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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820640


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the expression levels of pluripotent genes among incomplete reprogrammed colonies and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), to explore the relationship between the expression of pluripotent genes and incomplete reprogramming.@*METHODS@#Four genes (Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, C-Myc) were introduced into human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) by retroviruses. The HFFs were induced to reprogramming. Different forms of colonies were picked up, analyzed, and compared with iPSCs from different aspects, including the morphology of clones, alkaline phosphatase (AP) staining, immuno-fluorescence, and Q-PCR.@*RESULTS@#In the reprogramming process, different colonies were emerged, some of them exhibited typical human embryonic stem cell morphology (eg., compact colonies, high nucleus-to-cytoplasm ratios, and prominent nucleoli). However, these colonies couldn't maintain these characters after passage. There was an intermediate state, named partially reprogramming. Through analysis and identification, AP staining results were weakly positive, compared with iPSC colonies. The immuno-fluorescence staining demonstrated these colonies just expressed pluripotent protein Oct4. Q-PCR indicated that the expression of exogenous transcription factors was inappropriate, either at a high level or at a low level. Most of the endogenous pluripotency genes were expressed at a low level.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It may be one of the causes of incomplete reprogramming that the exogenous pluripotent gene is low-expressed or over-expressed, and successful reprogramming may depend on a specific stoichiometric balance of Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc.

Animals , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Cellular Reprogramming , Genetics , Child , Fibroblasts , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Physiology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Octamer Transcription Factor-3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Retroviridae , Genetics , Stage-Specific Embryonic Antigens , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection , Methods
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 829-833, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356365


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study possible influences of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on endothelial cell proliferation, apoptosis and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression of aorta in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice and to explore the relationship between vitamin D and atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Endothelial cell of aorta in apoE(-/-) mice were isolated and cultured, and the influence of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on endothelial cell proliferation were observed by MTT, apoptosis of cells were quantitated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labelling, Bcl-2 mRNA, fas mRNA and eNOS mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Endothelial cell proliferation rate of aorta did not significantly change in the two control groups (0.162 ± 0.031 vs. 0.158 ± 0.006, P > 0.05). Compared with control groups, 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) stimulated endothelial cell proliferation of aorta (P < 0.05), but endothelial cell proliferation rate did not significantly change in different 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) concentration groups [1,25(OH)(2)D(3) concentration: 10(-4)mol/L, 10(-5) mol/L, 10(-6) mol/L, 10(-7) mol/L, 10(-8) mol/L, endothelial cell proliferation rate: 0.189 ± 0.013 vs. 0.285 ± 0.011 vs. 0.296 ± 0.026 vs. 0.284 ± 0.017 vs. 0.233 ± 0.010, P > 0.05]. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) research concentration as chosen as 10(-6) mol/L. In 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) 10(-6) mol/L group, the expression of Bcl-2, eNOS mRNA was significantly increased (0.78 ± 0.16 vs. 0.46 ± 0.21 vs. 0.42 ± 0.17, 0.56 ± 0.16 vs. 0.39 ± 0.13 vs. 0.35 ± 0.11, 0.46 ± 0.2 vs. 10.42 ± 0.17 vs. 0.78 ± 0.16, 0.79 ± 0.21 vs. 0.81 ± 0.20 vs. 0.43 ± 0.12), apoptotic index, Fas mRNA was significantly decreased (15.14 ± 3.19 vs. 18.94 ± 4.22 vs. 19.27 ± 4.58, 0.43 ± 0.12 vs.0.79 ± 0.21 vs. 0.81 ± 0.20)(P < 0.05). The quantity of eNOS gene expression was inversely associated with apoptosis index and Fas mRNA, was positively associated with Bcl-2 mRNA (r = -0.676, -0.758, 0.762, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>1,25(OH)(2)D(3) stimulated endothelial cell proliferation, inhibited apoptosis and increased eNOS expression of aorta in apoE(-/-) mice. These results may deepen understanding of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.</p>

Animals , Aorta , Metabolism , Apolipoproteins E , Apoptosis , Calcitriol , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Female , Male , Mice , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 450-454, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326337


<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To compare the in vitro killing effects of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) induced by dendritic cells(DCs) that modified with 4 different specific hAFP-derived peptides.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DCs derived from normal human peripheral monocytes were activated by GM-CSF and IL-4. MTT assay was applied to analyse the proliferation activities of the DCs. To induce the specific CTLs, DCs modified with four immunodominant epitopes from alpha fetoprotein (AFP) were cocultured with MNC derived CD8+ lymphocytes. The acquired specific CTLs were cocultured with SMMC-7721 cells at different dilutions, and the killing effects were detected by flow-cytometry and Non-Radioactive Cytotoxity kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The CTLs stimulated by DCs modified with the four immunodominant epitopes from alpha fetoprotein (AFP) had specific killing activities on the SMMC-7721 cells. And statistical differences of the killing effects existed between the hAFP(158-166) (FMNKFIYEI) group and the other three groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CTLs induced by the DCs modified with the four immunodominant peptides had significant killing effects on the hepatocellular cancer cells in vitro. The hAFP(158-166) (FMNKFIYEI) peptide had a relatively higher efficiency in inducing DCs and stimulating specific CTLs.</p>

Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Peptides , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , alpha-Fetoproteins , Classification , Allergy and Immunology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280094


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of ephrinB2 gene transfection on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into vascular endothelial cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Wistar rat BMSCs were isolated by density gradient centrifugation and purified on the basis of their adhesion ability. The BMSCs were transfected with a lenti-virus vector encoding a constitutively active form of human ephrinB2 gene, and the cell markers including CD105, CD73, CD44, von Willebrand factor (VWF) and vascular growth factor receptor 2 (KDR) were detected using flow cytometry. The potential of ephrinB2-BMSCs for differentiation into osteoblasts and adipoblasts in vitro were tested, and the differentiation of the cells into endothelial-like cells was induced by culture in the presence of 2% fetal bovine serum and 50 ng/ml vascular endothelial growth factor.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EphrinB2-BMSCs were positive for the markers CD105, CD73 and CD44, and negative for the typical endothelial markers like VWF and KDR, and retained high potentials for differentiation into osteoblasts and adipoblasts in vitro after cultivation in respective media. After induced differentiation, ephrinB2-BMSCs expressed VWF and KDR and showed greater ability of differentiation into vascular endothelial cells and formation of capillary structures on matrix gel than the BMSCs without transfection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EphrinB2 gene transfection efficiently promotes the differentiation of BMSCs into vascular endothelial cells. These genetically engineered cells provide valuable sources for new therapies of coronary heart disease.</p>

Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Ephrin-B2 , Genetics , Physiology , Genetic Therapy , Methods , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transfection
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 318-322, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277854


To study insulino-mimetic effects of bis(alpha-furancarboxylato) oxovanadium (IV) (BFOV), a orally active antidiabetic vanadyl complex, on glucose uptake and lipogenesis in isolated rat adipocytes were determined by using 2-deoxy-D-[3H]-glucose and D-[3H]-glucose, respectively. Lipolysis was assayed by free fatty acids (FFA) released from isolated rat adipocytes treated with epinephrine. The results showed that BFOV, similar to insulin, concentration-dependently significantly enhanced the uptake of 2-deoxy-D-[3H]-glucose and the transformation from D-[3H]-glucose to lipid in isolated rat adipocytes, with the EC50 values of (0.31 +/- 0.08) mmol L(-1) and (0.49 +/- 0.12) mmol L(-1), respectively. Moreover, BFOV markedly inhibited FFA release from isolated rat adipocytes treated with epinephrine, and the IC50 value was (0.30 +/- 0.20) mmol L(-1). BFOV had insulino-mimetic effects such as enhancing glucose uptake and lipogenesis, as well as inhibiting lipolysis.

Adipocytes , Metabolism , Animals , Blood Glucose , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Insulin , Pharmacology , Lipogenesis , Male , Organometallic Compounds , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 755-760, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269374


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common causes of death in the world. Some studies suggested that CHD begins in childhood. Obesity and dyslipidemia are important risk factors of coronary heart disease. Apolipoprotein (apo)E gene associated with dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease. The present study was designed to investigate the expression status of apoE gene in peripheral blood monocyte and association of apoE gene expression with lipids in children with obesity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 32 children with obesity and 32 healthy children without obesity or overweight, ApoE gene expressions were determined by competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood monocyte. The concentrations of plasma triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), apoA I, apoB(100) and apoE were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Expression of apoE gene was detected in peripheral blood monocyte. Expression of apoE gene was significantly reduced in children with obesity as compared with control group (0.29 +/- 0.14 moles/mole GAPDH mRNA vs. 0.36 +/- 0.10 moles/mole GAPDH mRNA, t = 2.15, P < 0.05). The more severe was the degree of obesity, the more significantly reduced the expression of apoE gene; the degree of obesity was negatively correlated with the levels of expression of apoE gene (correlation coefficient = -0.40, P < 0.05). Compared with control group, the levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and apoB(100) were higher, and those of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, apoA I and apoE were lower in children with obesity [(1.68 +/- 0.50) mmol/L vs. (0.99 +/- 0.54) mmol/L, (4.47 +/- 0.91) mmol/L vs. (3.33 +/- 0.90) mmol/L, (2.23 +/- 0.71) mmol/L vs. (1.13 +/- 0.96) mmol/L, (94.48 +/- 9.97) mg/dl vs. (83.81 +/- 15.64) mg/dl, (1.47 +/- 0.39) mmol/L vs. (1.73 +/- 0.36) mmol/L, (112.71 +/- 27.86) mg/dl vs. (134.80 +/- 45.36) mg/dl, (24.50 +/- 10.92) mg/L vs.(35.07 +/- 9.79) mg/L, respectively, P < 0.05]. ApoE gene expression was associated with plasma lipids metabolism in children with obesity. The quantity of apoE gene expression was inversely associated with low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, positively correlated with apoE (correlation coefficient = -0.33, 0.35, respectively, P < 0.05). The quantity of apoE gene expression was not associated with total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), apoA I, and apoB(100) (correlation coefficient = -0.19, -0.11, 0.16, 0.09, 0.18, 0.22, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expression of apoE gene was significantly reduced in peripheral blood monocyte in children with obesity. The quantity of apoE gene expression was associated with degree of obesity and abnormality of blood lipids.</p>

Apolipoproteins E , Genetics , Child , Cholesterol , Blood , Cholesterol, HDL , Blood , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Gene Expression , Genetics , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Male , Obesity , Blood , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Triglycerides , Blood