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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 240-247, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005274

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is a common malignant tumor in the digestive system, ranking third in incidence and second in the cause of death worldwide. In recent years, the incidence of colorectal cancer is on the rise, and the age of patients with colorectal cancer tends to be younger, with a heavy cancer burden. It is of great significance to prevent the occurrence, development, recurrence, and metastasis of colorectal cancer to reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer. Patriniae Herba has the effects of clearing heat, removing toxins, eliminating carbuncle, and discharging pus and shows good therapeutic efficacy on inflammatory bowel disease, digestive tract tumors, pelvic inflammation, gynecological tumor, and so on. Patriniae Herba is often used in the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer, but its mechanism of action is not clear. Modern studies have found that Patriniae Herba contains triterpenoids, saponins, iridoids, flavonoids, and other chemical components, with antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, and other pharmacological effects. The main anti-tumor components of Patriniae Herba are flavonoids. The analysis of network pharmacology and the spectrum-effect relationship has suggested that quercetin, luteolin, apigenin, isoorientin, and isovitexin play a major role in inhibiting the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that flavonoids in Patriniae Herba can play an anti-tumor role in various ways, such as preventing precancerous lesions of colorectal cancer, inhibiting the growth and proliferation of cancer cells, blocking cancer cell cycle, promoting cancer cell apoptosis, and reversing drug resistance of colorectal cancer. The oral availability of flavonoids is low. The gut is the main metabolic site of flavonoids in the body, its metabolic pathway is closely related to gut microbiota. This paper reviewed the anti-tumor mechanism of flavonoids and their influence on gut microbiota to provide a reference for further research on the mechanism of Patriniae Herba against colorectal cancer and its clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 54-63, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003766

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of salvianolic acid B combined with puerarin in protecting the SH-SY5Y cells from the damage by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) based on pyroptosis. MethodSH-SY5Y cells were used to establish the model of OGD/R, and cells were classified into the control, OGD/R, 10 μmol·L-1 salvianolic acid B, 100 μmol·L-1 puerarin, 10 μmol·L-1 salvianolic acid B + 100 μmol·L-1 puerarin, and 10 μmol·L-1 NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inhibitor MCC950 groups. Except the control group, other groups were rapidly reoxygenated for 12 h after 6 h OGD for modeling. The cell survival rate was determined by the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. An optical microscope was used to observe the cell morphology. A spectrophotometer was used to determine the content of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in culture supernatant. Cell damage was measured by Hoechst/PI staining. The mRNA levels of NLRP3, cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (Caspase-1), gasdermin D (GSDMD), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein activation of Caspase-1 and NLRP3 was detected by immunofluorescence. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of IL-1β, ASC, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and cleaved Caspase-1. ResultCompared with the control group, the OGD/R group showed decreased cell survival rate (P<0.01), damaged cell morphology, increased leakage rate of LDH (P<0.01), up-regulated mRNA levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD, ASC, and IL-1β (P<0.01), and up-regulated protein levels of IL-1β, ASC, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and cleaved Caspase-1 (P<0.01). Compared with the OGD/R group, salvianolic acid B, puerarin, and salvianolic acid B combined with puerarin improved cell survival rate (P<0.01), and the combined treatment group outperformed salvianolic acid B and puerarin used alone (P<0.01). Salvianolic acid B combined with puerarin and MCC950 both improved cell morphology, reduced the leakage of LDH (P<0.01), alleviated cell damage, and down-regulated the mRNA levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD, ASC, and IL-1β (P<0.05, P<0.01) and also the protein levels of IL-1β, ASC, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and cleaved Caspase-1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionThe results indicated that salvianolic acid B combined with puerarin can alleviate the OGD/R-induced damage of SH-SY5Y cells by inhibiting pyroptosis.

3.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 54, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527657

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to analyze the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines among patients with chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID) in China. Methods Participants who were diagnosed with a chronic IMID were eligible for inclusion in this study. Age- and sex-matched healthy vaccinated individuals were set as the control group. All participants received two doses of the inactivated CoronaVac vaccine or three doses of the recombinant protein subunit vaccine ZF2001. Adverse events, IMID activity after vaccination, and the rate of COVID-19 in the two groups were compared. Results There were 158 patients in the IMID group, with an average age of 40 ± 14 years old, and 98 female subjects. In the IMID group, 123 patients received the inactivated CoronaVac vaccine, and 35 patients received the recombinant protein subunit vaccine ZF2001. There were 153 individuals in the control group, including 122 who received the CoronaVac vaccine and 31 who received the recombinant protein subunit vaccine ZF2001. The frequency of vaccine-related adverse events in the IMID group was less than that in the control group, all of which were mild local effects, and no serious events occurred. Of note, no disease flares occurred in the IMID group. No participants in either group subsequently got COVID-19, so the incidence rate was 0% in both groups. Conclusion COVID-19 vaccination was found to be safe for IMID subjects, any adverse events were mild, and vaccination did not increase the risk of disease activity. Meanwhile, vaccination could effectively reduce the incidence of COVID-19 in IMID patients. In the future, studies with a larger sample size and a longer duration are needed.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 306-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the histopathological and immunohistochemical changes of gastric fundus and duodenum after bariatric embolization of left gastric artery and gastroduodenal artery in obesity New Zealand rabbit models.Methods:Twenty obesity New Zealand rabbit models were successfully established and divided into two groups using stratified randomization. Left gastric artery and gastroduodenal artery were embolized with gelatin sponge (350-560 μm) in experimental group, left gastric artery and gastroduodenal artery were perfused with normal saline in control group. All animals were sacrificed for pathological, immunohistochemical examination and Western Blot analysis 4 weeks post embolization, the density of ghrelin producing cells and the gray ratio of ghrelin protein band were measured and compared by the independent sample t test. Results:Macropathological examination showed ulceration in the anterior wall of the gastric body in one rabbit, histopathological examination showed mucosa ulceration in the gastric body in 3 rabbits in experimental group. Immunohistochemical examination showed that the ghrelin producing cells of gastric fundus and duodenum in the experimental group were significantly less than those in the control group (10.0±5.1 vs.27.7±3.4, t=12.35, P<0.05;5.6±2.6 vs. 12.3±2.1, t=4.73, P<0.05). Western Blot analysis showed that the gray ratio of ghrelin bands of gastric fundus and duodenum in the experimental group were significantly lower than that in the control group (0.65±0.05 vs.1.12±0.09, t=9.62, P<0.05;0.55±0.03 vs. 0.94±0.08, t=7.98, P<0.05). Conclusions:Immunohistochemical and Western Blot analysis showed that the ghrelin-producing cells of gastric fundus and duodenum in the experimental group were significantly less than those in the control group after bariatric embolization, histopathologic analysis indicated that bariatric embolization was a safe technique.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 88-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992686

ABSTRACT

Orthopedic robots, as intelligent medical devices, have achieved good outcomes in clinical application in some orthopedic surgeries. Artificial intelligence (AI) has played an important role in the development of orthopedic robots due to its powerful capabilities of information processing and decision-making. The developing trends of orthopedic robotics are automation and intelligentization. Since AI has demonstrated great advantages in preoperative planning, an increasing number of researchers have been devoted to AI application in intraoperative navigation by an orthopedic robot. This paper outlines the exploratory efforts in applying AI technology to the intraoperative navigation assisted by an orthopedic robot, describes the advantages of AI in improving accuracy and reducing radiation, and forecasts research prospects in application of AI technology to orthopedic robots based on the current situation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 204-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992589

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) combined with spinal fractures with thoracic and lumbar fracture as the most common type shows characteristics of unstable fracture, high incidence of nerve injury, high mortality and high disability rate. The diagnosis may be missed because it is mostly caused by low-energy injury, when spinal rigidity and osteoporosis have a great impact on the accuracy of imaging examination. At the same time, the treatment choices are controversial, with no relevant specifications. Non-operative treatments can easily lead to bone nonunion, pseudoarthrosis and delayed nerve injury, while surgeries may be failed due to internal fixation failure. At present, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture. In this context, the Spinal Trauma Academic Group of Orthopedics Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts to formulate the Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult ankylosing spondylitis combined with thoracolumbar fracture ( version 2023) by following the principles of evidence-based medicine and systematically review related literatures. Ten recommendations on the diagnosis, imaging evaluation, classification and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture were put forward, aiming to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such disorder.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 496-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes of retinal thickness, choroid thickness and choroid vascular polypoid lesions (polyps) before and after the treatment of conbercept in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) with conbercept based on enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA).Methods:Twenty patients with PCV admitted to the ophthalmology department of the Affiliated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2019 to December 2020 (who had not received intravitreous injection before) were selected and given intravitreous injection of conbercept with 3+ pro re nata (PRN) treatment. The changes of visual acuity, intraocular pressure, central macular thickness (CMT), subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), peripapillary choroid thickness (PCT), polyps height, and maximum cross-sectional area of polyps were observed before and after treatment.Results:There were significant difference in the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), CMT, SFCT, PCT, polyps height and maximum polyps cross-sectional area before and after treatment in 20 patients (all P<0.05). BCVA was significantly improved at 1 week and 1 month after treatment (all P<0.05), and still improved at 6 months after treatment, but the difference was not statistically significant compared with 3 months after treatment ( P>0.05), and slightly fluctuated at 6 to 12 months after treatment, but basically stable. CMT, SFCT and PCT decreased significantly after 3 months of treatment, and were basically stable from 6 to 12 months after treatment. One month after treatment, polyps height was (251.30±57.49)μm, with a decrease of 11.3 μm; the polyps height decreased at 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The maximum cross-sectional area of polyps at 3 and 12 months after treatment was (2.10±0.44)μm 2 and (1.98±0.44)μm 2, respectively, with a certain degree of decrease, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Intraocular injection of conbercept can effectively reduce CMT, SFCT, PCT, polyps height, maximum cross-sectional area of polyps and increase BCVA in PCV patients 3 months after treatment. EDI-OCT and OCTA were used to quantitatively detect the changes of PCV indexes and observe the curative effect and prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 714-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory role of defferentially expressed LOC107987438 in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder and provide a theoretical basis for its clinical application in depressive disorder.Methods:Differential expression of LOC107987438 was verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR)in peripheral blood monocular cells(PBMCs)of 60 patients with depressive disorder and 60 health controls. In addition, its diagnostic value was assessed by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves. Based on the ceRNA mechanism of lncRNA, the miRDB database was applied to predict the target miRNAs of LOC107987438, and the miRNAs with target score ≥ 80 among them were screened out.The screened miRNAs were then used to predict their potential target mRNAs through four databases which were TargetScan 8.0, miRTarBase, mirDIP and miRPathDB. Moreover, the predicted target mRNAs were annotated for gene ontology(GO)function annotation and tokoyo encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis via ClusterProfiler 4.0.5 package of R 4.1.1. Finally, a protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the STRING 11.5 platform to retrieve the interacting genes.Results:The qRT-PCR results showed that normalized expression of LOC107987438 in PBMCs of patients with depressive disorder was higher than that in health controls(depressive disorder: 2.084±1.357, health controls: 1.000±0.660, P<0.001). The ROC curve results showed that the area under curves(AUC)of LOC107987438 was 0.759(95% CI: 0.675-0.842, P<0.05), indicating its high potential diagnostic value. Bioinformatics analysis showed that hsa-miR-4670-3p, hsa-miR-619-3p, hsa-miR-6721-5p and hsa-miR-297 were the miRNAs with high bindings to LOC107987438. The results of KEGG signaling pathway enrichment revealed that hypoxia-inducible factor 1(HIF-1)signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKT(PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway and erythroblastic oncogene B(ErbB) signaling pathway were closely associated with depressive disorder. Among the top ten key genes screened by the protein-protein interaction network, kirsten rats arcomaviral oncogene homolog(KRAS), androgen receptor(AR), cyclic-AMP response binding protein1(CREB1), insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF1), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B(CDKN1B) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type Ⅱ alpha(CAMK2A)were strongly associated with depressive disorder. Conclusion:The establishment of ceRNA regulatory network of LOC107987438 provides a theoretical basis for exploring the pathophysiology of depressive disorders.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 164-169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced modification of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is involved in the inflammatory signaling pathway of endothelial cells.Methods:Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were cultured in vitro, and cells in logarithmic growth phase were used for experiments. Cells were divided into blank control group, LPS group (2 000 mg/L LPS), O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) overexpression (OGT-OE)+LPS group (plasmid transfection OGT+2 000 mg/L LPS), protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor+LPS group (10 μmol/L Go 6983+2 000 mg/L LPS), RhoA inhibitor+LPS group (40 μmol/L Rhoin hydrochloride+2 000 mg/L LPS), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor+LPS group (1 μmol/L SL-2052+2 000 mg/L LPS), serine/threonine kinase (Akt) inhibitor+LPS group (10 μmol/L PP2+2 000 mg/L LPS) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) treated Akt (si-AKT)+LPS group (si-Akt+2 000 mg/L LPS). After 24 hours of LPS treatment, real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the transcription levels of inflammatory cytokines [interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1)]. The protein expression or phosphorylation of OGT, O-GlcNAc, Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65), and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) were determined by Western blotting. Results:Compared with the blank control group, the expression of OGT and the modification of O-GlcNAc in the LPS group were decreased, while the expressions of phosphorylated ERK, p38MAPK, and STAT3 were increased, and the transcript levels of inflammatory cytokines were also significantly increased [IL-6 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 4.71±0.60 vs. 1.03±0.29, TNF-α mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.89±0.11 vs. 1.04±0.35, ICAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 2.06±0.18 vs. 1.02±0.21, VCAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 2.94±0.57 vs. 1.01±0.17, all P < 0.05], indicating that LPS could decrease O-GlcNAc modification, activate inflammatory signaling pathways and increase inflammatory cytokines expression. Compared with the LPS group, the expressions of phosphorylated ERK, p38MAPK, NF-κB p65, and STAT3 in the endothelial cells of the OGT-OE+LPS group were decreased, and the expression of inflammatory factors were significantly decreased [IL-6 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.12±0.01 vs. 0.90±0.17, TNF-α mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.31±0.01 vs. 0.91±0.14, ICAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.64±0.02 vs. 1.13±0.16, VCAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.11±0.01 vs. 0.93±0.11, all P < 0.05], indicating that the increase of OGT level could inhibit the partial activation of the endothelial inflammatory signal pathway under the LPS stimulation. Compared with the blank control group, the phosphorylation level of Akt in the LPS group was increased. Compared with the LPS group, both OGT expression and O-GlcNAc modification were down-regulated after pretreatment of PKC inhibitor, RhoA inhibitor, PI3K inhibitor, or Akt inhibitor. Compared with the LPS group, the transcript levels of IL-6, TNF-α and ICAM-1 in the PP2+LPS group were significantly decreased [IL-6 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.46±0.16 vs. 3.55±0.87, TNF-α mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.98±0.14 vs. 1.76±0.10, ICAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.39±0.24 vs. 2.04±0.13, all P < 0.05], but there was no significant change in VCAM-1. Compared with the LPS group, the expression of OGT and O-GlcNAc modification in the si-Akt+LPS group were decreased, while the transcript levels of inflammatory cytokines were also significantly decreased [IL-6 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.75±0.03 vs. 0.99±0.09, TNF-α mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.69±0.01 vs. 1.10±0.08, ICAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.76±0.01 vs. 0.99±0.02, VCAM-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.93±0.08 vs. 1.20±0.21, all P < 0.05], indicating that Akt participated in the action process of LPS on OGT and affected the inflammatory factor expression. Conclusions:The decreased level of O-GlcNAc modification in endothelial cells stimulated with LPS promotes partial activation of inflammatory signaling pathways, mainly involving ERK, p38MAPK, and STAT3, and affects the expression of inflammatory factors. AKT may be involved in the effect of LPS on the inhibition of O-GlcNAc modification.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 235-239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of computerized cognitive remediation therapy (CCRT) combined with social skill training on the improvement of negative symptoms of schizophrenia.Methods:A total of 102 schizophrenic patients who received treatment in Shanxi Province Social Welfare Kangning Psychiatry Hospital from March 2019 to June 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into an intervention group and a control group ( n = 51/group). During the intervention process, because of the reasons such as midway discharge, only 93 patients were included in the final analysis, consisting of 47 patients in the intervention group and 46 patients in the control group. All patients received social skills training. Patients in the intervention group received 8-week CCRT. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Social Skills Checklist were used to evaluate curative effect in the two groups. Results:After treatment, total score of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and the score of negative symptoms in the intervention group were (46.36 ± 9.33) points and (11.15 ± 3.53) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than (51.06 ± 10.26) points and (16.42 ± 4.75) points in the control group ( t = 2.07, 5.41, both P < 0.05). The total score of Social Skills Checklist, conflict resolution ability score and relationship building ability score in the intervention group were (16.05 ± 6.85) points, (3.36 ± 1.65) points and (3.14 ± 1.83) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than (21.08 ± 8.24) points, (5.92 ± 2.35) points and (6.75 ± 2.51) points, respectively ( t = 2.87, 5.34, 7.00, all P < 0.01). Conclusion:CCRT combined with social skill training can effectively improve the negative symptoms of patients with schizophrenia.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 502-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the consistency of individual iodine nutrition levels by serum iodine, plasma iodine and whole blood iodine, and to provide reference for iodine-related epidemiological investigation.Methods:Healthy adults aged 18 - 59 years were recruited from the Research Center of Environment and Health in Water Source Area of South-to-North Water Diversion of Hubei University of Medicine. Whole blood sample was collected and serum and plasma were separated. The content of iodine in serum, plasma and whole blood was determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the linear relationship, precision and accuracy of the standard curve of the detection method were evaluated. The difference of three kinds of blood iodine levels was analyzed by variance analysis of compatibility group design, and Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman plot were used to evaluate the consistency between serum iodine and plasma iodine.Results:The linear range of iodine in serum, plasma and whole blood was 0.0 - 25.0 μg/L, and the correlation coefficients ( R2) were all > 0.999. The relative standard deviation of 8 mixed blood samples ranged from 1.9% to 4.3% ( n = 6), and the determination results of blood iodine certified standard substances were all within the reference range. The recovery rate of the added standard ranged from 99% to 106%. The iodine levels in serum, plasma and whole blood of 50 volunteers were (57.31 ± 8.06), (57.49 ± 8.50) and (33.89 ± 5.40) μg/L, respectively, and there was no statistically significant difference between serum iodine and plasma iodine ( P = 0.904). The results of Passing-Bablok regression showed that there was no statistically significant difference in bias between serum iodine and plasma iodine ( P = 0.538). The Bland-Altman plot indicated that the difference between serum iodine and plasma iodine was within the consistency limit. Conclusion:The results of plasma iodine and serum iodine are in good agreement, and plasma iodine can be used as an evaluation index of individual iodine nutrition level. But there is no consistency between whole blood iodine and serum iodine.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1172-1178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of the blended teaching model of "pre-class synchronous small private online course (SPOC)+ flipped classroom+post-class knowledge expansion" in the theoretical teaching of biochemistry and molecular biology. Methods:A total of 951 students majoring in clinical medicine, preventive medicine, and pharmacy in the class of 2020 in Qiqihar Medical College were selected as teaching reform research group (experimental group), and their curriculum relied on the self-built massive open online course (MOOC) curriculum and the MOOC resources of Chinese universities to construct a blended teaching model; the reform methods such as small class grouping, case-based learning, and diversified examination were adopted to carry out theoretical flipped teaching activities with cross integration of cases and knowledge points as the main line. A total of 847 students majoring in clinical medicine, preventive medicine, and pharmacy in the class of 2019 were selected as control group, and the traditional teaching method was used for theoretical courses. The courses were evaluated by offline assessment and online assessment, and feedback information was collected through examination scores, questionnaire survey, and online voting. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis, and the t-test was used for comparison between groups. Results:The experimental group had a significantly higher total score of final examination than the control group [(92.12±3.88) vs. (86.73±5.27), P<0.05]. The questionnaire survey showed that the students in the experimental group showed a relatively high degree of satisfaction with the blended teaching reform, which increased their participation, experiencing, and sharing activities. The students majoring in clinical medicine in the class of 2020 believed that they had established clinical thinking ability (263, 92.61%) and become familiar with the clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of common diseases (262, 92.25%); the students majoring in preventive medicine in the class of 2020 believed that they had increased their awareness of serving the public (151, 93.21%) and developed the ability to teach and guide healthy living (148, 91.36%); the students majoring in pharmacy in the class of 2020 believed that they had mastered the mechanism of action of drugs for disease treatment (138, 93.24%) and understood the importance of rational drug use in clinical practice (135, 91.22%). Conclusion:The blended teaching model realizes student-centered teaching, stimulates the interest and initiative in learning, and improves learning outcome, thereby improving teaching quality to a certain extent.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 641-646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the problems of medical advanced mathematics learning for medical school students, such as high difficulty, tight school hours, poor learning interest and low acceptance of students, and to actively carry out online and offline hybrid teaching mode.Methods:A total of 243 students majoring in clinical medicine, biomedical engineering and information management and information system from 6 classes in Batch 2022 were selected as the study subjects (experimental group). A hybrid online/offline teaching mode combining self-made online learning resources and MOOC teaching resources of China University was specifically adopted. Teaching objectives were set and teaching resources were uploaded according to the teaching content before the class. Super Star Learning Platform was employed to issue pre-class learning tasks to help students study before class. During the lesson, teachers taught face-to-face, and released classroom questions and quizzes on the learning platform to test the learning effect in class. It was convenient for teachers to grasp students' learning situation and took timely teaching adjustments to help students successfully complete their learning in class. After the class, we released the videos of class lectures and post-class exercises on Super Star Learning Platform to help students consolidate their learning from class. We also set up a QQ group for the course in each class to facilitate communication with students after class and to answer questions. SPSS 20.0 was used to conduct t-test. Results:The online and offline hybrid teaching effectively increased students' participation in class and greatly mobilized students' enthusiasm for learning, and the average teacher-student interaction in class increased from 6 to 10 times per session; the class attendance rate increased from 93.93% (232/247) to 97.94% (238/243); the homework submission rate increased from 92.71% (229/247) to 96.71% (235/243). After the course was finished, the final comprehensive scores of students increased from (81.27±4.56) to (89.52±3.42), with statistically significant differences ( t=8.25, P<0.001). Conclusion:The adoption of online and offline hybrid teaching not only has a benign effect on students' academic performance, but also stimulates students' enthusiasm to learn advanced mathematics to a greater extent, and subsequently expects students' ability to be further improved in applying mathematics to solve practical problems.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 405-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990859

ABSTRACT

Corneal refractive surgery is widely used to correct myopia and astigmatism because of its safety, effectiveness and stability.Precision medicine is the future direction of development, and the demands for accuracy in corneal refractive surgery are also increasing, which has a direct impact on patient satisfaction.Nomogram, as a key design in refractive surgery, needs to be combined with several important predictors to quantify individual risk.Different surgical methods need different nomograms.In this paper, the effects of corneal surface surgery, lamellar surgery, modeling algorithm and possible factors such as patient's sex, age, expected correction, corneal curvature, preoperative spherical equivalent, etc.on the predicted values were discussed.At the same time, the application of nomograms in corneal refractive surgery at home and abroad in recent years and the research progress of nomogram influencing factors were explored, in order to provide more and more accurate reference for clinical practice, to improve the accuracy of corneal refractive surgery and help patients achieve satisfactory postoperative visual quality.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 338-343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990852

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pupil size distribution of the Chinese myopic population under different mesopic conditions, and to analyze the possible influencing factors.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Two hundred and fourteen myopic patients (428 eyes) who underwent refractive surgery in Tianjin Eye Hospital from December 2018 to April 2019 were randomly selected.The patients were 17 to 45 years old, with an average age of (22.62±4.88) years old.The patients were divided into astigmatism <-1.5 D group (372 eyes) and astigmatism ≥-1.5 D group (56 eyes) according to their astigmatism measurements.The low mesopic pupil size (LMPS) (0.2 lx) was measured with the infrared Colvard pupillometer, and the high mesopic pupil size (HMPS) (6-12 lx) was obtained through the anterior Pentacam segment analyzer.The pupil size was compared between both eyes, different sexes and different astigmatism measurements.The relationship between pupil size and possible influencing factors, such as age, sex, spherical equivalent, spherical diopter, cylinder diopter, axis, mean keratometry(Km), and central cornea thickness was analyzed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Tianjin Eye Hospital (No.201912). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject or their guardians.Results:The pupil sizes measured by the Colvard pupillometer and Pentacam were (6.806±0.776)mm and (3.312±0.540)mm, respectively.The pupil size of male subjects was (6.692±0.754)mm, which was larger than (6.668±0.792)mm of females, showing a statistically significant difference ( t=2.935, P=0.004). Under the high mesopic condition, the pupil size of astigmatism ≥-1.5 D group was lower than that of astigmatism <-1.5 D group, with a statistically significant difference ( t=2.611, P=0.009). Under the low mesopic condition, pupil size was negatively correlated with age and Km ( r=-0.213, -0.210; both at P<0.001). Under the high mesopic condition, pupil size was weakly positively correlated with cylinder power ( r=0.124, P=0.010) and was weakly negatively correlated with Km ( r=-0.142, P=0.003). The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the LMPS=0.659×HMPS-0.019×age-0.084×Km+ 8.662.About 28% of pupil size under low mesopic conditions could be predicted by Pentacam.LMPS of ≤7 mm could be better predicted when the results were below 3.6 mm. Conclusions:Age and corneal curvature are influencing factors of mesopic pupil size.Older people with steep curvature have a smaller pupil.At high mesopic conditions, astigmatism affects pupil size.Pentacam measurements can predict LMPS to some degree but are not a substitute for dark-adapted pupil diameter.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 271-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in refractive astigmatism, the anterior corneal surface astigmatism and ocular residual astigmatism between dominant and non-dominant eyes in myopia.Methods:A corss-sectional study was conducted.Two hundred and seventy-six eyes from 138 patients with myopia who were to receive corneal refractive surgery in the Refractive Surgery Center of Tianjin Eye Hospital from January to March 2018 were included.Ocular dominance was assessed with the hole-in-the-card test.The manifest refraction and corneal topography were performed in order to measure the sphericity, spherical equivalent, the astigmatism of anterior corneal surface and total cornea.Vector analysis was used to calculate the value of the ocular residual astigmatism and the components of astigmatism, including J0 and J45 of both the refractive astigmatism and the astigmatism of anterior corneal surface.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Tianjin Eye Hospital (No.201909).Results:It was found that 61.6%(85/138) of the subjects was right-eye dominant.There was no significant difference in sphericity and spherical equivalent, J0 and J45 of the refractive astigmatism and the astigmatism of anterior corneal surface between dominant and non-dominant eyes (all at P>0.05). The magnitude of the ocular residual astigmatism of the dominant eye was 0.607(0.451, 0.808)D, which was lower than 0.701(0.497, 0.901)D of the non-dominant eye, showing a statistically significant difference ( Z=-2.52, P=0.01). Conclusions:In the myopic population with no significant difference in the sphericity and spherical equivalent between the dominant and non-dominant eyes, the magnitude of the ocular residual astigmatism of the dominant eye is significantly lower than that of the non-dominant eye, which may play an important role in the ocular dominance formation.

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China Pharmacy ; (12): 653-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To clarify the core content of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) policy in the provinces of China, so as to provide reference for optimizing the structure of the policy system of traditional Chinese medicine in China and assisting the inheritance and innovation of TCM industry in various regions. METHODS The websites of directly affiliated organs in 31 provinces, excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, were retrieved to collect the TCM policies released from 2000 to 2021. The importance of keywords in the TCM policies of each province was measured based on term frequency-inverse documentation frequency (TF-IDF) keyword extraction method, and the similarities and differences were analyzed among TCM policies. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 99 documents related to TCM policies of various provinces were obtained in this study, most of which were released after 2016. The theme of national TCM policy covered four aspects: building TCM talent team, perfecting TCM service system, strengthening TCM resource management and promoting TCM industry innovation. The TF-IDF values of “medical institutions”“traditional Chinese medicine”“medical treatment” were higher than other keywords in each province, indicating that the provinces paid more attention to the construction of TCM service system and the management of TCM resources than other aspects. Anhui and Jiangsu, Beijing and Henan, Hubei and Jilin, Hubei and Tianjin, and Hubei and Yunnan had the more degree of similarity in TCM policies, which all contained 16 of the same keywords. Therefore, the above regions should be encouraged to strengthen exchanges and cooperation and realize mutual promotion and joint development. Among all the keywords whose importance ratio was greater than 0.2,“ Tibetan medicine” was unique to Qinghai and Tibet,“ disease type” was unique to Guangdong, and the TF-IDF value of “supervision and management” in Beijing was higher, indicating that the emphasis of TCM policy formulation in different provinces was various. Meanwhile, the top 10 keywords of TF- IDF value in all provinces did not have words related to financial input, and the TF-IDF values of “informatization” in most provinces did not rank at the top. It is suggested to increase financial input or encourage social financing, and add “Internet+new business” in the field of TCM.

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Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 46-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965371

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To investigate the outcomes and prognostic factors of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with bone metastasis. <b>Methods</b> A retrospective study was conducted on 108 DTC patients with bone metastasis who were treated in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were generated. Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model were used to screen the prognostic factors. The correlation between treatment and prognosis was analyzed. <b>Results</b> The median overall survival was 70 months. The 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year overall survival rates were 54.4%, 24.3%, 9.8%, and 4.3%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed improved prognosis in patients with single bone metastasis, without skeletal-relatedevents (SREs), and without cervical lymph node metastasis (<i>P </i>= 0.003-0.019). Patients who received combined treatments (<i>P</i> < 0.001) or <sup>131</sup>I treatment alone (<i>P</i> = 0.109) showed better prognosis than those without <sup>131</sup>I treatment. Multivariate analysis identified single bone metastases, SREs, and treatmentas independent prognostic factors. <b>Conclusion</b> In DTC patients with bone metastasis, good prognosis is significantly associated with single bone metastases, absence of SREs, and <sup>131</sup>I therapy in combination with other therapeutic approaches.

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West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 197-202, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To summarize the open-eruption technique of impacted anterior maxillary teeth, this study reports a technically improved operation on surgical exposure based on dental follicles and evaluates post-treatment periodontal health considering the effect of dental follicles.@*METHODS@#Patients who underwent open-eruption technique with unilateral labially impacted maxillary central incisors were selected. The impacted teeth were assigned to the experimental group, and the contralateral unimpacted maxillary central incisors were assigned to the control group. In the surgical exposure, the new technique makes use of dental follicles to manage the soft tissue, so as to preserve soft tissue for better aesthetic results and healthier periodontal tissue. Tooth length, root length, alveolar bone loss, and alveolar bone thickness were recorded after the therapy.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 patients with unilateral maxillary central incisor impaction were successfully treated. The tooth length and root length of the two groups showed a statistically significant difference between the impacted and homonym teeth, with a shorter length in the impacted tooth (P<0.05). More labial alveolar bone loss was found in the experimental group compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). The outcomes of the cementoenamel junction width, pa- latal alveolar bone loss, and alveolar bone thickness did not indicate statistical significance between the experimental and control groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the surgical exposure, the new technique uses dental follicles to manage the soft tissue and preserve it for better aesthetic results and healthier periodontal tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Incisor , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root , Dental Sac , Maxilla/surgery , Esthetics, Dental
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