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1.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 379-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research hotspots and trends of exercise treatment of hypertension in China with bibliometrics software of CiteSpace and VOS viewer.Methods:The databases of CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data and the core collection of Web of Science were searched with the key words of exercise therapy, exercise intervention, exercise prescription, sports, movement, high blood pressure, hypertension, etc. Relevant periodical literature in Chinese and English were retrieved from the establishment of the databases to December 31, 2021. The CiteSpace and VOS viewer were used to perform visual analysis of the literature in the field of exercise therapy for hypertension in China.Results:A total of 1 507 literatures were included, including 1 430 in Chinese and 77 in English. In recent years, the number of studies on exercise treatment of hypertension in China showed a fluctuating upward trend. The research institutions were mainly universities and hospitals, high-yield institutions mainly included Beijing Sport University (20 articles), the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (12 articles), the PLA General Hospital (13 articles) and Shanghai Sport University (11 articles). There was less cooperation between institutions and less cross-border cooperation. The proportion of sports and medical compound researchers in high-yield authors was relatively low (22.2%, 2/9). Keyword clustering could be summarized as three aspects: disease research, research objects and intervention methods. In terms of disease research, “pregnancy outcome”, “blood pressure”, “blood lipid” and “coronary heart disease” had strong burst (burst intensity 3.75, 3.70, 3.52, 3.12); in terms of research objects, “elderly patients” had the strongest burst (burst intensity 3.10); in terms of intervention methods, “exercise prescription”, “aerobic exercise” and “health education” had strong emergence (emergence intensity 6.08, 5.47, 4.01).Conclusions:Research achievements in the field of exercise therapy for hypertension in China are relatively rich in recent years. At present, the main research hotspots are disease research, research objects and intervention methods, and the integration degree of sports and medicine needs to be improved.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 456-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the material basis and mechanism of Linggui Zhugan Decoction in treating hypertension and obesity by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking technique.Methods:The TCMSP was retrieved and the main active components and action targets of Linggui Zhugan Decoction were screened. The GeneCards, OMIM, TTD, DisGeNET and DrugBank databases were used to screen disease-related targets of hypertension and obesity. The Cytoscape 3.9.0 was used to draw Chinese materia medica-composition-intersection target-disease network diagram. The STRING 11.5 database was used to draw PPI network. The cytoNCA plug-in was used to screen core active components and targets. The bioenrichment analysis of GO and KEGG was carried out in the R4.1.2, and the Chinese materia medica-intersection target-path diagram was drawn, and the core active components and core targets were docked in PyMOL and AutoDockTools 1.5.7.Results:A total of 102 potentially active components and 62 intersection targets were obtained, and 8 active components and 7 core targets were screened. Enrichment analysis showed that the key targets were mainly enriched through the signaling pathways of fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, lipid and atherosclerosis, and AGE-RAGE, which were involved in biological processes such as the response to nutritional levels and the regulation of small molecule metabolism. Molecular docking showed that there were 37 groups with addinity < -7 kcal/mol.Conclusion:The main active components of Linggui Zhugan Decoction are quercetin, kaempferol and naringenin, which may play a role in fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis pathway, lipid and atherosclerosis pathway and AGE-RAGE signal pathway through AKT1, EGFR, IL1B and other targets.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 192-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969615

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of different cultivation modes on the yield of Gentiana crassicaulis and its microbial diversity and secondary metabolite content in the rhizosphere soil. MethodWith G. crassicaulis of different cultivation modes and its rhizosphere soil as the research objects, the composition of bacterial and fungal communities, dominant bacteria, and differential microorganisms in the rhizosphere soil were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing technology. HPLC was used to determine the content of iridoids in G. crassicaulis with different cultivation modes. ResultCompared with plastic film mulching, planting without mulch and intercropping of peony, white kidney bean, potato, and corn increased the yield of fresh products by 16.11%-17.68%, 22.48%-26.34%, 29.37%-32.19%, 34.82%-36.57%, and 35.34%-39.71%, respectively, and increased the yield of dry products by 19.75%-23.17%, 25.86%-29.32%, 30.18%-34.94%, 35.22%-39.87%, and 39.72%-43.73%. The total content of four iridoids, including gentiopicrin, loganic acid, sweroside, and swertiamarin, increased by 10.17%-37.83%, 5.93%-47.44%, 9.09%-28.84%, and 10.71%-28.57%, respectively. The diversity of bacterial and fungal communities in the rhizosphere soil increased significantly (P<0.05). The relative abundance of pathogenic bacteria such as Sordariomycetes, Leotiomycetes, Tremellomycetes, Eurotiomycetes, Fusarium, and Cladophialophora decreased, and the proportions of beneficial bacteria such as Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Actinobacteriota increased and they gradually became the dominant bacteria. ConclusionDifferent cultivation modes can affect the yield of G. crassicaulis and its microbial diversity and iridoid content in the rhizosphere soil. Cultivation without mulch and intercropping patterns have certain advantages, which can provide theoretical references for the planting of G. crassicaulis.

4.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2412-2418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo build an evaluation index system for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) medicated diet, promoting the scientific and standardized development of medicated diet in TCM. MethodsThe framework of the evaluation index system was constructed through literature review and Delphi expert consultation method. The analytic hierarchy process was used to construct a hierarchical structure model. Pairwise comparisons between the indicators were conducted using the Saaty 1-9 scale method, and the weight of each indicator was calculated using Yaahp 10.3. ResultsThe response rates for the two rounds of expert consultation were 93.33% and 100%, respectively. The Kendall's W coefficients for the first-level and second-level indicators in the second round were 0.270 and 0.281, respectively (both P<0.001). Finally, an evaluation index system for TCM medicated diet therapy was constructed, consisting of 6 primary indicators and 27 secondary indicators. The weightings of the primary indicators were as follows: sensory appearance (0.1843), health value (0.3569), ingredient compatibility (0.1271), packaging (0.0370), production and preparation (0.1005), and reliability (0.1940). ConclusionA comprehensive and universally applicable evaluation index system for TCM medicated diet has been developed, taking into conside-rations of color, taste, appearance, efficacy, preparation, quality and others. This system can provide valuable reference for the evaluation of the value of medicated diet as well as its development.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1598-1605, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980812

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Stroke is the leading cause of death in China, and predicting the stroke burden could provide essential information guiding the setting of medium- and long-term health policies and priorities. The study aimed to project trends associated with stroke burden in China through 2050, not only in terms of incidence and mortality but also for prevalence and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs).@*METHODS@#Data on stroke rates in incidence, prevalence, deaths, and DALYs in China between 1990 and 2019 were obtained from a recent Global Burden of Disease study. Demographic-specific trends in rates over time were estimated using three models: the loglinear model, the Lee-Carter model, and a functional time series model. The mean absolute percentage error and the root mean squared error were used for model selection. Projections up to 2050 were estimated using the best fitting model. United Nations population data were used to project the absolute numbers through 2050.@*RESULTS@#From 2019 to 2050, the crude rates for all measures of the stroke burden are projected to increase continuously among both men and women. We project that compared with those in 2019, the incidence, prevalence, deaths, and DALYs because of stroke in China in 2050 will increase by 55.58%, 119.16%, 72.15%, and 20.04%, respectively; the corresponding increases in number were 2.19, 34.27, 1.58, and 9.21 million. The age-standardized rate is projected to substantially decline for incidence (8.94%), death (40.37%), and DALYs (43.47%), but the age-standardized prevalence rate is predicted to increase by 10.82%. By 2050, the burden of stroke among the population aged ≥65 years will increase significantly: by 104.70% for incidence, by 218.48% for prevalence, by 100.00% for death, and by 58.93% for DALYs.@*CONCLUSIONS@#With the aging population in China increasing over the next three decades, the burden of stroke will be markedly increased. Continuous efforts are needed to improve stroke health care and secondary prevention, especially for older adults.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Aged , Cost of Illness , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Stroke/epidemiology , Incidence , Prevalence , China/epidemiology
6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1070-1075, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973194

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the ability of combined baseline serum markers, i.e., HBV DNA, HBV RNA, HBsAg, and HBcrAg, to predict HBeAg seroconversion in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated by nucleos(t)ide analogues. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 83 HBeAg-positive patients selected as subjects from the prospective CHB follow-up cohort established by Difficult & Complicated Liver Diseases and Artificial Liver Center, Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, from June 2007 to July 2008, and the baseline serum levels of HBV DNA, HBV RNA, HBsAg, and HBcrAg were analyzed. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Spearman method was used for correlation analysis. A Cox regression model was established to calculate HBeAg seroconversion prediction score, and the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the ability of combined markers in predicting HBeAg seroconversion. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate cumulative seroconversion rate in each group, and the Log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. Results For the 83 HBeAg-positive patients, the median follow-up time was 108 months, and 44.58%(37/83) of these patients achieved HBeAg seroconversion. Compared with the non-seroconversion group, the HBeAg seroconversion group had significantly lower baseline serum levels of HBV DNA [6.23(1.99-9.28) log 10 IU/mL vs 7.69(2.05-8.96) log 10 IU/mL, Z =-2.345, P =0.019] and HBV RNA [4.81(1.40-7.53) log 10 copies/mL vs 6.22(2.00-8.49) log 10 copies/mL, Z =-1.702, P =0.010], and there were no significant differences in the levels of HBsAg and HBcrAg between the two groups ( P > 0.05). The Cox regression equation constructed based on the above serum markers showed a median score of 0.95(range 0.37-3.45) for predicting HBeAg seroconversion. In the total population, the combined score was negatively correlated with HBsAg, HBV DNA, HBV RNA, and HBcrAg ( r =-0.697, -0.787, -0.990, and -0.819, all P < 0.001). Based on the median prediction score, the patients were divided into high HBeAg seroconversion group and low HBeAg seroconversion group; as for the prediction of HBeAg seroconversion rate at 36, 60, and 84 months, the high HBeAg seroconversion group had a seroconversion rate of 43.90%, 51.20%, and 63.10%, respectively, while the low HBeAg seroconversion group had a seroconversion rate of 9.60%, 17.00%, and 19.8%, respectively, and there was a significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2 =11.6, P < 0.001). Conclusion The combined prediction score based on baseline serum HBV markers can predict HBeAg seroconversion in CHB patients treated by nucleos(t)ide analogues.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5113-5121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008709

ABSTRACT

Obesity has been identified as a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation and a key risk factor for diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and malignancies, and has become an urgent global health burden. Adipose tissue macrophages play a significant role in adipose immune homeostasis and inflammatory responses. Under different conditions, they can be polarized into pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype or anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. In obese individuals, there is abnormal polarization of macrophages in adipose tissue, leading to an imbalance in the M1/M2 phenotype dynamic equilibrium and the development of pathological inflammation. Therefore, restoring the balance of M1/M2 macrophage polarization is an important potential target for the treatment of chronic inflammation in obesity. Studies have shown that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) can positively modulate macrophage polarization and produce beneficial effects on obesity. Based on existing evidence, this paper systematically reviewed the potential mechanisms of TCM in improving chronic inflammation in obesity from the perspective of macrophage polarization, in order to provide evidence for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of chronic inflammation in obesity with TCM and offer new insights for related research design and the development of new TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Obesity/drug therapy , Adipose Tissue/pathology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Macrophages , Mice, Inbred C57BL
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1219-1220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007468

ABSTRACT

The needle-thread integrative embedding needle consists of needle handle, needle core, thread, locker and needle guard. The thread is fixed in the core by the locker. With the needle inserted into acupoint, the locker is separated from the thread, while the thread is embedded directly into acupoint, to achieve one acupoint with one needle. This type of thread embedding needle is operated simply and safely without cross infection occurrence, easy to carry.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 683-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of breast myofibroblastoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data and prognostic information of 15 patients with breast myofibroblastoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China from 2014 to 2022 were collected. Their clinical characteristics, histological subtypes, immunophenotypes and molecular characteristics were analyzed. Results: There were 12 female and 3 male patients, ranging in age from 18 to 78 years, with a median and average age of 52 years. There were 6 cases in the left breast and 9 cases in the right breast, including 12 cases in outer upper quadrant, 2 cases in inner upper quadrant and 1 case in outer lower quadrant. Most of the cases showed a well-defined nodule grossly, including pushing growth under the microscope in 13 cases, being completely separated from the surrounding breast tissue in 1 case, and infiltrating growth in 1 case. Among them, 12 cases were classic subtype and composed of occasional spindle cells with varying intervals of collagen fiber bundles; eight cases had a small amount of fat; one case had focal cartilage differentiation; one case was epithelioid subtype, in which epithelioid tumor cells were scattered in single filing or small clusters; one case was schwannoma-like subtype, and the tumor cells were arranged in a significant palisade shape, resembling schwannoma, and one case was invasive leiomyoma-like subtype, in which the tumor cells had eosinophilic cytoplasm and were arranged in bundles, and infiltrating into the surrounding mammary lobules like leiomyoma. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the tumor cells expressed desmin (14/15) and CD34 (14/15), as well as ER (15/15) and PR (15/15). Three cases with histologic subtypes of epithelioid subtype, schwannoma-like subtype and infiltrating leiomyoma-like subtype showed RB1 negative immunohistochemistry. Then FISH was performed to detect RB1/13q14 gene deletion, and identified RB1 gene deletion in all three cases. Fifteen cases were followed up for 2-100 months, and no recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Myofibroblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. In addition to the classic type, there are many histological variants, among which the epithelioid subtype is easily confused with invasive lobular carcinoma. The schwannoma-like subtype is similar to schwannoma, while the invasive subtype is easily misdiagnosed as fibromatosis-like or spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma. Therefore, it is important to recognize the various histological subtypes and clinicopathological features of the tumor for making correct pathological diagnosis and rational clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/pathology , Neurilemmoma
10.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 818-825, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status and influencing factors of activities of daily living (ADL), anxiety and depression of the community-dwelling elderly, and to explore the mediating effect of social support and social participation on ADL, anxiety and depression.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted from July to October 2022, among 637 residents over 60 years old registered in the Community Health Service Center of Taiyuan Economic and Technological Development Zone selected by simple random sampling method. The general information questionnaire, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale, Anxiety Self-assessment Scale, Depression Self-assessment Scale, Social Support Scale, and Social Participation Scale were used in the survey. The dichotomous logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of disability, anxiety, and depression of the elderly. Structural equation modeling was used to verify the mediating effects of social participation and social support on the ADL and mental health status in the elderly.Results:The disability rate of the elderly in the community was 42.9%(258/602). Age( OR=2.87-4.91), acute disease attack in the last three months( OR=2.03),poor economic status( OR=2.39), impaired social participation ability( OR=4.07, 11.75) and low level of social support( OR=2.37) were risk factors for disability of the elderly in the community. The incidence of anxiety symptoms was 22.7%(137/602). The risk factors of anxiety were having more than one chronic disease ( OR=2.24), poor economic status ( OR=2.27), mild and intermediate impairment of social participation ability( OR=6.97, 180.43)and low level of social support( OR=2.04). The incidence of depressive symptoms was 19.4%(117/602). The risk factors of depression were acute disease attack in the past three months ( OR=1.90), loneliness in the past three months ( OR=2.17), impaired social participation ( OR=4.17) and low level of social support ( OR=3.90). The direct effect of ADL on mental health was 0.204 (Bootstrap 95% CI:0.081-0.330), accounting for 34.58% of the total effect. The mediating effects of social participation and social support on ADL and mental health were 0.343 (Bootstrap 95% CI:0.274-0.418) and 0.042 (Bootstrap 95% CI:0.015-0.075) respectively, accounting for 58.13% and 7.12% of the total effect. Conclusions:Social support and social participation are not only the common influencing factors of ADL, anxiety and depression of the community-dwelling elderly, but also have a mediating effect on ADL and mental health. Promoting the social participation of the community-dwelling elderly and increasing social support can improve both ADL and mental health for them.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1238-1242, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the clinical value of the good outcome following attempted resuscitation (GO-FAR) score in predicting the neurological status of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in the Chinese population.Methods:The clinical data of patients with IHCA who were admitted to the Zigong Fourth People's Hospital from January 1 to December 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Used Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance category (CPC) score 1 point as the end point, the subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the score: ≤ 0 group, 1-8 group, 9-20 group and ≥ 21 group. Taken the group which GO-FAR score ≤ 0 as the reference group, the odds ratio ( OR) of the other three groups compared with this group was calculated. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was performed to evaluate the predictive value of the GO-FAR score in favorable neurological outcome. A calibration curve was drawn for the Hosmer-Lemeshow test to analyze the degree of calibration of the GO-FAR score for predicting good neurological outcome. Results:A total of 230 IHCA patients were enrolled in the study, including 130 males, aged 74 (65, 81) years old, and 23 case (10.0%) had good neurological prognosis. There were statistically significant differences in GO-FAR-related variables, including age, a normal neurological function on admitted, acute stroke, metastatic cancer, septicemia, medical noncardiac admission, hepatic insufficiency, hypotension, renal insufficiency or dialysis, respiratory insufficiency, pneumonia, etc (all P < 0.05). Taken the GO-FAR score ≤ 0 group as the reference group, the OR values of good neurological prognosis in the GO-FAR score 1-8 group were 0.54 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.17-1.53, P = 0.250], 9-20 group were 0.17 (95% CI was 0.02-0.67, P = 0.009) and ≥ 21 group were 0.25 (95% CI was 0.05-0.85, P = 0.025). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the GO-FAR score for predicting favorable neurological outcome in IHCA patients was 0.653 (95% CI was 0.529-0.777, P = 0.015) and there was no significant difference in Hosmer-Lemeshow test ( P = 0.311). All these suggested that there was no significant difference between the predicted value and the actual value. Conclusions:GO-FAR score can be applied to predict neurological prognosis of IHCA patients in Chinese population. It can help clinicians to predict the prognosis of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and propose critical recommendations in treatment for these patients or their families.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 557-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015289

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of rat adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to differentiate into oligodendrocyte precursor cells(OPCs) and find an effective way to treat demyelinating disease. Methods ADSCs from the inguinal region of SD rats were isolated, digested with collagenase type I and trypsin, collagenase type I digestion method as control, counted and compared; Cultured in vitro and observed the growth characteristics. After ADSCs subcultured 3 times of passages, CD29, CD90 and CD45 were detected by flow cytometry; After differentiation into adipocyte, the cells were identified by the staining of oil red 0; After differentiation into OPCs by stem cell differentiation medium and OPCs induced differentiation medium, the expression of a-N-acetylneuraminic acid a-2, 8-sialyltransferase I (A2B5) and NG2 was detected by immunofluorescent staining. Results The number of ADSCs in the combined enzyme group was higher than the collagenase type 1 group (P < 0 . 05, re = 7); ADSCs grew in a long shuttle type and their morphology tended to be stable after passage. The surface marker CD29, CD90 were positive, and CD45 was negative. After adipogenic induction, oil red 0 staining showed red lipid droplets of varying sizes in the cells. After OPCs induction, immunofluorescence detection showed that positive reaction of cell surface fluorescence was seen with antibody to A2B5 and NG2,(87. 03±0. 94)% expressed A2B5, (90. 07±0. 96) % expressed NG2. After cultured for 3 days, immunof'luorescence detection showed that positive reaction of cell surface fluorescence was seen with antibody to myelin basic protein (MBP). Conclusion ADSCs are obtained by combined enzyme digestion and the cells are much more than collagenase alone and can be induced to OPCs in vitro.

13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 519-529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect of combined strategy of poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) inhibitor on homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-proficient ovarian cancer cells.Methods:(1) HRD-proficient ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR3 and CAOV3 were treated with PARP inhibitor olaparib. Screening by RNA sequencing analysis, the expression level of IL-1β was validated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blot. (2) The dose-response curves of IL-1β inhibitor diacerein were evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays in OVCAR3 and CAOV3 cells. CCK-8 assays were further applied to determine the viabilities of OVCAR3 and CAOV3 cells. (3) To evaluate the synergistic effects of olaparib and IL-1β inhibitor in vivo, the transplanted ovarian cancer model was constructed. BALB/c-nude mice ( n=16) were injected intraperitoneally with 1×10 7 OVACR3 cells labelled with luciferase (OVCAR3-Luc). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was performed to determine nuclear antigen associated with cell proliferation (Ki-67) expression. (4) Blood routine tests, kidney and liver function tests were performed to analyze the toxic reaction of different drug treatments. The potential drug-induced injuries of vital organs including heart, liver, spleen, lungs and kidneys of nude mice were determined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Results:(1) The RNA sequencing results showed that the mRNA level of IL-1β was the most significantly increased among the 25 differentially expressed genes in OVCAR3 cells treated with olaparib, compared to the negative control group. Olaparib treatment significantly promoted the secretion and expression of IL-1β protein in both OVACR3 and CAOV3 cells by ELISA [(36.2±3.5) and (49.5±3.5) pg/ml, respectively; all P<0.001] and western bolt (2.87±0.37 and 2.05±0.08, respectively; all P<0.01). (2) The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC 50) value of IL-1β inhibitor was determined as follows: 75 μmol/L for OVACR3 cells and 100 μmol/L for CAOV3 cells. The treatments were divided into four groups including control group, olaparib monotherapy group, IL-1β inhibitor monotherapy group and the combination therapy group. The cell viabilities of each group in OVCAR3 and CAOV3 were determined by CCK-8 assay. The data in each group were showed as follows for OVCAR3 and CAOV3 cells: (100.0±0.4)% and (100.0±3.5)% in control group; (63.1±6.2)% and (63.3±3.8)% in olaparib monotherapy group; (61.6±4.7)% and (63.8±3.5)% in IL-1β inhibitor monotherapy group; and (32.9±5.2)% and (30.0±1.3)% in the combination therapy group. The viability assay showed that the combined strategy exhibited a significant inhibition effect on OVACR3 and CAOV3 cells, compared to the monotherapy group and the control group (all P<0.01). (3) All mice with transplanted tumors of HRD-proficient ovarian cancer cells were randomly divided into four groups, and treated with four different treatments as mentioned above, respectively. After 4 weeks (on day 29), the vivo fluorescence imaging were determined. The results showed that the amount of fluorescence of transplanted tumors was mostly decreased in the combination therapy group [(0.5±0.4)×10 10 p/s], compared to the control group [(4.2±1.0)×10 10 p/s] or the groups treated with any single drug [(3.1±0.9)×10 10, (2.2±0.9)×10 10 p/s; all P<0.05]. Mice were then sacrificed under anesthesia, and all transplanted tumors detached and weighed for further investigation. The weight of transplanted tumors was significantly decreased in the combination therapy group [(0.09±0.03) g], compared to that in control group [(0.25±0.05) g] or groups treated with any single drug [(0.17±0.03), (0.19±0.04) g; all P<0.05]. The measurement of the expression of Ki-67 showed that it was significantly decreased in the combination therapy group (0.33±0.10), compared to that in the control group (1.00±0.20) or monotherapy groups (0.76±0.07, 0.77±0.12; all P<0.05). (4) There were no significant differences of body weights, blood routine test, renal and liver function tests among mice with different treatments (all P>0.05). Moreover, no significant injuries were observed in the vital organs among the four groups. Conclusions:The combination of olaparib and IL-1β inhibitor synergistically exhibits significant cytotoxicity in HRD-proficient ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, the blood routine and blood biochemistry results confirmed the biosafety of the combination of olaparib and IL-1β inhibitor.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1035-1040, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the consistency between Shengxiang (S) and Xinbo (X) real-time PCR methods in the quantification of HBV RNA. Methods In the prospective follow-up cohort of 108 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients established from July 2007 to August 2008, 20 patients with HBeAg seroconversion were selected, and 20 patients without seroconversion were selected by propensity score matching at a ratio of 1∶ 1. The two quantification methods from S and X companies were used, and a retrospective analysis was performed for HBV RNA in serum samples at baseline and weeks 12, 24, and 48. The paired t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data. The Pearson correlation coefficient, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and the Bland-Altman method were used to evaluate the consistency of the two quantification methods. Results A total of 132 serum samples were tested by S reagent, and 154 were tested by X reagent; the detection rate of HBV RNA was 100% by both reagents. A total of 131 serum samples were tested by both reagents, with 34 samples at baseline and 29, 35, and 33 samples, respectively, at weeks 12, 24, and 48 of follow-up; at these four time points, the HBV RNA quantification data detected by X reagent were significantly higher than those detected by S reagent (5.75±1.64/5.43±1.73/5.13±1.54/4.76±1.55 log 10 copies/mL vs 4.80±1.48/4.52±1.53/4.10±1.50/3.92± 1.43 log 10 copies/mL, t =8.348, t =5.341, Z =-5.086, Z =-4.762, all P < 0.001). The correlation analysis of the two methods showed a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.915 (95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.836-0.957) and an ICC of 0.771(95% CI : -0.021 to 0.931) at baseline, a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.849(95% CI : 0.701-0.927) and an ICC of 0.733(95% CI : 0.138-0.902) at week 12, a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.951(95% CI : 0.905-0.975) and an ICC of 0.776(95% CI : -0.058 to 0.942) at week 24, and a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.933(95% CI : 0.867-0.967) and an ICC of 0.804(95% CI : -0.014 to 0.944) at week 48 (all P < 0.05). The Bland-Altman analysis showed that the difference of 96.18%(126/131) samples tested by the two methods was within the mean difference±1.96 standard deviation. Conclusion HBV RNA quantification by X reagent is higher than that by S reagent, while the two real-time PCR quantification methods show a good consistency in CHB patients with HBeAg seroconversion and those without seroconversion.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 418-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935405

ABSTRACT

Real-world data study evidence, as an important part of evaluating the safety and effectiveness of drugs and devices, has attracted increasing attention from regulatory agencies and scholars both at home and abroad, and has become an essential source of evidence to support the development and review of drugs and devices. This paper systematically discusses the process and mode of real-world data system construction based on the preliminary practical study of real-world data according to the guidelines/technical specifications issued by regulatory agencies and academic research results. This study result provides not only reference for the generation of clinical evaluation evidence to meet the regulatory requirements for innovative drugs and devices, but also reference for researchers, sponsors and regulators to carry out real-world data studies successfully.

16.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1619-1627, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902495

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) with those of patients with essential hypertension (EH) and healthy controls (HCs). @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study enrolled 35 patients with PA, in addition to 35 age- and sex-matched patients with EH, and 35 age- and sex-matched HCs, all of whom underwent comprehensive clinical and cardiac MRI examinations. The analysis of variance was used to detect the differences in the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling among the three groups. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationships between left ventricular remodeling and the physiological variables. @*Results@#The left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (EDVi) (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 85.1 ± 13.0 mL/m2 for PA, 75.9 ± 14.3 mL/m2 for EH, and 77.3 ± 12.8 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.010), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (ESVi) (mean ± SD: 35.2 ± 9.8 mL/m2 for PA, 30.7 ± 8.1 mL/m2 for EH, and 29.5 ± 7.0 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.013), left ventricular mass index (mean ± SD: 65.8 ± 16.5 g/m2 for PA, 56.9 ± 12.1 g/m2 for EH, and 44.1 ± 8.9 g/m2 for HC; p < 0.001), and native T1 (mean ± SD: 1224 ± 39 ms for PA, 1201 ± 47 ms for EH, and 1200 ± 44 ms for HC; p = 0.041) values were higher in the PA group compared to the EH and HC groups. Multivariable linear regression demonstrated that log (plasma aldosteroneto-renin ratio) was independently correlated with EDVi and ESVi. Plasma aldosterone was independently correlated with native T1. @*Conclusion@#Patients with PA showed a greater degree of ventricular hypertrophy and enlargement, as well as myocardial fibrosis, compared to those with EH. Cardiac MRI T1 mapping can detect left ventricular myocardial fibrosis in patients with PA.

17.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e50-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901432

ABSTRACT

Background@#Bovine papillomatosis is a type of proliferative tumor disease of skin and mucosae caused by bovine papillomavirus (BPV). As a transboundary and emerging disease in cattle, it poses a potential threat to the dairy industry. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study is to detect and clarify the genetic diversity of BPV circulating in dairy cows in Xinjiang, China. @*Methods@#122 papilloma skin lesions from 8 intensive dairy farms located in different regions of Xinjiang, China were detected by polymerase chain reaction. The genetic evolution relationships of various types of BPVs were analyzed by examining this phylogenetic tree. @*Results@#Ten genotypes of BPV (BPV1, BPV2, BPV3, BPV6, BPV7, BPV8, BPV10, BPV11, BPV13, and BPV14) were detected and identified in dairy cows. These were the first reported detections of BPV13 and BPV14 in Xinjiang, Mixed infections were detected, and there were geographical differences in the distribution of the BPV genotypes. Notably, the BPV infection rate among young cattle (< 1-year-old) developed from the same supply of frozen sperm was higher than that of the other young cows naturally raised under the same environmental conditions. @*Conclusions@#Genotyping based on the L1 gene of BPV showed that BPVs circulating in Xinjiang China displayed substantial genetic diversity. This study provided valuable data at the molecular epidemiology level, which is conducive to developing deep insights into the genetic diversity and pathogenic characteristics of BPVs in dairy cows.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 570-574, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873800

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association of common clinical indices and noninvasive liver fibrosis scores with hepatic-type Wilson’s disease (WD) in Chinese patients and their ability to identify advanced liver fibrosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 236 Chinese patients with WD who were diagnosed and treated in Beijing YouAn Hospital and China-Japan Friendship Hospital from May 1996 to April 2020. A total of 26 patients with hepatic-type WD who underwent liver pathological examination and had complete clinical data were enrolled; the METAVIR score was used to determine liver fibrosis stage, and the patients were divided into advanced liver fibrosis (F3 and F4 stages) group and non-advanced liver fibrosis (F0, F1, and F2 stages) groups. Three noninvasive liver fibrosis scores [Sheth index, aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index] were calculated for both groups, and the above indices and related clinical indices were compared between the two groups. The independent samples t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Spearman rank correlation test was used for further analysis of indices with statistical significance, and the clinical indices and scoring criteria correlated with liver fibrosis degree were screened out; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. ResultsMost of the patients in this study developed the disease in childhood and adolescence, and among these patients, 10 (38.5%) had positive K-F ring and 17 (65%) were in the stage of advanced liver fibrosis. There were significant differences between the advanced liver fibrosis group and the non-advanced liver fibrosis group in white blood cell count (WBC) (Z=-2.102, P=0.036), hemoglobin (Hb) (t=-2.860, P=0009), platelet count (PLT) (t=-4.053, P<0.001), direct bilirubin (DBil) (Z=-2.130, P=0.033), albumin (Alb) (t=-2.875, P=0.008), and Sheth index (Z=-3.369, P=0.001). WBC, Hb, PLT, and Alb were negatively correlated with liver fibrosis degree in WD patients (r=-0.587, -0.610, -0.656, and -0.411, all P<0.05), and DBil and Sheth index were positively correlated with liver fibrosis degree (r=0.486 and 0.711, both P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that WBC, DBil, Sheth index, Hb, PLT, and Alb had an AUC of >0.7, among which Sheth index had the largest AUC of 0.908, with a sensitivity of 70.6%, a specificity of 100.0%, a positive predictive value of 100.0%, and a negative predictive value of 64.3%. ConclusionSheth index has a better diagnostic efficiency than the other clinical indices alone and can well identify advanced liver fibrosis in Chinese patients with hepatic-type WD.

19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1619-1627, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894791

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) with those of patients with essential hypertension (EH) and healthy controls (HCs). @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study enrolled 35 patients with PA, in addition to 35 age- and sex-matched patients with EH, and 35 age- and sex-matched HCs, all of whom underwent comprehensive clinical and cardiac MRI examinations. The analysis of variance was used to detect the differences in the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling among the three groups. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationships between left ventricular remodeling and the physiological variables. @*Results@#The left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (EDVi) (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 85.1 ± 13.0 mL/m2 for PA, 75.9 ± 14.3 mL/m2 for EH, and 77.3 ± 12.8 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.010), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (ESVi) (mean ± SD: 35.2 ± 9.8 mL/m2 for PA, 30.7 ± 8.1 mL/m2 for EH, and 29.5 ± 7.0 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.013), left ventricular mass index (mean ± SD: 65.8 ± 16.5 g/m2 for PA, 56.9 ± 12.1 g/m2 for EH, and 44.1 ± 8.9 g/m2 for HC; p < 0.001), and native T1 (mean ± SD: 1224 ± 39 ms for PA, 1201 ± 47 ms for EH, and 1200 ± 44 ms for HC; p = 0.041) values were higher in the PA group compared to the EH and HC groups. Multivariable linear regression demonstrated that log (plasma aldosteroneto-renin ratio) was independently correlated with EDVi and ESVi. Plasma aldosterone was independently correlated with native T1. @*Conclusion@#Patients with PA showed a greater degree of ventricular hypertrophy and enlargement, as well as myocardial fibrosis, compared to those with EH. Cardiac MRI T1 mapping can detect left ventricular myocardial fibrosis in patients with PA.

20.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e50-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893728

ABSTRACT

Background@#Bovine papillomatosis is a type of proliferative tumor disease of skin and mucosae caused by bovine papillomavirus (BPV). As a transboundary and emerging disease in cattle, it poses a potential threat to the dairy industry. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study is to detect and clarify the genetic diversity of BPV circulating in dairy cows in Xinjiang, China. @*Methods@#122 papilloma skin lesions from 8 intensive dairy farms located in different regions of Xinjiang, China were detected by polymerase chain reaction. The genetic evolution relationships of various types of BPVs were analyzed by examining this phylogenetic tree. @*Results@#Ten genotypes of BPV (BPV1, BPV2, BPV3, BPV6, BPV7, BPV8, BPV10, BPV11, BPV13, and BPV14) were detected and identified in dairy cows. These were the first reported detections of BPV13 and BPV14 in Xinjiang, Mixed infections were detected, and there were geographical differences in the distribution of the BPV genotypes. Notably, the BPV infection rate among young cattle (< 1-year-old) developed from the same supply of frozen sperm was higher than that of the other young cows naturally raised under the same environmental conditions. @*Conclusions@#Genotyping based on the L1 gene of BPV showed that BPVs circulating in Xinjiang China displayed substantial genetic diversity. This study provided valuable data at the molecular epidemiology level, which is conducive to developing deep insights into the genetic diversity and pathogenic characteristics of BPVs in dairy cows.

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