Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 13-29, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881122

ABSTRACT

Src homology containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) represents a noteworthy target for various diseases, serving as a well-known oncogenic phosphatase in cancers. As a result of the low cell permeability and poor bioavailability, the traditional inhibitors targeting the protein tyrosine phosphate catalytic sites are generally suffered from unsatisfactory applied efficacy. Recently, a particularly large number of allosteric inhibitors with striking inhibitory potency on SHP2 have been identified. In particular, few clinical trials conducted have made significant progress on solid tumors by using SHP2 allosteric inhibitors. This review summarizes the development and structure-activity relationship studies of the small-molecule SHP2 inhibitors for tumor therapies, with the purpose of assisting the future development of SHP2 inhibitors with improved selectivity, higher oral bioavailability and better physicochemical properties.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879111

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed through field experiments to study the effect of combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers on the growth and quality of Salvia miltiorrhiza, provide ideas for reducing fertilization while increasing the efficiency as well as improving the quality of produces. The experiment included 6 treatments viz., no fertilization(CK), full application of chemical fertilizer(F), 25% orga-nic fertilizer with 75% chemical fertilizer(M25), 50% organic fertilizer with 50% chemical fertilizer(M50), 75% organic fertilizer with 25% chemical fertilizer(M75), and fully apply organic fertilizer(M100). The results showed that:(1)from the perspective of yield and economic benefits, M75 was the best and M100 second;(2)for effective components, the combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers increased the content of main water-soluble components and the total content of effective components, among which M25 and M50 were better.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Fertilizers/analysis , Nitrogen , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Soil
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879108

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen fertilizers play an important role in the regulation of plant stress resistance. Impacts of nitrogen fertilizers on abiotic stress resistance and biotic stress resistance of Chinese materia medica(CMM) were summarized in this study. Adequate nitrogen application improves the abiotic stress resistance and weed resistance of CMM, however adverse effect appears when excess nitrogen is used. Generally, pest resistance decreases along with nitrogen deposition, while effects of nitrogen application on disease resistance vary with different diseases. Mechanisms underlying the impact of nitrogen fertilizers on plant stress resistance were also elucidated in this study from three aspects including physical defense mechanisms, biochemistry mechanisms and molecular defense mechanisms. Nitrogen availability modulates physical barrier of CMM like plant growth, formation of lignin and wax cuticle, and density of stomata. Growth of CMM promoted by nitrogen fertilizer may cause some decrease in pest resistance of CMM due to an increase in hiding places for pest along with plant growth. High ambient humidity caused by excessive plant growth facilitates the growth and development of CMM pathogen. Nitrogen application can also interfere with the accumulation of lignin in CMM which makes CMM more vulnerable to pest and pathogen attack. Stomatal closing delays due to nitrogen application is also a causal factor of increasing pathogen infection after nitrogen deposition. Biochemical defenses of plants are mainly achieved through nutrient elements, secondary metabolites, defense-related enzymes and proteins. Nutritional level of CMM and various antioxidant enzymes and resistance-related protein activities are elevated along with nitrogen deposition. These antioxidant enzymes can reduce the damage of reactive oxygen species content produced by plant in response to adversity and therefore enhance stress resistance of CMM. Researches showed that nitrogen application could also cause an increase in nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content and a decrease in non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content respectively. Nitrogen-mediated molecular defense mechanisms includes multiple plant hormones and nitric oxide signals. Plant hormones related to plant defense like salicylic acid, jasmonic acid and abscisic acid can be modulated by nitrogen application. Negative effect of nitrogen deposition was found on salicylic acid accumulation and the expression of related plant disease resistance genes. However, jasmonic acid level can be elevated by nitrogen. Nitric oxide signals constitute an important part of nitrogen mediated defense mechanisms. Nitric oxide signaling is related to many aspects of plant immunity. The roles of nitrogen fertilizers in CMM stress resistance are complex and may vary with different CMM varieties and environments. Further studies are urgently needed to provide a comprehensive understanding of how to improve stress resistance of CMM by using fertilizers.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , China , Materia Medica , Nitrogen , Plant Growth Regulators
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879107

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen is one of the most frequently used fertilizers in growth of Chinese medicinal plants(CMP). As in many other ecosystems, CMP ecosystem is also composed of plant-herbivore-natural enemy(tritrophic) interactions. Nitrogen fertilizer influences the growth and reproduction of CMP, and it is also able to heavily shape the ecosystem functions of CMP ecosystem through bottom-up forces. Understanding the specific effects of nitrogen fertilizer towards each trophic level will be beneficial to improve the resistance of CMP to herbivore and enhance the control efficiency of nature enemies to herbivore, and eventually, maximize the yield and quality of CMP. Most papers published on nitrogen use in plants focused mainly on the impact of nitrogen fertilization on CMP yield and quality. Influences of nitrogen application on CMP ecosystem get little attention at present. Therefore, this review summed up the potential effects of nitrogen fertilization on CMP ecosystem from perspectives of soil and tritrophic interactions. First of all, nitrogen fertilizer might decrease soil microbial biomass and altered the community structures of soil bacteria, fungi and protozoa. Negative effects of nitrogen fertilizer were found on biodiversity of soil bacteria and protozoa. Different fungi species respond differently to nitrogen fertili-zers. Nitrogen deposition can also decrease the soil pH. Decreases in soil microbial diversity and soil acidification can cause negative effects on CMP growth. In addition, nitrogen fertilizer could regulate the pest resistance of CMP including constitutive and inducible resistance. Both positive and negative effects of nitrogen application were found on pest resistance of CMP. Moreover, the development and predation of natural enemies were influenced by nitrogen deposition. Nitrogen influences natural enemies in many ways including plant volatiles, plant nutrient and structure and the supplementary food quality. Nectar and honeydew of plants and preys serve as important food source for natural enemies especially in early season when preys are still not available. Finally, the interactions between herbivores and their natural enemies were also shaped by nitrogen fertilizer in many aspects like increasing the nutritional content of prey and changing control efficiency of natural enemies. Some herbivores have evolved a strategy to sequester secondary metabolites which they absorbed from plant during their feeding. Studies showed that sequestration efficiency of secondary metabolites in prey could also be regulated by nitrogen. Parasitic, emergence, reproduction rate and longevity of parasites were found positively correlated with nitrogen deposition. Hopefully this study will shed light on practicable and economical application of nitrogen in cultivation of CMP.


Subject(s)
China , Ecosystem , Fertilizers , Nitrogen , Plants, Medicinal , Soil
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879106

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen fertilizer has been the long-lasting crucial component in cultivation of Chinese materia medica(CMM) and crops for its profound effects on enhancing the productivity. In consideration of its role in better production, intensive and excessive application of N fertilizer is often found in CMM cultivation. Therefore, firstly, this review summarized various concentrations of N application with regards to different CMM and districts from the literatures published in the last two decades. The recommended concentration of nitrogen application of forty seven CMM species were covered in this review. We found that the optimum rates of nitrogen fertili-zer for different medicinal plants species were varied in the range between 0-1 035.55 kg·hm~(-2). Most of the optimum rates of nitrogen fertilizer for CMM in published researches fell between 100-199 kg·hm~(-2). The optimum rate of nitrogen fertilizer is not only related to amount of nitrogen required for different medicinal plants but also to soil fertilities of different fields. In addition, we outlined the diffe-rent effects of proper and excessive nitrogen deposition on yield of CMM. Proper nitrogen deposition benefits the yield of CMM, howe-ver, excessive nitrogen use accounts for a decrease in CMM yield. We elucidated that nutritional content, water use efficiencies, and photosynthesis capacity were major influencing factors. Researches showed that proper nitrogen fertilizer could promote the water use efficiencies of plants and boost photosynthesis. Consequently, the yield of CMM can be enhanced after nitrogen deposition. However, negative effects of nitrogen fertilizer were also found on plant including producing toxic substances to the soil and causing severe pest damages. Lastly we analyzed the impact of N fertilizer application on secondary metabolites which accounts for a large part of active pharmaceutical ingredients of CMM. It usually caused an increase in nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content and a decrease in non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content respectively. The potential underlying mechanisms are the different synthetic pathways of these metabolites and the plant nutritional status. Synthesis of non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites like phenols can be inhibited after nitrogen application because of the competition of the same precursor substances between metabolites synthesis and plant growth. To sum up, impacts and mechanisms of nitrogen fertilizer on yield and quality enhancement of CMM were discussed in this review. Negative effects of excessive nitrogen application on CMM should be paid special attention in CMM cultivation and prescription fertilization based on the field soil quality is strongly recommended. Overall, this review aims to provides insights on improving the proper application of N fertilizer in the cultivation of CMM.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Fertilizers , Materia Medica , Nitrogen/analysis , Soil
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-764, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878064

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become the third-leading cause of death worldwide, which is a severe economic burden to the healthcare system. Chronic bronchitis is the most common condition that contributes to COPD, both locally and systemically. Neutrophilic inflammation predominates in the COPD airway wall and lumen. Logically, repression of neutrophilia is an essential fashion to COPD treatment. However, currently available anti-neutrophilic therapies provide little benefit in COPD patients and may have serious side effects. Thus, there is an urgent need to explore an effective and safe anti-neutrophilic approach that might delay progression of the disease. Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec)-9 is a member of the Siglec cell surface immunoglobulin family. It is noteworthy that Siglec-9 is highly expressed on human neutrophils and monocytes. Ligation of Siglec-9 by chemical compounds or synthetic ligands induced apoptosis and autophagic-like cell death in human neutrophils. Furthermore, administration of antibody to Siglec-E, mouse functional ortholog of Siglec-9, restrained recruitment and activation of neutrophils in mouse models of airway inflammation in vivo. Given the critical role that neutrophils play in chronic bronchitis and emphysema, targeting Siglec-9 could be beneficial for the treatment of COPD, asthma, fibrosis, and related chronic inflammatory lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Humans , Lung , Mice , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Neutrophils , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Sialic Acid Binding Immunoglobulin-like Lectins
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772273

ABSTRACT

The oral microbiota is associated with oral diseases and digestive systemic diseases. Nevertheless, the causal relationship between them has not been completely elucidated, and colonisation of the gut by oral bacteria is not clear due to the limitations of existing research models. The aim of this study was to develop a human oral microbiota-associated (HOMA) mouse model and to investigate the ecological invasion into the gut. By transplanting human saliva into germ-free (GF) mice, a HOMA mouse model was first constructed. 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to reveal the biogeography of oral bacteria along the cephalocaudal axis of the digestive tract. In the HOMA mice, 84.78% of the detected genus-level taxa were specific to the donor. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that the donor oral microbiota clustered with those of the HOMA mice and were distinct from those of specific pathogen-free (SPF) mice. In HOMA mice, OTU counts decreased from the stomach and small intestine to the distal gut. The distal gut was dominated by Streptococcus, Veillonella, Haemophilus, Fusobacterium, Trichococcus and Actinomyces. HOMA mice and human microbiota-associated (HMA) mice along with the GF mice were then cohoused. Microbial communities of cohoused mice clustered together and were significantly separated from those of HOMA mice and HMA mice. The Source Tracker analysis and network analysis revealed more significant ecological invasion from oral bacteria in the small intestines, compared to the distal gut, of cohoused mice. In conclusion, a HOMA mouse model was successfully established. By overcoming the physical and microbial barrier, oral bacteria colonised the gut and profiled the gut microbiota, especially in the small intestine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Germ-Free Life , Humans , Mice , Microbiota , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816423

ABSTRACT

Radiomics has recently emerged as a promising tool for analyzing digital medical images.Radiomics is defined as extracting innumerable,quantitative,and mineable features from medical images,by high-throughout computing.The technique has been initiated and now is typically used in oncology studies,buthas not been reported in aortic diseases.The use of imaging omics technology to assist the prognosis of type B aortic dissection has great feasibility,but it still needs to be further explored in the aspects of image acquisition standardization,automatic mechanization segmentation and new feature development of imaging omics.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806286

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the dyslipidemia rate and trend of blood lipid level in an urban community in Hangzhou.@*Methods@#A total of 1 485 urban community residents aged 24 years or older who had participated in health checkup over 6 years, from 2011-2016, were selected by random cluster sampling. Fasting blood Triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were measured in all subjects. A χ2 test was used to analyze the dyslipidemia rate trend, and an ANOVA of repeated measurement was conducted to observe the blood lipid level changes.@*Results@#From 2011 to 2016, the total abnormal rates of blood lipids in 1 485 residents were 33.2% (493/1 485), 30.5% (453/1 485), 30.4% (452/1 485), 26.5% (394/1 485), 26.3% (391/1 485), and 25.1% (373/1 485), respectively, which showed a declining trend year-by-year (χ2=36.051, P<0.01). Among these results, however, the high TG rate did not significantly differ from year-to-year (χ2=10.081, P>0.05). The TG, TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C levels statistically differed over the 6 years (F=4.876, 33.033, 170.254, 58.442, respectively, all P<0.01). LDL-C was the highest in 2011 [(3.02±0.29) mmol/L] and the lowest in 2016 [(2.72±0.71) mmol/L], while HDL-C was the highest in 2016 (1.44±0.33 mmol/L) and the lowest in 2011 [(1.35±0.30) mmol/L]. Time-sex group interaction effect analysis: TC and HDL-C levels showed different trends over time between men and women (F=2.556, 4.982, respectively, all P<0.05), and the TC level in the male group was significantly lower than in the female group, since 2012. Interaction effect of time age group: TC and LDL-C levels showed different trends between age groups over time, and the declining trend of TC and LDL-C in the elderly group was more significant than in the young or middle age group (F=10.328, 3.085, respectively, all P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#The community population showed an overall improvement in blood lipid levels; however, there was no significant improvement in high TG levels. It is necessary to continue monitoring blood lipid levels in the community, especially to strengthen the prevention and control of high TG levels.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611731

ABSTRACT

Objective·To construct C-shaped cartilage rings by rabbit auricular cartilage-derived chondrocytes combing with both electrospun gelatin/ polycaprolactone(GT/PCL) nanofibrous membranes and 3D printed supporters for repairing tracheal cartilage defects.Methods·Primary chondrocytes were isolated from rabbit auricular cartilage with methods of trypsin enzyme digestion and collagenase enzyme digestion.After proliferation in vitro,the chondrocytes of passage 2 were harvested for further experiments.Ultrafine composite fibers of GT/PCL were fabricated via electrospinning.The electrospun GT/PCL membranes were tailored into rectangle shape,the length of which is 12 cm and the width is 2.5 cm.Chondrocytes were seeded on membrane at a density of 1 × 108 cells/mL.Then the membrane were rolled onto a 3D printed supporter of poly(DL-lactide-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) material to construct a C-shaped cartilage-like complex.After 8 weeks of subcutaneous incubation in vivo,gross inspection and paraffin section staining were applied for evaluation.Results·After 8 weeks of culture in vivo,mature cartilage-like tissue were formed with open-cylindrical bellow appearance and pecific mechanical property.C-shaped rings arranged at regular intervals on the inner surface of tissue,which were similar to the normal structure of tracheal cartilages.Histological and immunohistological staining showed a large number of typical lacunar structures and extracellular matrix secretions.Conclusion·It is feasible to construct tissue engineered C-shaped cartilage tissue by combing chondrocytes with GT/PCL membrane and 3D printed PLCL supporter for tracheal cartilage repair.

11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1107-1109,1113, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792560

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prevalence of diabetes,rates of awareness,treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM)in Xiaoshan.Methods Multistage stratified cluster sampling design was used ,and questionnaire interview and laboratory test of impaired fasting glucose(IFG),oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT)were carried out among adults aged above 18 years in six towns in Xiaoshan.Results Totally 4 473 residents were selected.The prevalence standardized rate of DMwas 6.76% (6.87% for male and 6.64% for female,P >0.05).The rate of awareness,treatment and control of DMwas 56.30%,47.06% and 29.41%.The results of logistic regression analyses showed that being older was risk factor of the awareness (OR =1.971;95%CI:1.445 -2.689),of the treatment (OR =1.530,95%CI:1.126 -2.078),and the control (OR =2.185;95%CI:1.519 -3.143).The family history was risk factor of DM's rate of awareness (OR =3.876;95%CI:2.159 -6.957)and treatment (OR =3.615;95%CI:2.126 -6.146).Conclusion The prevalence of DMis high among the residents in Xiaoshan,but the rates of awareness,treatment,and control are low.Education, screening,and treatment of DMare urgently recommended.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812592

ABSTRACT

EPSAH is an exopolysaccharide from Aphanothece halophytica GR02. The present study was designed to evaluate its toxicity and adjuvant potential in the specific cellular and humoral immune responses in ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. EPSAH did not cause any mortality and side effects when the mice were administered subcutaneously twice at the dose of 50 mg·kg(-1). Hemolytic activity in vitro indicated that EPSAH was non-hemolytic. Splenocyte proliferation in vitro was assayed with different concentrations of EPSAH. The mice were immunized subcutaneously with OVA 0.1 mg alone or with OVA 0.1 mg dissolved in saline containing Alum (0.2 mg) or EPSAH (0.2, 0.4, or 0.8 mg) on Day 1 and 15. Two weeks later, splenocyte proliferation, natural killer (NK) cell activity, production of cytokines IL-2 from splenocytes, and serum OVA-specific antibody titers were measured. Phagocytic activity, production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and IL-12 in mice peritoneal macrophages were also determined. EPSAH showed a dose-dependent stimulating effect on mitogen-induced proliferation. The Con A-, LPS-, and OVA-induced splenocyte proliferation and the serum OVA-specific IgG, IgG1, and IgG2a antibody titers in the immunized mice were significantly enhanced. EPSAH also significantly promoted the production of Th1 cytokine IL-2. Besides, EPSAH remarkably increased the killing activities of NK cells from splenocytes in the immunized mice. In addition, EPSAH enhanced phagocytic activity and the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and IL-12 in macrophages. These results indicated that EPSAH had a strong potential to increase both cellular and humoral immune responses, particularly promoting the development of Th1 polarization.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Animals , Cyanobacteria , Chemistry , Female , Immunity, Cellular , Immunity, Humoral , Immunization , Interleukin-12 , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-2 , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Ovalbumin , Allergy and Immunology , Polysaccharides , Allergy and Immunology , Rabbits , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 889-892,896, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792445

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the delay factors of the treatment and diagnosis among pulmonary tuberculosis patients, and to provide scientific evidence for tuberculosis control.Methods A total of 128 pulmonary tuberculosis patients who was newly diagnosed and treated in Xiaoshan were enrolled in this study.The data of demography,medical history and tuberculosis knowledge were collected through questionnaires.Statistical method was used to analyze the current situation and delay factors of the treatment and diagnosis.Results The rate of treatment delay was 25.00%.Female patients without hemoptysis symptom,maintenance elderly,little knowledge of tuberculosis and low degree of education were relative to treatment delay among pulmonary tuberculosis patients (P <0.05 ).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female(OR =6.39,95%CI:1.66 -24.61),was the delay factors of treatment.The rate of diagnosis delay was 50.78%.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preliminary treatment in village or private clinics (OR =2.10,95%CI:1.00 -4.39),preliminary treatment without X ray (OR =3.91,95%CI:1.16 -13.19)and maintenance elderly (OR =57.43,95%CI:4.43 -744.30)were risk factors for delayed diagnosis.Conclusion The influencing factor for treatment and diagnosis delay are female,preliminary treatment in village or private clinics,preliminary treatment without X ray and maintenance elderly.

14.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 14-16,20, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792358

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the heterosexual intercourse characteristics and its influencing factors among MSM population. Methods Voluntary counseling/testing and questionnaire survey were carried out at the bathhouses where MSM usually assemble. Results Among 342 MSM surveyed,52. 05% were married. 76 people( 22. 22%) were completely homosexual,while 266 people(77. 78%)were bisexual. 24(31. 57%)MSM who answered″ totally gay″ in self-assessment of sex orientation were married,significantly lower than those answered bisexual(57. 89%)(p<0. 05). 197 of participants had sex with women ,and 123 MSM had sex with women during the last six months,49 MSM of which used condoms at each heterosexual activity. MSM who were married or bisexual were easy to have heterosexual intercourse. Among the MSM surveyed,the HIV and syphilis infection rates were 11. 40% and 16. 67% respectively. There was no significant difference between the use of condoms and infection( both p>0. 05). In the recent six months,there was no significant difference in the use of condoms between infected( 43. 34%)and non-infected persons( 43. 34%)( p >0. 05). Conclusion Among MSM population,the prevalence of heterosexual intercourse is high,while condom use rate is relatively low. It is necessary to strengthen the behavioral intervention and promote condom use.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468985

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the trends of the prevalence of hyperuricemia of urbanized community residents Sijiqing Streets in Jianggan district in Hangzhou in the past 4 years,and analyze the correlation between hyperuricemia and metabolic factors,which provide scientific endence for prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia in communities.Methods 1 670 cases equal to or greater than 20 years old were randomly selected to analyze the trends of the prevalence of hyperuricemia in the past 4 consecutive years,which from urbanized community physical examination in 2010 to 2013 (male 749 cases,female 921 cases).Comparative analysis of age,BMI,waist circumference,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,fasting blood glucose,glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C),TG,TC,LDL-C,and HDL-C levels between hyperuricemia group(male 264 cases,female 181 cases) and non hyperuricemia group (male 485 cases,female 740 cases) on 2013,and analyze the related metabolic factors to hyperuricemia by using non conditional logistic regression analysis.Results ①From 2010 to 2013,male hyperuricemia prevalence rates were 27.9% (209/749,standardized rates were 27.4%)、29.1% (218/749,standardized rates were 27.9%),33.2% (249/749,standardized rates were 31.8%) and 35.2% (264/749,standardized rates were 32.9%).The prevalence rates of female were 12.6% (116/921,standardized rates were 11.7%),13.5% (124/921,standardized rates were 11.9%),18.0% (166/921,standardized rates were 15.7%) and 19.7(181/921,standardized rates were 17.2%),showed a increased tends year by year (the x2 of tends of male and female were 11.907 and 22.759,respectively,all P < 0.01).In age stratified,the prevalence of hyperuricemia in middle and elder age group were increased significantly (the x2 of middle and elder aged man were 4.387、8.545,The x2 of middle and elder aged woman were 12.043、12.274,all P < 0.05).The annual rate of male was higher than female (the x2 were 61.764、62.060、51.241、51.393,respectively,all P < 0.01).② The male and female hyperuricemia group of age,BMI,waist circumference,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,TG,TC,LDL-C levels were higher than those in non hyperuricemia group (the t of male were-2.052,-8.624,-8.772,-3.932,-4.380,-5.006,-3.564,-3.834,respectively; The t of female were-6.021,-8.839,-7.586,-4.702,-4.431,-6.334,-5.317,-5.119,respectively,all P < 0.01),HDL-C levels were lower than those of non hyperuricemia group(the t of male and female were 6.097 and 3.170,respectively,all P < 0.01),fasting blood glucose,HbA1c levels of non hyperuricemia group in female were also higher than the non hyperuricemia group (t =-2.750,-3.711,all P < 0.01),however,Nor was statistical significance in male between the two groups (t =0.432,1.315,all P > 0.05).③The non conditional Logistic regression analysis showed that,independent risk factor for male hyperuricemia were overweight (OR:2.151,95% CI:1.439-3.215) or obese (OR:2.882,95% CI:1.541-5.389),hypertension (OR:1.564,95% CI:1.100 -2.224),dyslipidemia (OR:1.678,95 % CI:1.165-2.417) and abdominal obesity (OR:1.708,95 % CI:1.146-2.547),independent risk factors for hyperuricemia in women were overweight (OR:2.067,95% CI:1.290-3.313) or obese (OR:2.843,95% CI:1.523-5.309),hypertension (OR:1.530,95% CI:1.042-2.248),dyslipidemia (OR:1.784,95 % CI:1.191-2.672) and hyperglycemia (OR:1.768,95% CI:1.221-2.561).Conclusions The community people have a higher prevalence of hyperuricemia,which showed a increased trend,especially in the middle and old age year by year; overweight or obesity,abdominal obesity,hypertension and dyslipidaemia influence male prevalence rate of hyperurieemia,overweight or obesity,hypertension,hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia influence female prevalence rate of hyperuricemia,we should strengthen the comprehensive prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia in this community.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231811

ABSTRACT

Considering the World Health Organization's classification of Helicobacter pylori as a definite (class I ) carci- nogen, the relationship between oral microbial community and tumors is gaining increased interest. This review focused on three relationships between oral microbiota and tumors, i.e., between oral Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric tumors, between oral microbiota and oral squamous cell carcinoma, and between human immunodeficiency virus and tumors. The aims were to realize the early diagnosis of tumors with oral microbiota and support studies on treatment development.


Subject(s)
Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Mouth , Microbiology , Mouth Neoplasms
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 144-146, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329512

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the epidemic status of hepatitis B along the Yangzi River area,ill Anhui province.Methods A croSS-sectional seroepidemiological survey was conducted and the samples were collected by stratified cluster sampling.Serological biomarkers to hepatitis B virus were tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)reagents.Results Among 2282 people.the prevalence rates of HBsAg,HBsAb,HBeAg.HBeAb,HBeAb and hepatitis B virus infection were 9.8%,43.5%.1.0%,7.8%,10.3%and 40.6%respectively.The prevalence rate of HBsAg among males was higllel"than that offemales(P<0.05).The vaccination rate was 24.7%,higher in urban than in taral areas.The vaccination rate was high in children younger than ten years old and in students.The prevalence rates of HBsAg and HBV among people who had received vaccines were lower than those who had not.Conclusion The standardized prevalence rates of HBsAg(9.3%)Was high in the area along the Yangzi River in Althai province.The vaccinate rate Was low in the country side.Expanded vaccinate which can obviously reduce the prevalence rate of HBsAg should be enhanced.

18.
Microbiology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686085

ABSTRACT

Characters of one Candida intermedia yeast strain which isolated from nature can produce ethanol from xylose-fermenting been systemic studied. In conditions 28?C, 120 r/min, 72 h, it can produce 6.480 g/L ethanol from 7% xylose and 43.70% theoretical production of ethanol from 3% xylose. It can produce up to 21.225 g/L ethanol when incubation time prolong to 156 h from 8% xylose. It also can ferment 13% glucose produce 47.647 g/L ethanol and reach 76.90% of theoretical ethanol production, respectively. Compared to CK, ethanol productivity can be improved 9.91% when add 8% xylose in three times as 3%, 2% and 3%, respectively. Glucose can be first utilized in the mixture sugar medium. When the ratio of xylose vs. glucose is 3:1in mixture sugar, the productivity of ethanol can be improving 25%.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297638

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effects of oral intake of lead on the expression of Hoxa9 gen and the ability of learning and memory and explore the the toxic molecular mechanisms of lead.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty male Wistar rats were chosen and randomly divided into the low lead dosage group, the high lead dosage group and the control group, 10 rats in each group. The low lead dosage group and the high lead dosage group were given respectively 0.06%, 0.2% lead acetate orally while the control group was given distilled water orally. The Y-maze test was used to measure the ability of learning and memory, the graphite heat atomic absorption spectrum method to determine the lead concentration in blood and brain, and the in situ hybridization (ISH) method to determine the expression of Hoxa9 mRNA in brain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The number of electric shocks of the lead poisoned rats were significantly increased over time. The number of electric shocks of the lead poisoning rats was much higher than that of the control group (P < 0.01) (at the end of the experiment, the low lead dosage group: 31.8 +/- 2.26; the high lead dosage group: 37.3 +/- 1.70; the control group: 18.4 +/- 1.51). (2) The brain of the lead poisoned rats including the hippocampus, the cerebellum and the cerebral cortex were significantly atrophic and the apoptosis and necrosis occurred in the cells of the brain. Purkinje's cells in the cerebellum showed significant necrosis and disappearance. The structure of brain in rats of the control group demonstrated no atrophy. (3) The expression of Hoxa9 mRNA in the lead poisoned rats was significantly decreased compared with the control group. There were few Hoxa9 positive cells in the brain of the lead poisoned rats, but many of them were observed in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lead may inhibit the expression of Hoxa9 and induce atrophy and necrosis of brain, which gives rise to a damage of learning and memory.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Gene Expression , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Lead , Toxicity , Male , Maze Learning , Memory , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685485

ABSTRACT

Response surface analysis (uniform precision of central composite design, SAS 9.1.3 software) was applied to optimize the four major factors (ratio of soybean meal to water, enzyme quantity, fermentation time and inoculation quantity) for soybean meal solid fermentation. According to the change of the hydrolyzation degree of soybean protein, the equation of polynomial regression was established between those factors and the response. The result showed that the optimum condition included as follows: ratio of soybean meal to water 1∶1.00,enzyme quantity 2.55%, fermentation time 65h and inoculation quantity 1.00%. Under the optimum level, the degree of hydrolyzation reached 13.3%, which increased 56% over pre-optimization.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL