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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between location of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and incidence of pulmonary embolism in patients with lower extremity fracture during hospitalization.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 1,620 patients who had been treated for lower extremity fracture and deep vein thrombosis from October 2014 to November 2019 at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital. They were 726 males and 894 females, aged from 18 to 98 years (average, 64.0 years). By the anatomical location of thrombosis, they were divided into a proximal thrombosis group and a distal thrombosis group; by the laterality of thrombosis, they were divided into a bilateral thrombosis group and a unilateral thrombosis group which was further divided into a left thrombosis subgroup and a right thrombosis subgroup. The incidences of pulmonary embolism were compared between 2 corresponding groups and subgroups.Results:Pulmonary embolism occurred in 13 of the 1,400 patients with distal thrombosis and in 12 of the 220 patients with proximal thrombosis; the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the proximal thrombosis group (5.45%, 12/220) was significantly higher than that in the distal thrombosis group (0.93%, 13/1,400) ( P<0.001). Pulmonary embolism occurred in 10 of the 337 patients with bilateral thrombosis and in 15 of the 1,283 patients with unilateral thrombosis; the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the bilateral thrombosis subgroup (2.97%, 10/337) was significantly higher than that in the unilateral thrombosis group (1.17%, 15/1,283) ( P=0.017). Pulmonary embolism occurred in 5 of the 677 patients with left thrombosis and in 10 of the 606 patients with right thrombosis; the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the right thrombosis subgroup (1.65%, 10/606) was insignificantly higher than that in the left thrombosis subgroup (0.74%, 5/677) ( P=0.129). Conclusions:In patients with lower extremity fracture, those with proximal or bilateral thrombosis are more prone to pulmonary embolism than those with distal or unilateral thrombosis, but the possibility of pulmonary embolism cannot be ignored clinically in those with distal or unilateral thrombosis.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E903-E909, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920701

ABSTRACT

Objective To seperate fetal nucleated red blood cells (fNRBCs) from the whole maternal peripheral blood effectively by designing a circular channel microfluidic chip. Methods A microfluidic chip is designed by utilizing the margination in blood flow and the specific adhesion characteristics of immuno-agent anti-CD147. With the whole umbilical cord blood, the effects of different shear forces on the enrichment of fNRBCs was studied by immunofluorescence counting. Results Increasing shear rate in microfluidic chip could improve the number of captured fNRBCs compared with the static adhesion. With the increase of shear rate of blood flow, the number of the captured cells increased at first, and then decreased. Conclusions The use of microfluid chip can effectively seperate fNRBCs from the whole blood. The results provide an experimental reference for the non-invasive prenatal diagnosis research and the exploration on the mechanism of fetal cell migration.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1434-1442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of weight-bearing area compression injury of the femoral head on the prognosis of elderly acetabular fractures after open reduction and internal fixation.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 36 elderly patients with acetabular fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation during January 2014 to January 2018 were conducted. All patients with compression injury of the weight-bearing area of the femoral head, including 22 males and 14 females with 73.2±6.5 years old (range 60-87 years old), were included. The compression injury of weight-bearing area of the femoral head was not treated. According to the Letournel-Judet classification of acetabular fractures, there were 14 cases with both-column, 12 cases with anterior column and posterior hemitransverse, 4 cases with T type, 4 cases with transverse, and 2 cases with posterior column+ posterior wall. A total of 14 cases were accompanied by acetabular joint surface compression, while 29 cases were accompanied by joint dislocation. The Merle d'Aubigné score was used to evaluate the hip function during follow-up. The Matta classification method was used to evaluate the results of acetabular fracture reduction. The Kellgren-Lawrence classification standard and Ficat-Alert staging method were used to evaluate the traumatic arthritis of the hip and femoral head necrosis, respectively. During the follow-up, the femoral head necrosis with stage III, IV, or traumatic arthritis III, IV, or with indications for joint replacement was defined as surgery failure. CT scans of the pelvis were performed before and at 2-5 days after operation. The compression size of the femoral head on the coronal and axial planes of the CT scan was calculated for the compression volume. The compression severity was divided into small (<1 cm 3), medium (1-2 cm 3) and large (>2 cm 3) according to the volume. Binary Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze whether the postoperative measurement of the femoral head compression volume was associated with the risk of surgical failure. Results:All patients were followed up for 34.7±8.9 months (range 25-54 months). There were 7 cases with large compression of femoral head, 14 cases with medium, and 15 cases with small pre-operatively. However, there were 12 cases, 10 cases and 14 cases with large, medium and small at 2-5 days after operation, respectively. Six cases were excellent reduction, 22 cases were good, and 8 cases were poor. Thus, the excellent and good rate was 78% (28/36). At the last follow-up, Merle d'Aubigné score was excellent in 2 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 5 cases, and poor in 21 cases. The excellent and good rate was 28% (10/36). There were 20 cases with surgery failure with 56% (20/36) failure rate. There were no statistically significant differences in the patient's age, body mass index, operation duration, blood volume, fracture type, fracture reduction, combined acetabular joint surface compression, and combined joint dislocation between the two groups. However, there was a statistically significant difference in the frequency distribution of compression volume in the weight-bearing area of the femoral head after surgery (χ 2=22.047, P<0.001). In patients with large, medium, and small-volume compression of the femoral head weight-bearing area, the surgery failure rates were 92%, 80%, and 7%, respectively. The large and medium-volume compression of the femoral head weight-bearing area were independent risk factors for surgical failure. Conclusion:Open reduction and internal fixation can be used to treat elderly patients with acetabular fractures combined with femoral head compression injury. Despite satisfactory reduction for acetabular fractures, the larger volume of femoral head compression affects the clinical outcomes with extremely high rate of surgical failure within 2 years.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the conventional percutaneous minimally invasive plate fixation sparing pronator quadratus versus the 3-point positioning percutaneous minimally invasive palmar locking plate fixation sparing pronator quadratus for distal radial fractures.Methods:Between January 2015 and December 2017, 50 patients with distal radius fracture were treated surgically at Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Hospital of Fuzhou by percutaneous minimally invasive plate fixation sparing pronator quadratus. They were 24 males and 26 females, aged from 21 to 71 years. Conventional percutaneous minimally invasive plate fixation was conducted for 25 patients and 3-point positioning minimally invasive plate fixation for the other 25 patients. The 2 groups were compared in terms of fluoroscopic adjustments of the plate under the pronator quadratus, fracture healing time, visual analogue scale (VAS) on days 1, 3 and 7 postoperation, and wrist flexion and extension, forearm rotation and upper limb function by Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand(DASH) scores and Gartland-Werley scores at 3 months postoperation.Results:There was no significant difference in the general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). The fluoroscopic adjustments of the plate under the pronator quadratus for the conventional group (3.4±0.5) were significantly more than for the 3-point positioning group (1.1±0.3) ( P<0.05). The VAS scores on days 1, 3 and 7 postoperation for the conventional group were significantly higher than for the 3-point positioning group ( P<0.05). At 3 months postoperation, the wrist pronation was respectively 76.6°±1.9° and 82.3°±2.0°, and the Gartland-Werley scores were respectively 3.4±0.5 and 1.9±0.2 for the conventional and 3-point positioning groups, showing significant differences between the 2 groups ( P< 0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of distal radial fractures, compared with conventional percutaneous minimally invasive plate fixation, the 3-point positioning minimally invasive plate fixation sparing pronator quadratus may minimize the damage to the pronator quadratus, be more minimally invasive, and lead to less early postoperative pain and faster functional recovery.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the predictive values between 4 risk assessment scales for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with pelvic or acetabular fracture.Methods:The clinical data of 235 patients with pelvic or acetabular fracture were retrospectively analyzed who had been admitted to Xi'an Honghui Hospital from July 2014 to July 2018. They were 168 males and 67 females, aged from 18 to 90 years (average, 43.5 years). They were divided into a DVT group and a DVT-free group according to the results of vein ultrasongraphy. The RAPT, Caprini, Wells, and Autar scales were used respectively to assess the risk of DVT in the patients. The 2 groups were compared in terms of the scores of the 4 scales. After the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated, the predictive values of the 4 scales were evaluated for lower limb DVT in the patients with pelvic or acetabular fracture.Results:Of the 235 patients, 104 (44.3%) had DVT. There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The DVT group scored significantly higher in RAPT, Wells and Autar scales than the DVT-free group( P<0.05). The AUCs for the RAPT, Caprini, Wells, and Autar scales were respectively 0.84±0.02, 0.65±0.05, 0.81±0.02 and 0.72±0.03, showing significant differences ( F=1.254, P=0.031). The AUCs for RAPT and Wells scales were significantly higher than those for Caprini and Autar scales, and the AUS for Autar scale was significant higher than that for Caprini ( P<0.05). The sensibilities for RAPT, Caprini, Wells and Autar scales were respectively 94.0%, 65.0%, 90.6% and 84.0% while the specificities for them 62.1%, 51.8%, 67.2% and 32.5%. Conclusion:Although all the 4 scales have a certain predictive value for the DVT risk in patients with pelvic or acetabular fracture, RAPT and Wells scales are more valuable.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 251-258, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of pre- and post-operative lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in hospitalized patients with intertrochanteric fractures and to analyze the relevant risk factors.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the data of 218 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Xi'an Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from July 2015 to October 2017, including 85 males and 133 females. There were 85 males and 133 females, aged 32-102 years [(76.0±11.9)years]. Of the patients, 213 had open reduction and internal fixation, 4 partial hip arthroplasty, and 1 external fixation. All patients underwent deep venous ultrasound of the lower extremities before and after surgery to determine the occurrence of DVT. DVT of the lower extremities was divided into distal thrombosis, proximal thrombosis and mixed thrombosis. According to the preoperative and postoperative ultrasonography results, the patients were divided into thrombosis group [82 patients (37.6%) before operation, 128 patients (58.7%) after operation] and non-thrombosis group [136 patients (62.4%) before operation, 90 patients (41.3%) after operation]. Location of DVT were recorded before and after operation and outcome was evaluated. All patients were assessed for risk factors associated with thrombosis, including general patient data, time of surgery, tourniquet time, blood transfusion, blood loss, fluid volume, drainage, and serological markers. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used for detecting the risk factors.Results:The DVT rate was 37.6% preoperatively and increased to 58.7% postoperatively. The type of thrombosis was mainly distal DVT, which accounted for 86.6% and 90.6% of DVT before and after surgery, respectively. After the operation, 2.8% of the distal DVT extended above the popliteal vein. A total of 23.4% of the patients had no thrombosis before surgery, and distal, proximal, or mixed DVT occurred after surgery (22.0%, 0.5% and 0.9%, respectively). No fatal pulmonary embolism occurred. The univariate analysis showed no statistical differences between the preoperative thrombosis group and non-thrombosis group in terms of age, gender, fracture side, combined diseases, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, admission D-dimer, and admission C-reactive protein (CRP) ( P>0.05), but the time from fracture to hospitalization and the time from fracture to surgery were significantly different between the two groups ( P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between the postoperative thrombosis group and the postoperative non-thrombosis group in age, gender, fracture side, combined diseases, body mass index, length of stay, ASA classification, surgical method, operation time, blood transfusion, blood loss, infusion volume, drainage volume, D-dimer on admission, and CRP on admission ( P>0.05), but the time from fracture to admission, time from fracture to surgery, D-dimer before surgery, D-dimer at day 1 after surgery, D-dimer at day 5 after surgery, and CRP at day 5 after surgery showed significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis results showed the time from fracture to hospitalization ( OR=1.109, 95% CI 1.003-1.225, P<0.05) and the time from fracture to surgery ( OR=1.090, 95% CI 1.007-1.180, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for preoperative DVT. The time from fracture to hospital ( OR=1.137, 95% CI 1.002-1.290, P<0.05) and 1 day postoperative D-dimer ( OR=1.087, 95% CI 1.033-1.142, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for postoperative DVT. Conclusions:For intertrochanteric fractures, distal DVT is the main type of thrombosis. Time from fracture to hospitalization is an independent risk factor of DVT before and after operation, and time from fracture to operation is an independent risk factor of DVT before operation. Early intervention (early admission and early surgery) may reduce the incidence of DVT.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 365-368, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of Maixuekang Capsule on the treatment outcome of coronary heart disease (CHD) by propensity score.Methods:Based on the electronic medical record database of 22 large-scale tertiary hospitals nationwide, this study matched the coronary heart disease patients using and not using Maixuekang capsule according to a certain standard (1∶1). After matching, there were 2 464 cases in the patients group (group A) and the patients group (group B). In the database, the recombination of " recovery" and " improvement" is defined as effective treatment, and " invalid" , " death" and " other" are combined as ineffective treatment population. The effectiveness of the two groups after the re combination is compared by propensity score.Results:The results of χ 2 test showed that the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05) without controlling the confounding factors, and the treatment effect of group A was better than that of group B. In order to further observe the difference between the two groups, three logistic regression analysis methods were used to analyze, which showed that the regression coefficient was >0, and there was statistical significance ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The therapeutic effect of Maixuekang capsule on coronary heart disease is higher than that of patients without the drug.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 970-975, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review the effect of Tongfu Xiefei method on prognosis and respiratory mechanics parameters in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCT) of Tongfu Xiefei method for ARDS published on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang database from January 1st 2001 to June 30th 2019 were searched. Conventional treatment for ARDS that included mechanical ventilation, prone ventilation, anti-infection, organ function maintenance and nutritional therapy were used in the control group. While the Tongfu Xiefei method was applied in the experimental group based on the conventional treatment. The main outcome was in-hospital mortality, and the secondary outcomes included mechanic ventilation time, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and respiratory mechanics parameters. Two researchers independently searched the literature, collected data and assessed the risk of bias. The bias risk assessment was completed by RevMan 5.3 software. The Meta-analysis was completed by R software. The potential publication bias of main outcome was evaluation.Results:A total of 27 RCTs were included. There were 1 763 patients, including 899 in the experimental group and 864 in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that, compared with the control group, the in-hospital mortality of the experimental group significantly decreased [relative risk ( RR) = 0.46, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.36 to 0.59, P < 0.000 1], the mechanic ventilation time and the length of ICU stay were significantly shortened [mechanical ventilation time: standard mean difference ( SMD) = -1.92, 95% CI was -2.56 to -1.29, P < 0.000 1; length of ICU stay: SMD = -1.84, 95% CI was -2.49 to -1.18, P < 0.000 1], oxygenation index was significantly improved ( SMD = 2.26, 95% CI was 1.56 to 2.96, P < 0.000 1), airway peak pressure, airway platform pressure, mean airway pressure and airway resistance significantly decreased (airway peak pressure: SMD = -1.26, 95% CI was -2.35 to -0.18, P = 0.021 8; airway platform pressure: SMD = -0.61, 95% CI was -1.08 to -0.14, P = 0.010 7; mean airway pressure: SMD = - 1.67, 95% CI was - 2.93 to -0.42, P = 0.009 1; airway resistance: SMD = -0.88, 95% CI was -1.09 to -0.67, P < 0.000 1), while lung compliance increased ( SMD = 1.57, 95% CI was 0.78 to 2.36, P < 0.000 1). The results of publication bias assessment showed that there was no potential publication bias ( P = 0.499). Conclusion:Tongfu Xiefei method is capable of reducing the in-hospital mortality, shortening the mechanical ventilation time and the length of ICU stay, and improving respiratory mechanics parameters for patients with ARDS.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828718

ABSTRACT

This article reports the clinical and genetic features of two cases of cerebral creatine deficiency syndrome I (CCDSI) caused by SLC6A8 gene mutations. Both children were boys. Boy 1 (aged 2 years and 10 months) and Boy 2 (aged 8 years and 11 months) had the clinical manifestations of delayed mental and motor development, and convulsion. Their older brothers had the same symptoms. The mother of the boy 1 had mild intellectual disability. The genetic analysis showed two novel homozygous mutations, c.200G>A(p.Gly67Asp) and c.626_627delCT(p.Pro209Argfs*87), in the SLC6A8 gene on the X chromosome, both of which came from their mothers. These two novel mutations were rated as possible pathogenic mutations and were not reported in the literature before. This study expands the mutation spectrum of the SLC6A8 gene and has great significance in the diagnosis of boys with delayed development, and epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Creatine , Epilepsy , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Plasma Membrane Neurotransmitter Transport Proteins , Genetics , Syndrome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828444

ABSTRACT

Kidney malignant tumor is a type of primary renal cell carcinoma, and mainly refers to renal cancer. The incidence of kidney cancer and the number of hospital cases in China have been increasing. Based on the clinical medicine information of patients in the hospital information system(HIS) database of 37 hospitals in China, the combined medication of patients with kidney malignant tumor were analyzed by Tabu search algorithm, so as to analyze the combined medication of patients with kidney malignant tumor in real world. A total of 7 095 patients with kidney malignant tumor were included, the ratio of males to females was 2.11∶1, and the ratio of male patients increased gradually with age. About 3 933 patients(55.43%) showed a superior effect among those patients. The common therapies of patients with kidney malignant tumor were anti-tumor therapies and symptomatic therapies, including anti-infection, regulation of electrolyte balance, sedation and analgesia, analgesic, regulation of gastrointestinal function. The whole population of patients with kidney malignant tumor were mostly treated with anti-tumor drugs combined with more symptomatic therapies, while the anti-tumor therapies of the superiority population of patients were less combined with other drugs, with less combined medication. The result may be related to the stage of tumor or individual response to the therapeutic regimen. No matter for the whole population or for the superiority population of patients with kidney malignant tumor, the therapies was mainly Western medicines. Based on the pathogenesis of deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality with kidney malignant tumor, Chinese subgroups with formula for clearing heat and removing toxicity, formula for vigorate Qi and replenish the blood, formula for regulate Qi and invigorate the blood, laxative and hemostatic were more commonly used. In the future, further studies shall be conducted for combined therapies for patients of different stages, so as to play the advantages of multi-target, overall regulation, toxicity reduction and efficacy enhancement of traditional Chinese medicine, improve the life quality of patients with kidney malignant tumor, prolong their life time, and improve the survival rate of patients.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828443

ABSTRACT

In this study, the clinical characteristics and drug combination rules of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection in the treatment of patients with cerebral infarction were analyzed. The inpatient information of 2 857 patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection in HIS database of 20 grade Ⅲ class A hospitals in China was collected, and a model was established by description analysis and Apriori algorithm, in order to explore the clinical characteristics and drug combination rules of Danshen Chuan-xiongqin Injection in the treatment of cerebral infarction. The results showed that among patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection, 1 727 patients were older than 65 years old, accounting for 69.61%, and 1 610 were males, accounting for 63.59%. Commonly used drugs included lipid-lowering agents, anticoagulant thrombolytic agents, antiplatelet agents, stimulants of brain metabolism, vasodilators and other Western drugs, as well as traditional Chinese medicines, such as blood-activating agents, heat-clearing agents and expectorant agents. The Western medicine with the highest use frequency in combination with Danshen Chuan-xiongqin Injection was aspirin enteric-coated tablets(1 528 cases, 53.48%). The traditional Chinese medicine with the highest use frequency in combination with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection was Xingnaojing Injection, with a total of 378 cases, accounting for 13.23%. Among them, the most commonly used Western drugs combined with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection were anticoagulant thrombolytic and antiplatelet drugs, with a usage rate as high as 83.48%. In order to further explore the drug combination rules of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection, the association analysis of drug combination in patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection was carried out. In clinical combination of two Western drugs, Atorvastatin Calcium Capsules+Cerebral Proteolytic Injection were the most common combination, with a support of 27.10%. In clinical combination with 3 Western drugs, Clopidogrel Bisulfate Tablets+Atorvastatin Calcium Capsules+Cerebral Proteolytic Injection were most commonly used, with a support of 15.90%. The results showed that the patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection were mainly elderly males, and often complicated with hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes and other basic diseases. The clinical application of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection was principally in line with the guidelines. In the treatment of cerebral infarction, it was often combined with Western medicine anticoagulant thrombolysis, antiplatelet drugs, traditional Chinese medicine blood-activating and stasis-dissolving prescription and other drugs with similar pharmacological effects, with an auxiliary therapeutic effect on patients of cerebral infarction complicated with other diseases, and can provide guidance for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aspirin , Cerebral Infarction , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Salvia miltiorrhiza
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828419

ABSTRACT

To explore the real world clinical application characteristics and the drug combination regularity of Ciwujia Injection, 12 554 cases of patients with Ciwujia Injection were extracted from the information systems of 24 class Ⅲ grade A hospitals in China, and a standardized analysis was carried out. Most of the patients were middle-aged and old-aged, and the main departments were cardiovascular department(22.50%) and neurology department(17.92%). Before 2008, 93.77% of the patients were single overdose users, which reduced to only 2.07% after 2011. The course of treatment was mostly between 8-14 days(32.98%). The top three di-seases diagnosed by Western medicine were hypertension(11.78%), cerebral infarction(9.47%), and coronary heart disease(8.15%), and the most common traditional Chinese medicine syndrome was the deficiency of liver and kidney(18.59%). The most commonly used Western medicine was Acetylsalicylic Acid(51.07%), and the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicine was Danshen Injection(9.67%). The most commonly used Western medicine in combined application was calcium channel blocker(46.88%), and the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicine in combined application was stasis removing agent(93.21%). And the drug combination with the highest support was Isosorbide Mononitrate + Acetylsalicylic Acide, with a high recovery rate after discharge(96.81%). The results showed that Ciwujia Injection had certain regularity. It considered underlying concurrent diseases, anticoagulation and blood circulation, with a wide range of effects in strengthening the body and regulating the mind. The results could expand the understanding of Ciwujia Injection and provide a more detailed real world basis and reference for optimizing therapeutic regimen in clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aspirin , China , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Eleutherococcus , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828417

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinincal application characteristics of Xiyanping Injection in real world. The data of the patients came from the hospital information systerm(HIS) of 29 tertiary hospitals in China from 2006 to 2016. It included three parts about basic information, Western medicine diagnosis information, and doctor advice information. The exploration was conducted for the characteristics of the patients and disease distribution as well as the therapeutic regimen. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the models, and Clementing 12.0 was used for a correlation analysis of the comprehensive therapeutic regimen of Xiyanping Injection. There were 194 873 cases in the study. The male to female ratio was 1.44∶1. The median age was 4 years old. The median daily dosage was 200 mg. 46.68% of the patients were administered with 250-500 mg, and 33.07% were 50-100 mg one day. 47.08% of the patients were administered for 4-7 d, and 32.65% of the patients were 1-3 d. In the doctor advice information, the most frequently types of Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine were mucilagin, heat-clearing agent. Second generation cephalosporins, third generation cephalosporins, compound penicillin were the most common types of antibiotic. Interferon, nucleoside and nucleotide, human immunoglobulin were the most common types of antiviral drug. The mining association rules results were analyzed, finding the application of Xiyanping Injection in severe infectious diseases. To improve respiratory symptoms, Xiyanping Injection treaments were Budesonide + Ipratropium Bromide + Ambroxol. To severe pulmonary infection, the treaments were Dopamine + Ambroxine. To severe hand, foot and mouth disease, the treatments were Namefen + Mannitol. To pulmonary heart failure, the treatments were Dobutamine + Heparin. Based on the results of the real world HIS, we could provide clinical application the idea, and a reference for further excavation of the applicable diseases of Xiyanping Injection.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Injections , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828416

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical characteristics and the rule of administration of Ciwujia Injection in patients with cardiovascular disease by correlation analysis and frequency analysis. The information of 5 904 patients who used Ciwujia Injection to treat cardiovascular disease for at least three times in the hospital information system(HIS) of 19 comprehensive tertiary hospitals nationwide. The frequency analysis method was used to analyze the higher frequency variables, and the algorithm of Apriori correlation analysis method was used to analyze the clinical characteristics and medication laws of Ciwujia Injection in treating patients with cardiovascular disease. Among the 5 904 patients, the median age of the patients was 70 years, and the number of patients between 65-75 years old was up to 2 096(35.5%). There were more women than men in terms of diagnosis and treatment, and the women at age of 45-65 and 65-75 years old were more than men. The top three diagnoses by Western medicine were coronary heart disease in 8 104 cases(65.66%), dyslipidemia in 2 515 cases(20.38%), and cardiac function grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ in 581 cases(4.71%), while the largest number of syndromes in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) at discharge was 1 109(21.37%) in other type, followed by 739 cases(14.24%) of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, and 698(13.46%) of liver and kidney Yin deficiency syndrome. The most frequently used Western medicine in combined use was Nifedipine in 2 567 cases(7.21%), and most frequently used TCM was Compound Xianzhuli Liquid leachate in 766 cases(3.53%). From the results of pharmacological analysis, the frequency of using Ciwujia Injection + stasi-seliminating agent + calcium channel blocking drugs was highest when using 1 Chinese medicine combined with 1 or 2 Western medicines. In the use of 2 Chinese medicines combined with 1 Western medicine, Ciwujia Injection + heat-clearing agent + stasis-eliminating agent + calcium channel blocker was the most common. This study demonstrated that Ciwujia Injection was more common in middle-aged and elderly patients and more in women than men. Treatment should be based on different cardiovascular disease treatment guidelines to reduce complications caused by underlying diseases, and attention should be paid to the prevention and treatment of cardio-vascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and abnormal lipid metabolism. According to the analysis of frequency distribution and association rules, it was concluded that Ciwujia Injection was mainly used in combination with calcium channel blockers and stasis-eliminating agents in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. In the treatment of cardiovascular diseases by Ciwujia Injection in combination with other Chinese and Western medicines, in order to avoid pharmacological changes and avoid affecting the efficacy of the drug, it is necessary to closely observe whether adverse reactions occur and ensure that the medication is safe and effective. This study provides a good reference for the follow-up clinical guidance of Ciwujia Injection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Eleutherococcus , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Yin Deficiency
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865821

ABSTRACT

Based on the current situation of pediatric surgery practice teaching in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 10 mind maps of common clinical diseases made by Imindmap 11 were applied to the practice teaching and teaching assessment through WeChat public platform. Mind map not only revealed the relationship between related disciplines and reappeared the clinical thinking process, but also greatly improved the enthusiasm and efficiency of interns' learning, and trained their innovative spirit and practical ability. At the same time, as a formative evaluation method, mind map facilitates teachers to evaluate and improves teaching activities. What’s more, it effectively improves the quality of teaching, and is worth promoting in clinical teaching.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride injection on coronary heart disease in real world.Methods:Took the patients data with coronary heart disease of 24 tertiary-class A hospitals’ information system from October 2006 to December 2015 as the research targets. The patients injected by Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride injection were selected as the observation group, and who were not injected were selected as the control group with ratio of 1:1, the same number on gender, similar age (+5 years difference) and similar condition upon hospitalization. Taking medication efficacy as the outcome evaluation index, the 30 confounding factors in this study were controlled by propensity scores, including hospital admission, co-morbidity, co-medication, occupation, cost category, and total hospitalization costs. Comparative analysis of the effect of Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride injection on the clinical outcome of coronary heart disease by classical logistic regression and logistic regression weighted by propensity score.Results:30 confounding factors were identified and balanced, and 7 confounding factors were most affected factors that included clopidogrel bisulfate tablets, occupation, inosine tablets, levocarnidine injection, cerebroprotein hydrolysate injection, nitroglycerin and insulin. Both methods of logistic regression demonstrated that patients receiving parenterally administered Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride injection had improved outcomes compared to those who did not receive the drug ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The study suggestes that the Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Ligustrazine Hydrochloride injection is a potential advantageous therapy in the treatment of coronary heart disease. However, a large amount of unknown confounding variable should be taken into account. Consider this research is a retrospective study, and the results need to be further verified by prospective studies.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the separate detection and combined detection of plasmin 9 (SEPT9), interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4), branched-chain amino acid transaminase 1 (BCAT1) and Ikaros family zinc finger protein 1 (IKZF1) gene methylation in blood samplesin clinical diagnosis of colorectal cancer.Methods:105 patients with colorectal cancer who received surgical treatment in the Department of Colorectal Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from February 2015 to May 2018 were selected as the case group. At the same time, 105 healthy subjects with similar age range and sex ratio were selected as the control group.The blood samples and clinical information of the study subjects were collected,and methylation-specific PCR was used to detect the methyl groups of SEPT9, IRF4, BCAT1 and IKZF1 genes in blood samples. The correlation between single gene and combined gene methylation level and clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer was analyzed.Results:The positive rates of SEPT9, IRF4, BCAT1 and IKZF1 single gene methylation in blood samples of the case group respectively were 67% (70/105), 44% (46/105), 45% (47/105) and 46% (48/105), which were higher than those of the control group (0), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.001). The positive rate of the combined detection of the above four gene methylation in blood samples of the case group was 76%, which was higher than that of the single gene methylation detection. The single gene methylation of SEPT9, IRF4, BCAT1, IKZF1 and the combined methylation of the 4 genes in blood samples were all related to the clinical stage, maximum tumor diameter, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The combined detection of blood SEPT9, IRF4, BCAT1 and IKZF1 gene methylation can significantly improve the positive rate of detection results. This paper provides a theoretical basis for the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827944

ABSTRACT

To analyzed the actual clinical application of Xingnaojing Injection in treating cerebral infarction in the real world, selected HIS(hospital information system) database of inpatients in 39 hospitals across the country, and conducted descriptive analysis and association rule analysis on the information of 11 674 patients with cerebral infarction using Xingnaojing Injection. The results showed that the average age of the patients was 69.69 years. TCM syndrome of phlegm stasis and collaterals stagnation was the most(37.56%), followed by wind-phlegm obstruction of collaterals(19.01%). Virtual syndrome accounted for 21.06%. Intravenous drip was the most important route of administration(96.50%). Iv infusion single dose of 10-20 mL(52.44%), other off-label doses accounted for a larger proportion(47.56%). Continuous use of the drug within 3 days(55.45%), 15-28 days accounted for 6.96%, >28 days accounted for 0.89%. The top 10 Western drugs used in combination mainly include antihypertensive drugs, acid-suppressing drugs to protect stomach, drugs to improve brain circulation, drugs to protect brain nerves and drugs to fight infection. The top 10 of Chinese patent medicines are mainly activating blood circulation and removing stasis, clearing heat and clearing the surface, etc. According to the analysis of association rules, three types of clinical drug use modes for the combination of Chinese and Western medicine were obtained, mainly including the first type: Xingnaojing Injection+nifedipine(nifedipine, nifedipyridine, Lixinping)+levoflo-xacin+Huayu Tongmai agent. The second category: Xingnaojing Injection+omeprazole+edaravone+Huayu Tongmai agent; The third category: Xingnaojing Injection+ganglioside and ganglioside derivatives+edaravone+Huayu Tongmai agent. The results show that Xingnaojing Injection is not a standard drug in the treatment of cerebral infarction. At the same time, the combined use of drugs is mainly recommended by the guidelines and conventional treatment drugs, reflecting the clinical application of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827943

ABSTRACT

From 2001 to 2015, medical data of 16 856 elderly patients aged 65 years and over who used Suxiao Jiuxin Pills in the information system of 37 tertiary A-level hospitals were collected. After standardized analysis, it was found that the average age of 16 856 elderly patients was 72.48 years, and the main admission departments were department of cardiology(19.30%) and geriatric department(9.77%). Generally, 61.96% of the degree of illness is average, and the average hospitalized days were 16.16 days; 47.97% of the patients were diagnosed as coronary heart disease by Western medicine, and 5.86% of the patients were diagnosed as Qi deficiency and blood stasis; The more common combination of Western medicine was isosorbide nitrate(61.15%), Aspirin Enteric Coated Tablets(50.77%) and Gansu(36.88%), the combination of traditional Chinese medicine is Compound Danshen Dropping Pills/Tablets(19.13%), Xuesaitong Capsules/Injection(15.01%), Shexiang Baoxin Pills(12.29%); the commonly used Western medicine is vasodilator(78.39%), Chinese medicine is Huoxue Huayu(82.04%), and the commonly used Western medicine is Aaspirin Enteric Coated Tablets+Isosorbide Nitrate. The author intends to explore the valuable clinical characteristics and the clues of the combined medication scheme, and find that the application of Suxiao Jiuxin Pills basically conforms to the instructions, conforms to the characteristics of the elderly with many common diseases and complicated concurrent diseases; the combination of drugs and the indications-coronary heart disease guidelines are consistent, with certain rules to follow, and expand the recognition of the clinical application of Suxiao Jiuxin Pills, and provide clinical diagnosis and treatment ideas.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aspirin , Coronary Disease , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Vasodilator Agents
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745092

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biomechanical properties of our self-designed 4 cannulated screws in 4 configurations for fixation of extremely unstable femoral neck fractures.Methods Twelve adult cadaveric femoral specimens were randomly divided into 4 equal groups (n =3) and made into models of extremely unstable femoral neck fracture combined with comminution (Pauwels type Ⅲ).Group A was subjected to fixation in configuration of “double axial compressions plus double stabilizations”,group B to configuration of “positive triangle parallel compression plus small angle screwing”,group C to configuration of “inverted triangle parallel compression plus small angle screwing”,and group D to configuration of “diamond pattern screwing”.Static compression tests,cyclic loading tests and limit load tests were carried out for the 4 groups on a biomechanical testing machine.Results For groups A,B C and D,the axial compression stiffness was respectively 995.29 ±34.16 N/mm,509.89 ± 138.90 N/mm,559.28 ± 111.25 N/mm and 610.18 ±232.35 N/mm,and the limit load was respectively 3,225.33 ±461.31 N,2,008.67 ±237.27 N,2,705.67 ±496.39 N and 2,395.33 ±403.71 N,showing significant differences between the 4 groups (P < 0.05).For groups A,B C and D,the displacement was respectively 0.46 ± 0.10 mm,1.47 ± 0.72 mm,1.14 ±0.24 mm and 1.22 ±0.22 mm,and the limit stiffness was respectively 1,139.28 ±342.09 N/mm,843.56 ±408.91 N/mm,585.98 ± 81.60 N/mm and 729.96 ±251.37 N/mm,showing no significant differences between the 4 groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions In the fixation of extremely unstable femoral neck fracture with our self-designed 4 cannulated screws,the configuration of “double axial compressions plus double stabilizations” may lead to the greatest biomechanical advantage while the configuration of “positive triangle parallel compression plus small angle screwing” may result in the poorest biomechanical properties.

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