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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 243-252, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005444

ABSTRACT

Platycodonis Radix is the dry root of Platycodon grandiflorum of Campanulaceae, which has a variety of pharmacological effects and is a commonly used bulk Chinese medicine. In this study, the chloroplast genome sequences of six P. grandiflorum from different producing areas has been sequenced with Illumina HiSeq X Ten platform. The specific DNA barcodes were screened, and the germplasm resources and genetic diversity were analyzed according to the specific barcodes. The total length of the chloroplast genome of 6 P. grandiflorum samples was 172 260-172 275 bp, and all chloroplast genomes showed a typical circular tetrad structure and encoded 141 genes. The comparative genomics analysis and results of amplification efficiency demonstrated that trnG-UCC and ndhG_ndhF were the potential specific DNA barcodes for identification the germplasm resources of P. grandiflorum. A total of 305 P. grandiflorum samples were collected from 15 production areas in 9 provinces, for which the fragments of trnG-UCC and ndhG_ndhF were amplificated and the sequences were analyzed. The results showed that trnG-UCC and ndhG_ndhF have 5 and 11 mutation sites, respectively, and 5 and 7 haplotypes were identified, respectively. The combined analysis of the two sequences formed 13 haplotypes (named Hap1-Hap13), and Hap4 is the main genotype, followed by Hap1. The unique haplotypes possessed by the three producing areas can be used as DNA molecular tags in this area to distinguish from the germplasm resources of P. grandiflorum from other areas. The haplotype diversity, nucleotide diversity and genetic distance were 0.94, 4.79×10-3 and 0.000 0-0.020 3, respectively, suggesting that the genetic diversity was abundant and intraspecific kinship was relatively close. This study laid a foundation for the identification of P. grandiflorum, the protection and utilization of germplasm resources, and molecular breeding.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 253-264, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005443

ABSTRACT

Cellulose synthase (CesA), one of the key enzymes in the biosynthesis of cellulose in plants, plays an important role in plant growth and plant resistance. In this study, a total of 21 AsCesA genes from Aquilaria sinensis were systematically identified and the physico-chemical characteristics were analyzed based on genome database and bioinformatical methods. The phylogenetic tree was constructed and the gene location on chromosome, cis-acting elements in the 2 000 basepairs upstream regulatory regions and conservative motifs were analyzed. The AsCesA proteins were mainly located on the plasma membrane. The number of amino acids of the proteins ranged from 390 to 1 261. The isoelectric point distributed from 5.67 to 8.86. All of the 21 AsCesA proteins possessed the transmembrane domains, the number of which was from 6 to 8. The genes were classified into 3 groups according to the phylogenetic relationship. Obvious differences were observed in motif composition in genes from different groups. However, motif2, motif6, motif7 and motif10 were observed in all of AsCesA proteins. Analysis of cis-acting elements indicated that AsCesA genes family has cis-acting elements related to plant hormones, abiotic stresses, and biological processes. Seven AsCesA genes with differential expression were selected according to the calli transcriptome data induced by NaCl at different times and their expression levels under different abiotic stresses were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR. The results indicated that salt, low temperature, drought, and heavy metal stresses could affect the expression level of AsCesA genes, and the abundance of AsCesA1, AsCesA3 and AsCesA20 showed a significant change, implying their potential important roles to the abiotic stresses. The accumulation pattern of cellulose content under different abiotic stresses was similar to the expression trend of AsCesA genes. Our results provide valuable insights into the role of cellulose synthase in A.sinensis in plant defense.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 128-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of CT and MRI imageomics based on machine learning method in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with surgically resected and pathologically confirmed pancreatic cancer, who underwent enhanced CT scan, MRI plain or enhanced scan in Shanghai General Hospital between January 2014 and December 2021 were collected. According to the chronological order of surgery, 49 patients from January 2014 to December 2020 were enrolled in the training set and 13 patients from January 2021 to December 2021 were enrolled in the validation set. 3D-slicer 4.8.1 software was used to draw the region of interest in each layer of CT and MRI images for cancerous and paracancerous tissue segment. Image features were extracted by Python and the optimal feature set from the training set data was obtained by using Lasso regression model. The machine learning decision tree model was constructed. The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) curve was drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the value of these three kinds of imageomics models in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.Results:The 1 767 CT features and 1 674 MRI features were obtained from enhanced CT scan, MRI plain scan and enhanced MRI scan, respectively. For the differential diagnosis model of cancerous tissue and paracancerous tissue, the enhanced CT scan data model obtained the optimal feature set involving 6 features, the MRI plain scan model obtained the optimal feature set involving 16 features, and the enhanced MRI scan model obtained the optimal feature set involving 15 features. The diagnostic model based on enhanced CT scan had an AUC of 0.98 in the training set and 1 in the verification group. The AUC of the MRI plain scan and enhanced MRI scan models in both the training set and the validation set was 1. The specificity and sensitivity of machine learning decision tree model based on the three kinds of imageomics models in the diagnosis of cancerous tissue and paracancerous tissue were 100%. For the differential diagnosis model of splenic artery wrapping, the enhanced CT scan model didn′t obtain the optimal features and had no diagnostic efficacy. The MRI plain scan model and enhanced MRI scan model obtained the optimal feature set involving 5 and 4 features, respectively. The AUC of the MRI plain scan model in the training set and the validation set were 0.862 and 0.750, respectively, with diagnostic sensitivity of 93.8% and 50.0%, and specificity of 78.6% and 100%, respectively. The AUC of the enhanced MRI scan model in the training set and the validation set were 0.950 and 0.861, respectively, with diagnostic sensitivity of 90.0% and 93.6%, and specificity of 100% and 78.6%, respectively.Conclusions:Based on the radiomics of CT enhanced, MRI plain scan and enhanced MRI scan, the machine learning diagnostic model has an accuracy of more than 90% in differentiating pancreatic cancer from paracancerous tissue. For the differentiation of splenic artery wrapping in pancreatic cancer, the diagnostic model based on enhanced MRI scan haS the best diagnostic efficiency.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 786-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004741

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the efficacy and safety of plasma-derived human coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ) in the treatment of patients with hemophilia A. 【Methods】 A multi-center and open, SAT(single-arm trials) clinical study was conducted. A total of 54 subjects with hemophilia A were enrolled in 5 research centers. FⅧ was injected according to the subjects' weight, severity of disease and other factors, and the transfusion efficiency of FⅧ activity at 10 min after the first infusion of the first bleeding event was taken as the main efficacy indexes. The improvement scores of bleeding symptoms and signs within 24 h after the first infusion of the first bleeding event were the secondary efficacy indexes. The pathogenic microbial indexes and FⅧ inhibitors were detected on 90(th) and 180(th) day after treatment. 【Results】 The transfusion efficiency of FⅧ activity of 54 subjects at 10 min after the first infusion was 171.9% on average, with median of 169.5%, both higher than the target value of 100%. Within 24 h after the first infusion, the improvement of bleeding symptoms and signs of the subjects were scored, among which 19 cases (35.2%) were "obvious", 35 cases (64.8%) were "good", and the total clinical effective rate reached 100%. Five subjects (9.3%) had six drug-related adverse events. On 90(th) and 180(th) day after treatment, hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis C antibody, HIV antibody, treponema pallidum antibody and FⅧ inhibitors were detected, and no negative to positive cases were found. 【Conclusion】 After infusion, the FⅧ preparation can significantly improve the FⅧ activity level in hemophilia A patients in a short period of time, which has high infusion efficiency and can achieve better treatment efficacy, and can also effectively control and relieve bleeding symptoms and signs, with good overall safety.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1029-1032, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004695

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the quality of platelet-rich plasma(PRP) and adverse events during PRP collection and the countermeasures, so as to provide reference for the development of PRP therapy. 【Methods】 A total of 412 patients who underwent PRP treatment from November 2020 to October 2022 were statistically analyzed in terms of the general data, PRP quality and adverse events during collection, and the countermeasures were formulated. 【Results】 PRP was collected from 409 patients with a volume of (48.391±6.262) mL, with platelet concentration at (1 125.548±366.036)×109/L. There were 33 adverse events occurred in 412 patients, with an incidence of 8.01% (33/412), among which 10 was regarding to collection and 23 were adverse reaction to blood donation. The reasons include mental factors, hyperlipidemia, hypovolemia, abnormal red blood cell morphology and venous puncture injury. 【Conclusion】 Countermeasures against the relative risk factors of adverse events during PRP collection, such as exclusion of hyperlipidemia, relieving mental stress, providing adequate communication and water to patients with low body weight, lowering the collection and transfusion flow rate to patients with poor vascular status and providing calcium gluconate to patients with low calcium response should be taken.

6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1075-1083, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998954

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship of UHRF1 with the clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, as well as the effects of lentivirus transfection overexpression and knockdown of UHRF1 on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of CRC cells and the possible signaling pathways. Methods The expression of UHRF1 mRNA and protein in CRC tissues and adjacent tissues was detected by immunohistochemical staining and RT-PCR. The effects of the constructed UHRF1 overexpression- and knockdown-group cells on the expression of UHRF1, related molecules in the WNT signaling pathway, and MMPR9 were examined by Western blot and RT-PCR. EDU and Transwell assays were used to detect changes in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC cells. Results (1) In the TCGA database and clinical data, the mRNA and protein expression levels of UHRF1 in CRC cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in adjacent normal tissues. UHRF1 expression was closely correlated with TNM stage, N stage, and M stage. Patients with low UHRF1 expression in TCGA had better 5-year OS and disease-specific survival. The area under the ROC curve of UHRF1 for predicting 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS were 0.634, 0.652, and 0.771, respectively. The 3-year OS in the clinical data also showed the same survival benefit. UHRF1 overexpression was a poor prognostic factor for CRC patients. (2) After UHRF1 overexpression, the expression of WNT3a, GSK3β, and MMP9 in SW480 cells significantly increased, whereas the expression of p-β-catenin decreased (P < 0.05). After UHRF1 knockdown, the expression of WNT3a, GSK3β, and MMP9 in HCT116 cells decreased, whereas the expression of p-β-catenin increased (P < 0.05). The "rescue" experiment with IWP-2 and HLY78 can produce consistent results. (3) Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of the UHRF1 overexpression group were enhanced. After IWP-2 treatment, the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities were inhibited. Knockdown experiment exhibited the reverse results to overexpression experiment. Conclusion UHRF1 may play an important role in the occurrence and development of CRC. UHRF1 overexpression may be a poor prognostic factor for CRC patients. UHRF1 may affect the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC cells through the WNT/MMP9 signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1708-1712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998890

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the association between anthropometric parameters and 20 meter shuttle run test (20 m SRT) score among children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The convenient sampling method was conducted to select 3 192 primary and secondary school students in Baoan District, Shenzhen, based on the street school types school from April to May 2019. Height, weight, 20 m SRT score and general demographic indicators were assessed and collected. Individuals were divided into two groups based on the dose response correlation between different anthropometric parameters (the Z score of height, weight and BMI) and 20 m SRT score analyzed with the restricted cubic spline. The association between the Z score of height and 20 m SRT score was further analyzed using the Spearman correlation analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze separately the relationship different anthropometric parameters and 20 m SRT score.@*Results@#The Z value of weight and 20 m SRT score showed a non linear dose response association ( P <0.01), the significant but weak linear correlation between the Z value of height and 20 m SRT score ( r=0.06, P <0.05). The prevalence rate on the low level of the Z value of 20 m SRT score in 3 192 children and adolescents was 44.7%, and the gender ( χ 2=14.02, P <0.01) and grade difference ( χ 2=93.28, P <0.01) were both statistically significant. There was no significant relationship between the Z value of height and 20 m SRT score grade among total population, different genders and different grades ( P > 0.05). Compared with the reference group on the Z value of weight ≤-0.23, individuals with the Z value of weight >-0.23 had the low level of 20 m SRT score ( OR =0.61, P <0.05). Compared with the reference group on the Z value of BMI ≤ 0.25, individuals with the Z value of weight >0.25 had the low level of 20 m SRT score ( OR =0.45, P <0.05). Stratified for gender and grade, the above significant relationship on the Z value of weight, Z value of BMI and 20 m SRT score were still observed ( P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#The higher height Z value shows on correlations with 20 m SRT score, but the positive association is found between weight and BMI Z value and the 20 m SRT score. The cardiopulmonary fitness improvement may be more effective among children and adolescents when tuking weight and BMI Z scores into consideration.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 556-559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995414

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the value of forward-return way in endoscopic resection for the treatment of gastric fundus stromal tumor, patients with gastric fundus stromal tumor in muscularis propria diagnosed by endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography at the Department of Digestive Endoscopy of the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from June 2020 to June 2021 were prospectively enrolled in the study. All patients were treated with endoscopic full-thickness resection under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. The success of forward-return way, endoscopic procedure, operation performance, pathological classifications and complications were analyzed. A total of 12 patients were enrolled. All of them were confirmed as having stromal tumor by postoperative pathology, with 10 of very low risk and 2 of low risk. Forward-return way was successful in 9 patients and failed in 3 patients. Nine patients were successfully treated with endoscopic procedure eventually. No intraoperative bleeding occurred in any patient. In endoscopic resection, the scores of same direction of forward and backward, endoscopic field of view, and endoscopic body stability were all 2.00 points. Forward-return way has clinical application value for the endoscopic treatment of gastric fundus stromal tumor.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 415-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994499

ABSTRACT

To report the first case of chronic disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis in China. A 49-year-old male patient presented with papules and nodules of the skin for 1 year, and papules and ulcers on the oral mucosa for 2 months. Skin examination showed the edema of the left foot, multiple crusting ulcers on the sole of the left foot, ulcers with a granular base in the interdigital regions between the third and fourth toes as well as fourth and fifth toes of the left foot, accompanied by punctate hemorrhage and exudation; there were multiple papules, nodules, and plaques on the dorsum and medial side of the left foot and the left knee, with ulcers and crusts in the center; 2 papules were observed on the left wrist, and 1 papule on the left upper lip with a crusted surface; red plaques with ulcers and punctate hemorrhage were observed on the gingival mucosa, buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, and palate, and the lesions mainly occurred on the left side. Ultrasonography of superficial lymph nodes showed bilateral cervical and supraclavicular lymph node enlargement, which was more obvious on the left side. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed diffuse miliary nodular shadows, and cordlike, cloudy flocculent and nodular high-density shadows in both lungs, as well as obvious thickening of the left adrenal gland in the abdomen. Yeast cells were observed by immunofluorescent staining of biopsy tissues from the oral mucosa and left lower limb. Histopathological examination of biopsy tissues from the oral mucosa and left lower limb showed granulomatous inflammation, and refractive double-membrane yeast cells could be observed inside or outside the multinucleated giant cells, without or with a single bud or multiple buds; periodic acid-Schiff staining and hexamine silver staining of the above biopsy tissues were positive. Fungal culture of the left lower limb lesion in Sabouraud dextrose agar medium at 25℃ and 37℃ both yielded fungal hyphae. Metagenomics sequencing of the oral mucosal tissue and alveolar lavage fluid indicated the infection with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The diagnosis of chronic disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis was confirmed. After 1-month oral treatment with itraconazole capsules at a dose of 400 mg/d, the lesions on the skin and oral mucosa markedly improved, and computed tomography imaging of the lung and left adrenal gland also showed obvious improvement. The dose of itraconazole was reduced to 200 mg/d after 3 months. The patient′s condition further improved during a 10-month follow-up.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cytokine/chemokine profile in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), and assess the prognostic value of survival.@*METHODS@#Serum levels of thirty-eight cytokines/chemokines were measured by multiple cytokine assay kit in EBV-related HLH patients, EBV-infected patients, and controls. The expression profile of cytokines/chemokines was compared among groups. The changes of cytokine/chemokine expression in active and remission stage of EBV-related HLH patients were also compared, and the prognostic values for survival were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Serum levels of interferon-α2 (IFN-α2), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-7 in EBV-related HLH patients were 33.67(23.23-68.78) pg/ml, (74.95±25.53) pg/ml, and 35.35(19.50-63.55) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in EBV-infected patients[IFN-α2: 16.07(9.87-29.63); IL-6: 55.91±20.29; IL-7: 20.40(13.35-31.40)] and controls [IFN-α2: 11.02(4.67-21.25); IL-6:42.64±13.41; IL-7: 16.95(14.95-33.78)](all P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-8, IL-9, and marcophage-derived chemokine (MDC) in EBV-related HLH patients were 11.00(7.50-15.27) pg/ml, 81.30(40.79-111.0) pg/ml, and (512.6±128.7) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in controls [IL-8: 6.80(5.56-8.38); IL-9: 41.30(29.82-67.91); MDC: 384.1±156.6](all P<0.05), but there was no remarkable differences compared with EBV-infected patients (P>0.05). Serum IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC in survival and death groups of EBV-related HLH patients were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve with area under curve of 0.781, 0.778, 0.633, 0.805, 0.562, and 0.657, respectively (P=0.019, 0.021, 0.269, 0.015, 0.607, and 0.190). IFN-α2, IL-6, and IL-8 had good predictive effect on survival. Serum level of IFN-α2, IL-6, and MDC of EBV-related HLH patients in remission stage were significantly lower than those in active stage (P<0.05), while IL-7, IL-8, and IL-9 were not different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC may take part in the pathogenesis of EBV-related HLH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Cytokines/metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Interleukin-6 , Clinical Relevance , Interleukin-7 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukin-9 , Chemokines , Interferons
11.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 333-340, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To thoroughly understand the current dental chair equipment status of dental clinics in Sichuan Province and provide a reference for administrative departments.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from a health administrative department and a regional social development yearbook. The number of existing dental clinics and dental chairs in Sichuan Province was investigated.@*RESULTS@#In Sichuan Province, 7 103 dental clinics were determined to be equipped with 21 760 dental chairs. The Gini coefficients of per capita dental clinics in the province were 0.50, 0.22, and 0.06, and the Gini coefficients of per capita dental chairs were 0.68, 0.31, and 0.15; these coefficients had the same distribution as that reflected by the Lorenz curve. In consideration of geographic distribution, the Theil index for the distribution of dental clinics and dental chairs among cities and states were 0.690 7 and 0.822 3, respectively. The overall Theil index va-lues for the distribution of dental clinics and dental chairs in the province were 0.902 4 and 1.079 4, respectively. The difference in the distribution of dental clinics and dental chairs among cities and states in the province contributed 0.765 4 and 0.761 8 to the total difference, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The allocation of oral health resources in Sichuan Pro-vince is relatively equitable in terms of population and economic distribution but uneven in geographical distribution.


Subject(s)
Dental Clinics , Oral Health , China
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 558-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972745

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between mobile phone dependence (MPD) and academic burden among junior middle school students in Guizhou Province, under the "double reduction" policy by using a multi level model, so as to provide a basis for preventing the occurrence of MPD.@*Methods@#From December 2021 to January 2022, 7 868 students from grade 1 to grade 3 in 3 cities (prefecture) of Guizhou Province were selected by multi stage stratification random sampling method, and on site investigation was conducted by self compiled questionnaire and Self rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use(SQAPMPU). Using MLwiN 2.30 to fit a multi level model of the relationship between MPD and academic burden among junior middle school students.@*Results@#The MPD detection rate of junior middle school students in Guizhou Province was 20.9%. The multi level model revealed that MPD of junior middle school students was clustered at the level of school and class ( χ 2= 1 565.32 , P <0.01), and high perceived academic pressure had a positive predictive effect on MPD among junior middle school students ( β =1.96). Homework duration ≥90 min/d at weekends had a negative predictive effect on MPD ( β =-0.55), while participation in off campus training on learning days had a positive predictive effect ( β =1.66)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The MPD occurrence level is higher among junior middle school students in Guizhou Province. Perceived academic pressure, time spent on homework during weekends, off campus training and other academic burdens have an impact on MPD among junior middle school students, which should be a cause of concern for schools, families and social departments.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 864-866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972418

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the difference of tear film stability among different lipid layer thickness.METHOD: A total of 194 dry eye patients(384 eyes)admitted to our hospital from June 2020 to December 2021 were enrolled in this study. The tear meniscus height, the first tear film break-up time and lipid layer thickness were measured by corneal topographer. The tear meniscus height and the first tear film break-up time among different lipid layer thickness were compared and the correlation between them was analyzed.RESULTS: The included patients(384 eyes)were divided into lipid rich group(49 eyes), lipid balance group(27 eyes), slight lipid deficiency group(266 eyes)and significant lipid deficiency group(42 eyes)according to the lipid layer thickness. The differences of the tear meniscus height were statistically different(P=0.022), while the differences of the first tear film break-up time were not statistically different(P=0.322). The lipid layer thickness was positively correlated with tear meniscus height(rs=0.143, P=0.006). There was no correlation between lipid layer thickness and the first tear film break-up time(rs=-0.090, P=0.083), nor was there correlation between tear meniscus height and the first tear film break-up time(rs=0.038, P=0.460).CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in tear film stability in dry eye patients with different lipid layer thickness.

14.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 253-262, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982697

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Qianjin Wenwu decoction (QWD), a well-known traditional Korean medicine, has been used for the treatment of DKD, with satisfactory therapeutic effects. This study was designed to investigate the active components and mechanisms of action of QWD in the treatment of DKD. The results demonstrated that a total of 13 active components in five types were found in QWD, including flavonoids, flavonoid glycosides, phenylpropionic acids, saponins, coumarins, and lignins. Two key proteins, TGF-β1 and TIMP-1, were identified as the target proteins through molecular docking. Furthermore, QWD significantly suppressed Scr and BUN levels which increased after unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) and Masson staining results demonstrated that QWD significantly alleviated renal interstitial fibrosis in UUO mice. We also found that QWD promoted ECM degradation by regulating MMP-9/TIMP-1 homeostasis to improve renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis and interfere with the expression and activity of TGF- β1 in DKD treatment. These findings explain the underlying mechanism of QWD for the treatment of DKD, and also provide methodological reference for investigating the mechanism of traditional medicine in the treatment of DKD.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Ureteral Obstruction/metabolism , Kidney/metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Flavonoids/metabolism , Fibrosis
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(5): 733-739, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403920

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The Epley maneuver is useful for the otoconia to return from the long arm of the posterior semicircular canal into the utricle. To move otoconia out of the posterior semicircular canal short arm and into the utricle, we need different maneuvers. Objective To diagnose the short-arm type BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal and treat them with bow-and-yaw maneuver. Methods 171 cases were diagnosed as BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal based on a positive Dix-Hallpike maneuver. We first attempted to treat patients with the bow-and-yaw maneuver and then performed the Dix-Hallpike maneuver again. If the repeated Dix-Hallpike maneuver gave negative results, we diagnosed the patient with the short-arm type of BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal and considered the patient to have been cured by the bow-and-yaw maneuver; otherwise, probably the long-arm type BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal existed and we treated the patient with the Epley maneuver. Results Approximately 40% of the cases were cured by the bow-and-yaw maneuver, giving negative results on repeated Dix-Hallpike maneuvers, and were diagnosed with short-arm lithiasis. Conclusion The short-arm type posterior semicircular canal BPPV can be diagnosed and treated in a convenient and comfortable manner.


Resumo Introdução A manobra de Epley é útil para o retorno da otocônia do braço longo do canal semicircular posterior para o utrículo. Diferentes manobras são necessárias para mover a otocônia para fora do braço curto do canal semicircular posterior e para dentro do utrículo. Objetivo Diagnosticar a VPPB do tipo braço curto do canal semicircular posterior e tratá-la com a manobra de incline and balance. Método Foram diagnosticados 171 casos como VPPB de canal semicircular posterior com base na manobra de Dix-Hallpike positiva. Primeiro tentamos tratar os pacientes com a manobra de incline and balance e, em seguida, executamos a manobra de Dix-Hallpike novamente. Se a repetição da manobra de Dix-Hallpike desse resultados negativos, diagnosticávamos o paciente como VPPB do canal semicircular posterior do tipo braço curto e considerávamos que ele ou ela havia sido curado pela manobra de incline and balance; caso contrário, provavelmente o paciente apresentava VPPB do canal semicircular posterior do tipo braço longo e tratávamos o paciente com a manobra de Epley. Resultados Aproximadamente 40% dos casos foram curados pela manobra de incline and balance, com resultados negativos nas manobras de Dix-Hallpike repetidas, e foram diagnosticados com litíase de braço curto. Conclusão A VPPB de canal semicircular posterior do tipo braço curto pode ser diagnosticada e tratada de maneira conveniente e confortável.

16.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 866-868, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004184

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical feasibility of polybrene method to remove serological interference in patients receiving anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of multiple myeloma, and its detection performance of alloantibodies. 【Methods】 For patients receiving anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of multiple myeloma, unexpected antibody screening and cross-matching blood test were performed by polybrene method. 【Results】 The polybrene method can remove the interference of anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies on blood group serology; both methods can effectively remove anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody to detect anti-E, anti-D, anti-Fya and anti-S antibodies.The titers of anti-D, anti-E, anti-Fya and anti-S alloantibodies, yielded by enhanced polybrene method, were higher than those of the polybrene method.Seven patients received K-antigen-negative blood transfusion without any adverse reactions to blood transfusion. 【Conclusion】 For the treatment of multiple myeloma using CD38 monoclonal antibody, the polybrene method can quickly and effectively remove the interference of daratumumab with blood group serology.

17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 614-618, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935333

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among residents in Chongchuan district, Nantong city in 2012 and 2018, and evaluate the effectiveness of community comprehensive management of DM. Based on the data of 17 780 and 13 382 residents in the cross-sectional surveys of the " National Demonstration Area for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases " project in Chongchuan District of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018, 4 583 and 3 996 DM-related information were obtained. The population of Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018 was used as the reference for standardization. The rates of prevalence and management (including awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control and control of patients under treatment) of DM in the two surveys were compared using chi-square test. The results showed that in 2012 and 2018, the prevalence rates of DM were 12.0% and 15.7% (χ²=24.25, P<0.05), and the standardized rates were 10.1% and 10.8% (χ²=1.05, P=0.306). The incidence rates were 5.7% and 2.3%, respectively (χ²=55.60, P<0.05). The standardized prevalence rates in the two surveys were 9.7% and 11.6% for males (χ²=3.66, P=0.056) and 10.5% and 9.9% for females (χ²=0.50, P=0.481), 7.2% and 6.5% (χ²=0.85, P=0.357) for people aged 18-59 years old and 20.6% and 21.9% (χ²=0.91, P=0.339) for people aged 60 years and over, respectively. The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control, and control of patients under treatment in 2018 were 84.4%, 80.3%, 95.2%, 58.4%, and 70.2%, respectively, higher than 47.2%, 23.4%, 44.8%, 30.4% and 59.4% in 2012 (χ²=183.33, χ²=380.65, χ²=282.99, χ²=93.24, χ²=6.22, all P<0.05). Among men, the standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control in 2018 were 85.8%, 78.8%, 91.8% and 62.7%, higher than 50.5%, 37.5%, 72.3% and 32.6% in 2012 (χ²=78.40, χ²=96.17, χ²=27.55, χ²=48.96, all P<0.05). Similarly, the standardized management rates in 2018 were 83.0%, 81.7%, 98.5%, 54.1% and 65.1%, higher than 44.0%, 10.0%, 18.3%, 28.2% and 48.8% in 2012 among women (χ²=105.52, χ²=326.36, χ²=317.22, χ²=43.34, χ²=3.87, all P<0.05). The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control of people aged 18-59 and 60 years and over were 82.9%, 79.7%, 96.1%, 55.0% and 88.0%, 81.8%, 93.0% and 67.2%, higher than 42.6%, 19.8%, 42.2%, 27.5% and 63.9%, 36.8%, 53.9%, 40.8% in 2012 (χ²=44.51, χ²=102.17, χ²=57.78, χ²=21.65, all P<0.05; χ²=71.18, χ²=181.55, χ²=146.26, χ²=59.23, all P<0.05). The comprehensive prevention and control system of chronic diseases, which comprehensively covered the life of community residents, had good management effect on DM, and effectively promoted health education and health promotion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Incidence , Prevalence , Rural Population
18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 739-743, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of Zhongfeng Xingnao liquid combined with conventional treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:A total of 92 patients with AIS in our hospital from May 2020 to March 2021 who met the inclusion criteria were selected and divided into 2 groups according to the end number of the medical records, with 46 cases in each group. Both groups were given conventional western medicine therapy, and the control group added intravenous drip of edaravone injection, and the study group added Zhongfeng Xingnao liquid on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated continuously for 2 weeks. Before and after treatment, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) were used to evaluate the degree of neurological deficit and prognosis. The whole blood high-shear viscosity, hematocrit, whole blood low-shear viscosity, fibrinogen were detected by automatic blood rheometer, and the levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), IL-6 and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were detected by ELISA. Adverse events were recorded, and clinical effect rate was evaluated.Results:After treatment, the mRS score (2.06±0.18 vs. 2.73±0.23, t=15.56) and NIHSS score (5.25±2.36 vs. 10.61±2.48, t=14.58) of the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). The total clinical effective rate was 89.1% (41/46) in the study group and 69.6% (32/46) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=5.37, P=0.020). After treatment, the serum levels of hs-CRP [(9.04±1.98)mg/L vs. (14.36±2.09)mg/L, t=12.57], IL-6 [(23.14±1.46)ng/L vs. (39.37±2.51)ng/L, t=12.39] and ET-1[(67.18±13.22)ng/L vs. (98.14±22.29)ng/L, t=19.37] in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). The whole blood high shear viscosity [(7.53± 1.37)mPa·s vs. (9.24±1.42)mPa·s, t=5.89], hematocrit [(0.27±0.06)% vs. (0.39±0.08)%, t=8.14], whole blood low shear viscosity [(5.92±1.09)mPa·s vs. (8.35±1.24)mPa·s, t=9.98] and fibrinogen [(1.63±0.42) g/L vs. (2.47±0.58) g/L, t=7.96] were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). During the treatment period, the incidence of adverse events was 8.70% (4/46) in the control group and 15.22% (7/46) in the study group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.93, P=0.335). After treatment, the good outcome rate was 73.9% (34/46) in the control group and 93.5% (43/46) in the study group, with a statistically significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=6.45, P=0.011). Conclusion:The Zhongfeng Xingnao liquid combined with edaravone injection can reduce the level of inflammatory cytokines in patients with AIS, improve hemorheological indicators, and play a role in brain protection.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1391-1395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935020

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the imaging characteristics of dense automatic real time B-scan optical coherence tomography angiography(DART-OCTA)in macular-involved branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO)and the diagnostic value of capillary perfusion imaging in the macular area.METHODS: From June 2020 to December 2020, there were 51 cases of 51 eyes with BRVO diagnosed in Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University. Imaging characteristics of the BRVO macular area were observed by fluorescein angiography(FA), optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)and DART-OCTA examination, respectively. According to the retinal capillary perfusion status, the included patients were divided into capillary and non-imaging groups, comparing the results of capillary perfusion imaging in the BRVO macular area among the three examination methods.Furthermore, quantitative analysis of capillary perfusion density in the lesion involved area and the lesion non-involved area was performed in DART-OCTA images. RESULTS: Patients with 51 eyes were included in this study, FA identified 10 eyes of capillary perfusion imaging, OCTA identified 14 eyes of capillary perfusion imaging, DART-OCTA identified 34 eyes of the capillary perfusion imaging.Comparison of the three test methods for capillary perfusion imaging findings in the BRVO macular area showed that DART-OCTA was more sensitive compared to FA and OCTA for capillary perfusion imaging in the ischemic area. In DART-OCTA examination, retinal capillary blood flow density was lower in the lesion-involved areas in both the capillary perfusion imaging group and the non-imaging groups(0.65±0.20/mm vs 1.16±0.31/mm,0.41±0.16/mm vs 1.06±0.38/mm, all P<0.0001).CONCLUSION: DART-OCTA can provide clearer tomographic imaging of retinal capillary perfusion. And the imaging with its observation of BRVO involving the macular area is least affected by macular hemorrhage and it is an important complementary method for BRVO patients with significant retinal hemorrhage.

20.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 427-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of three-dimensional shear wave elastography(3D-SWE) with quantitative parameters and qualitative analysis of stiff rim sign in differentiating benign and malignant breast masses.Methods:One hundred and seventeen female patients (121 breast masses) admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2020 to February 2021 were examined by conventional ultrasound, two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) and 3D-SWE. Surgical or puncture pathology were used as the gold standard, the ROC curves of 2D-SWE and 3D-SWE were drawn to obtain the optimal qualitative and quantitative indicators. Afterwards, BI-RADS category was adjusted according to the optimal indicators, which could be used to evaluate the diagnostic value in differentiating benign and malignant breast masses.Results:The area under ROC curve (AUC) of BI-RADS category was 0.846, the sensitivity and specificity were 89.6% and 79.6%, respectively. The AUC value of mass-to-fat elasticity ratio(Eratio) of coronal plane was 0.869, which was the highest among all quantitative parameters and was significantly higher than that of 2D-SWE ( P<0.05). In addition, the AUC value of stiff rim sign of coronal plane was significantly higher than those of 2D-SWE, sagittal plane and transverse plane (All P<0.05). The AUC of combination of stiff rim sign of coronal plane and conventional US was 0.901, which was significantly higher than that using conventional ultrasound alone( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with 2D-SWE, Eratio and stiff rim sign of coronal plane of 3D-SWE yield better diagnostic efficiency.Adjusting stiff rim sign coronal plane to BI-RADS category can effectively improve the diagnostic efficiency.

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