Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1218-1226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014037

ABSTRACT

Aim Human TMPRSS2 is a transmembrane serine protease.In this paper, the structure and func¬tion of the protein were systematically analyzed by bioinformatics, the codon was optimized and the pro- karvotie expression vector was constructed to explore the molecular mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 infecting host cells.Methods The recombinant expression vector pET-22b-TMPRSS2 was generated by molecular clo¬ning technology.The homology, functional sites, sub¬cellular localization, three-dimensional structure and evolutionary characteristics of TMPRSS2 protein were systematically analyzed by using analytical tools such as Protparam, NetPhos3.1, Blast, Clustal X2 and MEGA7.0.Results The prokarvotic expression plas- mid was constructed correctly; TMPRSS2 belongs to medium molecular weight protein, which is composed of 492 amino acid residues.The theoretical isoelectric point is 8.12, the molecular extinction coefficient is 118 145 L • mol~1 • cm"1 , and the half-life is 30 h; TMPRSS2 has 15 potential glycosylation sites and 49 possible phosphorylation sites.It is a transmembrane hydrophilie protein without signal sequenee.In addi¬tion, the protein has 13 potential B-cell epitopes and 7 T-eell epitopes.Seeondarv structure analysis showed that random coil accounted for the highest proportion of TMPRSS2 protein ( 0.453 3) , followed by extended strand (0.252 0).Sequence comparison and evolu¬tionary analysis showed that the highest sequence con¬sistency and closest genetic relationship with human TMPRSS2 was Pan troglodytes, followed by gorilla.Conclusions Human-derived TMPRSS2 protein is ev- olutionarilv conserved and functionally important.Hie results of this study can help to reveal the structure and mechanism of action of TMPRSS2 protein, provide ide¬as for the diagnosis and treatment of COYID-19, and accelerate the research and development process of new drugs targeting TMPRSS2 protein.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 809-817, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922883

ABSTRACT

The bone formation promoter recombinant human parathyroid hormone 1-34 [PTH (1-34)] has a short half-life and low bioavailability. In this study, we prepared a biodegradable and temperature-sensitive hyaluronic acid-poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide (AHA-g-PNIPAAm), and further investigated its effects of PTH (1-34) release and cell behavior as drug carrier. The structure of AHA-g-PNIPAAM was confirmed by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy. Next, PTH (1-34) loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogels were prepared by physical swelling method and their stability was investigated. The morphology of hydrogel was observed by scanning electron microscope. The minimum critical transition temperature and drug release behavior of hydrogels were investigated by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (MTT assay) was used to investigate the toxicity and proliferation effects of PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel on mouse mononuclear macrophage RAW264.7 and mouse precranial osteoblasts MC3T3-E1. The effect of PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel on the differentiation of RAW264.7 was investigated by the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase assay. The results showed that the PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel prepared in this study displayed regular three-dimensional honeycomb structure, and had good stability, thermo-sensitivity and sustained and controlled release properties, which could promote the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells more effectively and inhibit the differentiation of RAW264.7 into osteoclasts.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 743-749, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Studies have indicated that periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) infection may contributed to accelerate the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of inflammation, oxidative stress and the mechanism on atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice with P. gingivalis infection.@*METHODS@#Eight-week-old male ApoE-/- mice (C57BL/6) were maintained under specific pathogen-free conditions and fed regular chow and sterile water after 1 weeks of housing. The animals were randomly divided into two groups: (a) ApoE-/- + PBS (n=8); (b) ApoE-/- + P.gingivalis strain FDC381 (n=8). Both of the groups received intravenous injections 3 times per week for 4 weeks since 8 weeks of age. The sham control group received injections with phosphate buffered saline only, while the P. gingivalis-challenged group with P.gingivalis strain FDC381at the same time. After 4 weeks, oxidative stress mediators and inflammation cytokines were analyzed by oil red O in heart, Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in serum, quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot in aorta.@*RESULTS@#In our study, we found accelerated development of atherosclerosis and plaque formation in aorta with oil red O staining, increased oxidative stress markers [8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), NADPH oxidase (NOX)-2 and NOX-4], as well as increased inflammation cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] in the serum and aorta of the P. gingivalis-infected ApoE-/- mice. Compared with the control group, there was a significant increase protein level of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in aorta after P. gingivalis infection.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest that chronic intravenous infection of P. gingivalis in ApoE-/- mice could accelerate the development of atherosclerosis by disturbing the lipid profile and inducing oxidative stress and inflammation. The NF-κB signaling pathway might play a potential role in the P. gingivalis-accelerated atherogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis , Bacteroidaceae Infections , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Porphyromonas gingivalis
4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1458-1462, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of virtual reality on therapeutic pain in children with spastic cerebral palsy, through the profiles of the pain stress and outcome of rehabilitation treatment. Methods:From September, 2018 to June, 2019, 49 children with spastic cerebral palsy were randomly divided into control group (n = 25) and observation group (n = 24). Both groups received conventional rehabilitative treatment. The observation group wore virtual reality head display, choosing appropriate panoramic cartoon play or head control game according to their intelligence level to immerse themselves in the virtual environment. Both groups were treated five days per week for three weeks, for a total of 15 treatment days. Saliva cortisol was measured same time on the first, fifth, ninth, and 13th treatment days. They were assessed with modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), the Chinese version of Gross Motor Function Test Scale (GMFM) and Pediatric Disability Assessment Scale (PEDI) before and three weeks after treatment. Results:The cortisol levels significantly increased on all the treatment days in both groups (|t| > 3.502, P < 0.05). On the fifth, ninth, and 13th treatment days, the cortisol level was lower in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.224, P < 0.05). After treatment, the MAS score decreased (|Z| > 2.636, P < 0.01), and the scores of PBS and PEDI increased (|Z| > 3.629, P < 0.001) in both groups; the scores of PBS and PEDI were higher in the observation group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.000, P < 0.05) Conclusion:Virtual reality is helpful to alleviate the pain stress in children with spastic cerebral palsy, and it is helpful to improve the effect of rehabilitation treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 744-748, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704151

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of decorin (DCN) on the pathogenesis of schizophrenia by analyzing the correlation between serum DCN levels and cognitive impairment in the first-episode drug-native (FEDN) patients with schizophrenia.Methods 30 FEDN patients with schizophrenia and 30 age and gender matched healthy volunteers (control group) were enrolled.The psychopathological symptoms were assessed by the PANSS and the cognitive function was assessed by the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB).The serum DCN levels were measured by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The difference of DCN levels between the two groups were compared and the correlations of serum DCN levels to age,sex,the score of the MCCB and PANSS were analyzed.Results The serum DCN levels were lower in patients with schizophrenia than those in control group ((1.56±0.96) ng/ml vs (3.35± 1.71) ng/ml,P< 0.01).The serum DCN levels were positively correlated with the positive symptom score (r=0.41,P=0.03).The serum DCN levels were significantly negatively correlated with MCCB verbal fluency (r =-0.40,P =0.04),verbal memory (r=-0.42,P=0.02),visual memory (r=-0.39,P=0.04),continuous operation (r=-0.41,P=0.03),encoding symbols (r=-0.49,P=0.01),T line (r=-0.42,P=0.02) and total score (r=-0.55,P<0.01),and after controlling the age and gender,the relationships were still exist.Conclusion It suggests that serum DCN levels are associated with cognitive function in first-episode patients with schizophrenia,and that DCN may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1043-1047, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507856

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cardioprotection induced by ischemic preconditioning ( IPC) and hypoxic preconditioning ( HPC) which were carried out by using the double cardiopulmonary bypass ( CPB) circuits in in vivo hearts of dogs. Methods Eighteen healthy male dogs, weighing 17?5-24?5 kg, aged 13-24 months, were divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table: my?ocardial ischemia?reperfusion group (group I∕R), IPC group and HPC group. The double CPB circuits were established as follows: systemic and coronary circulation, and independent systemic and coronary cir?culation was carried out. In group IPC, the aorta was clamped, and the coronary circulation pump was sus?pended for 5 min followed by 5 min opening, repeating for 3 cycles. In group HPC, the aorta was clamped, the coronary circulation was started, and pure nitrogen was insufflated for 5 min followed by 5 min of oxygen insufflation, repeating for 3 cycles. CPB was performed for 1 h starting from the time point immediately after IPC or HPC. Before splitting of sternum ( T1 ) , after establishment of double CPB circuits ( T2 ) , at the end of preconditioning ( T3 ) , and at 60 and 120 min after restoration of spontaneous heart beat ( T4,5 ) , heat rate, mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, left ventricular end?systolic pres?sure, left ventricular end?diastolic pressure and the maximum rate of increase∕decrease of left ventricular pressure were recorded. Blood samples were collected from the right internal jugular vein at T1 and T4,5 for determination of serum cardiac troponin I concentrations. The animals were sacrificed after determination of the parameter or after blood sampling at T5 , myocardial specimens were obtained for examination of the ul?trastructure and for detection of apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, and apoptosis index was calculated. Before aortic clamping, immediately after aortic unclamping and at 30 min after aortic unclamping, myocardial specimens were obtained for determination of ATP contents in cardiomyocytes. Results Compared with I∕R group, left ventricular end?systolic pressure was significantly increased, and the serum cardiac troponin I concentrations were significantly decreased at T4,5 , the myocardial ATP contents were significantly in?creased immediately after aortic unclamping and at 30 min after aortic unclamping, apoptosis index was sig?nificantly decreased ( P<0?05 or 0?01) , and the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in IPC and HPC groups. Compared with group IPC, the myocardial ATP contents were significantly increased (P<0?05), and the pathological changes were attenuated in group HPC. Conclusion Both HPC and IPC can exert cardioprotection when carried out by using the double CPB circuits, and HPC provides better cardioprotection than IPC in in vivo hearts of dogs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1433-1438, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:We attempt to explore a low-cost, simple and effective way to cryopreserve bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels at-80℃. OBJECTIVE:To screen the optimal cryopreservation fluid for bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels and to verify the biological features of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels after long-term cryopreservation. METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels were cultured using adherent method and the biological features and purity of cels were detected using immunofluorescence method. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels were cryopreserved in the cryoprotectant medium containing low-sugar DMEM, fetal bovine serum and dimethyl sulfoxide at different proportions at-80℃ for a short term. Then, the optimal cryoprotectant was selected to storage the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels. After 1, 3, 6 months of cryopreservation, the cels were resuscitated, cultured and passaged. Passage cels were identified immunofluorescence method to determine the biological features of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels cryopreserved at-80℃. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Cryoprotectant medium of 80% DMEM+10% fetal bovine serum+10% dimethyl sulfoxide was suitable for cryopreserving MSCs at -80℃, and resuscitated cels were able to proliferate in vitro, and passage normaly, indicating the cryopreserved bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels stil maintain the original biological activity.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 146-148, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488010

ABSTRACT

[Summary] A case of primary hyperparathyroidism ( PHPT ) complicated with Graves′disease was reported.The parathyroid lesion( s) could not be identified by repeated MIBI and ultrasonography tests.With the control of hyperthyroidism, medical therapies of hypercalcemia were still not effective, the serum calcium levels continued to be high.Thus, the decision to operate was made.The pathological findings confirmed the diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma.For PHPT patients with clear surgical indications, even though the pre-operative localizing tests are negative, operation is still worth to try.

9.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 769-775, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72756

ABSTRACT

This retrospective case-control study explored the factors associated with anaphylactic shock during surgery for cystic echinococcosis (CE) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University between October 2008 and September 2013. Patients who suffered from anaphylactic shock (n=16) were age-matched 3:1 to patients who did not (n=43). Multivariate analysis suggested that IL-4 levels (odds ratio=1.096; 95% confidence interval=1.015–1.185; P=0.02) and cyst size (odds ratio=3.028, 95% confidence interval=1.259–7.283, P=0.013) were independently associated with CE-induced perioperative anaphylactic shock. Using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and a cut-off value of 415.7 ng/ml, IL-4 showed an area under the ROC (AUC) of 0.926, sensitivity of 75.0%, and specificity of 97.7%. Using a cut-off value of 7.8 cm, cyst size showed an AUC of 0.828, sensitivity of 81.3%, and specificity of 76.7%. In conclusion, results suggest that levels of IL-4 and cyst size were independently associated with echinococcosis-induced perioperative anaphylactic shock. These results could help identifying patients with echinococcosis at risk of anaphylactic shock in whom appropriate prophylaxis could be undertaken.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaphylaxis , Area Under Curve , Case-Control Studies , Echinococcosis , Echinococcus granulosus , Interleukin-4 , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Zoonoses
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 607-611, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328448

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the proliferation-inhibiting and apoptosis-inducing effects of ursolic acid (UA) and oleanolic acid (OA) on multi-drug resistance (MDR) cancer cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>UA and OA in different concentrations (0-100 μmol/L) were added separately to cultures of different cancer cell lines, including the human colon cancer cell lines SW480 and SW620, human acute myelocytic leukemia cancer cell lines HL60 and HL60/ADR, human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell lines K562 and K562/ADR, and the human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR. Effects of UA and OA on cell proliferation were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazole)-2-5-biphenly-tetrazole bromide (MTT) method and effects on cell apoptosis were tested by flow cytometry (FCM) and Western blot at 24, 48, and 72 h after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both UA and OA showed significant inhibition on parent and MDR cell lines in a time- and concentration-dependent manner; the drug-resistant multiple of them on K562 and K562/ADR as well as on HL60 and HL60/ADR was 1; the effects of UA were better than those of OA in inhibiting cell growth of solid colonic cancer and breast cancer. After SW480 cells were treated by UA at the concentrations of 0-40 μmol/L for 48 h, FCM showed that annexin V (AV) positive cells and hypodiploid peak ratio increased along with the increase in the drug's concentrations; and Western blot found that expressions of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and survivin decreased in a concentration-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both UA and OA have antitumor effects on cancer cells with MDR, and the optimal effect is shown by UA on colonic cancer cells. Also, UA shows cell apoptosis-inducing effect on SW480, possibly by way of down-regulating the expressions of apoptosis antagonistic proteins, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and survivin.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Oleanolic Acid , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 185-189, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution characteristics of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of the toll-like receptor 9 gene (TLR9) in Chinese Han children from Zhejiang province, and their associations with asthma susceptibility and phenotypes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was conducted. A total of 312 asthmatic children aged between 1.9 and 11.6 and 339 age matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study from April 2007 to November 2008. The -1486 C/T in rs187084 and -1237 C/T in rs5743836 loci of the TLR9 gene were genotyped by direct DNA sequencing of the PCR products. Serum levels of IFN gamma, IL-12 and IL-4 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Serum levels of total IgE were detected by chemiluminescence, and serum levels of antigen specific IgE antibodies were detected by fluoroenzymeimmunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The -1486 C/T polymorphism was identified in both groups. The genotype frequencies of TT, TC and CC at -1486 C/T were 41.0%, 44.3%, 14.7% in the healthy controls, and 38.8%, 48.4%, 12.8% in the asthmatic children. The -1237 C/T polymorphism was not detected in the population. (2) There were no statistically significant differences in the allele and genotype frequencies at the -1486 C/T locus between the two groups (P;>0.05). (3) Serum levels of IFN gamma and IL-4 differed significantly among the three genotypes at the -1486 C/T locus in asthmatic children (P<0.01). The CC genotype had the lowest levels of serum IFN gamma and the highest levels of serum IL-4 among the three genotypes. There were no significant differences in these cytokines among the healthy controls (P>0.05). No statistical differences of serum IL-12 were found among the three genotypes in the two groups (P>0.05). (4) There were no significant differences of total IgE (log-transformed) among the three genotypes in the asthmatic children (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The -1237 C/T polymorphism of TLR9 gene was not detected in Chinese Han children in this study. The -1486 C/T polymorphism was associated with the levels of serum IFN gamma and IL-4 in children with asthma. However, there were no correlations between the -1486C/T polymorphism and serum IL-12 levels, total IgE levels or asthmatic susceptibility.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Asthma , Blood , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Toll-Like Receptor 9 , Genetics
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1541-1544, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336147

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of S100A4 in the carcinogenesis, development, invasion and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of S100A4, MMP-2 and E-cadherin proteins in 100 cases of surgically resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expressions of S100A4 mRNA and protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma line EC-1 and TE-1. Boyden-chamber model in vitro was utilized to detect the invasion ability of EC-1 and TE-1 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positivity rate of S100A4 protein was 52.0% was in esophageal carcinoma tissues, significantly higher than that in normal tissues (26.0%) (P<0.01). The expression of S100A4 was related to tumor grading, invasive depth and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). In esophageal carcinoma, the expression of S100A4 was positively correlated to MMP-2 expression (P<0.01), but inversely to E-cadherin expression (P<0.05). The expressions of S100A4 mRNA (0.894-/+0.021) and protein (0.897-/+0.053) in EC-1 cells were significantly higher than those in TE-1 (0.812-/+0.040 and 0.645-/+0.089, respectively, P<0.01), and the invasion ability of EC-1 cells was significantly higher than that of TE-1 cells (91.00-/+17.44 vs 61.80-/+11.10, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The overexpression of S100A4 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue and highly invasive EC-1 cells may contribute to the carcinogenesis, development, invasion and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cadherins , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4 , S100 Proteins , Metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 280-283, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326383

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of pravastatin on the proliferation and invasion of human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of pravastatin on the proliferation, migration and invasion of HepG2 cells was observed by MTT assay, Boyden chamber assay and motility assay. p38 activity was measured, and the expression of p-p38, MKP-1, RhoC and MMP-2 was analyzed by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pravastatin inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells. The intracellular p38 activity and expressions of p-p38, RhoC and MMP-2 were decreased, while MKP-1 expression was elevated in pravastatin treated cells. In addition, pravastatin inhibited the invasion and motility.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pravastatin can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of HepG2 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Hep G2 Cells , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pravastatin , Pharmacology
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 263-267, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319713

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of KISS-1 expression on the potential of invasion and proliferation of esophageal squamous carcinoma cell EC-1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Protein and mRNA expressions of KISS-1 were evaluated by Western blot and RT-PCR in four esophageal carcinoma cell lines (EC-1, Eca109, EC9706 and TE-1). Using liposome-mediated transfection, an eukaryotic expression vector (pcDNA3.1-KISS-1) of KISS-1 gene was transfected into EC-1 cells. Boyden chamber model, MTT and clone formation assay were used to detect the potential of invasion and proliferation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Western blot and RT-PCR showed a baseline low level of expression of KISS-1 protein (0.715 +/- 0.109) and mRNA (0.670 +/- 0.176) in EC-1 cells. pcDNA3.1-KISS-1 expression vector was successfully transfected into EC-1 cells. Western blot and RT-PCR showed that the expression of KISS-1 protein (1.143 +/- 0.218) and mRNA (0.877 +/- 0.162) in EC-1 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-KISS-1 were significantly higher than those transfected with the control vector pcDNA3.1 (0.745 +/- 0.130, 0.685 +/- 0.128; t = 3.850, 2.481, P < 0.05) and the control cells (0.855 +/- 0.184, 0.677 +/- 0.138; t = 2.275, 2.306, P < 0.05). Boyden chamber analysis showed that the invasiveness of the cells transfected with KISS-1 at 24 h (91.8 +/- 11.7), 48 h (117.8 +/- 11.1) and 72 h (139.2 +/- 11.8) were significantly reduced than that of the cells transfected with the control vector pcDNA3.1 (118.1 +/- 14.7, 141.7 +/- 13.2, 162.2 +/- 22.7; t = 3.153, 4.215, 3.569, P < 0.01) and the control cells (112.2 +/- 15.6, 138.1 +/- 13.0, 162.3 +/- 14.0; t = 4.154, 3.797, 2.702, P < 0.05). MTT showed that the proliferation potential of cells after transfection with KISS-1 at 48 h (0.517 +/- 0.127) and 72 h (0.394 +/- 0.137) were significantly reduced than that of cells transfected with the control vector pcDNA3.1 (0.636 +/- 0.186, 0.513 +/- 0.150; t = 2.054, 2.709, P < 0.05) and the control cells (0.646 +/- 0.135, 0.511 +/- 0.153; t = 2.276, 2.205, P < 0.05). Clone formation assay suggested that cells transfected with KISS-1 (157.2 +/- 36.4) showed significantly decreased clone formation than cells transfected with the control vector pcDNA3.1 (236.3 +/- 78.1; t = 3.441, P < 0.01) and the control cells (242.5 +/- 48.6; t = 2.250, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>KISS-1 gene inhibits the potential of invasion and proliferation of EC-1 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Genetic Vectors , Kisspeptins , Neoplasm Invasiveness , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Transfection , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Physiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 349-352, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401246

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of acute hypervolemic hemodilution(AHHD)on the onset and recovery of muscle relaxation induced by vecuronium.Methods Thirty-two ASA Ⅰ orⅡpatients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia were randomly divided into 2 groups(n=16 each):control group and AHHD group.A loading dose of vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg Was given at 10 min after AHHD following tracheal intubatiom The muscular relaxation was maintained at Tl/Tc 5% to 15% by supplement with intravenous vecuroninm.Blood samples were taken at various times during AHHD for chemical analysis.The onset and recovery time of muscular relaxation were recorded.Results Compared with control group ,Hct,Hb and the concentration of TP and Alb were decreased,and the onset and recovery time of vecuronium were shortened in group AHHD(P<0.05).Conclusion Acute hypervolemic hemodihtion can shorten the onset and recovery of muscle relaxation of vecuronium in patients under general anethesia.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1037-1040, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270216

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the etiopathogenesis, therapy and incidence of pulmonary infection in kidney transplantation recipients taking new immunosuppressant.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data from 752 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed, who were divided into 3 groups according to the immunosuppressants administered, namely group A (CsA+MMF+Pred, n=226), group B (FK506+MMF+Pred, n=386) and group C (FK506+Rap+Pred, n=140). The incidence and mortality of pulmonary infection were recorded and the analysis of etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of pulmonary infection were carried out in the 3 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifty-three patients acquired post-transplant pulmonary infection. The incidence of pulmonary infection was 7.08% (16/226) in group A, 7.25% (28/386) in group B and 6.43% (9/140) in group C. One patient died in group A and 2 in group B. Among the 53 patients, 24 had simple bacterial infection, 9 had cytomegalovirus infection, 1 had mycotic infection, 17 had combined infection, and 2 had unidentified pathogen infection. Of the pathogenic bacteria detected, 68.35% were Gram-negative.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gram-negative bacteria are most likely responsible for pulmonary infection after kidney transplantation, which most possibly occurs within 6 months after kidney transplantation. Early diagnosis and early treatment are critical for decreasing the mortality of severe pneumonia and for improving the survival rate of the patients and grafts.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cyclosporine , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kidney Transplantation , Lung Diseases , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Tacrolimus
17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 677-680, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347700

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the role of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy induced by hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using immunofluorescent labeling, confocal microscopy and Western blotting, the expression and subcellular localization of FAK in the cardiac myocytes of left ventricle were determined in 2, 6, 12, and 18 month-old rats with spontaneously hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) along with age-matched control Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference of FAK expression between 2 month-old SHHF and WKY rats (50.5+/-6.9 vs. 49.8+/-5.0, n=6, P>0.05). In contrast with the control groups, the expression of FAK significantly increased in 6, 12 and 18 month-old SHHF rats (130.6+/-3.0 vs. 47.3+/-1.3, 144.7+/-5.4 vs. 46.4+/-3.1, 141.4+/-9.8 vs. 48.5+/-2.2, each groups n=6, P<0.05) with FAK protein primarily cumulated in the intercalated disks and nuclei.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>FAK may play a role in the cell signaling transduction leading to cardiac hypertrophy, presumably through regulations of hypertrophic gene transcription and RNA processing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Hypertension , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Microscopy, Confocal , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Signal Transduction
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1090-1092, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the long-term effect and safety of tacrolimus (FK506) and cyclosporine (CsA) in kidney transplant (KT) recipients carrying hepatitis B Virus(HBV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 109 patients with HBV were randomized into FK506 group (52 cases) and CsA group (57 cases) after KT, and a 2-year-long follow-up of the patients was conducted to record the patient and graft survival, incidence of acute graft rejection and postoperative liver function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 2-year patient/graft survival was 86.0%/73.7% and 94.2%/90.3% in CsA and FK506 groups, respectively (P<0.05), with incidence of acute rejection of 10.5% and 9.6% (P>0.05), and rate of abnormal liver function of 26.3% and 15.4% (P<0.05), respectively. Eight patients (14.4%) in CsA group required a drug conversion but none in FK506 group. The drug conversion resulted in significant reduction of ALT/AST level from 255.13+/-31.38/201.88+/-21.25 U/L to 31.25+/-11.50/25.13+/-9.68 U/L (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For HBV-carrying renal transplant recipients, FK506 as the primary choice of immunosuppressant can be more effective and safer than CsA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carrier State , Cyclosporine , Pharmacology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Graft Rejection , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Metabolism , Hepatitis B virus , Kidney Transplantation , Liver , Physiology , Tacrolimus , Pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL