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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927328


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of SUN 's abdominal acupuncture and conventional acupuncture in the treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 female patients with depression after methamphetamine withdrawal were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with conventional acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Taichong (LR 3), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (GV 17), and the observation group was treated with SUN 's abdominal acupuncture at area 1 of the abdomen and area 8 of the abdomen. Both groups were treated once a day, 30 min each time, 6 days as a course of treatment, 1 day rest between treatment courses, a total of 4 courses of treatment. The scores of withdrawal symptoms, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale and serum serotonin (5-HT) level were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the various scores and total score of PSQI scale in the two groups were all lower than before treatment (P<0.01), and the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep time scores and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the serum 5-HT level of the two groups was increased (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SUN 's abdominal acupuncture can improve withdrawal symptom, depression and sleep quality, increase serum 5-HT content in treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal, and has better effect than conventional acupuncture.

Abdomen , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Female , Humans , Methamphetamine/adverse effects , Sleep Quality , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/therapy , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 103-105, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286163


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Chronic cough in children is a common pediatric symptom with complex causes and its diagnosis is difficult; chronic cough affects the life of children in both physical and mental health and also learning. Therefore this study aimed to investigate the causes of chronic cough in children in Fuzhou area of Fujian province.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Data were collected from 364 children with chronic cough who visited the asthma specialist clinic of Children's Hospital of Fuzhou, Fujian Province from March 2009 to April 2010. The diagnosis was made according to Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Cough in Pediatrics published in 2008. Among the patients, 241 were boys and 123 girls. The patients were divided into 3 age groups: group 1, 1 to 3 years old (infants and young children group, n = 75); group 2, 4 to 6 years old (pre-school group, n = 215); and group 3, over 7 years (school-age group, n = 74), the mean age was (4.8 ± 1.1) years (3 months to 14 years), course of the illness was (4.5 ± 1.8) months (4 weeks to 38 months). Mycoplasma pneumoniae was detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The causes of chronic cough were as follows: 171 cases (46.98%) had cough variant asthma; 104 cases (28.57%) had upper airway cough syndrome; 58 cases (15.93%) had respiratory infections; 17 cases (4.67%) had gastroesophageal reflux; 3 cases (0.82%) had foreign bodies. Totally 9 cases (2.47%) had chronic cough associated with 3 causes; 56 cases (15.38%) had 2 causes and 299 cases (82.14%) had single cause. The main causes of cough in the group of pre-school children were cough variant asthma and upper airway cough syndrome. The proportion of the upper airway cough syndrome in school-age children group was the highest among the 3 age groups, which is flowed by cough variant asthma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The causes of chronic cough in children were cough variant asthma, upper airway cough syndrome, respiratory infections, cough after infection, gastroesophageal reflux and foreign bodies in Fuzhou area of Fujian province. Children with chronic cough in different age groups had different etiology, in about 18% of the children the etiology of chronic cough was associated with 3 or 2 causes, indicating that the causes of chronic cough in children are multifactorial.</p>

Adolescent , Asthma , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Cough , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infections , Male
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258041


Embryonic stem cells are continuously growing stem cell lines of embryonic origin. The distinguishing features of ES cells are their capacity to be maintained in an undifferentiated state indefinitely in culture and their potential to develop into various kinds of cells in the body. At molecular level, in vivo and in vitro differentiation of ES cells are similar in many ways. To date, ES cells can differentiate in vitro into myocytes and myocardial cells, neural precursor cells, hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells. Recent evidence suggests that hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) originate from a region within the embryo proper. It is likely that the genesis of HSCs is regulated by embryonic growth factors, which have not been discovered yet. ES cells have provided a convenient and effective experimental approach to define early hematopoietic process within embryos. Research on ES cells has broad application prospect.

Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685540


In the process of vinification, the metabolic products of various yeasts are key to the sensory characteristics. Different species produce different volatile composition, which results in direct influences on wine's bouquet mostly. Metabolic characteristics of Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces and the different influences on odour by them as well as interactions among various species were described in this paper. Research progress on non-Saccharomyces was summarized.Studies confirmed that some characteristics of non-Saccharomyces play a positive role in the structure of bouquet of wine. Combined use of Saccharomyces and some of non-Saccharomyces will be beneficial to sensory characteristics of wine.

Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683968


The stability and physiological activity of the wine yeast during long-term tank to tank culture, customary enological practice, were studied under the production conditions. The results indicted that, during about one month of tank to tank culture, the yeast cells could remain the fermentative activity and the fine characters selected of the initiative yeast. On the other hand, it was also observed that, yeast cells'alcoholic fermentation of tank to tank culture might be more active than that of the initiative yeast, perhaps due to the selection by grape musts.