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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 143-151, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005448

ABSTRACT

Melatonin (Mel) has been shown to have cardioprotective effects, but its action on ion channels is unclear. In this experiment, we investigated the inhibitory effect of Mel on late sodium currents (INa.L) in mouse ventricular myocytes and the anti-arrhythmic effect at the organ level as well as its mechanism. The whole-cell patch clamp technique was applied to record the ionic currents and action potential (AP) in mouse ventricular myocytes while the electrocardiogram (ECG) and monophasic action potential (MAP) were recorded simultaneously in mouse hearts using a multichannel acquisition and analysis system. The results demonstrated that the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of Mel on transient sodium current (INa.T) and specific INa.L opener 2 nmol·L-1 sea anemone toxins II (ATX II) increased INa.L were 686.615 and 7.37 μmol·L-1, respectively. Mel did not affect L-type calcium current (ICa.L), transient outward current (Ito), and AP. In addition, 16 μmol·L-1 Mel shortened ATX II-prolonged action potential duration (APD), suppressed ATX II-induced early afterdepolarizations (EADs), and significantly reduced the incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) in Langendorff-perfused mouse hearts. In conclusion, Mel exerted its antiarrhythmic effects principally by blocking INa.L, thus providing a significant theoretical basis for new clinical applications of Mel. Animal welfare and experimental process are in accordance with the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Wuhan University of Science and Technology (2023130).

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic value of 3 diagnostic criteria of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with gestational age<32 weeks. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 285 preterm infants with BPD admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to September 2021, who were followed up regularly after discharge. The primary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or severe respiratory morbidity from 36 weeks of corrected gestational age to 18 months of corrected age, and the secondary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or neurodevelopmental impairment. According to the primary or secondary composite adverse outcomes, the preterm infants were divided into the adverse prognosis group and the non-adverse prognosis group. The 2001 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria, 2018 NICHD criteria, and 2019 Neonatal Research Network (NRN) criteria were used to diagnose and grade BPD in preterm infants. Chi-square test, Logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Delong test were used to analyze the prognostic value of the 3 diagnostic criteria. Results: The 285 preterm infants had a gestational age of 29.4 (28.1, 30.6) weeks and birth weight of 1 230 (1 000, 1 465) g, including 167 males (58.6%). Among 285 premature infants who completed follow-up, the primary composite adverse outcome occurred in 124 preterm infants (43.5%), and the secondary composite adverse outcome occurred in 40 preterm infants (14.0%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that severe BPD according to the 2001 NICHD criteria, gradeⅡand Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 2 and 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria were all risk factors for primary composite adverse outcomes (all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.70 and 0.70 vs. 0.61, Z=4.49 and 3.35, both P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.38, P=0.702). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the secondary composite adverse outcomes were all associated with grade Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria (both P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.71 and 0.71 vs. 0.58, Z=2.93 and 3.67, both P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.02, P=0.984). Conclusion: The 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria demonstrate good and comparable predictive value for the primary and secondary composite adverse outcomes in preterm infants with BPD, surpassing the predictive efficacy of the 2001 NICHD criteria.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 72-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To understand the growth and development status and differences between small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants during corrected ages 0-24 months, and to provide a basis for early health interventions for preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted, selecting 824 preterm infants who received regular health care at the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2019 to July 2022, including 144 SGA and 680 AGA infants. The growth data of SGA and AGA groups at birth and corrected ages 0-24 months were analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#The SGA group had significantly lower weight and length than the AGA group at corrected ages 0-18 months (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences between the two groups at corrected age 24 months (P>0.05). At corrected age 24 months, 85% (34/40) of SGA and 79% (74/94) of AGA preterm infants achieved catch-up growth. Stratified analysis by gestational age showed that there were significant differences in weight and length at corrected ages 0-9 months between the SGA subgroup with gestational age <34 weeks and the AGA subgroups with gestational age <34 weeks and 34 weeks (P<0.05). In addition, the weight and length of the SGA subgroup with gestational age 34 weeks showed significant differences compared to the AGA subgroups with gestational age <34 weeks and 34 weeks at corrected ages 0-18 months and corrected ages 0-12 months, respectively (P<0.05). Catch-up growth for SGA infants with gestational age <34 weeks and 34 weeks mainly occurred at corrected ages 0-12 months and corrected ages 0-18 months, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SGA infants exhibit delayed early-life physical growth compared to AGA infants, but can achieve a higher proportion of catch-up growth by corrected age 24 months than AGA infants. Catch-up growth can be achieved earlier in SGA infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks compared to those with 34 weeks.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Infant, Premature , Gestational Age , Longitudinal Studies , Retrospective Studies , Infant, Small for Gestational Age
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 959-964, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514305

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To clarify the path of the temporal branch of facial nerve (TB) crossing the zygomatic arch (ZA). Eighteen fresh adult heads specimens were carefully dissected in the zygomatic region, with the location of TB as well as its number documented. The hierarchical relationship between the temporal branch and the soft tissue in this region was observed on 64 P45 plastinated slices. 1. TB crosses the ZA as type I (21.8 %), type II (50.0 %,), and type III (28.1 %) twigs. 2. At the level of the superior edge of the ZA, the average distance between the anterior trunk of TB and the anterior part of the auricle is 36.36±6.56 mm, for the posterior trunk is 25.59±5.29 mm. At the level of the inferior edge of the ZA, the average distance between the anterior trunk of TB and the anterior part of the auricle is 25.77±6.19 mm, for the posterior trunk is 19.16±4.71 mm. 3. The average length of ZA is 62.06±5.36 mm. TB crosses the inferior edge of the ZA at an average of 14.67±6.45 mm. TB crosses the superior edge of the ZA at an average of 9.08±4.54 mm. 4. At the level of the ZA, TB passes on the surface of the pericranium while below the SMAS. The TB obliquely crosses the middle 1/3 part of the superior margin of the ZA and the junction of the middle 1/3 part and the posterior 1/3 part of the inferior margin of the ZA below the SMAS while beyond the periosteum. It is suggested that this area should be avoided in clinical operation to avoid the injury of TB.


El objetivo de estudio fue esclarecer el trayecto del ramo temporal del nervio facial (RT) que cruza el arco cigomático (AC). Se disecaron la región cigomática de 18 especímenes de cabezas sin fijar de individuos adultas y se documentó la ubicación del RT y su número de ramos. La relación jerárquica entre el ramo temporal y el tejido blando en esta región se observó en 64 cortes plastinados o P45. 1º El RT cruza el AC como tipo I (21,8 %), tipo II (50,0 %) y tipo III (28,1 %). 2º A nivel del margen superior del AC, la distancia promedio entre el tronco anterior de RT y la parte anterior de la aurícula fue de 36,36±6,56 mm, para el tronco posterior fue de 25,59±5,29 mm. A nivel del margen inferior del AC, la distancia promedio entre el tronco anterior del RT y la parte anterior de la aurícula era de 25,77±6,19 mm, para el tronco posterior era de 19,16±4,71 mm. 3º La longitud media de RT fue de 62,06±5,36 mm. EL RT cruzaba el margen inferior del AC a una distancia media de 14,67±6,45 mm. El RT cruzaba el margen superior del AC a una distancia media de 9,08±4,54 mm. 4º Anivel del AC, el RT pasaba por la superficie del pericráneo mientras se encuentra por debajo del SMAS. El RT cruza oblicuamente el tercio medio del margen superior del AC y la unión del tercio medio y el tercio posterior del margen inferior del AC por debajo del SMAS, más allá del periostio. Se sugiere que esta área debe evitarse en la operación clínica para evitar la lesión de la RT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Zygoma/innervation , Facial Nerve/anatomy & histology , Plastination
5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 527-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the independent predictors of colorectal polyps complicating colorectal laterally spreading tumors (CLST) and the independent risk factors for malignancy in CLST coexisting with colorectal polyps.Methods:Clinical data of 260 patients with CLST who underwent endoscopy and received treatment in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from January 2016 to December 2021 were retrospectively collected. Patients were divided into the coexisting group ( n=135) and the non-coexisting group ( n=125) according to the presence or absence of polyps. Differences in clinicopathological characteristics between the two groups were compared and binary logistic regression was used to analyse the predictors of coexistence. Then the coexisting group was further divided into coexisting malignant group ( n=38) and coexisting non-malignant group ( n=97) according to the infiltration depth of CLST, and binary logistic regression was used to analyse the risk factors for malignancy in CLST coexisting with colorectal polyps. Results:Male ( P=0.002, OR=2.355, 95% CI:1.354-4.099), villous tubular adenoma ( P=0.022, OR=3.873, 95% CI: 1.214-12.355) and polyps history ( P=0.001, OR=2.738, 95% CI: 1.527-4.909) were independent predictors for colorectal polyps coexisting with CLST. Area under the curve (AUC) of the predictive model was 0.725 ( P<0.001, 95% CI: 0.664-0.786). Polyp diameter≥10 mm ( P=0.007, OR=6.266, 95% CI:1.634-24.034), CLST diameter≥20 mm ( P<0.001, OR=11.879, 95% CI:4.078-34.601), granular-mixed type CLST ( P=0.003, OR=8.584, 95% CI: 2.126-34.660), flat-elevated type CLST ( P=0.021, OR=4.399, 95% CI: 1.250-15.482) and pseudo-depressed type CLST ( P<0.001, OR=31.426, 95% CI: 4.975-198.509) were independent risk factors for malignancy in CLST coexisting with polyps. AUC of the predictive model was 0.854 ( P<0.001, 95% CI: 0.775-0.933). Conclusion:Male CLST patients with polyps history and a pathological type of villous tubular adenoma are more likely to develop coexistence. In patients with CLST which is granular-mixed type, flat-elevated type and pseudo-depressed type coexisting with colorectal polyps, the larger the diameter of the polyp and the diameter of the CLST, the more likely it is to be malignant.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 270-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994460

ABSTRACT

With the increasing understanding of inflammatory pathogenesis of acne inversa, as well as with the development and application of biological agents in the treatment of autoimmune inflammatory diseases, some biological agents have shown good efficacy and potential for the treatment of acne inversa in clinical research and practice. This review mainly summarizes the research progress in biotherapy of acne inversa in recent years.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 32-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemic characteristics and clinical key indicators of the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 of the local Omicron variant epidemic, to understand the clinical characteristics of mild and severe patients, and to provide a scientific basis for the effective treatment and prevention of severe disease.Methods:From January 2020 to March 2022, the clinical and laboratory data of COVID-19 patients admitted to the Fifth People's Hospital of Wuxi were retrospective analyzed, including virus gene subtypes, demographic information, clinical classification, main clinical symptoms, and key indicators of clinical testing, and the changes of clinical characteristics of the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.Results:A total of 150 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection were admitted, 78, 52 and 20 in 2020, 2021 and 2022, including 10, 1 and 1 severe patient, and the main infected virus strains were L, Delta, and Omicron variants. The relapse rate of patients infected with the Omicron variant was as high as 15.0% (3/20), the incidence of diarrhea decreased to 10.0% (2/20), the incidence of severe disease decreased to 5.0% (1/20), and the number of hospitalization days of mild patients increased compared with 2020 (days: 20.43±1.78 vs. 15.84±1.12); respiratory symptoms were reduced, and the proportion of pulmonary lesions decreased to 10.5%; the virus titer of severely ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection (day 3) was higher than that of L-type strain (Ct value: 23.92±1.16 vs. 28.19±1.54). The acute plasma cytokines interleukin (IL-6, IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were significantly lower in patients with severe Omicron variant new coronavirus infection than those with mild disease [IL-6 (ng/L): 3.92±0.24 vs. 6.02±0.41, IL-10 (ng/L): 0.58±0.01 vs. 4.43±0.32, TNF-α (ng/L): 1.73±0.02 vs. 6.91±1.25, all P < 0.05], while γ-interferon (IFN-γ) and IL-17A were significantly higher than patients with mild disease [IFN-γ (ng/L): 23.07±0.17 vs. 13.52±2.34, IL-17A (ng/L): 35.58±0.08 vs. 26.39±1.37, both P < 0.05]. Compared with previous epidemics (2020 and 2021), the proportion of CD4/CD8 ratio, lymphocyte count, eosinophil and serum creatinine decreased in patients with mild Omicron infection in 2022 (36.8% vs. 22.1%, 9.8%; 36.8% vs. 23.5%, 7.8%; 42.1% vs. 41.2%, 15.7%; 42.1% vs. 19.1%, 9.8%), the proportion of patients with elevated monocyte count and procalcitonin was large (42.1% vs. 50.0%, 23.5%; 21.1% vs. 5.9%, 0). Conclusion:The incidences of severe disease in patients with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection was significantly lower than that of previous epidemics, and the occurrence of severe diseases was still related to the underlying diseases.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1140-1144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide basis for carrying out standardized training courses of intravenous therapy nursing technology for community nurses and improving the level of intravenous therapy for community nurses.Methods:This was a quasi experimental study. From May to July 2020, 260 nurses from 20 community health service institutions in Dalian were investigated with the convenient sampling method and self-designed evaluation scale for venous treatment nursing skills of community nurses and were given standardized training. The changes of venous treatment nursing skills of community nurses before and after training were compared.Results:The scores of theoretical knowledge, skill operation, complication nursing and health education of the intravenous therapy nursing skill evaluation scale for community nurses after training were (15.32 ± 1.67), (18.26 ± 2.46), (19.32 ± 1.57) and (16.33 ± 1.02) points, which were higher than (10.23 ± 2.43), (12.35 ± 3.42), (14.36 ± 2.48) and (12.31 ± 1.47) points before training. The difference was statistically significant ( t values were 1.32-2.46, all P<0.05). After the training, the total score of the evaluation scale of community nurses' intravenous treatment nursing skills was (77.41 ± 1.21)points, which was higher than that before the training (55.38 ± 1.35) points, with a statistically significant difference ( t=2.38, P<0.05). Conclusions:Higher medical institutions should construct venous treatment training group, strengthen the training of community nurses on intravenous therapy, improve the quality of community intravenous therapy services, and promote the better functioning of community health service institutions.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 458-462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the views and suggestions of medical staff on the key nursing techniques and norms of in-hospital treatment of patients with nuclear exposure, so as to provide reference for the continuous optimization of follow-up processes.Methods:From September to October 2021,purpose sampling was adopted to select doctors and nurses who engaged in medical emergency rescue of nuclear exposure-related work in two divisions of the Nuclear Accident Medical Emergency Center of the National Health Commission as the research subjects, using a combination of online and offline methods to carry out semi-structured interviews with 6 research subjects,using content analysis methods in descriptive research for data analysis.Results:A total of four themes were refined including the need for the establishment of nursing technology and process specification for nuclear accident emergency rescue specialty; the need for specialized training of nursing technology in nuclear accident emergency rescue; the need for the construction of specialized nursing team for nuclear accident emergency rescue; the need to strengthen the closeness of multi-team cooperation.Conclusions:The current in-hospital care technology and processes for nuclear exposed patients need to be further refined and standardized, and in the future, we need to establish a perfect in-hospital care technology and processes for nuclear exposed patients, and according to the corresponding technology and processes, strengthen nursing staff professional training and simulation training in nuclear accident emergency rescue, and establish a nuclear emergency rescue professional nursing team to promote the development of nuclear accident emergency rescue nursing specialists.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 54-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence rate and gene variation of methylmalonic academia (MMA) in Ji′nan city by analyzing biochemical and genetic screening results, and to explore the carrier frequency of MMA-related pathogenic genes in the population in Ji′nan.Methods:The children diagnosed with MMA by tandem mass spectrometry screening in Ji′nan Neonatal Disease Screening Centre from May 2011 to May 2022 were enrolled in this study.Their genetic test results were retrospectively analyzed and summarized.The dried heel blood tablets collected from 6 800 newborns were tested for neonatal gene screening. MMAA, MMAB, MMACHC and MMUT genes in 4 800 cases were detected by high-throughput sequencing+ target area capture technology.Ultra-multiplex polymerase chain reaction+ target gene locus capture technology was used to detect 174 target loci of 8 genes related to MMA in 2 000 cases.The hotspot mutation and related gene carrier rate of MMA were analyzed. Results:A total of 367 452 newborns were screened by tandem mass spectrometry, and 103 cases (56 males and 47 females) were diagnosed with MMA by screening.The estimated incidence of MMA was 1∶3 567.Among the 103 MMA cases, 76 were genetically diagnosed, and 4 gene variants of MMA ( MMAHC, MMUT, MMAA, MMADHC) were identified.A total of 6 800 neonates underwent neonatal genetic screening.Three of them were diagnosed with MMA.About 318 infants carried pathogenic variants of MMA, with a total carrier rate of 4.68%.Specifically, the carrier rates of MMACHC and MMUT gene variants were 3.09%(210/6 800) and 1.43% (97/6 800), respectively. Conclusions:MMA is the most common organic acid metabolism disorder in our country.The incidence and carrier rate of this disease are high in Jinan city.Neonatal genetic screening is an important supplement to neonatal biochemical screening.Carrier screening for MMA-related pathogenic genes is recommended for couples of childbearing age in Jinan.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 382-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989965

ABSTRACT

Extubation during the recovery period of general anesthesia patients often causes hemodynamic fluctuations and increases myocardial oxygen consumption, which is easy to cause myocardial hypoxia, ischemia and cardiovascular complications. Especially for patients with hypertension, hemodynamic fluctuation is more obvious, and the risk of anesthesia is greater. The timing of tracheal catheter extubation is one of the key factors affecting cardiovascular reactions and related complications. This paper reported the data of 35 patients with hypertension who underwent general anesthesia from May. 2020 to Jun. 2021 in Wuhu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and analyzed the technical advantages of tracheal catheter removal before consciousness recovery under general anesthesia.

12.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 185-190, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a peptide fluorescent probe based on aggregation-induced emission and to investigate its application in the detection of early caries.Methods:Eight aspartate-serine-serine (DSS) were combined with aggregation-induced emission material to prepare peptide fluorescent probes, and an artificial demineralization model was established in vitro. The samples were immersed in the peptide fluorescent probe solution for 1 min, and a fluorescence imaging system was applied to examine the tooth samples and collect images and fluorescence data. Scanning electron microscopy was also applied to observe the phenotype of the teeth, and electron microscopy was applied to detect the calcium-phosphorus ratio on the enamel surface of the teeth. Polarized light microscopy was also applied to observe the enamel area of the teeth. Results:The fluorescence intensity of demineralized teeth was clearly observed to be lower than that of normal teeth in the peptide fluorescent probe-treated area, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The results of scanning electron microscopy showed that the enamel surface of the demineralized group had more irregular pores, while the enamel surface of the undemineralized group was flatter with only some irregular accumulation of flakes. The results of polarized light microscopy showed that a clear birefringence could be observed in the enamel region of normal teeth, while a black area or the disappearance of the birefringence effect accompanied by a partial black dark shadow could be observed in the enamel region of demineralized teeth. Conclusions:An aggregation-induced luminescence-based peptide fluorescent probe was successfully prepared, which can precisely localize the enamel and show some application value in early caries detection.

13.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 367-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989240

ABSTRACT

Because the brain and kidneys share a common basis for small vessel lesions, the related research on cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is gradually increasing. The development of neuroimaging technology has significantly increased the detection rate of CMBs, but there is still controversy over whether CKD will increase the incidence of CMBs. This article reviews the relationship between CKD and CMBs, pathogenesis, biomarkers, and treatment.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1723-1731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987898

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the agreement of corneal high-order aberrations from Topcon KR-1W, i.Profiler and OPD-Scan Ⅲ wavefront aberrometers in myopic adults.METHODS:A prospective clinical study. A total of 92 adult patients(92 eyes)with myopia in the department of optometry, the People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from June to August 2022 were enrolled. The third-order and fourth-order corneal aberrations at the pupil diameter of 4 and 6mm were measured by Topcon KR-1W, i.Profiler, and OPD-Scan Ⅲ, respectively. The difference and agreement of the three aberrometers were evaluated.RESULTS: The measurements at 6mm pupil diameter were all greater than those at 4mm pupil diameter. Although there were no statistical differences in the measurements of Z-44、Z-24 by the three aberrometers at 4 pupil diameter(P&#x003E;0.05), there were statistical differences in other measurements(P&#x003C;0.05). The aberration results measured by the three aberrometers were statistically different at the 6mm pupil diameter(P&#x003C;0.05). The 95% limit of agreement(95%LoA)of the measurements of higher-order aberration, including the third-order aberrations at 4mm pupil diameter and the third-order and fourth-order aberrations at 6mm pupil diameter(except for the Z-24)were greater than 0.1μm. The concordance correlation coefficient(Pc)was lower than 0.90, indicating a poor consistency. The correlation coefficients of corneal higher-order aberrations were significantly different among the three aberrometers at 4 and 6mm pupil diameter(r4mm=0.215~0.805, P4mm&#x003C;0.05; r6mm=0.561~0.916, P6mm&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION:There were significant differences in the measurements of the third- and fourth-order corneal aberrations at 4 and 6mm pupil diameter among Topcon KR-1W, i.Profiler, and OPD-Scan Ⅲ, and the agreements were poor, so they are not interchangeably in clinical applications.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1689-1694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987892

ABSTRACT

Myopia has become a serious global burden of visual impairment and blindness, and the World Health Organization has included the prevention and treatment of myopia in its global blindness prevention program. Many ocular pathological alterations that follow from advanced myopia could cause visual impairment and even blindness in severe situations. Myopia is becoming more prevalent and has a greater impact on young people. Myopia's social repercussions are becoming more widely known. One of the several fundus alterations linked to myopia is tessellated fundus, which is the earliest lesion in the natural course of myopic fundus lesions and an important clinical marker for the development of retinopathy. Currently, there are several different methods of grading fundus tessellation, all of which are graded subjectively by fundus color photography. One can investigate the morphological characteristics and functional status of the tessellated fundus with ophthalmoscope, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, electroretinogram, microperimetry and other modal images. In this study, the imaging properties and common applications of the tessellated fundus are reviewed to provide appropriate resources for clinical ophthalmology.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 940-948, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of pretreatment inflammatory-nutritional biomarkers in predicting the pathological response of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT).@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included eligible participants who underwent nCT followed by radical surgery. Pretreatment inflammatory nutritional biomarkers were calculated within one week prior to nCT. Correlations between biomarkers and pathological responses were analyzed. The cut-off values of the pretreatment biomarkers for predicting non-response were determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The inflammation-nutrition score was calculated using the lymphocyte level, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI).@*RESULTS@#A total of 235 patients were retrospectively recruited between January 2017 and September 2022. Lower lymphocyte levels, lymphocyte monocyte ratio (LMR), and PNI, and higher NLR and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were observed in patients without response. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that NLR could independently predict non-response to nCT in patients with LARC. The sensitivity and specificity of the inflammation-nutrition score for predicting nonresponse were 71.2% and 61.7%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The pretreatment inflammation-nutrition score is a practical parameter for predicting non-response to nCT in patients with LARC. Patients with high scores were more likely to respond poorly to nCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology
17.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 826-836, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the long-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with different reperfusion strategies in Chinese county-level hospitals.@*METHODS@#A total of 2,514 patients with STEMI from 32 hospitals participated in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry between January 2013 and September 2014. The success of fibrinolysis was assessed according to indirect measures of vascular recanalization. The primary outcome was 2-year mortality.@*RESULTS@#Reperfusion therapy was used in 1,080 patients (42.9%): fibrinolysis ( n= 664, 61.5%) and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ( n= 416, 38.5%). The most common reason for missing reperfusion therapy was a prehospital delay > 12 h (43%). Fibrinolysis [14.5%, hazard ratio ( HR): 0.59, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.44-0.80] and primary PCI (6.8%, HR= 0.32, 95% CI: 0.22-0.48) were associated with lower 2-year mortality than those with no reperfusion (28.5%). Among fibrinolysis-treated patients, 510 (76.8%) achieved successful clinical reperfusion; only 17.0% of those with failed fibrinolysis underwent rescue PCI. There was no difference in 2-year mortality between successful fibrinolysis and primary PCI (8.8% vs. 6.8%, HR = 1.53, 95% CI: 0.85-2.73). Failed fibrinolysis predicted a similar mortality (33.1%) to no reperfusion (33.1% vs. 28.5%, HR= 1.30, 95% CI: 0.93-1.81).@*CONCLUSION@#In Chinese county-level hospitals, only approximately 2/5 of patients with STEMI underwent reperfusion therapy, largely due to prehospital delay. Approximately 30% of patients with failed fibrinolysis and no reperfusion therapy did not survive at 2 years. Quality improvement initiativesare warranted, especially in public health education and fast referral for mechanical revascularization in cases of failed fibrinolysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , East Asian People , Treatment Outcome , Myocardial Reperfusion , Myocardial Infarction , Registries , Hospitals
18.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 105-109, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005050

ABSTRACT

A 40-year-old male patient presented with an unexplained pericardial effusion and was treated with antituberculosis therapy. This patient showed a transient improvement, but then progressively worsened to develop constrictive pericarditis, multiple plasma chamber effusions, and venous thrombosis. The patient was transferred to Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. Through a pleural histopathological biopsy, this patient was diagnosed with pleural mesothelioma and secondary malignant tumor of the pericardium. Later, clinical the manifestations of patient progressed rapidly, resulting in the death of the patient. Mesothelioma is a very rare group of malignant tumors originating from the pleura and other tissues. Patients are mostly advanced at the time of initial diagnosis, with limited treatments and short median survival. It is important to strengthen the understanding of mesothelioma, pay attention to all medical and technical examinations, especially dynamic follow-up of changes in the disease for early diagnosis of this disease.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 961-969, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013948

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of Polygonum capitatum(PC)in the treatment of Helicobacter Pylori associated gastritis(HAG). Methods The databases were used to identify the target of PC active compounds and HAG-related genes,and the intersection was taken to obtain the potential targets of PC treatment of HAG. The interaction network diagram of “drug-active compound-target-disease” and the protein-protein interaction(PPI)network of potential target protein interaction in HAG treated by PC were constructed by software Cytoscape 3.6.0. The important nodes in the network were screened by several topological indexes,and the GO and KEGG enrichment were analyzed by STRING database to obtain the potential signaling pathway of PC in the treatment of HAG. The binding ability of PC active components with key target proteins was observed by molecular docking method. On this basis,the related targets of PC in the treatment of HAG were verified in vivo and in vitro experiments. Results The PC active compounds and targets were identified through the database,and the “drug-active compound-target-disease” network diagram and the PPI network of potential target proteins were constructed. Combined with several topological indexes,the PPI network of potential target-protein interaction was analyzed,and 52 hub genes were screened. Further bioinformatics analysis and high-throughput sequencing revealed that PC exerted an effect on HAG through the Akt/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway. Based on this,it was found that PC could reduce IL-18 and IL-1β in HAG GES-1 cells and HAG SD rats,up-regulate Akt and its phosphorylation level and reduce NF-κB expression,inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammatory body,so as to improve HAG inflammatory response. Conclusions PC could exert a therapeutic effect on HAG by activating Akt and its phosphorylation level,and inhibiting the expression of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome related factors. This study provides a theoretical basis for explaining the mechanism of PC in the treatment of HAG.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 532-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013826

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of terpinen-4-ol (T40) on inflammatory injury of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by high glucose based on the improvement of autophagic flow disorder and involved molecular signals. Methods The scratch test was used to analyze the migration ability of VSMCs, the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in cell culture supernatant were measured by ELISA, the expression levels of inflammation-related proteins NF-κb p65, p-NF-κb p65, IL-1β, IL-18 and autophagy-related proteins p62, LC3-HYLC3-I, Beclinl, p-Beclinl were de-tected by Western blot. Results T40 inhibited migration of VSMCs induced by high glucose, reduced the secretion and release of pro-inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-6, inhibited the expression of p-NF-κb p65/ NF-κb p65, IL-1β, IL-18, downregulated the expression of p62, LC3-TJ/LC3- I and p-Beclinl at same time. After interfering the autophagic flux of VSMCs with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) , T40 pre-treatment significantly inhibited the protein expression levels of the above inflammatory factors and autophagy-related signals which mediated by CQ. Conclusion T40 inhibits the inflammatory injury of VSMCs induced by high glucose through improving the autophagic flow disorder.

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