Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 213
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 338-343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors and prognosis of pulmonary hypertension(PH) associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely preterm infants(EPIs).Methods:From January 2020 to December 2021, EPIs [gestational age (GA) <32 w] with BPD admitted to NICU of our hospital were retrospectively assigned into two groups: BPD with late-onset PH(PH group) and BPD without late-onset PH(non-PH group). Their general condition, treatment and prognosis were compared and the risk factors of late-onset PH were analyzed.Results:A total of 229 EPIs with BPD were enrolled, including 24(10.5%) in the PH group and 205(89.5%) in the non-PH group. The PH group had significantly smaller GA [(27.9±2.3) w vs. (28.7±1.8) w], longer mechanical ventilation [42.0(16.0, 84.0) d vs. 9.0(2.0, 23.0) d], longer hospital stay [100.5(86.3, 142.0) d vs. 77.0(56.5, 96.5)d],higher incidence of early-onset PH(54.2% vs. 9.3%) and higher mortality rate(33.3% vs. 9.8%) than the non-PH group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed prolonged mechanical ventilation ( OR=1.046, 95% CI 1.011~1.064), early-onset PH ( OR=5.414, 95% CI 1.796~16.323) were independent risk factors for BPD with late-onset PH. 8(33.3%) patients in the PH group died, including 2 with grade Ⅱ BPD and 6 grade Ⅲ BPD. Conclusions:Prolonged mechanical ventilation and early-onset PH are independent risk factors for late-onset PH in BPD infants. BPD infants with late-onset PH have longer hospital stay, higher mortality and worse prognosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 86-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and treatment strategy of neonatal ureaplasma meningitis.Methods:During 2021, the clinical data of 2 neonates with ureaplasma meningitis treated in Children's Hospital of Hunan Province were retrospectively analyzed. Literature on this subject were searched in the following databases: CNKI, Wanfang Database, Chinese Medical Journal Full-Text Database, CQVIP database, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science (up to March 2022). The key words included “infant”, “neonate”, “newborn”, “ureaplasma”, “mycoplasma urealytium”, “meningitis”, “central nervous system infection”, “brain”. The clinical data, treatment and prognosis of patients from the literature were summarized.Results:Case 1, female, gestational age(GA) 33 +3 weeks, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and ventricular dilatation were found on 2 d after birth. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) routine and biochemistry tests indicated meningitis, but the CSF culture was negative. No improvement after antibiotic treatment. CSF metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and 23S rRNA showed Ureaplasma urealyticum on 30 d after birth. The patient was treated with doxycycline (DOX) for 21 d until mNGS turned negative and DOX was discontinued. However, the disease recurred 23 d later and erythromycin was added with DOX as combined therapy. The patient was followed up until 6 months without neurodevelopmental disabilities. Case 2, male, GA 26 weeks, ICH and ventricular dilatation were found on 10 d after birth. The CSF routine and biochemistry tests indicated meningitis, but the CSF culture was negative. No improvement after antibiotic treatment. CSF mNGS and 23S rRNA showed Ureaplasma parvum. The patient received erythromycin therapy for 32 d and had normal neurodevelopment at 5 months. According to the literature, 43 cases were reported including the 2 cases descirbed above, 17 cases were full-term infants and 26 cases were preterm infants. The median CSF leukocytes, glucose and proteins were 566 cells/mm 3, 0.2 mmol/L and 2.2 g/L. 27 cases were diagnosed based on CSF culture, 6 cases using mNGS, 4 cases with both CSF culture and PCR method and 6 cases with other methods. Macrolides alone were used in 14 cases, macrolides combined with another antibiotic were used in 8 cases, non-macrolide antibiotics were used in 9 cases and 12 cases didn't receive any anti-ureaplasma therapy. All 17 term infants survived, however, 8 cases with hydrocephalus. Among the 26 preterm infants, 8 patients died, 18 patients had periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage and 15 patients had hydrocephalus. Conclusions:Neonatal ureaplasma meningitis has significantly lower CSF glucose level with hydrocephalus as the common complication. For intracranial infections of unknown etiology and no response to treatment, mNGS is helpful in determining the pathogen.Neonatal ureaplasma meningitis should be treated with macrolides alone or as add-on therapy.

3.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 243-248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986708

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of MDM2 inhibitor RG-7388 on the proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of diffuse large B-lymphoma (DLBCL) cells. Methods DLBCL cell strains SUDHL2 and HBL1 were treated with 2, 4, and 8 μmol/LRG7388, respectively. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 and EdU methods. Apoptosis was measured by Annexin V–FITC/PI double staining and Caspase 3/7-Glo enzyme activity methods. Cell cycle was assessed by flow cytometry. Changes in the expression of cell cycle and apoptosis-related proteins were determined by Western blot. Results The IC50 of RG7388 for inhibiting SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells were 3.36 and 3.76 μmol/L, respectively, and the inhibitory effect of RG7388 was dose dependent. The proportions of G1 phase and apoptotic cells in the SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells treated with different doses of RG7388 were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The activity of Caspase 3/7 increased gradually with RG7388 concentration, compared with that in the control group. The expression levels of p53, p27, p21, and PARP increased, whereas the expression of Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL was down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusion MDM2 inhibitor RG-7388 inhibits the proliferation of DLBCL cells, triggers cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase, and induces apoptosis through the p53 pathway.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 739-745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of MELK inhibitor OTSSP167 against diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The effect of OTSSP167 on activity, proliferation, and apoptosis of DLBCL cell line (SUDHL2 and HBL1) was detected by CCK-8 assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining, and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining, respectively. DLBCL cells were inoculated into nude mice, after 4 weeks of OTSSP167 treatment, the effect of OTSSP167 on DLBCL growth in vivo was detected. Caspase-GloTM 3/7 enzyme activity assay kit was used to detect the effect of OTSSP167 on Caspase 3/7 enzyme activity of DLBCL cells. The expression levels of apoptosis and cycle-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#OTSSP167 significantly inhibited the activity of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells in a dose-dependent manner (r =-0.61, r =-0.52). EdU staining showed that OTSSP167 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI result showed that OTSSP167 could significantly promote the apoptosis of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells (P <0.001). The result of in vivo experiment showed that OTSSP167 could inhibit the growth of SUDHL2 cells in nude mice. The result of TUNEL staining of tumor further confirmed that OTSSP167 could promote the apoptosis of SUDHL2 cells. Caspase 3/7 enzyme activity test demonstrated that OTSSP167 could significantly increase caspase activity in SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells (r =0.98, r =0.87). Western blot showed that OTSSP167 could dose-dependently inhibit the expression of PARP, Bcl-xL, and Bcl-2 in apoptosis signaling pathway (r =-0.93, r =-0.66, r =-0.87), while p53 protein was significantly up-regulated (r =0.82). The expression of cell cycle-related proteins cdc2, Cyclin E1, Cyclin A2, and Cyclin B1 also showed a dose-dependent down-regulation (r =-0.89, r =-0.83, r =-0.61, r =-0.93).@*CONCLUSION@#The MELK inhibitor OTSSP167 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of DLBCL cells by inhibiting the expression of cycle-related proteins and anti-apoptosis-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Mice, Nude , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Caspase 3 , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspases , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology
5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 51-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the situation of dead newborns and their parents after parents gave up treatment, and analyze the reasons and emotional needs of parents who gave up treatment, so as to provide reference for reducing neonatal mortality and negative emotions of parents.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to collect the data of neonates and mothers who died after giving up treatment reported in Hunan Children′s Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021. The general information, perinatal risk factors, and the incidence of in-hospital diseases were analyzed. Then, semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents of newborns who died after giving up treatment from February to December 2021. Understand why parents give up treatment and their emotional needs.Results:A total of 172 newborns died after giving up were included in the analysis, including 103 males (59.88%) and 74 premature infants (43.02%); Umbilical cord, placenta and amniotic fluid abnormalities were 21 cases (12.21%), 39 cases (22.67%) and 25 cases (14.53%), respectively. Birth asphyxia was 31 cases (18.02%), including severe asphyxia in 18 cases (10.46%); There were 21 (12.21%), 35 (20.35%) and 30 (17.44%) cases of maternal infection in the third trimester, hypertension in pregnancy and diabetes in pregnancy, respectively. The top three causes of death were septicemia (18.02%), congenital malformation (16.86%) and severe pneumonia (10.47%). The main reason why parents give up treatment was that the child′s disease was critical and irreversible, and parents had strong emotional needs for hospice care in their hearts.Conclusions:There are many high risk factors of perinatal death of newborns after giving up treatment. Sepsis is the primary cause of death, and strengthening perinatal health care is fundamental. Parents have a strong demand for hospice care, so it is of practical significance to implement family-centered hospice care model for such special newborns.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 127-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential genetic causes of unexplained neonatal encephalopathy.Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 113 infants diagnosed with unexplained neonatal encephalopathy and underwent genetic testing in the Children's Hospital of Hunan Province from January 2019 to May 2021. Perinatal data, clinical manifestations, electroencephalograph, brain MRI findings, genetic information, and prognosis of those patients were analyzed. T-test or Chi-square test were used for data analysis. Results:Of the 113 infants enrolled, 74 (65.5%) were males. The gestational age at birth was (38.6±1.5) weeks, and the birth weight was (2 957±561) g. The most common clinical manifestation was the disturbance of consciousness (83/113, 73.5%), followed by seizures (39/113, 34.5%). There were 38.2% (34/89) of the patients with abnormal brain MRI, and 80.4% (74/92) presented abnormal electroencephalography. Among the 113 infants, 60 (53.1%) had genetic abnormalities, including 48 with single nucleotide variations, eight with copy number variations, and four with chromosome abnormalities. Single nucleotide variations in the 48 patients were classified into syndromic ( n=18, 37.5%), metabolic ( n=16, 33.3%), epileptic ( n=11, 22.9%) and mitochondrial-related genes ( n=3, 6.3%), of which 14 were not included in any database. Among the 103 cases which were successfully followed up until December 31, 2021, 75 (72.8%) had a poor prognosis, including 52 (50.5%) death cases and 23 (22.3%) cases of development retardation. Birth weight and the incidence of seizures in the poor prognosis group were both lower than those in the non-poor prognosis group [(2 876±536) vs (3 254±554) g, t=3.15; 29.3% (22/75) vs 53.6% (15/28), χ2=5.20; both P<0.05], while the incidence of disturbance of consciousness was higher [80.0% (60/75) vs 53.6% (15/28), χ2=7.19, P<0.05]. The proportion of infants with genetic abnormalities in the poor prognosis group was higher than that in the non-poor prognosis group, but the difference was not statistically significant [53.3% (40/75) vs 46.4% (13/28), χ2=0.39, P=0.533]. Conclusions:Genetic abnormality is one of the leading causes of unexplained neonatal encephalopathy. Nucleotide variation is the most common genetic type. Syndromic, metabolic, and epileptic variants are frequently detected in these patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 393-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate liver functional reserve in healthy subjects of different age groups using the L-[1- 13C]-phenylalanine breath test( 13C-pheBT)and to investigate the patterns of changes in liver functional reserve with aging in comparison with elderly cirrhosis patients. Methods:Thirty-seven healthy volunteers were divided into a young and middle-aged group(n=10), an early elderly group(n=9), an advanced elderly group(n=9)and a longevity group(n=9). Eight elderly patients with liver cirrhosis were selected as the control group.An oral dose of 100 mg 13C-phe was administered to each subject.Expired breath samples were collected at pre-dose and at 12 different time points within 150 minutes post-dose.Isotope ratio mass spectrometer was used to measure the abundance of 13C.The percentage of the 13C excretion rate( 13CO 2ERt), the percentage of 13C cumulative excretion( 13Ccumt)at different time points, and the percentage of the 13C peak excretion rate( 13CO 2ERmax)after drug administration were calculated.In addition, associations between 13C-pheBT and common liver function parameters were analyzed. Results:Compared with healthy volunteers, 13CO 2ER 30, 13CO 2ER 45, 13CO 2ER 60, 13Ccum 45, 13Ccum 60, 13Ccum 75, 13Ccum 90 and 13Ccum 105, 13Ccum 120, 13Ccum 135, 13Ccum 150 showed significant differences in the longevity group, the young and middle-aged group and the young elderly group.There were statistically significant differences between the elderly cirrhosis group and the healthy volunteers in each subgroup(all P<0.05); The mean values of 13CO 2ERmax, 13CO 2ER 30, 13Ccum 45, 13Ccum 60, 13Ccum 75, 13Ccum 90, 13Ccum 105, 13Ccum 120, 13Ccum 135, 13Ccum 150 decreased following the order of the young and middle-aged group, the early elderly group, the advanced elderly group, the longevity group, and the elderly cirrhosis group(all P<0.05). In healthy volunteers, the 13CO 2 exclusion rate curve and the cumulative exclusion rate curve showed that the curves of the young and middle-aged group and the early elderly group almost overlapped, while the curves of the advanced group and the longevity group decreased with age, and the difference between the longevity group and the young and middle-aged group and between the longevity group and the early elderly group was markedly prominent. Conclusions:13C-pheBT is a safe, sensitive and reliable test for quantitation of liver function.Our recommendations include collecting samples within an hour of drug administration and using 13CO 2ERmax, 13CO 2ER 30, 13Ccum 45 and 13Ccum 60 as the main parameters.Overall, the functional reserve and compensatory capability of the liver are robust.The decline in liver functional reserve in healthy individuals is a gradual and slow process, with a significant decrease after age 80 and more so after age 90.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1013-1021, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) assisted by the "3-2-1" surface positioning method in the treatment of femoral subtrochanteric fractures.Methods:A total of 97 patients with subtrochanteric fractures admitted to the Second Hospital of Fuzhou from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups according to whether the "3-2-1" surface positioning method (3 longitudinal axes, 2 preset incisions, and 1 auxiliary incision) was used. There were 44 patients in the surface positioning group, including 25 males and 19 females, aged 61.59±18.43 years (range, 22-90 years). According to the Seinsheimer classification, there were 13 cases of type II, 11 cases of type III, 6 cases of type IV, and 14 cases of type V. The mechanism of injury was low energy injury in 26 cases and high energy injury in 18 cases. There were 53 patients in the traditional positioning group, including 30 males and 20 females, aged 56.38±17.24 years (range, 24-90 years). According to the Seinsheimer classification, there were 9 cases of type II, 22 cases of type III, 9 cases of type IV, and 13 cases of type V. According to the mechanism of injury, there were 30 cases of low energy injury and 23 cases of high energy injury. The length of incision, operation time, and blood loss were recorded. At 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after operation, the anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of the hip were taken to evaluate the imaging indicators (neck-shaft angle, anteroposterior and lateral displacement, and angulation), fracture healing, and complications (infection, malunion, loosening and breakage of the internal fixation, and periprosthetic fracture). The Harris hip score and EuroQol five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) were evaluated.Results:All patients successfully completed the operation and were followed up for 15.12±1.54 months (range, 12-18 months). The operation time, incision length, dominant blood loss and hidden blood loss in the surface positioning group were 1.78(1.50, 2.00) h, 8(8, 9) cm, 300(200, 400) ml and 843(629, 1 130) ml, respectively, which were less than 2.10(1.69, 2.38) h, 10(9, 12) cm, 400(300, 500) ml and 1 030(954, 1 266) ml in the traditional positioning group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The neck-shaft angle in the surface positioning group was 135.54°±2.83°, which was larger than 132.33°±3.37° in the traditional positioning group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.02, P<0.001). The anterolateral and lateral displacement and lateral image angle in the surface positioning group were 4.70±1.60 cm, 4.52±1.71 cm and 9.36°±2.94°, respectively, which were lower than 6.14±2.57 cm, 5.98±2.70 cm and 11.46°±4.68° in the traditional positioning group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). One year after operation, the Harris hip score and EQ-5D score of the surface positioning group were 92(84, 99) points and 0.90(0.73, 1.00) points, respectively, which were higher than 88(74, 96) points and 0.81(0.72, 0.94) points of the traditional positioning group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The "3-2-1" surface positioning method assisted PFNA internal fixation in the treatment of femoral subtrochanteric fracture can improve the quality of reduction, reduce intraoperative blood loss, and improve hip function and quality of life.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 477-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the surgical methods and treatment effects of adult anterior dislocation of the sacroiliac joint (AADSJ).Methods:A multi-center retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 25 cases admitted in 5 clinical centers (affiliations of authors in this article) from January 2016 to January 2021. There were 18 males and 7 females, aged 38.8±15.5 years (range, 18-83 years). The AADSJ clinical classification system was formulated based on the radiographic morphology of anterior dislocation of the sacroiliac joint, which includes two types. Type I: complete anterior dislocation of the sacroiliac joint, and displacement of the entire iliac auricular surface to the front of the sacrum. Type II: fracture of the sacroiliac joint combined with anterior dislocation, subdivided into 3 subtypes. Type IIa: iliac fracture involves the anterior 1/3 of the sacroiliac joint, and dislocation of the ilium anterior to the sacrum. Type IIb: iliac fracture involves the posterior 2/3 of the sacroiliac joint, and dislocation of the ilium anterior to the sacrum. Type IIc: iliac fracture involves the posterior 2/3 of the sacroiliac joint, and dislocation of the ilium anteromedial to the sacrum. The reliability and repeatability of the clinical classification, Tile classification and Young-Burgess classification were performed based on the results of two-phase assessments in four observers. The operations were performed by the lateral-rectus approach and the ilioinguinal approach. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding were recorded. Pelvic X-ray and CT scan were rechecked after the operation. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated according to Matta score. The postoperative functional rehabilitation was evaluated according to the Majeed rehabilitation standard at one-year follow-up.Results:Among 25 cases in this study, there were 3 cases of Type I, 5 cases of Type IIa, 9 cases of Type IIb and 8 cases of Type IIc according to the clinical classification system. The Kappa values of reliability tests for the clinical classification, Tile classification and Young-Burgess classification were 0.681, 0.328 and 0.383, respectively. The Kappa values of repeatability tests for the clinical classification, Tile classification and Young-Burgess classification were 0.690, 0.221 and 0.395, respectively. The reliability and repeatability of the AADSJ clinical classification were significantly better than other classifications. There were 14 cases underwent lateral rectus abdominis approach and 11 cases underwent ilioinguinal approach. The operative time for managing anterior dislocation of the sacroiliac joint was 122.0±50.7 min (range, 65-148 min) through the lateral rectus abdominis approach, and through the ilioinguinal approach was 178.0±49.9 min (range, 110-270 min), with a significant difference ( t=2.76, P=0.011). The amount of intraoperative blood loss through the lateral rectus approach was 680±330 ml (range, 350-2,120 ml), which was significantly less than that through the ilioinguinal approach (1,660±968 ml, 680-3,300 ml), with a significant difference ( t=3.55, P=0.002). The follow-up period was 1-3 years. At one week after surgery, the quality of fracture reduction evaluated by Matta score showed that the excellent and good reduction rate of the lateral-rectus approach was 79% (11/14), and that of the ilioinguinal approach was 73% (11/14), with no statistically significant difference ( P=1.000). At a one-year follow-up, according to Majeed's criteria, the overall excellent and good rate of the lateral-rectus approach was 64% (9/14), which is similar to 64% (7/11) of that of the ilioinguinal approach. No fracture reduction loss or internal fixation loosening failure occurred. Conclusion:The AADSJ clinical classification system can accurately describe the imaging features and clinical manifestations of AADSJ, with high reliability and repeatability. The AADSJ can be treated by the lateral-rectus approach or the ilioinguinal approach, with similar therapeutic effects but the former having less trauma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 253-257, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932321

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the biomechanical properties of cannulated screws fixation in a configuration of "axial compression and lateral buttress" in the treatment of Pauwels type Ⅱ femoral neck fractures.Methods:Ten specimens of Sawbones artificial femur were first made into models of type Ⅱ femoral neck fracture with a Pauwells angle of 50° and then randomized into 2 equal groups ( n=5). The specimens in the experimental group were subjected to fixation with cannulated screws in a configuration of "axial compression and lateral buttress" in which the axial screw was 8.5 mm in diameter and the lateral screw 6.5 mm in diameter. The specimens in the control group were subjected to conventional fixation with cannulated screws in a configuration of "inverted triangle and parallel compression" in which the 3 screws was 7.3 mm in diameter. Finally, the specimens were placed onto a biomechanical testing machine to determine the parameters of static axial stiffness, displacement under 60 to 600 N load for 5,000 cycles, ultimate load and ultimate stiffness in turn. The 2 groups were compared to find out their differences. Results:The static axial stiffness was (1,492.00 ± 87.86) N/mm, significantly higher than that in the control group [(1,200.22 ± 228.06) N/mm] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the cyclic load displacement [(0.44 ± 0.01) mm versus (0.57 ± 0.17) mm] ( P>0.05), but the experimental group showed a lower trend. The ultimate load and ultimate stiffness were (4,292.61 ± 804.29) N and (1,623.55 ± 180.94) N/mm in the experimental group and (4,383.64 ± 1,423.24) N and (1,433.77 ± 289.93) N/mm in the control group, showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Pauwels type Ⅱ femoral neck fractures, fixation with cannulated screws in a configuration of "axial compression and lateral buttress" may exhibit better biomechanical properties than that in a conventional configuration of "inverted triangle" .

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 225-231, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of excessive inlet view in fluoroscopy-assisted placement of sacroiliac screws.Methods:Included for this prospective study were 47 patients with unstable pelvic fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Xi'an Honghui Hospital between January 2020 and January 2021. There were 30 males and 17 females, with a mean age of 39.4 years (from 25 to 66 years). By the Tile classification, 21 fractures were type B and 26 ones type C. The inlet view and the angle of excessive inlet view were measured before operation. The intraoperative placement of sacroiliac screws was assisted by C-arm fluoroscopy navigation in the excessive inlet view. The positions of sacroiliac screws were verified by CT or O-arm fluoroscopy after operation. The screw placement time, fracture reduction quality, fracture healing time, and pelvic function at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:A total of 67 screws were implanted in the 47 patients, including 56 sacroiliac screws. The insertion time for each screw averaged 19.9 min (from 9 to 31 min); the angle of excessive inlet view averaged 17.38° (from 12.1° to 24.8°). Verification by O-arm fluoroscopy or CT revealed that all sacroiliac screws were located in the sacral canal without dislocation or breaking through the cortical bone. By the postoperative Matta scoring, the reduction was excellent in 22 cases, good in 17, acceptable in 6, and poor in 2, giving an excellent to good rate of 83.0%(39/47). The average follow-up time for the 47 patients was 9.5 months (from 5 to 15 months); fracture healing time averaged 10.5 weeks (from 7 to 16 weeks). By the Mejeed scoring at the last follow-up, the pelvic function was excellent in 26 cases, good in 15 and acceptable in 6, giving an excellent to good rate of 87.2% (41/47).Conclusions:Fluoroscopy in the excessive inlet view is a simple and easy intraoperative technique. It can improve accuracy and safety of sacroiliac screw placement because it allows clear identification of the posterior border of the sacrum and effectively avoids iatrogenic injury to the sacral nerve caused by screws breaking through the bone cortex.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of geriatric acetabular fractures in western China.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on data of geriatric patients with acetabular fracture hospitalized in 4 grade A hospitals in western China from 2015 to 2020. The investigation content included gender, age, incidence rate, injury mechanism, combined injuries, comorbidities, fracture types and treatment plans.Results:A total of 299 geriatric patients with acetabular fractures were included, including 203 males and 96 females, aged 60-97 years [(68.6±7.6)years]. The mean age of the patients was increased from 67.5 years to 71.1 years. The incidence rate was increased from 36 cases per year to 64 cases per year. The injury mechanism was mainly traffic accidents (42.47%), followed by falls (30.44%). Thoracic injury was the most common type of combined injuries (39.81%). Hypertension was the main comorbidity (28.76%). The most common fracture type was anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture (31.32%). Of 299 patients, 210 received surgical treatment, with the surgery rate of 70.23%.Conclusions:Geriatric acetabular fracture is characterized by gradually increased age and incidence rate, traffic accidents as the main cause of injury, thoracic injury as the main combined injury, hypertension as the main comorbidity, anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture as the main fracture type and surgery as the main treatment option.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 234-239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the classification system of sacroiliac joint dislocation with ipsilateral sacral wing fracture (SJDISWF), examine its reliability and evaluate the clinical application.Methods:A multi-center retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 20 SJDISWF patients admitted to Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University and Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019. There were 8 males and 12 females, aged from 13-58 years[(34.7±13.2)years]. Based on the direction of sacral displacement, SJDISWF was divided into 3 types. Type I: the sacroiliac joint dislocated and the ipsilateral sacral wing fracture fragment was anteriorly prolapsed; Type II: the sacroiliac joint dislocated, the ipsilateral sacral wing fracture fragment was compressed or crushed, the anterior sacral foramen may fractured; Type III: the sacroiliac joint dislocated and the ipsilateral sacral wing fracture end was inserted into the sacral canal, causing an intra-sacral canal occupation. The reliability of the classification was performed based on the assessment results of two phases in four observers at 4-week intervals. Treatments were utilized based on the types I, II, III fractures, including anterior approach for open reduction and internal fixation, closed reduction and internal fixation or posterior approach for open reduction and internal fixation respectively. Postoperative fracture healing time was recorded. Quality of fracture reduction was graded according to Matta′s criteria. Majeed functional score was recorded at postoperative 3 months, 6 months and the final follow-up. Complications were detected as well.Results:The overall Kappa value of inter-observer reliability was 0.890. The overall Kappa value of intra-observer reliability was 0.854. There were 12 patients with type I, 7 with type II and 1 with type III. All patients went through the procedure uneventfully and were followed up for 6-36 months[(20.0±8.7)months]. All patients achieved clinical healing in 8-14 weeks[(10.2±1.7)weeks]. According to the Matta′s criteria for fracture reduction, the outcome was excellent or good in 83% (10/12) for type I, 71% (5/7) for type II and 0% (0/1) for type III, with the overall excellent rate of 75%. Majeed functional score was (74.6±5.2)points at postoperative 3 months and (84.4±5.8)points at postoperative 6 months ( P<0.01). According to Majeed functional score, the outcome was excellent or good in 75% (9/12) for type I, 100% (7/7) for type II and 0% (0/1) for type III at the final follow-up, with the overall excellent rate of 80%. There were no complications such as lateral femoral cutaneous nerve or sciatic nerve injury, lower extremity deep vein thrombosis, sacroiliac joint pain, failure of internal fixation or loss of fracture reduction during the follow-up. Conclusions:The SJDISWF classification has high reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory restoration and functional recovery, indicating that the classification plays a certain role in guiding treatment selection for SJDISWF.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 59-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically analyze the effects of liberal and restrictive red blood cell transfusion strategies on mortality and neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) of extremely low birth weight infant (ELBWI).Methods:From the establishment of the databases to March 2021, randomized controlled trials on this subject published in English or Chinese from databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of science, Wanfang database, CNKI, VIP and CBM) were searched. The article selection process and data extraction were carried out by two independent investigators. RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta analysis.Results:The literature search yielded 692 pertinent articles and 4 studies were selected for meta-analysis. 3 577 ELBWI were followed up until corrected age of 22~26 months. Meta-analysis showed that restrictive and liberal transfusion thresholds had no significant effects on severe adverse outcomes (mortality+NDI) ( RR=1.01, 95% CI 0.94~1.08, Z=0.24, P=0.81), mortality rate ( RR=1.10, 95% CI 0.94~1.29, Z=1.24, P=0.22), NDI ( RR=0.98, 95% CI 0.89~1.07, Z=0.46, P=0.65) and cerebral palsy ( RR=1.21, 95% CI 0.89~1.66, Z=1.21, P=0.23) for ELBWI. Conclusions:Restricted and liberal blood transfusion have similar long-term effects on mortality and NDI of ELBWI. This may provide certain reference value guiding clinical blood transfusion in ELBWI.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 492-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and treatment of postpancreatico-duodenectomy hemorrhage(PPH).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinical data of 712 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy in Peking University First Hospital from January 2012 to November 2021 were collected. There were 392 males and 320 females, aged from 16 to 89 years, with a median age of 62 years. Observation indicators: (1) diagnosis of PPH; (2) analysis of influencing factors for PPH; (3) treatment of PPH. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability, and multivariate analysis was performed using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Diagnosis of PPH. Of the 712 patients, 72 cases had PPH and 7 cases died. The incidence of PPH was 10.11%(72/712), and PPH related mortality was 9.72%(7/72). There were 7 cases of early PPH and 65 cases of delayed PPH. There were 23 cases of mild PPH and 49 cases of severe PPH. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for PPH. Results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative serum total bilirubin (TBil), extended surgery, postoperative pancreatic fistula, postoperative biliary fistula, postoperative abdominal infection were related factors for delayed PPH ( χ2=13.17, 3.93, 87.89, 22.77, 36.13, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative serum TBil ≥171 μmol/L, postoperative grade B or C pancreatic fistula, postoperative biliary fistula, postoperative abdominal infection were independent risk factors for delayed PPH ( odds ratio=1.91, 8.10, 2.11, 2.42, 95% confidence interval as 1.09-3.33, 4.62-14.20, 1.06-4.23,1.35-4.31, P<0.05). (3) Treatment of PPH. ① Treatment of early PPH. Of the 7 cases with early PPH, 4 cases had mild PPH and 3 cases had severe PPH. The 4 cases with mild PPH were stanched by conservative treatment. The bleeding location of the 3 cases with severe PPH were the posterior wall of pancreatoenteric anastomosis, the pancreatic uncinate stump and the unintentional puncture of the jejunostomy tube of the left upper abdominal wall vessels and the 3 cases were stanched by reoperation. All the 7 cases were discharged without other complications. ② Treatment of delayed PPH. Of the 65 cases with delayed PPH, 19 cases had mild PPH and 46 cases had severe PPH. Of the 19 cases with mild PPH, 18 cases were stanched by conservative treatment including 2 cases died of pancreatic fistula and abdominal infection, 1 case were stanched by endoscope therapy. Of the 46 cases with severe PPH, 18 cases with stable vital signs and slow bleeding were stanched by conservative treatment including 1 case died of infectious toxic shock and the other 28 cases underwent invasive treatment, including 2 cases undergoing gastroscopy, 20 cases undergoing interventional treatment and 6 cases under-going reoperation as the initial treatment. Of the 22 cases taking endoscope or interventional treatment as the initial treatment, 5 cases underwent rebleeding and 2 cases died, with the reblee-ding rate and mortality as 22.7%(5/22) and 9.1%(2/22), respectively. Of the 6 cases taking reopera-tion as the initial treatment, 3 cases underwent rebleeding and 2 cases died, with the rebleeding rate and mortality as 3/6 and 2/6, respectively. There was no significant difference in the rebleeding rate and mortality in patients taking endoscope or interventional treatment as the initial treatment and patients taking reoperation as the initial treatment ( P>0.05). Of the 28 cases undergoing invasive treatment, 10 cases underwent secondary surgical treatment, including 6 cases taking reoperation and 4 cases taking interventional treatment as the initial treatment for hemorrhage, and 4 cases died with the mortality as 4/10, and the other 18 cases who did not receive secondary surgical treatment survived. There was a significant difference in the mortality between patients with or without secondary surgical treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative serum TBil ≥171 μmol/L, post-operative grade B or C pancreatic fistula, postoperative biliary fistula, postoperative abdominal infection are independent risk factors for delayed PPH. Surgical treatment should be performed decisively for early severe PPH. For delayed severe PPH patients who undergoing conservative treat-ment without effect, endoscope therapy and interventional treatment should be the first choice, and surgical treatment should be performed if those above procedures not working.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 213-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in treatment of high-risk multiple myeloma (MM) patients and its influencing factors of the prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 44 high-risk MM patients treated with allo-HSCT in Changzheng Hospital Affiliated of Naval Military Medical University from April 2003 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall response rate (ORR), relapse rate, non-relapse-related death (NRM) rate, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) incidence of patients were also analyzed. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the overall survival (OS) rate and progression-free survival (PFS) rate after transplantation. Cox proportional hazard model was used to make regression analysis of the factors affecting the prognosis.Results:Among 44 patients, 38 cases could be evaluated for efficacy after transplantation. The median follow-up time was 111 months (0-216) months, 22 cases survived, 22 cases died, 21 cases relapsed. Before transplantation, complete remission (CR) rate was 29.5%(13/44), very good partial remission(VGPR) rate was 45.5%(20/44), partial remission (PR) rate was 22.7% (10/44), stable disease (SD) rate was 2.3% (1/44); After transplantation, CR rate was 71.7%(27/38), VGPR rate was 13.2% (5/38), PR rate was 13.2% (5/38), the progression of the disease (PD) rate 2.6% (1/38). The 5-year OS rate and PFS rate was 51.8% and 47.8%, the 10-year OS rate and PFS rate was 51.3% and 43.1%, respectively; the 5-year and 10-year cumulative disease relapse rate was 38.6% and 45.4%, the 5-year cumulative NRM rate was 25.0%. Acute GVHD rate was 38.6% (17/44) and grade 3-4 acute GVHD rate was 6.8% (3/44); chronic GVHD rate was 27.3% (12/44). Cox univariate and multivariate analysis showed that the use of bortezomib before transplantation ( HR = 3.461, 95% CI 1.211-9.880, P = 0.020) and post-transplant infection ( HR = 0.283, 95% CI 0.098-0.819, P = 0.020) were independent factors affecting OS after transplantation. Conclusions:Allo-HSCT can overcome the high-risk factors of MM and is worth to try for high-risk MM patients. The use of bortezomib before transplantation and post-transplant infection can be important factors affecting OS after transplantation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 871-875, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958155

ABSTRACT

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can directly measure the oxygenation of organs and tissues and is superior to percutaneous oxygen saturation monitoring technology, which only reflects the oxygen partial pressure in blood and oxygen saturation in acral arterioles. This review summarizes the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of NIRS in identifying fetal conditions by monitoring placental oxygenation, evaluating adverse pregnancy outcomes caused by hypoxia during the fetus-to-neonate transition, providing precise guidance on resuscitation, and optimizing early postnatal respiratory and circulatory support.

18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 479-484, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936237

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the sensitization characteristics of Juniperus chinensis pollen in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or allergic asthma in Beijing area, and to explore the characteristics of Juniper chinensis pollen sensitized population. Methods: Patients with suspected allergic rhinitis and/or asthma from January 2017 to December 2019 in the outpatient department of Allergy Department of Beijing Shijitan Hospital were selected in this study. Skin prick test (SPT) was performed with Juniper chinensis pollen allergen reagent to compare different age and disease allergen distribution, and to observe the sensitization characteristics of its population. All of the analyses were performed using SAS software version 9.4. Results: A total of 8 380 patients were enrolled in the end. The total positive rate of Juniper chinensis pollen SPT reached 49.92% (4 183/8 380). The positive rate of Juniper chinensis pollen SPT was highest in the 10-14 age group, reaching 60.99% (283/464). Compared with other age groups, there was a statistical difference (χ²=266.77, P<0.01). The SPT positive rate of patients aged less than 10 years increased with the increase of age, while the SPT positive rate of patients aged over 40 years decreased with the increase of age. Single Juniper chinensis pollen was less allergenic, accounting for about 25.05% (1 048/4 183), and the patients' age was (35.21±12.39) years. Regardless of single Juniper chinensis pollen or other pollen allergies, allergic rhinitis was the main disease. Among the patients with SPT positive Juniper chinensis pollen combined with other inhaled pollen allergens, willow pollen accounted for the first (74.99%). The positive rate of Juniper chinensis pollen was the highest in patients with single allergic rhinitis, accounting for 52.05% (3 797/7 295), and the rate in patients with single allergic asthma was the lowest, accounting for 17.49% (53/303), with statistically difference (χ²=138.99, P<0.01). Conclusions: Juniper chinensis pollen is highly sensitized in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or allergic asthma in Beijing . The positive rate of SPT is highest among 10-14 age group, most of which showed strong positive reaction, and allergic rhinitis is more common in Juniper chinensis pollen sensitization diseases.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Humans , Allergens , Asthma , Juniperus , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic , Skin Tests
19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 815-822, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TiRobot combined with O-arm assisted closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation in unstable pelvic fracture surgery.Methods:Twelve patients with unstable pelvic fractures, 7 males and 5 females, aged 39.41±12.56 years (range 25-60 years), admitted from January 2020 to January 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. The duration between injury and surgery was 9.67±5.81 d (range 4-24 d). The following are the causes of injury, namely traffic injury in 6 cases, fall from height injury in 4 cases, crush injury in 2 cases. Tile type of pelvic fractures were 3 cases of type B (2 cases of type B2, 1 case of type B3), 9 cases of type C (4 cases of type C1, 3 cases of type C2, 2 cases of type C3). Sacral fractures with Denis division were 5 cases of zone I, 7 cases of zone II. Seven patients were repositioned by intraoperative traction on the injured side of the limb and maintained by fixation with a Starr frame. Two cases were repositioned by intraoperative longitudinal bone traction on each lower limb for fracture displacement. The other 3 B-type fractures were repositioned by inserting Schanz nails into the anterior inferior iliac spine bilaterally. Then, the fractures were maintained with external pelvic fixators. The fractures were assessed by O-arm fluoroscopy. Hollow screws were placed with the aid of orthopedic robotic guidance, and the screw positions were verified by O-arm fluoroscopy again after the nail placement. The duration of each screw placement and operation were recorded. The quality of fracture repositioning, hip function and postoperative complications were observed at the follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 8.17±1.99 months (range, 6-12 months). There were 27 screws inserted in 12 patients, with a single screw insertion duration of 19.9±1.8 min (range, 9-31 min). In all patients, one O-arm fluoroscopy was performed in each row after closed reduction and after completion of nail placement. The operative duration was 257.78±80.63 min (range, 160-450 min). The O-arm fluoroscopy after nail placement verified that 23 screws were placed in a satisfactory position at one time, with satisfactory rate of 85% (23/27) for the first nail placement. Two patients with preoperative grade II sacral plexus nerve injury recovered to grade I in one case and grade II in one case. However, the numbness was reduced after operation. No further aggravation of nerve injury occurred after surgery. The quality of fracture repositioning was evaluated according to the Matta score, including excellent in 9 cases, good in 2 cases, and acceptable in 1 case, with an excellent rate of 92% (11/12). At the last follow-up, the Majeed pelvic fracture quantitative assessment system scored 85.75±5.82 (range, 74-96). There were 8 cases in excellent and 4 cases in good. Twelve patients had one-stage wound healing. No complications, such as incision infection, nerve injury, loosening and breaking of the internal fixation occurred during the follow-up.Conclusion:TiRobot combined with O-arm assisted closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation for unstable pelvic fractures has some advantages, including safety, precision, convenient nail placement, and less fluoroscopic radiation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 874-878, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of a medial support plate and a row of screws in the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 26 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle from December 2015 to December 2020. There were 17 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 51 years (average, 36.1 years). All their fracture lines involved the postero-lateral condyle and all fractures were fixated with a medial support plate and a row of screws via one medial and one lateral incisions. Recorded were the operation time, hospital stay, blood loss, incision length, fracture healing, complications, quality of knee joint reduction and knee joint function at the last follow-up.Results:The length of hospital stay ranged from 8 to 16 days, averaging 10.4 days. The 26 patients were followed up for 8 to 18 months, with an average of 14.3 months. All the fractures got united after 11 to 17 weeks (average, 13.7 weeks). During the follow-up, no reduction loss, internal fixation failure or surgical complications were observed. Rasmussen radiographic scores at the last follow-up ranged from 11 to 18 points, averaging 16.1 points. The range of motion of the knee joint ranged from 0° to 140°, averaging 120.8°. The Rasmussen scores of the knee function ranged from 14 to 28 points, averaging 24.4 points.Conclusion:In the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle, the use of a medial support plate and a row of screws can achieve satisfactory clinical results.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL