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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828387

ABSTRACT

The coordination and unification of Yin and Yang are the basis of normal human life activities. Along with the age growth and aging of the body, women will suffer from menopausal syndrome during menopause. In addition to the significant changes in the genital system, there are also pathological manifestations in estrogen target points including bone, nerve and cardiovascular systems, due to the imbalance of Yin and Yang. Besides the insufficiency of estrogen, the main cause of menopausal syndrome is the changes in the response of target organs to estrogen. In other words, the biological effects mediated by estrogen receptor(ER) alpha and beta subtypes in target cells are often different or even opposite; the changes of expression level and ratio of ERα and ERβ are also important causes for the abnormal estrogenic effects in target organs and the imbalance of Yin and Yang of the body. Therefore, on one hand, the therapeutic mechanism of drugs is ER-mediated estrogenic effect. On the other hand, the drugs have a regulatory effect on ER subtype expression in target cells and Yin-Yang state in target organs and even organisms, so as to cause further changes in the response of target cells to estrogen or estrogenic components, and exert its therapeutic effects. This paper reviews the pharmacological mechanism of gynecological traditional Chinese medicine in harmonizing Yin and Yang in estrogen-positive target cells and the clinical efficacy in the following aspects, including estrogen and its mechanism, the estrogenic effect of ER in traditional Chinese medicine and the mechanism of ER subtype in balancing Yin and Yang and mediating and regulating the main target tissues in menopausal syndrome treatment.


Subject(s)
Estrogen Receptor alpha , Estrogen Receptor beta , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Yin-Yang
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 898-906, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821681

ABSTRACT

Stroke has been harmful to human health for a long time, and there is no satisfactory treatment strategy because of its complex pathogenesis. Taohechengqi decoction has been effective in the treatment of stroke. In this study, the components were collected by TCMSP, TCMIP, BATMAN-TCM and TCMID databases, the targets were predicted and screened by PharmMapper and BATMAN-TCM databases, and the functional enrichment analysis of the targets was carried out by using R language package clusterProfiler. Finally, the key targets are verified by GEO database and molecular docking. The results showed that 51 active components of Taohechengqi decoction may regulate 15 key targets such as nitric oxide synthase, endothelial (NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), affecting vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and other pathways to play a role in the prevention of stroke, affecting tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway and other pathways to play a role in the treatment of stroke. GEO data analysis showed that androgen receptor (AR), caspase-8 (CASP8), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), interleukin-1 beta (IL1B), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14), MMP9, myeloperoxidase (MPO), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), PTGS2 and cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) were up-regulated genes, while serum albumin (ALB), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), NOS3, transcription factor p65 (RELA) and proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (SRC) were down-regulated genes. GEO analysis explained that Taohechengqi decoction may prevent stroke by down-regulating ESR1, NOS3, and treat stroke by up-regulating ICAM1, IL1B, MAPK14, MMP9, PPARG, PTGS2, TP53, and down-regulating RELA and SRC. The study found that in the process of prevention and treatment of stroke, Taohechengqi decoction played a two-way regulation role through multi-genes and multiple ways, which provided a new strategy for the treatment of stroke.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777912

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of hepatitis B virus infection, intrahepatic cholestasis during pregnancy on the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and low birth weight (LBW), and analyze the interaction effect. Methods The study was conducted from Jan 2017 to Apr 2018 at the Gansu Provincial Maternity and Child Care Hospital in Lanzhou, China. The peripheral blood hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and total bile acids of pregnant women were determined by chemiluminescence method, unconditional Logistic regression models were used to estimate association between hepatitis B virus infection, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and the risk of neonate outcomes. Results After adjusting for confounding factors, compared to normal pregnant women, HBV infection alone or ICP alone during pregnancy did not increase the risk of SGA or LBW. The increased risk of born before term SGA (OR=1.76, 95% CI:1.16-2.65, P=0.007) and LBW infants (OR=1.85, 95%CI:1.44-2.38, P<0.001) were observed in pregnant women with HBV infection and ICP, the additive and multiplicative interaction were also observed for before term SGA [RERI (95% CI) =6.54(0.14-12.94), AP (95% CI) =0.90%(0.68%-1.13%), S (95% CI)=7.03(1.38-42.64)] and LBW [RERI (95% CI) =5.69(0.48-10.90), AP (95% CI) =0.76%(0.55%-0.97%), S (95% CI)=8.02(1.92-33.43)]. Conclusions Our results suggest that pregnancy HBV infection combined with ICP increase the risk of SGA and LBW infants. These two risk factors had a synergistic effect.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the curative effect of progressively integrated sandplay therapy on core symptoms and sleep management in preschool children with mild-to-moderate autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 50 mild-to-moderate ASD preschool children were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=25) and a control group (n=25). The control group was treated with structured teaching and auditory integration training (AIT). Based on these, the experimental group was treated with progressively integrated sandplay therapy. The Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Children Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), Children's Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ) and emotion recognition tools were used to evaluate the overall curative effect before treatment and 3 months after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The experimental group had significantly lower scores of feeling, social interaction, somatic motor, language factor, total ABC and total CARS than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had also significantly lower scores of social cognition, social communication, social motivation, autistic behavior factor and total SRS than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had a significantly higher accurate rate of recognition of the upper facial expression and lower facial expression than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had significantly lower scores of bedtime resistance, sleep onset, sleep duration, night waking, daytime sleepiness, and total CSHQ than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had significantly reduced themes of wounding and significantly increased themes of healing after sandplay therapy (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Progressively integrated sandplay therapy can effectively improve the core symptoms and sleep quality of preschool children with mild-to-moderate ASD, which can be used as an early rehabilitation measure.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child, Preschool , Facial Expression , Humans , Play Therapy , Social Behavior
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of psychological and behavioral intervention combined with biofeedback in the treatment of preschool children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).@*METHODS@#Sixty children each with inattentive, hyperactive/impulsive or combined type ADHD were enrolled. According to the intervention measure, they were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, psychological and behavioral intervention, biofeedback treatment and comprehensive treatment (psychological and behavioral intervention + biofeedback). Attention concentration time and impulse/hyperactivity and hyperactivity index scores of the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ) were evaluated after 4 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The attention concentration time increased in all types children with ADHD after psychological and behavioral intervention, biofeedback treatment or comprehensive treatment (P<0.05). In children with inattentive ADHD, hyperactive/impulsive ADHD or combined-type ADHD, biofeedback or comprehensive treatment reduced the impulse/hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). In children with inattentive or combined-type ADHD, psychological and behavioral intervention or comprehensive treatment reduced the hyperactivity index score (P<0.05). In children with hyperactive/impulsive ADHD, biofeedback treatment, psychological and behavioral intervention or comprehensive treatment reduced the hyperactivity index score (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with ADHD, psychological and behavioral intervention combined with biofeedback treatment can improve the attention concentration and impulsive/hyperactive and hyperactive symptoms. The treatment strategies are slightly different for children with different types of ADHD.


Subject(s)
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Biofeedback, Psychology , Child, Preschool , Humans , Parents , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of integrated sandplay therapy in preschool children with Asperger syndrome (AS).@*METHODS@#A total of 44 preschool children with AS were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, with 22 children in each group. The children in the control group were given routine training, and those in the experimental group were given integrated sandplay therapy in addition to the routine training. The treatment response was assess by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), emotional recognition tools and changes in sandplay theme characteristics after 6 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the total score of SRS, the score of each factor of SRS, and correct rates of facial expression recognition of the upright position, inverted position, upper face and lower face (P>0.05). After 6 months of intervention, both groups had significant reductions in the total score of SRS and the score of each factor of SRS (P<0.01); the control group had significant increases in the correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions except the upright position (P<0.05), while the experimental group had significant increases in the correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions (P<0.05). Compared with the control group after intervention, the experimental group had significantly lower total score of SRS and scores of all factors of SRS except social perception (P<0.01) and significantly higher correct rates of facial expression recognition of all positions (P<0.01). The experimental group had a significant change in the number of sandplay theme characteristics after intervention (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Integrated sandplay therapy can improve social responsiveness and emotion recognition ability in preschool children with AS.


Subject(s)
Asperger Syndrome , Child, Preschool , Emotions , Facial Expression , Humans , Play Therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical efficacy of interactive group sandplay versus individual sandplay in the treatment of preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 80 ASD children, aged 4-6 years, were enrolled and randomly divided into experimental and control groups, with 40 children in each group. The children in the experimental group joined group sandplay with normal children at a ratio of 1: 3, and those in the control group were treated with individual sandplay. The Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) and Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) were used to evaluate the treatment outcome after three months of intervention.@*RESULTS@#There were 33 children in the experimental group and 28 in the control group. After three months of intervention, the experimental group had significant reductions in the scores of irritability, social withdrawal, and stereotypic behavior and the total score of the ABC scale (P<0.05), and the control group had significant reductions in the scores of behavior and inappropriate speech and the total score of the ABC scale (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly greater improvements in the score of social withdrawal and the total score of the ABC scale after three months of intervention (P<0.05). After three months of intervention, the experimental group had significant reductions in the scores of sociability, sensory and cognitive awareness, and physical/health behavior and the total score of the ATEC scale (P<0.05), and the control group had significant reductions in the scores of speech, sociability, and physical/health behavior and the total score of the ATEC scale (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly greater improvements in the scores of speech, sociability, and sensory and cognitive awareness and the total score of the ATEC scale after intervention (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the experimental group also had significantly greater improvements in eye contact and sand stereotyped arrangement (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both interactive group sandplay and individual sandplay are effective in the treatment of ASD in preschool children. Interactive group sandplay is better than individual sandplay in the treatment of ASD, with significant improvements in sociability, emotion and stereotypic behavior.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Emotions , Humans , Play Therapy , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775949

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common clinical disease that seriously threatens human health and life. Accurate location of the upper airway obstruction is the key to the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS. Acoustic pharyngometry uses sound reflection to quickly assess the cross-sectional area and volume of the upper airway. Acoustic pharyngometry represents a simple, quick, non-invasive method for measuring upper airway dimensions which could predict sleep apnea risk. In this article we sought to introduce the application of acoustic pharyngometry in the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Humans , Larynx , Pharynx , Diagnostic Imaging , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Syndrome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311359

ABSTRACT

Nosocomial infections (NIs) are a critical issue affecting the quality of healthcare. In this study, we performed a retrospective study to explore the incidence rates, mortality rates, and microbial spectrum of NIs in Beijing Chest Hospital, a tuberculosis (TB) specialized hospital in China. Our data demonstrate that the overall incidence rate of inpatients with NIs slightly decreased from 2012 to 2016, which may be associated with the implementation of hand hygiene measures, while the mortality rates associated with NI did not significantly change. In addition, the species distribution of NIs was quite different from that presented in previous reports, and Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most frequently isolated microorganism.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Classification , Beijing , Cross Infection , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Mortality , Hospitals, Chronic Disease , Humans , Infection Control , Population Surveillance , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis , Epidemiology , Therapeutics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663476

ABSTRACT

In recent years, micro/nano-scaled separation technique has attracted increasing attention due to its inherent advantages. The porous layer open tubular ( PLOT) capillary column is an important microcolumn form. Comparied to wide-bore PLOT capillary columns ( inner diameter >25 μm ) , the PLOT capillary columns with a narrow inner diameter yield higher separation efficiency and lower reagent consumption. In this paper, the preparation methods for porous layer open tubular capillary columns with narrow inner diameter, less than or equal to 25 μm, are reviewed. Detection techniques combined with mass spectrometry and their applications in liquid chromatography are also disussed.

11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 402-408, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297555

ABSTRACT

This project was designed to investigate the role of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the diabetic renal injury by observing the expression of ACE2 in the kidney and the level of angiotensin II (AngII) in the circulatory system and kidney tissue of rats with diabetes. SD rats were randomly divided into control group and diabetes group. Diabetic nephropathy model was established by i.p. injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The rats were sacrificed separately on the 15th or 30th day after STZ injection. Biochemical parameters including blood glucose and renal function were examined. The expression of ACE2 in the kidney was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot. The contents of AngII in plasma and kidney were detected by radioimmunoassay. The results are as follows: (1) 48-72 h after STZ injection, the rats showed polyuria, polydipsia and their activity reduced. (2) Blood glucose levels were 4.9-6.5 mmol/L in the control rats, 14.0-17.5 mmol/L in the diabetes group rats on the 15th day, and higher than 24 mmol/L in the diabetes group rats on the 30th day; (3) There was a significant increase of urine glucose level (P < 0.05), and a slight but not significant increase of urine protein level (P > 0.05) in the diabetes group on the 15th day; On the 30th day, the levels of urine glucose and urine protein were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.01); (4) Compared with the control group, the expression of ACE2 mRNA was slightly increased (P > 0.05), and the expression of ACE2 protein was significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the rats of diabetic model group on the 15th day; however, on the 30th day, ACE2 mRNA expression in the rats of diabetic model group was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05), and the expression of ACE2 protein was slightly lower than the control group (P = 0.0718). (5) Compared with the control group, the levels of AngII in plasma and kidney of the diabetic rats increased slightly on the 15th day (P > 0.05); while the AngII levels in diabetic model group rats were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that in control rats on the 30th day. These results suggest that ACE2 plays a positive role in the protection against the pathogenesis of early renal damage. ACE2 expression is reduced gradually with the deepened degree of diabetic kidney damage, leading to the accumulation of AngII in the kidney, thereby increasing the renal injury.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Blood , Metabolism , Animals , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetic Nephropathies , Kidney , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 118-123, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354760

ABSTRACT

To reveal the genomic sequence characteristics of coxsackievirus A16 (CoxA16) strain isolated from patients with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Henan province. A total of 406 samples were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cell-culture-based isolation of coxsackievirus A16. The whole genome of CoxA16 isolate was amplified using 10 pairs of primers, the sequences were analyzed and phylogenetic tree was generated by bioinformatics software. The full length of HN1162/HN/CHN/2010 genome was 7411bp. Compared with the other CoxA16 strains released in GenBank, the nucleotide similarities were 87.0-97.9%, 77.0%-95.4%, 80.3%-96.9%, 77.9% 96.2%, 80.5-100% in 5'UTR, P1, P2, P3, 3'UTR region, respectively; The similarities of nucleotide and amino acid sequences in VP1 region were 91.4%-96.4% and 99.3%-99.7%, respectively. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that CoxA16 strains isolated from Henan, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Fujian belonged to the same cluster. The newly isolated CoxA16 from Henan province belonged to subgenotype C2/B-2. These results will have great significance in monitoring CoxA16 and for prevention and control of hand-foot-mouth disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Female , Genomics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3671-3676, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336565

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Enhanced and prolonged expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is associated with kidney fibrosis. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is involved in the genesis of disturbed calcium/phosphate metabolism and ostitis fibrosa in renal failure. PTH activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is present in renal tubular cells. The aim of this study was to identify the mechanism how the signal is transduced to result in extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) activation, leading to upregulation of CTGF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The levels of CTGF mRNA and protein in human kidney proximal tubular cells (HK-2) treated with PTH in the presence or absence of the MAPK inhibitor PD98059 were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunoblotting assay. The activation of the CTGF promoter in HK-2 cells was determined by the dual-luciferase assay. The effects of the protein kinase A (PKA) activator 8-Br-cAMP and protein kinase C (PKC) activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on MAPK phosphorylation, and the effects of the PKA inhibitor H89 and PKC inhibitor calphostin C on MAPK phosphorylation and CTGF expression were detected by immunoblotting assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PD98059 inhibited the PTH stimulated expression of CTGF, which strongly suggested that the MAPK signaling pathway plays an important role in the PTH-induced CTGF upregulation in renal tubular cells. A PKA activator as well as PKC activators induced MAPK phosphorylation, and both PKA and PKC inhibitors antagonized PTH-induced MAPK phosphorylation and CTGF expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CTGF expression is upregulated by PTH through a PKC/PKA-ERK-dependent pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Genetics , Physiology , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Physiology , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Physiology , Fibrosis , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Metabolism , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Physiology , Parathyroid Hormone , Pharmacology , Phosphorylation , Protein Kinase C , Physiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 211-214, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257414

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of arginine enriched enteral nutrition (EN) on nutritional status and cellular immunity of severely burned patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized, single blind, parallel and positive control investigation was employed in the study. Thirty severely burned patients were divided into enteral immune nutrition (EIN) group and EN group. Sixteen patients in EIN group received enteral nutrition enriched with arginine, while the other 14 patients in EN group received standard enteral nutrition. Nutritional support was continued for 14 days. Gastrointestinal reaction of patients in 2 groups was observed. Fasting venous blood was drawn from patients of both groups before receiving nutrition treatment and on the morning of 7th, 14th day of treatment. Level of serum protein, hepatic function parameters, renal function parameters, fasting-blood glucose, and subpopulations of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Incidence of gastrointestinal side effect in EIN group (25.0%) was close to that of EN group (21.4% , P > 0.05). (2) Compared with pre-treatment days, levels of prealbumin and transferrin in serum of patients in 2 groups on 7th and 14th post-treatment days were significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference between 2 groups. The level of total serum protein on 14th day of treatment of patients was significantly increased in both groups, and that of EIN group (66 +/- 7 g/L) was significantly higher compared with that in EN group (64 +/- 11 g/L, P < 0.05). The level of serum albumin (29 +/- 5, 32 +/- 5 g/L, respectively) of patients in EIN group on 7th and 14th day of treatment were significantly higher than that (26 +/- 4 g/L, P < 0.05) in pre-treatment days, however there was no significant difference in EN group. (3) There was no significant difference in respect of hepatic function, renal function, and fasting-blood glucose between pre-treatment and post-treatment periods in both groups (P > 0.05). (4) The ratio of CD4(+), CD8(+) on 14th day of treatment in EIN group was close to that of pretreatment level. In EN group, cell percentage of CD4(+) significantly decreased, while that of CD8(+) significantly increased (P < 0.05), and CD4(+) was significantly higher [(56 +/- 8)%] in EIN group than that in EN group [(55 +/- 12)%, P < 0.05]. In both groups, cell percentage of CD3(+) was significantly higher than that in pre-treatment days (P < 0.05), while there was no obvious change in CD4(+)/CD8(+).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Arginine enriched enteral nutrition can effectively improve nutritional status and cellular immune function of burn patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arginine , Burns , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Enteral Nutrition , Methods , Female , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309363

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship among expression of heparanase (HPSE), the clinical and pathologic characteristics of squamous carcinoma on head and neck and the patients' prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-two cases of postoperative tumor specimens were verified by immunohistochemistry S-P method and computer-assisted image analysis method was used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of HPSE in normal epithelium mucosae of head and neck was negative or very weak; in tumor tissue was positive, mainly in cytoplasm and the positive rate was 69.3%. The expression of HPSE hadn't significant difference with the age of patients and pathologic grades of tumors (chi2 = 0.05, chi2 = 3.84, P > 0.05), but had it with clinical stages and metastatic lymph node lesions (chi2 = 3.96, chi2 = 8.06, P < 0.05). The relationship between expression of HPSE in primary tumors and that in metastatic lymph node lesions showed significantly positive correlation (r = 0.9162, P = 0.001). Both HPSE and TNM clinical stage of tumor had significant correlation with the prognosis of patients respectively (P < 0.05). Calculated by Kaplan-Meier method, the accumulative survival rate of 3 years in positive HPSE expression group (25.9%) was much lower than that in negative group (72.7%), there was a significant difference between them by Log-Rank test (chi2 = 11.607, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of HPSE is significantly increased in squamous carcinomas of head and neck, mainly expressed in cytoplasm. The expression of HPSE has a close relationship with clinical stages and lymph node metastasis of squamous carcinoma on head and neck. The higher the clinical stage, the more manifest the expression of HPSE. The expression of HPSE and TNM clinical stage of tumor are independent factors affecting prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Glucuronidase , Metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 23-28, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316765

ABSTRACT

To explore the effects of 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12-EET) preconditioning and postconditioning on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats, the IR injury model was built by stopping perfusion for 40 min followed by reperfusion for 30 min, and the changes of mitochondrial functions, myocardial metabolism and function were measured. Langendorff-perfused isolated rat hearts were divided into 4 groups: control group, persistently perfused with Krebs-Henseleit (K-H) fluid for 100 min; IR group, stopped perfusion for 40 min followed by reperfusion for 30 min; Pre-EET group, preconditioned with 6.24×10(-9) mol/L 11,12-EET for 5 min twice before subjected to ischemia; Post-EET group, postconditioned with 6.24×10(-9) mol/L 11,12-EET for 30 s twice before reperfusion. The computer-based electrophysiological recording system was used to measure the changes of maximal rate of the pressure increase in contract phase (+dp/dt(max)), maximal rate of the pressure decrease in diastole phase of heart (-dp/dt(max)), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and difference of left ventricular pressure (DLVP). The activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in effluent, Ca(2+)-ATPase, Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) in mitochondria were measured with colorimetry method; superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was measured with hydroxylamine method and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in myocardial tissues was measured with TBA method. The results showed that: (1) Compared with that in the control group, the myocardial functions, the values of SOD, SDH and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were decreased in IR group (P<0.05); the values of LDH, MDA and Ca(2+)-ATPase were increased (P<0.05) in IR group. (2) Compared with that in IR group, the values of SDH and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were increased (P<0.05) and the value of Ca(2+)-ATPase was decreased (P<0.05) in both Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. But no significant differences were detected between Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. (3) Compared with IR treatment, both 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning caused significant decreases in MDA content and leakage of LDH, amendment of heart functions and increases in SOD activity (P<0.05). But there were no significant differences between 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning. These results indicate that 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning can protect myocardium from IR injury by improving mitochondrial functions, up-regulating the activities of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and SDH, and down-regulating the activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in mitochondria. Moreover, 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning also elevate the activity of SOD and reduce the content of MDA, suggesting that 11,12-EET can depress the oxidative stress in IR rat heart.


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Heart , Ischemic Postconditioning , Ischemic Preconditioning , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism , Succinate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 406-408, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347666

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of glutamine enriched enteral feeding on immunoregulation in burn patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty burn patients were randomly divided into enteral nutrition (EN) group and enteral immune nutrition (EIN) group, with 12 patients in each group. Patients in EN group received a standard enteral formula, while those in EIN group received an enteral formula enriched with glutamine after hospital admission. Nutritional support was continued for 10 days. Blood samples were obtained to determine plasma level of total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB) and transferrin (TF) at 1, 4, 7, 10 post-burn days (PBD). At the same time the concentration of immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG and IgM) were determined, the percentage of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ subpopulations of T lymphocytes, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ were determined by FCM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There were no obvious difference of the plasma level of TP, ALB, TF, CD3+, IgM between the two groups at each time-point (P > 0.05). (2) The plasma PAB contents in EIN group were significant higher than that in EN group on 4 PBD [(90 +/- 14 vs 60 +/- 15) mg/L, P < 0.05], 7 PBD [(92 +/- 16 vs 64 +/- 13) mg/L, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [(106 +/- 21 vs 72 +/-16) mg/L, P < 0.05]. (3) The percentage of CD4+ subpopulation and ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in EIN group were obviously higher than those in EN group on 7 PBD [CD4+ (55 +/- 5 vs 45 +/- 5)%, CD4+/CD8+ (1.92 +/- 0.31 vs 1.53 +/- 0.27)%, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [CD4+ (56 +/- 5 vs 49 +/- 5)%, CD4+/CD8+ (2.36 +/- 0.36 vs 1.72 +/- 0.42), P < 0.05]. (4) The concentration of IgA and IgG in EIN group were markedly higher than that in EN group on 7 PBD [IgA (2.8 +/- 0.6 vs 2.2 +/- 0.5) g/L, IgG (12.1 +/- 1.3 vs 9.8 +/- 1.2) g/L, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [IgA (3.1 +/- 0.6 vs 2.5 +/- 0.5) g/L, IgG (14.2 +/- 1.3 vs 10.4 +/- 1.3) g/L, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggest that glutamine enriched enteral feeding can improve nutritional status by promoting the synthesis of IgA, IgG, and increasing the PAB concentration, and corrected immunologic dysfunction in burn patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Burns , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Enteral Nutrition , Female , Glutamine , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Male , Middle Aged , Prealbumin , Metabolism , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11, 12-EET) preconditioning and postconditioning on Ca(2+)-handling proteins in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and reveal the effects and mechanism of 11, 12-EET on cardioprotection. METHODS The IR injury model was built by stopping perfusion for 40 minutes followed by reperfusion for 30 minutes. The isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were divided into 4 groups: control group, IR group, EET preconditioning (Pre-EET) group and EET postconditioning (Post-EET) group. The computer-based electrophysiological recorder system was used to measure the changes of the maximal rate of pressure increased in the contraction phase (+dp/dt(max)), the maximal rate of pressure decreased in the diastole phase (-dp/dt(max)), the left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and the difference of left ventricular pressure (delta LVP). The activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum was measured with colorimetric method. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to assess the gene expression of C(a2+)-handling protein [sarcoplasic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA), phospholamban (PLB), ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR,), and 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate inositol receptor type 2 (IP3 R2) ] mRNAs level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with IR group, the myocardial functions, the value of Ca(2+)-ATPase, and the expressions of IP3 R2 mRNA were significantly increased and the expression of PLB mRNA was significantly decreased in both Pre-EET group and Post-EET group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). And the expression of SERCA mRNA was significantly increased in Pre-EET group (P < 0. 05). However, no significant differences were detected between Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. Moreover, the expression of RyR2 mRNA was not significantly different among all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>11, 12-EET preconditioning and post-conditioning can protect myocardium from IR injury by elevating the activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum, up-regulating the expression of IP3 R2 mRNA, and down-regulating the expression of PLB mRNA. Moreover, up-regulating the expression of SERCA mRNA maybe one of mechanisms of 11, 12-EET preconditioning on cardio protection against IR injury.</p>


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors , Metabolism , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Methods , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Rats , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel , Metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 412-420, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71500

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate social adjustment and related factors among Chinese children with Down syndrome (DS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A structured interview and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) were conducted with a group of 36 DS children with a mean age of 106.28 months, a group of 30 normally-developing children matched for mental age (MA) and a group of 40 normally-developing children matched for chronological age (CA). Mean scores of social adjustment were compared between the three groups, and partial correlations and stepwise multiple regression models were used to further explore related factors. RESULTS: There was no difference between the DS group and the MA group in terms of communication skills. However, the DS group scored much better than the MA group in self-dependence, locomotion, work skills, socialization and self-management. Children in the CA group achieved significantly higher scores in all aspects of social adjustment than the DS children. Partial correlations indicate a relationship between social adjustment and the PPVT raw score and also between social adjustment and age (significant r ranging between 0.24 and 0.92). A stepwise linear regression analysis showed that family structure was the main predictor of social adjustment. Newborn history was also a predictor of work skills, communication, socialization and self-management. Parental education was found to account for 8% of self-dependence. Maternal education explained 6% of the variation in locomotion. CONCLUSION: Although limited by the small sample size, these results indicate that Chinese DS children have better social adjustment skills when compared to their mental-age-matched normally-developing peers, but that the Chinese DS children showed aspects of adaptive development that differed from Western DS children. Analyses of factors related to social adjustment suggest that effective early intervention may improve social adaptability.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/psychology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Communication , Down Syndrome/ethnology , Female , Humans , Male , Social Adjustment , Socioeconomic Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638944

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe influence of salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder applied in asthmatic exacerbated period on relieving efficacy of a fast-acting beta2-agonist.Methods Eighty-nine children with asthma in exacerbated period were randomly assigned into two groups.Thirty-nine cases in treatment group inhaled salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder, compared with 50 cases in control group treated with budesonide aerosol. Two groups were all given Bricanyl aerolised inhalation in same way at meanwhile.Results The improvement of peak expinatory flow in two groups was evident. The disappearing time of main symptoms and signs, the duration of staying in hospital of two groups were no difference (all P

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