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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 334-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927975

ABSTRACT

Fingerprints of 18 batches of substance benchmark of Shentong Zhuyu Decoction(SZD) were established by UPLC under the following conditions: Waters Sun Fire C_(18) column(3.0 mm×150 mm, 3.5 μm), column temperature of 35 ℃, gradient elution with mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(B) at the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min~(-1), and detection by wavelength switching. A total of 16 common peaks were identified. The similarities among the fingerprints were calculated by Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 Edition) and the result showed they were in the range of 0.911-0.988. Based on the 16 common peaks, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and partial least square discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) all categorized the 18 batches of samples into two groups(S1, S2, S5-S8, S14, and S17 in one group, and S1, S2, S5-S8, S14, and S17 in another), and 11 most influential components were screened. Five known components with great difference among samples(hydroxysafflor yellow A, ferulic acid, benzoic acid, ecdysone, and ammonium glycyrrhizinate) were determined. The combination of multi-component content determination and fingerprints can reflect the overall cha-racteristics of the primary standards of SZD, which is simple, feasible, reproducible, and stable. This study can serve as a reference for the quality control of the primary standards of SZD.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Quality Control
2.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 630-633, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of Sini Decoction before and after compatibilities on acute myocardial ischemia rats. Methods: The model of myocardial ischemia in rats was established by ig Pit. The effects of Sini Decoction, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP)-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (GRR) decoction, ALRP-Zingiberis Rhizoma (ZR) decoction, ZR-GRR decoction, single ALRP decoction, single ZR decoction and single GRR decoction on the extension of myocardial infarction, lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and lactic acid in rats were evaluated. Results: Sini Decoction, ALRP-GRR decoction, ALRP-ZR decoction, and single ALRP decoction obviously decreased the extension of myocardial infarction (P ALRP-ZR decoction > ALRP-GRR decoction > single ALRP decoction. It reveals the scientific connotation of the compatibilities of Sini Decoction and accurate action about drug using of Sini Decoction from the perspective of efficacy.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 84-88, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305344

ABSTRACT

The change of the effective components (liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin) contents of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (GRR) before and after compatibilities in Sini decoction was studied in this paper. Taking single GRR decoction, GRR-Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP) decoction, GRR-Zingiberis Rhizoma (ZR) decoction and Sini decoction as test samples, the contents changing of the four effective components of GRR were measured by HPLC. The results showed that the contents of the four effective components of GRR in the single GRR decoction was higher than that in other samples, and the sequence was single GRR decoction > GRR-ZR decoction > GRR-ALRP decoction > Sini decoction. The contents of liquiritin were 11.18, 9.89, 9.67, 9.17 mg · g(-1); the contents of glycyrrhizic acid were 20.76, 15.58, 11.30, 8.52 mg · g(-1); the contents of liquiritigenin were 0.66, 0.57, 0.45, 0.24 mg · g(-1); the contents of isoliquiritigenin were 0.14, 0.07, 0.03, 0.01 mg · g(-1). Therefore, the effective components of GRR decreased obviously after GRR compatibility with ZR providing scientific basis for GRR relieving the strong nature of ZR. The effective components of GRR decreased sharply after GRR compatibility with ALRP providing scientific support for the material foundation research of GRR reducing the toxicity of ALRP. The effective components of GRR decreased further in Sini decoction indicating that the three medicines in Sini decoction were interactional, which reflecting the scientific connotation of the mutual-restraint/mutual-detoxication, mutual-promotion/mutual-assistance compatibilities in Sini decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1311-1315, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246104

ABSTRACT

This study aims to develop a method for determination of beta-elemene, curcumol, germacrone and neocurdione in the volatile oil of Curcuma phaeocaulis, and to provide the basis of the quality control method for the volatile oil of C. phaeocaulis and the related preparations. Based on GC-MS, the 4 main compounds were simultaneously determined, with the internal standard n-tridecane. The Agilent 19091S-433 column (0.25 microm x 250 microm x 30 m) was adopted at the temperature of 250 degrees C, the programmed temperature method (60 degrees C for 1 min, 5 degrees C x min x to 110 degrees C for 5 min, 1 degrees C x min(-1) to 140 degrees C, 5 degrees C x min(-1) to 160 degrees C, 10 degrees C x min(-1) to 240 degrees C) was used. Helium gas was used as the carrier gas at a constant flow rat of 1 mL x min(-1), with an injection volume of 1 RL. Mass spectra were taken at 70 eV; the ion-source temperature was 200 degrees C. The relation time and character acteristic ions for each target compound were determined by full scan mode and SIM, and m/z 85.1, 93.1, 121.1, 107.1 and 180.1 were the detection ions of n-tridecane, beta-elemene, curcumol, germacrone and neocurdione. As a result, beta-elemene, curcumol, germacrone and neocurdione were all detected with good separation. They were all in a good linear relationship within each concentration scope. The average recovery rates were in the range of 98.2%-101%. So, the method can be used to control the quality of the volatile of C. phaeocaulis Val. and the preparations related.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Chemistry , Curcuma , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Plant Oils , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes , Sesquiterpenes, Germacrane
5.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 483-489, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286089

ABSTRACT

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) LJB/03 strain was isolated from the feces of piglets suspected to be suffering from a severe diarrhea in Heilongjiang Province, and was identified by immunofluorescence test, immunelectronmicroscopy, RT-PCR and indirect ELISA assay. Characteristics of the virus culture and the methods of improvement of virus titer were explored. The results showed that the virus had the typical appearance of the coronavirus. Analysis of the nucleotide sequences of RT-PCR products revealed 98% homology with the reference strains. Indirect immunofluorescence assay showed a significant presence of green fluorescence, and an average P/N ratio of 7.6 by indirect ELISA assay. Taken together, these tests showed positive isolation of PEDV. Using the virus plaque purification cloning methods established in the test, the purified PEDV large plaque and small plaque were obtained, and the large plaque and small plaque titers were measured with significant difference. These results provide potential for the application of PEDV on the basis of the biological features of isolated virus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , China , Epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Virology , Epidemics , Feces , Virology , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Genetics , Swine , Swine Diseases , Epidemiology , Virology , Virus Cultivation
6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 351-354, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245398

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the comorbidities in patients with cerebral palsy (CP) from two perspectives as neurologic subtype and gross motor functions, and find their correlations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Children with cerebral palsy treated in the rehabilitation center from January 2007 to June 2009 received the following examinations: intelligence capacity test, ophthalmologic consultation, language-speech test, brainstem auditory evoked potential and electroencephalogram. They were stratified according to both neurologic subtype and gross motor functions to detect the occurrence of comorbidities.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the 354 cases, 166 (46.89%) had mental retardation, 15 (4.24%) auditory limitations, 138 (38.98%) visual disorder, 216 (61.02%) language-speech disorder and 82 (23.16%) epilepsy. The frequency of individual comorbidities were distributed disproportionately between the different neurologic subtypes. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between the spastic diplegia and the visual disorder (correlation coefficient = 0.26), between spastic hemiplegia and epilepsy (correlation coefficient = 0.17), between spastic quadriplegia and epilepsy and mental retardation (the correlation coefficient was 0.38 and 0.11, respectively) and between both dyskinetic and mixed children and language-speech disorder (the correlation coefficient was 0.24 and 0.27, respectively). The frequency of individual comorbidities was distributed disproportionately between the different neurologic subtypes and between the different GMFCS levels (P < 0.05), except for the frequency of visual disorders (chi(2) = 1.90, P > 0.05); and with the increase of the GMFCS levels, the burden of the comorbidities were more heavy and the incidence of the comorbidities was higher. Multi-comorbidities were relatively infrequently encountered in those with spastic hemiplegic or spastic diplegic children or patients whose GMFCS levels were I-III, while these entities occurred at a frequent level for those with spastic quadriplegic, dyskinetic, or mixed or children whose GMFCS levels were IV and V, and the differences were significant (P < 0.05). The mean GMFCS levels of children with spastic quadriplegic, dyskinetic or mixed CP were higher than level III, most of them had no ability of ambulation;while the mean GMFCS levels of spastic hemiplegic or spastic diplegic children were below level III, most of them could walk independently.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There are correlations between the occurrence of the comorbidities such as mental retardation, auditory or visual impairments, language-speech disorders, epilepsy and the cerebral palsy subtype and the gross motor function levels. Clinicians should have a full recognition of these comorbidities, and we should have a cooperation between the different subjects to have an overall evaluation and rehabilitation and to improve the prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Cerebral Palsy , Classification , Epidemiology , Comorbidity , Epilepsy , Classification , Epidemiology , Motor Skills , Classification , Motor Skills Disorders , Classification , Epidemiology , Quadriplegia , Classification , Epidemiology , Vision Disorders , Classification , Epidemiology
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