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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 320-324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960959

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes in anterior chamber depth(ACD), axial length(AL), and corneal curvature(K)after operation in patients with high axial myopia combined with cataract, and the effect on postoperative mean refractive error(MFE)by different surgical approaches.METHODS: A total of 126 patients(126 eyes)performed cataract combined with intraocular lens(IOL)implantation were selected and divided into 3 groups according to different surgical approaches and axial length. Group A included 42 patients(42 eyes)who had cataract combined with high myopia and were performed cataract phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation; Group B included 42 patients(42 eyes)who had cataract combined with high myopia and underwent small incision cataract extracapsular extraction combined with IOL implantation; Group C included 42 patients(42 eyes)who had cataract with normal axial length and underwent cataract phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation. Then, the ACD, AL, K value and visual acuity of the three groups at 1d before operation and 3mo after operation were measured, and statistical analysis was performed.RESULTS: The differences in the mean values of preoperative and postoperative changes in ACD(△ACD)and AL(△AL)between groups A and B showed no statistical significance. The differences in the mean values of △ACD and △AL between groups A and C and groups B and C were both statistically significant(both P<0.01). △ACD and △AL in all three groups showed positive correlation(rA=0.855, rB=0.856, rC=0.639, all P<0.05). Furthermore, preoperative AL, △AL, △ACD and MFE in all three groups showed positive correlation(rA=0.874, 0.877, 0.858, rB=0.875, 0.879, 0.858, rC=0.428, 0.766, 0.862, all P<0.05). The standardized regression coefficients of groups A and B were △AL>△ACD(1.32 and 1.31 times), and the standardized regression coefficients of group C were △ACD>△AL(1.66 times).CONCLUSION: Different surgical procedures had no significant effect on the postoperative K value and MFE in patients with high axial myopia combined with cataract, of which main influencing factor is the change in the AL before and after surgery. The postoperative MFE in patients with normal AL was more due to the change of ACD.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 312-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960957

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation.METHODS:The retrospective study enrolled 22 cases(26 eyes)of cataract patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation from August 2020 to August 2021. Follow-up to 3mo after surgery, the changes of far, intermediate and near visual acuity, aberration, Strehl ratio(SR)and modulation transfer function cutoff(MTF-cutoff)frequency were compared. Defocus curve at 1mo postoperatively was made, and the visual quality and satisfaction were evaluated after 3mo of surgery.RESULTS: The visual acuity of all patients was better than 0.1(LogMAR)at the far, intermediate and near distance at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo postoperatively, and it was significantly improved compared with those before surgery(all P<0.01). The defocus curve transitioned smoothly between +0.5 and -3.0D at 1mo after surgery, and visual acuity was better than 0.63. The total aberration and spherical aberration in the whole eye were significantly lower after surgery than before, and the SR and MTF-cutoff were significantly improved at 1d and 1wk after surgery(all P<0.05). With high satisfaction and good visual quality, patients could watch at far, intermediate and near distance without wearing glasses at 3mo after surgery.CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation gave patients a comfortable and satisfactory full-course vision.

3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986115

ABSTRACT

Computer-assisted technology are gradually integrated into dental education and clinical treatment. As a cutting-edge technology in computer-aided medicine, augmented reality can not only be used as an aid to dental education by presenting three-dimensional scenes for teaching demonstration and experimental skills training, but also can superimpose virtual image information of patients onto real lesion areas for real-time feedback and intraoperative navigation. This review explores the current applications and limitations of augmented reality in dentistry to provide a reference for future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Augmented Reality , Oral Medicine , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 39-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on nerve injury markers and prognosis in patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCOP) . Methods: In May 2021, 103 ASCOP patients were treated in the emergency department of Harrison International Peace Hospital of Hebei Medical University from November 2020 to January 2021. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they received tDCS treatment. The control group (50 cases) were given oxygen therapy (hyperbaric oxygen and oxygen inhalation) , reducing cranial pressure, improving brain circulation and cell metabolism, removing oxygen free radicals and symptomatic support, and the observation group (53 cases) was treated with 2 weeks of tDCS intensive treatment on the basis of conventional treatment. All patients underwent at least 24 h bispectral index (BIS) monitoring, BIS value was recorded at the hour and the 24 h mean value was calculated. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and serum S100B calcium-binding protein (S100B) were detected after admission, 3 d, 7 d and discharge. Follow-up for 60 days, the incidence and time of onset of delayed encephalopathy (DEACMP) with acute carbon monoxide poisoning in the two groups were recorded. Results: The NSE and S100B proteins of ASCOP patients were significantly increased at admission, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.711, 0.326) . The NSE and S100B proteins were further increased at 3 and 7 days after admission. The increase in the observation group was slower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P(3 d)=0.045, 0.032, P(7 d)=0.021, 0.000) ; After 14 days, it gradually decreased, but the observation group decreased rapidly compared with the control group, with a statistically significant difference (P=0.009, 0.025) . The 60 day follow-up results showed that the incidence of DEACMP in the observation group was 18.87% (10/53) , compared with 38.00% (19/50) in the control group (P=0.048) ; The time of DEACMP in the observation group[ (16.79±5.28) d] was later than that in the control group[ (22.30±5.42) d], and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.013) . Conclusion: The early administration of tDCS in ASCOP patients can prevent the production of NSE and S100B proteins, which are markers of nerve damage. and can improve the incidence and time of DEACMP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Brain Diseases/therapy , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/therapy , Oxygen , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Prognosis , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 142-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970148

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and application value of intraoperative direct immunohistochemical (IHC) staining in improving the diagnosis accuracy in difficult cases of bronchiolar adenoma (BA). Methods: Nineteen cases with single or multiple pulmonary ground-glass nodules or solid nodules indicated by imaging in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January to July 2021 and with difficulty in differential diagnosis at frozen HE sections were selected. In the experimental group, direct IHC staining of cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6) and p63 was performed on frozen sections to assist the differentiation of BA from in situ/micro-invasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the control group, two pathologists performed routine frozen HE section diagnosis on these 19 cases. The diagnostic results of paraffin sections were used as the gold standard. The sensitivity and specificity of BA diagnosis, consistency with paraffin diagnosis and time used for frozen diagnosis were compared between the experimental group and the control group. Results: The basal cells of BA were highlighted by CK5/6 and p63 staining. There were no basal cells in the in situ/microinvasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the experimental group, the sensitivity and specificity with aid of direct IHC staining for BA were 100% and 86.7%, respectively, and the Kappa value of frozen and paraffin diagnosis was 0.732, and these were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The average time consumption in the experimental group (32.4 min) was only 7 min longer than that in the control group (25.4 min). Conclusions: Direct IHC staining can improve the accuracy of BA diagnosis intraoperatively and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis, but require significantly longer time. Thus frozen direct IHC staining should be restricted to cases with difficulty in differentiating benign from malignant diseases, especially when the surgical modalities differ based on the frozen diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraffin , Sensitivity and Specificity , Adenocarcinoma in Situ , Adenoma/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Frozen Sections/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze clinicopathological features of circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and investigate the risk factors for deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion retrospectively. Methods: A total of 116 cases of esophageal squamous epithelial high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed by gastroscopy, biopsy pathology and endoscopic resection pathology during November 2013 to October 2021 were collected, and their clinicopathological features were analyzed. The independent risk factors of deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results: The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drinking history (OR=3.090, 95% CI: 1.165-8.200; P<0.05), The AB type of intrapapillary capillary loop (IPCL) (OR=11.215, 95% CI: 3.955-31.797; P<0.05) were the independent risk factors for the depth of invasion. The smoking history (OR=5.824, 95% CI: 1.704-19.899; P<0.05), the presence of avascular area (AVA) (OR=3.393, 95% CI: 1.285-12.072; P<0.05) were the independent factors for the angiolymphatic invasion. Conclusions: The risk of deep submucosal infiltration is greater for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with drinking history and IPCL type B2-B3 observed by magnifying endoscopy, while the risk of angiolymphatic invasion should be vigilant for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with smoking history and the presence of AVA observed by magnifying endoscopy. Ultrasound endoscopy combined with narrowband imagingand magnification endoscopy can improve the accuracy of preoperative assessment of the depth of infiltration of superficial squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and angiolymphaticinvasion in the whole perimeter of the esophagus, and help endoscopists to reasonably grasp the indications for endoscopic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Esophagoscopy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/surgery , Margins of Excision , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 291-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984722

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors programmed death 1 (PD-1) has made great progress in the treatment of esophageal cancer and is rewriting the global paradigm for the treatment of esophageal cancer. According to current data, only a small number of patients with esophageal cancer could benefit from immunotherapy. Therefore, it is a challenge to screen the potential beneficiaries of PD-1 inhibitors. Studies have shown that the expression level of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in esophageal cancer is closely associated with the efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors, and PD-L1 is the most important predictive biomarker of the efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors. With the clinical application of different PD-1 inhibitors and PD-L1 protein expression detection platforms, clarifying the clinical significance and timing of detection of PD-L1 protein expression in esophageal cancer, and establishing a standardized PD-L1 testing procedure, are of great significance to improve the accuracy of detection and reduce the difference between laboratories, so as to maximize the therapeutic benefits for patients. This consensus was finally reached, based on the combination of literature, expert experience, and internal discussion and voting of committee members, to provide an accurate and reliable evidence for clinicians to make decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Consensus , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Immunotherapy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 438-446, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000866

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose This study aimed to determine the changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients who received different durations of hemodialysis (HD) using arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging. @*Methods@#The study included 46 patients who received HD and 24 demographically similar healthy controls (HCs). Patients who received HD were divided into three subgroups based on its duration: HD-1 (n=15, dialysis duration ≤24 months), HD-2 (n=16, dialysis duration >24 and ≤72 months), and HD-3 (n=15, dialysis duration ≥73 months). All subjects completed the Mini Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment tests, and the patients who received HD underwent laboratory tests. Group-level differences in the global and regional CBFs between patients who received HD and HCs were assessed. Correlation analysis was performed to evaluate the associations among CBF, clinical variables, and cognitive function. @*Results@#Compared with HCs, global and regional CBFs were significantly increased in the HD-1 and HD-2 groups (p0.05). However, compared with the HD-1 group, the HD-3 group had significantly decreased global and regional CBFs (p<0.05). The cognitive function was worse in patients who received long-term HD than in HCs. Increased dialysis duration and hemoglobin level were predictive risk factors for decreased CBF in patients who received long-term HD. @*Conclusions@#Patients who received long-term HD with normal CBF had worse cognitive function, which may be related to increased dialysis duration.

9.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1097-1102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998957

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantify the setup errors for the different anatomical sites of patients who received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with linear accelerator on-board kilovolt fan beam CT(kV-FBCT) as non-isocenter IGRT and megavolt cone beam CT (MV-CBCT) as isocenter IGRT. Methods A retrospective analysis was performedon 70 patients who underwent radiotherapy, kV-FBCT, and/or MV-CBCT scans after each routine setup prior to IMRT. The average displacement (M), systematic error (Σ), and random error (б) at different treatment sites in the left-right, anterior-posterior, and cranial-caudal directions were calculated according to the individual displacements. The formula 2.5Σ+0.7б was used to estimate the PTV margin in respective direction. For each single patient, the root mean square in three directions was used as 3D displacement. Results A total of 1130 displacements were recorded in the 70 patients. The PTV margin was estimated to be 1.9-3.1 mm in head and neck cancer, 2.8-5.1 mm in thoracic cancer, 4.6-5.1 mm in breast cancer, 3.0-5.5 mm in upper abdominal cancer, and 3.5-6.8 mm in pelvic tumor. For the 3D mean displacements, the head and neck, thoracic, breast, upper abdominal, and pelvic cancer were 2.4±1.0, 4.0±1.6, 4.1±2.0, 4.6±2.1, and 4.6±2.1 mm, respectively. The average 3D displacement obtained by kV-FBCT and MV-CBCT were 4.1 and 3.4 mm, respectively (P=0.212). Conclusion The quantitative setup-error data can be obtained using linear accelerator on-board FBCT, and the non-isocenter IGRT induced set-up error cannot be negligible.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 293-301, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934046

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of membrane-bound CD127 (mCD127) and soluble CD127 (sCD127) in patients with sepsis, and to assess the mechanism of IL-7 in regulating CD8 + T cell activity in these patients. Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted on 47 patients with sepsis (sepsis group) and 18 healthy controls (control group). Serum samples and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated. CD8 + T cells were purified. IL-7 and sCD127 levels in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression of mCD127 on CD8 + T cells was measured by flow cytometry. Total CD127 and sCD127 expression at mRNA level in CD8 + T cells was semi-quantified by real-time PCR. CD8 + T cells were stimulated with recombinant human IL-7, along with signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) inhibitor or phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. Changes in mCD127 expression on CD8 + T cells and the expression of total CD127 and sCD127 at mRNA level were then measured. The cytotoxicity of CD8 + T cells in response to IL-7 stimulation was assessed using a co-culture system with CD8 + T cells and MCF-7 cells. Student′s t test and LSD- t test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Serum IL-7 and sCD127 were lower in sepsis group than in control group [(101.82±12.58) pg/ml vs (111.07±11.10) pg/ml, P<0.01; (278.58±62.31) pg/ml vs (334.62±70.55) pg/ml, P<0.01]. Serum IL-7 was positively correlated with serum sCD127 in patients with sepsis ( r=0.46, P<0.01). The percentage of mCD127 + CD8 + T cells in CD8 + T cells and the mean fluorescence intensity of mCD127 in sepsis group were higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). The expression of sCD127 at mRNA level in CD8 + T cells was lower in sepsis group than in control group (1.34±0.33 vs 1.80±0.60, P<0.001). Stimulation with recombinant human IL-7 promoted sCD127 secretion and total CD127 and sCD127 expression at mRNA level in CD8 + T cells ( P<0.05). Inhibition of STAT5 suppressed the IL-7-induced sCD127 secretion and total CD127 and sCD127 expression at mRNA level ( P<0.05). However, inhibition of PI3K could not achieve those effects ( P>0.05). CD8 + T cells-induced target cell death was inhibited in sepsis group as compared with that in control group [(12.49±2.12)% vs (23.83±3.76)%, P<0.001]. Recombinant human IL-7 promoted the CD8 + T cell-induced target cell death ( P<0.05) and increased the secretion of cytokines and cytotoxic granule proteins ( P<0.05). Inhibition of STAT5 suppressed IL-7-mediated CD8 + T cell cytotoxicity ( P<0.05). However, inhibition of PI3K did not affect IL-7-mediated CD8 + T cell cytotoxicity ( P>0.05). Conclusions:IL-7 promoted sCD127 secretion and enhanced the in vitro cytotoxicity of CD8 + T cells in patients with sepsis through STAT5 signal pathway.

11.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 664-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the different factors affecting platelet production post transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) isolated from different sources in order to explore novel options for treating platelet depletion following HSCs transplantation.Methods:HSCs and their downstream derivatives including myeloid and lymphoid cells (i.e., collective of mononuclear cells (MNCs)), were isolated from E14.5 fetal liver (FL) and bone marrow (BM) of 8-week-old mice by Ficoll separation technique. These cells were subsequently transplanted into the tibia bone marrow cavity of recipient mice post lethal myeloablative treatment in order to construct the FL-MNCs and BM-MNCs transplantation mouse model. Routine blood indices were examined in these recipient mice. The chimeric rate of donor cells in recipient peripheral blood cells were determined by flow cytometry. Different groups of cells involved in platelet reconstruction were analyzed. CD41 +megakaryocytes were sorted from fetal liver or bone marrow using magnetic beads, which were then induced to differentiate into platelets in an in vitro assay . Quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of platelet-related genes in CD41 +megakaryocytes from the two sources. Results:Both the FL-MNCs and the BM-MNCs transplantation groups resumed normal hematopoiesis at the 4th week after transplantation, and the blood cells of the recipient mice were largely replaced by the donor cells. Compared with the mice transplanted with BM-MNCs, the platelet level of mice transplanted with FL-MNCs recovered faster and were maintained at a higher level. At week 4, the PLT level of the FL-MNCs group was (1.45±0.37)×10 12/L, and of the BM-MNCs group was (1.22±0.24)×10 12/L, P<0.05. The FL-MNCs contain a higher proportion of hematopoietic stem cells (Lin -Sca-1 +c-Kit +)(7.60%±1.40%) compared to the BM-MNCs (1.10%±0.46%), P<0.01; the proportion of the megakaryocyte progenitor cells (Lin -Sca-1 -c-Kit +CD41 +CD150 +) and mature megakaryocyte cells (CD41 +CD42b +), also differ significantly between the FL-MNCs (3.05%±0.22%, 1.60%±0.06%, respectively) and the BM-MNCs (0.15%±0.02%, 0.87%±0.11%, respectively) groups, both P<0.01. In vitro functional studies showed that FL-MNCs-CD41 +megakaryocytes could produce proplatelet-like cells more quickly after induction, with proplatelet-like cells formation on day 3 and significant platelet-like particle formation on day 5, in contrast to bone marrow-derived BM-MNCs-CD41 +megakaryocytes that failed to form proplatelet-like cell on day 5. In addition, FL-MNCs-CD41 +cells expressed higher levels of platelet-related genes, Mpl (3.25-fold), Fog1 (3-fold), and Gata1 (1.5-fold) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the BM-MNCs group, the FL-MNCs transplantation group appears to have a more efficient platelet implantation effect in the HSCs transplantation recipient in vivo , as well as a higher platelet differentiation rate in vitro. This might be related to a higher proportion of megakaryocytes and higher expression levels of genes such as Mpl, Fog1, and Gata1 that could be important for platelet formation in FL-MNCs-CD41 +cells. Further exploration of the specific functions of these genes and the characteristics of the different proportions of the donor cells will provide valuable clues for the future treatment of platelets reconstitution after HSCs transplantation clinically.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 31-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940690

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome model with yin deficiency and internal heat, discuss the rationality of model evaluation, and analyze differentially expressed genes in multiple dimensions to explore the molecular mechanism-signaling pathways as well as key targets of Baihe Dihuangtang (BHDH) in treating depression with Yin deficiency and internal heat. MethodForty male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank control group,a model group,a fluoxetine group (positive drug),a BHDH group, and a Zhibai Dihuangtang group (positive drug for Yin deficiency and internal heat). The depression model with Yin deficiency and internal heat was induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)combined with Chinese herbal drugs with warm and heat nature. The model established was comprehensively evaluated by the detection of the basic condition, behavioral performance, and biochemical indicators of rats in each group. The differentially expressed genes were screened out by mRNA sequencing and underwent Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was plotted and key genes were analyzed to explore the underlying mechanism of BHDH in treating depression with Yin deficiency and internal heat. ResultThe comparison of basic conditions, behavioral assays, energy metabolism, endocrine hormones, cytokines, and neurotransmitters showed that the model was properly induced. BHDH could significantly improve depression with Yin deficiency and internal heat by regulating the pathways related to the nervous system, endocrine system, and inflammatory and immune system. The key genes of the PPI network were Fos, Epha8, Npy2r, Htr2c, and Nr4a1. ConclusionUnder the guidance of TCM theories of treatment based on syndrome differentiation and etiology and pathogenesis,this study established a depression model with yin deficiency and internal heat in animals and evaluation system in accordance with the symptoms and signs of emotional diseases, and further confirmed the scientificity of the modeling method and the underlying mechanism of BHDH in interfering with depression with Yin deficiency and internal heat based on the results of mRNA sequencing.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 266-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940612

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and depression are both incurable chronic diseases, which are complementary and integrated. They are clinically called diabetic depression. A large number of epidemiological and clinical studies have confirmed that diabetes interacts with depression, leading to complex conditions of diabetic depression, difficult treatment, and poor prognosis. Diabetes and depression are considered two independent diseases in the majority of the existing clinical methods for the treatment of diabetic depression, with many defects such as low efficiency and severe side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment of diabetic depression, characterized by multiple targets, multiple pathways, and overall coordination, can adjust the synergy between multiple systems of the body and is advantageous in the treatment of diabetic depression. However, the evaluation of the efficacy of TCM in the treatment of diabetic depression is mostly limited to the improvement of clinical symptoms, the control of blood sugar level, and the score of depression scale, and there is a lack of in-depth research on the mechanism of action. Therefore, many researchers are devoted to exploring the underlying mechanism of TCM in the treatment of diabetes combined with depression. Clarifying the comorbidity mechanism is the key in treating diabetic depression. In this study, we made an introduction according to the mechanism based on the relevant research reports on the treatment of diabetic depression with TCM and summarized its specific mechanisms, including insulin resistance, oxidative stress and inflammation, and nervous system disorder. The interaction between the various mechanisms has further aggravated the complexity of diabetic depression. We have drawn a diagram of the mechanism pathways of diabetic depression in order to provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 452-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube based on Chinese digital visual human dataset, and the deformation and pressure changes of the middle ear-eustachian tube system after eustachian tube opening are simulated by computer numerical simulation. Methods: The first female Chinese Digital Visual Human data was adopted. The images were imported by Amira image processing software, and the images were segmented by Geomagic software to form a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube system, including eustachian tube, tympanum, tympanic membrane, auditory ossicles, and mastoid air cells system. The 3D model was imported into Hypermesh software for meshing and analysis. The structural mechanics calculation was carried out by Abaqus, and gas flow was simulated by Xflow. The tissue deformation and middle ear pressure changes during eustachian tube opening were numerically simulated by fluid-solid coupling algorithm. Several pressure monitoring points including tympanum, mastoid, tympanic isthmus, and external auditory canal were set up in the model, and the pressure changes of each monitoring point were recorded and compared. Results: In this study, a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube and a numerical simulation model of middle ear ventilation were established, including eustachian tube, tympanum, mastoid air cells, tympanic membrane, and auditory ossicles. The dynamic changes of the model after ventilation could be divided into five stages according to the pressure. In addition, the pressure changes of tympanum and tympanic isthmus were basically synchronous, and the pressure changes of mastoid air cells system were later than that of tympanum and tympanic isthmus, which verified the pressure buffering effect of mastoid. The extracted pressure curve of the external auditory canal was basically consistent with that of tympanometry in terms of value and trend, which verified the effectiveness of the model. Conclusions: The numerical simulation model of middle ear-eustachian tube ventilation established in this paper can simulate the tissue deformation and middle ear pressure changes after eustachian tube opening, and its accuracy and effectiveness are also verified. This not only lays a foundation for further research, but also provides a new research method for the study of middle ear ventilation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China , Ear, Middle , Eustachian Tube , Human Body , Middle Ear Ventilation
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 413-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942903

ABSTRACT

Objective: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of undifferentiated early gastric cancer (UD-EGC) remains controversial due to high positive rate of horizontal and vertical resection margins and the risk of lymph node metastasis. The purpose of this study was to compare long-term outcomes of patients with UD-EGC undergoing ESD versus surgery. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients with early gastric cancer undergoing ESD or surgical resection; (2) histological types included poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated adenocarcima with signet ring cell carcinoma, and signet ring cell carcinoma; (3) no lymph node metastasis or distant metastasis was confirmed by preoperative CT and endoscopic ultrasonography. Exclusion criteria: (1) previous surgical treatment for gastric cancer; (2) synchronous tumors; (3) death with unknown cause; (4) additional surgical treatment was performed within 1 month after ESD. According to the above criteria, clinical data of patients with UD-EGC who received ESD or surgery treatment in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2009 to December 2016 were collected. After further comparing the clinical outcomes between the two groups by 1:1 propensity score matching, 61 patients in the ESD group and 61 patients in the surgery group were finally included in this study. The disease-free and overall survivals were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: All patients in the two groups completed operations successfully. In the ESD group, the median operation time was 46.3 (26.5, 102.3) minutes, 61 cases (100%) were en-bloc resection, and 57 cases (93.4%) were complete resection. Positive margin was found in 4 (6.6%) patients, of whom 2 were positive in horizontal margin and 2 were positive both in horizontal and vertical margins. In the surgery group, only 1 case had positive horizontal margin and no positive vertical margin was observed. There was no significant difference in the positive rate of margin between the two groups (P>0.05). Median follow-up time was 59.8 (3.0, 131.5) months. The follow-up rate of ESD group and surgery group was 82.0% (50/61) and 95.1% (58/61), respectively. The 5-year disease-free survival rate in ESD group and surgery group was 98.2% and 96.7%, respectively (P=0.641), and the 5-year overall survival rate was 98.2% and 96.6%, respectively (P=0.680). In the ESD group, 1 patient (1.6%) had lymph node recurrence, without local recurrence or distant metastasis. In the surgery group, 1 case (1.6%) had anastomotic recurrence and 1 (1.6%) had distant metastasis. Conclusion: ESD has a sinilar long-term efficacy to surgery in the treatment of UD-EGC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastric Mucosa , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1122-1127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the endoscopic and pathological characteristics of gastric adenomatous polyps and to assess the potential risk factors for canceration of gastric adenomatous polyps.@*METHODS@#The endoscopic and pathological characteristics of the patients with gastric adenomatous polyps from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2019 were summarized retrospectively, and the risk factors of canceration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 125 patients with gastric adenomatous polyps were included, 51.20% of whom were females. The average age was (66.7±12.3) years. 64.80% of patients with gastric adenomatous polyps equal or more than 65 years old, and only 5.60% of the patients less than 45 years old. Adenomatous polyps were mostly distributed in the corpus and antrum with 40.80% and 32.80%, respectively. The majority of them were single (90.40%) and sessile (76.81%). 65.4% of adenomatous polyps were no more than 1.0 cm in diameter, and 23.20% of patients with adenomatous polyps were combined with hyperplastic polyps and/or fundus glandular polyps, and 1.60% had both pathological types of polyps. 58.62% (17/29) patients with hyperplastic polyps and/or fundus glandular polyps had multiple polyps. 1.60% (2/125) of the patients had gastric neuroendocrine tumor of G1 stage. Synchronous gastric cancer was detected in 13.60% (17/125) of the patients with adenomatous polyps, and the proportion of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia was 18.40% (23/125). The main types of synchronous gastric cancer were progressive (70.59%) and undifferentiated (66.67%). Chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia was found in 52.80% of the patients, and autoimmune gastritis accounted for 11.20%. The positive rate of Helicobacter pylori was 21.60%. The canceration rate of gastric adenomatous polyps was 20.80%. The cancer was mainly differentiated, but there was sigmoid ring cell carcinoma as well. Diameter of >1.0 cm (OR=5.092, 95%CI: 1.447-17.923, P=0.011), uneven surface morphology and erosion (OR=13.749, 95%CI: 1.072-176.339, P=0.044) were independent risk factors of adenomatous polyps.@*CONCLUSION@#The synchronous gastric cancer is common and the canceration of gastric adenomatous polyps is high with diameter and surface morphology as independent risk factors. We should pay attention to the identification of the pathological types of polyps and the evaluation of the whole gastric mucosa during the endoscopic examination.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenomatous Polyps/epidemiology , Gastric Mucosa , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 36-41, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 977-981, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the impact of previous exposure to macrolide, quinolones and nitroimidazole antibiotics on eradication rate of bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) in newly diagnosed patients with Helicobacter pylori( H. pylori). Methods:A total of 469 patients with H. pylori initially treated at the Third Hospital of Peking University from September 2017 to August 2020 were retrospectively recruited. The therapeutic regimens were BQT containing clarithromycin/levofloxacin/metronidazole recommended by Chinese guidelines. Clinical data were collected, including general demographic data, exposure history of antibiotics, CYP2C16 metabolic pattern, endoscopic diagnosis, bacterial density, H.pylori resistance, eradication results, etc. Univariate analysis, Chi-square test, Fisher exact probability test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and Logistic regression model were used as statistical methods. Results:Among different eradication therapies, univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that previous exposure to macrolides ( OR=3.37,95 %CI 1.04-10.98, P<0.05) was relevant to the decreased eradication rate of BQT containing clarithromycin. This may be due to increased resistance to clarithromycin ( OR=6.12,95 %CI 3.99-9.40, P<0.01).The previous exposure to quinolones ( OR=3.65, 95 %CI 1.27-10.49, P<0.05) was relevant to the decreased eradication rate of BQT containing levofloxacin, which was probably explained by the increased resistance to levofloxacin ( OR=2.50, 95 %CI 1.69-3.71, P<0.01). But the previous history of nitroimidazole did not impact the efficacy of BQT containing metronidazole. Conclusions:In patients newly diagnosed with H.pylori infection, the previous exposure to macrolide or quinolones antibiotics is related to lower eradiation rates of H. pylori. Although the exposure to nitroimidazole also indicates drug resistance to metronidazole, the clinical efficacy of BQT with metronidazole 400 mg four times a day is not affected.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 106-111, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To re-evaluate the intervention effect of Kuijietong(KJT) on ulcerative colitis(UC). Method:Sixty patients with mild-to-moderate UC in the active stage were enrolled and randomized into a KJT group (<italic>n</italic>=30) and a sulfasalazine (SASP) group (<italic>n</italic>=30). Patients in the KJT group were treated with KJT granules, one bag divided in two daily doses, once in the morning and once in the evening, while those in the SASP group received SASP, 1 g per time, four times per day. Then the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Result:According to the modified Mayo score,the clinical remission rates of the KJT group and SASP group were determined to be 46.7% (14/30)and 40% (12/30),exhibiting no significant difference between the two groups (<italic>P</italic>>0.05). The clinical effective rate of the KJT group was 83.3% (25/30),which was better than 60% (18/30) of the SASP group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The mucosal healing rate in the KJT group was 36.7% (11/30), not significantly different from 30% (9/30) in the SASP group. In the alleviation of UC symptoms,the score of large intestine dampness heat syndrome in the KJT group was remarkably better than that in the SASP group (<italic>P</italic><0.05),but there was no significant difference in inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (IBDQ) score between the two groups. In terms of physical and chemical indexes,serum erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in the KJT group after intervention was lower than that in the SASP group (<italic>P</italic><0.05),whereas the interleukin-10 (IL-10) level was higher(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The comparison between the two groups revealed no significant difference in C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), CD4<sup>+</sup> T cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells after intervention. During the intervention,no obvious adverse reactions were found in the two groups,indicating good safety. Conclusion:KJT is not inferior to SASP in relieving mild-to-moderate UC in the active stage.

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 226-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the early interventions of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on the conversion time of nucleic acid in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and find possible underlying mechanisms of action.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 300 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were treated with TCM, at a designated hospital in China. The patients were categorized into three groups: TCM1, TCM2 and TCM3, who respectively received TCM interventions within 7, 8-14, and greater than 15 days of hospitalization. Different indicators such as the conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, and lymphocyte count and percentage) were analyzed to observe the impact of early TCM interventions on these groups.@*RESULTS@#The median conversion times of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid in the three groups were 5.5, 7 and 16 d (P < 0.001), with TCM1 and TCM2 being statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01). TCM1 (P < 0.05) and TCM3 (P < 0.01) were statistically different from TCM2. The median conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in the three groups were 7, 9 and 17 d (P < 0.001). Conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in TCM1 were statistically different from TCM3 and TCM2 (P < 0.01). The median lengths of hospital stay in the three groups were 13, 16 and 21 d (P < 0.001). TCM1 and TCM2 were statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01); TCM1 and TCM3 were statistically different from TCM2 (P < 0.01). Both leucocyte and lymphocyte counts increased gradually with an increase in the length of hospital stay in TCM1 group patients, with a statistically significant difference observed at each time point in the group (P < 0.001). Statistically significant differences in lymphocyte count and percentage in TCM2 (P < 0.001), and in leucocyte count (P = 0.043) and lymphocyte count (P = 0.038) in TCM3 were observed. The comparison among the three groups showed a statistically significant difference in lymphocyte percentage on the third day of admission (P = 0.044).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, it was observed that in COVID-19 patients treated with a combination of Chinese and Western medicines, TCM intervention earlier in the hospital stay correlated with faster conversion time of pharyngeal swab and fecal nucleic acid, as well as shorter length of hospital stay, thus helping promote faster recovery of the patient. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to improving inflammation in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Length of Stay , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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