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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928127


A new phloroglucinol was isolated from 50% ethanol extract of Dryopteris fragrans by silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, thin-layer chromatography(TLC), and preparative liquid column chromatography. On the basis of MS, ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, and reference materials, compound 1 was identified as 2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one, 2-{[2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-3-methyl-5-(1-isobutyl)phenyl]methyl}-3,5-dihydroxy-4,4-dimethyl-6-(1-oxobutyl)(1), and named disaspidin BB. Compound 1 was evaluated for its antibacterial activity. The experimental results showed that compared with the commonly used topical antibiotics erythromycin or mupirocin, disaspidin BB exhibited significant antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus epidermidis(SEP), S. haemolyticus(SHA), and methicillin-resistant S. aureus(MRSA)(P<0.05). Additionally, disaspidin BB was sensitive to ceftazidime-resistant SEP1-SEP4, SHA5-SHA7, MRSA8, and MRSA9. The MIC values of disaspidin BB against SEP and SHA were 1.67-2.71 μg·mL~(-1) and 10.00-33.33 μg·mL~(-1) respectively. Disaspidin BB has good antibacterial activities and deserves development as a new anti-infective drug for external use.

Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Dryopteris , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Phloroglucinol/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827969


The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid on intestinal barrier functions in rats with dampness obstructing spleen-stomach syndrome and primarily explore the mechanism. The rat model of dampness obstructing spleen-stomach syndrome was established, and then the modeled rats were randomly divided into the model control group, Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid high and low dose groups, and natural recovery group according to gender and body weight, with 10 rats in each group. Another 10 rats were taken as blank control group. After each group received the corresponding treatment for 7 days, rat serum was isolated. D-lactic acid content was detected by the MTT method, and diamine oxidase(DAO) activity was detected by the rate method. Colon tissues of the rats were isolated to detect Na~+-K~+-ATPase activity and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATPase activity by phosphate determination method, glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) activity was detected by spectrophotometry, catalase(CAT) activity was detected by ammonium molybdate, superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity was detected by hydroxylamine, the expression of occludin protein and ZO-1 protein was detected by immunofluorescence, and the expression levels of occludin protein and ZO-1 protein were detected by Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that low dose Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid could improve the body weight, diet, stool and urine state of rats with dampness obstructing spleen-stomach syndrome obviously. The D-lactic acid content and the DAO activity in the serum of rats with dampness obstructing spleen-stomach syndrome were reduced obviously. The activities of Na~+-K~+-ATPase, Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATPase, GSH-Px, CAT and SOD in rat colon tissues were increased obviously. The occludin proteins and ZO-1 protein expression levels in rat colon tissues were raised obviously. The differences in the above indexes between Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid group and the model control group were statistically significant(P<0.05). Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid could effectively restore the intestinal barrier function in rats with dampness obstructing spleen-stomach syndrome and its mechanism may be related to the repair of intestinal mechanical barrier function.

Animals , Colon , Intestinal Mucosa , Rats , Spleen , Stomach
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229505


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of Chinese medicine formulation Chaihu Shugan San (, CHSGS) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in rats with insulin resistance (IR) and its molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups: the control group, the model group, Dongbao Gantai group (, DBGT, 0.09 g methionine/kg), CHSGS high-dose group (CHSG-H, 12.6 g crude drug/kg), CHSGS medium-dose group (CHSG-M, 6.3 g crude drug/kg), and CHSGS low-dose group (CHSG-L, 3.15 g crude drug/kg). After establishing the NAFLD rat model and treatment for 8 weeks, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), free fatty acid (FFA), fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS) contents in blood serum, and TC, TG contents in the hepatic homogenate were measured by an automatic biochemical analyzer, and a homeostasis model assessment was applied to assess the status of IR, insulin sensitivity index (ISI), and homeostasis model assessment for insulin secretion (HOMA-IS). The expression levels of adiponectin and leptin mRNA in liver tissue were analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Pathological changes of livers were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining of paraffin section.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the model group, the serum levels of TC, TG, FFA, FBG, FINS, IRI, ISI, and the liver levels of TC and TG in CHSG-H, CHSG-M, CHSG-L groups showed significant declines (P<0.01 or P<0.05); the serum levels of HDL-C, HOMA-IS were significantly increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05); the expression of leptin mRNA was dramatically decreased and the expression of adiponectin mRNA was increased in the hepatic tissue (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The fatty deposition of liver cells could also be alleviated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CHSGS could up-regulate the expression of adiponectin mRNA and down-regulate the expression of leptin mRNA on the liver, suggesting the CHSGS had positive therapeutic effect on NAFLD in rats with IR.</p>

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855389


Objective: To study the protective effect of the total flavones in Microcos paniculata (TFMP) on the acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) induced by isoprenaline (ISO) and its mechanism. Methods: The rats were ig administered with TFMP (8, 4, and 2 mg/kg) once daily for consecutive 5 d, and the AMI rat model was established by sc injection with ISO (2 mg/kg) 1 h after the last administration. The effects of TFMP on the electrocardiogram (ECG) at different time points and the myocardial tissue pathological histomorphology dying by hematoxylin were observed; The superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of myocardial tissue, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase (CK) activities in serum were detected using biochemical method. Results: Compared with the model group, the high- and mid-doses (8 and 4 mg/kg) TFMP inhibited the J spot downward of ECG during myocardial ischemia (P < 0.05), especially after 10 min of ISO injection. The myocardial injury induced by ISO was aslo improved in these two groups, the levels of LDH and CK in serum (P < 0.05) and the content of MDA in myocardial homogenate (P < 0.01) were decreased, the activities of SOD (P < 0.01) and GSH-Px (P < 0.05, 0.001) in the myocardial homogenate were increased. Conclusion: The TFMP has the apparent protective effect on AMI injury, its mechanism may be related with improving the myocardial anti-oxidative ability and decreasing the oxidative stress reaction.

Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 440-442, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642962


Objective To investigate the prevalence, common clinical symptoms and complications, transmission routes and media of brucellosis among human in the city of Songyuan in Jilin province, and to provide practical basis for brucellosis intervention and related control measures. Methods Use self-designed questionnaire to collect information from outpatients in brucellosis clinic in Songyuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention from January to June 2009, and to analyze the related data from the survey: prevalence, time and geographical distribution, clinical symptom, transmission route and media. Results Of the total 620 cases investigated, there were 284 patients accounting for 45.8% (284/620), 75 suspected patients accounting for 12.1% (75/620), 13stealth patients accounting for 2.1% (13/620) and 248 negative people accounting for 40.0% (248/640). Main common symptoms of the patients were fever[66.5%( 189/284)], muscle and joint pain[38.7%( 110/284)],fatigue[27.5%(78/284)], hyperhidrosis[25.0%(71/284)]and low back pain[17.3%(49/284)]. The patients group had a significantly higher prevalence of mucocutaneous infection, contacting infected animal abortion flow,fur, soil, faeces and dust than the uninfected group(χ2 value were 27.12, 22.75, 8.90, 6.65, 6.39, 6.39, all P< 0.01 or < 0.05). Conclusions The positive rate of brucellosis in the brucellosis clinic of Songyuan city is high,and patients have typical symptoms. We should take comprehensive control measures to protect the high-risk group and reduce the local infectivety.

Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 108-111, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294769


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on action potential (AP) and transient outward potassium current (I(to)) on ventricular myocytes of Sprague-Dawley rat.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Calcium-tolerant ventricular myocytes were isolated by enzyme digestion. The changes of AP and I(to) with increasing DHA at concentrations of 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 200 micromol/L were recorded by whole-cell patch clamp configuration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Action potential durations (APDs) were not affected by DHA at concentrations from 0 micromol/L to 30 micromol/L, while APDs were gradually prolonged in proportion with increasing DHA concentrations from 30 micromol/L to 200 micromol/L within 5 minutes and remained stable thereafter. APD(25), APD(50) and APD(75) were (7.7 +/- 2.0) ms, (21.2 +/- 3.5) ms, and (100.1 +/- 9.8) ms respectively at 100 micromol/L DHA. APD(25), APD(50), and APD(75) were (15.2 +/- 4.0) ms, (45.7 +/- 6.8) ms, and (215.6 +/- 15.7) ms respectively at 200 micromol/L DHA. (2) I(to) was gradually reduced with the increasing DHA concentrations from 10 micromol/L to 200 micromol/L. I(to) was blocked by DHA in a dose-dependent manner. I(to) current density was (30.1 +/- 7.2) pA/pF at DHA concentration of 60 micromol/L and its half-inhibition concentration was 58.3 micromol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>APDs are gradually prolonged while I(to) reduced with increasing concentrations of DHA which might contribute to the anti-arrhythmia mechanisms of DHA.</p>

Action Potentials , Animals , Docosahexaenoic Acids , Pharmacology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley