Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.520
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 320-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare Liguatrazine opthalmic liposome therm osensitive gel ,and to investigate its in vivo and in vitro characteristics. METHODS :The ammonium sulfate gradient method was used to prepare Liguatrazine liposomes. The preparation technology was optimized by using orthogonal test. Using poloxamer P 407 as gel matrix ,Liguatrazine liposomes were prepared into thermosensitive gel. A membraneless model was used to study the dissolution and in vitro drug release of the gel. The modified Franz diffusion cell was used to investigate corneal permeability and further determine corneal hydration value. The effects of the gel on the proliferation of human corneal epithelial cell HCE-T. HE staining and Draize test were used to investigate the stimulatory effects of the gel on corneal cells of the rabbit ,and the histological changes of the eyes were observed. RESULTS :The optimal preparation technology of Liguatrazine liposome was drug-lipid ratio of 1 ∶ 10(m/m),the ammonium sulfate concentration of 0.2 mol/L,phospholipid-cholesterol ratio of 4∶1(m/m),incubation temperature of 45 ℃. Then ligustrazine opthalmic liposome thermosensitive gel was prepared with 23% poloxamer P 407 as gel matrix. The gel had good gelatinization temperature. The in vitro drug release and dissolution showed zero-order kinetic characteristics ,and in vitro drug release of the gel was mainly related to dissolution (R2=0.993 4). The cumulative transcorneal permeability of the gel was 43.3% within 6 hours and corneal hydration value was 72.98%. Low and medium concentrations (1,5 mg/L)of Ligustrazine opthalmic liposome thermosensitive gel had no obvious proliferation toxicity to HCE-T cells ,but it showed cytotoxicity at high concentration (10 mg/L). The mean Draize eyeirritation score of the gel on rabbit cornea was within non-stimulation,and there was no abnormal change in rabbit (No.2018001) corneal histology. CONCLUSIONS : Prepared Ligustrazine opthalmic liposome thermosensitive gel has a suitable phase transition temperature ,good corneal permeability ,and low corneal irrit ation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885958

ABSTRACT

Talents constitute core resource in the development of healthcare sector. Based on the situation of the talent team in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, the authors systematically constructed the hierarchical and classified system for talent cultivation, centering on three key areas of talent cultivation, evaluation and assessment. The authors analyzed the achievements since the implementation in 2016, namely the innovation of talent evaluation, the construction of discipline echelon, and the communication and inter-departmental cooperation. At the same time, the authors further put forward targeted suggestions to promote the development of talent teams in terms of transforming the human resource management model, increasing policy support and funding, implementing refined management, and improving talent evaluation indicators by the levels and types.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the protein expression changes in the retina of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) in rats.Methods:The rat NAION (rNAION) model was established by Rose Bengal and laser. Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, the normal control group, the laser control group, the RB injection control group, and the rNAION model group, with 5 rats in each group. The right eye was used as the experimental eye. The retina was dissected at the third day after modeling. Enzyme digestion method was used for sample preparation and data collection was performed in a non-dependent collection mode. The data were quantitatively analyzed by SWATH quantitative mass spectrometry, searching for differential proteins and performing function and pathway analysis.Results:Compared with the other three control groups, a total of 184 differential proteins were detected in the rNAION group (expression fold greater than 1.5 times and P<0.05), including 99 up-regulated proteins and 85 down-regulated proteins. The expressions of glial fibrillary acidic protein, guanine nucleotide binding protein 4, laminin 1, 14-3-3γ protein YWHAG were increased. Whereas the expressions of Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1, secretory carrier-associated membrane protein 5, and Clathrin coat assembly protein AP180 were decreased. The differential proteins are mainly involved in biological processes such as nerve growth, energy metabolism, vesicle-mediated transport, the regulation of synaptic plasticity, apoptosis and inflammation. Pathway enrichment analysis showed that PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and complement and thrombin reaction pathway was related to the disease. Conclusion:The protein expressions of energy metabolism, nerve growth, synaptic vesicle transport and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway can regulate the neuronal regeneration and apoptosis in NAION.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885636

ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DC) represent a heterogeneous cell population including many subsets. DC subpopulations with different characteristics and functions have been identified. The liver, as an immunological organ, is important in induction of immune tolerance. The unique anatomical architecture and immune properties of the liver have given DC the ability to maintain liver homeostasis and respond quickly to liver tissue damage. This article reviewed the role of hepatic DC subsets in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and repair of damaged tissue in the liver.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence, biochemical and molecular characteristics, and gene mutation spectrum of neonatal methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) in Shaanxi province.Methods:This study involved 146 152 newborns undergoing neonatal screening for methylmalonic acidemia by tandem mass spectrometry in Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital from January 2014 and December 2019. Clinical manifestations and follow-up data of newborns diagnosed with MMA and their acylcarnitine profiles and gene mutations were analyzed. According to whether they had elevated homocysteine or not, these patients were divided into two groups, the complicated group and the isolated MMA group. The control neonates were those excluded from having methylmalonic acid by re-examination. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U test was conducted for statistical analysis. Results:(1) Twenty-one cases of MMA were confirmed with an incidence of 1/6 960, including 11 cases (52.4%) of isolated MMA (isolated MMA group) and 10 (47.6%) complicated by elevated homocysteine (complicated group). Eight patients in the isolated group had symptoms within one month after birth, mainly feeding difficulties, vomiting, drowsiness, poor response and infection, and five died. Patients in the complicated group were all diagnosed before developing typical clinical symptoms, and no developmental abnormalities were reported during follow-up. (2) Blood propionyl carnitine and its ratios to acetylcarnitine and free carnitine in the isolated MMA and complicated groups were higher than those in the control group [ M (min-max), 9.26 (3.70-37.78) μmol/L and 7.27 μmol/L (3.58-13.62 μmol/L) vs 4.51 μmol/L (1.48-8.69 μmol/L), H=23.239; 1.12 (0.32-2.43) and 0.74 (0.36-1.90) vs 0.25 (0.09-0.45), H=47.061; 0.94 (0.12-1.92) and 0.56 (0.18-1.03) vs 0.17 (0.06-0.38), H=36.868; all P<0.001]. The blood methionine level in the complicated group was significantly lower than that in the isolated MMA group [7.64 μmol/L (3.40-19.25 μmol/L) vs 24.22 μmol/L (10.73-56.55 μmol/L), U=3.000, P<0.001]. (3) All 21 patients carried complex heterozygous mutations or homozygous mutations in pathogenic genes, including 15 distinct MMUT mutations and 13 distinct MMACHC mutations. In the isolated MMA group, the most common mutation was c.323G>A (p.Arg108His) in the MMUT gene with a positive rate of 13.6%, and an unreported mutation, c.1676+11A>G, with unidentified clinical significance, was also found. The most common mutations in the complicated group were c.609G>A (p.Trp203Ter) and c.567dupT (p.Ile190fs) in the MMACHC gene, and the positive rates were both 20.0%. Moreover, two unreported variants, c.430-2A>C and c.648_650delAGA (p.216_217delSEinsS), were detected and suspected to be pathogenic. Conclusions:MMA is not uncommon in Shaanxi province. Children with isolated MMA tend to be more severe clinically. The identification of hotspot mutations, including c.609G>A (p.Trp203Ter) and c.567dupT (p.Ile190fs) in MMACHC gene and c.323G>A (p.Arg108His) in MMUT gene, provides a foundation for further genetic screening, counseling, and prenatal diagnosis, and is conducive to reduce the mortality and disability rate of neonatal MMA.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 76-81, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate a classification on age of diagnosis and its clinical characteristics in hospitalized elderly patients with first diagnosed Crohn's disease.Methods:This was retrospective case-control study.A total of 181 newly diagnosed CD patients were admitted to Huadong Hospital from January 2005 to December 2019.According to Montreal CD classification criteria based on the age at the time of diagnosis(sub-grouping A3 into A3 and A4 in this paper), 181 CD patients were classified into four groups: the A1 group(≤16 years, n=4), A2 group(17-40 years, n=60)and A3 group(41-59 years, n=63)(above three as control groups), and the A4 group[≥60 years, with elder-onset Crhon's disease(EOCD), n=54]as a study group.Results:A total of 181 first diagnosed CD patients who met the diagnostic criteria were included in this study.During the investigation period, the total incidence rate of CD was 37.90/100, 000, and the total prevalence rate of CD was 142.79/100, 000.Among the 181 first diagnosed CD patients, there were 4 patients(2.2%)with age of diagnosis of ≤16 years(group A1), 60 patients(33.2%)with age of diagnosis of 16-40 years(A2), 63 patients(34.8%)with age of diagnosis of 41-59 years(A3)and 54 patients(29.8%)with age of diagnosis of ≥=60 years(A4). Of these first diagnosed CD patients, male were dominant in A2 group(51 males / 9 females), while the ratio of males and females tended to be the same(32 males /31 females)in A3 group, and the proportion of female patients was greater than that of male patients in A4 group(25 males /29 females)( P<0.0001). The main CD lesion was ileocolic type in the EOCD group, accounting for 57.4%( P=0.0077). The incidence rate of ileus type CD was 42.6%( P=0.1942). Among the 163 CD patients who underwent colonoscopy, under Simple Endoscopic Score for CD(SES-CD)evaluation, the proportion of SES-CD severity type in EOCD group was as high as 82.2%, which was higher than that in the A3 group(51.7%, P=0.0187). All CD patients underwent pathological examination.There were 173 cases(95.6%)with focal lymphocytic infiltration, 120 cases(66.3%)with inflammatory infiltration on the crypt epithelial and 82 cases(45.3%)with non-caseous granuloma tissue.In the EOCD group, non-caseous granuloma accounted for 61.1%, which was higher than that in the A3 and A2 groups( P=0.0318). In the EOCD group, the non-complication rate was 1.89%, and the incidence rates of 3, 4 and ≥5 complications were 14.8%, 22.2% and 24.1%, respectively( P<0.0001, P=0.0280, 0.0141 and 0.0013). The sulphasalazine(SASP)alone was the main treatment method, accounting for 42.6%( P=0.0038), and the surgery accounted for 24.1%( P=0.9598). Conclusions:The incidence and trend of EOCD are basically consistent with those of adult-onset CD and showed an rising volatility.Incidence rate of EOCD is higher in females than in males.EOCD lesions of visual observation under endoscope are serious.The detection rate of non-caseous granulomas and related scars is high under microscope.EOCD patients have many complications, and SASP alone is the main treatment method.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 627-632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the MRI features of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 12 patients with CAA-ri diagnosed in Affiliated Guizhou Aviation Industry Cor Ltd No 300 Hospital of Zunyi Medical University (9 cases), Xingyi People′s Hospital (2 cases) and Anshun people′s Hospital (1 case) from June 2013 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 3 females and 9 males, aged from 57 to 89 years old, with an average age of 71±10 years. The twelve patients included 5 cases with probable CAA-ri and 7 cases with possible CAA-ri. The duration of the disease ranged from 30 minutes to 2 years. One patient has ApoE ε4/ε4 gene overexpressed. All the 12 patients underwent MRI, including susceptibility weighted imaging in 12 cases, DWI in 10 cases, contrast enhanced MRI (CE-MRI) in 9 cases, MRS in 3 cases, MRA in 7 cases, and perfusion-weighted imaging in 1 case.Results:Imaging features of CAA-ri included encephalopathic, tumoral, classical cerebral amyloid angiopathy(CAA) manifestations. Twelve cases of encephalopathic manifestations showed patchy white matter hyperintensity (WMH) involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence (FLAIR), usually asymmetric,with various degree of mass effect, no diffusion restriction on DWI and no enhancement on CE-MRI. One case showed a single tumoral lesion with irregular enhancement on CE-MRI. The classic CAA findings included hemorrhagic lesions (microhemorrhage in 8 cases, lobar hemorrhage in 6 cases, subarachnoid hemorrhage in 3 cases, iron deposition on the brain surface in 7 cases) and ischemic lesions (microinfarction in 1 case, enlarged perivascular space and interlobar space in 4 cases). Follow-up showed lesions absorption and/or new lesion formation in 5 cases. Conclusions:The MRI features of CAA-ri are mainly patchy WMH involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 FLAIR, usually asymmetric, with wandering and alternating features, and inconsistency with clinical manifestations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of two-dimensional ultrasound combined with shear wave elastography (SWE) in assessing perineal body characteristics in patients with stress urinary incontinence(SUI).Methods:Sixty-four patients with stress urinary incontinence from December 2019 to August 2020 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were selected as the SUI group, in addition, seventy healthy females at the same time were selected as the control group. The clinical information data were collected, two-dimensional ultrasound and SWE examination were performed to obtain the perineal body length, height, perimeter, area and the maximum(Emax) and the mean(Emean) modulus of elasticity both at the resting and maximum Valsalva conditions, ROC curve was plotted to evaluate the effectiveness of elastic modulus in evaluating perineal body in SUI.Results:In the resting state, the length, height, perimeter and area of perineal body in the SUI group were not significantly different from those of the control group ( P=0.590, 0.291, 0.082, 0.063). At the maximum Valsalva, the perineal body length, height, perimeter and area in the SUI group were significantly different from those of the control group ( P=0.005, 0.010, 0.001, 0.008). In the resting, the Emax and Emean values of perineal body elastic modulus in the SUI group were higher than those in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant [(36.61±9.81)kPa vs (34.66±10.38)kPa, (27.43±9.78)kPa vs (26.97±8.85)kPa, all P>0.05]. At the maximum Valsalva, the Emax and Emean of the SUI group were significantly smaller than those of the control group, with statistically significant difference[(47.73±8.03)kPa vs (58.06±10.02)kPa, (35.78±7.89)kPa vs (44.33±9.62)kPa, all P<0.001]. The area under ROC curve of Emax and Emean at the maximum Valsalva was 0.738 and 0.647 respectively, the Emax was better than the Emean in assessment of the characteristics of perineal body in SUI patients. Conclusions:Two-dimensional ultrasound combined with SWE technique can quantitatively evaluate the characteristics of perineal body and provide an important imaging method for the diagnosis of SUI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether prophylactic anti-viral therapy is needed for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection resolvers with high titer of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) receiving rituximab treatment.Methods:This study was a prospective cohort study. Nine patients with hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg) negative/hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive/anti-HBs positive receiving rituximab treatment in Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to baseline anti-HBs titers. Patients with anti-HBs≥100 mIU/mL did not receive prophylactic treatment after informed consent. Patients with anti-HBs<100 mIU/mL were prescribed with entecavir before the treatment of rituximab. All patients were followed up every month after the first use of rituximab. Liver function, HBV DNA and HBV serology markers were tested. Descriptive statistical analysis was used.Results:Of the nine patients, six patients were diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), one with Waldenstrom′s macroglobulinemia, one with indolent B-cell lymphoma, and one with membranous nephropathy. There were seven patients with anti-HBs≥100 mIU/mL who did not receive prophylactic anti-HBV therapy, and two patients with anti-HBs<100 mIU/mL who received entecavir (0.5 mg/d) prophylactic treatment before chemotherapy. The anti-HBs titer of the patient with indolent B cell lymphoma decreased from 21.27 mIU/mL to 6.33 mIU/mL during the third course of rituximab treatment. After the fourth course of treatment, the anti-HBs titer of one patient with DLBCL decreased from 172.25 mIU/mL to 57.76 mIU/mL. One patient with membranous nephropathy was followed up for one year and the anti-HBs titer increased from 141.47 mIU/mL to 328.98 mIU/mL.No significant changes of anti-HBs titer were observed in other patients. No HBV reactivation occurred in all patients and HBV DNA remained negative during the follow-up.Conclusions:The anti-HBs titer may drop after rituximab treatment in resolved HBV patients. High titer of anti-HBs may protect resolved HBV patients from HBV reactivation. Patients with high titer of anti-HBs may not need prophylactic anti-viral therapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the applicability of time series model in predicting incidence of nosocomial infection in a cancer center in Shanghai, and to provide the references for early warning and prevention.Methods:The nosocomial infection data of inpatients of a tertiary oncology hospital in Shanghai from 2013 to 2018 were collected. The autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and the exponential smoothing model were established by SPSS 22.0 expert modeler. The fitting predictions were compared between these two time series models to select the optimal one. The nosocomial infection data from January 2019 to June 2019 were used to test the predictive effect of the model.Results:A total of 379 477 cancer inpatients were studied, 3 170 of which acquired nosocomial infection and the incidence was 0.84% from 2013 to 2018. Additive Holt-Winters method exponential smoothing model was the better model with R2of 0.82. Using this model, the predicted value fitted well with observed value from January 2019 to June 2019, and the mean relative percentage error was 15.22%. Conclusion:Additive Holt-Winters method exponential smoothing model could be used to fit and predict the tendency of nosocomial infection among cancer patients, which can provide reference for surveillance of nosocomial infection in oncology hospitals.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 305-310, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of fluid therapy on volume and coagulation function in patients with severe postpartum hemorrhage during cesarean section of placenta accreta under the guidance of inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) and inferior vena cava collapse index (IVC-CI).Methods:A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in 60 pregnant women with severe postpartum hemorrhage (blood loss ≥ 1 000 mL) who were hospitalized for delivery or referred for delivery in the Peking University Third Hospital from December 2018 to July 2019. The patients were divided into routine fluid replacement group and goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group (goal-oriented fluid replacement therapy was given) according to the different ways of fluid replacement. The hemodynamics, blood gas analysis, coagulation function, total fluid replacement, urine volume, prognosis, intraoperative vasoactive drugs utilization rate and postoperative adverse events were recorded before skin incision, after the fetus delivered, postpartum hemorrhage and at the end of operation, and the differences of these indices between the two groups were compared.Results:① Hemodynamics: the heart rate (HR) of the two groups were reached the peak during postpartum hemorrhage, but there was no significant difference in HR at each time point between the two groups. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) was decreased at first and then increased in both groups, and reached the trough at postpartum hemorrhage, but the MAP in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly higher than that in the routine fluid replacement group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 75.6±10.7 vs. 69.2±8.9, P < 0.05]. In the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group, the central venous pressure (CVP) was increased slightly after the fetus delivered and then stabilized, while in the routine fluid replacement group, the CVP was increased at first and then decreased, and reached the peak in postpartum hemorrhage. During postpartum hemorrhage, CVP in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that in the routine fluid replacement group [cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa): 9.5±3.9 vs. 11.4±3.4, P < 0.05]. ② Arterial blood gas: partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) in arterial blood at the end of operation in both groups were higher than those in postpartum hemorrhage. There was no significant difference in PaO 2 at the end of operation between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and routine fluid replacement group (mmHg: 189.3±100.5 vs. 240.2±126.3, P > 0.05). The PaCO 2 in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that in the routine fluid replacement group (mmHg: 34.6±4.6 vs. 36.8±4.1, P < 0.05). The lactic acid (Lac) at the end of operation of the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that of the routine fluid replacement group (mmol/L: 2.2±0.6 vs. 2.6±1.1, P < 0.05). ③ Liquidintake and output volume: the total infusion volume, crystal fluid infusion volume and suspended red blood cell infusionvolume in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group were significantly less than those in the routine fluid replacement group [total infusion volume (mL): 3 385.9±1 144.1 vs. 4 448.3±1 194.4, crystal infusion volume (mL): 2 635.6±789.7 vs. 3 160.0±860.3, suspended red blood cell input volume (mL): 695.6±366.2 vs. 911.1±284.7, all P < 0.05], and the utilization rate of vasoactive drugs in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was decreased significantly during operation [13.3% (4/30) vs. 60.0% (18/30), P < 0.05]. The amount of bleeding in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was also significantly less than that in the routine fluid replacement group (mL: 1 451.7±373.8 vs. 1 725.9±372.8, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in urine volume between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and the routine fluid replacement group (mL: 369.0±262.7 vs. 485.0±286.8, P > 0.05). ④ Coagulation function: at the end of operation, the prothrombin time (PT) in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly shorter than that in the routine fluid replacement group (s: 10.9±0.6 vs. 11.2±0.6), and the fibrinogen (Fib) in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly higher than that in the routine fluid replacement group (g/L: 3.7±0.5 vs. 2.9±0.8), and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05).⑤ Prognostic index: compared withthe routine fluid replacement group, the proportion of patients transferred to intensive care unit (ICU) at the end of operation in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower [16.7% (5/30) vs. 66.7% (20/30), P < 0.05], and ICU length-of-stay was significantly shorter [hours: 0 (0, 24) vs. 24 (0, 24), P < 0.05], but there was no significant difference in the incidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute renal injury (AKI) or hysterectomy between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and the routine fluid replacement group [the incidence of DIC: 0% (0/30) vs. 6.7% (2/30), the incidence of AKI: 0% (0/30) vs. 3.3% (1/30), the hysterectomy rate: 10.0% (3/30) vs. 26.7% (8/30), all P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Fluid resuscitation guided by IVC-CI can effectively reduce the volume of blood and fluid transfusion and blood loss in patients with severe postpartum hemorrhage and improve their blood coagulation function.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883781

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of perioperative whole course thermal insulation strategy on extubation, recovery time, coagulation index and the incidence of complications in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery.Methods:A total of 121 patients who underwent thoracoscopic surgery who received treatment in Zhoushan Hospital from October 2016 to February 2018 were included in this study. Among them, 59 patients who underwent thoracoscopic surgery from October 2016 to February 2017 were included in the simple thermal insulation group, and 62 patients who underwent thoracoscopic surgery from October 2017 to February 2018 were included in the whole process thermal insulation group. Before and 24 hours and 72 hours after surgery, platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and thrombin time were compared between the two groups. Postoperative extubation time and recovery time were recorded. The incidence of shivering, restlessness and other complications was analyzed.Results:Postoperative extubation time and recovery time in the whole process thermal insulation group were significantly shorter than those in the simple thermal insulation group [(8.06 ± 4.60) min vs. (13.98 ± 7.22) min, (47.19 ± 12.97) min vs. (56.84 ± 17.49) min, t = 5.40, 3.47, both P < 0.05). At 24 and 72 hours after surgery, platelet count and activated partial prothrombin time in the whole process thermal insulation group were significantly shorter than those in the simple thermal insulation group [(12.55 ± 0.88) s vs. (13.11 ± 0.97) s, (27.44 ± 2.43) s vs. (29.03 ± 2.14) s, (11.42 ± 0.73) s vs. (11.87 ± 0.74) s, (27.44 ± 1.96) s vs. (28.80 ± 2.22) s, t = 3.32, 3.81, all P < 0.05). The incidence of postoperative shivering and restlessness in the whole process thermal insulation group was significantly lower than that in the simple insulation Group (7 cases vs. 27 cases, 5 cases vs. 22 cases, χ2 = 17.782, 14.894, 3.33, 3.57, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Perioperative whole course thermal insulation strategy can shorten extubation and recovery time, inhibit perioperative coagulation dysfunction, and decrease the incidence of perioperative restlessness, shivering and other complications caused by hypothermia. The effect of perioperative whole course thermal insulation is superior to that of simple thermal insulation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 142-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clincial characteristics and laboratory findings of patients with neurobrucellosis (NB).Methods:Using retrospective analysis, clinical diagnosed patients with NB from June 2016 to February 2019 in Heilongjiang Agricultural Reclamation Bureau General Hospital were selected to analyze the general characteristics, clinical symptoms, laboratory examination results [white blood cell (WBC), hemoglobin(Hb), c-reactive protein (CRP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), cerebrospinal fluid routine and biochemical, serum tube agglutination test (SAT), blood culture and cerebrospinal fluid culture of Brucella] , diagnosis and treatment effect. Results:A total of 25 patients were diagnosed with NB, including 19 males and 6 females, with an average age of (41.7 ± 14.2) years old, ranged from 11 to 70 years old. The main clinical symptoms were fever, headache, joint pain, vomiting and sweating, which accounted for 92.0% (23/25), 88.0% (22/25), 76.0% (19/25), 64.0% (16/25), and 64.0% (16/25), respectively. Positive neck ankylosis and mumbness of lowerlimbs were both 9 cases (36.0%), and mental disorders were 7 cases (28.0%). In 25 patients with NB, the WBC increased in 5 cases (20.0%), Hb decreased in 4 cases (16.0%), CRP increased in 13 cases (52.0%), ALT and AST both increased in 6 cases (24.0%), TP decreased in 21 cases (84.0%); SAT was positive in 25 cases (100.0%), cerebrospinal fluid SAT positive in 7 cases (28.0%); and blood culture was positive in 2 cases (8.0%). Cerebrospinal fluid changes were mainly manifested in 14 cases (56.0%) of chloride reduction, 13 cases (52.0%) of gluose reduction and 19 cases (76.0%) of protein increase. In 25 patients with NB, 17 cases were treated with doxycycline + rifampicin + ceftriaxone, 7 cases with etimicin + rifampicin + ceftriaxone, and 1 case with doxycycline + rifampicin + piperacillin sulbactam. After 6 to 12 months follow-up, 21 cases recovered well, whereas mild sequelae were observed in 4 patients.Conclusion:Clinical features of NB are hetorogeneous, and nerurological symptoms and cerebrospinal fluid examination are of great value in the diagnosis of NB.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the immune response characteristics of helper T cells Th1, Th2, Th17 and their related cytokines in acute, chronic and recovery phases after Brucella infection. Methods:Using prospective study, a total of 130 patients with brucellosis in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Shihezi University from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected as the research subjects, including acute phase group (49 cases), chronic phase group (44 cases), recovery phase group (37 cases), and 30 cases of healthy physical examination during the same period were included in the control group. The peripheral blood samples of all subjects were collected, and flow cytometry was used to detect Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells in the peripheral blood; the cytometry bead array (CBA) was used to detect the serum cytokines interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-17A expression levels.Results:In the control, acute phase, chronic phase and recovery phase groups, the differences of the expression ratios of Th1 [(1.03 ± 0.85)%, (5.46 ± 3.54)%, (4.48 ± 2.26)%, (2.29 ± 2.25)%], Th2 [(4.72 ± 2.36)%, (7.00 ± 3.14)%, (13.99 ± 9.14)%, (5.89 ± 4.69)%], and Th17 cells [(2.09 ± 0.48)%, (3.04 ± 2.17)%, (3.61 ± 2.67)%, (2.74 ± 2.58)%] were statistically significant ( F = 20.95, 21.15, 2.90, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions ratio of Th1, Th2, Th17 cells in acute and chronic phase groups and Th1 cells in recovery phase group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05); compared with the recovery phase group, the expressions ratio of Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells in acute and chronic phase groups were significantly higher, but the expression ratio of Th2 cells in acute phase group was lower than that in chronic phase group ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-17A in serum of control group, acute phase, chronic phase and recovery phase groups were significantly different ( F = 7.79, 15.85, 7.55, P < 0.05); compared with the control group, the expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-17A in acute and chronic phase groups and IFN-γ, IL-4 in recovery phase group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05); compared with the recovery phase group, the expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-17A in acute phase group and IFN-γ, IL-17A in chronic phase group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05). The expression ratio of Th1 cells in recovery phase patients who finished treatment for less than 12 months was significantly higher than that of recovery phase patients who finished treatment for ≥12 months ( t = 2.26, P < 0.05). Conclusions:After patients are infected with Brucella, Th1 cell immunity is dominant in acute phase, Th2 cell immunity is dominant in chronic phase, and there is no significant difference in the response of Th17 cell immunity between acute and chronic phases. The immune function of patients in the recovery phase may still be abnormal when the treatment time is less than 12 months. Some clinically cured patients in the recovery phase still have a relatively high proportion of Th1 cells, suggesting that the patient's immune function has not fully recovered.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of serum galectin-3 (Gal-3), cystatin-C (Cys-C) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in elderly patients with hypertension and analyze their correlation with left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH).Methods:A total of over 65 years old 110 patients with essential hypertension in Tieling Central Hospital from July 2018 to May 2019 were selected as hypertension group, according to the LVH, patients with essential hypertension were divided into (non LVH group, 66 patients) and LVH group (44 patients). At the same time, a total of 110 healthy people in the same period were selected as control group. The expressions of serum Gal-3, Cys-C and ET-1 in each group were compared, and the correlation between left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and Gal-3, Cys-C in patients with essential hypertension were analyzed.Results:The levels of Gal-3, Cys-C and ET-3 in the hypertension group were higher than those in the control group: (132.28 ± 38.18) μg/L vs. (110.60 ± 17.51) μg/L, (1.19 ± 0.12) mg/L vs. (0.81 ± 0.06) mg/L, (21.28 ± 0.72) ng/L vs. (16.50 ± 0.68) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of Gal-3, Cys-C and ET-1 in the LVH group were significantly higher than those in the non LVH group: (159.75 ± 36.37) μg/L vs. (113.96 ± 26.79) μg/L, (1.24 ±) mg/L vs.(1.16 ± 0.08) mg/L, (21.84 ± 0.71) ng/L vs.(20.90 ± 0.41) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that LVMI was positively correlated with Gal-3( r=0.650, P<0.01), Cys-C( r=0.659, P<0.01) and ET-1( r=0.858, P<0.01). The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of Gal-3 in diagnosing hypertensive LVH was 0.821, 95% CI 0.743-0.899, the cutoff value was 148.55 μg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 59.10% and 89.40%. The AUC of Cys-C in diagnosing hypertensive LVH was 0.672, 95% CI 0.558-0.786, the cutoff value was 1.320 mg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 43.20% and 98.50%. The AUC of ET-1 in diagnosing hypertensive LVH was 0.876, 95% CI 0.811-0.941, the cutoff value was 22.275 ng/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 65.90% and 95.50%. The AUC of combined detection was 0.948, 95% CI 0.855-0.976, and the sensitivity and specificity were 84.10%, 98.50%. Conclusions:The serum levels of Gal-3, Cys-C and ET-1 in elderly patients with hypertension are significantly increased, and there are a good correlation between them and LVH, and combined detection can be used as a sensitive index for the diagnosis of hypertensive LVH.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the etiology and clinical characteristics of hospitalized severe community-acquired pneumonia(SCAP) in Changchun, and provide scientific basis for its etiology diagnosis and targeted treatment.Methods:The study subjects included 618 children with clinical diagnosis of SCAP who were hospitalized from January 2016 to December 2019.We collected pharyngeal swabs and alveolar lavage fluid from children.Virus isolation, bacterial culture, time-of-flight mass spectrometry, PCR/RT-PCR, colloidal gold method and Optochin test were used to detect the antigen, nucleic acid and protein profiles in the specimen.Results:There were more boys than girls in hospitalized children with SCAP.The peak age of onset was 7 to 12 months.Most cases occurred in winter and spring.The highest detection rate of SCAP virus was 56.15%(347/618); 73.49%(255/347) were positive for one virus, among which the top five were respiratory syncytial virus (27.8%), influenza A virus (23.9%), influenza B virus (16.1%), rhinovirus (12.2%) and metapneumovirus (10.2%). Two viruses were positive for 19.88%(69/347); three viruses were positive for 4.32%(15/347); four viruses were positive for 2.31%(8/347). Atypical microbial infections were 29.77%(184/618), of which Mycoplasma pneumoniae accounted for 95.65%(176/184). Bacterial infections were 17.31%(107/618), mainly Streptococcus pneumoniae(39.25%, 42/107) and Staphylococcus aureus(24.30%, 26/107). The mixed infection of multiple pathogens was 7.61%(47/618), among which the mixed infection rates of Mycoplasma pneumonia with Streptococcus pneumoniae, virus were 40.43% and 34.04%, respectively.High fever, faster breathing, and perioral cyanosis were risk factors for SCAP, with OR and 95% CI of 7.71 and 4.56-13.04, 2.43 and 2.02-2.93, 3.53 and 2.56-4.86, respectively.Viral co-infection occurred in 36.96%(34/92) of complications such as heart failure, toxic encephalopathy, and myocardial damage; Mycoplasma pneumoniae and other pathogens co-infected 35.29% of children with pleural effusion. Conclusion:The pathogens of SCAP in Changchun are mainly viruses notably, respiratory syncytial virus is the dominant pathogen, followed by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.The bacterial pathogen is mainly Streptococcus pneumoniae.High fever, faster breathing, and cyanosis around the mouth are risk factors for severe pneumonia.Multi-pathogen mixed infection is prone to serious complications.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of micro-video education combined with active psychological management on the rehabilitation effect of hip replacement.Methods:From January to December 2018, 100 patients with total hip arthroplasty were divided into control group and observation group, 50 cases in each group. The control group was given routine nursing, and the observation group was given micro video education combined with positive psychological management. The depression, pain, joint function and complications were evaluated.Results:After the intervention, the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) score of patients in the observation group was (34.72±6.83) points, which was significantly lower than (40.58±7.59) points of the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( tvalue was 4.058, P<0.05); pain control education in the observation group and satisfaction scores for pain control or reduction methods were (43.01±5.72) and (63.77±8.62) points respectively, which were better than the control group's (33.96±4.58) and (55.15±9.27) points. The difference was statistically significant ( tvalues were 8.733, 4.815, P<0.05); the excellent and good rate of hip joint function in the observation group was 90.00% (45/50), which was higher than 64.00% (32/50) in the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( χ 2value was 4.336, P<0.05); the complication rate in the observation group was 2.00% (1/50), which was significantly lower than the control group's 18.00% (9/50). The difference was statistically significant ( χ 2value was 7.111, P<0.05); The scores of each item of quality of life in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( tvalues were- 9.859 to- 3.154, P<0.01). Conclusion:Micro video education combined with positive psychological management can improve the depression of patients after hip arthroplasty, reduce the degree of joint pain, promote the function of hip joint and reduce complications.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882838

ABSTRACT

Phospholipase CE1 (PLCE1) is a special phospholipase C isoenzyme in the phospholipase family.It is expressed in podocytes of mature glomeruli and participates in cell signal transduction through a variety of pathways, thereby promoting its growth and expression.It has been reported that the single gene mutation of PLCE1, the heterozygosis mutation with other pathogenic genes and the interaction between PLCE1 and other factors are likely to cause primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) in children.There have been children with PLCE1 mutation-induced steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome cured after taking calmodulin inhibitors.They bring hope to treat PNS.In this article, the expression of PLCE1, its biological function, the mechanism of PLCE1 leading to PNS in children and its treatment were reviewed.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effects of Yishen-Shengxue Decoction on the prevention and treatment of bone marrow suppression in acute myeloid leukemia after chemotherapy. Methods:A total of 60 patients in Beijing Longfu Hospital from June 2018 to March 2020 were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with western medicine and blood transfusion, while the observation group was treated with Yishen-Shengxue Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. We recorded the occurrence time and duration of Ⅳ degree myelosuppression of the two groups, compared the score of symptoms and signs, injection volume of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and blood transfusion volume, and recorded the incidence of adverse reactions after chemotherapy. Results:The occurrence of myelosuppression in the observation group was significantly later than that of the control group (5.07 ± 0.87 d vs. 3.83 ± 1.15 d; t=4.695, P<0.01), and the duration of grade Ⅳ myelosuppression was significantly shorter than that of the control group (7.20 ± 0.76 d vs. 10.03 ± 1.30 d; t=10.305, P<0.01); The quantity of granulocyte colony stimulating factor injection in the observation group was significantly less than that of the control group (7.2 ± 0.8 vs. 10.0 ± 1.3, t=10.305), and the quantity of red blood cell suspension (2.5 ± 1.5 U vs. 4.7 ± 1.5 U, t=7.749) and platelet transfusion (1.7 ± 0.5 U vs. 3.1 ± 0.9 U, t=5.879) were significantly less than that of the control group ( P<0.01); the quantitative score of symptoms and signs in the observation group were significantly lower than thoseof the control group ( t values were 18.208, 15.129, respectively, all Ps<0.01). The adverse reactions of the patients in the observation group after chemotherapy were significantly less than those of the control group, and the incidence of infection, bleeding and ECG abnormalities were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 7.500, 10.000, 4.286, respectively, all Ps<0.01). Conclusion:Yishen-Shengxue Decoction is helpful to delay the occurrence of myelosuppression, and promote its recovery, reduce various adverse reactions during myelosuppression, and improve the quality of life.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882545

ABSTRACT

Objective:The response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design were adopted to optimize the preparation for citrus oils β-cyclodextrin microspheres inclusion compound. And the physical characterization and heat stability were evaluated.Methods:The best preparation technology included inverse emulsion polymerization and saturated water solution method, with volatile oil weight ratio and microspheres, microspheres and water feeding ratio, inclusion temperature as impact factors, inclusion rate as the response value, establish regression model,. We explored the orange peel naphtha beta ring paste by microscopy, infrared spectroscopy (IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and heat stability test.Results:The best preparation technology included the essential oil with beta ring paste microspheres ( V: m), the ratio of 1:10, beta ring paste small ball and the ratio of water (m: V) for 1:15, and inclusion temperature for 41 ℃. The average encapsulation efficiency and the average rate of yield under optimized conditions were 62.21% and 85.24%, respectively. The physical characterization and thermal stability tests demonstrated that the β-cyclodextrin microsphere inclusion complex of volatile oil from Citrus was successfully prepared and the physical properties were stable. Conclusion:The preparation method of citrus oils β-cyclodextrin microspheres inclusion compound by using the response surface methodology.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL