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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 813-820, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921284

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on lipophagy in hepatocytes and the underlying mechanism. Human hepatoma cell line HepG2 was cultured in vitro, treated with 0.1 mmol/L palmitic acid (PA), and then divided into control group (0 μg/mL LPS), LPS group (10 μg/mL LPS), LPS+DMSO group and LPS+RAPA (rapamycin, 10 μmol/L) group. Lipid accumulation in hepatocytes was observed by oil red O staining. The autophagic flux of the cells was assessed using confocal laser scanning microscope after being transfected with autophagy double-labeled adenovirus (mRFP-GFP-LC3). The level of intracellular lipophagy was visualized by the colocalization of lipid droplets (BODIPY 493/503 staining) and lysosomes (lysosome marker, lysosomal associated membrane protein 1, LAMP1). The expression levels of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), ribosome protein subunit 6 kinase 1 (S6K1), p-S6K1, LC3II/I and P62 protein were examined by Western blot. The results showed that the number of red lipid droplets stained with oil red O was significantly increased in LPS group compared with that in control group (P < 0.001). Moreover, in LPS group, the number of autophagosomes was increased, while the number of autophagolysosomes and the colocalization rate of LAMP1 and BODIPY were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-S6K1/S6K1, the ratio of LC3II/LC3I and the protein expression of P62 were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in LPS group. Furthermore, compared with LPS+DMSO group, RAPA treatment obviously reduced the number of lipid droplets and autophagosomes, and raised the number of autophagolysosomes and the colocalization rate of LAMP1 and BODIPY (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the results demonstrate that LPS inhibits lipophagy in HepG2 cells via activating mTOR signaling pathway, thereby aggravating intracellular lipid accumulation.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides , Palmitic Acid , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888121

ABSTRACT

Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills(QSYQ) are used clinically to treat various myocardial ischemic diseases, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and heart failure; however, the molecular mechanism of QSYQ remains unclear, and the scientific connotation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compatibility has not been systematically explained. The present study attempted to screen the critical pathway of QSYQ in the treatment of myocardial ischemia by network pharmacology and verify the therapeutic efficacy with the oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD) model, in order to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The key targets of QSYQ were determined by active ingredient identification and target prediction, and underwent pathway enrichment analysis and functional annotation with David database to reveal the biological role and the critical pathway of QSYQ. Cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), and Western blot tests were launched on high-content active ingredients with OGD cell model to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The results of network pharmacology indicated that QSYQ, containing 18 active ingredients and 82 key targets, could protect cardiomyocytes by regulating biological functions, such as nitric oxide biosynthesis, apoptosis, inflammation, and angiogenesis, through TNF signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, etc. HIF-1 signaling pathway was the critical pathway. As revealed by CCK-8 and LDH tests, astragaloside Ⅳ, salvianic acid A, and ginsenoside Rg_1 in QSYQ could enhance cell viability and reduce LDH in the cell supernatant in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.05). As demonstrated by the Western blot test, astragaloside Ⅳ significantly down-regulated the protein expression of serine/threonine-protein kinase(Akt1) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α(HIF-1α) in the HIF-1 signaling pathway, and up-regulated the protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). Salvianic acid A significantly down-regulated the protein expression of upstream phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha(PIK3 CA) and downstream HIF-1α of Akt1. Ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly down-regulated the expression of HIF-1α protein and up-regulated the expression of VEGFA. The therapeutic efficacy of QSYQ on myocardial ischemia was achieved by multiple targets and multiple pathways, with the HIF-1 signaling pathway serving as the critical one. The active ingredients of QSYQ could protect cardiomyocytes synergistically by regulating the targets in the HIF-1 signaling pathway to inhibit its expression.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826331

ABSTRACT

To explore the optimal therapy time for the treatment of severe coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)by traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)and its influence on the therapeutic effect and prognosis. The clinical data,laboratory findings,and outcomes of 64 patients with severe COVID-19 treated with TCM and western medicine in Chongqing from January 20,2020, to March 11,2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into early intervention group[TCM was initiated within 3 days (including day 3) after the first diagnosis of severe type/critical type COVID-19]and late intervention group[TCM was initiated after 7 days (including day 7) after the first diagnosis of severe type /critical type COVID-19].The changes in clinical parameters during the course of disease were compared between the two groups. On day 14,the oxygenation index was 292.5(252.0,351.0)mmHg in the early intervention group,which was significantly higher than that in the late intervention group [246.0(170.0,292.5)mmHg](=0.005).The length of hospital stay [(18.56±1.11)d (24.87±1.64)d,=0.001],duration of ICU stay [(14.12±0.91)d (20.00±1.53)d,=0.000] and time to negativity [(16.77±1.04)d (22.48±1.66)d,=0.001] in the early intervention group were significantly shorter than those in the late intervention group.The intubation rate(7.3%)in the early intervention group was significantly lower than that in the late intervention group(30.4%)(=0.028). Early TCM therapy within three days after a diagnosis of severe COVID-19 can shorten the length of hospital stay,duration of ICU stay,and time to negativity and decrease intubation rate.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773667

ABSTRACT

The research on biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica( CMMBCS) should be finally implemented to the holistic research level of traditional Chinese medicine compounds,while the overall biopharmaceutical properties of traditional Chinese medicine compounds are not only the sum of solubility and permeability of each component. In this study,Gegen Qinlian Tablets was used as the research object,and the contents of 12 representative components,i.e. puerarin,daidzin,baicalin,daidzein,wogonoside,baicalein,wogonin,glycyrrhizic acid,coptisine hydrochloride,epiberberine,berberine hydrochloride and palmatine hydrochloride,were simultaneously determined by HPLC to obtain the mass weight of each component. The in vitro lipopolysaccharide( LPS)-induced RAW264. 7 cells inflammation model was established to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of 12 representative components and obtain the efficacy weight of each component. In order to obtain the number of doses and effective permeability coefficient which can represent the overall biopharmaceutical properties of Gegen Qinlian Tablets,mass weight was combined with efficacy weight to integrate the solubility and permeability data of each component determined by typical shake flask method and in situ single pass intestinal perfusion model respectively. The results indicated that Gegen Qinlian Tablets should be categorized Ⅳ drug of the CMMBCS with low solubility and low permeability.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Biopharmaceutics , Classification , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Classification , Pharmacology , Materia Medica , Classification , Tablets
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775376

ABSTRACT

A new isobenzofuranone derivative has been isolated from Phlomis betonicoides by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI-gel resin and RP-HPLC. This compound was determined as 5-(3-hydroxypropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-2-furo[3,4-]chromen-7(9)-one (1) by NMR, MS, IR and UV spectroscopic data. Compound 1 showed potent antibacterial activity with an MIC₉₀ value of (58.4 ± 4.2) mg·L⁻¹ for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain [levofloxacin as a control with MIC₉₀ value of (52.8±4.6) mg·L⁻¹].


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Benzofurans , Pharmacology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Phlomis , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694527

ABSTRACT

Objective Through the screening of candidate pathogenic gene among family members of a family with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Yuxi, Yunnan Province, the study is designed to analyze the relationship between genotype and phenotype and to provide an important theoretical basis for the research of molecular genetic mechanism, early screening and early intervention of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods A detailed medical history was collected and physical examination and routine twelve lead electrocardiogram and cardiac ultrasonography examination were performed among the family members. The peripheral venous blood samples were collected for genetic testing. The genetic map was drawn and the genetic characteristics, genotype and clinical phenotype were analyzed. Results In this family, the dominant inheritance mode of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is X- linked dominant inheritance. Candidate genes screening showed that a missense mutation was found in the GLA, ZFPM2, SCN5A genes and the translated amino acids were changed. Conclusion X- linked dominant inheritance is the main genetic mode of HCM in this family. GLA c.167G>A (p. Cys56Tyr) heterozygous or hemizygous missense mutation may be the major pathogenic mutation in this family with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The clinical significance of ZFPM2 c.1332G> C (p.Lys444Asn) heterozygous missense mutation and SCN5A c.5216G>A (p.Arg1739Gln) heterozygous missense mutation in this family is undetermined.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the content of pepsin in salivary, and to assess the laryngophargeal lesions based on the reflux founding score (RFS) scale in asymptomatic volunteers, in order to provide a reference for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux.@*METHODS@#A total of 91 asymptomatic subjects were recruited in this study. Participants provided a fasting saliva specimen for pepsin measurement using enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay, completed the reflux symptom index (RSI) assessment and underwent laryngostroboscopic examination using a rigid endoscope. Their RFS were graded according to the laryngeal findings.@*RESULTS@#The median concentration of pepsin in 91 asymptomatic volunteers was 55.5 μg/L (range 3.53-191.64 μg/L). The mean individuals RSI was 2.24±2.34, and the mean individuals RFS was 5.78±1.74.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data demonstrate that certain concentration of pepsin was detected and showed a higher RFS score in asymptomatic volunteers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Diagnosis , Laryngoscopy , Pepsin A , Saliva , Chemistry , Volunteers
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690500

ABSTRACT

To illustrate the intrinsic dissolution rate(IDR) involved in biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica(CMMBCS), investigate the effect of artificial multicomponent environment on IDR of berberine, by using a non-disintegrating disk, and summarize related rules by using the obtained data. Progressive levels design was used to investigate the effects of single component environment (puerarin, baicalin, and glycyrrhizic acid); double-component environment(puerarin+baicalin, puerarin+ glycyrrhizic acid, baicalin+glycyrrhizic acid); and triple-component environment(puerarin+baicalin+glycyrrhizic acid) on IDR of berberine, laying a foundation for further researches on the absorption mechanism of multiple components.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335732

ABSTRACT

One of the advantages of biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica (CMMBCS) is expanding the classification research level from single ingredient to multi-components of Chinese herb, and from multi-components research to holistic research of the Chinese materia medica. In present paper, the alkaloids of extract of huanglian were chosen as the main research object to explore their change rules in solubility and intestinal permeability of single-component and multi-components, and to determine the biopharmaceutical classification of extract of Huanglian from holistic level. The typical shake-flask method and HPLC were used to detect the solubility of single ingredient of alkaloids from extract of huanglian. The quantitative research of alkaloids in intestinal absorption was measured in single-pass intestinal perfusion experiment while permeability coefficient of extract of huanglian was calculated by self-defined weight coefficient method.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2686-2690, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324762

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Overexpression and constitutive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 have been suggested in the tumorigenesis of many human cancers, including multiple carcinomas, melanoma, and lymphoma. The diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in lobectomy specimens is usually straightforward, but distinguishing cirrhosis from well-differentiated HCC can be challenging in core biopsies. Our aims were to investigate the expression level of STAT3 and phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) in HCC and cirrhosis, and the application of STAT3 in the differential diagnosis of HCC and cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty cases were divided into three groups: patients with HCC only (Group 1), HCC and cirrhosis (Group 2), and cirrhosis only (Group 3). Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue sections were stained immunohistochemically for STAT3, pSTAT3, and CD163. The values obtained from the tissue sections of each group were compared in statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>STAT3 showed a high level in HCC and was a significant marker for differentiating HCC from cirrhosis (P < 0.0001). The odds ratio between HCC and cirrhosis increased 34.4 times when the intensity of STAT3 increased by 1 level. Spearman's correlation and Chi-square tests also demonstrated that expression level of STAT3 did not correlate with age, gender, or the presence of a cirrhotic background.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>STAT3 staining differs significantly in HCC and cirrhosis. The findings reinforce the role of STAT3 in the tumorigenesis of HCC and provide a useful marker to differentiate HCC from cirrhosis in challenging liver biopsies.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853362

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the non-alkaloids from the 70% ethanolic extracts of Phellodendri Cortex. Methods: A variety of 732 cation exchange resin chromatography, D101 macroporous adsorbent resin chromatography, silica gel chromatography, ODS column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 chromatography, and preparative HPLC methods were used for the separation and purification of chemical composition. Their structures were established on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral analysis. Results: Fourteen compounds were identified as (-)-3-O-feruloylquinic acid methyl ester (1), (-)-4-O-feruloylquinic acid methyl ester (2), (-)-chlorogenic acid methyl ester (3), (-)-5-O-feruloylquinic acid methyl ester (4), salidroside (5), methyl ferulate (6), caffeic acid methyl ester (7), p-hydroxylbenzyl ethanol (8), 3,4,5-trimetoxyphenol-O-β-D-glucopy ranoside (9), 2-methoxy-4- (2-propenyl) phenyl β-D-glucopyranoside (10), tachinoside (11), methyl syringate (12), (6S)-dehydrovomifoliol (13), and (6R,7aR)- epiloliolide (14). Conclusion: Compounds 9-14 are isolated from the plants in this genus for the first time.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1378-1387, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779558

ABSTRACT

Direct acting antivirals against the hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been developed and the field has been under a rapid progress in recent years. Especially, HCV inhibitors targeting nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein are attracting much attention due to the potent antiviral activity, fast viral clearance and broad antiviral spectrum. This article is prepared to cover the main progress of HCV NS5A complex inhibitors in the market since 2010. The pharmaceutical characteristics of diverse compounds are described and summarized according to their different chemotypes.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 947-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779261

ABSTRACT

In order to find more potential DPP-IV inhibitor, a series of xanthine-scaffold analogs of linagliptin, an approved antidiabetes drug, were designed and synthesized for SAR study. All compounds with a concentration of 50 nmol·L-1 showed the inhibitory activity against DPP-IV enzyme in vitro, and the inhibition rate of compounds 1a, 1d and 1f was over 50%. Virtual docking was also performed to facilitate the SAR analysis of these substituted xanthines.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2313-2318, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307417

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The efficacy of percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PIRFT) for the treatment of discogenic low back pain (LBP) remains controversial. However, all the PIRFT studies utilized monopolar radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC). The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of bipolar RFTC for the treatment of discogenic LBP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 23 patients with discogenic LBP were treated with single-level bipolar RFTC. The patients were assessed before the procedure and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after the procedure. The primary outcome included the visual analog scale (VAS) score and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score. The secondary outcome included pain relief, reduction of analgesic dose, and patient satisfaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The VAS and ODI scores were significantly decreased after bipolar RFTC treatment at all time points of follow-up (P < 0.05). Bipolar RFTC treatment also resulted in a significant change in all secondary measures, such as pain relief, reduction of analgesic dose, and patient satisfaction. No serious complications or neurological sequelae were observed in any of the patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bipolar RFTC treatment can significantly attenuate pain and improve the function of patients with discogenic LBP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Electrocoagulation , Methods , Female , Fluoroscopy , Methods , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Therapeutics , Low Back Pain , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the value of multiparameter flow cytometry in diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty patients with NHL admitted in Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Zhengzhou from January 2009 to August 2014 years were enrolled into this study, among them 13 cases received lymnode puncture, 2 cases were given bone marrow aspiration, 2 cases received peripheral blood examination, 3 cases suffered lymphnode biopsy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After FCM immune typing and cytological smear, 6 cases was confirmed to be B-SLL, 1 case was B-NHL, 1 case was FL, 5 cases was DLBCL, 2 cases was T-NHL, 3 cases was T-LBL, 1 case was NK/T-NHL, 1 case was PTun.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Multiparameter flow cytometry is valuable for diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's of lymphoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Flow Cytometry , Hospitalization , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Diagnosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Diagnosis , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Diagnosis , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Diagnosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312820

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of electric acupuncture (EA) on the Nogo receptors (NgR) protein expression in the cerebral cortex, the medulla oblongata, and the spinal cord of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) stroke-prone renovascular hypertensive rats (RHRSP) with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) at different time points, and to investigate its possible mechanisms for remote-organ injury of acute cerebral infarction (ACI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The RHRSP model was duplicated in male SPF grade SD rats. Then the MCAO model was prepared by a thread stringing method. Rats were divided into the hypertension group,the sham-operation group, the MCAO group, the EA group, and the sham-acupoint group by random number table method, 60 in each group. Rats in the MCAO group only received MCAO reperfusion treatment. Those in the sham-operation group only received surgical trauma. Baihui (DU20) and Dazhui (DU14) were needled in the EA group, once daily for a total of 28 days.The needles were acupunctured at the skin one cun distant from Baihui (DU20) and Dazhui (DU14) and then the same EA treatment was performed in the sham-acupoint group. At day 1, 7, 14, 28 after treatment, six rats were executed from each group, and their right cortex and medulla oblongata, and the left spinal cord were isolated. The infarct volume was detected by Nissl's staining method. The NgR expression was detect by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In the cortex area: compared with the hypertension group,the NgR expression increased in the MCAO group at day 1,7,14,and 28 after MCAO (P < 0.05). Compared with the MCAO group, the NgR expression of the EA group and the sham-acupoint group were equivalent at 1 day af ter MCAO (P > 0.05). At day 7, 14,and 28 after MCAO, the NgR expression decreased in the EA group (P < 0.05), it was quite similar to that in the sham-acupoint group (P > 0.05). (2) In the medulla oblongata area: compared with the hypertension group, the NgR expression was equivalent in the sham-operation group. the MCAO group,the EA group, and the sham-acupoint group at 1 day after MCAO (P > 0.05). At day 7.14, and 28 after MCAO, the NgR expression increased in the MCAO group (P < 0.05). Compared with the MCAO group,the NgR expression decreased in the EA group at day 7, 14, and 28 after MCAO (P < 0.05), whereas it was similar in the sham-acupoint group (P > 0.05). (3) In the spinal cord area: compared with the hypertension group, the NgR expression was equivalent in the sham-operation group, the MCAO group,the EA group, and the sham-acupoint group at day 1 and 7 after MCAO (P > 0.05). At day 14 and 28 after MCAO, the NgR expression increased in the MCAO group (P < 0.05). Compared with the MCAO group, the NgR expression decreased in the EA group at day 14 and 28 after MCAO (P < 0.05), whereas it was equivalent in the sham-acupoint group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Increased NgR expression in the cerebral cortex, the medulla oblongata, and the spinal cord of cerebral infarct rats was an important reason for involving remote-organ injury of ACI. The protective effect of EA on hypertensive I/R cerebral injury rats might be closely related to down-regulating central nervous system myelin growth inhibition mediated factors Nogo-A receptor NgR protein expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cerebral Infarction , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Disease Models, Animal , Electroacupuncture , GPI-Linked Proteins , Metabolism , Hypertension, Renal , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Male , Medulla Oblongata , Metabolism , Myelin Proteins , Metabolism , Nogo Receptor 1 , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Spinal Cord , Metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671750

ABSTRACT

A method for the simultaneous determination of oxygen and nitrogen in synthetic diamonds by inert gas high temperature extraction-impulse heating method was proposed. The sample weight, the selection of analysis power and the calibration curves of oxygen and nitrogen were discussed. Oxygen and nitrogen in analytical samples are determined. Values of RSDs (n=7) for oxygen and nitrogen were less than 4. 5% and 4. 0% respectively. The analytical results of oxygen and nitrogen obtained by the proposed method were in good agreement with those by inert gas fusion-impulse heating method.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671730

ABSTRACT

A method for the determination of Fe, Co, Mn and Ni in synthetic diamonds by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry ( ICP-AES) was proposed. The synthetic diamond sample was decomposed completely, while the sample was burned in air at 1000 ℃ for 10 h, and then a mixed acid of H2 SO4 , aqua regia and HClO4 was used for the dissolving the residue of the sample. In this method, the limits of detection of Fe, Co, Mn and Ni were 0. 0147, 0. 0018, 0. 0006 and 0. 0027 mg/L, respectively. Under the optimum condition, Fe, Co, Mn and Ni in synthetic diamond sample were determined. The values of RSDs (n=7) were less than 0. 5%. The recoveries of added standard were 94. 0%-105. 0%.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1025-1028, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the long-term effect of bosentan on outcome in patients after Fontan operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients after Fontan surgery were randomly divided into bosentan group (B, n = 16) and control group (C, n = 23). Bosentan was applied within 7 days after Fontan surgery as follows: at the first month, 7.8125 mg Bid for patients with body weight ≤ 10 kg; 15.625 mg Bid for patients with body weight between 10-20 kg; 31.25 mg Bid for patients with body weight 20-30 kg and 62.5 mg Bid for patients with body weight > 30 kg. At the second month, the bosentan dose was doubled and Bosentan therapy was continued for more than 1 year. Group C didn't take drugs affecting pulmonary artery pressure. All patients were followed up for 2 years and incidence of mortality, protein losing enteropathy, pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae, 6-minute walk test, heart function were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 2 years, mortality tended to be lower in group B compared to group C [6.25% (1/16) vs. 21.8% (5/23), P > 0.05]. Incidence of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae and protein losing enteropathy were significantly lower in group B than in group C (6.25% vs. 34.78%, P = 0.01;6.25% vs. 39.13%, P = 0.02, respectively) . The results of 6-minute walk test[ (485 ± 44) m vs. (302 ± 183) m] and heart function in group B (3 NYHA III/IV patients in group B vs. 14 NYHA III/IV patients in group C, all P < 0.05) were all better than group C. The concentrations of vasoactive factors such as brain natriuretic peptide (BNP, 279.07 ± 128.17 vs. 457.67 ± 221.30), endothelin (ET, 3.30 ± 0.61 vs. 4.98 ± 1.24) and thromboxane (TXA2, 97.2 ± 24.0 vs. 163.22 ± 24.4) were also significantly lower in group B than in group C (all P < 0.05). Prostacyclin (PGI2) level and incidence of arrhythmias were similar between the two groups. There was no thrombotic event in both groups during follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bosentan trerapy in patients post Fontan operation could reduce the incidence of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae and protein losing enteropathy and improve heart function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fontan Procedure , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Male , Prognosis , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze and evaluate the quality and academic level of the Chinese Journal of gastrointestinal surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the data from WanFang data, a statistical research was carried out with the methods of bibliometrics and citation analysis to investigate the Details of the papers from Chinese Journal of gastrointestinal surgery cited by other journal articles.The important analysis indexes included number of published papers, number of cited papers, citation frequency, citation time distribution and difference, authors and citation journal distribution, etc.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the 1442 papers published by the Chinese Journal of gastrointestinal surgery. From 2007 to 2011, 392 papers are cited, which account for about 27.18% of all cited numbers with total cited 998 times .. Immediacy index from 2009-2011 were respectively 0.08, 0.04 and 0.08. Cited half-life was 0.08 in 2011.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A relatively large proportion of papers published in the journal have ever been cited, indicating that the whole quality of the journal is considerably high. But due to its relatively short history of publication the journal still lacks papers with deep impact and great significance.</p>


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Periodicals as Topic
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