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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 242-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878558

ABSTRACT

To screen the available tomato pollution-safe cultivar varieties and reduce the potential food safety risks in Cd-polluted areas, the differences of Cd accumulation in different tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) varieties in southern China were studied by soil culture and hydroponic experiments. Firstly, the high and low accumulation varieties were selected from 25 tomato varieties under 2.94 mg/kg Cd stress by soil culture test, and then the responses of high and low accumulation tomato varieties to Cd stress were determined by hydroponic experiments. The results of soil culture test show that under 2.94 mg/kg Cd stress, there were significant differences in plant height, total biomass and yield among 25 tomato cultivars, and the Cd contents of fruits of all 25 tomato cultivars exceeded the highest limit value (0.05 mg/kg) of CAC (Codex alimentarius commission). Through cluster analysis, 7, 4 and 14 varieties accumulating relatively high, medium, and low concentrations of Cd in the fruits were screened, among which the highest, the lowest, and the average Cd contents in the fruits were 3.06 mg/kg DW, 1.47 mg/kg DW, and 2.21 mg/kg DW, respectively. The results of hydroponic experiment show that under the same concentration of Cd stress, Qiantangxuri F1, a high Cd accumulating variety, absorbed Cd faster, accumulated more Cd, used shorter oxidative stress response time and had stronger tolerance to Cd than Zhefen 3053, a low Cd accumulating variety. The typical high and low Cd accumulating varieties can provide a reference for agricultural production in heavy metal polluted areas and the development of molecular-assisted breeding methods of PSC. At present, cultivating low Cd accumulating PSC varieties and dynamic monitoring of Cd contents in tomato fruits are feasible methods in medium and light Cd-polluted areas.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Cadmium/toxicity , China , Lycopersicon esculentum , Plant Breeding , Plant Roots/chemistry , Soil Pollutants/toxicity
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404782

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a thrombus-targeted ultrasonic contrast agent and to investigate its targeted ability to fresh blood clots. Methods We first synthesized FITC-KGDS-Palm compound, and then prepared thrombus-targeted microbubbles using "ultrasound & high speed shearing method".Fluorescence labeling thrombus-specific peptides and KGDS,directed at the activated glycoprotein(GP)Ⅱb/Ⅲa receptor of platelets were attached to the surface of lipid microbubbles. The concentration and size of TUCA were measured by Malvern Zeta Sizer Nano-ZS590 and Coulter counter.Immunofluorescence was applied to confirm the conjugation.The conjunct ratio was assessed by flow cytometer (FCM).Results The KGDS-TUCA was straw yellow turbid liquor,and the concentration was 1.5×10~9/mL,and the average size was 1.5 μm. The targeted microbubbles conjugated with the thrombus-specific peptides showed bright green rings by fluorescence microscope.FCM demonstrated that the wavelength of shell of KGDS-TUCA changed greatly,and the conjunct ratio was 90.04%.In vitro study showed KGDS-TUCA remained stable for 48 h at 4 ℃ and target-attached to blood clots and showed good stability.Conclusion The ultrasound & high speed shearing method to prepare TUCA is easy and in favor of purification.KGDS-TUCA has high specific biological activity.The conjunct ratio and stability of KGDS-TUCA are excellent.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-578483

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare the sinomenine hydrochloride multivesicular liposomes with high entrapment efficiency and sustained release character.Methods Multiple emulsion method was used to prepare the sinomenine hydrochloride multivesicular liposomes.Uniform design was applied to optimize the formulation and pharmaceutical process.The shape,the particle size,and the release charcter of the liposome were evaluated.Results The sinomenine hydrochloride multivesicular liposomes prepared were spherical and the size of majority particles was in the range of 20—30 ?m and well distributed.The encapsulation efficiency was more than 80% and its in-vitro release profile accorded well with the Higuchi model with t1/2 up to 52.7 h.Conclusion The formulation and pharmaceutical process of the sinomenine hydrochloride multivesicular liposomes are stable and feasible with the high encapsulation efficiency and good sustained-release character.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576435

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare sinomenine hydrochloride transfersomes and evaluate their qualities. MethodsThree different preparation methods including film dispersion, reverse phase evaporation, and ethanol injection methods were compared according to the encapsulation efficiency of transfersomes. Uniform design was applied to optimize the formulation and pharmaceutical process of reverse phase evaporation. The particle size, the appearance, the Z-potential, and the stability were also evaluated. ResultsThe transfersomes prepared by reverse-phase evaporation method possessed the highest encapsulation efficiency. The ideal combinations of preparation and formulation were: soya lecithin/sodium cholate was 200/30 mg/mg, chloroform/PBS was 5 mL/mL, pH of PBS was 6.5, added sinomenine hydrochloride was 10 mg. The transfersomes obtained were milky white translucent suspension, with a mean encapsulation efficiency of 62.2%. The shape of their particles was spherical or similar to spherical under microscope, which was smooth and disconglutinated with an average diameter of 96.4 nm, and a Z-potential of-35.93 mV. Aggregation or deposition was not observed after exposure under the temperature of 4 ℃ for 30 d. ConclusionThe preparation process of sinomenine hydrochloride transfersomes is feasible, the quality of obtained transfersomes is stable.It is expected to provide a new preparation for clinical use of sinomenine hydrochloride.

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