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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the level of neuropsychological development in late preterm infants and early term infants at the age of 1 year.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 257 children with a corrected age of 1 year were enrolled as subjects. According to gestational age at birth, they were divided into an early preterm group (28-33 weeks), a late preterm group (34-36 weeks), an early term group (37-38 weeks), and a full-term group (39-41 weeks). Gesell Developmental Schedules were used to assess the neuropsychological development of the children, and the groups were compared in terms of neuropsychological development at the age of 1 year.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in the developmental quotients of the five functional areas (adaptability, gross motor, fine motor, language and social ability) between the four groups at the age of 1 year (P<0.05), and the full-term infants had the highest development quotients, followed by the early term infants, the late preterm infants, and the early preterm infants (P<0.05). The full-term infants had the lowest rate of developmental delay in each functional area, while the early preterm infants had the highest rate (P<0.05). Compared with the full-term infants, the early term infants had a higher risk of developmental delay in adaptability (OR=1.796, P<0.05), and the late preterm infants had a higher risk of developmental delay in adaptability (OR=2.651, P<0.05) and fine motor (OR=2.679, P<0.05), while the early preterm infants had a higher risk of developmental delay in adaptability (OR=4.069, P<0.05), fine motor (OR=3.710, P<0.05), and social ability (OR=3.515, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of neuropsychological developmental delay decreases with the increase in gestational age in children at the age of 1 year, with a dose-response effect. There are varying degrees of developmental delay in early term infants and late preterm infants, and health care follow-up for early term infants and late preterm infants should be taken seriously.


Subject(s)
Child Development , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Premature Birth
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the incidence of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and the risk factors for LOS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of all VLBW and ELBW infants who were hospitalized in the NICU between January 2011 and December 2013. According to the presence or absence of LOS, these infants were divided into LOS group and non-LOS group. The incidence and mortality rates of LOS, common pathogenic bacteria, and risk factors for LOS were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 226 VLBW and ELBW infants, 117 (51.8%) developed LOS, among whom 45 had a confirmed diagnosis of LOS and 72 had a clinical diagnosis of LOS. The LOS group had a significantly higher mortality rate than the non-LOS group [13.7% (16/117) vs 4.6% (5/109); P<0.05]. Bacterial culture found 51 strains of pathogenic bacteria, among which 32 (63%) were Gram-negative bacteria, 16 (31%) were Gram-positive bacteria, and 3 (6%) were fungi. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gestational age, small for gestational age (SGA), duration of parenteral nutrition, peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement, and mechanical ventilation were independent risk factors for LOS in VLBW and ELBW infants (OR=0.84, 1.59, 1.34, 3.11, and 4.55 respectively; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LOS has high incidence and mortality rates in VLBW and ELBW infants. Common pathogenic bacteria of LOS are Gram-negative bacteria. Low gestational age, long duration of parenteral nutrition, SGA, PICC placement, and mechanical ventilation may increase the risk of LOS in VLBW and ELBW infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Logistic Models , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Epidemiology , Mortality
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351386

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the early intellectual developmental outcome of late preterm infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 106 late preterm infants with a gestational age of 34-36weeks who were admitted to the neonatal ward between January 2012 and January 2015, cured, discharged, and regularly followed up at the outpatient service for high-risk children were enrolled as the preterm group. A total of 120 healthy full-term infants during the same period were randomly selected as the term group. Neonatal behavioral neurological assessment (NBNA) was performed for late preterm infants at a corrected gestational age of 40 weeks and full-term infants at a gestational age of 40 weeks. The Gesell Developmental Scale was used for late preterm infants at a corrected age of 3, 6, and 12 months and full-term infants at an age of 3, 6, and 12 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The preterm group had an NBNA score of <37 and a significantly lower NBNA score than the term group (P<0.05). At the corrected age of 3 months, the preterm group had significantly lower scores of gross motor, fine motor, and social competence than the term group (P<0.05). At the corrected age of 6 months, the preterm group had significantly lower scores of adaptability, gross motor, and fine motor than the term group (P<0.05). At the corrected age of 12 months, the preterm group had significantly lower scores of adaptability, gross motor, and social competence than the term group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Late preterm infants have early intellectual developmental delay. It is necessary to perform neurodevelopmental monitoring for late preterm infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Child Development , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intelligence , Male
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695033

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the effect of CXCL12/CXCR4 and MMP-2 on the biological behavior of triple-negative breast cancer.Method CXCR4-siRNA and pcDNA3.1-CXCR4were transient transfected of in MDA-MB-231 cell line by liposome,RNA and protein were extracted.The mRNA and protein expressions of CXCR4,CXCL12 and MMP-2 were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.And the migration and proliferation of the transfected cells were detected by Wound-healing assay and MTF assay.Result The experiment of RT-PCR and Westen blot demonstrated that CXCR4 mRNA and protein level expression declines after the expression CXCR4 was down-regulated (P < 0.01),CXCL12 mRNA and protein level expression increased and MMP-2 mRNA and protein level expression increased after the expression CXCR4 was down-regulated (P<0.01),MTT assay and Wound-healing assay results showed that the proliferation ability of 72 h cells was decreased,and the wound healing was slow.The experiment of RT-PCR and Westen blot demonstrated that CXCR4 mRNA and protein level expression increased after the expression CXCR4 was up-regulated (P <0.01).The CXCL12 mRNA and protein level expression declined and MMP-2 mRNA and protein level expression increased after the expression CXCR4 was up-regulated (P <0.01),MTT assay and wound-healing assay results showed that the proliferation ability of 72 h cells was increased,and the wound healing was accelerated.Conclusion CXCL12/CXCR4/ MMP-2 signaling pathway is activated in the triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells,and the inhibition of CXCR4 can reverse the proliferation and migration of malignant biological process.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2088-2094, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338794

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is a rare movement disorder characterized by recurrent dystonic or choreoathetoid attacks triggered by sudden voluntary movements. Under the condition of psychological burden, some patients' attacks may get worsened with longer duration and higher frequency. This study aimed to assess nonmotor symptoms and quality of life of patients with PKD in a large population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We performed a cross-sectional survey in 165 primary PKD patients from August 2008 to October 2016 in Rui Jin Hospital, using Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), World Health Organization Quality of Life-100 (WHOQoL-100), Self-Rating Depression Scale, and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. We evaluated the differences of SCL-90-R and WHOQOL-100 scores in patients and Chinese normative data (taken from literature) by using the unpaired Student's t-test. We applied multivariate linear regression to analyze the relationships between motor manifestations, mental health, and quality of life among PKD patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with Chinese normative data taken from literature, patients with PKD exhibited significantly higher (worse) scores across all SCL-90-R subscales (somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism; P= 0.000 for all) and significantly lower (worse) scores of five domains in WHOQoL-100 (physical domain, psychological domain, independence domain, social relationship domain, and general quality of life; P= 0.000 for all). Nonremission of dyskinesia episodes (P = 0.011) and higher depression score (P = 0.000) were significantly associated with lower levels of quality of life. The rates of depression and anxiety in patients with PKD were 41.2% (68/165) and 26.7% (44/165), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Depression, anxiety, and low levels of quality of life were prevalent in patients with PKD. Co-occurrence of depression and anxiety was common among these patients. Regular mental health interventions could set depression and anxiety as intervention targets. Considering that the motor episodes could be elicited by voluntary movements and sometimes also by emotional stress, and that symptoms may get worsened with longer duration and higher frequency when patients are stressed out, intervention or treatment of depression and anxiety might improve the motor symptoms and overall quality of life in PKD patients.</p>

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250336

ABSTRACT

Anxiety, depression, and even suicidal ideation are becoming the most common mental health problems affecting Chinese college students. The present study investigated the prevalence of mental health problems and their predictors in a sample of 1048 Chinese college freshmen from Shanghai. We used following brief screening instruments to measure symptoms of anxiety and depression, as well as self-control and suicidal ideation: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), a mental health and mental health knowledge questionnaire (MK), a mental disease-related attitude questionnaire (MA), questionnaires about the knowledge of psychological services and utilities, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) Suicide module, the Self-Rated Health Measurement Scale (SFHMS), the Self-Esteem Scale (SES), the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCQ), and the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10). Over half of the students suffered from at least one mental health problem. Approximately 65.55% of freshmen had depression, and 46.85% had anxiety. Minority status, low family income, and religious belief were significantly associated with current mental health problems. These findings indicate that mental disorders are highly prevalent among the freshman student population. The prevalence of such mental disorders was greater than that of the general population, and the majority of students with mental health problems require treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Depression , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the incidence and risk factors for extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) at discharge in premature infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed on 596 premature infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between 2006 and 2010. These subjects were classified into EUGR (n=217) and non-EUGR groups (n=379) based on the body weight at discharge. The risk factors for the occurrence of EUGR were studied by multivariate logistic regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the body weight, length, and head circumference, the incidence of EUGR at discharge was 36.4% (217 cases), 42.0% (250 cases), and 22.8% (136 cases), respectively. Low gestational age, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), delayed enteral feeding and complications of the respiratory system were identified as risk factors for EUGR (OR=6.508, 14.522, 5.101, 1.366, and 1.501, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of EUGR might be greatly decreased by strengthening the perinatal care, reducing the incidence of premature delivery and IUGR, undertaking early enteral feeding, and actively preventing postnatal complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Epidemiology , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Logistic Models , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279030

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of postnatal growth retardation on early neurodevelopment in premature infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 171 premature infants who were born between May 2008 and May 2012 and were followed up until a corrected gestational age of 6 months. These infants were classified into two groups: IUGR group (n=40) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) group (n=131). The growth retardation rates at the corrected gestational ages of 40 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months, as well as the neurodevelopmental outcome (evaluated by Gesell Developmental Scale) at corrected gestational ages of 3 and 6 months, were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The growth retardation rate in the IUGR group was significantly higher than in the AGA group at the corrected gestational ages of 40 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. All five developmental quotients evaluated by Gesell Developmental Scale (gross motor, fine motor, language, adaptability and individuality) in the IUGR group were significantly lower than in the AGA group at the corrected gestational ages of 3 months. At the corrected gestational age of 6 months, the developmental quotients of fine motor and language in the IUGR group were significantly lower than in the AGA group, however, there were no significant differences in the developmental quotients of gross motor, adaptability and individuality between the two groups. All five developmental quotients in IUGR infants with catch-up lag in weight were significantly lower than in IUGR and AGA infants who had caught up well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Growth retardation at early postnatal stages may adversely affect the early neurodevelopment in infants with IUGR.</p>


Subject(s)
Body Height , Body Weight , Child Development , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intelligence , Male , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247077

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of HIV-1 tat gene variations in AIDS dementia complex (ADC) pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HIV-1 tat genes derived from peripheral spleen and central basal ganglia of an AIDS patient with ADC and an AIDS patient without ADC were cloned for sequence analysis. HIV-1 tat gene sequence alignment was performed by using CLUSTAL W and the phylogentic analysis was conducted by using Neighbor-joining with MEGA4 software. All tat genes were used to construct recombinant retroviral expressing vector MSCV-IRES-GFP/tat. The MSCV-IRES-GFP/tat was cotransfected into 293T cells with pCMV-VSV-G and pUMVC vectors to assemble the recombinant retrovirus. After infection of gliomas U87 cells with equal amount of the recombinant retrovirus, TNF-α, and IL-1β concentrations in the supernatant of U87 cells were determined with ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HIV-1 tat genes derived from peripheral spleen and central basal ganglia of the AIDS patient with ADC and the other one without ADC exhibited genetic variations. Tat variations and amino acid mutation sites existed mainly at Tat protein core functional area (38-47aa). All Tat proteins could induce U87 cells to produce TNF-α and IL-1β, but the level of IL-1β production was different among Tat proteins derived from the ADC patient's spleen, basal ganglia, and the non-ADC patient's spleen. The level of Tat proteins derived from the ADC patient's spleen, basal ganglia, and the non-ADC patient's spleen were obviously higher than that from the non-ADC patient's basal ganglia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tat protein core functional area (38-47aa) may serve as the key area of enhancing the secretion of IL-1β. This may be related with the neurotoxicity of HIV-1 Tat.</p>


Subject(s)
AIDS Dementia Complex , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology , Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Basal Ganglia , Virology , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Genes, tat , HIV-1 , Genetics , Virulence , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Genetics , Bodily Secretions , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Neuroglia , Pathology , Bodily Secretions , Spleen , Virology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Bodily Secretions , tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus , Genetics , Physiology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270590

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the in vitro activity of quinupristin-alfopristin against Streptococcus sp. isolated in China. This agent is not yet available for clinical use, but it has been tested against a high proportion of resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains. A total of 156 streptococcal isolates, which were recovered from various geographic areas and diseases, were tested using the Etest (AB Biodisk, Solna, Sweden). Quinupristin-alfopristin showed excellent activity against all of the tested streptococci isolates. These results provide useful data for the clinical use of quinupristin-alfopristin in China.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , China , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Streptococcus , Virginiamycin , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304993

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the genetic diversity of HIV-1 nef genes from a patient with AIDS dementia complex(ADC) , so as to research the amino acid variability and the pathogenesis of ADC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The nef gene was amplified with PCR from genomic DNA which was extracted from spleen and different brain tissues(basal ganglia, frontal gray matter, meninges, temporal lobe)of a patient who died of ADC. PCR products were cloned into the pMD19-T vector, after transformation and selection by ampicillin and blue/white spotting. Five of positive clones were sequenced and confirmed with BLAST. HIV-1 nef sequences were processed with BioEdit and MEGA4 to do Neighbor-Joining tree, p-Distances, and values of ds/dn.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The samples were all identified as HIV-1 B and genetic variation exists in HIV-1 nef gene isolated from different tissues compared with HXB2. In addition,part of the changes were different between periphery and brain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Variations exist in the HIV-1 nef gene extracted from the ADC patient and the variations from peripheral and central nerve tissues were different,these variations may change the function of Nef,and it needs more research.</p>


Subject(s)
AIDS Dementia Complex , Virology , Adult , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Genetic Variation , HIV Infections , Virology , HIV-1 , Genetics , Humans , Male , nef Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus , Genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247117

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate molecular characterization of streptococcus pyogenes isolates involved in an outbreak of scarlet fever in China in 2011.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-four Streptococcal pyogenes involved in an outbreak of scarlet fever were isolated from pediatric patients in the areas with high incidence in China from May to August of 2011. Emm genotyping, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), superantigen (SAg) genes and antimicrobial susceptibility profiling were analyzed for these isolates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 4 different emm types were identified. Emm12 was the most prevalent type which contained four predominating PFGE patterns corresponding to four different virulence and superantigen profiles. Emm12 (79.7%) and emm1 (14.9%) accounted for approximately 94% of all the isolates. The speA gene was all negative in emm12 isolates and positive in emm1 isolates. All strains were resistant to erythromycin, and 89.4% of them were resistant to erythromycin, tracycline, and clindamycin simultaneously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Several highly diversified clones with a high macrolide resistance rate comprise a predominant proportion of circulating strains, though no new emm type was found in this outbreak. The data provide a baseline for further surveillance of scarlet fever, which may contribute to the explanation of the outbreak and development of a GAS vaccine in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , China , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Humans , Incidence , Molecular Epidemiology , Scarlet Fever , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Streptococcus pyogenes , Genetics , Virulence , Virulence
13.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 500-508, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356675

ABSTRACT

To determine the functions of N-carbohydrate chains in human parainfluenza virus type 3 hemagglutinin-neuraminidase(HN) protein, a PCR-based site-directed mutagenesis method was used to obtain N-glycan mutants. Protein electrophoresis rate, cell surface expression,receptor binding activity, neuraminidase activity and cell fusion promotion activity were determined. The HN proteins of single mutants (G1, G2, and G4) and multiple mutants (G12, G14, G24 and G124) migrated faster than the wild-type (wt) HN protein on polyacrylamide gels, while G3-mutated protein and wt HN protein migrated at the same position. There was no statistic difference in cell surface expression and neuraminidase activity between wt and each mutant HN protein (P>0.05), but receptor binding activity and cell fusion promotion activity of each mutant protein was reduced to significant extent (P<0.05). G1, G2 and G4 mutants exhibited re duced receptor binding activity, which was 83.94%, 76.45% and 55.32% of the wt level, respectively. G1, G2 and G4-mutated proteins also showed reductions in fusion promotion activity, which was 80.84%, 77.83% and 64.16%, respectively. Multiple mutants with G12-, G14-, G24- and G124- substitutions could further reduce receptor binding activities, 33.07%, 20.67%, 19.96% and 15.11% of the wt HN level, respectively. G12, G14, G24 and G124 mutants exhibited levels of fusion promotion activity that were only 46.360, 12.04%, 13.43% and 4.05% of the wt amount, respectively. As N-glycans of hPIV3 HN protein play an important role in receptor binding activity and cell fusion promotion activity of HN protein. We propose that the loss of N-glycans change the conformation or orientation of globular domain that is responsible for receptor binding and lower receptor binding activity and cell fusion promotion activi ty.


Subject(s)
Glycosylation , HN Protein , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Mutation , Parainfluenza Virus 3, Human , Chemistry , Genetics , Physiology , Protein Binding , Receptors, Virus , Metabolism , Respirovirus Infections , Metabolism , Virology , Virus Internalization
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318037

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To express the rubella virus E1-374 glycoprotein in Pichia pastoris and study the immunogenecity of the recombinant protein.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cDNA of protein E1-374 was cloned into the expression vector pGAPZalphaA and transformed into Pichia pastoris GS115 cells by electrotransfection. The expressed protein was confirmed by indirect immunofluorescence and demonstrated immunoreactivity by Western Blot. Rubella virus IgG antibody was assayed with ELISA after mice were inmmunized by E1-374 glycoprotein.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SDS-PAGE analysis and Western Blot analysis of E1-374 protein revealed this protein to be 46.89 x 10(3). Antiserum (1:100) and E1-374 (5.5 microg/ml) was chosen for ELISA optimization. The intra-assay coefficient of variation for the ELISA was 0.36%-12.45%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Protein E1-374 was highly expressed in Pichia pastoris cells, and it was a good choice to prepare rubella virus recombinant protein vaccines.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Pichia , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Rubella virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Viral Envelope Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345647

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of the early use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on the neurointelligence development in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-eight VLBWI were divided into rhEPO treatment group (n=35) and control group (n=43) according to the choice of their parents. Neonatal behavioral neurological assessment (NBNA) was performed at 40 weeks of corrected gestational age. The Gesell Developmental Schedules were used for neurodevelopmental evaluation at 3, 6, and 12 months of corrected age. The abnormal rates of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and cranial ultrasound were evaluated at 6 months of corrected age.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rhEPO treatment group had significantly higher NBNA scores at 40 weeks of corrected gestational age than the control group (P<0.05). The adaptability at 3 months of corrected age, the gross motor, adaptability, and sociability at 6 months, and the gross motor, adaptability, fine motor, sociability, and language at 12 months were significantly better in the rhEPO treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of ABR and cranial ultrasound in the rhEPO treatment group were significantly lower than in the control group at 6 months of corrected age (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Early use of rhEPO can promote the early recovery of neurological symptoms and improve the cognitive, motor, and language abilities in VLBWI due to its protective effects on the nervous system.</p>


Subject(s)
Child Development , Erythropoietin , Pharmacology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Intelligence , Male , Nervous System , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology
16.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 211-217, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339950

ABSTRACT

More and more new human enteroviruses (HEVs) types were identified with the broad application of the molecular serotyping methods for enteroviruses. Since enterovirus 71 (EV71) was first reported in 1969, numerous epidemic outbreaks associated with new enteroviruses have occurred all around the world, and pose a significant threat to public health . The epidemics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by EV71 infection in China have raised great concern of global scholars. This paper reviewed research progress in recent years of the molecular typing, evolution, epidemiology, and pathogenesis attributable to new enterovirus types.


Subject(s)
Animals , Enterovirus , Classification , Genetics , Enterovirus Infections , Virology , Haplorhini , Humans , Pan troglodytes , Phylogeny , Primate Diseases , Virology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone and express the HIV-1B gp120 genes isolated at different organizations from a patient died of AIDS dementia complex (ADC) in eukaryotic cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the genomic DNA isolated from peripheral lymphnodes, choroid plexus and occipital white matter from a patient died of ADC as the template, HIV-1B gp120 gene was amplified with PCR. After sequenced, HIV-1B gp120 was inserted into pcDNA3.1 (+) and recombinant expressing vector gp120/pcDNA3.1 (+) was constructed succeffuly confirming with sequencing. Then expressing vector was transfected into eukaryotic cells U87 using liposome transfection and expression of HIV-1B gp120 gene was assayed with indirect immunofluorescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HIV-1B gp120 genes isolated from peripheral lymphnodes, choroid plexus and occipital white matter of the ADC patient were successfully cloned and recombinant expressing vector gp120/pcDNA3; 1 (+) could express envelope glycoprotein HIV-1B gp120 in U87 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All the HIV-1B gp120 gene isolated at the different organizations of the same ADC patient could express in U87 cells, which may supply a valuable basis for studying the neurotoxicity and neurotoxic mechanism of HIV-1 gp120 protein.</p>


Subject(s)
AIDS Dementia Complex , Virology , Cloning, Molecular , HIV Envelope Protein gp120 , Genetics , Toxicity , Humans , Recombinant Proteins , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231138

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the diversity of HIV-1 tat gene in CNS and peripheral tissue of a patient with ADC and a patient with non-ADC, so as to research HIV evolution, the mechanism of CNS invasion and the pathogenesis of ADC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The tat gene was amplified with nested PCR from genomic DNA which was extracted from spleen and basal ganglia of one non-ADC patient with a wide range of cerebral artery atherosclerosis and one ADC patient. PCR products were cloned into the PGEM-T vector, after transformation and selection by ampicillin and blue/white spotting. Five of positive clones were sequenced. HIV-1 tat sequences were processed with BioEdit and MEGA4. With the softwares, neighbor-joining tree, p-distances, values of ds/dn, and analysis of amino acid motifs were all done, so as to research the diversity of HIV-1 tat gene in CNS and peripheral tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Gene mutation of HIV-1 tat exist in the two patients, the mutation process of tat isolated from ADC patient suffered more compartmentalization than tat isolated from non-ADC patient, the differences of tat genes between CNS and peripheral tissue in ADC patient were greater than the non-ADC patient. Ds/dn showed that the virus gene mutation played a major role, the body intend to remove harmful non-synonymous mutations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The compartmentation of tat gene in CNS and peripheral tissue of the two patients was different, the reason may be related to the pathway of HIV into the CNS, the relationship between HIV gene mutation in CNS and ADC still need more investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
AIDS Dementia Complex , Virology , Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Central Nervous System , Virology , Female , Genetic Variation , HIV-1 , Genetics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Peripheral Nervous System , Virology , tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus , Genetics
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4217-4222, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333583

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>HIV-1 infected and immune-activated macrophages and microglia secrete neurotoxins, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which play major role in the neuronal death. It has been shown that different HIV-1 variants have varying abilities to elicit secretion of TNF-α by peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC); however, whether the difference of gp120 gene could affect the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β by glial cells is unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the association between gene diversity and induction of neurotoxic cytokines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, we constructed retroviral vectors MSCV-IRES-GFP/gp120 using HIV-1 gp120 genes isolated from four different tissues of one patient who died of AIDS dementia complex (ADC). Recombinant retroviruses produced by cotransfection of MSCV-IRES-GFP/gp120, pCMV-VSV-G and pUMVC into 293T cells were collected and added into U87 glial cells. Concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β secreted by transduced U87 cells were assayed with ELISA separately.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The four HIV-1 gp120 were in the different branch of the neighbor-joining tree. Compared to the pMIG retrovirus (gp120-negative) or U87 cells, all the gp120-positive recombinant retroviruses induced more TNF-α (P < 0.01) and IL-1β (P < 0.01). In addition, compared with the L/MIG retrovirus, all the three brain gp120-positive recombinant retroviruses induced less TNF-α (P < 0.01) and IL-1β (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HIV-1 gp120 could induce U87 cells secret more TNF-α and IL-1β again. The more important is that difference of HIV-1 gp120, especially cell-tropism may account for the different ability in eliciting secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β, which might supply a novel idea helping understand the pathogenesis of ADC.</p>


Subject(s)
AIDS Dementia Complex , Metabolism , Virology , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , HIV Envelope Protein gp120 , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266274

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the impact of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 9p21 and P16(INK4A)(CDKN2A) expression on the prognosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 51 cases with GISTs were characterized by immunohistochemistry and evaluated for LOH at 9p21 by microsatellite analysis in 4 markers(D9S1751, D9S1846, D9S942 and D9S1748). Associations of LOH at 9p21 and P16(INK4A) expression encoded by CDKN2A with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis in GISTs were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of 9p21 LOH was 37.0% (10/27) at D9S1751, 37.5%(12/32) at D9S1846, 42.1%(16/38) at D9S942 and 24.2%(8/33) at D9S1748. The overall frequency of LOH at 9p21 was 63.3%(31/49). In 21 samples of 51 GISTs(41.2%), P16 expression was not detected. Loss of P16 expression was 60%(12/20) in high risk group and 23.5%(4/17) in very low and low risk groups(P<0.05). The 5-year overall survival rate of p16-negative patients was 70.8%, while in P16-positive patients it was 92.0%(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LOH at 9p21 is a frequent event in GIST. Loss of CDKN2A gene at 9p21 may contribute to the progression and malignant transformation of GIST. P16 expression in GIST is associated with prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Metabolism , Female , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Genes, p16 , Humans , Loss of Heterozygosity , Male , Microsatellite Repeats , Middle Aged
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