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1.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 57-62, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006918

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease involving multiple organ system. Renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) is a leading cause of death for adult TSC patients. Our study aims at investigating the clinical manifestations of TSC-RAML to enable clinicians to have a better understanding of the disease in Chinese patients.MethodsWe reviewed retrospectively the data collected from patients with TSC-RAML in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to January 2023. We also collected information about the age, gender, imageological examination, RAML stage, and comorbidities.ResultsA total of 186 TSC-RAML patients were registered, 65 of whom were males and 121 were females(male-to-female ratio 1∶1.86). The median age of all patients was 31 years old. Totally, 117 cases (62.9%)of RAML were rated stage 6. Twenty-two cases (11.8%) had a history of tumor rupture and bleeding. Research shows statistical differences between high and low grade on RAML rupture bleeding(P=0.0475). Angiofibromas/fibrous cephalic plaque (155/186, 83.3%), subependymal nodules(103/146, 70.5%), lymphangioleiomyomatosis (102/157, 65.0%), hypomelanotic macules (114/186, 61.3%), and shagreen patch (83/186, 44.6%)were the most common clinical manifestations. All patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis(LAM) were female(P < 0.0001).ConclusionsFemale patients predominated TSC-RAML patients. Most RAML were in stage 6. About 11.8% cases had a history of tumor rupture and hemorrhage. The higher grade meant the higher proportion of tumor rupture and hemorrhage. Dermatological and nervous lesions were the most common comorbidities. All patients with LAM in this study were female.

2.
Journal of Tradition Chinese Medicine ; (24): 1745-1749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987104

ABSTRACT

@#This paper summarized professor ZHANG Lei′s experience in treating scleroderma from “extraordinary pathogens entering collaterals”. The basic pathogenesis of scleroderma is “extraordinary pathogens entering the collaterals”, and extraordinary pathogens can be divided into external and internal categories. External extraordinary pathogens are mostly exogenous wind, cold and damp pathogens, and the pathogenesis is wind, cold and damp invading skin stria and retaining collaterals. Most of the endogenous extraordinary pathogens are turbid phlegm and blood stasis, and the pathogenesis is endogenous phlegm and stasis leaving the channels and overflowing the collaterals, and blocking the collaterals. Blocked by extraordinary pathogens for a long time, the long illness will lead to deficiency and develop into a syndrome of collaterals excess and channels deficiency. Therefore, professor ZHANG creats Tengluo Beverage (藤络饮) as the basic formula to unblock collaterals and dispel pathogens, and recommends to add or subtract it according to the different syndrome and pathogenic characteristics of the edema stage, sclerosis stage, and atrophy stage. In the edema stage, it is advised to expel wind, remove dampness and unblock the collaterals, while in the sclerosis stage, the method of dissolving phlegm, expelling stasis and unblocking collaterals should be used; in the atrophic stage, it is suggested to differentiate the deficiency of qi, blood, yin and yang, and eliminate extraordinary pathogens on the basis of reinforcing healthy qi .

3.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1745-1749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984525

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized professor ZHANG Lei′s experience in treating scleroderma from “extraordinary pathogens entering collaterals”. The basic pathogenesis of scleroderma is “extraordinary pathogens entering the collaterals”, and extraordinary pathogens can be divided into external and internal categories. External extraordinary pathogens are mostly exogenous wind, cold and damp pathogens, and the pathogenesis is wind, cold and damp invading skin stria and retaining collaterals. Most of the endogenous extraordinary pathogens are turbid phlegm and blood stasis, and the pathogenesis is endogenous phlegm and stasis leaving the channels and overflowing the collaterals, and blocking the collaterals. Blocked by extraordinary pathogens for a long time, the long illness will lead to deficiency and develop into a syndrome of collaterals excess and channels deficiency. Therefore, professor ZHANG creats Tengluo Beverage (藤络饮) as the basic formula to unblock collaterals and dispel pathogens, and recommends to add or subtract it according to the different syndrome and pathogenic characteristics of the edema stage, sclerosis stage, and atrophy stage. In the edema stage, it is advised to expel wind, remove dampness and unblock the collaterals, while in the sclerosis stage, the method of dissolving phlegm, expelling stasis and unblocking collaterals should be used; in the atrophic stage, it is suggested to differentiate the deficiency of qi, blood, yin and yang, and eliminate extraordinary pathogens on the basis of reinforcing healthy qi .

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2963-2975, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982898

ABSTRACT

Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) has been made an attractive anticancer target due to its overexpression in cancers. However, targeting it has often produced the disappointing results as the role played by cross talk with numerous downstream signalings. Here, we report a disobliging IGF-1R signaling which promotes growth of cancer through triggering the E3 ubiquitin ligase MEX3A-mediated degradation of RIG-I. The active β-arrestin-2 scaffolds this disobliging signaling to talk with MEX3A. In response to ligands, IGF-1Rβ activated the basal βarr2 into its active state by phosphorylating the interdomain domain on Tyr64 and Tyr250, opening the middle loop (Leu130‒Cys141) to the RING domain of MEX3A through the conformational changes of βarr2. The models of βarr2/IGF-1Rβ and βarr2/MEX3A could interpret the mechanism of the activated-IGF-1R in triggering degradation of RIG-I. The assay of the mutants βarr2Y64A and βarr2Y250A further confirmed the role of these two Tyr residues of the interlobe in mediating the talk between IGF-1Rβ and the RING domain of MEX3A. The truncated-βarr2 and the peptide ATQAIRIF, which mimicked the RING domain of MEX3A could prevent the formation of βarr2/IGF-1Rβ and βarr2/MEX3A complexes, thus blocking the IGF-1R-triggered RIG-I degradation. Degradation of RIG-I resulted in the suppression of the IFN-I-associated immune cells in the TME due to the blockade of the RIG-I-MAVS-IFN-I pathway. Poly(I:C) could reverse anti-PD-L1 insensitivity by recovery of RIG-I. In summary, we revealed a disobliging IGF-1R signaling by which IGF-1Rβ promoted cancer growth through triggering the MEX3A-mediated degradation of RIG-I.

5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 443-453, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982715

ABSTRACT

This study employed the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity model as an anti-diabetic assay and implemented a bioactivity-guided isolation strategy to identify novel natural compounds with potential therapeutic properties. Hypericum sampsoniiwas investigated, leading to the isolation of two highly modified seco-polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) (1 and 2), eight phenolic derivatives (3-10), and four terpene derivatives (11-14). The structures of compounds 1 and 2, featuring an unprecedented octahydro-2H-chromen-2-one ring system, were fully characterized using extensive spectroscopic data and quantum chemistry calculations. Six compounds (1, 5-7, 9, and 14) exhibited potential inhibitory effects against α-glucosidase, with IC50 values ranging from 0.050 ± 0.0016 to 366.70 ± 11.08 μg·mL-1. Notably, compound 5 (0.050 ± 0.0016 μg·mL-1) was identified as the most potential α-glucosidase inhibitor, with an inhibitory effect about 6900 times stronger than the positive control, acarbose (IC50 = 346.63 ± 15.65 μg·mL-1). A docking study was conducted to predict molecular interactions between two compounds (1 and 5) and α-glucosidase, and the hypothetical biosynthetic pathways of the two unprecedented seco-PPAPs were proposed.


Subject(s)
Molecular Structure , Hypericum/chemistry , alpha-Glucosidases , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 176-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of rapid identification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus using different algorithms of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometer. Methods:Totally 314 clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were selected from the bacterial bank at Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2017 to June 2019. The samples were identified by MALDI-TOF MS, and screened by cefoxitin disk method (inhibition ring diameter £21 mm) and PCR mecA gene. The strains were divided into a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) group (130 strains) and a methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) group (184 strains). Then, after collecting the spectrograms of these samples using formic acid extraction, the MRSA group and MSSA group were divided into three subgroups each, namely MRSA-1 (43 strains), MRSA-2 (42 strains), MRSA-3 (45 strains) and MSSA-1 (60 strains), MSSA-2 (61 strains) and MSSA-3 (63 strains). The groups were studied using genetic algorithm (GA), fast classification algorithm (QC) and supervised neural network algorithm (SNN) in the ClinProTools software on the Bruker MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer, and the convolutional neural network algorithm (CNN) in the Ex-SmartSpec software on the Zhongyuan Hui-Ji mass spectrometer. These studies were repeated for 3 rounds. The first round with MRSA-1 and MRSA-2, MSSA-1 and MSSA-2 being model groups, MRSA-3 and MSSA-3 being validation groups. The validation groups were rotated for each round. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve expansions of the four algorithms were used to confirm each program′s performance. Then, 38 MRSA strains and 40 MSSA clinical strains were selected from the bacterial bank of the Laboratory of Beijing Tongren Hospital from July 2019 to December 2019, and were put through the formic acid extraction method to collect their spectra. These samples were tested independently with their convolutional neural network models. Results:After three rounds of modeling and verification, the areas under the ROC curves of the three Bruker ClinProTools programs were as follows: for genetic algorithm, the areas were 0.89, 0.74, and 0.64 respectively; for fast classification algorithm, the areas were 0.77, 0.95, and 0.94 respectively; and for supervised neural network algorithm, the areas were 0.90, 0.98, and 0.98 respectively. The areas under the ROC curves of the convolutional neural network algorithm with Zhongyuan Huiji mass spectrometer′s Ex-SmartSpec software were 0.95, 0.99, and 0.99 respectively. The independent test results of convolutional neural network algorithm showed that these results have an accuracy, specificity, sensitivity and AUC of 88.82% (810/912), 81.15% (779/960), 84.88% (1 589/1 872) and 0.92 respectively.Conclusions:The supervised neural network algorithm of Bruker′s ClinProTools and the convolutional neural network algorithm of Zhongyuan Hui-Ji mass spectrometer′s EX-Smartspec is clinically acceptable for rapid identification of MRSA performance indicators. Using convolutional neural network algorithm and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, MRSA strains can be identified quickly, providing timely advice for clinical medications.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 354-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of G-rich RNA sequence binding factor 1 (GRSF1) in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice and the relationship with ferroptosis.Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), cerebral I/R group (IR group), cerebral I/R+ GRSF1 overexpression group (IR+ LV-GRSF1 group), and cerebral I/R+ GRSF1 overexpression+ glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) inhibitor group (IR+ LV-GRSF1+ RSL3 group). The model of middle cerebral artery occlusion was developed by thread-occlusion method in anesthetized animals. In IR+ LV-GRSF1 group, GRSF1-overexpressed lentivirus 2 μl was injected into the lateral ventricle at 7 days before the development of the model. GPX4 inhibitor RSL3 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected for 2 consecutive days before the development of the model in IR+ LV-GRSF1+ RSL3 group. After 24 h of reperfusion, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was determined by TTC assay, the survival neurons in ischemic area were detected by Nissl staining, and brain tissues in ischemic area were obtained for determination of the expression of p16, p21(markers of senescence) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α, senescence-associated secretory phenotype) mRNA (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction), contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione (GSH) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and expression of GRSF1, GPX4, Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) and ferritin (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was significantly increased, the count of viable neurons was decreased, the expression of p16, p21 and TNF-α mRNA in ischemic brain tissues was up-regulated, SOD and GSH contents were decreased, the MDA content was increased, the expression of GRSF1 and GPX4 was down-regulated, and the expression of ACSL4 and ferritin was up-regulated in IR group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was significantly decreased, the count of viable neurons was increased, the expression of p16, p21 and TNF-α mRNA in ischemic brain tissues was down-regulated, SOD and GSH contents were increased, the MDA content was decreased, the expression of GRSF1 and GPX4 was up-regulated, and the expression of ACSL4 and ferritin was down-regulated in IR+ LV-GRSF1 group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR+ LV-GRSF1 group, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was significantly increased, the count of viable neurons was decreased, the expression of p16, p21 and TNF-α mRNA in ischemic brain tissues was up-regulated, SOD and GSH contents were decreased, the MDA content was increased, the expression of GRSF1 and GPX4 was down-regulated, and the expression of ACSL4 and ferritin was up-regulated in IR+ LV-GRSF1+ RSL3 group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:GRSF1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism against cerebral I/R injury by up-regulating GPX4 expression, attenuating oxidative stress, and thus inhibiting ferroptosis in mice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 336-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) in acute renal injury in a mouse model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and the relationship with nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway.Methods:Twenty-four SPF-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, with body mass index of 24-28 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), myocardial I/R group (I/R group) and myocardial I/R + CIRP-derived peptide C23 group (I/R+ C23 group). The model of myocardial I/R was developed by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120-min reperfusion in anesthetized animals. CIRP-derived peptide C23 8 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected before myocardial ischemia and reperfusion in I/R+ C23 group, while Sham group was only threaded without ligation. Blood samples were collected from the right internal carotid artery at 120 min of reperfusion for determination of the serum creatine kinase isoenzymes (CK-MB), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations. Renal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes, and the tubular injury score was assessed. The expression of NF-κB, phosphorylated NF-κB (p-NF-κB), Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 in renal tissues was detected by Western blot. The expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), NLRP3, IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results:Compared with Sham group, the levels of serum CK-MB, LDH, Cr and BUN and renal tubule injury score were significantly increased, the expression of p-NF-κB, NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 was up-regulated, the expression of TLR4, NLRP3, IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury to renal tissues was aggravated in I/R group. Compared with I/R group, the serum CK-MB, LDH, Cr, BUN and renal tubular injury score were significantly decreased, and the expression of p-NF-κB, NLRP3, IL-1β and and IL-18 was down-regulated, the expression of TLR4, NLRP3, IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury to renal tissues was alleviated in I/R+ C23 group. Conclusions:CIRP is involved in the process of acute renal injury in a mouse model of myocardial I/R, which is associated with activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and promotion of inflammatory responses.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 98-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of pre-injection of young rat plasma on cognitive dysfunction after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in aged rats and the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine threonine protein kinase (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.Methods:Seventy-two SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 18 months, weighing 600-650 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C), cerebral I/R group (group IR), pre-injection of young rat plasma group (group P) and PI3K inhibitor LY294002 group (group LY). In group P and group LY, young rat plasma 100 μl/time was injected via the tail vein. In group C and group IR, the equal volume of normal saline was injected via the the tail vein, 2 times a week for 4 weeks. Then the model of cerebral I/R injury was developed under sevoflurane anesthesia in IR, P and LY groups. LY294002 0.3 mg/kg was injected through the tail vein at 1 h before anesthesia in LY group. The neurological deficit score (Longa score) was performed at 24 h after reperfusion, and then 6 rats were randomly sacrificed, and brain tissues were obtained to determine the cerebral infarct volume. Spontaneous mobility and anxiety-like behavior were assessed by the open field test at day 29 of reperfusion, and cognitive function was assessed by the novel object recognition test at day 30 of reperfusion. At the end of the behavioral test, rats were sacrificed, hippocampal tissues were isolated for determination of the expression of phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), postsynaptic dense protein-95 (PSD-95) and synaptic vesicle protein (SYN) (by Western blot), and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region. Results:There was no significant difference in motor speed, distance traveled, and time of staying at the center of the open field among the four groups ( P>0.05). Compared with group C, the Longa score and cerebral infarct volume were significantly increased, the percentage of novel object exploration and discrimination index were decreased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, PSD-95 and SYN in hippocampal tissues was down-regulated, and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons were decreased in IR, P and LY groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group IR, Longa score and cerebral infarct volume were significantly decreased, the percentage of novel object exploration and discrimination index were increased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, PSD-95 and SYN in hippocampal tissues was up-regulated, and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons were increased in group P ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group LY ( P>0.05). Compared with group P, Longa score and cerebral infarct volume were significantly increased, the percentage of novel object exploration and discrimination index were decreased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, PSD-95 and SYN in hippocampal tissues was down-regulated, and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons were decreased in group LY ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Pre-injection of young rat plasma can attenuate cognitive dysfunction after cerebral I/R in aged rats, and the mechanism is related to activation of hippocampal PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and improvement in synaptic plasticity.

10.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 210-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the adverse psychological state and its influencing factors in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke.Methods:In this cross-sectional survey, 120 patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke in the Department of Neurology, Stroke Center in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2021 to March 2022 were selected with convenience sampling method for questionnaire survey. The depression anxiety stress scale-21 (DASS-21), family adaption partnership growth affection resolve index (APGAR) and social support rating scale (SSRS) were used to evaluate the adverse psychological state, family care degree and social support in those patients. And general data of the patients were collected too. A total of 120 questionnaires were sent out and reclaimed, among them 116 were valid. One patient withdrew from the study on his own. Finally, 115 patients were included as research objects. Analysis of variance and LSD-t test were used to compare the adverse psychological state of patients with different characteristics, Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between adverse psychological state and family care and social support. The multivariate linear regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of adverse psychological state in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke. Results:The total DASS-21 score in the 115 patients with dysphagia after stroke was (43.32±6.58) points, of which, it was (16.02±3.45) points in the depression dimension, (14.55±3.27) points in anxiety dimension, (12.75±4.01) points in stress dimension; the total score of APGAR was (5.15±0.87) points, the total score of SSRS was (28.75±5.16) points. Family care and social support were both negatively correlated with adverse psychological state in those patients ( r=-0.514, -0.433, both P<0.05). Marital status, per capita monthly income, number of complications, family care and social support were the influencing factors of adverse psychological state in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke (β′=0.501, -0.365, 0.234, -0.269, -0.372, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke have a higher degree of adverse psychological state. Marital status, per capita monthly income, complications, family care and social support can affect the mental health in those patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 238-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early clinical effect of fascia lata autograft bridging combined with the long head of biceps tendon transposition for treatment of irreparable massive rotator cuff tear.Methods:All of 31 cases of massive irreparable rotator cuff tear treated in our hospital from March 2016 to March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 17 cases (10 males, 7 females) were repaired with fascia lata autograft bridging under arthroscopy (patch group), the average age was 61.47±6.63 (ranging from 51 to 72) and 14 cases (4 males, 10 females) were repaired with fascia lata autograft bridging combined with the long head of biceps tendon transposition (combined group), the average age was 62.57±6.11 (ranging from 53 to 71). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain before operation, at 1 week and 12 months after operation, Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint and American Association of shoulder and elbow Surgeons (ASES) score before operation, at 6 months and 12 months after operation were compared between the two groups. The outcome of rotator cuff healing was evaluated by MRI 1 year after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-27 months (mean 18.33 ±6.8 months). There was no perioperative complication, and there was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05) . The VAS score in the patch group was significantly higher than the combined group 1 week after operation ( t=2.09, P=0.048) , and there was no significant difference in VAS score 12 months after operation between the two groups. Constant-Murley score and ASES score in the combined group were significantly higher than the patch group at 6 months after operation ( t=5.23, P<0.001; t=4.45, P<0.001) , and there was no significant difference in Constant score and ASES score between the two groups at 12 months after operation. Constant score and ASES score in the two groups were significantly higher than those before operation. One year after operation, the MRI of the affected shoulder showed that the incidence of autograft patch thinning (Sugaya grade III) was 52.94%, the autograft patch structure failure rate (Sugaya grade IV and V) was 17.65% in the patch group, the autograft patch thinning rate (Sugaya grade III) was 35.71%, and the structural failure rate (Sugaya grade IV and V) was 7.14% in the combined group. The difference was statistically significant (χ 2=7.12, P=0.028) . Conclusion:Fascia lata autograft patch bridging combined with long head of biceps tendon transposition technique for treatment of irreparable massive rotator cuff tear has less pain 1 week after operation and better recovery of shoulder function half a year after operation. MRI showed better patch healing 1 year after operation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 583-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left atrial(LA) function and its value in predicting left ventricular(LV) remodeling in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) by four dimensional automatic left atrial quantitation (4D Auto LAQ).Methods:A total of 176 patients with CHD were prospectively enrolled in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2021 to September 2022. They were divided into two groups according to left ventricular mass index: LV remodeling group (female>95 g/m 2, male>115 g/m 2, n=88) and Non-LV remodeling group (female≤95 g/m 2, male≤115 g/m 2, n=88). The 3D dynamic image of LA was analyzed by 4D Auto LAQ on machine to obtain the LA parameters, including the minimum, maximum, pre-systolic and emptying volumes of LA (LAVmin, LAVmax, LAVpreA, LAEV), LA ejection fraction (LAEF), LA reservoir longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASr, LASr-c), LA conduit longitudinal and circumferential strains (LAScd, LAScd-c) and LA contraction longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASct, LASct-c). Logistic regression models were used to analyze the value of LA parameters in predicting LV remodeling in patients with CHD. ROC curve was used to evaluate LA parameters and left atrial volume index (LAVI) to predict the diagnostic efficiency of LV remodeling. Results:Compared with the Non-LV remodeling group, LAVmin, LAVmax, LAVpreA were significantly increased and LAEF, LASr, LAScd, LASct, LASr-c, LAScd-c, LASct-c were significantly decreased in the LV remodeling group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression model showed that LASct-c was an independent risk factor for LV remodeling in patients with CHD after adjustment( OR=2.018, 95% CI=1.214-3.355). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of LASct-c for predicting LV remodeling in CHD patients was 0.844, the sensitivity was 0.784, and the specificity was 0.761. Conclusions:4D Auto LAQ can effectively evaluate LA function in patients with CHD.LASct-c can be used as a reference index to predict LV remodeling in patients with CHD, which provides a new evaluation method in prognosis evaluation of CHD patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 258-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference in left ventricular dysfunction between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with hyperlipidemia and those without hyperlipidemia, and analyze the application value of three-dimensional speckle tracking technology.Methods:The clinical data of 70 patients with T2DM admitted to Heji Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College from January 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 35 patients had hyperlipidemia and 35 patients had no hyperlipidemia. At the same time, 40 healthy subjects who concurrently underwent health checkups in the same hospital were included as healthy controls. All subjects underwent routine cardiac ultrasound and 3D-STE examinations. General clinical information and left ventricular function-related parameters, including global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, global area strain, and global radial strain were compared between healthy controls and T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia and those without hyperlipidemia.Results:The proportion of left ventricular remodeling increased in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of left ventricular hypertrophy was the highest in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia. Global longitudinal strain and global circumferential strain in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia were (-16.97 ± 2.59)% and (-17.41 ± 2.50)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (-18.86 ± 2.46)% and (-18.71 ± 2.92)% in healthy controls ( t = 0.95, 0.57, both P < 0.05). Global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, and global area strain in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia were (-14.98 ± 3.15)%, (-15.80 ± 3.16)%, (-27.17 ± 4.54)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (-18.86 ± 2.46)%, (-18.71 ± 2.92)%, (-30.62 ± 4.02)% in healthy controls ( t = 0.46, 1.37, 0.98, all P < 0.05) and (-16.97 ± 2.59)%, (-17.41 ± 2.50)%, (-30.06 ± 3.59)% in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia ( t = 0.37, 1.02, 0.77, all P < 0.05). Global radial strain in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia was significantly higher than [(51.49 ± 8.94)%, t = 1.35, P < 0.05] in healthy controls and [(47.71± 8.46)%, t = 0.98, P < 0.05] in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia. In patients with T2DM, fasting blood glucose and hyperlipidemia were independently correlated with all strain-related parameters. Conclusion:Hyperlipidemia can aggravate left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in patients with T2DM and 3D-STE is one of the examination methods for subclinical left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in T2DM patients with or without hyperlipidemia.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 675-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the external quality control assessment results of urinary iodine, salt iodine and water iodine in iodine deficiency disorders laboratories in Qinghai Province, to evaluate the testing capacity of provincial, municipal and county-level laboratories and the operation of external quality control network, so as to provide quality assurance for consolidating and eliminating iodine deficiency disorders.Methods:In 2021, 1 provincial, 8 municipal, and 43 county-level laboratories in Qinghai Province had participated in the assessment of urinary iodine and salt iodine, while 1 provincial and 8 municipal-level laboratories had participated in the assessment of water iodine. The assessment results were evaluated using the method of reference value ± uncertainty of external quality control samples.Results:All laboratories that participated in the assessment had provided feedback. One provincial-level laboratory passed the assessment of urinary iodine, salt iodine, and water iodine. Among 8 municipal-level laboratories, 2 laboratories failed the urinary iodine assessment, with a pass rate of 6/8; the assessment of salt iodine and water iodine in 8 laboratories were all qualified. Among 43 county-level laboratories, 7 laboratories failed the urinary iodine assessment, with a pass rate of 83.7% (36/43); the assessment of salt iodine in 43 laboratories were all qualified.Conclusions:The external quality control network of iodine deficiency disorders laboratories in Qinghai Province has fully covered all municipal and county-level laboratories. The testing capability of provincial-level laboratory is stable and maintains a high level; the testing quality of some municipal and county-level laboratories is still unstable and needs to be further strengthened.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 310-313, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To follow up the iodine nutrition and intellectual development of school children aged 8-10 years old in Nangqian County of Qinghai Province after 9 years of the implementation of iodine deficiency disorders intervention measures with iodine supplement as the main measure.Methods:In order to improve the iodine nutritional status of the population in Nangqian County, free iodized salt distribution, health education and other intervention measures for iodine deficiency disorders were implemented for 9 consecutive years since 2013. In May 2012 (before iodine supplementation) and September 2021 (after iodine supplementation), the same 5 townships (towns) were selected, and children aged 8-10 years old (half male and half female, age balanced) born locally in the central primary school of each township (town) were selected as the survey subjects. Household edible salt samples and random urine samples were collected for salt iodine and urinary iodine detection; the second revised version of the Chinese Combined Raven's Test (rural version) was used to assess the intelligence quotient (IQ) of children. The Flynn effect (FE) gain was used to adjust IQ, the corrected IQ = (IQ starting point value - current year's IQ value) - FE gain (calculated by 0.74/year). The differences of salt iodine and urinary iodine related indexes, IQ value and corrected IQ were compared before and after iodine supplementation.Results:After iodine supplementation, the coverage rate of iodized salt reached 100.00% (300/300), and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt reached95.00% (285/300), the median urinary iodine increased to 157.20 μg/L, and all indexes met the elimination standard of iodine deficiency disorders. The IQ value of children aged 8-10 years old after iodine supplementation was 99.00 ± 14.90, significantly higher than that before iodine supplementation (82.00 ± 13.20, F = 156.82, P < 0.001). The FE gain in 9 years was 6.66, and the actual IQ gain of children aged 8-10 years old after iodine supplementation was 10.34. There were statistically significant differences in IQ value before and after iodine supplementation in male and female children ( F = 78.84, 78.88, P < 0.001). After iodine supplementation, there was a statistically significant difference in IQ value between children in the 8-year-old group and the 10-year-old group ( P = 0.010). There were statistically significant differences in IQ value before and after iodine supplementation in 8, 9 and 10 years old groups ( F = 55.23, 65.79, 36.85, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Intervention measures for iodine deficiency disorders, mainly iodine supplement, can significantly improve the iodine nutrition status of children aged 8-10 years old, and significantly promote the intellectual development of children.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 65-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the detection quality and external quality control assessment of fluoride and arsenic in laboratories at all levels in Qinghai Province.Methods:The Z-score method was used to analyze and evaluate the evaluation results of 1 provincial, 8 municipal and 43 county level laboratories of disease prevention and control institutions participating in the external quality control assessment of water fluoride and brick tea fluoride in Qinghai Province in 2021, as well as 1 provincial, 1 municipal and 2 county level laboratories of disease prevention and control institutions participating in the external quality control assessment of water arsenic and urine arsenic. The feedback rate and qualification rate of external quality control of each assessment laboratory were calculated.Results:In 2021, the feedback rate of external quality control of water fluoride, brick tea fluoride, water arsenic and urine arsenic in provincial and municipal level laboratories of Qinghai Province were 100.00%; except that the qualified rate of water fluoride was 7/9, the qualified rate of external quality control of other projects was 100.00%. The feedback rate of external quality control of water fluoride, brick tea fluoride, water arsenic and urine arsenic in county level laboratories was 100.00%; except that the qualified rate of water fluoride was 86.05% (37/43), the qualified rate of external quality control of other projects was 100.00%. In the specific assessment results of the laboratory, the assessment results of water fluoride sample FS20210101 from 1 provincial, 1 municipal and 2 county level laboratories, and FS20210102 from 1 county level laboratory were suspicious; the assessment results of water fluoride sample FS20210101 from 3 county level laboratories were not satisfactory; the assessment results of fluoride and arsenic sample in other laboratories were satisfactory.Conclusions:The qualified rate of external quality control of fluoride and arsenic in laboratories at all levels in Qinghai Province is relatively high, but some county level laboratories are still dissatisfied with the assessment results of water fluoride. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the detection level of water fluoride in laboratories.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 468-474, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review qualitative research on maternal participation in skin-to-skin contact experience during cesarean delivery, the promotion of skin-to-skin contact in cesarean section.Methods:We searched databases including the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Ebsco, SinoMed, Wan Fang, CNKI, VIP. All of the qualitative research on the real experience of skin-to-skin contact from the participation of caesarean section women were collected. The search time limit was from the establishment of the databases to May 2022. The JBI Critical Appraisal Tool for qualitative studies from Australia was used to evaluate the methodology quality of the included research, and the meta-aggregation was used to conduct the synthesis.Results:Totally 11 qualified studies were included and integrated into 49 valuable findings. Similar results were summarized into 12 groups, and 4 integrated results were synthesized, including the needs of cesarean section mothers; positive experience after skin-to-skin contact in caesarean section; skin-to-skin contact practice strengthen the role of mothers and promotes breastfeeding; difficulties and challenges of skin-to-skin contact during cesarean section.Conclusions:Skin-to-skin contact positively affects mother and infant delivered by cesarean section. Medical staff need to pay attention to the feelings and needs of cesarean section women participating in skin-to-skin contact, optimize information, environment, and humanistic support, and improve skin-to-skin contact practices. Medical institutions should rationally allocate obstetric resources to alleviate the difficulties faced by skin-to-skin contact practices.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3744-3755, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011141

ABSTRACT

The well-known insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1)/IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway is overexpressed in many tumors, and is thus an attractive target for cancer treatment. However, results have often been disappointing due to crosstalk with other signals. Here, we report that IGF-1R signaling stimulates the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells through the translocation of IGF-1R into the ER to enhance sarco-endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2 (SERCA2) activity. In response to ligand binding, IGF-1Rβ is translocated into the ER by β-arrestin2 (β-arr2). Mass spectrometry analysis identified SERCA2 as a target of ER IGF-1Rβ. SERCA2 activity is heavily dependent on the increase in ER IGF-1Rβ levels. ER IGF-1Rβ phosphorylates SERCA2 on Tyr990 to enhance its activity. Mutation of SERCA2-Tyr990 disrupted the interaction of ER IGF-1Rβ with SERCA2, and therefore ER IGF-1Rβ failed to promote SERCA2 activity. The enhancement of SERCA2 activity triggered Ca2+ER perturbation, leading to an increase in autophagy. Thapsigargin blocked the interaction between SERCA2 and ER IGF-1Rβ and therefore SERCA2 activity, resulting in inhibition of HCC growth. In conclusion, the translocation of IGF-1R into the ER triggers Ca2+ER perturbation by enhancing SERCA2 activity through phosphorylating Tyr990 in HCC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4563-4579, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008042

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the molecular mechanism of silk/threonine protein kinase (STK)-mediated blue light response in the algal Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, phenotype identification and transcriptome analysis were conducted for C. reinhardtii STK mutant strain crstk11 (with an AphvIII box reverse insertion in stk11 gene coding region) under blue light stress. Phenotypic examination showed that under normal light (white light), there was a slight difference in growth and pigment contents between the wild-type strain CC5325 and the mutant strain crstk11. Blue light inhibited the growth and chlorophyll synthesis in crstk11 cells, but significantly promoted the accumulation of carotenoids in crstk11. Transcriptome analysis showed that 860 differential expression genes (DEG) (559 up-regulated and 301 down-regulated) were detected in mutant (STK4) vs. wild type (WT4) upon treatment under high intensity blue light for 4 days. After being treated under high intensity blue light for 8 days, a total of 1 088 DEGs (468 upregulated and 620 downregulated) were obtained in STK8 vs. WT8. KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that compared to CC5325, the crstk11 blue light responsive genes were mainly involved in catalytic activity of intracellular photosynthesis, carbon metabolism, and pigment synthesis. Among them, upregulated genes included psaA, psaB, and psaC, psbA, psbB, psbC, psbD, psbH, and L, petA, petB, and petD, as well as genes encoding ATP synthase α, β and c subunits. Downregulated genes included petF and petJ. The present study uncovered that the protein kinase CrSTK11 of C. reinhardtii may participate in the blue light response of algal cells by mediating photosynthesis as well as pigment and carbon metabolism, providing new knowledge for in-depth analysis of the mechanism of light stress resistance in the algae.


Subject(s)
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/genetics , Photosynthesis/genetics , Plants/metabolism , Protein Kinases , Threonine/metabolism , Carbon/metabolism , Serine/metabolism
20.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 466-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005857

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the value of deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) in improving image quality and reducing beam-hardening artifacts of low-dose abdominal CT. 【Methods】 For this study we prospectively enrolled 26 patients (14 males and 12 females, mean age of 60.35±10.89 years old) who underwent CT urography between October 2019 and June 2020. All the patients underwent conventional-dose unenhanced CT and contrast-enhanced CT in the portal venous phase (noise index of 10; volume computed tomographic dose index: 9.61 mGy) and low-dose CT in the excretory phase(noise index of 23; volume computed tomographic dose index: 2.95 mGy). CT images in the excretory phase were reconstructed using four algorithms: ASiR-V 50%, DLIR-L, DLIR-M, and DLIR-H. Repeated measures ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare the quantitative (skewness, noise, SNR, CNR) and qualitative (image quality, noise, beam-hardening artifacts) values among the four image groups. Post hoc comparisons were performed using Bonferroni test. 【Results】 In either quantitative or qualitative evaluation, the SNR, CNR, overall image quality score, and noise of DLIR images were similar or better than ASiR-V 50%. In addition, the SNR, CNR, and overall image quality scores increased as the DLIR weight increased, while the noise decreased. There was no statistically significant difference in the distortion artifacts (P=0.776) and contrast-induced beam-hardening artifacts (P=0.881) scores among these groups. 【Conclusion】 Compared with the ASiR-V 50% algorithm, DLIR algorithm, especially DLIR-M and DLIR-H, can significantly improve the image quality of low-dose abdominal CT, but has limitations in reducing contrast-induced beam-hardening artifacts.

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