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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 534-541, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970490

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the mechanism of Danggui Shaoyao Powder(DSP) against mitophagy in rat model of Alzheimer's disease(AD) induced by streptozotocin(STZ) based on PTEN induced putative kinase 1(PINK1)-Parkin signaling pathway. The AD rat model was established by injecting STZ into the lateral ventricle, and the rats were divided into normal group, model group, DSP low-dose group(12 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), DSP medium-dose group(24 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and DSP high-dose group(36 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)). Morris water maze test was used to detect the learning and memory function of the rats, and transmission electron microscopy and immunofluorescence were employed to detect mitophagy. The protein expression levels of PINK1, Parkin, LC3BⅠ/LC3BⅡ, and p62 were assayed by Western blot. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed a significant decrease in the learning and memory function(P<0.01), reduced protein expression of PINK1 and Parkin(P<0.05), increased protein expression of LC3BⅠ/LC3BⅡ and p62(P<0.05), and decreased occurrence of mitophagy(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the DSP medium-and high-dose groups notably improved the learning and memory ability of AD rats, which mainly manifested as shortened escape latency, leng-thened time in target quadrants and elevated number of crossing the platform(P<0.05 or P<0.01), remarkably activated mitophagy(P<0.05), up-regulated the protein expression of PINK1 and Parkin, and down-regulated the protein expression of LC3BⅠ/LC3BⅡ and p62(P<0.05 or P<0.01). These results demonstrated that DSP might promote mitophagy mediated by PINK1-Parkin pathway to remove damaged mitochondria and improve mitochondrial function, thereby exerting a neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Mitophagy , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Powders , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 419-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965896

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the longitudinal association of plasma Irisin concentrations with changes in blood pressure (BP) levels among children,and to assess the moderating effect of physical activity (PA) or sedentary behavior (SB) on the relationship between Irisin levels and BP.@*Methods@#Based on a cohort study, a cluster sampling method was used to select 3 651 school aged children from five schools in Guangzhou in 2017 at the baseline survey and follow up in 2019. Both at baseline and during follow up, PA and SB were assessed by validated questionnaires, and BP levels were measured by an electronic sphygmomanometer. A final sample of 521 children were enrolled based on the PA and SB at baseline. Plasma Irisin concentrations were measured by ELISA at baseline. Logistic regression analysis was recruited for exploring the associations of plasma Irisin concentrations with changes in BP. Moderating effects of PA and SB on the relationship between Irisin concentrations and BP were estimated using stratified analysis.@*Results@#Logistic regression analysis indicated that there was no significant association between Irisin concentrations and changes in BP levels among children ( OR =0.98, P >0.05). After stratification for SB, Irisin levels in the low SB subgroup were inversely associated with changes in diastolic blood pressure ( OR=0.87, 95%CI=0.77-0.98, P =0.02). In addition, SB level had a moderating effect on the relationship between Irisin levels and the DBP changes ( P =0.01).@*Conclusion@#Increased Irisin concentration is associated with the decrease of DBP level among low SB children. Furthermore, SB level shows moderating role in the relationship between Irisin concentrations and changes in DBP levels.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1627-1633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987880

ABSTRACT

AIM: To scrutinize the role of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT)of lens epithelial cells under hypoxic conditions, and to further analyze the effect of Dickkopf-1(DKK-1)expression on EMT of lens epithelial cells.METHODS: Human lens epithelial cells(HLEB3 cells)were propagated in vitro and then separated into two groups: one exposed to standard oxygen levels, added DMEM culture solution containing 10% FBS(normoxic group)and another subjected to low oxygen levels(hypoxic group). The hypoxic condition was emulated by applying a concentration of 100 μmol/L cobalt chloride(CoCl2)for 6, 12, 24, and 48h. The utilization of immunofluorescence staining enabled the detection of Wnt3a and DKK-1 expressions, along with the expression and localization of β-catenin protein in these groups. The expression of DKK-1 mRNA was discerned by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).RESULTS: Immunofluorescence assays indicated an escalating trend in the Wnt3a and DKK-1 protein expression, which corresponded with the increasing duration of hypoxia. Likewise, an intensified nuclear accumulation of β-catenin protein was observed to be directly proportional to the length of hypoxia treatment. The qRT-PCR demonstrated that the difference in DKK-1 mRNA expression between the normoxic group and the group exposed to hypoxia for 6h was not statistically significant(P&#x003E;0.05), whereas the DKK-1 mRNA expression of the 12, 24, and 48h hypoxia groups were significantly increased(P&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION: Hypoxia can activate Wnt/β-catenin pathway in lens epithelial cells and induce the expression of DKK-1, thus regulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and affecting the EMT process.

4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 368-377, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985660

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF) jointly generate chemo-resistance in epithelial-ovarian cancer and their effect on prognosis. Methods: A total of 119 patients with high-grade ovarian serous cancer who received surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2009 to October 2017 were collected. The clinico-pathological data and follow-up data were complete. Multivariate Cox regression model was used to analyze the prognostic factors. Ovarian cancer tissue chips of patients in our hospital were prepared. EnVision two-step method immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression levels of STAT3, the specific markers of CAF activation, fibroblast activating protein (FAP), and type Ⅰ collagen (COL1A1) secreted by CAF. The relationship between the expression of STAT3, FAP, COL1A1 protein and drug resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer patients was analyzed, and the correlation between the expression of three proteins was analyzed. These results were verified through the gene expression and prognostic information of human ovarian cancer tissues collected in the GSE26712 dataset of gene expression omnibus (GEO) database. Results: (1) Multivariate Cox regression model analysis showed that chemotherapy resistance was an independent risk factor for overall survival (OS) of ovarian cancer (P<0.001). (2) The expression levels of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 proteins in chemotherapy resistant patients were significantly higher than those in chemotherapy sensitive patients (all P<0.05). Patients with high expression of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 had significantly shorter OS than those with low expression (all P<0.05). According to the human ovarian cancer GSE26712 dataset of GEO database, patients with high expression of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 also showed shorter OS than patients with low expression (all P<0.05), the verification results were consistent with the detection results of ovarian cancer patients in our hospital. (3) Correlation analysis showed that the protein level of STAT3 was positively correlated with FAP and COL1A1 in our hospital's ovarian cancer tissue chips (r=0.47, P<0.001; r=0.30, P=0.006), the analysis of GEO database GSE26712 dataset showed that the expression of STAT3 gene and FAP, COL1A1 gene were also significantly positively correlated (r=0.31, P<0.001; r=0.52, P<0.001). Conclusion: STAT3 and CAF could promote chemotherapy resistance of ovarian cancer and lead to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/pathology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 793-800, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985474

ABSTRACT

Choline is an essential nutrient that plays an integral role in all stages of the life cycle, with increasing interest in the relationship between choline and neurodevelopment. Choline is a major component in the synthesis of phospholipids, phosphatidylcholine and sphingolipids, and is an essential nutrient for methyl metabolism, acetylcholine synthesis and cell signaling. Choline plays an important role in neurogenesis and neural migration during fetal development, potentially influencing the development and prognosis of neurological disorders, but its mechanism of action is not yet clear. This article reviews the source and metabolism of choline, the effects and mechanism of choline on neurodevelopment and central nervous system related disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Choline/metabolism , Phosphatidylcholines/metabolism , Central Nervous System/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 645-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the protective effect of melatonin (Mel) against oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) in neonatal mice and the role of the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis.@*METHODS@#Neonatal C57BL/6J mice, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a control group, a model group (OIR group), and a Mel treatment group (OIR+Mel group), with 9 mice in each group. The hyperoxia induction method was used to establish a model of OIR. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and retinal flat-mount preparation were used to observe retinal structure and neovascularization. Immunofluorescent staining was used to measure the expression of proteins and inflammatory factors associated with the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis and lymphocyte antigen 6G. Colorimetry was used to measure the activity of myeloperoxidase.@*RESULTS@#The OIR group had destruction of retinal structure with a large perfusion-free area and neovascularization, while the OIR+Mel group had improvement in destruction of retinal structure with reductions in neovascularization and perfusion-free area. Compared with the control group, the OIR group had significant increases in the expression of proteins and inflammatory factors associated with the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis, the expression of lymphocyte antigen 6G, and the activity of myeloperoxidase (P<0.05). Compared with the OIR group, the OIR+Mel group had significant reductions in the above indices (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the OIR group had significant reductions in the expression of melatonin receptors in the retina (P<0.05). Compared with the OIR group, the OIR+Mel group had significant increases in the expression of melatonin receptors (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mel can alleviate OIR-induced retinal damage in neonatal mice by inhibiting the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis and may exert an effect through the melatonin receptor pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , HMGB1 Protein , Melatonin/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Oxygen/adverse effects , Peroxidase , Receptors, Melatonin , Retinal Diseases/drug therapy
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 339-344, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981949

ABSTRACT

The process of semen collection plays a key role in the quality of semen specimens. However, the association between semen collection time and semen quality is still unclear. In this study, ejaculates by masturbation from 746 subfertile men or healthy men who underwent semen analysis were examined. The median (interquartile range) semen collection time for all participants was 7.0 (5.0-11.0) min, and the median time taken for semen collection was lower in healthy men than that in subfertile men (6.0 min vs 7.0 min). An increase in the time required to produce semen samples was associated with poorer semen quality. Among those undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART), the miscarriage rate was positively correlated with the semen collection time. After adjusting for confounders, the highest quartile (Q4) of collection time was negatively associated with semen volume and sperm concentration. A longer time to produce semen samples (Q3 and Q4) was negatively correlated with progressive and total sperm motility. In addition, there was a significant negative linear association between the semen collection time and the sperm morphology. Higher risks of asthenozoospermia (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-3.25, P = 0.002) and teratozoospermia (adjusted OR = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.10-3.55, P = 0.02) were observed in Q3 than those in Q1. Our results indicate that a higher risk of abnormal semen parameter values was associated with an increase in time for semen collection, which may be related to male fertility through its association with semen quality.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Semen Analysis , Semen , Sperm Motility , Sperm Count , Asthenozoospermia , Spermatozoa
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2530-2537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981329

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to observe the effect of terpinen-4-ol(T4O) on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) exposed to high glucose(HG) and reveal the mechanism via the Krüppel-like factor 4(KLF4)/nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB) signaling pathway. The VSMCs were first incubated with T4O for 2 h and then cultured with HG for 48 h to establish the model of inflammatory injury. The proliferation, cell cycle, and migration rate of VSMCs were examined by MTT method, flow cytometry, and wound healing assay, respectively. The content of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin(IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) in the supernatant of VSMCs was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA), Cyclin D1, KLF4, NF-κB p-p65/NF-κB p65, IL-1β, and IL-18. The KLF4 expression in VSMCs was silenced by the siRNA technology, and then the effects of T4O on the cell cycle and protein expression of the HG-induced VSMCs were observed. The results showed that different doses of T4O inhibited the HG-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs, increased the percentage of cells in G_1 phase, and decreased the percentage of cells in S phase, and down-regulated the protein levels of PCNA and Cyclin D1. In addition, T4O reduced the HG-induced secretion and release of the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α and down-regulated the expression of KLF4, NF-κB p-p65/NF-κB p65, IL-1β, and IL-18. Compared with si-NC+HG, siKLF4+HG increased the percentage of cells in G_1 phase, decreased the percentage of cells in S phase, down-regulated the expression of PCNA, Cyclin D1, and KLF4, and inhibited the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Notably, the combination of silencing KLF4 with T4O treatment further promoted the changes in the above indicators. The results indicate that T4O may inhibit the HG-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs by down-regulating the level of KLF4 and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
NF-kappa B/metabolism , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/genetics , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Proliferation , Signal Transduction , Cytokines/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism
9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 517-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Current clinical evidence on the effects of home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) on improving blood pressure control comes entirely from developed countries. Thus, we performed this randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether HBPT plus support (patient education and clinician remote hypertension management) improves blood pressure control more than usual care (UC) in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#This single-center, randomized controlled study was conducted in Beijing, China. Patients aged 30-75 years were eligible for enrolment if they had blood pressure [systolic (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg; or SBP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 80 mmHg with diabetes]. We recruited 190 patients randomized to either the HBPT or the UC groups for 12 weeks. The primary endpoints were blood pressure reduction and the proportion of patients achieving the target blood pressure.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 172 patients completed the study, the HBPT plus support group ( n = 84), and the UC group ( n = 88). Patients in the plus support group showed a greater reduction in mean ambulatory blood pressure than those in the UC group. The plus support group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved the target blood pressure and maintained a dipper blood pressure pattern at the 12th week of follow-up. Additionally, the patients in the plus support group showed lower blood pressure variability and higher drug adherence than those in the UC group.@*CONCLUSION@#HBPT plus additional support results in greater blood pressure reduction, better blood pressure control, a higher proportion of dipper blood pressure patterns, lower blood pressure variability, and higher drug adherence than UC. The development of telemedicine may be the cornerstone of hypertension management in primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Hypotension
10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 672-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of non-valvular paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (NVPAF) with cerebral ischemic stroke(CIS) and analyze NVPAF by using left atrial automatic imaging (AFILA). Logistic regression model was established for left atrial(LA) function parameters.Methods:A total of 205 patients with NVPAF were included in the study and divided into the NVPAF group without ischemic stroke (154 patients) and the CIS group (51 patients). The clinical baseline data, blood biochemical results and AFILA ultrasound data of all patients were collected. Univariate analysis was performed to compare the above data between the two groups of patients. The independent risk factors were obtained by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Logistic regression model was compared with CHA2DS2-VASc scoring system in terms of area under ROC curve, sensitivity and specificity.Results:There were significant differences in age, CHA2DS2-VASc score, taking anticoagulant drugs, history of hypertension, diabetes and coronary heart disease, LAEF, S_R, S_CT, WBC, NEUT, HCY, UREA, NDD, NT-proBNP, Fibrinogen(Fib), Cardiac troponin I(cTnI) and NLR between the two groups (all P<0.05). The results of multifactor analysis showed that: age, hypertension, S_ CT, UREA, NLR, Fib and cTnI were independent risk factors associated with CIS in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation[ OR value: 1.608 ( P=0.003), 3.821 ( P=0.019), 1.259 ( P=0.001), 1.326( P=0.001), 1.352 ( P=0.011), 1.502 ( P=0.042), 7.651( P=0.001)]. After adjusting for the age, sex and history of hypertension included in CHA2DS2-VASc score, S_CT significantly led to NVPAF complicated with stroke[ OR value 1.259 (1.095-1.447), P=0.001]. The diagnostic efficacy of Logistic regression model is better than that of CHA2DS2-VASc scoring (AUC of 0.931 vs 0.717, 95% CI: 0.896-0.967 vs 0.634-0.799, sensitivity of 0.883 vs 0.755, specificity of 0.849 vs 0.713, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Age, hypertension, S_CT, UREA, NLR, fibrinogen, cTnI are independently associated risk factors for patients with combined CIS; The diagnostic efficacy of Logistic regression model is better than that of CHA2DS2-VASc scoring model.And the sensitivity and specificity are high.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 519-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984752

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of troxatabine in advanced or relapsed malignant tumors resistant to standard therapy in China. Methods: This is a phase Ⅰ prospective study. During dose escalation, patients in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences received a single-dose intravenous infusion of troxacitabine. The planned dosing groups were 1.8, 3.6, 4.8, 6.4 and 8.0 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks. The data of all patients were collected for safety analyses. Safety and tolerability were evaluated by monitoring adverse events. Results: Nineteen patients were enrolled from April 2018 to May 2019. The major adverse events were fatigue (89.5%, 17/19), leukopenia (84.2%, 16/19) and neutropenia (78.9%, 15/19). The dose limiting toxicity was neutropenia. The maximum tolerated dose was 6.4 mg/m(2). The best effect was stable disease (43.8%). The half-life of elimination phase from 15.91 hours to 76.63 hours in each dose group. Conclusions: The toxicity of troxacitabine is well tolerant. We recommend that the dose for Phase Ⅱ clinical trial should be 6.4 mg/m(2).


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Maximum Tolerated Dose , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neutropenia/chemically induced , Prospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1641-1644, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998792

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between isochronous substitution and BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat rate (FAT) among physical activity (PA), sedentary (SB), and sleep (SLP), so as to provide effective measures for obesity control in adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 193 adolescents aged 12-15 (90 males and 103 females) was randomly selected, and their height, weight, and BMI were measured using routine testing methods from May to August 2022. The PA, SB and SLP of the participants were measured using a 3D accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X+).@*Results@#The arithmetic mean value overestimated SLP (40.8%) and SB (39.6%) to some extent, and underestimated LPA (16.1%) and MVPA (3.5%) to some extent. Based on the ISM at 15 min, MVPA was substituted for other activity, BMI Z decreased by 0.17-0.22 units, WC Z decreased by 0.16-0.20 units, and FAT Z decreased by 0.17-0.22 units. The substitution between MVPA and for other activity exhibited significant asymmetry. The effects of MVPA substitutions for SB was the largest, followed by the effects of MVPA substitutions for SLP, and the effects of MVPA substitutions for LPA was the lowest. As MVPA substitutions for other behaviors, it reached its maximum (0.06-0.08 units ) when the MVPA time increased by 5 minutes.@*Conclusions@#MVPA plays an irreplaceable role in the control of adolescent obesity . While reducing SB time, MVPA duration should be increased to ensure that the daily MVPA duration is not less than 55 minutes in order to effectively control obesity.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 118-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) using Aspirex device for treating acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (IFDVT).Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 68 patients with IFDVT at our institution from Jan 2019 to Jun 2021 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:Twenty-six patients who had received PMT combined with auxiliary catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) were included into group A, and 42 patients received CDT alone were into group B.The final thrombus clearance rates were more than 50%, and the clinical efficacy of thrombolysis was achieved. Group A associated a significant reduction in lysis duration and UK dosage and hospital days and degree of detumescence after 24 h compared with group B,and all aforementioned differences were statistically significant. Hospitalization costs in group A were more than group B. At one year follow-up, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the cumulative prevalence post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and the Villalta score and primary patency (92.0% vs. 90.0% , χ2=0.059, P=0.807). Conclusions:The application of PMT using the Aspirex device for acute IFDVT was safe and effective, which could accelerate the clearance of thrombus, and reduce UK dosage, lysis duration, hospital days. However, it increased the hospitalization costs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 316-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935802

ABSTRACT

Arsenic is a non-metallic element, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer has identified arsenic and its compounds as carcinogens. Arsenic and its compounds can be absorbed through the respiratory tract, skin and digestive tract, distributed in the liver, kidney, lung and skin, and cause damage. Non-coding RNAs are closely related to arsenic-induced nervous system disorders, cell necrosis, reproductive toxicity, and carcinogenesis. In recent years, the network regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) , long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) , and circular RNAs (circRNAs) among non-coding RNAs in various diseases induced by arsenic has become a new research field. This paper summarizes the existing scientific research results, and expounds the mechanism of miRNAs, lncRNAs and circRNAs in arsenic toxicity, and provides basic data and theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of arsenic poisoning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arsenic/toxicity , Arsenic Poisoning , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1787-1792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934966

ABSTRACT

Micheliolide is a kind of guaiacane sesquiterpene lactone from natural plants. It distributs in the root bark of Cephalantheropsis gracilis and Michelia compressa . Modern pharmacological studies show that ,micheliolide can play an anti-tumor role by inhibiting the proliferation of tumor cells ,regulating the apoptosis of tumor cells ,inducing autophagy of tumor cells ,and inhibiting invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. It can reduce the expression of inflammatory cytokines by regulating several related signaling pathways ,such as nuclear factor κB and phosphatidylinositol-3-hydroxykinase/protein kinase B ;it can play an immunomodulatory role by restoring the expression of immune-related factors in the body ;it can play a neuroprotective effect by reducing the accumulation of amyloid β-protein and inhibiting microglial activation ;it can play a liver protective role by reducing the inflammatory response and steatosis of hepatocytes ;its nephroprotective mechanism is related to the relief of the inflammatory response by regulating multiple pathways ;the mechanisms of its cardioprotective action include alleviating the inflammatory response and reducing the level of oxidative stress ,etc. In conclusion ,micheliolide is a compound of great development value.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 321-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of splenic lymphocytes isolated from mouse models of colorectal carcinoma with liver metastases induced by oncolytic herpes simplex virus type Ⅱ(oHSV2) on the growth of pulmonary metastases of colorectal carcinoma.Methods:A total of 18 6-week-old BALB/c female mice were selected, colorectal carcinoma cell line CT26 of mice in logarithmic phase was inoculated at the right back (2×10 5 per mouse) and spleen (1×10 5 per mouse) of mice, and tumor cells had hematogenous metastasis to liver through splenic vein. CT26 colorectal carcinoma with liver metastases model was constructed. All mice were respectively divided into oHSV2 group and phosphatic buffered saline (PBS) group, 9 mice in each group according to the random number table method. Mice in oHSV2 group were treated with subcutaneous intratumoral multi-point injection of 100 μl oHSV2 (the multiplicity of infection was 1) for 6 cycles, while mice in PBS group were treated with subcutaneous intratumoral multi-point injection of 100 μl PBS for 6 cycles in total, once injection every other day; the survival of mice was analyzed by using Kaplan-Meier method and tumor growth was observed. The mice of both groups in mouse models of colorectal carcinoma with liver metastases were killed on day 20 and their splenic lymphocytes were isolated. After investigation of the most suitable inoculation number and the optimal observation time of colorectal carcinoma with pulmonary metastases CT26 cell lines, 9 6-week-old BALB/c female mice were divided into the experimental group, the negative control group and the blank control group according to the random number table method, with 3 mice in each group. Mice in the experimental group were injected with splenic lymphocytes (4×10 7 per mouse) and CT26 cells (2×10 5 per mouse) isolated from mouse models induced by oHSV2 via the tail vein, mice in the negative control group were injected with splenic lymphocytes (4×10 7 per mouse) and CT26 cells (2×10 5 per mouse) isolated from normal mice with same weeks old via the tail vein, and mice in the blank control group were injected with only CT26 cells (2×10 5 per mouse) via the tail vein. The above 3 groups were executed on day 10 after inoculation, and tumor growth, histopathological changes of mice were also observed; the survival of mice was analyzed by using Kaplan-Meier method. Results:In models of colorectal carcinoma with liver metastases, liver metastases lesions were not detected in 7 mice and 2 mice had 1-2 liver metastases lesions with long diameter less than 2 mm of oHSV2 group; in PBS group, 9 mice all had multiple liver metastases lesions with tumor long diameter ranging from 1 to 10 mm. And mice in oHSV2 group survived much longer than that of mice in PBS group ( P < 0.001). In models of pulmonary metastases, the optimal number of CT26 cells in mouse tail vein was 2×10 5 per mouse; the best observation time point was day 10 after tail vein injection. On day 24 after inoculation, all mice in the negative control group and the blank control group died, while mice in the experimental group all survived on day 60, and the difference of the overall survival in the above 3 groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.007). HE staining results showed that the lung tissues of the experimental group did not show clear tumor cells, whereas the lung tissues of the negative control group and the blank control group showed extensive diffuse tumor cells. Conclusions:Splenic lymphocytes produced by oHSV2 induction in mouse models of colorectal carcinoma with liver metastases can effectively inhibit the development of pulmonary metastases in colorectal carcinoma CT26 cell of mice.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1603-1610, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928090

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the mechanism of baicalin on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)/interferon γ(IFN-γ)-induced inflammatory microglia based on the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2(TREM2)/Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB) pathway. Specifically, LPS and IFN-γ were used to induce inflammation in mouse microglia BV2 cells. Then the normal group, model group, low-dose(5 μmol·L~(-1)) baicalin group, medium-dose(10 μmol·L~(-1)) baicalin group, high-dose(20 μmol·L~(-1)) baicalin group, and minocycline(10 μmol·L~(-1)) group were designed. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay and cell morphology was observed under bright field. The expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-4(IL-4), inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and arginase-1(Arg-1) mRNA was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, the protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), IL-1β, TREM2, TLR4, inhibitor kappaB-alpha(IκBα), p-IκBα, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 by Western blot, and transfer of NF-κB p65 from cytoplasm to nucleus by cellular immunofluorescence. Compared with the normal group, most of the BV2 cells in the model group tended to demonstrate the pro-inflammatory M1 amoeba morphology, and the model group showed significant increase in the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and iNOS, decrease in the mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-10, and Arg-1(P<0.01), rise of the protein expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, TLR4, p-IκBα, and p-NF-κB p65(P<0.01), reduction in TREM2 protein expression, and increase in the expression of NF-κB p65 in nucleus. Compared with the model group, baicalin groups and minocycline group showed the recovery of BV2 cell morphology, significant decrease in the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and iNOS, increase in the mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-10, and Arg-1(P<0.01), reduction in the protein expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, TLR4, p-IκBα, and p-NF-κB p65(P<0.05), rise of TREM2 protein expression, and decrease in the expression of NF-κB p65 in nucleus. In summary, these results suggest that baicalin can regulate the imbalance between TREM2 and TLR4 of microglia and inhibit the activation of downstream NF-κB, thus promoting the polarization of microglia from pro-inflammatory phenotype to anti-inflammatory phenotype.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Flavonoids , Inflammation/genetics , Interferon-gamma , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 822-826, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923420

ABSTRACT

@#In clinical practice, many macular diseases in advanced stages such as age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)and Stargardt disease are manifested reduced visual acuity, unstable and even paracentral fixation resulting from the central scotoma followed by the scarring of neovascular fibres or the impairment of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium, which cause great distress to patients' life, work and psychology. For a long time, there have been limited rehabilitation treatments for such patients. However, recent articles have indicated that biofeedback training by using microperimetry is expected to enhance neurosensory adaptation by achieving cortical plasticity, and makes better use of residual retinal function to help those with low vision associated with central scotoma consolidate or establish stable central or paracentral fixation, thereby improving visual function including visual acuity and reading speed. In order to improve the understanding of this rehabilitation therapy, this article will overview the mechanism and protocol of microperimetric biofeedback training(MBFT), the selection of the preferred retinal locus, the clinical application in macular diseases and its prospects.

19.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 450-456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical characteristics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or other comorbidities.Methods:In this cross sectional study, a total of 2 090 patients with confirmed COPD which came from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from August 2017 to October 2021 were included to investigate the prevalence of comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, metabolic diseases and osteoporosis) and clinical characteristics. All subjects underwent overnight polysomnography, clinical symptom questionnaire and sleep questionnaire. The data of baseline, blood biochemistry, arterial blood gas, lung function, sleep questionnaire, sleep monitoring and other indicators were compared between group with COPD only and with COPD and OSA.Results:55.84% of COPD patients (1 167/2 090) with OSA were included in the study. By analyzing the prevalence of comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, metabolic diseases and osteoporosis), this study found that only the prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in the group with COPD and OSA ( P<0.01) when compared with the COPD only group (35.2%). As the severity of OSA increased in COPD patients, the incidence of hypertension increased. The prevalence of hypertension was 35.2%, 37.5%, 44.9%, 53.2% in non-OSA, mild, moderate, and severe OSA patients, respectively. By binary logistic regression analysis, the BMI ( OR=1.067, 95% CI: 1.043-1.091, P<0.01) , neck circumference ( OR=1.019, 95% CI: 1.002-1.036, P<0.05), smoking history ( OR=1.345, 95% CI: 1.028-1.760, P<0.05), hypertension ( OR=1.249, 95% CI: 1.024-1.522, P<0.05) were regarded as independent risk factors for patients with COPD and OSA. Conclusions:COPD patients have a high rate of OSA. In clinical practice, greater emphasis on primary/secondary prevention should be paid to COPD patients with OSA and hypertension. The management and intervention of OSA and hypertension may improve the prognosis of CODP patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 695-697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957028

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent anatomical hepatectomy at the Affiliated Huaian No.1 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from June 2021 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 4 patients, there were 3 males and 1 female, aged (52.0±3.7) years. These patient underwent anatomical hepatectomy using the " target territory hepatic artery dye-injection" method. There were 2 patients with right hemi liver tumors with portal vein tumor thrombus, and 1 patient with a right anterior section tumor which involved the ventral segment of right anterior branch of portal vein. One patient had a left hemi liver tumor with portal vein tumor thrombus. The surgical operations were right hemihepatectomy combined with thrombectomy of portal vein in 2 patients, right anterior sectionectomy in 1 patient, and left hemihepatectomy combined with thrombectomy of portal vein in 1 patient. There were no postoperative complications including bile fistula or bleeding. The "Target territory hepatic artery dye-injection" method could be used in appropriate by selected patients.

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