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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the collateral circulation compensation model in patients with favorable prognosis of basilar artery occlusion/severe stenosis treated with drugs or endovascular therapy.Methods:Clinical data of patients with basilar artery occlusion/severe stenosis and good clinical outcome were retrospectively collected in the Department of Neurology, Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020. They were divided into intensive drug therapy group and combined endovascular therapy group. The number and ways of collateral compensation pathway described by digital substraction angiography (DSA) were analyzed, and the characteristics of the collateral compensation model were summarized. SPSS22.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and the constituent ratio (%) was used for statistical description of the enumeration data.Results:A total of 32 eligible patients were included, including 27 males and 5 females, with an average age 45-76 (59±10) years. The compensation model included posterior communicating artery-posterior cerebral artery (13 cases, 40.6%), posterior communicating artery-posterior cerebral artery-basilar artery (10 cases, 31.2%), cerebellar artery-anastomotic branches of superior cerebellar artery (8 cases, 25.0%), anterior choroid artery-anastomotic branches of posterior choroid artery (2 cases, 6.2%), collateral circulation not established (11 cases, 34.4%).In drug treatment group, collateral compensation was found in the majority (14/15), with mainly posterior communicating artery (10/14).Most patients in combined treatment group did not develop collateral compensation (10/17), anastomotic branches of PICA-SCA were the main routes (6/7).Conclusion:In patients with basilar artery occlusion/severe stenosis, favorable clinical outcome can be achieved in both groups of patients treated with intensive drug therapy or endovascular therapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865198

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of sequential cranial ultrasound (cUS) in the early prognosis of neurodevelopmental outcome in the very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight preterm infants.Method Clinical and examination data of premature infants with birth weight less than 1 500 g,who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital within 24 hours after birth from January 2012 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.Early cranial ultrasound refers to the cUS scans during the period of 0 to 14 days after birth.Classification was applied to the whole set of early cUS scans based on the most severe lesion observed.Index 1 was periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH),which was divided into none and grade 1 to 4 according to the severity.Index 2 was paraventricular white matter echo,which was divided into normal,slightly enhanced and significantly enhanced.The cUS scan repeated at term-equivalent age (corrected gestational age 37 ~ 44 weeks) was referred to as term cUS.Term cUS was evaluated according to paraventricular leukomalacia (PVL) and enlargement of ventricle.Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 16.0.Result A total of 200 premature infants were collected.The gestational age was (30.1 ± 1.9) weeks,and the birth weight was (1 203 ± 186) g.The median time of cUS scans during hospitalization was 3 times.The age at which the Gesell Development Diagnosis Scale was completed was (11.8 ±4.0) months,the corrected age was (9.7 ±4.0) months.The development quotient (DQ) of gross motor was lower than that of the other four items,and the difference was statistically signi icant.Analysis of data suggested that PVH-IVH grade 3 or grade 4,significantly enhanced paraventricular white matter echo found in early cUS,and PVL or enlargement of ventricle found in term cUS were all associated to lower gross motor DQ (P < 0.05).PVL was also significantly correlated with lower DQ of adaptability,fine motor,language and personal-social (P < 0.05).Conclusion Compared to adaptability,fine motor,language and personal-social,gross motor has the lowest DQ among very low or extremely low birth weight infants.PVH-IVH grade 3 or worse,significantly enhanced paraventricular white matter echo found in early cUS,and PVL or enlargement of ventricle found in term cUS are high risk factors for adverse outcome of gross motor.Among them,PVL found in term cUS suggests poor neurodevelopmental outcome.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772786

ABSTRACT

We review the representatives literatures on chronic osteomyelitis, sum up the new insights in recent years into diagnostic options and treatment regimens, analyze the advantages and disadvantages of various diagnostic approaches and treatment strategies, and propose areas of interest to make current diagnostic and treatment strategies more specific.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698541

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is an urgent problem to effectively make bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells exert proper effects under hypoxic preconditioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of diazoxide, a Mito-KATPchannel activator, on the proliferation and apoptosis of mouse BMSCs in hypoxic environment. METHODS: Mouse BMSCs were divided into four groups: blank control group, 0.16, 0.8, 4 μmol/L diazoxide groups. Cells intervened by diazoxide were cultured in a 10% O2incubator. MTT assay was performed to detect cell proliferation at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 days after intervention, and Hoechst 33258 staining was performed to observe cell apoptosis at 14 days after intervention. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: High homogeneity and purity but low proliferation of BMSCs was found. There was no significant difference in the activity of BMSCs among 0.16, 0.8, 4 μmol/L diazoxide groups (P > 0.05). In the blank control group, concentrated nuclei were dark blue in color and aggregated, and several round apoptotic bodies were found. In the diazoxide groups, apoptotic bodies were occasionally found, and no significant difference was found among different diazoxide groups. These findings indicate that a certain concentration of diazoxide can reduce cell apoptosis but has no effects on the proliferation of mouse BMSCs under hypoxic environment (10% O2).

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698460

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and monocalciumphosphate monohydrate (MCPM) are traditionally considered as reactants for dicalcium phosphate dehydrate (DCPD) bone cement,but little is reported on the hydroxyapatite (HA) as a reactant.OBJECTIVE:To verify whether HA and MCPM can be used to prepare DCPD bone cement and to explore the physicochemical properties.METHODS:The HA and β-TCP were prepared by wet chemical precipitation method,and mixed with appropriate proportion of MCPM.Then,the HA-DCPD and β-TCP-DCPD were obtained by adding a proper amount of curing water.The composition and structure of the two materials were analyzed by X-ray diffraction,the morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope,and the mechanical strength was tested by Instron5567 universal material test machine.These two kinds of materials were placed in simulated body fluid for detecting the weight loss ratio,soaked for 14 days and taken out for X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope detection.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:X-ray diffraction findings indicated that these two kinds of materials both belonged to high-purity DCPD bone cement.Under the scanning electron microscope,β-TCP-DCPD bone cement had dense crystal structure,with less pore number;however,the HA-DCPD bone cement presented with finer grains,loose structure,and higher pore number.With the increase of curing time,the mechanical strength of two kinds of bone cements was correspondingly increased,but the compressive strength of β-TCP-DCPD bone cement was significantly higher than that of HA-DCPD bone cement (P < 0.05).In the simulated body fluid,the weight loss ratio of β-TCP-DCPD bone cement was significantly lower than that of HA-DCPD bone cement (P < 0.05).At 14 days after soaking in the simulated body fluid,a layer of spherical particles that was formed on the surface of both materials was identified as hydroxyapatite by scanning electron microscope observation and X-ray diffraction analysis.In summary,HA-DCPD bone cement has good biodegradability,excellent bioactivity and bone conductivity,but poor mechanical properties.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609316

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation and pelvic floor muscle training on the rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscle after delivery by vaginal delivery.Methods From January 2014 to June 2015,90 cases who received pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment after vaginal delivery in Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of our hospital were selected as the research subjects.According to whether the patients received pelvic floor rehabilitation training,they were divided into the treatment group and control group,90 cases in each group.The treatment group received biofeedback electrical stimulation,pelvic floor muscle training methods of rehabilitation at 6 weeks postpartum.The control group did not take any measures of rehabilitation.Results 4 months postpartum,the bladder neck mobility,urethral rotation angle of the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group (t =6.052,4.400,all P <0.05).the vaginal muscles voltage measured values of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (t =9.524,P < 0.05).4 months postpartum,in the treatment group,vaginal muscle Ⅰ grade in 24.44%,grade Ⅱ in 55.56% and grade Ⅲ in 17.78%,grade ⅣV in 2.22%;in the control group,the vaginal muscle strength grade Ⅰ in 44.44%,grade Ⅱ in 55.56%;The vaginal muscle distribution in the treatment group was significantly better than the control group (Z =-2.865,P < 0.05).Conclusion After vaginal delivery,maternal postpartum receiving biofeedback electrical stimulation,pelvic floor muscle exercise can significantly promote the recovery of pelvic floor muscle function.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385163

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the serum concentration of MCP-1 and the expression of MCP-1 protein in the pancreas in the piglet with chronic obstructive pancreatitis and to explore the role of MCP-1 protein in pancreatic fibrosisits.Methods The piglet model of chronic obstructive pancreatitis was established by incomplete ligation of the pancreatic duct.The piglets were sacrificed at 4, 6, 8 weeks after induction.Pathological changes of pancreas were examined.Pancreatic fibrosis was assessed by VG staining.Serum MCP-1 concentrations were detected by ELISA method.MCP-1 and α-SMA, PDGF, TGF-β1 and NF-κB protein expression were detected by immunohistochemistry.Results The induction was successful in 14 piglets ( 58.3% ).Mild atrophic changes, interstitial fibrosis, chronic inflammatory cell infiltration could be observed in the body and tail of pancreas from the 4th week in the experimental group.The most obvious changes occurred in the 8th week.Stage Ⅰ pancreatic fibrosis occurred in 5 piglets (35.7%), stage Ⅱ in 4 piglets (28.6%), stage Ⅲ in 5 rats ( 35.7% ).Seurm MCP-1 at 4, 6, 8 weeks was ( 102.44 ± 36.25 ) pg/ml,(97.84 ± 28.67) pg/ml, ( 94.32 ± 28.42 ) pg/ml, respectively, and was significantly higher than that in control group [ ( 10.42 ±5.86) pg/ml, (8.58 ±4.86) pg/ml, (8.22 ±4.58) pg/ml, P <0.01 ].There was no MCP-1 protein expression in the control group;MCP-1 protein was detected in the successful induction group, and MCP-1 expression was positively correlated with expressions of the PDGF, TGF-β1, α-SMA and NF-κB.Conclusions MCP-1 may play an important role in the course of pancreatic fibrosis in chronic obstructive pancreatitis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565015

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of He-Ne laser at lower power on proliferation and differentiation of embryo midbrain nerve cell.Methods The embryo midbrain nerve cell of rat embryo were randomly divided into one control group and three experimental groups.The cells in experimental groups were respectively irradiated at different time:3 min(A组),6 min(B组),10min(C组),each day.After ten days,we counted the concentration rate and determined the content of protein and the amount of superoxide dismutase(SOD)and malonyldialolehyde(MDA).Results The concentration rate of group A and of group B significantly increased than that of the control group(P

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