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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861655

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel combined with apatinib in comparison with paclitaxel alone as the second-line treatment for gastric cancer. Methods: Patients with advanced gastric cancer who had been treated at Chifeng Municipal Hospital, Chifeng Clinical Medical School of inner Mongolia Medical University, from March 2017 to March 2018 were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were human epidermal growth factor receptor-2(HER-2)-negative cancer and progression after the first-line treatment with fluorouracil combined with platinum. Patients were divided into groups administered with a single drug and combination of drugs. The single-drug group was administered with paclitaxel chemotherapy, while the combined-drug group with the paclitaxel combined with apatinib treatment. In both groups, the primary endpoint of observation was progression-free survival (PFS), while the secondary endpoint was the disease control rate (DCR), overall response rate (ORR), and safety. Results: A total of 60 patients were enrolled, including 30 patients in each of single- and combined-drug groups. PFS was significantly better in the combined-drug group than in the single-drug group (P0.05). The incidence of hypertension was significantly higher in the combined-drug group than in the single-drug group (P0.05). Conclusions: Paclitaxel combined with apatinib mesylate is superior to paclitaxel alone in the second-line treatment of gastric cancer. PFS, DCR, and ORR are superior with paclitaxel combined with apatinib mesylate than with paclitaxel alone. Although DCR and ORR in the combined-drug group were not significantly different from those in the single-drug group, the PFS was significantly longer in the combined-drug group, and the toxic and side effects of paclitaxel combined with apatinib mesylate were tolerable and safe.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875497

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Accumulating evidence indicates that L-carnitine (LC) protects against multiorgan damage through its antioxidant properties and preservation of the mitochondria. Little information is available about the effects of LC on renal fibrosis. This study examined whether LC treatment would provide renoprotection in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and in vitro. @*Methods@#Sprague-Dawley rats that underwent UUO were treated daily with LC for 7 or 14 days. The influence of LC on renal injury caused by UUO was evaluated by histopathology, and analysis of gene expression, oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, programmed cell death, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ AKT/forkhead box protein O 1a (FoxO1a) signaling. In addition, H2O2-exposed human kidney cells (HK-2) were treated with LC. @*Results@#LC treatment inhibited expression of proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines, and was followed by a significant attenuation of tubulointerstitial inflammation and fibrosis. The increased oxidative stress caused by UUO was associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and excessive apoptosis and autophagy via PI3K/AKT/FoxO1a-dependent signaling, and this was abrogated by administration of LC. In H2O2-exposed HK-2 cells, LC decreased intracellular production of reactive oxygen species, and suppressed expression of profibrotic cytokines and reduced the number of apoptotic cells. @*Conclusions@#LC protects against the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in an obstructed kidney.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875154

ABSTRACT

Background@#Microsporum canis is a zoonotic disease that can cause dermatophytosis in animals and humans. @*Objectives@#In clinical practice, ketoconazole (KTZ) and other imidazole drugs are commonly used to treat M. canis infection, but its molecular mechanism is not completely understood.The antifungal mechanism of KTZ needs to be studied in detail. @*Methods@#In this study, one strain of fungi was isolated from a canine suffering with clinical dermatosis and confirmed as M. canis by morphological observation and sequencing analysis.The clinically isolated M. canis was treated with KTZ and transcriptome sequencing was performed to identify differentially expressed genes in M. canis exposed to KTZ compared with those unexposed thereto. @*Results@#At half-inhibitory concentration (½MIC), compared with the control group, 453 genes were significantly up-regulated and 326 genes were significantly down-regulated (p < 0.05). Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis verified the transcriptome results of RNA sequencing. Gene ontology enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis revealed that the 3 pathways of RNA polymerase, steroid biosynthesis, and ribosome biogenesis in eukaryotes are closely related to the antifungal mechanism of KTZ. @*Conclusions@#The results indicated that KTZ may change cell membrane permeability, destroy the cell wall, and inhibit mitosis and transcriptional regulation through CYP51, SQL, ERG6, ATM, ABCB1, SC, KER33, RPA1, and RNP genes in the 3 pathways. This study provides a new theoretical basis for the effective control of M. canis infection and the effect of KTZ on fungi.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 418-428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878572

ABSTRACT

As an extremely important organelle in eukaryotic cells, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays a key role in the synthesis and processing of biomacromolecules, material transport, ion homeostasis maintenance, signal transduction, exchange of materials and signals between organelles. Many important human diseases, such as cancers, autoimmune diseases, pathogenic infections, neurodegenerative diseases and diabetes, are closely related to ER dysfunction. With the development of nanotechnology, the exploration and application of ER-targeted nanodrugs gradually become a research hotspot in the field of nanomedicine, bioengineering, material chemistry and other fields. In this paper, the relationship between ER dysfunction and disease occurrence, the principle of designing ER-targeted nanodrugs and their biomedical application are reviewed. ER-targeted nanodrugs are designed based on nanodrug carriers or self-assembly of bioactive molecules. These nanodrugs could target the ER in an active or passive manner and function by disrupting or maintaining the ER functions. The ER-targeting nanodrugs have a wide application prospect in cancer therapy, immune regulation, nervous system repairment, and so on.


Subject(s)
Endoplasmic Reticulum , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Homeostasis , Humans , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Signal Transduction
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1324-1328, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There have been few real-life dose-comparing studies on the efficacy and safety of secukinumab in Chinese patients with plaque psoriasis. We conducted a real-life cohort study to investigate the efficacy and safety of secukinumab 150 and 300 mg in Chinese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 106 patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis were included in this study. Patients received either secukinumab 150 mg or secukinumab 300 mg according to patients' weights and severity of psoriasis. The treatment continued for at least 24 weeks. The efficacy was evaluated by improvement in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) scores. The safety was also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-nine patients (55.7%) were treated with secukinumab 300 mg and 47 patients (44.3%) were treated with secukinumab 150 mg. After 12-week treatment, PASI75/90/100 responses were achieved in 100%, 97.8%, and 95.7% of patients, respectively, in secukinumab 150 mg group, and the efficacy was maintained to week 24. In secukinumab 300 mg group, PASI75/90/100 responses were achieved in 93.2%, 81.4%, and 76.3% of patients, respectively, at week 12. In this group, PASI75/90/100 responses reached 91.5%, 86.4%, and 79.9%, respectively, at week 24. Biologic-experienced patients had lower responses than biologic-naïve patients. Secukinumab 150 and 300 mg were well tolerated. Five patients discontinued treatment due to poor response, adverse event, or economic reasons.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This real-life study demonstrated that high PASI 90 and PASI 100 responses were achieved in Chinese psoriasis patients receiving secukinumab 150 or 300 mg. Biologic-naïve was associated with better clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/adverse effects , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , China , Cohort Studies , Humans , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1310-1316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878104

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epigenetics, especially DNA methylation, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS). Our study aimed to reveal the role of DNA methylation in peripheral monocytes of pSS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 11 pSS patients and five age-matched healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. Monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells using magnetic microbeads. DNA methylation profiles were generated using Human Methylation 850K BeadChips.@*RESULTS@#In monocytes from pSS patients, we identified 2819 differentially methylated positions (DMPs), comprising 1977 hypomethylated- and 842 hypermethylated-DMPs, corresponding to 1313 unique genes when compared with HCs. IFI44L, MX1, PAARP9, and IFITM1, which influence the interferon (IFN) signaling pathway, were among the genes hypomethylated in pSS. Functional analysis of genes with a minimum of two DMPs showed involvement in antigen binding, transcriptional regulation, cell adhesion, IFN-γ pathway, type I IFN pathway, antigen presentation, Epstein-Barr virus infection, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 virus infection, and metabolic disease-related pathways. In addition, patients with higher serum IgG levels exhibited enrichment in Notch signaling and metabolic-related pathways. Upon comparing monocytes with salivary gland epithelial cells, an important overlap was observed in the cell cycle, cell senescence, and interleukin-17 signaling pathways. The differentially methylated genes were more enriched in the ribosome- and AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB autoantibodies double-positive patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling revealed significant differences in DNA methylation in monocytes isolated from patients with pSS.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Monocytes , Sjogren's Syndrome/genetics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874370

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Tumor regression grade (TRG) has been widely used in gastrointestinal carcinoma to assess pathological responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). There are various standards without a consensus, and it is still unclear which kind of system has better predictive value. This study aims to investigate and compare the predictive ability of the Mandard and Becker TRGs in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 290 patients with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent NCT and curative surgery were studied. Survival analysis for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were based on the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards method. Predictive values of TRGs and models were assessed by time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the ROC curve (AUC), nomogram, and calibration curve. @*Results@#In multivariable analysis, the Mandard TRG was associated with OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.806; p=0.026) and DFS (HR, 1.792; p=0.017). The Becker TRG was also related to OS (HR, 1.880; p=0.014) and DFS (HR, 1.919; p=0.006). The Mandard and Becker TRG AUCs for 5-year survival were 0.72 and 0.71, respectively. The whole models showed an increased predictive value, with AUCs of 0.85 and 0.86, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two TRGs and two models. @*Conclusion@#TRG was an independent predictor for survival, and there was no significant difference between these two systems.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 240-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873648

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the possible responses of parents of young children to Child sexual assault (CSA) and the potential influencing factors, so as to provide evidence for prevention programs of CSA.@*Methods@#Part of the data from "2016-2020 Child Injury Prevention Project" was used to analyze responses to CSA among parents of children younger than 3rd grade in primary school by chi square test and Logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#A total of 4 072 parents were included in the analysis. Among them, 86.8% of parents chose "to solve problems together", 51.0% of parents taking children to a "psychologist", 4.9% of parents "scolding children for being too careless", 2.9% of parents "letting child not disclose abuse" and 6.5% of parents chose "other" coping methods. Parents with foreign nationality [OR(95%CI)=2.58(1.25-5.15)] and lower education level (OR=0.26-0.64) tend to "blame" their children. Mothers [(OR(95%CI)=0.54(0.33-0.90)], higher parental education level (OR=0.27-0.72) were more reluctant to encourage their children to keep quiet. Mothers [OR(95%CI)=1.73(1.32-2.27)], older children (OR=1.33-1.78) and parents with higher education level (OR=1.65-2.99) tend to "accompany". Parents aged 30 or more, and from high school/technical school/technical secondary school tend to take their children to see a "psychologist" [OR(95%CI)=1.39(1.14-1.71), 1.79(1.26-2.53)].@*Conclusion@#Parents universally pay attention to the physical and mental health of children after CSA, but some parents still take negative coping methods, e.g. "blame" and "not disclose". Parenting educational level, duration of parent-child communication and age of children are primary factors associated with parental responses to child sexual assault. This study suggests that prevention secondary injury following child sexual assault should be farther strengthened, while fully considering the characteristics of the educated objects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the neutralizing epitope of enterovirus 71 (EV71) and determine the specific minimum amino acid sequence that triggers immunity for providing a theoretical basis for the development of synthetic peptide vaccines.Methods:EV71 neutralizing antibody-specific binding clones were panned and sequenced using a phage display random 12-peptide library to obtain the key sequences of neutralizing epitopes. A series of peptides containing the key sequences with N-terminal acetylation (AC) and C-terminal linking to Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) were synthesized. Serum samples were collected after immunizing mice with the modified peptides. Then the immunogenicity of the peptides and the neutralizing activity of serum samples were analyzed by Western blot, ELISA and neutralization test.Results:After three rounds of panning, cloning and sequencing, KQEKDL was identified as the key motif. The serum samples collected from the mice immunized with the modified series of peptides containing key motifs had different degrees of binding ability to EV71 and VP1 protein. The serum samples of mice immunized the synthetic peptide containing only the minimum key motif (AC-KQEKDL-KLH) had the strongest response to the other three peptides and EV71 and the highest neutralizing titer.Conclusions:The EV71 neutralizing epitope was successfully screened using the phage display random peptide library. The key motif of KQEKDL might be the specific minimum amino acid sequence that triggered the immune system. This study provides a theoretical basis for better understanding the immune response mechanism, evaluating the immunogenicity of the antigens and further research and development of polypeptide vaccines.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885145

ABSTRACT

IgG 4 related disease (IgG 4-RD) is an immune medicated rare disease, characterized with chronic inflammation and fibrosis in the involved organs, it is a systemic disease affected nearly every anatomic site of the body, usually involvement of multiple organs, and with diverse clinical manifestations. Due to the the relative novelty of the disease and under-recognition, the overall level of diagnosis and treatment in China is uneven. Till now, there is no relevant expert consensus or guidance of IgG 4-RD in China. In order to further improve the understanding and standardize the management of IgG 4-RD, on the basis of summarizing domestic and international experience, the China Alliance For Rare Diseases, together with the Chinese Rheumatology Association, organized an expert group and established the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of IgG 4 related diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical diagnosis and treatment ability of Chinese and French medical students, so as to improve the education of clinical medicine in China, improve the diagnosis and treatment ability of medical students, and provide reference for improving training quality of medical personnel.Methods:Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical skills competition of Chinese and French medical students, and the percentages of three categories of students' scores were compared (1 team of general practice residents, 3 teams of Chinese undergraduates, and 3 teams of French undergraduates).Results:In clinical basic skills such as electrocardiogram and imaging interpretation site, the scores of general practice residents were higher than those of Chinese and French undergraduates, and there was no significant difference between Chinese and French undergraduates. In clinical virtual case sites, except for few items in surgery site, general practice residents and Chinese undergraduates were better than French undergraduates in many evaluation items. In the internal medicine site, 6 out of 8 scoring items of French undergraduates were higher than those of Chinese undergraduates. In the medical team comprehensive first-aid site, 8 out of 10 scoring items of Chinese undergraduates were higher than those of French undergraduates.Conclusion:Clinical thinking and decision-making of undergraduates in our university need to be improved compared with that of French students. The general practice residents in our school need to be strengthened in the aspects of clinical thinking, decision-making and the cooperation with emergency team.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term effect of thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer and its impact on stress response and inflammatory response.Methods:The clinical data of 124 patients with esophageal cancer admitted to Huai′an Cancer Hospital from March 2018 to March 2020 were analyzed. The patients in observation group (62 cases) were treated with thoracoscopic esophagectomy and the patients in control group (62 cases) were treated with traditional open esophagectomy. The changes of perioperative indexes, postoperative complications, stress response, inflammatory response indexes before and 3 d after operation, and pulmonary function before and 1 month after operation were compared between the two groups.Results:The intraoperative blood loss in the observation group was less than that in the control group: (189.52 ± 37.28) ml vs. (258.94 ± 32.14) ml; the operation time in the observation group was longer than that in the control group: (271.92 ± 25.43) min vs. (231.09 ± 23.16) min, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 11.105, 9.347, P<0.05). But there was no significant difference in the total number of lymph node dissection between the two groups ( t = 1.295, P>0.05). The postoperative complications in the observation group was less than that in the control group: 9.68%(6/62) vs. 24.19%(15/62), χ2 = 4.644, P<0.05. The serum levels of cortisol and norepinephrine at 3 d after operation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (145.32 ± 12.39) μg/L vs. (197.56 ± 18.78) μg/L, (84.54 ± 5.98) μg/L vs. (98.93 ± 7.26) μg/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 18.283, 12.047, P<0.05). The serum levels of interleukin 6, C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factoralpha at 3 d after operation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (101.31 ± 6.56) μg/L vs. (149.09 ± 12.31) μg/L, (18.94 ± 4.53) mg/L vs. (29.95 ± 4.16) mg/L, (84.52 ± 5.89) ng/L vs. (109.32 ± 8.64) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 26.972, 14.096, 18.675, P<0.05). The levels of the first second forced expiratory volume (FEV 1) as a percentage of the estimated value and the ratio of FEV 1 and forced vital capacity at 1 month after operation in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: (8.79 ± 4.50)% vs. (72.16 ± 3.64)%, (67.84 ± 3.24)% vs. (60.39 ± 4.15)%, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 9.020, 11.142, P<0.05). Conclusions:The short-term effect of thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer is obvious, and the stress response, inflammatory response and lung function are less affected.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for anterior circulation and posterior circulation symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (sICAS).Methods:The clinical data of patients admitted to Hebei General Hospital for ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) and diagnosed with sICAS by digital subtraction angiography from May 2019 to May 2020 were retrospectively included. The patients were divided into anterior circulation group and posterior circulation group according to the stenosis sites, and the distribution of sICAS and its risk factors were analyzed.Results:A total of 134 patients with sICAS were enrolled, including 82 males (61.2%) and 52 females (38.8%). Their age was 60.28±11.46 years; 115 (85.8%) had ischemic stroke and 19 (14.2%) had TIA. There were 92 patients (68.7%) in the anterior circulation group and 42 (31.3%) in the posterior circulation group. Body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels, as well as the proportion of patients with hypertension, diabetes, smoking and drinking in the posterior circulation group were significantly higher than those in the anterior circulation group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher BMI (odds ratio [ OR] 1.191, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.029-1.379; P=0.019), hypertension ( OR 4.073, 95% CI 1.135-14.616; P=0.031) and diabetes ( OR 2.783, 95% CI 1.149-6.738; P=0.023) were independently correlated with the posterior circulation sICAS. Conclusions:Compared with anterior circulation, high BMI, hypertension and diabetes are the independent risk factors for posterior circulation sICAS.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1562-1570, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881547

ABSTRACT

The RAS (rat sarcoma) gene is one of the important oncogenes, and its mutation is present in about 30% human tumors. KRAS (kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene) is one of the three RAS subtypes, and KRAS mutations are more common than the mutations in other two RAS subtypes. In recent years, with the continuous research, new ideas have been provided for the treatment of cancers via targeting-KRAS. Efforts have been made to develop various KRAS inhibitors. Here, based on the mechanism of action, we classified KRAS inhibitors into two categories: inhibitors that directly target KRAS and inhibitors that indirectly act on KRAS. The representative KRAS inhibitors were summarized and introduced in this paper.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 181-202, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881132

ABSTRACT

Urea transporters (UT) play a vital role in the mechanism of urine concentration and are recognized as novel targets for the development of salt-sparing diuretics. Thus, UT inhibitors are promising for development as novel diuretics. In the present study, a novel UT inhibitor with a diarylamide scaffold was discovered by high-throughput screening. Optimization of the inhibitor led to the identification of a promising preclinical candidate,

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862673

ABSTRACT

Objective::To analyze and identify the chemical constituents of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus by an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Orbirap HRMS) method. Method::Compounds were separated on Thermo Scientific Accucore™ C18 column (3 mm×100 mm, 2.6 μm). The mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid solution and 0.1% formic acetonitrile solution. The flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, and the column temperature was set at 30 ℃. HRMS was performed using an electrospray ion source (ESI), and scanned in a positive ion mode by means of full scan/data dependent secondary scan (Full MS/dd-MS2). Compound Discoverer 3.0 software that could be linked to mzCloud network database and local high-resolution mass spectrometry database of traditional Chinese medicine components was used to analyze the data, based on accurate molecular mass, retention behaviors and characteristic ion fragmentation of the compounds, as well as literature information and relevant reference materials. Result::Totally 54 chemical constituents in Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were identified, including 16 flavonoids, 17 coumarins, 3 limonoids, 6 nucleosides and nucleobases, 2 organic acids, 3 aromatic aldehydes, 1 amino acid and 6 other components. Conclusion::The established UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS method can be used to effectively and rapidly identify main chemical constituents of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. The findings provide a methodological reference and theoretical foundation for defining the pharmacodynamic material base and optimizing quality control index of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, which is of guiding significance for further development and utilization of the resources.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2346-2352, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826605

ABSTRACT

A clinically reliable non-invasive test for endometriosis is expected to reduce the diagnostic delay. Although varieties of biomarkers have been investigated for decades, and cancer antigen-125, cancer antigen-199, interleukin-6, and urocortin were the most studied ones among hundreds of biomarkers, no clinically reliable biomarkers have been confirmed so far. Some emerging technologies including "omics" technologies, molecular imaging techniques, and microRNAs are promising in solving these challenges, but their utility to detect endometriosis has yet to be verified. New combinations of researched indicators or other non-invasive methods and further exploration of the emerging technologies may be new targets and future research hotspots for non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis. In conclusion, researches of biomarkers for the detection of endometriosis are still ongoing and may benefit from novel molecular biology, bioinformatics methods and a combination of more diverse monitoring methods. Though it will be a daunting task, the identification of a specific set of diagnostic biomarkers will undoubtedly improve the status of endometriosis.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2170-2176, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826456

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association between free triiodothyronine (FT3) and long-term prognosis in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the level of FT3 could provide prognostic value in patients with DCM.@*METHODS@#Data of consecutive patients diagnosed with DCM were collected from October 2009 to December 2014. FT3 was measured by fluoroimmunoassay. Other biochemical markers, such as free thyroxin (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone, red blood cell, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen, and serum creatinine, were tested at the same time. Follow-up was performed every 3 months. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Pearson analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of FT3 and other lab metrics with DCM patients' prognosis. The association of long-term mortality in DCM and FT3 was compared using Cox hazards model.@*RESULTS@#Data of 176 patients diagnosed with DCM were collected. Of them, 24 patients missed FT3 values and six patients were lost to follow-up. Altogether, data of 146 patients were analyzed. During the median follow-up time of 79.9 (53.5-159.6) months, nine patients lost, 61 patients died (non-survival group), and 85 patients survived (survival group). FT3 was significantly lower in non-survival group than that in survival group (3.65 ± 0.83 pmol/L vs. 4.36 ± 1.91 pmol/L; P = 0.003). FT3 also showed a significantly positive correlation with red blood cell and hemoglobin, negatively correlated with age, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine (P < 0.05), respectively. Patients in the group of lower FT3 levels (FT3 ≤3.49 pmol/L) suffered from a higher risk of all-cause mortality (P for log-rank = 0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, FT3 level was significantly associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 0.70, 95% confidence interval 0.52-0.95, P for trend = 0.021).@*CONCLUSION@#Low levels of FT3 were associated with increased all-cause mortality in patients with DCM.

19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 50-54, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799034

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical features and risk factors of hepatic injury due to immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) therapy in malignant tumor.@*Methods@#Data of 112 patients (64 men and 48 women) who received CPI between January 2016 and March 2019 in Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Shenzhen Hospital, and Huazhong University of Science and Techology Union Shenzhen Hospital were retrospectively collected. The median age of these patients was 60 years.@*Results@#Hepatic adverse events were observed in 30 patients out of 112 patients (26.8%). Among them, the incidence of grade 3-5 hepatic adverse events were 7.14% (8/112). The median time of hepatic adverse event occurrence was 3 weeks (2-30) after undergoing therapy. The results of univariate and multivariate analyses showed that liver cancer was attributed to the CPI induced hepatitis (P<0.05). Patients with severe hepatic injury got almost complete resolution after receiving methlprednisolone for 4 to 6 weeks.@*Conclusion@#Live cancer is the risk factor of CPI-related hepatic adverse events.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2230-2235, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829399

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism of action of miR-196b in regulating the growth and apoptosis of hepatoma cells by targeting nuclear apoptosis-inducing factor 1 (NAIF1). MethodsReal-time PCR was used to measure the expression of miR-196b in hepatoma HuH-7, SNU-449, HepG2, and SMCC7721 cells versus normal human HL7702 hepatocytes. The hepatoma HepG2 cells were collected and divided into Control group (blank control), Anti-NC group (transfected with inhibitor control), Anti-miR-196b group (transfected with miR-196b inhibitor), si-NC group (transfected with siRNA control), si-NAIF1 group (transfected with NAIF1 siRNA), Anti-miR-196b+si-NAIF1 group (co-transfected with miR-196b inhibitor and NAIF1 siRNA), and Anti-miR-196b+si-NC group (co-transfected with miR-196b inhibitor and siRNA control). MTT assay was used to measure the change in proliferation, plate colony formation assay was used to measure colony formation ability, flow cytometry was used to measure cell apoptosis, and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of Bax and C-caspase-3. Target gene prediction software predicted that NAIF1 might be a target gene of miR-196b, and the luciferase reporting system was used to identify the targeting relationship. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the SNK-q test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsThere was a significant difference in the expression level of miR-196b between hepatoma HuH-7, SNU-449, HepG2, and SMCC7721 cells and normal human HL7702 hepatocytes (1.85±0.16/1.63±012/2.36±0.25/1.92±0.13 vs 1.00±0.09, F=29.05, P<0.001). Compared with the Anti-NC group, the Anti-miR-196b group had significant reductions in the expression level of miR-196b (0.42±0.03 vs 1.02±0.10, P<0.05), cell proliferation (0.20±0.02 vs 0.30±0.05, P<0.05), and colony formation ability (64.35±6.97 vs 119.54±11.82, P<0.05) and significant increases in apoptosis rate (22.30%±2.09% vs 4.26%±0.35%, P<0.05) and relative protein expression of Bax (0.69±0.08 vs 0.30±0.05, P<0.05) and C-caspase-3 (0.63±0.05 vs 0.21±0.04, P<0.05). Compared with the si-NC group, the si-NAIF1 group had significant increases in proliferation ability (0.46±0.05 vs 0.31±0.04, P<0.05) and colony formation ability (138.92±9.66 vs 118.47±838, P<0.05) and significant reductions in apoptosis rate (4.12%±0.40% vs 1.23%±0.12%, P<0.05), NAIF1 (0.10±0.01 vs 0.17±0.02, P<0.05), and protein expression of Bax (0.18±0.02 vs 0.29±0.03, P<0.05) and C-caspase-3 (0.12±0.01 vs 020±0.03, P<0.05). Compared with the Anti-miR-196b+si-NC group, the Anti-miR-196b+si-NAIF1 group had significant increases in proliferation ability (0.28±0.02 vs 0.21±0.03, P<0.05) and colony formation ability (97.12±8.23 vs 66.35±5.20, P<0.05) and significant reductions in apoptosis rate (9.60%±1.11% vs 21.14%±1.32%, P<0.05), NAIF1 (0.30±0.04 vs 0.52±0.06, P<0.05), and protein expression of Bax (0.28±0.03 vs 0.67±0.06, P<0.05) and C-caspase-3 (0.22±0.05 vs 0.60±004, P<0.05). ConclusionDownregulation of miR-196b can inhibit the growth and induce the apoptosis of hepatoma cells via negative regulation of NAIF1.

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