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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 536-538, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262576

ABSTRACT

Stercoral perforation of the colon is an unusual pathological condition with fewer than 150 cases reported in the literature to date. We present a case of stercoral colonic perforation mimicking upper gastrointestinal perforation, which was diagnosed by computed tomography preoperatively. However, at laparotomy, stercoral colonic diverticulum perforation with jejunal diverticulitis became the most appropriate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Colonic Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Diverticulitis , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Diverticulum, Colon , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Humans , Intestinal Perforation , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Jejunal Diseases , Diagnosis , Male , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 902-905, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277645

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of protein kinase C (PKC)/transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta1) pathway on activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HSC rHSC-99 cell line was used in three groups in this study. Group A served as a control. In group B the HSC were incubated with PKC agonist PMA (0.5 micromol/L), and in group C the cells were incubated with PKC inhibitor calphostin C (100 nmol/L). The PKC activities were detected at different incubation time points (0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h). Western blot and RT-PCR were used to detect the expression of TGF beta1, Smad 4, collagen type I, III and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) at the 24 h point. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT colorimetric assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PMA increased the activity of PKC significantly, whereas calphostin C inhibited the activity of PKC. The increased activity of PKC promoted the HSC to express TGF beta1, Smad 4, collagen type I, III and alpha-SMA. In comparison with the controls, the expressions of TGF beta1, Smad 4, collagen type I, III and alpha-SMA increased 4.8, 13.1, 2.4, 1.8 and 1.3 fold respectively (P < 0.01). PKC promoted the proliferation of HSC. The above effects were inhibited by the inhibition of PKC activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Changing of PKC activity can regulate and control the expression of TGF beta1, which may play a role in regulating the activation of HSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Protein Kinase C , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 425-427, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348784

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the effect of interlukin-10 (IL-10) on expression and secretion of collagen I, IV in rat's hepatic stellate cells (HSC) of livers injured by CCl4.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The adenovirus vector encoded IL-10 gene was used to transfect rats with liver injury via the caudal veins. HSC were isolated and purified from the rat livers by collagenase IV perfusion and density gradient centrifugation with Nycodenz. The expression of collagen I, IV mRNA in HSC was detected by semi-quantitative RT-PCR method and the secretion of collagen I, IV in culture serum of HSC by ELISA method. The quantity of collagen was measured in the van Gieson stained histological liver preparations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression and secretion of collagen I, IV in the adenovirus vector encoding IL-10 gene group were significantly lower than those in the adenovirus vector without IL-10 gene group and the control group (P < 0.05). The quantity of collagen in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IL-10 can inhibit collagen I, IV expression and secretion in rat HSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Genetics , Collagen Type IV , Genetics , Hepatocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Interleukin-10 , Pharmacology , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 282-286, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of interleukin-10 (IL-10) on the expression of transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGFbeta(1)) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in hepatic stellate cells (HSC) during liver injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The adenovirus vector (the titer was 1 x 10(7) efu/ml) encoded IL-10 gene was used to transfect the rat via the vein of caudal. At the same time, CCl(4) was injected into rat by a hypodermic injection. These processes went on twice a week. After eight weeks, the liver were perfused with collagenase IV and purified by density gradient centrifugation with Nycodenz for separate HSC. The level of IL-10 was measured by ELISA method; The expression of PDGF and TGFbeta(1) in HSC was detected by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western-blot methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of IL-10 in therapy group (adenovirus vector encoding IL-10 gene group) was higher than that in non-therapy group (adenovirus vector without IL-10 gene and PBS group); The expression of TGFbeta(1) mRNA, TGFbeta(1) protein and PDGF mRNA, PDGF protein in therapy group were significantly lower than that in non-therapy group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Downregulating the TGFbeta(1) and PDGF expression could be the passageway by which IL-10 alleviate the degree of proliferation and activation in hepatic stellate cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Down-Regulation , Genetic Therapy , Hepatocytes , Physiology , Interleukin-10 , Pharmacology , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Male , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stromal Cells , Physiology , Transfection , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
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