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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 575-580, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777154

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of salidroside (Sal) on inflammatory activation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the co-culture of rat alveolar macrophages (AM) NR 8383 and type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) RLE-6TN. CCK-8 colorimetric method was used to detect cell proliferation percentage. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the content of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the supernatant. Western blot was used to examine the expression levels of phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) and total AKT protein. The results showed that pretreatment of RLE-6TN cells or co-culture of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells with 32 and 128 µg/mL Sal for 1 h, followed by continuous culture for 24 h, significantly increased the cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Compared with control group, 32 and 128 µg/mL Sal pretreatment significantly increased the ratio of p-AKT/AKT in RLE-6TN cells (P < 0.05). Pretreatment of 32 µg/mL Sal not only inhibited the secretion of TNF-α and MIP-2 by NR 8383 cells induced by LPS (P < 0.05), but also enhanced the inhibitory effect of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells co-culture on the secretion of TNF-α and MIP-2 by NR 8383 cells induced by LPS (P < 0.05). In addition, 32 µg/mL Sal pretreatment promoted LPS-induced IL-10 secretion by NR 8383 cells (P < 0.05), and enhanced the promoting effect of co-culture of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells on the IL-10 secretion by LPS-induced NR 8383 cells (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Sal may directly inhibit LPS-induced inflammatory activation of AM (NR 8383), promote the proliferation of AEC II (RLE-6TN) through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and enhance the regulatory effect of AEC II on LPS-induced inflammatory activation of AM.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Line , Chemokine CXCL2 , Metabolism , Coculture Techniques , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages, Alveolar , Metabolism , Phenols , Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 291-297, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348272

ABSTRACT

To study the protective effect and mechanism of synthetic salidroside on acute lung injury (ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into saline control group, 3 mg/kg LPS model group, different doses of salidroside groups (5, 20 and 80 mg/kg), and 5 mg/kg dexamethasone group. Intratracheal LPS instillation was used to establish the ALI model 0.5 h after intraperitoneal injection of salidroside or dexamethasone, and the rats were sacrificed 6 h later. Lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) was calculated. Lung tissue pathology and lung injury score (LIS) were observed and evaluated through hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The centrifugal sediment of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was used to count the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) number by Wright's staining, and the centrifugal supernatant of BALF was used to determine the contents of protein and inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6). The contents of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in lung tissue were determined. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of phosphorylated and total nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)/p65 protein in lung tissue. The results showed that, compared with LPS group, the intervention of synthetic salidroside alleviated the pathological damage in lung tissue, decreased the LIS and lung W/D ratio (P < 0.05), reduced the PMN number, the contents of protein and inflammatory factors in BALF (P < 0.05), reduced the contents of MPO and MDA in lung tissue (P < 0.05), and inhibited the expression of p-NF-κB in lung tissue (P < 0.05). The results suggest that synthetic salidroside has a protective effect on ALI induced by LPS, and its mechanism is related to inhibiting the phosphorylation of NF-κB and reducing the aggregation of PMN in the lung.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Animals , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Dexamethasone , Pharmacology , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Pathology , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neutrophils , Cell Biology , Peroxidase , Metabolism , Phenols , Pharmacology , Phosphorylation , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
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