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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828665

ABSTRACT

This article reported the clinical characteristics and SRD5A2 gene mutation pattern of a child with steroid 5-α reductase type 2 deficiency. The 2-month-old boy showed hypospadias and short penis shortly after birth. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of the child and his parents. The endocrine disease-related genes were captured and sequenced by high-throughput sequencing technology, and the family DNA samples were verified by Sanger sequencing. The results showed that c.680G>A(p.R227Q) and c.608G>A(p.G203D) compound heterozygous mutations existed in the SRD5A2 gene of the child. The c.680G>A mutation inherited from his father, which was a known pathogenic mutation. The c.608G>A mutation originated from his mother, which was a novel mutation discovered in this study. These results provide molecular evidence for the etiological diagnosis of the child and genetic counseling for the family, as well as extend the mutation spectrum of SRD5A2 gene.


Subject(s)
3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Base Sequence , Child , Female , Humans , Hypospadias , Infant , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mutation
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827070

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to clarify the signaling molecular mechanism by which fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates leptin gene expression in adipocytes. Differentiated 3T3-F442A adipocytes were used as study object. The mRNA expression level of leptin was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. The phosphorylation levels of proteins of signal transduction pathways were detected by Western blot. The results showed that FGF21 significantly down-regulated the mRNA expression level of leptin in adipocytes, and FGF21 receptor inhibitor BGJ-398 could completely block this effect. FGF21 up-regulated the phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and AMPK in adipocytes. Either ERK1/2 inhibitor SCH772984 or AMPK inhibitor Compound C could partially block the inhibitory effect of FGF21, and the combined application of these two inhibitors completely blocked the effect of FGF21. Neither PI3K inhibitor LY294002 nor Akt inhibitor AZD5363 affected the inhibitory effect of FGF21 on leptin gene expression. These results suggest that FGF21 may inhibit leptin gene expression by activating ERK1/2 and AMPK signaling pathways in adipocytes.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Adenylate Kinase , Adipocytes , Metabolism , Animals , Down-Regulation , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Metabolism , Leptin , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1792-1800, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825152

ABSTRACT

This study was to determine the expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p21 in alveolar macrophages (AMs) and the role of p21 in activation of AMs in bleomycin (BLM) injury-induced lung fibrosis. The expression of CD206 in AMs was measured by immunofluorescence staining. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was used to detect the expression of macrophage activation markers. The coculture assay for macrophage and fibroblast was employed to explore the effect of macrophage on fibroblast activation. Immunofluorescence staining and western blotting assay were adopted to detect the expression of p21 in fibrotic tissues. AMs were treated with p21 knockdown or overexpression virus, RT-PCR and the co-culture system were used to explore the effect of p21 expression on macrophage activation. The Experimental Animal Welfare Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College approved all of the protocols for this research. Our results showed that the expression of CD206 and macrophage activation markers was increased in AMs from fibrotic mice, indicating that AMs from fibrotic mice were associated with a profibrotic phenotype. Moreover, the expression of p21 was upregulated in AMs after BLM treatment. Depletion of p21 suppressed macrophage activation, while overexpression of p21 promoted the profibrotic phenotype of AMs from healthy mice. In summary, BLM injury causes the progressive accumulation of p21 in AMs, which induces the production of a number of profibrotic factors promoting the development of pulmonary fibrosis.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 350-360, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777179

ABSTRACT

Facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT) are proteins that mediate glucose transmembrane transport in the form of facilitated diffusion, which play an important role in regulating cell energy metabolism. There are many breakthroughs in researches of facilitative GLUT in recent years. It has been known that there are 14 subtypes of facilitative GLUT with obvious tissue specificity in distribution and physiological function. In the present review, the tissue and cellular distribution, subcellular localization, expression regulation, physiological function and the relationship to diseases of facilitative GLUT subtypes were summarized, in order to further understand their physiological and pathophysiological significances.


Subject(s)
Biological Transport , Disease , Energy Metabolism , Glucose , Glucose Transport Proteins, Facilitative , Physiology , Humans
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Identification of new risk factors is needed to improve prediction of adverse outcomes in patients with three-vessel disease (TVD). The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic values of serum chloride and sodium levels in patients with TVD.@*METHODS@#We used data from a prospective cohort of consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed TVD. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to analyze the relationship of serum chloride and sodium levels with long-term outcomes of TVD patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8,318 participants with available serum chloride and sodium data were included in this analysis. At baseline, patients in the low tertiles group of serum chloride level (⪕ 102.0 mmol/L) or serum sodium level (⪕ 139.0 mmol/L) had more severe disease conditions. During a median follow-up of 7.5-year, both low serum chloride level and low serum sodium level were found to be associated with an increased risk for mortality in univariate analysis. However, when both parameters were incorporated into a multivariate model, only low serum sodium level remained to be an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio: 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.34, P = 0.041). Modest but significant improvement of discrimination was observed after incorporating serum sodium level into the Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum sodium level is more strongly associated with long-term outcomes of TVD patients compared with serum chloride level. Low serum sodium level is an independent risk factor for mortality, but only provides modest prognostic information beyond an established risk model.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Epidemiology , Chlorides , Blood , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Mortality , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Sodium , Blood
6.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1044-1048, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703922

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the association between acquired thrombocytopenia and long-term clinical outcome among stable coronary artery disease patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: We analyzed clinical data of 8 271 consecutive patients who underwent elective PCI in Fuwai Hospital from January 2013 to December 2013. Acquired thrombocytopenia was defined as platelet count <150×109/L after PCI in patients with normal baseline platelet count value. We compared data on demographic, clinical, laboratory, and 30-month outcome between non-thrombocytopenic and thrombocytopenic patients and identified the independent predictors of acquired thrombocytopenia post PCI. Results: Acquired thrombocytopenia developed in 654 (7.91%) patients (634 [7.67%] patients had mild thrombocytopenia, 20 [0.24%] patients had moderate or severe thrombocytopenia). Patients who developed thrombocytopenia had higher 30-month rate of all cause death (2.3% vs 1.0%, P=0.0086) and cardiogenic death (1.2% vs 0.5%, P=0.0261). Moderate or severe thrombocytopenia was associated with a 13-fold increased risk for cardiogenic death, 7-fold increased risk for stent thrombosis,11-fold increased risk for myocardial infarction compared with patients without thrombocytopenia. Conclusions: Acquired thrombocytopenia after PCI is common in stable coronary artery disease patients and is independently associated with increased risk of long-term adverse outcome in these patients.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 953-957, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703908

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To observe the prevalence of bleeding and to explore the independent predictors of bleeding in ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction patients with fibrinolysis therapy in China. Methods: From January 2013 to June 2014, 1 568 patients undergoing fibrinolysis in the Chinese Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (CAMI) were prospectively included. Patients were divided into bleeding group (bleeding after fibrinolysis, n=55) and no bleeding group (without bleeding after fibrinolysis, n=1 513). Logistic regression analysis was performed to define the independent predictors of bleeding. Results: The prevalence of bleeding with fibrinolysis in these patients was 3.5% (55/1 568). The fibrinolysis success rate is 86%. Among them, the rate of intracranial bleeding was 0.6%, and the rate of gastrointestinal bleeding was 1.9%. The fibrinolysis success tended to be higher in patients with bleeding (94.1% vs 85.7%, P=0.0589) ,and the mortality rate was significantly higher in patients with bleeding (20.0% vs 7.1%, P=0.0019) . Logistic regression analysis showed that age≥75 years (OR=2.45, 95%CI:1.10-5.46, P=0.0290) and use of rtPA (HR=3.41, 95%CI:1.48~7.86, P=0.0040) were independent predictors of bleeding after fibrinolysis in this patient cohort. Conclusions: The prevalence of bleeding after fibrinolysis in Chinese STEMI patients is low. Older age and rtPA use are independent predictors of bleeding after fibrinolysis in this patient cohort.

8.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 251-255, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703849

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the relationship between bicycle ownership status and physical activity, time of sitting, overweight or obesity in China. Methods: Based on the information of China cohort from Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, we conducted a cross-sectional description. Multivariable linear and multivariable Logistic regression analysis were respectively used to distinguish the differences of physical activity, time of sitting, overweight or obesity status between bicycle owners and non-bicycle owners. Results: A total of 42 677 participants were analyzed, the average age was (51.23±9.72) years including 40.9% male. There were 27 744 (65.0%) bicycle owners, their MET-min/week for total physical activity, work, transportation,domestic and recreation time were 2513.00 (1114.00, 5271.00), 444.00 (0.00, 735.00), 420.00 (0.00, 990.00), 600.00 (180.00,1260.00) and 198.00 (0.00, 693.00) respectively; time of sitting was (1397.03±832.13) min/week and waist circumference was (81.03±10.53) cm. With adjusted potential confounders, bicycle owners had more transportation activity, while less total physical activity, work, domestic and recreation time than non-bicycle owners; bicycle owner had more time of sitting and less risk of obesity; BMI and waist-to-hip ratio were similar between bicycle owners and non-bicycle owners. Conclusion: Bicycle owners had more transportation related physical activity and less risk of obesity; while the total physical activity, domestic and recreation related physical activity might be reduced in them.

9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 117-122, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703826

ABSTRACT

Objective: Residual SYNTAX score (rSS) can be used as the independent predictor for clinical prognosis and the tool for quantifying incomplete revascularization (IR) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Our work assessed the prognostic value of rSS on large-scale PCI patients in China. Methods: A total of 10 724 CAD patients undergoing PCI in our hospital in 2013 were studied; 381 patients with previous CABG and hybrid procedure were excluded, 10 343 patients were finally enrolled. Baseline SYNTAX score (bSS) and rSS were calculated before and after PCI. Complete revascularization (CR) was defined by rSS=0 and IR was defined by rSS≥1. The patients were followed-up for 30 months. Clinical endpoint events included MACE, a composite event of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization; all-cause death, cardiac death, MI, all-cause death/MI and revascularization.Results: There were 5 050/10 343 (48.8%) patients having CR and 5 293 having IR including 1 908 (18.4%) patients with 1≤rSS≤4, 1 777 (17.2%) with 4<rSS≤9 and 1608 (15.5%) with rSS>9. Patients with the higher rSS had more clinical comorbidity and more complicated coronary lesions. Compared with CR patients, IR patients had the higher incidences of 30-month clinical endpoint events. As rSS increasing, the incidence of MACE was elevating accordingly. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that rSS was the independent predictor for MACE and all other endpoints occurrence. Conclusion: IR patients especially those with rSS>9 had the higher incidence of adverse clinical outcomes. rSS has been a good tool for quantifying revascularization and assessing prognosis in PCI patients in China.

10.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 536-540, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698060

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical data of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer(LACC)treated with preoperative radiotherapy plus chemotherapy combined with surgery. Methods Seventy patients with LACC(stage ⅠB2,ⅡA2 andⅡB)who were treated in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were selected in this study.All the cases were randomly divided into two groups.The observation group(n=35)was treated with three-dimensional intracavitary brachytherapy plus chemotherapy combined with surgery, while the control group (n=35) was treated with radical radiotherapy.Patients of the two groups were followed up after the treatment.The recent and long term complications were recorded and observed in the two groups.Meanwhile,the survival curves were drawn by Kaplan-Meier,and the difference of total survival rate was compared with the Log-rank method between the two groups. Results The incidence of rectal reaction was less in the observation group than that in the control group(14.3% vs.37.1%,χ 2=4.786,P<0.05).There were no significant differences in bone marrow suppression,gastrointestinal reaction and bladder reaction between the two groups (P>0.05). The incidence rates of radioactive bladder injury (8.6% vs. 31.4%) and radionuclide injury (11.4% vs. 34.2%) were less in the observation group than those in the control group(χ2=5.714 and 5.185 respectively,P<0.05).The survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the total survival rate between the two groups of stageⅠB2+ⅡA2 and stageⅡB patients(Log rank χ2=0.081 and 0.376,P>0.05).Conclusion For patients with locally advanced cervical cancer, preoperative radiotherapy plus chemotherapy combined with surgery can reduce the incidence of related complications, meanwhile, there is no significant difference in the total survival rate and the mean survival time after the treatment of the two methods.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 84-87, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697979

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of calreticulin and its correlation with autoantibodies and inflammatory cytokines in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods Serum samples were obtained from 106 patients with early active RA, 95 patients with stable RA, 85 osteoarthritis (OA) and 80 healthy controls (HC). Serum levels of calreticulin, anti- cyclic peptide antibody (CCP), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were measured by enzyme-linked immnuosorbent assay (ELISA). The serum level of rheumatoid factor (RF) was detected by immunoturbidimetry. The correlations between serum calreticulin and inflammatory cytokines were evaluated using Spearman's rank correlation test. Results Serum levels of calreticulin were significantly higher in patients with early active RA [(5.84±2.62)μg/L] than those in patients with stable RA [(4.26±1.42)μg/L], patients with OA [(3.92±1.10)μg/L] and HC [(3.86 ± 0.91)μg/L] (P<0.001). There were no statistical differences in serum levels of calreticulin between stable RA, OA and HC groups (P>0.05). Serum levels of calreticulin were significantly higher in RF-positive RA patients than those of RF-negative RA patients [(6.12±2.87)μg/L vs. (4.92±1.22)μg/L, P=0.045]. Serum calreticulin levels were also significantly higher in anti-CCP-positive RA patients than those of anti-CCP-negative RA patients [(6.39±2.93)μg/L vs. (4.69±1.17)μg/L, P=0.002]. The serum level of calreticulin was positively correlated with IL-1β (rs=0.386, P=0.009), IL-6 (rs=0.405, P=0.006) and TNF-α(rs=0.428, P=0.003) in early active RA patients. Conclusion The elevated serum level of calreticulin is related to autoantibodies and inflammatory cytokines in early RA patients, suggesting that calreticulin can be used as a potential biomarker for early diagnosis and prognosis of RA.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of estradiol on the expression of antioxidant enzymes in osteoblasts and its role in postmenopausal osteoporosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat models of osteoporosis established by ovariectomy were treated with estradiol for 3 months, and the changes in serum levels of reactive oxygen species (HO) and antioxidant enzymes (γ -GCS, GSH-ST and GSH-px) were detected. The effects of estradiol on the expression of γ -GCS mRNA and protein in osteoblast-like cells MC3T3-E1, MG63 and OB were examined with PCR and Western blotting. Using a mRNA microarray, we analyzed the changes in the expressions of 84 antioxidant enzymes in the osteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 following estradiol treatment, and the enzymes with significant changes were verified by PCR. CCK-8 kit was used to evaluate the effect of estradiol and antioxidant NAC on the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rat models of osteoporosis were successfully established with ovariectomy. The osteoporotic rats showed significantly increased serum level of reactive oxygen species (H2O2) and decreased levels of antioxidant enzymes. Estrogen treatment of the osteoporotic rats obviously reversed the phenotype of osteoporosis, lowered serum level of reactive oxygen species, and increased the level of γ -GCS. In MC3T3-E1, MG63 and OB cells, estradiol treatment significantly upregulated the expression levels of γ -GCS mRNA and protein. In MC3T3-E1 cells treated with estrogen, the mRNA chip identified 6 upregulated antioxidant enzymes (Gpx6, Gstk1, Nos2, Prdx2, Ngb and Ccs), and the results of PCR verified that estradiol upregulated Ccs and Ngb mRNAs in MC3T3-E1, MG63 and OB cells. Estradiol and antioxidant NAC obviously promoted the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Estradiol significantly increases the expression of antioxidase γ -Gcs, Ccs and Ngb in osteoblasts in vitro. Postmenopausal osteoporosis is closely related with the increase of reactive oxygen species and the decrease of antioxidant levels. In osteoblasts, estrogen deficiency may increase the level of reactive oxygen species, decrease the level of antioxidant enzymes, activate the oxidative stress cascade, and consequently inhibit the proliferation of osteoblasts to aggravate the condition of osteoporosis.</p>

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-9, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with premature triple-vessel disease (PTVD) have a higher risk of recurrent coronary events and repeat revascularization; however, the long-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and medical therapy (MT) alone for PTVD patients is controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of PTVD patients among these three treatment strategies, to find out the most appropriate treatment methods for these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two patients with PTVD (age: men ≤50 years and women ≤60 years) were enrolled between 2004 and 2011. The primary end point was all-cause death. The secondary end points were cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or repeat revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PCI, CABG, and MT alone were performed in 933 (52.1%), 459 (25.6%), and 400 (22.3%) patients. Both PCI and CABG were associated with lower all-cause death (4.6% vs. 4.1% vs. 15.5%, respectively, P < 0.01) and cardiac death (2.8% vs. 2.0% vs. 9.8%, respectively, P < 0.01) versus MT alone. The rate of repeat revascularization in the CABG group was significantly lower than those in the PCI and MT groups. After adjusting for baseline factors, PCI and CABG were still associated with similar lower risk of all-cause death and cardiac death versus MT alone (all-cause death: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.23-0.53, P < 0.01 and HR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.18-0.70, P = 0.003, respectively, and cardiac death: HR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.19-0.54, P < 0.01 and HR: 0.36, 95% CI: 0.14-0.93, P = 0.03, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PCI and CABG provided equal long-term benefits for all-cause death and cardiac death for PTVD patients. Patients undergoing MT alone had the worst long-term clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT02634086. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02634086?term=NCT02634086&rank=1.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299287

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for gene delivery in murine renal tissue using lentivirus vector encoding miR-483-5p.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group, low-dose treatment group (5 µL each kidney) , and high?dose treatment group (20 µL each kidney), and in the latter two groups, the lentivirus vector encoding miR-483-5p were injected in the renal cortex. The tissue samples were collected at 7 and 21 days after the injection. A transgenic mouse model with inducible systemic overexpression of miR-483-5p was established in TG483 mice. The Cre-loxp system was used to create a mouse model with renal tubule-specific expression of miR-483-5p. The levels of BUN in the mice were detected and HE staining and fluorometric TUNEL assay were used to observe the morphological changes of the kidneys; real-time qPCR was used to detect miR-483-5p expression in the renal cortex.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mice with overexpression of miR-483-5p had normal renal function without obvious pathological changes or apoptosis in the renal tissue. Renal cortex injection of 20 µL lentivirus resulted in obviously increased level of miR-483-5p at 21 days (1.2∓0.43 vs 8.6∓1.09, P<0.001). miR-483-5p showed a low expression (0.9∓0.09 vs 1.7∓0.19, P<0.05) in TG483 mice and a high expression in the kidney of the transgenic mice established using the Cre-loxp system (1.6∓1.13 vs 12.36∓3.89, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The transgenic mice with renal tubule-specific expression of miR-483-5p show normal renal function, and this model facilitates further study of the role of miR-483-5p in the kidney.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845463

ABSTRACT

Notwithstanding the noteworthy advances in its treatment, malignant tumor remains one of the main diseases threatening human health. Therefore, it is urgent to search and develop novel anticancer drugs with high curative effect and less side effect. In this review, we focus on summarizing the physio-chemical properties, preparation processes, anti-tumor activity mechanisms, clinical effects, side effects, and main isomers, especially the research progress of temsirolimus, with the hope to provide some reference for the further research.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1944-1950, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the contents of principal component and related substances of ammonium glycyrrhizinate by methods contained in different pharmacopoeias and a new method established by our lab. METHODS: The methods for quality control of ammonium glycyrrhizinate in the latest edition of European Pharmacopoeia, British Pharmacopoeia, national drug standards of China, and the method established by our laboratory were employed to determine the contents of the principal component isomers and related substances of ammonium glycyrrhizinate in its raw materials and pharmaceutical products. The methods were evaluated and compared regarding the chromatographic features, resolution of principal component isomers, experimental cost, content determination results, and the advantages and disadvantages of each method were discussed. RESULTS: The mobile phases adopted in aforementioned pharmacopoeias are all acidic, which could not effectively separate 18α-glycyrrhizinic acid and 18β-glycyrrhizinic acid, thus could not truly reflect the contents of 18α-glycyrrhizinic acid, 18β-glycyrrhizinic acid, related substances A, and the related substances in the raw materials and pharmaceutical products. The resolution of principal component isomer by our method was 1.5, complying to the pharmacopoeia requirement. The content determination results of ammonium glycyrrhizinate raw materials by the four methods had no significant difference. CONCLUSION: Among the four methods, the method established by our laboratory performed best in terms of accuracy and practicability. This method has shorter detection time, lower cost, reduced toxicity and pollution, and the results are accurate and reliable, which suggests that it can be used for the chiral resolution of 18α-glycyrrhizinic acid and 18β-glycyrrhizinic acid and the content determination of principal component and related substances of the raw material and pharmaceutical products of ammonium glycyrrhizinate. This study provideds reference for further revision of the quality control method in Pharmacopoeia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318689

ABSTRACT

The metabolomic analysis of three Cimicifuga species was performed using H-NMR spectroscopy and pattern recognition (PR) techniques. A broad range of metabolites could be detected by 'H-NMR spectroscopy without any chromatographic separation. The analysis using principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant partial least square (DPLS) of the 1H-NMR spectrum showed a clear discrimination between C. foetida and the other two species. The major metabolites responsible for the discrimination were triterpenoid saponins and saccharides. These results indicated that the combination of 1H-NMR and PR provides a useful tool for chemotaxonomic analysis and authentification of Cimicifuga species, and could used for the quality control of plant materials.


Subject(s)
Cimicifuga , Classification , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Classification , Reference Standards , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Methods , Metabolomics , Methods , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Principal Component Analysis , Protons , Saponins , Triterpenes
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1286-1291, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259481

ABSTRACT

A simple, fast and sensitive analytical method for the simultaneous separation and detection of 18alpha-glycyrrhizinic acid, 18beta-glycyrrhizinic acid, related substance A and related substance B by RP-HPLC and drug quality standard was established. The structures of principal component isomer and related substances of raw material drug of ammonium glycyrrhizinate have been confirmed. Reference European Pharmacopoeia EP7.0 version, British Pharmacopoeia 2012 version, National Drug Standards of China (WS 1-XG-2002), domestic and international interrelated literature were referred to select the composition of mobile phase. The experimental parameters including salt concentration, pH, addition quantities of organic solvent, column temperature and flow rate were optimized. Finally, the assay was conducted on a Durashell-C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm) with 0.01 mol x mL(-1) ammonium perchlorate (add ammonia to adjust the pH value to 8.2) -methanol (48 : 52) as mobile phase at the flow rate of 0.8 mL x min(-1), and the detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. The column temperature was 50 degrees C and the injection volume was 10 microL. The MS, NMR, UV and RP-HPLC were used to confirm the structures of principal component isomer and related substances of raw material drug of ammonium glycyrrhizinate. Under the optimized separation conditions, the calibration curves of 18 alpha-glycyrrhizinic acid, 18beta-glycyrrhizinic acid, related substance A and related substance B showed good linearity within the concentration of 0.50-100 microg x mL(-1) (r = 0.999 9). The detection limits for 18alpha-glycyrrhizinic acid, 18beta-glycyrrhizinic acid, related substance A and related substance B were 0.15, 0.10, 0.10, 0.15 microg x mL(-1) respectively. The method is sensitive, reproducible and the results are accurate and reliable. It can be used for chiral resolution of 18alpha-glycyrrhizinic acid, 18Pbeta-glycyrrhizinic acid, and detection content of principal component and related substances of raw material drug of ammonium glycyrrhizinate. It is concluded that the separation of principal component isomer of raw material drug of ammonium glycyrrhizinate and the validity of the substance's structure assignments of retention time being 1.2 in the European pharmacopoeia EP7.0 version, British pharmacopoeia 2012 version remains open to question. It may be of practical value for the quality control of raw material drug, preparation, and Chinese herbal medicine of ammonium glycyrrhizinate.


Subject(s)
Ammonium Compounds , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Chemistry , Isomerism , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control , Reference Standards , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
19.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 423-426, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860785

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare selened Lycium barbarum polysaccharides sulfates (Se-LBPS) and to investigate its antioxidation activity and inhibitory effect on Hela cell growth. METHODS: Se-LBPS was prepared through reaction of laboratory-made sulfated Lycium barbarum polysaccharides with sodium selenite using acedic acid as the catalyst, and it was characterized by means of Fourie transform infrared spectroscopy. The antioxidation activity was investigated by spectrophotometry, and the inhibitory action of Se-LBPS on the growth of human cervical carcinoma Hela cell in vitro was examined using MTT method. RESULTS: The eliminating ratios of hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical for Se-LBPS achieved 60.51% and 47.9%, respectively. The growth inhibiton ratio of human cervical carcinoma Hela cell by Se-LBPS was better than LBPS and selened Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (Se-LBP). The inhibition ratio was positively correlated with Se-LBPS concentration. An inhibition ratio of 59.67% was achieved with 200 μg · mL-1 Se-LBPS. CONCLUSION: Se-LBPS has obvious antioxidation activity which is stonger than selenium sweet potatoleaf polysaccarides, and marked inhibitory effects on human cervical carcinoma Hela cell growth stonger than folic acid. Copyright 2012 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 189-193, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321472

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The assembled data from a population could provide information on health trends within the population. The aim of this research was to extract and know basic health information from an urban professional population in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data analysis was carried out in a population who underwent a routine medical check-up and aged > 20 years, including 30 058 individuals. General information, data from physical examinations and blood samples were collected in the same method. The health status was separated into three groups by the criteria generated in this study, i.e., people with common chronic diseases, people in a sub-clinic situation, and healthy people. The proportion of both common diseases suffered and health risk distribution of different age groups were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proportion of people with common chronic diseases, in the sub-clinic group and in the healthy group was 28.6%, 67.8% and 3.6% respectively. There were significant differences in the health situation in different age groups. Hypertension was on the top of list of self-reported diseases. The proportion of chronic diseases increased significantly in people after 35 years of age. Meanwhile, the proportion of sub-clinic conditions was decreasing at the same rate. The complex risk factors to health in this population were metabolic disturbances (61.3%), risk for tumor (2.7%), abnormal results of morphological examination (8.2%) and abnormal results of lab tests of serum (27.8%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Health information could be extracted from a complex data set from the heath check-ups of the general population. The information should be applied to support prevention and control chronic diseases as well as for directing intervention for patients with risk factors for disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Female , Health Status , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sex Distribution , Urban Population , Young Adult
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