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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929561

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether haplotype hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is effective in the treatment of pre transplant minimal residual disease (Pre-MRD) positive acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) compared with HLA- matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) . Methods: A total of 998 patients with B-ALL in complete remission pre-HSCT who either received haplo-HSCT (n=788) or underwent MSDT (n=210) were retrospectively analyzed. The pre-transplantation leukemia burden was evaluated according to Pre-MRD determinedusing multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) . Results: Of these patients, 997 (99.9% ) achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The 100-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, and grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 99.9% (997/998) , 95.3% (951/998) , and 26.6% (95% CI 23.8% -29.4% ) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD was 49.1% (95% CI 45.7% -52.4% ) . The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of the 998 cases were 17.3% (95% CI 15.0% -19.7% ) and 13.8% (95% CI 11.6% -16.0% ) , respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 69.1% (95% CI 66.1% -72.1% ) and 73.0% (95% CI 70.2% -75.8% ) , respectively. In the total patient group, cases with positive Pre-MRD (n=282) experienced significantly higher CIR than that of subjects with negative Pre-MRD [n=716, 31.6% (95% CI 25.8% -37.5% ) vs 14.3% (95% CI 11.4% -17.2% ) , P<0.001]. For patients in the positive Pre-MRD subgroup, cases treated with haplo-HSCT (n=219) had a lower 3-year CIR than that of cases who underwent MSDT [n=63, 27.2% (95% CI 21.0% -33.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 33.8% -60.2% ) , P=0.002]. The total 998 cases were classified as five subgroups, including cases with negative Pre-MRD group (n=716) , cases with Pre-MRD<0.01% group (n=46) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group (n=117) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.1% -<1% group (n=87) , and cases with Pre-MRD≥1% group (n=32) . For subjects in the Pre-MRD<0.01% group, haplo-HSCT (n=40) had a lower CIR than that of MSDT [n=6, 10.0% (95% CI 0.4% -19.6% ) vs 32.3% (95% CI 0% -69.9% ) , P=0.017]. For patients in the Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group, haplo-HSCT (n=81) also had a lower 3-year CIR than that of MSDT [n=36, 20.4% (95% CI 10.4% -30.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 29.2% -64.8% ) , P=0.004]. In the other three subgroups, the 3-year CIR was comparable between patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and those received MSDT. A subgroup analysis of patients with Pre-MRD<0.1% (n=163) was performed, the results showed that cases received haplo-HSCT (n=121) experienced lower 3-year CIR [16.0% (95% CI 9.4% -22.7% ) vs 40.5% (95% CI 25.2% -55.8% ) , P<0.001], better 3-year LFS [78.2% (95% CI 70.6% -85.8% ) vs 47.6% (95% CI 32.2% -63.0% ) , P<0.001] and OS [80.5% (95% CI 73.1% -87.9% ) vs 54.6% (95% CI 39.2% -70.0% ) , P<0.001] than those of MSDT (n=42) , but comparable in 3-year NRM [5.8% (95% CI 1.6% -10.0% ) vs 11.9% (95% CI 2.0% -21.8% ) , P=0.188]. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-HSCT was associated with lower CIR (HR=0.248, 95% CI 0.131-0.472, P<0.001) , and superior LFS (HR=0.275, 95% CI 0.157-0.483, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.286, 95% CI 0.159-0.513, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Haplo HSCT has a survival advantage over MSDT in the treatment of B-ALL patients with pre MRD<0.1% .


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens/genetics , Haplotypes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 43-48, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34


Subject(s)
Humans , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT.@*METHODS@#A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score.@*CONCLUSION@#This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 554-560, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) in predicting prognosis and guiding therapy of adults with Philadelphia-chromosome negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(-) ALL) in high-risk. Methods: Data of newly diagnosed adults with Ph(-) ALL in high-risk who achieved CR were reviewed. Variables associated with outcome were identified by COX regression model and Landmark analysis. Results: A total of 177 patients, 99 (56%) cases male with a median age of 40 years (range, 16-65 years) were included in this study. Of them, 95 (54%) patients received allo-HSCT in CR(1). Multivariate analyses showed that MRD negativity after the first cycle of consolidation (HR=0.52, 95%CI 0.30-0.89, P=0.017) and achieving CR within 4 weeks (HR=0.43, 95%CI 0.24-0.79, P=0.006) were the factors significantly-associated with longer DFS, and allo-HSCT was associated with both longer DFS (HR=0.13, 95%CI 0.08-0.22, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.24, 95%CI 0.15-0.41, P<0.001) . Landmark analysis was performed on 121 patients, of 85 patients achieving MRD negativity after the first cycle of consolidation, multivariate analyses showed that MRD negativity after the third cycle of consolidation was significantly-associated with longer DFS (HR=0.18, 95%CI 0.05-0.64, P=0.008) and OS (HR=0.14, 95%CI 0.04-0.50, P=0.003) . For the patients achieving MRD negativity after both the first and the third cycles of consolidation, the 3-year DFS rate in the allo-HSCT cohort had a higher trend compared with that in the chemotherapy cohort (75.2% vs 51.3%, P=0.082) , however, the 3-year OS rates in the 2 cohorts were similar (72.7% vs 68.7%, P=0.992) . In those with MRD positivity after the first and/or the third cycle of consolidation, 3-year DFS (64.8% vs 33.3%, P=0.006) and OS (77.0% vs 33.3%, P=0.028) rates in the allo-HSCT cohort were significantly higher than those in the chemotherapy cohort, and similar to those in the cohort achieving MRD negativity after both the first and the third cycles of consolidation and receiving allo-HSCT. Conclusions: MRD negativity after the first cycle of consolidation was a predictor for better outcome in adults with Ph(-) ALL in high-risk. The survival advantage of the allo-HSCT cohort was not pronounced compared with that in the chemotherapy cohort even in those with high-risk features but achieving MDR negativity after both the first and third cycles of consolidation. However, allo-HSCT could be a good option for the patients with MRD positivity after the first and/or the third cycle of consolidation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 831-836, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012077

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristic and prognostic significance of leukemia stem cells associated antigens expressions including CD34, CD38, CD123, CD96 and TIM-3 in t (8;21) AML. Methods: Bone marrow samples of 47 t (8;21) AML patients were collected at diagnosis from October 2015 to April 2018 in Peking University Peoples' Hospital, then flow cytometry method was performed to detect the expression frequencies of CD34, CD38, CD123, CD96 and TIM-3 to analyze the relationship between leukemia stem cells associated antigens expressions and relapse. Results: Of 47 t (8;21) AML patients tested, the median percentages of CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+) CD38(-)CD123(+), CD34(+)CD38(-) CD96(+) and CD34(+) CD38(-) TIM-3(+) cells among nucleated cells were 2.37%, 0.24%, 0.27% and 0.06%, respectively. All the frequencies of CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD96(+) and CD34(+) CD38(-)TIM-3(+) cells had no impact on the achievement of CR after the first course of induction. All higher frequencies of CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+), CD34(+)CD38(-)CD96(+) cells were related to higher 2-year CIR rate. Whereas, the frequency of CD34(+) CD38(-) TIM-3(+) cells had no impact on CIR rate. Both high frequency of CD34(+) CD38(-) cells and the high level of minimal residual diseases (patients with <3-log reduction in the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript level after the second consolidation therapy) were independent poor prognostic factors of CIR[P=0.025, HR=6.9 (95%CI 1.3-37.4) ; P=0.031, HR=11.1 (95%CI 1.2-99.2) ]. Conclusion: Different leukemia stem cells associated antigens had distinct prognostic significance in t (8;21) AML. High frequencies of CD34(+) CD38(-), CD34(+) CD38(-) CD123(+) and CD34(+)CD38(-)CD96(+) cells at diagnosis predicted relapse in patients with t (8;21) AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD , Flow Cytometry , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Stem Cells
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 141-148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of flow cytometric scoring system in the diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).@*METHODS@#The phenotypes of erythroid and immature cells were analyzed retrospectively in 130 MDS patients, 19 healthy controls and 89 pathological controls, all of them were well clinically immunophenotyped. The 4-parameter scoring system reported in the literature was studied, including myeloblast-related cluster size, B-progenitor-related cluster size, lymphocyte to myeloblast CD45 ratio, and granulocyte to lymphocyte side scatter ratio. The two flow cytomatric parameters of the erythroid scoring system were analyzed, including CD36 coefficient of variation (CV) and CD71CV. According to our previous study, the percentage of CD117CD105 myeloid progenitor cells and the proportion of CD105 cells in CD117 cells were selected to establish a two-parameter scoring system, and compared with the four-parameter scoring system and the erythroid scoring system.@*RESULTS@#The sensitivity of the four-parameter scoring system and the erythroid scoring system for the diagnosis of low-risk MDS was 43.5% and 63.0%, and the specificity was 87.0% and 63.9%, respectively. After combining the two scoring systems, the sensitivity to diagnose low-risk MDS was 73.9% and the specificity was 62.0%. The sensitivity of the two-parameter scoring system for the diagnosis of low-risk MDS was 76.1% with a specificity of 81.5%. Combined with the four-parameter scoring system, the sensitivity was increased to 78.3%, but the specificity was reduced to 71.3%. After combining with the erythroid scoring system, the sensitivity reached 87.0%, but the specificity was reduced to 54.6%.@*CONCLUSION@#Using the two-parameter scoring system alone can achieve great sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of low risk MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoglin , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Diagnosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2185-2192, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The dose of certain cell types in allografts affects engraftment kinetics and clinical outcomes after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Hence, the present study investigated the association of cell compositions in allografts with outcomes after unmanipulated haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) for patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA).</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 131 patients with SAA who underwent haplo-SCT were retrospectively enrolled. Cell subsets in allografts were determined using flow cytometry. To analyze the association of cellular compositions and outcomes, Mann-Whitney U nonparametric tests were conducted for patient age, sex, weight, human leukocyte antigen mismatched loci, ABO-matched status, patient ABO blood type, donor-recipient sex match, donor-recipient relationship, and each graft component. Multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression to determine independent influence factors involving dichotomous variables selected from the univariate analysis.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 126 patients (97.7%) achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 121 patients (95.7%) achieved platelet engraftment. At 100 days after transplantation, the cumulative incidence of II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 32.6%. After a median follow-up of 842 (range: 124-4110) days for surviving patients, the cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD at 3 years after transplantation was 33.7%. The probability of overall survival at 3 years was 83.0%. Multivariate analysis showed that higher total doses of CD14 (P = 0.018) and CD34 cells (P < 0.001) were associated with a successful platelet engraftment. A successful platelet was associated with superior survival (P < 0.001). No correlation of other cell components with outcomes was observed.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>These results provide evidence and explain that higher doses of CD34 and CD14 cells in haploidentical allografts positively affect platelet engraftment, contributing to superior survival for patients with SAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Allografts , Anemia, Aplastic , Therapeutics , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Haploidentical , Transplantation, Homologous
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 998-1003, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011905

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring by using WT1 gene and flow cytometry (FCM) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who receiving allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: WT1 gene and MDS-related abnormal immunophenotype were examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) and FCM, respectively. The bone marrow samples were collected from patients with MDS who received allo-HSCT from Feb, 2011 to Oct, 2015 in Peking University People's Hospital before and after transplantation. Results: Among 92 MDS patients, 40 (48.2%) patients were positive for WT1 (WT1(+)) and 9 (10.8%) patients were positive for flow cytometry (FCM(+)). 27 patients (29.3%) met the criteria of our combinative standard, MRDco (MRDco(+)). Only FCM(+) post-transplant (P<0.001) and MRDco(+) (P=0.017) were associated with relapse. The cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) at 2 years were 66.7% and 1.2% (P<0.001) in FCM(+) and FCM(-) groups. MRDco(+) group had a 2-year CIR of 23.0% while MRDco(-) group had a 2-year CIR of 1.6% (P=0.004). The specificity of post-transplant WT1, FCM and MRDco to predict relapse was 59.0%, 96.4% and 74.7%, respectively. The sensitivity of these three MRD parameters to predict relapse was 66.7%. Conclusion: Post-transplant FCM and MRDco are useful tools to monitor MRD for MDS after transplantation. The preemptive intervention based on MRDco is able to reduce the relapse rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm, Residual , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous , WT1 Proteins
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 617-623, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011825

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the prognostic significance of immunophenotype complete remission (ICR) and hematological complete remission (HCR) before human-leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Methods: A cohort of 182 AML (non-APL) patients undergoing MSDT in HCR was retrospectively studied [including complete remission with ANC and PLT recovery (CR), CR with incomplete PLT recovery (CRp), CR with inconplete ANC and PLT recovery (CRi)]; ICR was determined as undetective minimal resudial disease (MRD) by multi-parameter flow cytometer. Results: ①Of the 182 patients, 97 were male, 85 female, and the median age was 41(4-62) years. ②The CR and CRi+CRp rates were 80.8% (147/182) and 19.2%(35/182), respectively; The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse[CIR, (11.0±4.3)% vs (16.0±7.1)%, χ(2)=0.274, P=0.600], non-relapse mortality[NRM, (14.0±4.3)% vs (9.0±6.3)%, χ(2)=0.913, P=0.339], leukemia-free survival[LFS, (75.0±5.1)% vs (75.0±8.3)%, χ(2)=0.256, P=0.613], and overall survial [OS, (77.0±5.2)% vs (80.0±8.1)%, χ(2)=0.140, P=0.708] were comparable between the CRp+CRi and CR groups. ③Compared with the non-ICR group (n=35), the ICR group (n=147) showed lower 4-year CIR [(11.3±3.4) % vs (55.2±8.8) %, χ(2)=32.687, P<0.001], better 4-year LFS [(76.2±4.7)% vs (32.8±8.7)%, χ(2)=26.234, P<0.001] and OS[(79.0±4.7)% vs (39.0±9.1)%, χ(2)=25.253, P<0.001], and comparable NRM[(12.5±4.1)% vs (12.0±7.1)%, χ(2)=1.002, P=0.656]. ④Mulitvariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of ICR in lower CIR [HR=11.026(95%CI 4.685-25.949), P<0.001], higher LFS [HR=5.785 (95% CI 2.974-11.254), P<0.001] and OS[HR=5.578 (95% CI 2.575-27.565), P<0.001]. Conclusion: The results indicated that ICR instead of HCR pre-transplantation had a significant prognostic value in AML patients undergoing MSDT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2816, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772917

ABSTRACT

Background@#Several studies have shown that detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an independent prognostic factor. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of dynamic MRD pretransplantation on outcome of AML patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 145 consecutive AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT in complete remission status between June 2013 and June 2016. MRD was determined with multiparameter flow cytometry after the first and second courses of chemotherapy and pre-HSCT.@*Results@#In matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) settings, patients with positive MRD had higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than those without MRD after the first (32.3 ± 9.7% vs. 7.7 ± 3.1%, χ = 3.661, P = 0.055) or second course of chemotherapy (57.1 ± 3.6% vs. 12.5 ± 2.7%, χ = 8.759, P = 0.003) or pre-HSCT (50.0 ± 9.7% vs. 23.0 ± 3.2%, χ = 5.547, P = 0.019). In haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) settings, the MRD status at those timepoints had no significant impact on clinical outcomes. However, patients with persistent positive MRD from chemotherapy to pre-HSCT had higher CIR than those without persistent positive MRD both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings. Patients with persistent positive MRD underwent MSDT had the highest relapse incidence, followed by those with persistent positive MRD underwent haplo-SCT, those without persistent MRD underwent haplo-SCT, and those without persistent MRD underwent MSDT (66.7 ± 9.2% vs. 38.5 ± 6.0% vs. 18.8 ± 8.7% vs. 12.0 ± 1.0%, χ = 20.763, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that persistent positive MRD before transplantation was associated with higher CIR (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.200-2.382, P = 0.003), worse leukemia-free survival (HR = 1.812, 95% CI: 1.168-2.812, P = 0.008), and overall survival (HR = 2.354, 95% CI: 1.528-3.627, P < 0.001).@*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that persistent positive MRD before transplantation, rather than positive MRD at single timepoint, could predict poor outcome both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , Therapeutics , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 6-10, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264960

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of CD123 expression on CD34(+)CD19(+) cells and its prognostic significance as a novel MRD biomarker in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL) patients. Consecutive newly diagnosed Ph(+)ALL patients (n = 49) in Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 2010 to April 2012 were prospectively enrolled in this study. At diagnosis and different time points during treatment, CD123 expression on CD34(+)CD19(+) cells was examined by multiparameter flow cytometry(MFC). More than 10 CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression in bone marrow samples after complete remission were defined as FCM positive (FCM(+)). The BCR-ABL1[STBZ] transcript was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) concurrently. The results showed that mean fluorescence intensity of CD123 on CD34(+)CD19(+) cells in newly diagnosed Ph(+)ALL and relapsed Ph(+)ALL patients was significantly higher than that of normal B-cell progenitors [8.52(3.71-32.35) vs 8.93(4.79-29.74) vs 1.31(0.21-1.75), P < 0.05]. In addition, ratio of the CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression in newly diagnosed Ph(+)ALL and relapsed Ph(+)ALL patients were significantly higher than that of normal B-cell progenitors [84.63% (55.07%-99.96%) vs 84.50% (57.68%-99.80%) vs 0.99% (0.45%- 1.83%), P < 0.05]. CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression were detected in all newly diagnosed and relapsed Ph(+)ALL patients. A good correlation was found between the MRD results of CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression detected by MFC and that detected by RQ-PCR (n = 360 pairs, Spearman r = 0.90, P < 0.0001). Among 13 cases relapsed during follow up, 11 cases of them were detected by FCM(+) at a median time of 60 (30-73) days before the recurrence. It is concluded that as a complementary to RQ-PCR, detection of the CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression by MFC promises to be an efficient tool for MRD assessment and risk stratification in human Ph(+)ALL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Prognosis
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 370-376, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349706

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the transcription level of WT1 and PRAME two genes in bone marrow and peripheral blood samples of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome(MDS) and their relationship with bone marrow dysplasia and karyotype. The quantitative expression of WT1 and PRAME transcripts detected by RQ-PCR in the bone marrow samples of 203 MDS patients and 19 aplastic anemia(AA), 6 other benign anemia(BA), 4 paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) patients from July 2009 to June 2012 and 14 healthy donors, and in 92 peripheral blood samples. The results showed that WT1 and PRAME expression levels in both BM and PB samples of MDS group were higher than those in normal controls, AA, and BA patients (BM: WT1:P = 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, PRAME: P = 0.048, 0.000, 0.064; PB: WT1:P = 0.012, 0.000, 0.011, PRAME: P = 0.020, 0.004, 0.003). What is more, this expression in high risk MDS group (RAEB1, RAEB2, MDS-AML) were higher than those in low risk group (RCUD, RCMD, MDS-U) and AA and BA. The WT1 and PRAME mRNA expression levels in PB and BM were well correlated (WT1:r = 0.6028, P = 0.001; PRAME: r = 0.7628, P = 0.000), as well as the WT1 expression levels in BM samples with the Karyotype (P = 0.049). In addition, the same positive rate of WT1 or PRAME expression existed in BM and PB samples of MDS patients. It is concluded that the WT1 and PRAME gene expression levels in both BM and PB samples of MDS patients are higher than those in healthy controls, AA and other benign anemia patients, and increase with the progression of the disease. The WT1 and PRAME transcripts constitute good molecular markers for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis and monitoring minimal residual disease after treatment of MDS. What is more, when bone marrow is not so convenient to get, the transcript levels of PB samples can be detected.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Metabolism , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Prognosis , RNA , Genetics , WT1 Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1585-1590, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264971

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to distinguish abnormal cells and to diagnose hematologic diseases through recognizing antigen expression pattern and percentage of peripheral blood cells in normal elderly men. Antigen expression of blast cells, granulocytes, monocytes, lymphocytes, nucleated red blood cells and plasma cells was detected by seven-color flow cytometry in a total of 88 peripheral blood samples from normal elderly men, aged median 82 years old, from 70 to 98 years. Groups were divided according to age, region and underlying diseases, and the percentages of different subgroup cells were examined to confirm whether the differences were significant or not. The results showed that the median proportion of CD34(+) blast cells in peripheral blood from normal elderly men were 0.017% (0.015%-0.020%), with high expression of HLA-DR, CD33, CD13 and CD117, low expression of myeloid antigens, such as CD15, CD11b and CD16, while lymphoid antigens were seldom positive, including CD7, CD19 and CD56. Dim-expression of CD38 was found in peripheral blood blast cells, CD38(dim)+/- cell percentage in blast cells was 61.36% ± 18.26%. In the differentiation and development of granulocytes, CD16(-), CD13(+) CD16(+) (intermediate) and CD16(+) (strong) CD13(+) cells appeared in sequence from immature to mature granulocytes, whose median proportions in nuclear cells were 0.04%, 0.30% and 61.30%, respectively. The percentages of immature monocytes, such as CD64(+) CD14(-) and HLA-DR(+) CD11b(-) cells, were from 0.00% to 0.10% and from 0.07% to 0.68%, separately. No significant differences were found between different subgroups (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the immunophenotypic characteristics and referential percentages of CD34(+) blast cells, granulocytes and monocytes with different development stages in peripheral blood from normal elderly men are recognized, which can help to discriminate abnormal cells.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Blood Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Flow Cytometry , Methods , Immunophenotyping , Leukocyte Count
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 98-103, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the immunophenotypic and clinical characteristics between NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (NPM1m(+)AML) and unmutated AML(NPM1m(-)AML) not otherwise characterized (NOS) under similar FAB subtypes constituent ratio.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunophenotyping and NPM1 gene mutation type-A, B and D and other leukemic related fusion genes were detected by multiparameter flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR or PCR, respectively. 104 AML patients with NPM1m(+)AML and performed immunophenotyping assay were included, 97 with NPM1m(-)AML.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant difference between the two groups at presentation in terms of sex, white blood count(WBC), platelet counts (PLT), blast ratio, normal karyotype ratio, WT1 expression level, FLT3-ITD mutation positive rate and remission rate of first course of induction therapy (P < 0.05). On the immunophenotype, the expression of early differentiation antigens (CD34, HLA-DR, CD117, CD38), lymphocytic antigens (CD7, CD4, CD19, CD2), myeloid and monocytic differentiation-associated antigens (CD13, CD14, CD15) were lower, and that of CD33 as well as CD123 were higher in NPM1m(+)AML patients. Among them, only CD34, HLA-DR, CD7, and CD4 positive cases were significantly lower in NPM1m(+)AML group than in NPM1m(-)AML group (P < 0.05), the rest of them had significant difference in the number of positive cells (P < 0.05). Above features were further analyzed between the M1/M2 and M4/M5 subgroups. M1/M2 cases retained the women prominent and had a higher WT1 expression level (P < 0.05). The expression of monocytic differentiation-associated antigens including HLA-DR and lymphocytic antigens were higher and that of CD117 were lower in M4/M5 subtype (P < 0.05). Among them, the positive rates of HLA-DR, CD64, CD11b, CD10, CD15, and CD4 were significantly higher in M4/M5 than in M1/M2 in NPM1m(+)AML group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The most clinical characteristics in NPM1m(+)AML patients are consistent with reports, but some immunophenotype are different to the previous reports under similar FAB subtypes constituent ratio. The major immunophenotypic features of NPM1m(+)AML patients are lower expression of progenitor, myeloid and lymphoid lineage antigens. Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens are only higher expression in M4/M5 cases when comparison with M1/M2 cases within NPM1m(+)AML group.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , HLA-DR Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1385-1389, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265008

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to compare the immunophenotypic and clinical characteristics of NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia with a normal karyotype under the similar constituent ratio of FAB subtypes. Immunophenotyping and NPM1 gene mutation type-A,B and D and other leukemic related fusion genes were detected by multiparameter flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR or PCR, respectively. 77 AML patients with a normal karyotype (NK) and mutated NPM1 gene (NPM1m(+)AML) detected by immunophenotyping assay were included in this study. 55 cases without NPM1 mutation (NPM1m(-)AML) and with normal karyotype were served as negative control. The results showed that there was significant difference between NPM1m(+)AML and NPM1m(-)AML in terms of sex, white blood count, platelet counts, blast, WT1 expression level, FLT3-ITD mutation positive rate and response to treatment. The characteristic immunophenotype is lower expression of early differentiation-associated antigens (CD34, HLA-DR, CD117, CD38), lymphocytic antigens (CD7, CD4, CD19, CD2) and higher expression of CD33 and CD123 (P < 0.05). When above features was further analyzed between the M1/2 and M4/5 subgroups in NPM1m(+)AML patients, the M1/2 cases retained a higher frequency in women and a higher WT1 expression level (P < 0.05) . Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens including HLA-DR and lymphocytic antigens CD7 were higher expressed and CD117 was lower expressed in M4/5 subgroup (P < 0.05). It is concluded that under condition of similar constituent ratio of M1/2 and M4/5 subtype and normal karyotype, NPM1m(+)AML patients have higher WT1 expression level and better response to treatment. The major immunophenotype features of NPM1m(+)AML patients are lower expression of early differentiation antigens and lymphoid lineage antigens and higher expression of CD33 and CD123. Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens only higher are expressed in M4/5 cases when compared with M1/2 cases within NPM1m(+) AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 87-94, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325206

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and laboratorial characteristics of splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) with an abnormal complete blood count (CBC). Data of 19 newly diagnosed SMZL patients with abnormal CBC were analyzed retrospectively. Seven patients were diagnosed by using splenic histology, 12 patients who did not undergo splenectomy were diagnosed on the basis of typical clinical presentation and cytologic, immunophenotypic and histologic characteristics of peripheral blood and bone marrow, according to SBLG guidelines. The results showed that leukocytosis (≥ 10.0×10(9)/L) was seen in 5 cases (26.3%); leukocytopenia (< 4.0×10(9)/L) was found in 6 cases (31.6%), hemoglobin concentration less than 120 g/L was found in 14 cases (73.7%) and thrombocytopenia was found in 11 (57.9%) patients. Fourteen (73.7%) patients had cytopenia in one or more lineage. As a specific morphologic character, villous lymphocytes were found in 10 (52.6%) patients. Similar immunophenotype was determined by histology in both bone marrow and spleen. Various histological infiltration patterns including intrasinusoidal pattern were found in bone marrow. Nine out of 16 (56.3%) patients displayed an increase of serum monoclonal immunoglobin. Autoimmune phenomena was found in 12 out of 15 (80.0%) patients. Splenectomy, as the only treatment could not achieve a ≥ 50% improvement of CBC in 4 patients, and then was judged as no response. Splenectomy followed by chemotherapy achieved partial response (PR) in 1 patient. Overall response rate of the therapeutic strategies with Rituximab was 100.0% (11/11). Furthermore, complete response was achieved in 9 out of 11 (81.8%) patients. It is concluded that SMZL with abnormal CBC has a higher incidence of cytopenia, bone marrow involvement and autoimmune phenomena. Therapeutic strategies consisting of Rituximab show a better efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Cell Count , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Bone Marrow Examination , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Blood , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Splenic Neoplasms , Blood , Pathology
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 785-790, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284034

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are myeloid neoplasms characterized by dysplasia in one or more linages of cells and increased risk of development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Along with the deeply understanding of myelodysplastic syndrome, the diagnosis standards of this disease experienced a leap in essence: from a single standard of morphological test in FAB to multiple detecting means in WHO standard of 2008, flow cytometry has been proposed as an adjunctive diagnostic test in the 2007 Vienna standards and the 2008 WHO standards. Recently, A heterogeneous spectrum of immunophenotypic abnormalities have been reported in MDS, and some of which are of great significance to the diagnosis, classification, prognosis assessment, and treatment of the disease. In the year of 2003, a flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) was built to evaluate the prognosis of MDS patients, which was able to qualify the phenotypic aberrancies in the myelomonocytic, erythroid, and megakaryocytic lineage. It filled the gap of the international prognostic scoring system (IPSS) and the WHO classification-based prognostic scoring system (WPSS), and was of great value to the clinical diagnosis and treatment of MDS. In this article, the value of MDS immunophenotyping in diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of MDS is reviewed in term of MDS immunophenotypic abnormalities and flow cytometric scoring system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Classification , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Prognosis
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 872-878, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284017

ABSTRACT

The early molecular kinetics during all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic-based induction therapy and its prognostic value for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) remain unclear. This study was purposed to investigate the molecular and cytogenetic kinetics and its clinical significance in treatment of APL with ATRA plus arsenic-based induction. The molecular and cytogenetic kinetics was assessed by real-time quantitative RT-PCR and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 32 newly diagnosed APL patients. The results showed that the median PML-RARα transcript levels (PML-RARα/ABL) were very significantly up-regulated at 14 days of induction therapy compared with that of pre-treatment (40.10% vs 57.74%, P < 0.01), and then decreased at 28 days of induction therapy and at the end of consolidation therapy (6.97% and 0%), respectively. The total of 65.62% and 31.25% patients showed up-regulation of PML-RARα transcript at 14 and 28 days after induction, as compared with pretreatment. The PML-RARα copies per APL cell before treatment, and at 14 and 28 days after induction were calculated as 0.9, 2.2, 1.4 by the formula of PML-RARA/ABL(%)×2/APL cells (%). With the median follow-up time of 22 months, 32 patients were still in continuous clinical remission and no molecular relapse occurred. Up-regulation of PML-RARa expression during the induction had no effect on outcomes of APL patients. It is concluded that up-regulation of PML-RARa expression is a common event during induction therapy with ATRA plus arsenics. Up-regulation of PML-RARa expression during induction therapy hasn't influenced the long-term prognosis of APL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Arsenicals , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Metabolism , Prognosis , Tretinoin , Up-Regulation
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 762-768, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263307

ABSTRACT

In order to study human acute B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) in vivo, a novel xenotransplant model was established by using neonatal NOD/SCID/IL2 receptor γ chain(null) mouse. The CD34(+)CD19(+) bone marrow (BM) cells were sorted from the CD3(-)CD4(-)CD8(-) fraction of B-ALL patients by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), and injected into 100 cGy irradiated neonatal NOD/SCID/IL2rγ(null) mice through facial vein. The engraftment and proliferation of human B-ALL cells were monitored by the presence of human CD45(+)CD19(+) cells in peripheral blood (PB). Human hematopoietic chimerism in PB, BM and spleen of the recipients was examined by multiparameter flow cytometry. Morphological analyses of FACS-sorted murine marrow cells were performed by using May-Grunwald-Giemsa staining. Furthermore, leukemia cell infiltration in the organs was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The results indicated that the sorted CD34(+)CD19(+) cells were able to initiate human B-ALL in vivo. The percentages of human CD45(+)CD19(+) cells in PB, BM and spleen of the recipient mice were (83.36 ± 10.05)%, (93.88 ± 5.05)% and (88.31 ± 5.01)%, respectively. Furthermore, the phenotype and morphology of the engrafted human cells were resemble to the original B-ALL cells from the patients. Similar to the clinical features, transplanted leukemic cells infiltrated into the organs, such as liver, lung, kidney and brain in the recipients. It is concluded that neonatal NOD/SCID/IL2rγ(null) mice can support efficient engraftment of the sorted CD34(+)CD19(+) cells from human B-ALL for a long-term period. Human-mouse xenotransplant model using neonatal NOD/SCID/IL2rγ(null) mouse may provide an important system to study the biology of human B-ALL in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Animals, Newborn , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Allergy and Immunology , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Neoplasm Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 801-805, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263299

ABSTRACT

This study was purpose to investigate the biological characteristics of B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) between CD34 positive CD38 positive (CD34(+)CD38(+)) and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroups and their clinical significance. Immunophenotyping of B cells in bone marrow of 54 patients with newly diagnosed CD34(+)B-ALL were analyzed by 4 color multiparametric flow cytometry (FCM). According to the different expression of CD38, the newly diagnosed patients with B-ALL were divided into two groups: CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup. BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 fusion genes and WT1 gene were detected by real time RT-PCR simultaneously. After chemotherapy, minimal residual disease (MRD) was monitored by one tube of 7 color FCM. The average follow-up time was 12 months (range 1 - 28), the average follow-up interval was 2 months (range 1 - 5). The results showed that there was no significant differences such as WBC, Plt count and Hb level between the two groups at diagnosis, the positive rate of BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 and WT1 gene was also no significantly different. After clinical complete remission (CR), MRD positive (MDR(+)) case rates were 28.57% (10/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and 68.42% (13/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup (P < 0.01). The relapse rate between the two groups was 5.71% (2/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup (relapse time at 94 and 245 d respectively) and 36.84% (7/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group [median relapse time was 263 d (range 46 - 468), P < 0.01]. The age distribution was analyzed in these two subgroups (> 16 or ≤ 16 years old), there was 8 (8/35) adult patients (> 16 years old) in CD34(+)CD38(+)group and 10 (10/19) adult patients in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that CD34(+)CD38(low/-) phenotype is more often presented in adult patients and the CD34(+)CD38(low/-) patients with B-ALL are more likely to have MRD(+)and relapse after treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, CD34 , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, B-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Neoplasm, Residual , Allergy and Immunology
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