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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1028-1032, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323498

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the number of peripheral blood CD5(+) B cells and their ability of secreting IL-10 in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated from 57 pre-treated, 40 post-treated ITP patients and 25 controls using Ficoll-Hypaque density centrifugation and then stained with PE-CD5/FITC-CD19 for flow cytometric analysis. After 24-hour culture, lymphocytes were stained with APC-IL-10 for intracellular cytokine detection. ELISA assay was employed to determine IL-10 concentration in supernatants.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage and absolute number of CD5(+) B cells in peripheral blood from pre-treated ITP patients were significantly higher than that from normal controls (3.75 ± 2.37)% vs (2.10 ± 1.08)%, P < 0.01; (6.29 ± 5.77)× 10(7)/L vs (3.06 ± 1.90)× 10(7)/L, P < 0.01. CD5(+) B cells expressed more intracellular IL-10 than other lymphocyte subsets both in ITP patients and normal controls. The percentages of IL-10(+) cells within CD5(+) B cells in pre-treated ITP patients and normal controls were (29.51 ± 20.73)% and(15.90 ± 9.58)%, respectively(P < 0.01). Intracellular mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of IL-10 in CD5(+) B cells was 27.95 ± 13.99 in pre-treated patients, which was significantly higher than that in controls (P < 0.01). In contrast, IL-10 concentration in supernatants was (173.05 ± 102.50) ng/L in pre-treated ITP group, which was lower than that (230.61 ± 76.96) ng/L in controls. In patients who achieved remission, the number of CD5(+) B cells decreased to level comparable to normal controls. While intracellular IL-10 MFI of CD5(+) B cells in post-treated ITP patients remained as high as in pre-treated ones, the IL-10 concentration in supernatants increased to level similar to controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The significantly increased number of CD5(+) B cells and accumulated IL-10 in CD5(+) B cells suggested impaired IL-10 secretion in ITP patients. The number and the ability of secreting IL-10 of CD5(+) B cells could be restored after effective treatments in patients with ITP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , CD5 Antigens , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244956

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the T cell (helper T cells) immune status in ITP patients and its relation with therapeutic response. 20 de novo ITP patients were enrolled (8 males, 12 females) with a median age of 41 (20 to 81). Real-time RT-PCR method was used to measure the gene expression of Th cells including T-bet, IFN-γ, GATA-3, TGF-β, Foxp3, IL-2, IL-4 in PBMNC of ITP patients before and after conventional dose of prednisone therapy [1 mg/(kg·d)] and in PBMNC of 20 normal controls. The results showed that T-bet, IFN-γ and IL-2 were significantly over-expressed in PBMNC of ITP patients before treatment compared with that in normal controls (p < 0.01), and compared with that before treatment, T-bet, IFN-γ, and IL-2 were markedly down-regulated in ITP patients after treatment. Before treatment, the expressions of Foxp3, TGF-β, GATA3 and IL-4 in ITP patients did not show difference from normal controls, while after treatment Foxp3 were more up-regulated than that before treatment (p < 0.05). After treatment, TGF-β expression showed a different pattern between old and young patients. TGF-β expression was down-regulated (p < 0.05) among ITP patients younger than 60, while up-regulated in older patients. It is concluded that there is an imbalance of Th1/Th2/Treg cytokines in ITP patients, which can be reversed by glucocorticoid treatment. The conventional dose of glucocorticoid may be regarded as effective therapy for de novo ITP patients, it may correlate with improvement of imbalance between Th1/The2/Treg cytokines.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , T-Box Domain Proteins , Metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism , Young Adult
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