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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 243-250, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013430

ABSTRACT

Background Multiple studies have shown a close relationship between changes in gut microbiota composition and obesity, and research results are influenced by factors such as race and geographical location, but there are few studies on children. Objective To analyze the diversity of gut microbiota related to obesity in a population of 2-6 years old, observe the distribution characteristics and species differences of gut microbiota between obese/overweight and normal weight groups, and explore the association betweenobese/overweight and gut microbiota diversity. Methods Fecal samples were collected from 74 children aged 2-6 years in Shanghai, including 18 obese/overweight individuals, 6 males and 12 females (male to female ratio of 1∶2), and 56 normal weight individuals, 18 males and 38 females (male to female ratio is nearly 1∶2). The 16S rDNA was extracted from bacteria in fecal samples, followed by PCR amplification, cDNA construction, and high-throughput sequencing. Naive Bayes algorithm was used to perform taxonomic analysis (phylum, class, order, family, genus, species) and community diversity analysis (Sobs index, Shannon index, Shannoneven index, Coverage index, PD index, and principal co-ordinates analysis) on representative sequences and abundance of amplicon sequence variants (ASV). Wilcoxon rank sum test, P-value multiple test correction, and analysis of similarities were used to test differences between the two groups to obtain information on the distribution characteristics and species differences of intestinal microbiota in children. Results Seventy-four fecal samples were sequenced, and the sequencing results were subjected to quality control and filtering. A total of 4905306 optimized sequences were obtained, resulting in 1860 ASVs. The diversity data analysis of ASVs generated 889 species annotation results at 8 taxonomic levels. The alpha diversity analysis showed that the richness (Sobs index), diversity (Shannon index), evenness (Shannoneven index), and phylogenetic diversity (PD index) of fecal community of the obese/overweight children were increased compared to those of the normal weight children, but there were no statistical differences between the two groups (P>0.05). The beta diversity analysis showed that there was little difference in the composition of microbial species between the two groups, and no significant clustering separation was observed. The results of species composition analysis at phylum, order, family, and genus levels of 74 samples showed a consistent core microbiota structure in the two groups of gut microbiota, but there were differences in microbiota composition. The differences in microbial community composition between the two groups were manifested at the taxonomic levels of order, family, and genus, among which phylum Firmicutes, order Erysipelotrichales, family Erysipelatocyclostridiaceae, genus Erysipelotrichaceae_ UCG-003 and genus Catenibacterium were significantly enriched in the obese/overweight group and contributed significantly to the phenotypic difference of obese/overweight [linear discriminant analysis (LDA)=3.72, P<0.01; LDA=3.29, P<0.05). Phylum Proteobacteria, order Enterobacterales, family Enterobacteriaceae, genus unclassified was significantly enriched in the normal weight group and contributed significantly to the phenotypic difference of normal body weight (LDA=3.93, P<0.05). Conclusion The richness and diversity of gut microbiota in obese/overweight children aged 2-6 years in Shanghai are increased, but there is no difference compared to normal weight children. There is a difference in the composition of gut microbiota between the obese/overweight group and the normal weight group.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL). Methods: A retrospective cohort study.Clinical data, treatment and prognosis of 28 cases of IALL who have been treated at Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University and Baoding Children's Hospital from October 2013 to May 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Based on the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), all patients were divided into KMT2A gene rearrangement (KMT2A-R) positive group and KMT2A-R negative group. The prognosis of two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-Rank test were used to analyze the survival of the patients. Results: Among 28 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 18 females, with the onset age of 10.9 (9.4,11.8) months. In terms of immune classification, 25 cases were B-ALL (89%), while the remaining 3 cases were T-ALL (11%). Most infant B-ALL showed pro-B lymphocyte phenotype (16/25,64%). A total of 22 cases (79%) obtained chromosome karyotype results, of which 7 were normal karyotypes, no complex karyotypes and 15 were abnormal karyotypes were found. Among abnormal karyotypes, there were 4 cases of t (9; 11), 2 cases of t (4; 11), 2 cases of t (11; 19), 1 case of t (1; 11) and 6 cases of other abnormal karyotypes. A total of 19 cases (68%) were positive for KMT2A-R detected by FISH. The KMT2A fusion gene was detected by real-time PCR in 16 cases (57%). A total of 24 patients completed standardized induction chemotherapy and were able to undergo efficacy evaluation, 23 cases (96%) achieved complete remission through induction chemotherapy, 4 cases (17%) died of relapse. The 5-year event free survival rate (EFS) was (46±13)%, and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was (73±10)%.The survival time was 31.3 (3.3, 62.5) months. There was no significant statistical difference in 5-year EFS ((46±14)% vs. (61±18)%) and 5-year OS ((64±13)% vs. (86±13)%) between the KMT2A-R positive group (15 cases) and the KMT2A-R negative group (9 cases) (χ2=1.88, 1.47, P=0.170, 0.224). Conclusions: Most IALL patients were accompanied by KMT2A-R. They had poor tolerance to traditional chemotherapy, the relapse rate during treatment was high and the prognosis was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Abnormal Karyotype , Recurrence
3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 64-71, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012657

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the high-risk detection rate and aggregation of cardiovascular diseases(CVD) in 8 districts of Shanghai and influencing factors, and to provide scientific references for prevention and control of CVD. MethodsBased on the Cardiovascular Disease Screening and Management Program in Shanghai from 2016 to 2021, 104 685 participants aged 35 to 75 in 8 districts of Shanghai were selected for analysis. χ2 test and multivariate logistic regression were used for statistical analysis of the influencing factors of CVD and aggregation of CVD. ResultsThe proportion of high-risk CVD individuals in the population was 19.17%, including the high-risk individuals with hypertension (8.65%), dyslipidemia (6.33%), CVD history (5.58%), and WHO assessed risk ≥20% types (2.69%), respectively. Old age, overweight and obesity, central obesity, smoking, drinking, farmers, unmarried, and low family income were the risk factors of CVD, while high education level was the protective factor. In the participants, 16 323 people (81.34%) were classified as CVD high-risk groups; The number of aggregation of 1, 2 and ≥3 high risk types of CVD were 16 323(81.34%), 3 236(16.13%), 509(2.54%), respectively. Old age, low education level, low annual family income, farmers, unmarried, smoking, drinking, overweight, obesity and central obesity were associated with the risk of aggregation of high risk types of CVD, and the correlation strength increased with the increase of aggregation types. ConclusionThe prevention and control of CVD in Shanghai should focus on the hypertension, elderly, overweight, obesity, central obesity, smoking, drinking, low educated, low family income, farmers and unmarried people, and targeted intervention measures should be taken to reduce the risk of CVD among residents.

4.
Journal of Tradition Chinese Medicine ; (24): 1759-1762, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987109

ABSTRACT

@#Ferroptosis is a novel iron-dependent mode of programmed cell death characterized by iron deposition and accumulation of lipid peroxidation. More and more studies have found that ferroptosis is closely related to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The yin-fire theory is an important part of LI Gao's spleen-stomach theory, and it is believed that qi-fire imblance and yin-fire internal generation is the main pathogenesis of T2DM. Abnormal iron metabolism may be an important prerequisite for T2DM yin-fire internal generation, while oxidative stress is the specific manifestation of T2DM qi-fire imbalance. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the end product of qi-fire imbalance, and lipid peroxide is the pathological products of T2DM yin-fire internal generation. This study intends to explore the pathological mechanism of qi-fire imbalance and yin-fire internal generation from the perspectives of iron metabolism, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, enriching the modern connotation of yin-fire theory, and benefiting traditional Chinese medicine to target against ferroptosis, and prevent and treat T2DM precisely.

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 963-970, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Zhenqi Buxue Oral Liquid (ZQ), progesterone capsules, and their combination in treating oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea with qi-blood and Kidney (Shen) essence deficiency.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized, multi-center controlled trial between June 2022 to December 2022. Ninety-six oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea patients with qi-blood and Shen essence deficiency were randomly assigned to receive ZQ (ZQ group, 29 cases), progesterone capsules (PG group, 32 cases), or the combined Chinese and Western medicine (COM group, 31 cases) at a ratio of 1:1:1. Patients in the ZQ or PG group took daily 10 mL twice a day of ZQ or 200 mg once a day of progesterone capsules for 10 consecutive days on day 15 of the menstrual cycle respectively, and patients in the COM group received the same ZQ combined with progesterone capsules. The treatment course lasted for 3 months and follow-up was performed at 1 and 3 months after the end of treatment. Primary endpoint was the menstrual Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome Scale (TCMSS) scores. Secondary endpoints included pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC) scores, clinical efficacy rate, 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) scores, sex hormones and thickness of endometrium. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded.@*RESULTS@#TCMSS scores after 1- and 3-month treatment in all groups were significantly lower than those at baseline (P<0.05). Only TCMSS scores after 3-month treatment in the ZQ and COM groups continuously decreased compared with those after 1-month treatment in the same group (P<0.01). TCMSS scores after 3-month treatment in the ZQ and COM groups were significantly lower than those in the PG group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with baseline, PBAC scores in the ZQ and COM groups after 3 months of treatment were also significantly higher (both P<0.01). The total effective rates of TCM syndrome of 3-month treatment were significantly improved in all groups compared with that after 1 month of treatment (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the COM group was the highest in the 3rd month of treatment and significantly higher than that of PG group alone (P<0.05). Compared with baseline, only the SF-36 scores of COM group were significantly improved after 3 months of treatment (P<0.05). No serious adverse reactions were observed after treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of ZQ and PG, or ZQ only had better effects on reducing TCMSS scores compared with PG, and COM showed the higher total effective rate compared with monotherapy. Besides, COM could effectively improve menstrual blood loss and quality of life. ZQ combined with PG may be an effective and safe option for oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea patients with qi-blood and Shen essence deficiency.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Qi , Oligomenorrhea/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Capsules , Kidney
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 369-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on electrophysiological characteristics of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) and ventral hippocampus (vHPC) in mice, and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the plasticity of hippocampal neurons and memory regulation after PTSD. Male C57Thy1-YFP/GAD67-GFP mice were randomly divided into PTSD group and control group. Unavoidable foot shock (FS) was applied to establish PTSD model. The spatial learning ability was explored by water maze test, and the changes in electrophysiological characteristics of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in dHPC and vHPC were examined using whole-cell recording method. The results showed that FS significantly reduced the movement speed, and enhanced the number and percentage of freezing. PTSD significantly prolonged the escape latency in localization avoidance training, shortened the swimming time in the original quadrant, extended the swimming time in the contralateral quadrant, and increased absolute refractory period, energy barrier and inter-spike interval of glutamatergic neurons in dHPC and GABAergic neurons in vHPC, while decreased absolute refractory period, energy barrier and inter-spike interval of GABAergic neurons in dHPC and glutamatergic neurons in vHPC. These results suggest that PTSD can damage spatial perception of mice, down-regulate the excitability of dHPC and up-regulate the excitability of vHPC, and the underlying mechanism may involve the regulation of spatial memory by the plasticity of neurons in dHPC and vHPC.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Hippocampus , Spatial Learning , GABAergic Neurons
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 163-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996823

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the therapeutic effects of oral Chinese medicines (including Chinese patent medicines) on coronary artery disease (CAD) by the Bayesian network Meta-analysis. MethodThe randomized controlled trials of treating CAD with oral Chinese medicines were retrieved from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library from the inception to December 1, 2022. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included articles. The direct meta-analysis was performed to compare the performance of oral Chinese medicines alone and in combination with Western medicine in the treatment of CAD in terms of intima-media thickness (IMT), vascular endothelial function, plaque score, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and total response rate. Furthermore, the Bayesian network Meta-analysis was performed to compare the therapeutic effects of different Chinese medicines. ResultA total of 41 articles were included. The direct meta-analysis results showed that Chinese medicines combined with Western medicine outperformed Western medicine alone in recovering all the indicators of CAD. The Bayesian network meta-analysis yielded the following results. In terms of the total response rate, modified Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang and Sanqi Huayu pills had obvious advantages over other Chinese medicines. In terms of IMT and plaque score, Xiaoban Huazhuo decoction, Yiqi Tongluo formula, Ruangan Jiangzhi capsules, and Guanxin Shutong capsules had obvious advantages over other Chinese medicines. In terms of blood lipid indicators, Shenqi Roumai mixture, Ruangan Jiangzhi capsules, Xiaoban Huazhuo decoction, Qiwei Sanxiong decoction, and Sanqi Huayu pills were superior to other Chinese medicines. The Chinese medicines above mainly had the functions of activating blood, resolving stasis, resolving phlegm, and dredging vessels. ConclusionThe combination of oral Chinese medicines and Western medicine is effective in treating CAD. Clinicians can use the drugs targeting abnormal indicators according to the results of this Bayesian network meta-analysis combined with the actual situation of patients to achieve better therapeutic effects.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the endoscopic characteristics of early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions after Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori) eradication. Methods:From May 2019 to June 2022, at Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, the medical data of patients diagnosed with differentiated early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions were collected. A total of 93 patients with early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions who had previous history of H. pylori infection and had undergone standardized eradication treatment were selected, and their endoscopic characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. Independent sample t-test, chi-square test, and Fisher′s exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Among 93 patients with early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions after H. pylori eradication, there were 56 males and 37 females, with an average age of (66.9±8.2) years old. The time after H. pylori eradication was 3.4 years (range 1.0 to 7.0 years). A total of 109 early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions were found, including 79 patients with single lesion and 14 patients with multiple lesions (30 lesions). There were 60 cases with 73 lesions in the early gastric cancer group and 33 cases with 36 lesions in the precancerous group. Among 93 patients, 89 cases (95.7%) were diagnosed with atrophy level above C-2 according to Kimura-Takemoto classification under endoscopy. The long diameter of 109 lesions was (1.38±0.70) cm and the short diameter was (1.04±0.53) cm. A total of 80 lesions (73.4%) were located in the lower 1/3 part of the stomach, and 53 lesions (48.6%) were located in the lesser curvature. A total of 106 lesions (97.2%) were superficial type (0-Ⅱ) under the endoscopy. The long diameter and short diameter in the early gastric cancer group after H. pylori eradication were both greater than those in the precancerous lesion group ((1.54±0.78) cm vs. (1.06±0.35) cm, (1.16±0.58) cm vs. (0.78±0.33) cm), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.53 and 3.73, both P<0.001). There was statistically significant difference in the morphological types between early gastric cancer group after H. pylori eradication and precancerous lesion group ( χ2=11.01, P=0.012). The main morphological type of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication was superficial depression type (0-Ⅱc), accounting for 45.2% (33/73), while the precancerous lesions were mainly superficial protruded and flat type, both accounting for 38.9% (14/36). Conclusions:After H. pylori eradication, the endoscopic atrophy range of early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions is mostly above C-2. And the lesions are mostly located in the middle and lower 1/3 part of the stomach, long diameter of lesions <20 mm. The main morphological type is superficial type, especially superficial depression type.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 219-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the concept and procedures of precise flap surgery in construction of knee defects and to report the preliminary clinical outcomes.Methods:The data of 16 patients with knee defects at 17 sides were retrospectively analyzed who had been treated under the guidance of the concept of precise flap surgery at Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The 920th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of PLA from August 2014 to March 2022. There were 12 males and 4 females, aged 44(34, 54) years. The wounds were at the left side in 8 cases, at the right side in 7 ones and at bilateral sides in one, and their sizes ranged from 5 cm×3 cm to 15 cm×11 cm. The time from injury to surgery was 8.5(6.0, 13.0) days. Optimal repair protocols were chosen after the donor and recipient sites were evaluated according to the methods of precise flap surgery: a retrograde anterolateral thigh flap in 7 sides, a descending genicular artery perforator flap in 3 ones, a saphenous artery flap in 2 ones, and a superior genicular lateral artery perforator flap, a popliteal artery perforator flap, a medial sural perforator propeller flap, a peroneal artery perforator propeller flap, and a randomized flap in one, respectively. The flap sizes ranged from 10 cm×6 cm to 15 cm×15 cm. The outcomes and complications of skin flap repair, and functional recovery of the affected limb were recorded.Results:All the flaps at 17 sides survived after surgery; 3 cases developed distal edge necrosis which responded to dressing change. The follow-ups for the 16 patients were 14.5(10.0, 28.0) months. All the flaps presented with good color, texture and contour. Flap bulking, local osteomyelitis, and scar ulcer was found in one case respectively. According to the revascularization assessments in the digital replantation criteria by Hand Surgery Society, Chinese Medical Association, all the flaps at 17 sides were excellent. Accoding to the knee functional evaluation of Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) at the last follow-up, the 17 affected limbs scored 86(80,91) points, yielding 9 excellent, 7 good and 1 fair sides.Conclusion:Although the defects and donor sites around the knee vary greatly, precise flap surgery may lead to effective control of the variations, choice of an optimal reconstruction protocol, and precise wound repair.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 512-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term outcomes of totally robotic surgical system and robotic surgical system assisted radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 290 patients who under-went robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2018 to November 2021 were collected. There were 208 males and 82 females, aged 58 (range, 24?84)years. Of the 290 patients, 125 patients undergoing totally robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy combined with reconstruction of digestive tract were divided into the totally robot group, and 165 patients undergoing robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy combined with a small midline incision-assisted reconstruction of digestive tract were divided into the robotic-assisted group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical and postoperative situations; (2) postoperative complications. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the non-parameter rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative situations. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of incision, duration of postoperative analgesic using, time to postoperative gastric tube removal, time to postoperative initial water intake, time to postoperative first anal flatus, duration of post-operative hospital stay were (246±43)minutes, (104±51)mL, 4(range, 3?6)cm, (2.2±0.5)days, 36(range, 10?112)hours, 62(range, 32?205)hours, 63(range, 18?138)hours, 8(range, 6?50)days in patients of the totally robot group, versus (296±59)minutes, (143±87)mL, 6(range, 3?13)cm, (3.6±0.7)days, 42(range, 12?262)hours, 90(range, 18?262)hours, 80(range, 16?295)hours, 9(range, 6?63)days in patients of the robotic-assisted group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=8.04, 4.42, Z=?13.98, t=18.46, Z=?5.47, ?5.87, ?6.14, ?4.04, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative complications. Cases with systemic related complications and cases with pulmonary infection were 7 and 4 in patients of the totally robot group, versus 31 and 16 in patients of the robotic-assisted group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=10.86, 4.68, P<0.05). Further analysis showed that there were significant differences in age ≥60 years, body mass index ≥25 kg/m 2, tumor diameter ≥3 cm, TNM staging as stage Ⅲ of cases with postoperative complications between the totally robot group and the robotic-assisted group ( odds ratio=0.44, 0.17, 0.40, 0.31, 95 confidence interval as 0.20?1.00, 0.03?0.88, 0.18?0.89, 0.11?0.84, P<0.05). Conclusion:Totally robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer is safe and feasible with advantages of minimal trauma and quick recovery, especially for patients as age ≥60 years, body mass index ≥25 kg/cm 2, tumor diameter ≥3 cm and TNM stage Ⅲ in complication controlling.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 170-175, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990156

ABSTRACT

As a new type of medical service project, "Internet + nursing service" has become a new trend in the development of nursing. Ningbo area started the exploration of "Internet + nursing service" as early as the end of 2015, and gradually formed the Ningbo model of "government-led, regionalized layout, and online and offline collaborative services, medical professional support, market-based operation". And made the innovative practice of "medical insurance pay at home". By the end of December 2021, there were 6 200 registered nurses on the platform, and a total of 20 993 door-to-door services were provided. 197 medical institutions settled on the platform and carried out 49 home service projects. This paper introduced the exploration experience and practical results of "Internet + nursing service" in Ningbo, and provided reference and reference for the advancement of this work.

12.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 968-972, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Compound Huangbai Liquid coating combined with Xiaochuang Mixture on wound healing, clinical symptoms and inflammatory response in patients with perianal abscess surgery; To evaluate the clinical efficacy.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. 120 patients after perianal abscess surgery in the hospital from August 2021 to August 2022 were selected as the observation subjects, and they were divided into three groups by the random number table method, with 40 cases in each group. On the basis of routine anti-infection therapy, external TCM application group was given Compound Huangbai Liquid coating, oral TCM administration group was given oral Xiaochuang Mixture, and combined treatment group was treated with Compound Huangbai Liquid coating + Xiaochuang Mixture. The three groups were continuously treated for 15 days. TCM symptoms scores and VAS score were performed on the 2nd day, 7th day and 15th day after surgery, and the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were detected by ELISA. The wound healing time and carrion shedding time of patients were observed and recorded, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The scores of perianal secretions, granulation morphology and surrounding tissue edema and score of VAS decreased in the three groups at 7 days and 15 days after surgery compared with those at 2 days after surgery ( P<0.01), and with the extension of time, the scores of perianal secretions, granulation morphology and surrounding tissue edema and VAS score from the aspects of time-point effect ( F=21.69, 134.65, 19.27, 73.15) and between-group effect ( F=7.99, 98.79, 8.68, 10.71) were declined ( P<0.01), and there was an interaction effect between the decline degree and the treatment method ( F=9.78, 59.52, 11.29, 22.48, P<0.01). The carrion shedding time [(4.63±1.31) d vs. (6.22±2.14) d, (6.17±2.09) d, F=9.16] and healing time [(27.76±3.46) d vs. (30.27±4.11) d, (31.48±4.23) d, F=9.24] were earlier in combined treatment group than those in the external TCM application group and oral TCM administration group ( P<0.01). Serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the three groups at 7 and 15 days after surgery were reduced compared with those at 2 days after surgery ( P<0.01), and with the extension of time, the levels of serum IL-6 and TNF-α in the three groups decreased from the aspects of time-point effect ( F=69.36, 38.76) and between-group effect ( F=21.81, 13.50) ( P<0.01), and there was an interaction effect between the decrease degree and treatment method ( F=28.46, 23.34, P<0.01). The total effective rate was 100.0% (40/40) in combined treatment group, 80.0% (32/40) in external TCM application group and 87.2% (34/39) in oral TCM administration group ( H=8.44, P=0.015). Conclusion:The combination of Compound Huangbai Liquid coating and Xiaochuang Mixture can reduce perianal secretions, improve granulation morphology, alleviate surrounding tissue edema and wound pain, promote wound healing, and reduce inflammatory response of patients with perianal abscess surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 650-657, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012273

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect and the influencing factors of ultrasound-indicated cerclage and history-indicated cerclage in singleton gestation. Methods: The clinical data of 272 singleton pregnant women with cervical incompetence who underwent McDonald cervical cerclage due to medical history indication (history-indicated group) or ultrasound indication (ultrasound-indicated group) in Peking University First Hospital from January 2010 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The general clinical data and maternal and fetal outcomes were compared between the history-indicated group (141 cases) and ultrasound-indicated group (131 cases). According to the gestational age at delivery, 272 pregnant women who underwent cervical cerclage were further divided into ≥34 weeks group (225 cases) and <34 weeks group (47 cases), and the influencing factors of preterm birth before 34 weeks of gestation were analyzed. Results: (1) The median gestational age at cerclage was 16.6 weeks in the history-indicated group and 23.4 weeks in the ultrasound-indicated group, and the median gestational age extension at delivery was 21.4 weeks and 14.7 weeks, respectively, with statistically significant differences between the two groups (all P<0.05). (2) The full-term birth rate was 76.6% (108/141) in the history-indicated group and 71.0% (93/131) in the ultrasound-indicated group, the live birth rate was 97.2% (137/141) and 97.7% (128/131), and the median birth weight of live birth was 3 155 g and 3 055 g, respectively. The differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). Among 272 pregnant women with cervical cerclage, 265 neonates survived (97.4%, 265/272). The gestational age of 7 pregnant women who did not have live birth was ≤25 weeks of gestation (range: 19+1-25 weeks), and they were all clinically infected or confirmed chorioamnionitis or pathogenic microorganisms carrying during pregnancy, and their families gave up. The minimum birth weight of the surviving neonate was 850 g (gestational week of delivery was 26+6 weeks). (3) Univariate analysis showed that compared with ≥34 weeks group, the body mass index (BMI) of pregnant women in <34 weeks group was higher at 6-7 weeks of gestation (median: 24.5 vs 25.4 kg/m2), shorter cervical length (CL) at 1-2 weeks after surgery [(31.1±8.4) vs (26.1±11.0) mm], shorter CL at 26-28 weeks of gestation after surgery (median: 26.3 vs 16.0 mm), and higher incidence of elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) before and after surgery and before delivery. The differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preterm birth before 34 weeks was negatively associated with CL at 26-28 weeks of gestation after cerclage (OR=0.902, 95%CI: 0.858-0.947; P<0.001), and was positively correlated with elevated CRP before delivery (OR=3.492, 95%CI: 1.652-7.381; P=0.001). There were no significant correlations between preterm birth and preoperative or postoperative CRP elevation, CL at 1-2 weeks after surgery, and BMI at 6-7 weeks of gestation (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Cervical cerclage for singleton pregnant women with cervical incompetence indicated by history or ultrasound both have good clinical efficacy, and there is no significant difference in maternal and fetal outcomes between the two groups. CL at 26-28 weeks of gestation and CRP before delivery are risk factors for preterm birth before 34 weeks of gestation after cervical cerclage.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Infant , Birth Weight , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Cerclage, Cervical
14.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 491-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005282

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe major depressive disorder has high prevalence among adolescents, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors frequently occur among patients, therefore, major depressive disorder in adolescents has become the researching focus. ObjectiveTo explore the effect of mentalization-based family therapy (MBFT) on depressive symptoms and NSSI behavior in adolescents with major depressive disorder, and to provide references for the rehabilitation of major depressive disorder in adolescents. MethodsA total of 90 adolescent patients with major depression disorder who met the diagnostic criteria of International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) for depressive disorders and attended Wuhan Mental Health Center from January to December 2022 were selected, and were assigned into study group (n=44) and control group (n=46) using random number table method. All participants received routine intervention, based on this, study group added a 60-minute MBFT intervention once a week for 8 weeks. Before the intervention and at the end of 1st, 2nd,4th and 8th week,the two groups were assessed using Hamilton Depression Scale-24 item (HAMD-24), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Ottawa Self-injury Inventory (OSI). ResultsThe repeated measures analysis of variance reported a statistical main effect of time, main effect of group, and interaction effect between time and group at the baseline and the end of 1st, 2nd, 4th and 8th week of treatment in HAMD-24 score (F=69.621, 15.428, 29.623, P˂0.05), OSI score (F=176.642, 37.682, 21.873, P˂0.05), GSES score (F=215.236, 57.421, 27.857, P˂0.05) and PSQI score (F=268.541, 61.863, 33.867, P˂0.05). Individual effect analysis discovered a statistical difference between study group and control group at the end of 2nd, 4th and 8th week of treatment in HAMD-24 score (t=5.567, 8.645, 6.233, P˂0.01), OSI score (t=3.675, 11.817, 9.632, P˂0.01), GSES score (t=23.462, 31.709, 12.750, P˂0.01) and PSQI score (t=9.664, 22.457, 9.333, P˂0.01). ConclusionMBFT may improve depressive symptoms, NSSI behavior, sleep quality and self-efficacy in adolescents with major depressive disorder. [Funded by 2022 Natural Science Foundation Project of Hubei Province (number, 2022CFB483)]

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 54-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973745

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the mechanism of Yitangkang in correcting excessive apoptosis of skeletal muscle cells to improve insulin resistance (IR) by inhibiting the advanced glycation end product (AGE)/receptor for the advanced glycation end product (RAGE) signaling pathway. Method① In vitro experiments. Yitangkang-medicated serum was prepared. C2C12 cells were divided into a blank group, a model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose Yitangkang-medicated serum groups (40, 20, and 10 g·kg-1), and a RAGE inhibitor group. The IR model was induced by palmitic acid in C2C12 cells except for those in the blank group. After the corresponding intervention methods were conducted,the cell viability and glucose consumption level of each group were determined. In addition,the apoptosis rate was determined using flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of the important apoptotic proteins [B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), p53, cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (Caspase-3), and cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-9 (Caspase-9)] were determined using Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ② In vivo experiments. Ninety-six eligible Wistar rats were divided into a blank group, a model group, high-,medium-,and low-dose Yitangkang groups (40, 20, and 10 g·kg-1), and a western medicine group (pioglitazone hydrochloride,1.35 mg·kg-1). The IR model was induced using high-glucose and high-fat feed for diabetes combined with intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) in animals and verified by the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (HEC) test. After the model was determined successfully, the rats in each group were given intragastric administration of drugs as required. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to determine the number of positive apoptotic cells in the skeletal muscle tissues of rats in each group,while Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) and Western blot were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of the important apoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Bax, p53, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9. Result① In vitro experiments. compared with the blank group, the model groups showed increased apoptosis rate of C2C12 cells and decreased cell viability and glucose consumption (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Yitangkang-medicated serum groups and the RAGE inhibitor group showed decreased apoptosis rate of C2C12 cells and increased cell viability and glucose consumption (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the model group showed decreased expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in C2C12 cells and increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Bax, p53, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Yitangkang-medicated serum groups and the RAGE inhibitor group showed increased expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in C2C12 cells (P<0.01) and decreased mRNA and protein expression levels of Bax, p53, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ② In vivo experiments. The number of positive apoptotic cells in the skeletal muscle tissues of rats in the model group significantly increased as compared with that in the blank group (P<0.01). The number of positive apoptotic cells in the skeletal muscle tissues of rats in the Yitangkang groups and the western medicine group decreased as compared with that in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the model group showed decreased expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in skeletal muscle tissues of rats and increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Bax, p53, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Yitangkang groups and the western medicine group showed increased expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in skeletal muscle tissues of rats (P<0.01) and decreased mRNA and protein expression levels of Bax, p53, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 (P<0.05, P<0.01). The medium-dose Yitangkang showed a similar effect as RAGE inhibitor, and the effect was equivalent to that of pioglitazone hydrochloride. ConclusionYitangkang can inhibit skeletal muscle cell apoptosis by inhibiting the AGE/RAGE signaling pathway.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1648-1659, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982797

ABSTRACT

Peptides are increasingly important resources for biological and therapeutic development, however, their intrinsic susceptibility to proteolytic degradation represents a big hurdle. As a natural agonist for GLP-1R, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is of significant clinical interest for the treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus, but its in vivo instability and short half-life have largely prevented its therapeutic application. Here, we describe the rational design of a series of α/sulfono-γ-AA peptide hybrid analogues of GLP-1 as the GLP-1R agonists. Certain GLP-1 hybrid analogues exhibited enhanced stability (t 1/2 > 14 days) compared to t 1/2 (<1 day) of GLP-1 in the blood plasma and in vivo. These newly developed peptide hybrids may be viable alternative of semaglutide for type-2 diabetes treatment. Additionally, our findings suggest that sulfono-γ-AA residues could be adopted to substitute canonical amino acids residues to improve the pharmacological activity of peptide-based drugs.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1145-1150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985441

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the patterns of health risk behaviors among secondary school students in Shanghai, so as to provide a basis for implementing targeted interventions.@*Methods@#From May to June 2021, 21 junior high schools, regular high schools and secondary vocational schools were selected from Shanghai, and the occurrence of dangerous health behaviors of 6 092 students were investigated in the form of self-filled questionnaires. The clustering analysis of the sample was performed by Ward s departure and peace method.@*Results@#Three types of clustering characteristics were found in this study: being bullied, depression (64.9%), loneliness (48.2%), and insomnia (42.4%) in the high-risk group (1 004, 16.5%); excessive video games (53.1%) and sugary drinks (89.3%) and fried food intake (79.0%) in the medium-risk group (1 585, 26.0%); the low-risk group (3 503, 57.5%) was characterized by extremely low alcohol consumption (0) and smoking (0.4%). The reporting rate on sugary beverage intake, fried food intake, physical activity, malicious teased, solicited, isolated/intentionally excluded, outside the group activities, threatened, kicked/hit/pushed/locked in house, smoking, unhealthy weight loss, playing video game overtime were statistically significant among the three groups ( χ 2=36.74, 41.85, 30.07, 652.68, 334.40, 669.89, 358.84, 233.12, 101.46, 88.45, 230.15, P <0.01) .The difference in reporting rates of loneliness, depression, insomnia and drinking were significant among the three groups (Fisher s test, P <0.01). The majority of junior high school students, general high school students and girls in the high-risk group; boys, general high school students and junior high school students in the excessive video game and unhealthy diet group.@*Conclusion@#There are clusters of health-related risk behaviors among secondary school students in Shanghai, focusing on two major aspects: poor lifestyle and mental health. Targeted interventions should be implemented according to the characteristics of health-related risk behaviors clustering to enhance the intervention effect.

18.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1759-1762, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984528

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a novel iron-dependent mode of programmed cell death characterized by iron deposition and accumulation of lipid peroxidation. More and more studies have found that ferroptosis is closely related to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The yin-fire theory is an important part of LI Gao's spleen-stomach theory, and it is believed that qi-fire imblance and yin-fire internal generation is the main pathogenesis of T2DM. Abnormal iron metabolism may be an important prerequisite for T2DM yin-fire internal generation, while oxidative stress is the specific manifestation of T2DM qi-fire imbalance. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the end product of qi-fire imbalance, and lipid peroxide is the pathological products of T2DM yin-fire internal generation. This study intends to explore the pathological mechanism of qi-fire imbalance and yin-fire internal generation from the perspectives of iron metabolism, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, enriching the modern connotation of yin-fire theory, and benefiting traditional Chinese medicine to target against ferroptosis, and prevent and treat T2DM precisely.

19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 452-456, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a simple and rapid qualitative and quantitative detection method of dexmedetomidine in blood.@*METHODS@#Blood was separated on the Allure PFP Propyl liquid chromatography column with isocratic elution after it was precipitated by acetonitrile and filtered. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of dexmedetomidine was performed using positive ion scan mode and multi-reaction monitoring mode.@*RESULTS@#The limit of detection of dexmedetomidine in blood was 0.2 ng/mL and the limit of quantification was 0.5 ng/mL. The linearity of the method was good in the range of 0.5-1 000 ng/mL, and the correlation coefficient was greater than 0.99. The accuracy of the method was 90.34%-112.67% and the extraction recovery was 50.05%-91.08%, with no significant matrix effect.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This method is simple, selective and suitable for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of dexmedetomidine in blood, which can provide a reference for drug-facilitated cases involving dexmedetomidine.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Dexmedetomidine/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, Liquid/methods
20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 406-416, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009373

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the types and quantities of fentanyl analogs have increased rapidly. It has become a hotspot in the illicit drug control field of how to quickly identify novel fentanyl analogs and to shorten the blank regulatory period. At present, the identification methods of fentanyl analogs that have been developed mostly rely on reference materials to target fentanyl analogs or their metabolites with known chemical structures, but these methods face challenges when analyzing new compounds with unknown structures. In recent years, emerging machine learning technology can quickly and automatically extract valuable features from massive data, which provides inspiration for the non-targeted screening of fentanyl analogs. For example, the wide application of instruments like Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, high resolution mass spectrometry, and other instruments can maximize the mining of the characteristic data related to fentanyl analogs in samples. Combining this data with an appropriate machine learning model, researchers may create a variety of high-performance non-targeted fentanyl identification methods. This paper reviews the recent research on the application of machine learning assisted non-targeted screening strategy for the identification of fentanyl analogs, and looks forward to the future development trend in this field.


Subject(s)
Fentanyl , Substance Abuse Detection/methods , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Illicit Drugs/analysis
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