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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Shuangshen Ningxin capsules (SSNX) on cardiac hemodynamics and cardiac function in rats with coronary microvascular dysfunction. Method:Rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a nicorandil group (5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high- (180 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (90 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (45 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) SSNX groups. Rats received corresponding drugs for 7 days. Two hours after the last administration, the model of coronary microvascular dysfunction was induced by left ventricular injection of embolic microspheres (40-120 μm, about 1 000 microspheres). Twenty-four hours after modeling, left ventricular internal dimension in diastole (LVIDd), left ventricular internal dimension in systole (LVIDs) left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), and left ventricular shortening rate (FS) were detected by echocardiography. Cardiac catheterization was used to observe the arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), maximum rate of increase in left ventricular pressure (LV+dp/dt<sub>max</sub>), and maximum rate of decrease in left ventricular pressure (LV-dp/dt<sub>max</sub>), and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) was calculated. Heart rate (HR) was calculated according to Ⅱ lead ECG. Biochemical analysis was carried out to detect the activities of creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT). Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax, and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining to observe the area of myocardial infarction. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of the myocardium. Result:As revealed by echocardiography, compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed reduced SV, CO, EF, and FS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and increased LVIDs and LVEDV (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the SSNX groups showed increased EF (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) and FS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the high- and medium-dose SSNX groups displayed reduced LVIDs and LVESV, and increased LVEDV, SV, and CO (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). SBP, DBP, MAP, LVSP, LV+dp/dt<sub>max</sub>, and LV-dp/dt<sub>max</sub> in the model group were lower than those in the sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while there was no significant difference in HR. SSNX improved hemodynamics of rats, and increased SBP, DBP, MAP, LVSP, LV+dp/dt<sub>max</sub>, LV-dp/dt<sub>max</sub>, and HR as compared with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The serum CK, LDH, CK-MB, and cTnT levels in the model group were higher than those in the sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, SSNX groups reduced serum CK, LDH, CK-MB, and cTnT (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01). Compared with the sham operation group, the model group displayed increased expression of Caspase-3 protein in the myocardium (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and reduced expression of Bcl-2 protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The expression of Caspase-3 protein in the myocardium of SSNX groups was lower than that in the model group, and statistical difference was observed between the low-dose SSNX group and the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the SSNX groups exhibited increased expression of Bcl-2 in the rat myocardium, and the statistical difference was observed in the high-dose SSNX group <italic>(P</italic><0.01). As demonstrated by the TTC staining, compared with the model group, SSNX groups showed reduced areas of myocardial infarction (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The HE staining indicated that the pathological injury in myocardial tissues of the SSNX groups was relieved as compared with that in the model group. Conclusion:SSNX can significantly enhance the cardiac function after coronary microvascular dysfunction caused by embolic microspheres, improve cardiac hemodynamics, reduce the area of myocardial infarction, and decrease CK, LDH, CK-MB, and cTnT levels. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of cardiomyocyte apoptosis to protect the myocardium.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Shuangshen Xionglian (SSXL) granules on vasculopathy and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/serine threonine kinase (Akt)/nitrogen oxide synthase (eNOS) signal in hyperhomocysteinemia chronic kidney disease rats. Method:Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham operation group, model group, and high, medium and low-dose (8, 4, 2 g·kg-1) SSXL groups. The model of hyperhomocysteinemia chronic kidney disease in rats was established with high methionine feed combined with 5/6 nephrectomy. After 5/6 nephrectomy, continuous intragastric administration lasted for four weeks. Arterial blood pressure was measured at the 4th and 8th weeks after operation. At the end of the 8th week after the operation, blood was collected to determine serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, homocysteine (Hcy), methionine and blood lipid. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway-related proteins, such as p-p85, p-Akt and p-Ser177 in thoracic aorta, and serum NO and eNOS were measured. The changes of endothelium-dependent relaxation and non-endothelium-dependent relaxation were measured by the method of isolated thoracic aorta ring. Pathological htoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the changes of renal tissue and thoracic aorta. Result:At the 8th week of the experiment, compared with the sham operation group, arterial systolic blood pressure, serum urea nitrogen, creatinine, Hcy, methionine, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein of the model group were significantly increased. Four weeks later after administration, arterial systolic blood pressure, serum urea nitrogen, Hcy, methionine, serum total cholesterol and serum low-density lipoprotein were significantly reduced in each dose group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The creatinine in the SSXL 8, 4 g·kg-1 group was significantly reduced (P<0.05). The nitric oxide content of SSXL in each dose groups were increased compared with that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the serum eNOS activity of the SSXL in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group was significantly increased compared with that in the model group (P<0.05). The endothelium dependent and non-endothelium dependent vasodilation of thoracic aortic rings in the model group were significantly damaged. The cumulative concentration of acetylcholine (1×10-5.5~1×10-4 mmo1·L-1) in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group was significantly improved (P<0.05, P<0.01). The diastolic degree of the vascular ring in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group was significantly higher than that in the model group (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the expressions of p-85, p-Akt and p-Ser177 in blood vessels increased in the sham group compared with those in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the phosphorylation level of this pathway was increased in the SSXL groups, and the expressions of p-Akt and p-Ser177 in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05). The pathological results showed that the pathological changes of thoracic aorta and renal tissue in the dosages of SSXL were significantly reduced compared with those in the model group. Conclusion:SSXL granules can improve hyperhomocysteine and dyslipidemia in rats of chronic kidney disease with hyperhomocysteine, reduce serum creatinine, urea nitrogen levels and arterial systolic blood pressure, and improve vascular morphology and diastolic function, which may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of Qihong capsule on pentobarbital sodium induced heart failure in beagle dogs. Method:Thirty healthy adult beagle dogs were randomly divided into 6 groups, 6 in each group. They were normal group, model group, digoxin tablet group (40 μg·kg-1), Qihong capsule high, medium and low dose groups (2.6,1.3,0.65 g·kg-1). The heart failure model of beagle dogs was established by intravenous infusion of 2% pentobarbital sodium. The success standard of the model was that the maximum rate of rise of left ventricular pressure was reduced by 70%.The corresponding drugs were given through duodenum. The Ⅱ lead electrocardiogram, coronary blood flow, cardiac output, left ventricular pressure and maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise were measured by multi-channel physiological recorder. The arterial oxygen content and coronary sinus oxygen content were measured by Roche blood oxygen analyzer at different time points, and the myocardial oxygen utilization rate was calculated. Result:After intravenous infusion of 2% pentobarbital sodium for about 15 minutes, beagle dogs began to show obvious symptoms of heart failure. The main manifestations were the increase of PR interval of Ⅱ lead electrocardiogram, the decrease of coronary blood flow, left ventricular pressure, cardiac output, cardiac output, venous oxygen content, and the increase of myocardial oxygen utilization rate (P<0.01) compared with the model group, Qihong capsule significantly increased coronary blood flow at 60-120 min after treatment (P<0.05). The cardiac output of 2.6 g·kg-1 Qihong capsule increased significantly at 45-60 min after treatment, with the maximum increase of about 16%, which was significantly different from that of model group (P<0.05). At the same time, it can increase the oxygen content of coronary sinus blood, which indicates that the myocardial oxygen supply is increased and the oxygen utilization rate is decreased. Qihong capsule 1.3 g·kg-1 group significantly increased the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise (P<0.05), the maximum increase rate was about 42%. Conclusion:Qihong capsule can increase coronary blood flow and venous blood oxygen content at the same time, make myocardial nutrient supply sufficient, reduce oxygen utilization rate, on this basis, Qihong capsule can further increase cardiac output and improve cardiac function, so as to play a protective role in heart failure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of oral administration of Tianlong Tongxin tablet on acute myocardial ischemia and related indexes in experimental dogs. Method:The model of acute myocardial ischemia in dogs was established and the dogs were divided into the control group (equal amount of normo-cyclodintrin 10 g·kg-1), Hexinshuang group (5 mg·kg-1), Tianlong Tongxin tablet high, medium and low dose groups (1, 0.5, 0.25 g·kg-1) and the compound Danshen tablet group (0.144 g·kg-1). Myocardial ischemia degree was measured by epicardium electrocardiogram, the range of myocardial infarction was determined by quantitative histology (N-BT staining), and coronary blood flow, cardiac output, myocardial oxygen consumption, coronary resistance and peripheral resistance were measured. Meanwhile, serum creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were detected by optical kit. Result:As compared with the control group, Tianlong Tongxin tablet can reduce the myocardial ischemia degree (∑-ST) measured by the electrocardiogram of the pericardium (P<0.05), reduce the infarcted area shown by N-BT staining (P<0.05), reduce the venous oxygen content (P<0.05), increase the coronary flow, cardiac output and myocardial oxygen consumption of anesthetized dogs, and reduce the coronary artery resistance and peripheral resistance (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the influence of serum CK, LDH, SOD activity and MDA content in serum. Conclusion:Tianlong Tongxin tablet can improve acute myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction in dogs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852410

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents of the stems and leaves of Clausena hainanensis. Methods The chemical constituents of C. hainanensis were separated and purified by silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analysis, as well as comparisons with the data reported in literature. Results Eighteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. hainanensis, which were identified as mukonine (1), methyl carbazole-3-carboxylate (2), lansine (3), murrayanine (4), 3-formylcarbazole (5), 3-formyl-6-methoxycarbazole (6), lansamide 4 (7), 4-methoxy-N-methyl-2-quinolone (8), (E)-N- (4-methoxyphenethyl)-2-methylbut-2-enamide (9), (E)-N-methyl cinnamon amide (10), N-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl) cinnamamide (11), N-benzoyltyramine (12), aurantiamide (13), N-methyl-2-pyrolidinone (14), coumaric acid (15), 6,8-dimethoxy-4,5-dimethyl-3- methyleneisochromanl-one (16), 8-methoxypsoralen (17), and isololiolide (18). Conclusion This is the first time reporting the chemical constituents from C. hainanensis, all compounds are isolated from C. hainanensis for the first time, and compounds 12-16 are isolated from the genus Clausena for the first time.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1865-1870, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779799

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the effect of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution on rats with myocardial ischemia injury. Left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was occluded in rats to establish the model. Yinxing Mihuan oral solution was given by intragastric administration daily for one week at dosage of 309 and 618 mg·kg-1. Cardiac ultrasound function, pathologic change and serum myocardial enzymes were determined to evaluate the effect of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution. The heart function was significantly reduced in the model group compared with sham operation group, and the pathologic damage was clear. The changes were significantly improved by Diltiazem hydrochloride tablets in heart function and ejection fraction (P -1) (P P < 0.01). In addition, Yinxing Mihuan oral solution decreased the myocardial damage and inhibited inflammatory reaction, and inhibited platelet activation factor. Yinxing Mihuan oral solution can protect against myocardial ischemia injury, inflammation and platelet activation in the rat model.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1698-1704, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779778

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Danlou (correspondence between prescription and syndrome) tablet and Shengmai capsule (non-correspondence between prescription and syndrome) on mini-swine phlegm-stasis syndrome of coronary heart disease (CHD). 24 mini-swines were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, Danlou tablet group (0.24 g·kg-1) and Shengmai capsule group (0.14 g·kg-1). Phlegm-stasis syndrome of coronary heart disease was established by high-fat feeding and coronary intervention balloon injury. After 8 weeks of administration, blood lipid levels and blood rheology was detected. Echocardiography was used to examine the changes in heart function, and the extent of infarction was determined by nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) staining method. The main symptoms, accompanied symptoms, tongue and pulse signs of the coronary heart disease mini-swine with phlegm-stasis syndrome were observed according to the symptom-graded scoring method. The results showed that Danlou tablet decreased serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P P P P P P P P P P P P < 0.05). However, Shengmai capsule failed to show therapeutic effects on blood lipid metabolism, the myocardial infarction area and primary symptom and syndrome score. The results suggest that as a drug for the treatment of Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome of CHD, Danlou tablet has limited therapeutic effects on phlegm-stasis syndrome of CHD. Only by the prescription correspondence with syndrome, using drug for the treatment of phlegm-stasis syndrome of CHD to treat phlegm-stasis syndrome of CHD, the prescription has a comprehensive therapeutic effect.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230058

ABSTRACT

Salvianolic acid A (SAA), one of the major active water-soluble salvianolic acids of traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, has been reported to be effective on anti-myocardial ischemia, anti-oxidation and anti-thrombus. This study aimed to investigate appropriate administration route on dogs with acute myocardial ischemia(AMI). Twenty-four dogs were randomized into four groups (n=6), model, oral administration of SAA (8 mg•kg⁻¹), intravenous administration of SAA (4 mg•kg⁻¹), intravenous administration of Herbesser(0.5 mg•kg⁻¹) as positive drug group. AMI model was established by ligating left anterior descending coronary arteries(LAD) of dogs. Changes of ST segment were determined by epicardial electrocardiogram(ECG), coronary blood flow (CBF) and myocardial oxygen consumption were measured by ultrasonic Doppler flow meter, serum creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were observed by fully automatic biochemical analyser. Myocardial infarct size was assessed by nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) staining. Both oral and intravenous administration of SAA reduced the myocardial infarct area/left ventricle area significantly [(16.73±6.52)% and (13.19±2.38)%, compared with (24.35±4.89)% in model group, P<0.01). Oral administration of SAA improved the ECG performance of Σ-ST from 30-190 min after ischemia (P<0.05-0.01), while intravenous SAA had a rapid onset (10-190 min after ischemia, P<0.05-0.01). Compared with model group, oral and intravenous SAA both decreased serum CK and LDH significantly (P<0.05-0.01), while the difference of intravenous administration is more significant. SAA protects myocardium in canine experimental myocardial infarction models. Intravenous administration of SAA alleviates myocardial infarction with greater significance than oral route.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate that the effect of formula of removing both phlegm and blood stasis in improving cardiac function of Chinese mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Totally 36 Chinese mini-swine were randomly divided to six groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Danlou tablet group, and Tanyu Tonzhi Fang(TYTZ) groups with doses of 2. 0, 1. 0 and 0. 5 g kg-1, with six in each group. Except for the normal control group, all of other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 2 weeks. Interventional balloons are adopted to injure their left anterior descending artery endothelium. After the operation, they were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the coronary heart disease model of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome. After the operation, they were administered with drugs for 8 weeks. The changes in the myocardial ischemia were observed. The changes in the cardiac function and structure were detected by cardiac ultrasound and noninvasive hemodynamic method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed significant increase in myocardial ischemia and SVR and obvious decrease in CO, SV and LCW in noninvasive hemodynamic parameters (P <0.05 or P <0.01). The ultrasonic cardiogram indicated notable decrease in IVSd, LVPWs, EF and FS, and remarkable increase in LVIDs (P<0. 05 orP<0.01). Compared with the model group, TYTZ could reduce the myocardial ischemia, strengthen cardiac function, and improve the abnormal cardiac structure and function induced by ischemia (P <0. 05 or P <0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TYTZ shows a significant effect in improving cardiac function of Chinese mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome. The clinical cardiac function detection method could be adopted to correctly evaluate the changes in the post-myocardial ischemia cardiac function, and narrow the gap between clinical application and basic experimental studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Heart , Hemodynamics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucus , Metabolism , Swine , Swine, Miniature , Ultrasonography
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the effect of the zedoary essential component-eluting stent (ZES) on a porcine coronary neointimal formation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ZES, sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), and bare metal stents (BMS) were randomly implanted in three different major epicardial vessels in 36 balloon-injured pigs. Coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histomorphological analysis were used to determine antihyperplasia effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ZES and SES had a significantly larger lumen diameter and area, and reduced diameter and area of stenosis in arteries at 30 and 90 days compared with arteries implanted with BMS (P<0.01). Histomorphometric analysis showed moderate inflammatory responses, such as infiltration of mononuclear cells, lymphocytes, and multinucleated giant cells in some arteries with SES compared with ZES (P<0.05). Injury scores were not different among the three groups at 30 and 90 days. The endothelialization score in the SES group was 2.69 ± 0.42 at 30 days and 2.83 ± 0.39 at 90 days compared with the ZES and BMS groups (both were 3.00 ± 0.00 at either 30 or 90 days, P<0.05). Well developed endothelium was observed in the ZES group, while incomplete endothelium and inflammatory cells were observed with stent struts partly naked at the vessel lumen in the SES group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ZES inhibits neointimal hyperplasia with good endothelia coverage in the porcine balloon injury coronary model.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Pharmacology , Coronary Stenosis , Pathology , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , Curcuma , Chemistry , Endothelium, Vascular , Pathology , Inflammation , Pathology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Neointima , Pathology , Prosthesis Implantation , Stents , Sus scrofa , Time Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326491

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the specific metabonomic profiling of serum from colorectal cancer patients to find out the low molecule metabolites associated intimately with colorectal cancer,and to establish specific metabolic model for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The metabonomic profiles of the serum samples from colorectal cancer(CRC) patients(n =31) and healthy adults(n =8) were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique combined with a commercial mass spectral library for the peak clustering based on metabolites.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-four endogenous metabolites including some amino acids, carbohydrates, fatty acids and other intermediate metabolites were identified. By t test statistics with P<0.05, P<0.01 respectively, L-valine, L-threonine, 1-deoxyglucose, glycine and ribitol levels were decreased significantly, but 3-hydroxybutyric acid level was increased significantly in the CRC patient group as compared with healthy adult group. PLS-DA based on these metabolites discriminated two groups for each other. Hierarchical clustering based on above 6 significant differential metabolites revealed that the prediction accuracy of colorectal cancer group was 93.5%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GC-MS technique is an alternative tool for the metabonomic study and would be certainly beneficial to the pathological research, early diagnosis and therapy evaluation of CRC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Female , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Humans , Metabolomics , Middle Aged
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259353

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the potential markers of colorectal cancer metastasis and the influence of 5-FU on differentially expressed proteins by using proteomic technology, and to elucidate the mechanism of colorectal cancer metastasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human colorectal carcinoma cell lines of different metastatic potential, Lovo and SW480 were conventionally cultured, and the protein was extracted. 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of 5-FU to these two cell lines was measured by MTT assay. Proteins of these two cell lines after intervention by 5-FU at IC(50) were extracted, then 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis was conducted for the proteins. The differential protein spots were examined by mass spectrometry and analyzed by bioinformatics. Difference of expressed proteins in two cell lines before and after the intervention of 5-FU was validated by Western blot and immunofluorescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eleven differentially expressed proteins were identified by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. The hnRNP K protein and PDI were selected to be examined by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Results revealed that the expression of hnRNP K in Lovo was higher than that in SW480, while the expression of PDI was lower in Lovo. After intervention by 5-FU at IC(50), the expression of hnRNP K in Lovo decreased more as compared to SW480, while the expression of PDI in SW480 increased more as compared to Lovo.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are significant differences in expression of hnRNP K and PDI proteins between Lovo and SW480 cell lines, and the proteins alter regularly after 5-FU intervention.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Fluorouracil , Pharmacology , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Proteomics
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