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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 847-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988733

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the practical value of environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound in the preparation of pathological tissue sections. MethodsFrom February 2013 to December 2022, 2 518 pathological specimens submitted by Foshan Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected as the study objects. Two samples of the same specimen were randomly divided into two groups: the environment-friendly fast group, in which the pathological tissue sections were made by using the environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound; and the traditional group, in which formaldehyde, ethanol and xylene were used to make slices in the conventional way. The differences of hematoxylin (HE) staining effect, immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining effect and MDM2 gene detection result of atypical lipomatous tumor/highly differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDL) tissue sections between the two groups were compared. Results① The wax of the two groups' pathological tissues was dehydrated well and the tissue hardness was moderate. After HE staining, the sections of the two groups were intact, without cracks and tremor marks, and the contrast between nucleus and cytoplasm was appropriate, with good transparency, uniform staining, and no tissue loss. The excellent rate and score of HE staining in the environmental fast group were higher than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.125,P1 = 0.070;t = 0.965,P2 = 0.334). ②After IHC staining of the two groups of sections, the positive location of the cells was accurate, the staining was specific and uniform, the staining intensity was moderate, the staining sensitivity was good, and there was no tissue loss. The excellent rate of IHC staining and the positive rate of IHC staining in the environmental fast group were lower than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ12 = 2.769,P1 = 0.092;χ22 = 0.800,P2 = 0.375). ③The background and outline of the two groups of WDL tissue sections were clear, the staining was uniform, the cells were clear and visible, the nuclear boundary was clear, the hybridization signal was clear and bright under the background fluorescence, and there was no miscellaneous signal. The two groups of sections were hybridized successfully, and MDM2 showed positive amplification. The number of cells successfully hybridized in the environment-friendly fast group was lower than that in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (t = 1.414,P = 0.230). ConclusionsThe tissue treatment method of using environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound can ensure the detection effect of HE staining, IHC staining and MDM2 gene detection of pathological tissue sections, and is more efficient and environment-friendly, suitable for promotion and use in hospitals at all levels.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 356-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981874

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of autophagy, apoptosis of neutrophils and neutrophils extracellular traps (NET) formation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Thirty-six patients with SLE were recruited as research subjects, and 32 healthy controls matched accordingly were enrolled as control subjects. The expression levels of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B), autophagy-related gene5(ATG5), P62, B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl2), Bcl2-related X protein (BAX) in neutrophils were detected by Western blot analysis. Flow cytometry was employed to analyze the expression of LC3B on neutrophils. The expression level of myeloperoxidase(MPO) in plasma was estimated by ELISA. Furthermore, neutrophils were cultured in vitro and stimulated by 100 nmol/L rapamycin and 10 μg/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 6 hours, respectively. And then, the expression levels of LC3B, ATG5, P62, Bcl2 and BAX in neutrophils were detected by Western blot analysis. The level of MPO in culture supernatant was detected by ELISA. The change of fluorescence intensity of NET in culture supernatant was assayed by SytoxTM Green staining combined with fluorescence spectrophotometry. Results Compared with healthy controls, the levels of autophagy and apoptosis of neutrophils and NET formation in SLE patients were increased. The level of apoptosis and NET formation was positively associated with neutrophil autophagy. The level of autophagy showed an increase but had no effect on apoptosis and NET formation for neutrophil stimulated by rapamycin. The levels of autophagy and NET formation also increased with no significant effect on apoptosis for neutrophil induced by LPS. Conclusion The autophagy, apoptosis and NET formation of neutrophils increase in SLE patients. The activation of autophagy and NET in neutrophils possibly result from the inflammatory internal environment in SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neutrophils , Extracellular Traps/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Autophagy
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 366-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984631

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of the AML1-ETO (AE) fusion gene on the biological function of U937 leukemia cells by establishing a leukemia cell model that induces AE fusion gene expression. Methods: The doxycycline (Dox) -dependent expression of the AE fusion gene in the U937 cell line (U937-AE) were established using a lentivirus vector system. The Cell Counting Kit 8 methods, including the PI and sidanilide induction, were used to detect cell proliferation, cell cycle-induced differentiation assays, respectively. The effect of the AE fusion gene on the biological function of U937-AE cells was preliminarily explored using transcriptome sequencing and metabonomic sequencing. Results: ①The Dox-dependent Tet-on regulatory system was successfully constructed to regulate the stable AE fusion gene expression in U937-AE cells. ②Cell proliferation slowed down and the cell proliferation rate with AE expression (3.47±0.07) was lower than AE non-expression (3.86 ± 0.05) after inducing the AE fusion gene expression for 24 h (P<0.05). The proportion of cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase in the cell cycle increased, with AE expression [ (63.45±3.10) %) ] was higher than AE non-expression [ (41.36± 9.56) %] (P<0.05). The proportion of cells expressing CD13 and CD14 decreased with the expression of AE. The AE negative group is significantly higher than the AE positive group (P<0.05). ③The enrichment analysis of the transcriptome sequencing gene set revealed significantly enriched quiescence, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, interferon-α/γ, and other inflammatory response and immune regulation signals after AE expression. ④Disorder of fatty acid metabolism of U937-AE cells occurred under the influence of AE. The concentration of the medium and short-chain fatty acid acylcarnitine metabolites decreased in cells with AE expressing, propionyl L-carnitine, wherein those with AE expression (0.46±0.13) were lower than those with AE non-expression (1.00±0.27) (P<0.05). The metabolite concentration of some long-chain fatty acid acylcarnitine increased in cells with AE expressing tetradecanoyl carnitine, wherein those with AE expression (1.26±0.01) were higher than those with AE non-expression (1.00±0.05) (P<0.05) . Conclusion: This study successfully established a leukemia cell model that can induce AE expression. The AE expression blocked the cell cycle and inhibited cell differentiation. The gene sets related to the inflammatory reactions was significantly enriched in U937-AE cells that express AE, and fatty acid metabolism was disordered.


Subject(s)
Humans , U937 Cells , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein , Leukemia/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 351-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965717

ABSTRACT

Along with the progress of pharmaceutical science in the past century, the theme of pharmacology has gone through pseudo agent scheme, to ligand-receptor model, and then to the theory of targeted therapy today. Due to the success of drug R&D, current drug research keeps its focus mainly on drugs with single target and precise treatment, in which the molecular mechanism is relatively clear but the therapeutic efficacy is often limited. Thus, there is a big space for exploration in the field of pharmacology. In the past 30 years, several novel chemical drugs, originated from traditional Chinese medicine, have been identified and then used in clinic, provoking a strong interest to explore new theory for pharmacology, of which the term of "Biao Ben Jian Zhi" (treating diseases by directing symptoms and root causes) has demonstrated a promising nature. We consider this concept useful for future drug discovery, drug design and clinical therapy. In this review, example drugs such as berberine, metformin and azvudine, are discussed, and "drug Cloud" (dCloud) model is introduced to elaborate the mechanism of treating diseases by directing symptoms and root causes of diseases.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 593-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965639

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota is a complex and dynamic system, and is essential for the health of the body. As the "second genome" of the body, it can establish communication with the important organs by regulating intestinal nerves, gastrointestinal hormones, intestinal barrier, immunity and metabolism, thus affecting host′s physiological functions. Short chain fatty acid (SCFA), known as one important metabolite of intestinal microbiota, is regarded as a significant messenger of the gut-organ communication, due to its extensive regulation in the body′s immunity, metabolism, endocrine and signal transduction. In this review, we summarize the interaction between gut-liver/brain/kidney/lung axis and diseases, and focus on the role and mechanism of SCFA in the gut-organ communication, hoping to provide new ideas for the treatment of the related diseases.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1196-1203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978704

ABSTRACT

Pneumoconiosis is the most common occupational disease in China, which severely endangers people's health. Depending on the inhaled air pollutants, pneumoconiosis is classified as anthracosis, silicosis, asbestosis, etc., among which silicosis is the most common and serious. Silicosis is a systemic, poor prognostic disease characterized by diffuse fibrosis of lung tissue, which is caused by long-term exposure to dust with high levels of free silicon dioxide (SiO2) in the occupational environment. Appropriate treatment in time is important for the disease. Unfortunately, no effective drugs have been approved to delay or even reverse pulmonary fibrosis caused by SiO2. This review briefly classifies potent therapeutic drugs and compounds in term of mechanisms, providing the probability for clinical treatment of silicosis.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 38-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between hemoglobin(Hb) level on admission and survival prognosis of patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to October 2018, 249 elderly patients with hip fracture were surgically treated including 62 males and 187 females;the age ranged from 60 to 91(73.67±10.52) years;the time from injury to operation was (6.79±2.27) d. The clinical and laboratory examination results were collected. The Hb level at admission and the mortality at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were observed. According to the Hb level at admission, the patients were divided into Hb<120 g/L and Hb≥120 g/L groups. The survival conditions of the two groups at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were compared and analyzed. Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of Hb level on death 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation.@*RESULTS@#The mortality rates at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were 5.22%, 9.24%, 16.87% and 20.48% respectively. The level of Hb at admission was a risk factor for prognosis and death 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation(P<0.05). The OR(95% CI) were 2.431(1.475-4.006), 2.625(1.468-4.695), 2.276(1.320-3.925) and 2.082(1.221-3.551) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The level of Hb at admission can affect the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture. We should further study how to manage the level of Hb before operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hospitalization , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 202-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the value of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and relevant factors in the interim therapeutic and prognostic evaluation of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL) patients. Methods:From January 2008 to January 2018, 41 patients with B-cell PGIL (24 males, 17 females; age: 26-84 years) confirmed by pathology in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively included. 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed before chemotherapy and radiotherapy and after 3-4 courses of chemotherapy. There were 17 cases of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and 24 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of metabolic parameters (SUV max, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG)) before treatment between MALT lymphoma and DLBCL patients. ROC curve analysis was used to analyze the predictive abilities of different parameters for progression-free survival (PFS), and Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors for PFS. Results:The median follow-up time of 41 patients was 25 (6-84) months, with the 3-year PFS rate of 55.9% and the overall survival (OS) rate of 80.2%. The baseline SUV max (23.2±11.9), MTV (260.7(66.2, 740.7) cm 3) and TLG (1 902.9(592.2, 8 418.1) g) in DLBCL were significantly higher than those in MALT lymphoma (7.9(6.2, 9.8), 45.9(28.4, 104.2) cm 3, 121.1(72.8, 295.6) g; z values: -4.02, -3.10, -3.92, all P<0.05). ΔSUV max in DLBCL patients (AUC=0.80, P=0.012), ΔSUV max% (AUC=0.89, P=0.007; AUC=0.80, P=0.012), ΔMTV%(AUC=0.91, P=0.005; AUC=0.77, P=0.026) and ΔTLG% (AUC=0.87, P=0.011; AUC=0.77, P=0.026) in MALT lymphoma and DLBCL patients before and after treatment were predictive factors of PFS. Multivariate analysis showed that ΔSUV max% was an independent factor for PFS of MALT lymphoma (hazard ratio ( HR)=17.192, 95% CI: 2.035-145.245, P=0.009), while ΔMTV% and ΔTLG% were factors for PFS of DLBCL (both HR=7.556, 95% CI: 1.968-29.016, P=0.003). Conclusions:There are significant differences in metabolic parameters between MALT lymphoma and DLBCL before treatment. Interim PET/CT is effective for the prediction of prognosis of MALT lymphoma and DLBCL.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 80-83, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of SPECT/CT imaging on programmed death receptor 1 ligand (PD-L1) expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on 99Tc m labeled anti-PD-L1 nanoantibodies (NM-01). Methods:From January 2019 to March 2020, a total of 14 patients (11 males, 3 females; age: (61.9±11.0) years) with pathologically confirmed NSCLC in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were prospectively enrolled. NM-01 were labeled with 99Tc m, and patients were recruited for SPECT/CT imaging 2 h after injection with 99Tc m-NM-01((359.1±68.0) MBq). The differences of SUV max in primary and metastatic lesions between PD-L1 positive and negative patients were compared by independent sample t test. The correlation between the SUV max and PD-L1 expression of primary lesions was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:Of 14 patients, 6 were PD-L1 positive and 8 were PD-L1 negative. 99Tc m-NM-01 showed obviously increased uptake in kidneys and liver, while mildly increased uptake in spleen and bone marrow. The SUV max of primary lesions was 4.69±1.88 and the SUV max of metastatic lesions was 2.04±1.32. The SUV max of primary lesions in PD-L1 positive patients was significantly higher than that of PD-L1 negative patients (5.99±1.99 vs 3.72±1.10; t=5.98, P=0.039). There was no significant difference in the SUV max of metastatic lesions between PD-L1 positive and negative patients (1.66±1.03 vs 2.35±1.46; t=-1.77, P=0.084). The SUV max of primary lesions was positively correlated with PD-L1 expression ( r=0.648, P=0.042). Conclusion:99Tc m-NM-01 can demonstrate the expression of PD-L1 in primary and metastatic lesions in NSCLC.

10.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 109-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the etiology and clinical characteristics of hospitalized children with fever and cervical lymphadenopathy in general hospital, so as to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:Fifty-six children with fever and cervical lymphadenopathy in the pediatric ward at the Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.They were divided into<6 years old group( n=33) and ≥6 years old group( n=23) according to their ages.The differences of etiological composition among different age groups were analyzed.According to the causes of disease, the cases were divided into infectious disease group and non-infectious disease group.The dynamic changes of etiological composition year by year were analyzed, and the laboratory examination and treatment of children were summarized. Results:Among the 56 cases, 53 cases were confirmed, including 17 cases(30.36%)of acute suppurative lymphadenitis, 13 cases(23.21%)of Kawasaki disease, 13 cases(23.21%)of infectious mononucleosis, seven cases(12.50%)of respiratory tract infection and three cases(5.36%)of histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis.As for Kawasaki disease, there were significantly more children in the <6 years old group than that in the ≥ 6 years old group( P=0.005). During the past 5 years, the proportion of infectious diseases have decreased year by year, and the proportion of non-infectious diseases have increased year by year.The difference was statistically significant( χ2=11.443, P=0.022). The levels of leukocyte, neutrophil and quick C-reactive protein in children with non-infectious diseases were higher than those in infectious disease group.The differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). Among the 56 children, 54 cases(96.4%)were treated with antibiotics.There was no significant difference in the usage rate of antibiotics between the infectious disease group and the non-infectious disease group( χ2=0.019, P=0.890). Conclusion:The main diseases of fever with cervical lymphadenopathy in pediatric inpatients in general hospital are acute suppurative lymphadenitis, Kawasaki disease and infectious mononucleosis, respectively.During the past 5 years, the proportion of non-infectious diseases has increased year by year, but the usage rate of antibiotics has not declined.Clinical attention should be paid to the rational use of antibiotics.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 279-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells targeting CD52 (CD52 CAR-T) and validate the effect of CD52 CAR-T cells on CD52-positive leukemia. Methods: A second-generation CD52-targeting CAR bearing 4-1BB costimulatory domain was ligated into a lentiviral vector through molecular cloning. Lentivirus was prepared and packaged by 293 T cells with a four-plasmid system. Fluorescein was used to label cell surface antigens to evaluate the phenotype of CD52 CAR-T cells after infection. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to evaluate the specific cytotoxicity of CD52 CAR-T cells to CD52-positive cell lines in vitro. Results: ①A pCDH-CD52scFv-CD8α-4-1BB-CD3ζ-GFP expressing plasmid was successfully constructed and used to transduce T cells expressing a novel CD52-targeting CAR. ②On day 6, CD52-positive T cells were almost killed by CD52-targeted CAR-T post lentivirus transduction [CD52 CAR-T (4.48 ± 4.99) %, vs Vector-T (56.58±19.8) %, P=0.011]. ③T cells transduced with the CAR targeting CD52 showed low levels of apoptosis and could be expanded long-term ex vivo. ④The CD52 CAR could promote T cell differentiation into central and effector memory T cells, whereas the proportion of T cells with a CD45RA(+) effector memory phenotype were reduced. ⑤CD52 CAR-T cells could specifically kill CD52-positive HuT78-19t cells but had no killing effect on CD52-negative MOLT4-19t cells. For CD52 CAR-T cells, the percentage of residual of HuT78-19t cells was (2.66±1.60) % at an the E:T ratio of 1∶1 for 24 h, while (56.66±5.74) % of MOLT4-19t cells survived (P<0.001) . ⑥The results of a degranulation experiment confirmed that HuT78-19t cells significantly activated CD52 CAR-T cells but not MOLT4-19t cells[ (57.34±11.25) % vs (13.06± 4.23) %, P<0.001]. ⑦CD52 CAR-T cells released more cytokines when co-cultured with HuT78-19t cells than that of vector-T cells [IFN-γ: (3706±226) pg/ml, P<0.001; TNF-α: (1732±560) pg/ml, P<0.01]. Conclusions: We successfully prepared CD52 CAR-T cells with anti-leukemia effects, which might provide the foundation for further immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD52 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 376-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of CD33-targeted bi-specific and tri-specific T-cell engagers on T-cell proliferation and explore their cytotoxicity on leukemia cells. Methods: The CD33-targeted bi-specific T-cell engager (CD33-BiTE) and tri-specific T-cell engager (CD33-TriTE) expression vectors were successfully constructed and expressed through a eukaryotic cell expression system. CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were purified by affinity chromatography. The effects of CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE on T cells were analyzed through in vitro experiments. Results: ① CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were successfully constructed and purified and could compete with flow cytometry antibodies for binding to the target cells. ② After 12 days of co-culture with CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE, the number of human T cells were expanded to 33.89±19.46 and 81.56±23.62 folds, respectively. CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferation of T cells than CD33-BiTE (P<0.05) . ③ Both CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE induced specific dose-dependent cytotoxicity on CD33(+) leukemia cells. ④ Compared to CD33-TriTE, leukemia cells were prone to express PD-L1 when co-cultured with T cells and CD33-BiTE. CD33-TriTE induced powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression. Conclusion: CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE expression vectors were constructed, and fusion proteins were expressed in eukaryotic cells. Our results support the proliferative and activating effects of BiTE and TriTE on T cells. Compared to that of CD33-BiTE, CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferative effect on T cells and a more powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/pharmacology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 370-375, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929570

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of interferon regulatory factor 9 (IRF9) expression and identify its role as a potential therapeutic target in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: The gene expression profile and survival data applied in the bioinformatic analysis were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Beat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cohorts. A dox-induced lentiviral system was used to induce the expression of PML-RARα (PR) in U937 cells, and the expression level of IRF9 in U937 cells treated with or without ATRA was examined. We then induced the expression of IRF9 in NB4, a promyelocytic leukemia cell line. In vitro studies focused on leukemic phenotypes triggered by IRF9 expression. Results: ①Bioinformatic analysis of the public database demonstrated the lowest expression of IRF9 in APL among all subtypes of AML, with lower expression associated with worse prognosis. ②We successfully established a PR-expression-inducible U937 cell line and found that IRF9 was downregulated by the PR fusion gene in APL, with undetectable expression in NB4 promyelocytic cells. ③An IRF9-inducible NB4 cell line was successfully established. The inducible expression of IRF9 promoted the differentiation of NB4 cells and had a synergistic effect with lower doses of ATRA. In addition, the inducible expression of IRF9 significantly reduced the colony formation capacity of NB4 cells. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the inducible expression of PR downregulates IRF9 and can be reversed by ATRA, suggesting a specific regulatory relationship between IRF9 and the PR fusion gene. The induction of IRF9 expression in NB4 cells can promote cell differentiation as well as reduce the colony forming ability of leukemia cells, implying an anti-leukemia effect for IRF9, which lays a biological foundation for IRF9 as a potential target for the treatment of APL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Interferon-Stimulated Gene Factor 3, gamma Subunit/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/metabolism , Phenotype , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , U937 Cells
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 229-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929562

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to create a type of CAR-T cells that targets LMP1 antigen and study its immunotherapeutic effect on LMP1-positive hematological malignancies. Methods: To generate LMP1 CAR-T cells, a plasmid expressing LMP1 CAR was created using molecular cloning technology, and T cells were infected with LMP1 CAR lentivirus. The effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells on specific cytotoxicity against LMP1-positive tumor cell lines infected with the EB virus had been confirmed. Results: ① LMP1 protein expressing on EB virus-positive lymphoma cells surface was verified. ② The LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid was created, and LMP1 CAR-T cells were obtained by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system, with an infection efficiency of more than 80% . ③LMP1 CAR-T cells have a 4∶1 effect-to-target ratio in killing LMP1-positive lymphoma cells. The killing effect of LMP1 CAR-T cells on Raji cells was enhanced after 48 h of coculture, but there was no significant killing effect on Ramos, which are LMP1-negative lymphoma cells. ④After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells at a ratio of 1∶1 for 5 h, the degranulation effect was enhanced. The proportion of CD107a(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell treatment group was significantly higher than that in the vector-T cell group [ (13.25±2.94) % vs (1.55±0.05) % , t=3.972, P=0.017]. ⑤After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, the proportion of CD69(+) and CD25(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was significantly higher than that in vector-T cell group [ (7.40±0.41) % vs (3.48±0.47) % , t=6.268, P=0.003; (73.00±4.73) % vs (57.67±2.60) % , t=2.842, P=0.047]. ⑥After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, cytokine secretion in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was higher than that in the vector-T cell group [interferon-gamma: (703±73) ng/L vs (422±87) ng/L, t=2.478, P=0.068; tumor necrosis factor-alpha: (215±35) ng/L vs (125±2) ng/L, t=2.536, P=0.064]. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the LMP1 protein is only found on the surface of the EBV-positive tumor cell. Simultaneously, we created an LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid and obtained LMP1 CAR-T cells by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LMP1 CAR-T cells could specifically kill LMP1-positive tumor cells in vitro. The degranulation and activation effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells were enhanced after coculture with LMP1-positive tumor cells, indicating a potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lentivirus , Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Matrix Proteins
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3524-3534, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964333

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and mechanism of Dengzhan Shengmai (DZSM) against nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). The animal experiment program was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The NAFLD model of Syrian golden hamsters was established by high fat diets. After 6 weeks of DZSM treatment, the serum lipid, hepatic lipid accumulation, liver function and inflammatory response were determined. The regulations of gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids were detected by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method, respectively. The gut barrier function was evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), Western blot and histopathological methods and further verified in HepG2 cells. The results showed that the efficacy of DZSM against NAFLD was remarkably reduced after removal of the gut microbiota. The study of mechanism showed that DZSM significantly regulated the composition of gut microbiota, promoted the production and absorption of intestinal short-chain fatty acids, then leading to the reduction of hepatic lipid accumulation. Moreover, after DZSM treatment, the decreased lipopolysaccharide (LPS) level by improving the intestinal barrier function significantly inhibited the hepatic inflammation through down-regulating Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4)-nuclear factor kappa B (NFKB) signaling pathway. These results indicate that DZSM inhibits NAFLD via regulating intestinal microenvironment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1807-1812, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of pulse oximetry among pediatric healthcare providers in China and analyze the factor influencing the KAP.Methods:A self-developed questionnaire was used for an online research on the KAP of 11 849 pediatric healthcare providers from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities of China from March 11 to 14, 2022.The factors influencing the KAP of pulse oximetry among pediatric healthcare providers were examined by Logistic regression. Results:The scores of KAP, of pulse oximetry were 5.57±0.96, 11.24±1.25 and 11.19±4.54, respectively.The corresponding scoring rates were 69.61%, 74.95%, and 55.99%, respectively. Logistic regression results showed that the gender and working years of pediatric healthcare providers, the region they were located, and whether their medical institution was equipped with pulse oximeters were the main factors affecting the knowledge score (all P<0.05). Main factors influencing the attitude score of pediatric healthcare providers included their knowledge score, gender, educational background, working years, region, medical institution level, and whether the medical institution was equipped with pulse oximeters (all P<0.05). For the practice score, the main influencing factors were the knowledge score, gender, age, and whether the medi-cal institution was equipped with pulse oximeters (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Chinese pediatric healthcare providers need to further improve their knowledge about and attitudes towards pulse oximetry.Pulse oximeters are evidently under-used.It is urgent to formulate policies or guidelines, strengthen education and training, improve knowledge and attitudes, equip more institutions with pulse oximeters, and popularize their application in medical institutions.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1398-1402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the predictive value of miR-424 on the risk of sepsis complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), and to explore its correlation with the prognosis of ARDS children.Methods:A prospective study was conducted.The data of children with sepsis (some complicated with ARDS), who were treated in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital (People′s Hospital, Zhengzhou University) were collected from February 2020 to February 2021.The incidence of ARDS and the fatality rate of ARDS children were recorded.Children were divided into survival group and death group according to whether death or not.The expression of miR-424 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Pearson correlation analysis was made to investigate the relationship between the expression level of miR-424 and Pediatric Critical Illness Score(PCIS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment(SOFA) score, oxygenation index(P/F ratio), C-reactive protein(CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8). The factors affecting the prognosis of ARDS children were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression.Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)was used to assess the accuracy of miR-424 in early diagnosis of sepsis complicated with ARDS, and to measure the predicative value of miR-424 on the risk of death in sepsis patients with ARDS. Results:A total of 121 sepsis patients were included in this study, and 36 cases of them were complicated with ARDS.The expression level of miR-424(0.56±0.17)in the blood of sepsis patients complicated with ARDS was significantly lower than that of sepsis patients without ARDS (0.98±0.26)( t=8.776, P<0.001). The expression of miR-424 was negatively co-rrelated with IL-6( r=-0.627, P<0.01), IL-8 ( r=-0.651, P<0.01) and CRP( r=-0.472, P<0.05)in sepsis patients with ARDS.The expression of miR-424 was positively correlated with PCIS score( r=0.330, P<0.05), P/F ratio ( r=0.592, P<0.001) and albumin ( r=0.496, P<0.05) in sepsis patients with ARDS.The ROC showed that miR-424 [area under curve(AUC)=0.908, 95% CI: 0.856-0.960] could differentiate sepsis patients with ARDS from those without ARDS.Compared with that of the survival group(0.63±0.15), miR-424 of the death group decreased significantly(0.42±0.14)( t=3.890, P<0.05). The decreased miR-424 (AUC=0.845, 95% CI: 0.696-0.995)indicated an increased risk of death in children with ARDS.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that miR-424( OR=0.001, P=0.033)and albumin ( OR=0.553, P=0.040) were independent risk factors for death in ARDS children. Conclusions:miR-424 can help with early diagnosis of sepsis complicated with ARDS, and can be used as a predictor of the prognosis of sepsis children complicated with ARDS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1398-1402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the predictive value of miR-424 on the risk of sepsis complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), and to explore its correlation with the prognosis of ARDS children.Methods:A prospective study was conducted.The data of children with sepsis (some complicated with ARDS), who were treated in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital (People′s Hospital, Zhengzhou University) were collected from February 2020 to February 2021.The incidence of ARDS and the fatality rate of ARDS children were recorded.Children were divided into survival group and death group according to whether death or not.The expression of miR-424 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Pearson correlation analysis was made to investigate the relationship between the expression level of miR-424 and Pediatric Critical Illness Score(PCIS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment(SOFA) score, oxygenation index(P/F ratio), C-reactive protein(CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8). The factors affecting the prognosis of ARDS children were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression.Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)was used to assess the accuracy of miR-424 in early diagnosis of sepsis complicated with ARDS, and to measure the predicative value of miR-424 on the risk of death in sepsis patients with ARDS. Results:A total of 121 sepsis patients were included in this study, and 36 cases of them were complicated with ARDS.The expression level of miR-424(0.56±0.17)in the blood of sepsis patients complicated with ARDS was significantly lower than that of sepsis patients without ARDS (0.98±0.26)( t=8.776, P<0.001). The expression of miR-424 was negatively co-rrelated with IL-6( r=-0.627, P<0.01), IL-8 ( r=-0.651, P<0.01) and CRP( r=-0.472, P<0.05)in sepsis patients with ARDS.The expression of miR-424 was positively correlated with PCIS score( r=0.330, P<0.05), P/F ratio ( r=0.592, P<0.001) and albumin ( r=0.496, P<0.05) in sepsis patients with ARDS.The ROC showed that miR-424 [area under curve(AUC)=0.908, 95% CI: 0.856-0.960] could differentiate sepsis patients with ARDS from those without ARDS.Compared with that of the survival group(0.63±0.15), miR-424 of the death group decreased significantly(0.42±0.14)( t=3.890, P<0.05). The decreased miR-424 (AUC=0.845, 95% CI: 0.696-0.995)indicated an increased risk of death in children with ARDS.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that miR-424( OR=0.001, P=0.033)and albumin ( OR=0.553, P=0.040) were independent risk factors for death in ARDS children. Conclusions:miR-424 can help with early diagnosis of sepsis complicated with ARDS, and can be used as a predictor of the prognosis of sepsis children complicated with ARDS.

19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 193-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937755

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is widely used to treat breast cancer (BC). The prediction and evaluation of chemotherapy responses remains a significant challenge. @*Methods@#MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in cancer drug resistance. We used a miRNA microarray and identified that miR-638 is downregulated in chemoresistant cases.However, the exact role of miR-638 and the underlying mechanisms of chemoresistance remain unclear. Using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, we found significant downregulation of miR-638 in chemoresistant patients compared with chemosensitive patients. To explore the function of miR-638, we overexpressed and inhibited miR-638 expression in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells by transfecting them with miR-638 mimics and miR-638 inhibitor, respectively. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured using MTS and flow cytometry, respectively. A minimal patient-derived xenograft (MiniPDX™) model was established to evaluate the chemosensitivity to different drugs. @*Results@#The results showed that cell proliferation decreased and cell apoptosis increased in cells transfected with the miR-638 mimic, and cell proliferation and apoptosis were reversed with transfection of miR-638 inhibitor compared with the control group. Among patients who received 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), miR-638 expression levels were lower in the chemoresistant group than in the chemosensitive group. The MiniPDX™ model showed that MDA-MB-231 cells overexpressing miR-638 were more susceptible to 5-FU treatment in vivo. @*Conclusion@#We provided evidence of acquired resistance to 5-FU caused by miR-638 deficiency. Alterations in miR-638 may be used with 5-FU chemotherapy during NAC for BC.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 731-734, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of interim @*METHODS@#Twenty-one patients with ENKTL who were pathologically diagnosed at Shanghai General Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Shanghai General Hospital) from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively collected, and @*RESULTS@#After treatment, 11 patients had complete remission (CR), 3 had partial remission (PR), 1 had stable disease (SD), and 6 had disease progression (PD). The CR patients' △SUVmax was significantly higher than non-CR patients [(66.07±22.33)% vs (36.87±23.28)%, t=2.927, P=0.009]. Calculated from the receiver operating curve (ROC), the optimal cut-off point of ΔSUVmax was 51.45%. The median follow-up time was 32 months. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that KPI, DS and ΔSUVmax had significance in predicting PFS and OS (P<0.05). COX regression analysis showed that DS was an independent risk factor affecting PFS (P<0.05), and KPI and ΔSUVmax were independent risk factors affecting OS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Interim


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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