Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Cnidii Fructus hypnotic active components (CHC) on the behaviors of rats with p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA)-induced insomnia and melatonin (MT) synthesis rate-limiting enzyme arylalkylamine <italic>N</italic>-acetyltransferase (AANAT), and explore the protective mechanism of CHC on the pineal gland. Method:Male SD rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model group, a MT group, and high-, medium-, and low-dose CHC groups with 10 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, other groups received 4.5% PCPA suspension at 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>, intragastric administration, for two consecutive days. After PCPA model of insomnia was established, normal and model groups were gavaged at the same volume of 2% Tween-80, MT control group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), CHC was high, medium and low (60, 30, 15 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>, once a day, for consecutive 7 days. Four days after administration, open field, elevated cross maze, and pentobarbital sodium-induced sleep tests were conducted, respectively. Serum MT was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mRNA expression level of AANAT was determined by real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expression of AANAT protein in the pineal gland was detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the results in the blank control group, the total distance of open field activity and standing times and duration in the central area were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the proportions of open arm entry (OE%) and open arm time (OT%) were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the sleep latency was prolonged (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, no significant difference was observed in the low-dose CHC group, while other groups exhibited reduced total distance of activity (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated OE% (<italic>P</italic><0.05), shortened sleep latency, and prolonged sleep time (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the serum MT in the blank control group, that in the model group was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, no significant difference was observed in the low-dose CHC group, while other groups displayed increased serum MT (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The mRNA and protein expression of AANAT was decreased in the model group as compared with that in the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the MT group and the high-dose CHC group showed up-regulated expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:CHC improved the behavioral indexes of PCPA-induced insomnia, increased the synthesis and secretion of MT in pineal cells, and elevated the serum MT level, which was related to the up-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression of AANAT in the pineal gland.

2.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 874-877, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694001

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of standardized patients in the department of otolaryngology. Methods Two otolaryngology scripts were designed and four standardized patients were trained. Ten students were offered standardized patients teaching twice. Students' and clinical teachers' feedback, as well as objective grading for each student were analyzed. Results The performance scores for all the standardized patients were o-ver 4 points(1-5 points). Standardized patients and clinical teachers have a high degree of consistency in grad-ing the students. 70%(7/10) of the students considered standardized patients' immediate comment as the most benefits. Conclusions Well trained standardized patients are competent for the role of an actor,evaluator and in-structor in teaching and assessing students. The standardized patients as a teaching component should be promoted in otolaryngology.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278455

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the prophylactic effect of Toll like receptor (TLR)5 agonist flagellin on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and its possible mechanism. The animal model with allo-HSCT aGVHD was established by using purebred mice (male mouse C57BL/6 as donor, female mouse BALB/c as recipient) with complete-unidentical major histocompatibility antigen. The recipient mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: group 1 in which mice were injected with high purity (95%) flagellin before and after allo-HSCT respectively, group 2 in which mice received allo-HSCT without injection of flagellin, group 3 in which mice were radiated alone. The aGVHD features of mice in group 1 and 2 were observed and compared. The results showed that the typical symptoms of aGVHD appeared in transplanted mice. The death peak of mice in group 2 appeared at day 4-5 after transplantation. The aGVHD symptoms were obviously alleviated and the mean survival time was prolonged significantly in mice group 1 as compared with mice in group 2 (P < 0.05). The comparison of WBC count in peripheral blood of mice in 3 groups before transplantation showed no significant difference (P > 0.05), while WBC count of mice in group 1 and 2 showed the significant difference at days 14 and 21 after transplantation (P < 0.05). The pathological appearances of aGVHD in mice of group 1 were obviously reduced as compared with mice in group 2. The flow cytometric detection of Treg cell/CD4(+) T cell levels at different time before and after transplantation demonstrated that the Treg cell level in mice of group 1 at weeks 2-4 after transplantation significantly increased as compared with mice in group 2 (P < 0.05). It is concluded that flagellin can effectively prevent the aGVHD occurrence after allo-HSCT, reduce the symptoms and pathological changes of aGVHD, obviously prolong mean survival time of mice in group 1. The mechanism of flagellin effect may be associated to increase of Treg cell level in mice after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Flagellin , Therapeutic Uses , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Toll-Like Receptor 6 , Transplantation, Homologous
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 392-395, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251943

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of bortezomib (BOR) on the drug sensitivity of imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia cell line K562/G01 cell and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was used to detect the inhibition effect of cell growth, flow cytometry to cell cycle, and real time-PCR to the expression of COX-2 and mdr1 mRNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Combination of 10 and 20 nmol/L BOR with imatinib could significantly enhance the sensitivity of K562/G01 to imatinib, the reverse factor was 1.83 and 2.72-fold respectively. Cell cycle arrested at G(2)/M phase could be observed by flow cytometry on BOR treatment. The over-expression of COX-2 and mdr1 could be down-regulated by BOR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>BOR can enhance the imatinib sensitivity of imatinib resistant K562/G01 cell. The mechanism may be related to cell cycle phase arrested at G2/M and down-regulation of COX-2 and mdr1 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Genetics , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Benzamides , Boronic Acids , Pharmacology , Bortezomib , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , K562 Cells , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237662

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells, IL-2, TGF-beta and acute graft-versus host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The percentage of peripheral blood CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells in CD4(+) T cells of 13 patients with hematological malignancies after allo-HSCT were detected by flow cytometry; serum levels IL-2 and TGF-beta in these patients were measured by ELISA. The results indicated that all the patients achieved engraftment. 5 patients developed aGVHD of grade I-II, 4 patients developed aGVHD of grade III-IV. The percentage of peripheral blood CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells out of CD4(+) T cells in patients without aGVHD was higher than that in patients with aGVHD (p < 0.05); the serum level of IL-2 in patients without aGVHD was lower than that of patients with aGVHD (p < 0.05); the serum level of TGF-beta in patients without aGVHD was higher than that of patients with aGVHD (p < 0.05). It is concluded that CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cell level and the serum level of IL-2 and TGF-beta all are related to incidence and severity of aGVHD. These factors may be used as indicators for early evaluating and monitoring aGVHD after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Allergy and Immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Blood , Lymphocyte Count , Male , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Blood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL