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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927920

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of extract of Poria cocos polysaccharides(PCP) on cytochrome P450 2 E1(CYP2 E1) and nuclear factor κB(NF-κB) inflammatory signaling pathways in alcoholic liver disease(ALD) mice and explored its protective effect and mechanism. Sixty male C57 BL/6 N mice of SPF grade were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug group(bifendate, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and high-(200 mg·kg~(-1)) and low-dose(50 mg·kg~(-1)) PCP groups. Gao-binge mo-del was induced and the mice in each group were treated correspondingly. Liver morphological and pathological changes were observed and organ index was calculated. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) were detected. Malondialdehyde(MDA) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) in liver tissues were detected by assay kits. The levels of interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The activation of macrophages was observed by immunofluorescence staining and protein expression of CYP2 E1, Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), NF-κB p65, and phosphorylated NF-κB p65(p-NF-κB p65) were analyzed by Western blot. The ALD model was properly induced. Compared with the model group, the PCP groups significantly improved the pathological injury of liver tissues. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed decreased macrophages in liver tissues. Additionally, the PCP groups showed reduced ALT, AST, MDA, IL-6, and TNF-α(P<0.05), and potentiated activity of SOD(P<0.01). PCP extract has the protective effect against alcoholic liver injury in mice, and the underlying mechanism may be related to the regulation of the expression of CYP2 E1 and inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory signaling pathway to reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory injury, thereby inhibiting the development of ALD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1/pharmacology , Liver , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/pathology , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Wolfiporia
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888046

ABSTRACT

Due to their fascinating chemical structures and extensive pharmacological activities, polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols(PPAPs) have become one of the current research hotspots of natural products. In particular, some of the PPAPs not only have novel non-traditional skeleton types, but also contain more unknown possible activities, which are of great significance for the development of lead compounds. The structure, source, biosynthetic pathway and pharmacological activities of PPAPs with non-traditio-nal skeleton types isolated and identified in recent years are reviewed, in order to provide references for further research on such compounds.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Hypericum , Molecular Structure , Phloroglucinol
3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 77-80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the experience of diagnosis and treatment of a case of brodifacoum poisoning. METHODS: The clinical data of a case of unexplained brodifacoum poisoning was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The patient went to the doctor for unexplained bleeding. The bleeding symptoms included nasal o blood ozing, blood in saliva and skin ecchymosis. Blood anticoagulative rodenticide test showed positive with brodifacoum. The results of coagulative function tests showed that the indexes of partial prothrombin time, prothrombin time and fibrinogen were increased. The patient was diagnosed as brodifacoum poisoning based on the clinical symptoms and laboratory test results. The combined use of 40 mg/d of vitamin K_1 and frozen plasma improved the clotting time and quickly alleviated the bleeding symptoms of the patient. However, the patient′s bleeding symptoms recurred when vitamin K_1 was discontinued. The patient was hospitalized for 62 days and then discharged. With follow-up one month after discharge, the patient showed no bleeding symptoms, but brodifacoum could still be detected in the blood. CONCLUSION: The symptoms of brodifacoum poisoning may relapse and the treatment course is long. Vitamin K_1 could be used as the first-choice medicine for the treatment of brodifacoum poisoning, but its usage needs to be optimized.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 552-556, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923087

ABSTRACT

Acute 1,2-dichloroethane poisoning causes serious illness, deaths and is a social event of great influence. The compilation of Technical Plan for Emergency Treatment of Acute 1,2-Dichloroethane Poisoning provides scientific guidance for effective treatment of 1,2-dichloroethane poisoning events. The plan describes in detail the specific practice and technical requirements of six links in the process of handling emergency of acute 1,2-dichloroethane poisoning, including accident investigation and treatment, risk assessment, collection and testing of samples, medical treatment, health monitoring and emergency response, et al. The key contents of individual protection requirements, investigation content, etiology determination, medical assistance and health education in the disposal of poisoning incidents were clarified, and the procedures and requirements of health education were added. The technical scheme is scientific, objective and operable, which can provide scientific guidance for the effective treatment of 1,2-dichloroethane poisoning accidents.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1443-1447, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857132

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of sevoflurane postconditioning on oxidative stress and the expression of silent information regulation (SIRT1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator la (PGC-1α) in hippocampus of rats subjected to hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. Methods Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham surgery group (Sham group), shock and resuscitation group (Shock group) and 2.4% sevoflurane postconditioning group (Sevo group). The rats in Sevo group were inhaled 2.4% sevoflurane when received resuscitation after hemorrhagic shock, while rats in Sham and Shock group were treated with 95% O2 and 5% CO2 in the corresponding period. MAP and arterial blood gases were measured at TO (start bleeding), Tl (30 min after bleeding),T2 (start resuscitation), and T3 (30 min after resuscitation). After 24h of surgery,rats with successful model were chosen for the detection of various indexes. The content of malonaldehyde (MDA) in hippocampus and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in mitochondria isolated from hippocampal tissue were detected. Western blot was used to analyze the protein relative expression levels of SIRT1 and PGC-la in hippocampus. Results Compared with Sham group, the content of MDA increased, the activity of SOD decreased, and the expression of SIRT1 and PGC-1α a increased in Shock group (P < 0. 05). Compared with Shock group, the content of MDA decreased, the activity of SOD increased, and the expression of SIRT1 and PGC-1α increased in Sevo group (P < 0. 05). Conclusions Sevoflurane postconditioning can alleviate oxidative stress in hippocampus of a model rat of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation, which may be correlated with the up-regulation of the protein relative expression levels of SIRT1 and PGC-1α.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features of phospholipase A2 receptor(PLA2R) negative patents with idiopathic membranous nephropathy(IMN). METHODS: IMN patients diagnosed by renal biopsy were enrolled in this study. Glomerular PLA2 R deposition(GAg) and serum anti-PLA2 R antibodies(SAbs) were detected by immunohistochemical staining and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Patients were divided into two groups. Both GAg and SAbs were negative in patients of Group A. Patients of group B were selected from patients who were positive for GAg and SAbs and were matched with group A in gender and age. The clinical and laboratory data of the two groups were collected. Glomerular thrombospondin type-1 domaincontaining 7A(THSD7A) deposition and serum anti-THSD7 A antibody were also measured by immunohistochemical staining and indirect immunofluorescence in the two groups, respectively. RESULTS:(1) Compared with group B, patients in group A had lower levels of proteinuria, lower proportion of microscopic hematuria, higher remission rate(P<0.05). The positive rate of IgG4 in group A(45.0%) was significantly lower than that in group B(85.0%)(P<0.01).(2) The positive rate of glomerular THSD7 A deposition and serum anti-THSD7 A antibody of group A were 17.5% and 7.5%. Patients in group B showed negative THSD7 A tissue staining and antiTHSD7 A antibodies. CONCLUSION: Compared with patients who were positive for GAg and SAbs, patients who were negative for GAg and SAbs exhibited lower levels of proteinuria and higher remission rate. The positive rate of glomerular THSD7 A deposition and serum anti-THSD7 A antibody was low in patients with IMN.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the pharmacological mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex by systems pharmacology (SP). Methods: A database of magnolia components was established by using the database of TCM ingredients and a large number of literature search. After that, ADME was used to screen the active compounds of magnolia, and these ingredients and an in silico software were used to identify targets. Finally, the pharmacological mechanism of magnolia was analyzed by SP methods network analysis and pathway analysis. Results: The most comprehensive database of magnolia ingredients to date have been established, containing a total of 144 magnolia compounds. After screening, we obtained seven magnolia active compounds which meet the conditions and identified 54 interacting targets. The network analysis showed that these targets were mainly related to intestinal motility, inflammation, diabetes and thrombus. Through pathway analysis, we found that a total of 152 biological pathways were involved in the targets of magnolia, and these pathways were involved in cancer-related mechanisms in addition to the above diseases. Conclusion: This study not only uses SP to reveal the pharmacological mechanisms of magnolia on intestinal motility, inflammation, diabetes, thrombus and cancer, but also reflects the typical “multi-component, multi-target, multi-channel” TCM characteristics of magnolia and provides a new SP technology to explore the pharmacological mechanism of TCM.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study was to determine whether low calf circumference (CC) could predict nutritional risk and the cutoff values of CC for predicting nutritional risk in hospitalized patients aged ⪖ 80 years.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,234 consecutive patients aged ⪖ 80 years were enrolled in this study. On admission, demographic data, CC, and laboratory parameters were obtained. Patients with Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) total score ⪖ 3 were considered as having nutritional risk.@*RESULTS@#CC values were significantly lower in patients with nutritional risk compared to those in patients without nutritional risk [27.00 (24.50-31.00) vs. 31.00 (29.00-33.50], P < 0.001]. CC was negatively correlated with age and nutritional risk scores. Logistic regression analysis of nutritional risk revealed that body mass index, albumin level, hemoglobin level, cerebral infarction, neoplasms, and CC (OR, 0.897; 95% confidence interval, 0.856-0.941; P < 0.001) were independent impact factors of nutritional risk. Nutritional risk scores increased with a decrease in CC. In men, the best CC cutoff value for predicting nutritional risk according to the NRS-2002 was 29.75 cm. In women, the cutoff value was 28.25 cm.@*CONCLUSION@#CC is a simple, noninvasive, and valid anthropometric measure to predict nutritional risk for hospitalized patients aged ⪖ 80 years.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anthropometry , Methods , China , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Leg , Male , Nutritional Status , Risk Assessment , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851637

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a new method and validate its feasibilities by the simultaneous quantitative assay of four triterpenes in Poria cocos. Methods A new quality evaluation method of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) was established and validated for P. cocos. Pachymic acid (PA), dehydropachymic acid (DPA), dehydrotumulosic acid (DTA), and dehydrotrametenolic acid (DMA) were selected as analytes while pachymic acid was chosen as internal reference substance to evaluate the quality. The relative correction factor (RCF) of pachymic acid to the other three triterpenes were calculated. The method was evaluated by the comparison of quantity between external standard method and QAMS method. Results The contents of four triterpenes in 17 batches of P. cocos from QAMS method were not significantly different from those from external standard method. Conclusion The method with a single marker is accurate and feasible to determine PA, DPA, DTA, and DMA when some authentic standard substance are unavailable.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775375

ABSTRACT

Modern research showed that components in the dried leaf of Cyclocarya paliurus. had various biological activities. The current quality control research was focused on content determination of polysaccharides and flavonoids, while there were less research on quantitative analysis of terpenes and phenolic acids. In this paper, the contents of 16 components of 3 kinds in C. paliurus leaf were determined by UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS. The results were as following: good linear relationship of 16 analytes existed within the studied concentration rages (²>0.996), and RSDs were of <3.0% in the precision test and replicate test, with the average recovery rates 95.20%-104.4%, respectively. The results indicatod that the method is simple and accurate, which can be used for the comprehensive quality evaluation of C. paliurus leaf. The established method was applied to determine the contents of 12 batches of C. paliurus leaf from different areas, and the 16 analvtes contents in the samples could be different from several times to dozens times, which indicated that there might be significant quality difference in C. paliurus leaf from different areas.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Juglandaceae , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Polysaccharides
11.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1253-1258, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710289

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the anti-inflammatory effects of compound Cervi Cornu Degelatinatum extract on adjuvant arthritic rats.METHODS The rats,except for those assigned into a blank group,were induced to be the adjuvant arthritis models by Freund's complete adjuvant and randomly divided into model group,Prednisone Acetate Tablets group,Tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside tablets group,and compound Cervi Cornu Degelatinatum extract groups (1 000 mg/kg high-dose group,500 mg/kg medium-dose group,and 250 mg/kg low-dose group) to observe changes in body weight,mental state,and extent of joints injury.Post-treatment levels of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-10 and PGE-2 were determined by ELISA,and the pathological changes of ankle joints were assessed by HE staining.RESULTS Significantly lower body weight and IL-10 level,markedly higher levels of TNF-α,IL-6,PGE-2,and joints injury in the model group than those in the blank group were observed (P <0.01).Such indices also revealed the significant superiority in the high-dose,medium-dose groups of compound Cervi Cornu Degelatinatum extract and the positive control group as compared with the model group.CONCLUSION Compound Cervi Cornu Degelatinatum extract highlights the rheumatoid arthritis management through proinflammatory cytokines secretion reduction,the antiinflammatory factors improvement,and the inflammatory reaction and tissue damage alleviation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 1273-1275, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666452

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of precision nursing and its implications for education,practice and research.The emphases are on the contributions of nursing practice and research to genomics as well as precision health and precision medicine.Recommendations are elucidated on how to build knowledge and competence of precision nursing within the broad arena of precision health and precision medicine to promote the development of precision nursing.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1036-1041, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271873

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical features and prognostic factors of patients with mantle cell lymphoma(MCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 66 MCL patients were collected from the Department of Hematology of Shanghai Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical School from January 2000 to December 2014. The clinical characteristics, treatment efficiency and survival rate were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The sex ratio of male to female in these 66 MCL patients was 3.71:1, the nosopoietic median age was 59 years old, and most cases were diagnosed as MCL in Ann Arbor stage III-IV(90.9%). "R-HperCVAD" regimen had the highest CR-rate reached to 55.6%, and CR rate of "R-CHOP" reached to 44.4%. The total prospective 5-year overall survival and progress-free survival rates were 35.5%±11.5% and 8.8%±5.6%, respectively. Leukocyte count abnormality(>10×10/L or <4×10/L), B symptom, LDH level, bone marrow involvement, Ki-67 and high risk group of MIPI scores, and therapy combined with or without rituximab were the independent prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prognosis of MCL patients is poor, and the incidence is higher in men. The extranodal sites of bone marrow and gastrointestinal tract are involved more easily. The treatment combined with rituximab can increase survival rate for these patients.</p>

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 673-682, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sodium dimercaptopropane sulfonate( DMPS) in the treatment of patients with increased urinary mercury. METHODS: By random sampling method,68 patients with elevated urinary mercury were chosen as study subjects. Among them,61 cases were observation subjects working with mercury and 7 cases were chronic occupational mild mercury poisoning. DMPS was used to eliminate mercury by intramuscular injection. The changes of urinary mercury level were observed before and after treatment,and the curative effect was analyzed. RESULTS: The median( the 25 th and 75 th percentiles) of natural voiding urinary mercury was 36. 6( 28. 4,55. 6) μmol / mol creatinine and 24 hours total urine mercury amount was 1 074. 7( 608. 0,1 646. 3) μg / d in the first course of treatment.After 1 to 8 courses of mercury expulsion,the 24 hours total urine mercury amount in 68 patients were lower than the normal reference level( 45. 0 μg / d). The median( the 25 th and 75 th percentiles) of one-time morning urinary mercury level before hospital discharge was 2. 7( 1. 8,4. 0) μmol / mol creatinin,which was lower than the level of natural voiding urinary mercury( P < 0. 05). The first and second course of treatment resulted in the highest decline in urinary mercury,followed by a gradually decreased in urinary mercury in later courses. The number of treatment courses in observation subjects working with mercury was less than that in patients with chronic mild mercury poisoning [( 4. 0 ± 1. 3) vs( 5. 6 ±1. 1) times,P < 0. 05]. There was a positive correlation between the number of treatment courses and the level of natural voiding urinary mercury or 24 hours total urine mercury amount in the first course of treatment( P < 0. 01). The number of courses of mercury expulsion was not related to gender,length of service and age( P > 0. 05). One patient had dizziness and pale after intramuscular injection of DMPS,the symptom was disappeared with symptomatic treatment; 68 patients after treatment have no other adverse reactions. CONCLUSION: Using DMPS as mercury displacement treatment was effective and relatively safe. The change of urinary mercury after DMPS treatment can be used as a basis for establishing clinical standard for patients with increased urinary mercury.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 639-644, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effects between comprehensive therapy and routine therapy in treatment of occupational chronic n-hexane poisoning. METHODS: By randomized controlled trial,116 cases with occupational chronic n-hexane poisoning were divided into two groups: the control group( n = 58) and the treatment group( n = 58). Subjects in the control group were given vitamin B_(12) and vitamin B_1 for neural nutrition; and Danshen and deproteinized calf blood extractive injection for activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis. Subjects in the treatment group were treated with comprehensive treatment including traditional Chinese and Western medicine,which including mouse nerve growth factor,acupuncture,physical therapy( infraredtherapy,microwave irradiation therapy),Chinese medicine steamingwashing and comprehensive rehabilitation therapy for a period of 12 weeks in addition to the conventional treatment. The curative effect and adverse reactions of both groups were observed after 12 weeks,and the treatment results and hospital stay were followed up. RESULTS: Before treatment,no significant differences( P > 0. 05) were noted in both groups in scores of neurological symptoms,signs,activities of daily living and neurogenic damage indexes of electroneuromyography[including motor digital latency( MDL),motor nerve conduction velocity( MCV),sense nerve conduction velocity( SCV) of median nerve,ulnar nerve,sural nerve or common peroneal nerve; and the detection of lengthen MDL,shorten MCV and SCV]. After treatment,patients in both groups got better in terms of the above indicators( P < 0. 05),with larger extend of improvement noted in the treatment group than in the control group( P < 0. 05). No obvious adverse reactions were noted in the 2 groups. Hospital stay of patients in the treatment group was about 2 months shorter than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effects of comprehensive therapy on occupational chronic n-hexane poisoning are obviously better than routine therapy,which is an effective and safe therapeutic method.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 275-284, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To collect,analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics of occupational chronic n-hexane poisoning cases reported in the literatures published in domestic open public periodicals in order to provide evidence for the revision of GBZ 84 Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Chronic n-Hexane Poisoning. METHODS: By the bibliometrics method,the databases of CNKI,VIP and WANFANG were used to retrieve literatures on the occupational chronic n-hexane poisoning published from 1990 to 2014. The literatures with detailed clinical data were screened and selected for summary and analysis. RESULTS: A total of 68 reference literatures meeting the inclusion criteria were chosen in 25 years of domestic publication. These literatures reported 1 027 cases of occupational n-hexane poisoning,including 165 males and 862 females. The median of age was 28. 3( 13. 0-59. 0) years. Most of the cases had a disease incubation period of 2. 0-10. 0months. The diagnostic classification was made in 817 cases( 79. 6%),with mild,moderate and severe chronic n-hexane poisoning in 418,241 and 158 cases,respectively. The n-hexane levels in workplace air were reported in 736 cases( 71. 7%),91. 8%( 676 /736) of which had exceeded the national occupational exposure limit. Chronic n-hexane poisoning was mainly characterized by peripheral nerve damage,626 cases( 61. 0%) had feeling and movement disorders,256 cases( 24. 9%) had movement disorder and 145 cases( 14. 1%) had feeling disorders. The clinical characteristics of these disorders were bilaterally symmetric feeling or movement disorders in distal limbs. The nerve-electromyography examination showed the neurogenic damage,which was parallel with the severity of patients' condition and could be detected at early stage of illness. The gas chromatography was used to detect the 2,5-hexanedione level of 156 cases( 15. 2%) of patients and the positive detection rate was 50. 6%( 70 /156). Currently,there was no specific medication or other therapy for treatment of chronic n-hexane poisoning. The comprehensive therapy which mainly include nerve restoration was the general therapy method. Addition of mouse nerve growth factor to the conventional therapy had significant treatment effects. The therapeutic effect was reported in 954 cases with the recovery rate of 83. 6%( 798 /954),and the complication in nervous system was observed in 156 cases who were not cured. CONCLUSION: The main clinical manifestation of chronic n-hexane poisoning is peripheral neuropathy. The nerve-electromyography is the most important diagnostic method. Currently,comprehensive therapy is used with good prognosis in the patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854327

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Xueshuantong Injection (lyophilized, main constituents are total saponins of Panax notoginseng with content of 95%) on the platelet function of rabbits with hyperlipemia. Methods: The model was made by giving the food with high fat to rabbits for 2 weeks, then Xueshuantong Injection (6.25, 12.50, and 25.00 mg/kg) was iv given once daily for 14 d and the function of platelet was tested after preparing serum and plasma by taking blood form carotid artery. Results: Xueshuantong Injection could reduce blood lipid levels, inhibit the platelet aggregation induced by ADP, AA, & COLL, and reduce the aggregation curve slope & the aggregation delay; lower the expression levels of VCAM-1, PF4, and P-selectin; prolong the APTT, and decrease the level of FIB. Conclusion: Xueshuantong injection (lyophilized) has the anti-aggregation function.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310870

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the antitumor effects and associated mechanisms of extract of the Smilax china L. rhizome (SCR) on ovarian cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ovarian cancer cells A2780 were treated with different concentrations of SCR extract (SCRE), and compared with controls. Effects on cell growth were evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay; proliferation effects by EdU incorporation assay; cell cycle by propidium iodide staining; apoptosis by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide; cellular distribution of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) by immunofluorescence; protein levels of NF-κB, caspase-3, poly-adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), cellular inhibitor of apoptosis (cIAP)-1, anti-X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-XL), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and AKT by Western blotting; and effects of SCRE combined with cisplatin or adriamycin on A2780 cells by CCK-8 assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SCRE suppressed A2780 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05,P<0.01), arrested cells in G2/M phase and induced apoptosis by activating caspase-3, PARP and Bax. SCRE treatment also correlated with inhibition of NF-κB and downregulation of Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, cIAP-1, XIAP and AKT. SCRE can promote chemosensitivity to cisplatin and adriamycin in A2780 cells (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SCR effectively inhibits NF-κB, induces apoptosis and reduces chemoresistance to cisplatin and adriamycin in ovarian cancer cells, which might be its molecular basis for treating ovarian cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Female , Humans , NF-kappa B , Ovarian Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Smilax
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262671

ABSTRACT

Associated with the aging of our world population is a sharp increase in the incidence of Alzheimer's disease, which not only poses a significant health issue but also presents a serious social problem. Although pharmacological treatments were developed based on existing hypotheses, the disease pathogenesis remains to be fully elucidated. Given the complexity of Alzheimer's disease, Chinese herbal medicine appears to have therapeutic potential for Alzheimer's disease through multi-target and multi-pathway approach at cellular and molecular levels and holistic adjustment of the body at organ system levels. Recently, a significant breakthrough has been made in the research of Chinese medicine for Alzheimer's disease. In this article, we review the experimental research progress in understanding how Chinese medicine could be used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Phytochemicals , Therapeutic Uses
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289945

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the application of immunohistochemistry and fluorescence staining method in the detection of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) on paraffin section of renal biopsy tissue,and to find an accurate and fast method for the detection of PLA2R in renal tissue.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PLA2R of 193 cases were detected by immunohistochemical staining,and the antigen was repaired by the method of high pressure cooker (HPC) hot repair plus trypsin repair. The 193 samples including 139 cases of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), 15 cases of membranous lupus nephritis, 8 cases of hepatitis B virus associated membranous nephropathy, 18 cases of IgA nephropathy, and 13 cases of minimal change diseases. To compare the dyeing effects, 22 paraffin sections of renal biopsy tissue of IMN cases with positive PLA2R were stained by using 4 different.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>of antigen repairing,which included HPC hot repair, HPC hot repair plus trypsin repair, water bath heat repair, and water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair. To compare the dyeing effects, 15 paraffin sections of renal biopsy tissue of IMN cases with positive PLA2R were stained by using 3 different.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>of antigen repairing,which included water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair, protease K digestion repair, and pepsin digestion repair.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 193 cases, the positive rate of PLA2R in IMN cases was 90.6% (126/139), and the other 54 patients without IMN were negative. Twenty-two IMN patients were positive for PLA2R by using the HPC heat repair plus trypsin repaire or the water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair;while only a few cases of 22 IMN cases were positive by using the HPC hot repair alone or water bath heat repair alone. Fifteen IMN patients were positive for PLA2R by using water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair,protease K digestion repair,and pepsin digestion repair, but the distribution of positive deposits and the background were different.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PLA2R immunohistochemical staining can effectively identify IMN and secondary MN. For immunohistochemical staining and immunofluorescence staining, the preferred method of antigen repair is water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair.</p>


Subject(s)
Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Paraffin , Receptors, Phospholipase A2 , Staining and Labeling
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