Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 121
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 32-37, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the trinucleotide repeats of GCN (GCA, GCT, GCC, GCG) encoding Alanine in exon 3 of the PHOX2B gene among healthy individuals from southwest China and two patients with Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS).@*METHODS@#The number and sequence of the GCN repeats of the PHOX2B gene were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis, Sanger sequencing and cloning sequencing of 518 healthy individuals and two newborns with CCHS, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1036 alleles of the 518 healthy individuals, five alleles were identified, including (GCN)7, (GCN)13, (GCN)14, (GCN)15 and (GCN)20. The frequency of the (GCN)20 allele was the highest (94.79%). And five genotypes were identified, which included (GCN)7/(GCN)20, (GCN)13/(GCN)20, (GCN)14/(GCN)20, (GCN)15/(GCN)20, (GCN)20/(GCN)20. The homozygous genotypes were all (GCN)20/(GCN)20, and the carrier rate was 89.58%. Four GCN sequences of the (GCN)20 homozygous genotypes were identified among the 464 healthy individuals. The GCN repeat numbers in the exon 3 of the PHOX2B gene showed no significant difference between the expected and observed values, and had fulfilled the,Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The genotypes of the two CCHS patients were (GCN)20/(GCN)25 and (GCN)20/(GCN)30, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#It is important to determine the GCN repeats and genotypic data of the exon 3 of the PHOX2B gene among the healthy individuals. The number of GCN repeats in 518 healthy individuals was all below 20. The selection of appropriate methods can accurately detect the polyalanine repeat mutations (PARMs) of the PHOX2B gene, which is conducive to the early diagnosis, intervention and treatment of CCHS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Hypoventilation/congenital , Mutation , Sleep Apnea, Central/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6414-6422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008841

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the therapeutic effect of Shegan Mahuang Decoction(SGMHD) on cold-induced asthma in rats and explored its underlying mechanism. Seventy-two healthy male SD rats of specific pathogen free(SPF) grade were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a positive control group(dexamethasone, 0.4 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-, medium-, and high-dose SGMHD groups(3.2, 6.4, and 12.8 g·kg~(-1)). The blank group received saline, while the other groups were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin(OVA) solution. Subsequently, the rats were placed in a cold chamber adjustable to 0-2 ℃, and OVA solution was ultrasonically nebulized to induce cold-induced asthma in rats. After three weeks of treatment, the general behaviors of rats were observed. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to evaluate pathological changes in lung tissues, periodic acid-Schiff(PAS) staining assessed mucin changes, and Masson staining was performed to examine collagen deposition. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the levels of the inflammatory factors interleukin-4(IL-4) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) was employed to assess the mRNA expression levels of transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1(TRPV1), nuclear respiratory factor 1(NRF-1), and mitochondrial transcription factor A(mtTFA) in lung tissues. Western blot was used to measure the protein expression levels of TRPV1, NRF-1, and mtTFA in lung tissues. Compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited signs of rapid respiration, increased frequency of defecation with looser stools, and disheveled and dull fur. Pathological results showed significant infiltration of inflammatory cells in lung tissues, narrowing of bronchial lumens, increased mucin secretion, and enhanced collagen deposition in the model group. Additionally, the levels of IL-4 and VEGF in serum and BALF were significantly elevated, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TRPV1, NRF-1, and mtTFA in lung tissues were significantly increased. Compared with the model group, SGMHD improved the behaviors of rats, alleviated pathological changes in lung tissues, mucin production, and collagen deposition, significantly decreased the levels of IL-4 and VEGF in serum and BALF, and reduced the mRNA expression levels of TRPV1, NRF-1, and mtTFA in lung tissues, with the medium-dose SGMHD group showing the most significant effect. Moreover, the protein expression levels of TRPV1, NRF-1, and mtTFA in lung tissues were also reduced, with the medium-dose SGMHD group exhibiting the most significant effect. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that SGMHD can alleviate airway inflammation and inhibit airway remodeling in cold-induced asthma rats. These effects may be associated with the modulation of the TRPV1/NRF-1/mtTFA signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Mice , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Asthma/genetics , Lung , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Mucins/therapeutic use , Ovalbumin , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C , TRPV Cation Channels/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5419-5437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008740

ABSTRACT

Curcuma wenyujin, as one of the eight Daodi-herbs in Zhejiang province, is widely used. It has the effects of eliminating stasis and dissipating mass, moving Qi and activating blood, and clearing heart and relieving depression. Modern studies have shown that it has anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, anti-thrombus and liver-protecting effects and mainly contains sesquiterpenoids, monoterpenoids, diterpenoids, and curcumins. This paper reviews the research progress in the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of C. wenyujin in the last decade, discusses the modern clinical applications combined with the traditional efficacy, and predicts its quality markers(Q-markers) from plant consanguinity, medicinal properties, efficacy, processing and measurability of chemical components based on the theory of Q-markers, so as to provide a reference for the establishment of a scientific quality evaluation system and the research and application of this herb in the future.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Curcuma/chemistry , Liver
4.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 49-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964648

ABSTRACT

Background Prolonged awkward postures during occupational activities can lead to excessive musculoskeletal load on the wrist of workers and symptoms such as wrist pain or discomfort. Objective To survey the prevalence of wrist pain among workers in 10 key industries and analyze its correlation with wrist working postures. Methods By using stratified cluster sampling method, workers from 10 key industries, such as footwear manufacturing industry, shipbuilding manufacturing industry, and automobile manufacturing industry, were selected from seven regions in North China, East China, Central China, South China, Southwest China, Northwest China, and Northeast China. The demographic information, wrist working postures, pain in wrist of the workers were collected through a cross-sectional survey. Pearson χ2 test was used to compare prevalence by selected factors, trend χ2 test for between group comparison, and unconditional logistic regression models for the association of wrist working postures with wrist pain. Results There were 64052 workers enrolled in this survey, and 56286 provided valid questionnaires (the effective rate was 87.8%). According to the survey, the prevalence of wrist pain was 23.3% (13112/56286), and the industries with higher prevalences were footwear manufacturing (27.1%, 1927/7106), automobile manufacturing (24.9%, 5378/21560), and shipbuilding and related equipment manufacturing (24.4%, 850/3488) industries. Finger pinching (OR=2.09, 95%CI: 1.95-2.24), frequent wrist bending (OR=2.03, 95%CI: 1.92-2.15), fixed wrist bending (OR=1.77, 95%CI: 1.69-1.85), wrist on hard edge (OR=1.34, 95%CI: 1.28-1.40), and arms over shoulders (OR=1.11, 95%CI: 1.05-1.17) increased the risk of reporting wrist pain. Conclusion Awkward postures are related to wrist pain among workers in selected 10 key industries. The related factors are wrist on hard edge, frequent wrist bending, finger pinching, fixed wrist bending, and arms over shoulders.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3774-3785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981510

ABSTRACT

In this study, the authors cloned a glycosyltransferase gene PpUGT2 from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis with the ORF length of 1 773 bp and encoding 590 amino acids. The phylogenetic tree revealed that PpUGT2 belonged to the UGT80A subfamily and was named as UGT80A49 by the UDP-glycosyltransferase(UGT) Nomenclature Committee. The expression vector pET28a-PpUGT2 was constructed, and enzyme catalytic reaction in vitro was conducted via inducing protein expression and extraction. With UDP-glucose as sugar donor and diosgenin and pennogenin as substrates, the protein was found with the ability to catalyze the C-3 hydroxyl β-glycosylation of diosgenin and pennogenin. To further explore its catalytic characteristic, 15 substrates including steroids and triterpenes were selected and PpUGT2 showed its activity towards the C-17 position of sterol testosterone with UDP-glucose as sugar donor. Homology modelling and molecule docking of PpUGT2 with substrates predicted the key residues interacting with ligands. The re-levant residues of PpUGT2-ligand binding model were scanned to calculate the corresponding mutants, and the optimized mutants were obtained according to the changes in binding affinity of the ligand with protein and the surrounding residues within 5.0 Å of ligands, which had reference value for design of the mutants. This study laid a foundation for further exploring the biosynthetic pathway of polyphyllin as well as the structure of sterol glycosyltransferases.


Subject(s)
Ligands , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Sterols , Phylogeny , Ascomycota , Liliaceae/chemistry , Melanthiaceae , Diosgenin , Sugars , Glucose , Uridine Diphosphate
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2068-2076, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981338

ABSTRACT

Shegan Mahuang Decoction has been used in clinical practice for thousands of years, and is a classical formula for treating asthma and other respiratory diseases, with the effects of ventilating lung, dispersing cold, and relieving cough and asthma. This paper summarized the history, clinical application and mechanism of Shegan Mahuang Decoction, and predicted its quality markers(Q-markers) based on the "five principles" of Q-markers. The results suggested that irisflorentin, tectoridin, tectorigenin, irigenin, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, asarinin, methyleugenol, shionone, epifriedelanol, tussilagone, 6-gingerol, trigonelline, cavidine, schizandrin, and schizandrin B could be used as Q-markers of Shegan Mahuang Decoction, which provided a basis for the quality control and subsequent research and development of Shegan Mahuang Decoction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ephedra sinica , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Asthma/drug therapy , Lung , Cough/drug therapy
7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 133-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996536

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the current status of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), work fatigue and musculoskeletal pain in Chinese occupational population, and to study the relationship between work fatigue and musculoskeletal pain and WMSDs. Methods: A total of 66 961 employees from 323 enterprises in 15 key industries in China were selected as the study subjects using stratified cluster sampling method. The incidence of WMSDs in the past year was investigated using the Chinese version of the Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire, and the work fatigue and musculoskeletal pain were investigated using Borg 6-20 Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale and visual analogue scale. The data were standardized using the age composition data of 18 to 60 years from the seventh national population census. Results: The standardized annual incidence of WMSDs was higher in the front-line workers than that in the administrative and other supportive staff (38.82% vs 36.30%). The detection rates of work fatigue and musculoskeletal pain in the study subjects were 44.54% and 63.08%, respectively. The result of S-curve fitting showed that the risk of WMSDs increased with the level of work fatigue (P<0.01). Among the front-line workers, the average of monthly fatigue frequency in the neck, shoulder, lower back, upper back, wrist/hand, foot and ankle, knee, leg, and elbow were higher in the group with WMSDs compared to those without WMSDs (all P<0.01). The pain degree of musculoskeletal pain was higher in all nine sites in the fatigued group than in the no-fatigue group (all P<0.01). The standardized detection rate of musculoskeletal pain was higher in the fatigued group than in the non-fatigued group (80.38% vs 25.71%). The work fatigue was moderate and positively correlated with musculoskeletal pain in all seven sites except the lower back and elbow, with Kendall Tau-b correlation coefficients ranging from 0.423 to 0.546 (all P<0.01). Conclusion: There is a good correlation between work fatigue and local musculoskeletal pain, work fatigue and WMSDs in Chinese occupational population. Implementing ergonomic interventions to control the development of work fatigue can be an effective measure for preventing WMSDs.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 19-23, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the characteristics and outcomes of hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE), and to guide the clinic to take preventive measures for high-risk patients to reduce the incidence of HA-VTE.Methods:The clinical data of 1 570 hospitalized patients with HA-VTE from December 2013 to December 2019 in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed, including the basic information, department, risk factor evaluation of venous thromboembolism (VTE), prevention and outcomes, etc.Results:During the period, the total incidence of HA-VTE was 0.50% (1 570/317 047). The annual incidence of HA-VTE increased year by year, from 0.19% (85/44 737) in 2014 to 0.82% (564/68 780) in 2019. The incidence of HA-VTE in elderly patients (age ≥65 years old) was significantly higher than that in young and middle-aged patients (age form 18 to 64 years old): 0.96% (970/100 768) vs. 0.28% (600/216 279), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 654.96, P<0.01). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of HA-VTE between male and female: 0.51% (780/151 617) vs. 0.48% (790/165 430), χ2 = 2.19, P>0.05. HA-VTE patients were mainly distributed in the neurology department, emergency department, neurosurgery department, orthopedics department, vascular surgery department, general surgery department, etc, with the highest proportion of 27.83% (437/1 570) in neurology department. The departments with high incidence of HA-VTE were intensive care unit, emergency department, stroke center, orthopedics department, rehabilitation department and neurology department, with the highest incidence of 7.69% (7/91) in intensive care unit. The hospital stay in patients with HA-VTE was significantly longer than that in patients without HA-VTE: 14 (9, 20) d vs. 7 (3, 11) d, and there was statistical difference ( Z = - 39.75, P<0.01). During hospitalization, 94 patients died, and 7 cases (0.45%, 7/1 570) were directly caused by HA-VTE. Only 0.13% (2/1 570) of the patients underwent the risk factor evaluation of VTE. Conclusions:The annual incidence of HA-VTE has a clear upward trend, and the incidence of critical illness and elderly patients is the highest. HA-VTE significantly prolonged the average hospital stay of patients and increased the risk of death. Screening and evaluation should be strengthened, high-risk groups should be identified, and active preventive measures should be taken to reduce the risk of HA-VTE.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 8-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for the occurrence and poor in-hospital prognosis in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM).Methods:The clinical data of 35 patients with PPCM and 35 healthy pregnant women in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University and Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2003 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The personal histories, laboratory examination, imaging examination, cardiac function outcome, etc were collected. According to the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at discharge, the patients with PPCM were divided into in-hospital recovery group (LVEF≥50%, 18 cases) and prolonged disease group (LVEF<50%, 17 cases). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze independent risk factors of poor in-hospital prognosis in patients with PPCM.Results:Among 35 patients with PPCM, the age was (29.81 ± 5.37) years old, 17 cases (48.57%) complicated with gestational hypertension, 6 cases (17.14%) complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus, 24 cases (68.57%) of New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function classification was Ⅲ to Ⅳ class, and 4 cases died (11.43%). The gestational age in patients with PPCM was significantly shorter than that in healthy pregnant women: (36.26 ± 4.27) weeks vs. (38.54 ± 4.59) weeks, the rates of multiple pregnancy and gestational hypertension were significantly higher than those in healthy pregnant women: 17.14% (6/35) vs. 2.86% (1/35) and 48.57% (17/35) vs. 11.43% (4/35), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or <0.01). Compared with hospital recovery group, the patients in protracted disease group had shorter gestational age, larger left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, higher serum creatinine, C-reactive protein and amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), worse NYHA cardiac function classification, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or <0.01); but there were no statistical difference in LVEF at the first diagnosis and troponin I between two groups ( P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that elevated creatinine was an independent risk factor for poor in-hospital prognosis in patients with PPCM ( OR = 4.554, 95% CI 1.536 to 13.684, P = 0.018). Conclusions:The gestational hypertension may be a risk factor for PPCM. The gestational hypertension, earlier onset time, enlarged left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, high NT-proBNP, high C-reactive protein, high creatinine and high cardiac function NYHA classification may be risk factors for poor in-hospital prognosis in patients with PPCM; and elevated creatinine is an independent risk factor for poor in-hospital prognosis in patients with PPCM.

10.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 536-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973644

ABSTRACT

Background Long working hours are a common occupational health risk factor. The problem of long working hours and its impact on health of medical staff cannot be ignored. Objective To investigate long working hours in medical staff of tertiary grade A hospitals in Shanghai, and evaluate the relationships of long working hours with occupational stress and fatigue accumulation. Methods A total of 1531 medical staff in departments of emergency, internal medicine, surgery, intensive care unit (ICU), anesthesiology, and obstetrics and gynecology from 6 hospitals in 6 districts of Shanghai were selected using stratified random sampling. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on social demographics, occupational characteristics, andbehavior and lifestyle. The Core Occupational Stress Scale (COSS) and the Self-diagnostic Questionnaire on the Accumulation of Fatigue of Laborers were used to assess occupational stress and fatigue accumulation condition. Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to analyze the distributions of long working hours, occupational stress, and fatigue accumulation, log-binomial models were used to analyze the relationships of long working hours with occupational stress and fatigue accumulation, and job title stratified models were also constructed. Results The average weekly working hours of the study subjects was (47.84±11.40) h, 65.90% of the medical staff worked more than 40 h every week. The percentages of the weekly working hours categories of 41-48 h, 49-54 h, and ≥55 h were 31.42%, 13.46%, and 21.03%, respectively. The positive rates of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation were 25.87% and 65.64% respectively, and the differences among different age, gender, job title, education, length of service, and shift system groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of log-binomial regression showed that after adjusting for gender, age, monthly income, marital status, education, physical exercise, smoking, job position, length of service, and shift system, weekly working hours were an influencing factor of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation (P<0.05). Compared with weekly working hours≤40 h, the risk, PR(95%CI), of reporting occupational stress and fatigue accumulation increased to 2.595 (1.989, 3.385) and 1.578 (1.349, 1.845) times respectively for weekly working hours≥55 h (P<0.001). The results of job title stratification analysis showed that the risk of occupational stress among physicians, nurses, and medical technicians increased when weekly working hours≥55 h versus ≤40 h, and the PR (95%CI) values were 2.003 (1.383, 2.902), 1.971 (1.068, 3.636), and 2.770 (1.220, 6.288), respectively (P<0.05). The risk of fatigue accumulation was increased in physicians when weekly working hour≥55 h versus ≤40 h, with a PR (95%CI) value of 1.594 (1.208, 2.103) (P<0.001). Conclusion Long working hours are common among medical personnel and related to the occurrence of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 571-576, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005824

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the outcomes of intravenous injection of human albumin (HA) in patients with both liver cirrhosis and nephrotic syndrome. 【Methods】 We retrospectively studied 101 liver cirrhosis patients with ascites and nephrotic syndrome treated in our hospital from January 2018 to November 2021. All the patients received oral diuretic and intravenous albumin therapy. Their baseline characteristics were collected and the changes in serum albumin and creatinine levels before and after treatment were evaluated. The patients with elevated albumin levels after treatment greater than the median value (1.8 g/L) were defined as response group. The rest of the patients were classified as the non-response group. And Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relevant influencing factors for treatment response. 【Results】 All the patients’ symptoms of abdominal distension related to moderate to great ascites were clinically lessened at the end of treatment, and no case of acute kidney injury occurred during the treatment. Of them, 32 patients had repeated hospitalizations within six months after discharge. The serum albumin level was significantly increased after treatment [(26.5±5.9) g/L vs. (29.9±4.9) g/L, P<0.001] and there was no significant difference in serum creatinine before and after treatment [(111.9±118.4)μmol/L vs. (108.5±87.9)μmol/L, P=0.816]. Fifty-three patients were defined as treatment response group. The differences in characteristics including age, sex, etiology of cirrhosis, and proteinuria were not statistically significant. However, the serum creatinine level was significantly lower in the response group than in the non-response group [(84.1±51.2)μmol/L vs. (142.7±158.4)μmol/L, P=0.017\]. A similar trend of difference was observed with respect to urea nitrogen level \[(8.7±5.1)mmol/L vs. (11.8±9.1)mmol/L, P=0.039\]. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that the serum creatinine level was a risk factor for non-response to treatment (hazard ratio=1.025, 95% CI: 1.010-1.049, P=0.037). In addition, the correlation analysis showed that the baseline albumin levels were negatively correlated with hospital stay time (r=-0.340, P=0.001), daily HA usage (r=-0.546, P<0.001), and baseline proteinuria levels (r=-0.654, P<0.001), respectively. 【Conclusion】 Intravenous injection of HA in cirrhotic patients with nephrotic syndrome was safe and effective for the treatment of ascites. Kidney function affects serum albumin levels and response to treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 256-259, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920627

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the incidence and mortality of drowning and secular trend among children aged 0-14 from 1990 to 2019 in China, so as to provide reference for drowning intervention among children in China.@*Methods@#Based on data of drowning incidence and death in 0-14 years old children in China in 1990-2019 years Global Burden of Disease (GBD 2019) database, the standardized rate was calculated by the world standard population, and the trend of incidence rate and mortality rate was fitted by Joinpoint regression model respectively.@*Results@#From 1990 to 2019, the overall incidence of drowning among children aged 0-14 years in China decreased from 37.17/100 000 to 12.54/100 000, a relative decrease of 66.26%; the standardized incidence rate decreased from 21.78/100 000 to 14.98/100 000, a relative decrease of 31.22%. The incidence rate and standardized incidence rate of drowning in children showed an increasing after decreasing trend, with decreasing mortality and standardized mortality rate. Joinpoint regression showed that the incidence rate of standardized AAPC for child drowning was -1.3, -2.5 for males and 0 for females. The overall standardized mortality rate of drowning was -3.9, male was -3.6, female was about -4.5 , the trend changes were statistically significant ( P <0.05). The incidence rate and mortality rate of male were higher than that of female, and there was significant difference between male and female groups ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Significant progress has been made in child drowning prevention and control, with substantial decreasing in the incidence rate of child drowning. However, considering recent slight increase in drowning incidence, effective measures should be developmed including risk factors, vulnerable population to further control the incidence and mortality of child drowning.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 540-549, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940920

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the platinum drugs resistance effect of N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) overexpression in breast cancer cell line and elucidate the underlining mechanisms. Methods: The experiment was divided into wild-type (MCF-7 wild-type cells without any treatment) group, NAT10 overexpression group (H-NAT10 plasmid transfected into MCF-7 cells) and NAT10 knockdown group (SH-NAT10 plasmid transfected into MCF-7 cells). The invasion was detected by Transwell array, the interaction between NAT10 and PARP1 was detected by co-immunoprecipitation. The impact of NAT10 overexpression or knockdown on the acetylation level of PARP1 and its half-life was also determined. Immunostaining and IP array were used to detect the recruitment of DNA damage repair protein by acetylated PARP1. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis. Results: Transwell invasion assay showed that the number of cell invasion was 483.00±46.90 in the NAT10 overexpression group, 469.00±40.50 in the NAT10 knockdown group, and 445.00±35.50 in the MCF-7 wild-type cells, and the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). In the presence of 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin, the number of cell invasion was 502.00±45.60 in the NAT10 overexpression group and 105.00±20.50 in the NAT10 knockdown group, both statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with 219.00±31.50 in wild-type cells. In the presence of 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin, NAT10 overexpression enhanced the binding of PARP1 to NAT10 compared with wild-type cells, whereas the use of the NAT10 inhibitor Remodelin inhibited the mutual binding of the two. Overexpression of NAT10 induced PARP1 acetylation followed by increased PARP1 binding to XRCC1, and knockdown of NAT10 expression reduced PARP1 binding to XRCC1. Overexpression of NAT10 enhanced PARP1 binding to LIG3, while knockdown of NAT10 expression decreased PARP1 binding to LIG3. In 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin-treated cells, the γH2AX expression level was 0.38±0.02 in NAT10 overexpressing cells and 1.36±0.15 in NAT10 knockdown cells, both statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with 1.00±0.00 in wild-type cells. In 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin treated cells, the apoptosis rate was (6.54±0.68)% in the NAT10 overexpression group and (12.98±2.54)% in the NAT10 knockdown group, both of which were statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with (9.67±0.37)% in wild-type cells. Conclusion: NAT10 overexpression enhances the binding of NAT10 to PARP1 and promotes the acetylation of PARP1, which in turn prolongs the half-life of PARP1, thus enhancing PARP1 recruitment of DNA damage repair related proteins to the damage sites, promoting DNA damage repair and ultimately the survival of breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/enzymology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , MCF-7 Cells , N-Terminal Acetyltransferases/metabolism , Organoplatinum Compounds/pharmacology , Oxaliplatin/pharmacology , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
14.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1379-1385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953958

ABSTRACT

Background Acute drug poisonings are increasing year by year and have become the leading cause of acute poisoning in Shanghai in recent years, and the related prevention and control work is faced with a tough situation. Objective To understand the composition of drugs leading to acute poisonings and describe the epidemiological tendency of reported acute drug poisonings in Shanghai. Methods We collected registered acute drug poisoning case information from the Shanghai Health Information System under Shanghai Health Statistics Center, including demographic characteristics and clinical diagnosis. There were totally 86476 cases reported from 2019 to 2021. The distributions of drugs and victims were described by year. Incidence tendency of acute drug poisonings was analyzed by chi-square test and the analysis focused on analgesic, hypnotics, and antidepressant drug-associated poisonings. Spatial autocorrelation analysis was performed by GeoDa1.20 through calculating global and local Moran's I. Results There was an ascendant tendency in both case count (22132 cases in 2019, 29071 cases in 2020, and 35273 cases in 2021) and crude morbidity (0.89‰ in 2019, 1.21‰ in 2020, and 1.46‰ in 2021) of patients who received outpatient service or emergency treatment for acute drug poisonings from 2019 to 2021 in Shanghai. The top 3 kinds of acute poisoning drugs were analgesics, hypnotics, and antidepressants. The morbidity rates of acute drug poisonings associated with antidepressants (χ2=2700.15, P<0.05) and analgesics (χ2=2294.01, P<0.05) increased year by year. The leading 3 kinds of drugs associated with acute drug poisonings in the same age group were similar. Analgesics showed high frequency staying in the top 3 acute poisoning drugs in most age groups for the 3 years (the highest morbidity was 0.84‰ in male or 1.07‰ in female). Antidepressants were in the top 3 acute poisoning drugs in the under 59 years age groups for the 3 years (male morbidity rate was 0.12‰-0.44‰, and female morbidity rate was 0.06‰-0.45‰). Hypnotics were in the top 3 acute poisoning drugs in the ≥ 18 years age groups for the 3 years (morbidity rate in male was 0.28‰-0.98‰, and morbidity rate in female was 0.21‰-0.92‰). Cardiovascular drugs were in the top 3 acute poisoning drugs in the > 60 years age group for the 3 years (male morbidity rate was 0.40‰-1.03‰, and female morbidity rate was 0.66‰-0.81‰). Regarding the causes of poisonings, accidental poisoning and exposure was the main cause in the ≤ 17 years groups (male constituent ratio was 57.64%-67.12%, and female constituent ratio was 55.27%-68.27%); suicide (male constituent ratio was 20.28%-43.51%, and female constituent ratio was 25.18%-52.02%) had a higher percentage than accidental poisoning and exposure (male constituent ratio was 16.97%-23.62%, and female constituent ratio was 12.76%-17.63%) in the 18-59 years age groups; accidental poisoning and exposure (male constituent ratio was 24.38%-45.18%, and female constituent ratio was 32.69%-38.11%) had a higher percentage than suicide (male constituent ratio was 12.35%-14.02%, and female constituent ratio was 11.92%-12.31%) in the > 60 years age group. The spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the distribution of acute poisoning cases caused by analgesics, hypnotics, or antidepressants was not random. It was mostly positive spatial clustering. The high-morbidity area was always in the outer-ring circle, especially in Xuhui, Changning, and Jing'an districts, which suggested a high-high cluster pattern. Conclusion In view of the increasing morbidity rate of acute drug poisoning cases in Shanghai in this study, it is urgent to take prevention and control actions. We should plan further studies and different strategies toward different victims with distinct drug poisoning characteristics and areas with high morbidity rates.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 867-871, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006639

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the diagnostic value of balloon expulsion test, anorectal manometry, and colonic transit test for detecting constipation with defecation disorders. 【Methods】 Outpatients with functional constipation were retrospectively analyzed and classified into dyssynergic defecation constipation and non-dyssynergic defecation constipation according to the Rome Ⅳ diagnostic criteria. We studied the differences in symptomatological characteristics and results of the three testing methods between the two groups of patients. 【Results】 Among the 48 patients with functional constipation included, there were 13 males (27.1%) and 35 females (72.9%) with an age of (44.8±12.3) years, including 32 patients (66.7%) with defecation disorder and 16 patients (33.3%) with non-defecation disorder. The percentage of anal distension was significantly higher in patients with dyssynergic defecation constipation than in those with non-dyssynergic defecation constipation (34.4% vs. 0.0%, P=0.021). All the three tests had diagnostic value for dyssynergic defecation constipation, but with low diagnostic agreement between the results of each test. The diagnostic sensitivity of anorectal manometry was 100%, but the specificity (56.3%) was low, and both the positive predictive value (82.1%) and the negative predictive value (100%) were higher; the diagnostic sensitivity (75.0%) and specificity (81.3%) of the balloon expulsion test were both higher. The Youden index of colonic transit test was the smallest. The anal resting pressure and maximum systolic pressure of dyssynergic defecation constipation were lower than those of non-dyssynergic defecation constipation (75.2 mmHg vs. 97.1 mmHg, 168.7 mmHg vs. 251.6 mmHg). The two types of constipation did not significantly differ in anorectal pressure gradients during simulated defecation or rectal sensory function. 【Conclusion】 The balloon expulsion test can be used as a primary screening test for constipation with defecation disorders, and anorectal manometry has the highest comprehensive diagnostic value, but there is a certain false positive rate, and the colonic transit test has the lowest diagnostic efficacy. Thus a comprehensive analysis of the patient’s symptoms and the results of different tests is needed in clinical practice.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1007-1011, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909657

ABSTRACT

Objective:We aimed to estimate the incidence of anxiety or depression in asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO) patients and explore its related factors.Methods:Stable patients who were treated or followed up in the outpatient department of respiratory medicine in the First Hospital of China Medical University from March 2018 to March 2019 were enrolled, including 53 ACO patients, 74 asthma patients, and 138 patients with COPD. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were used to evaluating the anxiety and depression status of the three groups of patients, and the risk factors of anxiety and/or depression in ACO patients were analyzed.Results:There were 33 cases (62.3%), 35 cases (47.3%) and 69 cases (50.0%) combined with anxiety in ACO, asthma and COPD group; there were 29 cases (54.7%), 25 cases (33.8%) and 58 cases (42.0%) combined with depression in ACO, asthma and COPD group, respectively. The patients with depression in ACO were significantly higher than those in asthma group ( P<0.05). There were 28 patients (52.8%), 24 patients (32.4%) and 52 patients (37.7%) combined with anxiety and depression in ACO, asthma and COPD group, respectively, with significant difference in ACO group and asthma group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment test (CAT) score≥10 was associated with anxiety ( OR=15.00, P<0.01) or depression ( OR=8.667, P<0.01) in patients with ACO. Conclusions:Anxiety/depression is common in chronic airway disease. Compared with asthma, anxiety and/or depression is more frequent in the patients with ACO. ACO patients with high CAT scores should pay attention to screening for anxiety/depression.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 997-1000, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the practical effect of multi-disciplinary treatment learning (MDT-L) combined with PBL+CBL teaching on the clinical clerkship of neurosurgery.Methods:In the study, 30 neurosurgery clinical interns accepted by Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were set as the control group, and 30 neurosurgery clinical interns from January 2020 to December 2020 were set as the research group. The control group implemented conventional teaching, and the research group used MDT-L combined with PBL+CBL teaching. After the clerkship, the two groups' clinical clerkship results, changes of comprehensive abilities before and after clerkship, professional quality after clerkship, and satisfaction with teaching methods were compared. SPSS 26.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:After the clerkship, the theoretical knowledge and operational skills assessment scores of the research group were significantly higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the scores of the two groups in learning interest, analytical ability, communication skills, innovation ability and file management ability before the clerkship ( P>0.05). While, after the clerkship, the comprehensive ability scores of the above dimensions of the two groups increased, and the comprehensive ability scores of the study group were all higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). After the clerkship, the scores of professional ability, problem analysis and solving ability, mastery of diagnosis and treatment procedures, scoring of medical documents writing and total scoring of professional quality in the study group were all higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The satisfaction scores of the study group on the attractiveness, effectiveness and practicality of the teaching method were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of MDT-L combined with PBL+CBL teaching in neurosurgery clinical clerkship can not only improve the performance of internship, but also enhance the comprehensive ability of interns and improve their professional quality and satisfaction.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1411-1414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887381

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand pneumonia mortality in children aged 0-14 years in China in recent 15 years, and to provide reference for child pneumonia prevention and treatment.@*Methods@#Based on the death data from China Statistical Yearbook 2005-2019, pneumonia mortality in urban and rural children aged 0-14 was extracted and the standardized mortality was calculated, and the trend of mortality was fitted by Joinpoint regression model.@*Results@#The crude mortality rate of child pneumonia in urban and rural areas showed an increasing trend, while the standardized mortality rate showed a fluctuating downward trend. Joinpoint regression showed that the mortality rate of pneumonia in urban and rural children showed a monotonous downward trend, and there was no turning point. The overall APC of pneumonia mortality of urban children was -3.4, that of boys and girls were both -3.5. Trend for annual changes in urban areas were found significant among total sample and boys (both P <0.05). The overall APC of pneumonia mortality in rural children was -7.8, that of boys and girls were -7.1 and -7.8, respectively. Trend for annual changes in rural areas were found significant among total sample and boys(both P <0.05). There was no significant differences in the trend of mortality between urban and rural groups.@*Conclusion@#During 2005 to 2019, child pneumonia mortality in urban and rural areas in China shows a downward trend, which is relatively balanced in urban and rural areas. Further strengthened pediatric pneumonia treatment and management are expected to reduce the pneumonia mortality.

19.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influencing factors of low back pain and the relationship of the influence of bad working posture, weight load and frequency of load and the dose-response relationship among the occupational workers of key industries in China. METHODS: A total of 57 501 employees from 15 key industries in China were selected as research subjects using stratified cluster sampling method. The occurrence of low back pain in the past one year, as well as occupational factors such as job type, labor organization and work posture were investigated by using the Chinese version Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China was 16.4%(9 448/57 501). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of low back pain in females was higher than that in males(P<0.01). Married, obese, occasional and frequent smokers, and a history of lower back disease were associated with increased risk of low back pain(all P<0.05). The risk of low back pain was associated with older age, higher education level, and lower frequency of physical exercise(all P<0.01). The risk of low back pain was higher with longer working time, greater back curvature, and the high frequency of long standing and sitting position work, uncomfortable working posture, repeated operation per minute, and lifting>5 kg weight(all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The influencing factors of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China include bad working posture, high frequency load, weight load and other individual factors. There is a dose-response relationship with low back posture load and frequency of load.

20.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 175-181, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015474

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the temporal and spatial expressions of G protein-coupled receptor, putative receptor protein related to angiotensin type 1 receptor (APJ), in mammal cochlea postnatal development. Methods The cochlear tissues of each group 11 C57BL/ 6 mice at postnatal day 7 (P7), P14, P28 and postnatal month 2(P2M) were taken out under a stereo microscope. Real-time PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescent staining were used to detect the expressions of APJ in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons. Results The expression pattern of APJ in cochleae showed an upward trend during the period from P7 to P2M. The temporal expressions of APJ in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons increased obviously at P14 and P2M. The spatial expression patterns of APJ in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons followed a declined gradient from base turns to apex turns at P14. Conclusion APJ expression exhibits a specific spatial and temporal pattern during mouse cochlea postnatal development, and may play a role in cochleae maturation and hearing formation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL