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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 134-140, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012702

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of Rongjin Tongbi decoction on sciatica caused by lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with liver and kidney deficiency type based on a randomized controlled study. MethodFrom January 2019 to July 2022, 90 patients in the department of Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital who met the inclusion criteria were selected and divided into two groups according to the random number table, with 45 patients in each group. During the study, 19 cases dropped out, with 41 cases included in the final observation group and 30 cases in the control group. The observation group was given Rongjin Tongbi decoction orally, and the control group was given Loxoprofen Sodium Tablets orally for 28 days. The differences in the visual analog scale (VAS) scores, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, activities of daily living (ADL) assessments, TCM clinical symptoms, subjective symptoms, and clinical signs scores between two groups before and after treatment were observed. Liver and kidney functions and gastrointestinal adverse reactions were detected for safety evaluation. ResultBefore treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in scores between the observation group and the control group. After treatment, the absolute values of the differences in VAS and ADL scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the absolute value of the difference in JOA scores between two groups. The absolute value of the difference in TCM clinical symptom scores in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the absolute values of the differences in subjective symptom and clinical sign scores between two groups. The levels of liver and kidney function indicators in both groups before and after the experiment were normal, and there was no significant difference in gastrointestinal reactions. ConclusionRongjin Tongbi decoction can significantly improve the symptoms of sciatica patients caused by lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with liver and kidney deficiency type. After treatment, the patients exhibited significant improvements in pain, activity and other aspects, and it is proven to be safe and reliable, which is conducive to the recovery of physical function.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 16-19, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze the disease burden caused by drinking in China in 1990 and 2019. Methods The global disease burden database 2019 was used to analyze the attribution score (PAF), mortality, disability adjusted life year (DALY) and other indicators attributed to drinking in China in 1990 and 2019. The disease burden caused by alcohol consumption was compared between China and the world as well as different social demographic index (SDI) regions. Results From 1990 to 2019, the PAF attributed to drinking increased by 12.85%. The number of deaths attributed to drinking increased to 514 700, and the mortality increased to 36.18/100 000, while the DALY attributed to drinking increased to 17.2651 million person-years, and the DALY rate increased by 5.16%. The disease burden attributed to drinking was higher in men than that in women, and the attributable mortality and DALY rate in the elderly over 70 years old were higher than those in the young. From 1990 to 2019, the attributable disease burden of esophageal cancer was the highest in China, followed by colorectal cancer. Compared with the world and different SDI regions, China had the lowest standardized DALY rate attributed to drinking. Conclusion Drinking is one of the important risk factors for related diseases and cancers in China, and effective intervention measures should be taken for key populations.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 761-764, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973999

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between physical fitness and energy balance related behaviors (EBRBs), and their influencing factors among primary school students, so as to provide a scientific basis for the improvement of physical fitness in primary school students.@*Methods@#By using a random sampling method, a total of 1 451 pupils aged 10-12 were selected from 8 regions of Shannxi Province (Fengxiang, Weibin, Danfeng, Shangzhou, Huazhou, Linwei, Gaoling, Weiyang). According to the total score of physical fitness test, pupils were divided into the excellent good physical fitness group and the pass failed group. The students EBRBs and their influencing factors were investigated cross sectionally, and the Mann-Whitney U test and stepwise linear regression analysis were used to explore the relationship between physical fitness and EBRBs.@*Results@#Breakfasts behavior( r = 0.061 ) and physical activity behavior( r =0.105) among primary school students were positively correlated with total physical scores, with the excellent good physical fitness group (757.56, 768.57)were higher than that of the pass failed group(710.93, 705.67) ( Z= -2.41, -2.69, P <0.05). The screen behavior ( r =-0.065) was negatively correlated with the total physical fitness scores, with the excellent good physical fitness group (681.96) was significantly lower than the pass failed group(747.04) ( Z=2.78, P < 0.05 ). There was no statistically significant correlation between the frequency of beverage behavior and the total score of physical fitness ( P >0.05). The excellent good physical fitness group scored(762.22, 761.19, 758.82, 756.00, 761.20, 755.57, 761.52, 759.48, 781.78) higher than the pass failed group(708.70, 709.19, 710.32, 711.67, 709.19, 711.88, 709.04, 710.01, 699.36) including health beliefs, parental norms and parental role models for breakfast behaviors, and preferences, self efficacy, and self regulation for physical activities, as well as self efficacy, parental role models, family rules for screen behavior ( Z=-2.40, -2.78, -2.35, -2.48, -2.52, -2.27, -2.35, -2.22, -3.65, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The physical fitness of primary school students is affected by EBRBs. Parents should model positive behaviors in the family, promote the health behavior of primary school students, improve the physical health of primary school students health.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 761-764, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973998

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between physical fitness and energy balance related behaviors (EBRBs), and their influencing factors among primary school students, so as to provide a scientific basis for the improvement of physical fitness in primary school students.@*Methods@#By using a random sampling method, a total of 1 451 pupils aged 10-12 were selected from 8 regions of Shannxi Province (Fengxiang, Weibin, Danfeng, Shangzhou, Huazhou, Linwei, Gaoling, Weiyang). According to the total score of physical fitness test, pupils were divided into the excellent good physical fitness group and the pass failed group. The students EBRBs and their influencing factors were investigated cross sectionally, and the Mann-Whitney U test and stepwise linear regression analysis were used to explore the relationship between physical fitness and EBRBs.@*Results@#Breakfasts behavior( r = 0.061 ) and physical activity behavior( r =0.105) among primary school students were positively correlated with total physical scores, with the excellent good physical fitness group (757.56, 768.57)were higher than that of the pass failed group(710.93, 705.67) ( Z= -2.41, -2.69, P <0.05). The screen behavior ( r =-0.065) was negatively correlated with the total physical fitness scores, with the excellent good physical fitness group (681.96) was significantly lower than the pass failed group(747.04) ( Z=2.78, P < 0.05 ). There was no statistically significant correlation between the frequency of beverage behavior and the total score of physical fitness ( P >0.05). The excellent good physical fitness group scored(762.22, 761.19, 758.82, 756.00, 761.20, 755.57, 761.52, 759.48, 781.78) higher than the pass failed group(708.70, 709.19, 710.32, 711.67, 709.19, 711.88, 709.04, 710.01, 699.36) including health beliefs, parental norms and parental role models for breakfast behaviors, and preferences, self efficacy, and self regulation for physical activities, as well as self efficacy, parental role models, family rules for screen behavior ( Z=-2.40, -2.78, -2.35, -2.48, -2.52, -2.27, -2.35, -2.22, -3.65, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The physical fitness of primary school students is affected by EBRBs. Parents should model positive behaviors in the family, promote the health behavior of primary school students, improve the physical health of primary school students health.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 761-764, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973997

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between physical fitness and energy balance related behaviors (EBRBs), and their influencing factors among primary school students, so as to provide a scientific basis for the improvement of physical fitness in primary school students.@*Methods@#By using a random sampling method, a total of 1 451 pupils aged 10-12 were selected from 8 regions of Shannxi Province (Fengxiang, Weibin, Danfeng, Shangzhou, Huazhou, Linwei, Gaoling, Weiyang). According to the total score of physical fitness test, pupils were divided into the excellent good physical fitness group and the pass failed group. The students EBRBs and their influencing factors were investigated cross sectionally, and the Mann-Whitney U test and stepwise linear regression analysis were used to explore the relationship between physical fitness and EBRBs.@*Results@#Breakfasts behavior( r = 0.061 ) and physical activity behavior( r =0.105) among primary school students were positively correlated with total physical scores, with the excellent good physical fitness group (757.56, 768.57)were higher than that of the pass failed group(710.93, 705.67) ( Z= -2.41, -2.69, P <0.05). The screen behavior ( r =-0.065) was negatively correlated with the total physical fitness scores, with the excellent good physical fitness group (681.96) was significantly lower than the pass failed group(747.04) ( Z=2.78, P < 0.05 ). There was no statistically significant correlation between the frequency of beverage behavior and the total score of physical fitness ( P >0.05). The excellent good physical fitness group scored(762.22, 761.19, 758.82, 756.00, 761.20, 755.57, 761.52, 759.48, 781.78) higher than the pass failed group(708.70, 709.19, 710.32, 711.67, 709.19, 711.88, 709.04, 710.01, 699.36) including health beliefs, parental norms and parental role models for breakfast behaviors, and preferences, self efficacy, and self regulation for physical activities, as well as self efficacy, parental role models, family rules for screen behavior ( Z=-2.40, -2.78, -2.35, -2.48, -2.52, -2.27, -2.35, -2.22, -3.65, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The physical fitness of primary school students is affected by EBRBs. Parents should model positive behaviors in the family, promote the health behavior of primary school students, improve the physical health of primary school students health.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 915-921, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971851

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory liver disease. At present, standard treatment is effective in most AIH patients, and second- or third-line pharmacotherapy can be selected for patients who have suboptimal response to standard treatment or cannot tolerate the side-effects of the drugs. Novel therapies are undergoing clinical trials with the further exploration of the pathogenesis of AIH. This article reviews the current research advances in pharmacotherapy for AIH.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1825-1837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981173

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive experiments course is a bridge for higher vocational students to integrate theoretical knowledge with production practice. The article introduces that our biological pharmacy department is committed to the principles of "promotion of teaching, learning and construction through skills competition so as to integrate education and training". By taking penicillin fermentation process as an example, reform has been made in several aspects including teaching objectives, teaching content and teaching methods. We integrate the practical operation of fermentation equipment with virtual simulation software to develop a two-way interactive course. By reducing the subjective dependence, the quantitative management and evaluation of fermentation process parameter control were put into place, which efficiently integrated the skills competition with practical teaching. Improved teaching performance has been achieved over recent years, which may facilitate the reform and practice of similar courses based on skills competition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Learning , Students , Technology , Biological Products
8.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 390-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986732

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of artificial intelligence (AI) cytology combined with DNA-image cytometry (DNA-ICM) auxiliary diagnostic system for the identification of benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites. Methods Liquid-based cytology technology (LCT), DNA-ICM, AI, and AI combined with DNA-ICM were used to identify benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites specimens in 360 cases, and their sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, Kappa value, Youden index and AUC were statistically analyzed. Results The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of AI combined with DNA-ICM in detecting benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites were 95.23%, 94.12%, and 94.44%, respectively, which were higher than those of the three other separate detection methods (all P < 0.05). The kappa values of LCT, DNA-ICM, and AI were 0.646, 0.642, and 0.586; their Youden index values were 0.693, 0.687, and 0.676, and their AUC values were 0.846, 0.843, and 0.838, respectively. The Kappa value of AI combined with DNA-ICM was 0.869, the Youden index was 0.893, and AUC was 0.947, which were all higher than those of the three detection methods alone. Conclusion Among the three separate detection methods, LCT has the highest reliability, authenticity, and diagnostic value, and it can be used as a common method for the clinical identification of benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites. The diagnostic performance of AI combined with DNA-ICM auxiliary diagnosis system in identifying benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites is better than those of the three separate detection methods and can be used as a reliable method for the clinical identification of benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2575-2579, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998812

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the situation and development trend of the disease burden of acute hepatitis B in China in 1990 — 2019. MethodsThe Global Burden of Disease 2019 was used to analyze the incidence rate, mortality rate, and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate of acute hepatitis B in different sex and age groups and predict the trend of the incidence rate of acute hepatitis B. ResultsIn 2019, the incidence rate, mortality rate, and DALY rate of acute hepatitis B in China were 1 623.71/100 000, 0.20/100 000, and 10.04/100 000 respectively, which were reduced by 42.03%, 79.38%, and 80.21%, respectively, compared with the data in 1990, and women showed lower incidence rate, mortality rate, and DALY rate of acute hepatitis B than men. In 2019, the 20~<54 years group had the highest incidence rate (2 285.85/100 000) and DALY rate (10.53/100 000), and the ≥55 years group had the highest mortality rate of 0.52/100 000. The Joinpoint regression model analysis showed that the incidence rate, mortality rate, and DALY rate of acute hepatitis B in China tended to decrease from 1990 to 2019, with an average annual percent change of -1.9%, -5.2%, and -5.5%, respectively (P<0.05). The grey prediction model GM (1,1) showed that the incidence rate of acute hepatitis B will decrease from 2020 to 2030 in China. ConclusionThe disease burden of acute hepatitis B tended to decrease from 1990 to 2019 in China, indicating that the prevention and treatment measures for acute hepatitis B have achieved a marked effect in China; however, due to the large population base of China, active preventive measures should be further adopted to reduce the disease burden of acute hepatitis B.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2435-2444, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937047

ABSTRACT

In this study, a method for simultaneous quantitative analysis of 6 salvianolic acids and 4 tanshinones in extracts of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was established by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC). The semi-biomimetic method was applied to simulate digestion process in vitro, to explore the digestion and transport characters of oral administration through the gastrointestinal tract, and to explain the content ratio changes and bioaccessibility of active ingredients in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The results showed that the 10 index components have a good linear relationship in the corresponding concentration range, and the average recovery rate was 91.35% to 105.65%. After simulated digestion in vitro, types of chemical composition in simulated gastric fluid and simulated intestinal fluid digested extracts of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma did not change significantly. While the content ratio of salvianolic acid B and rosmarinic acid decreased, and the content ratio of protocatechuic aldehyde and danshensu increased. In the simulated gastric fluid digestion extract of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, the order of bioaccessibility was: danshensu (50.19%) > salvianolic acid B (33.44%) > lithospermic acid (27.34%) > salvianolic acid A (21.71%) > rosmarinic acid (12.31%). In the simulated intestinal fluid digestion extract of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, the order of bioaccessibility was: 15,16-dihydrotanshinone Ⅰ (5.45%) > tanshinone Ⅰ (3.67%) > cryptotanshinone (3.29%) > tanshinone ⅡA (3.01%) > salvianolic acid A (2.39%) > lithospermic acid (1.57%) > salvianolic acid B (1.02%) > danshensu (0.41%) > rosmarinic acid (0.34%). In conclusion, the UHPLC method established in this study can be applied for accurately and sensitively detecting the contents of 6 salvianolic acids and 4 tanshinones in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The results of semi-biomimetic extraction showed that not all components were extracted with simulated gastric fluid and simulated intestinal fluid, especially rosmarinic acid and salvianolic acid B. Therefore, in the quality study of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its extract, bioavailability should be considered at the same time when select quality markers and determine their content limits.

11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 102-108, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928505

ABSTRACT

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is one of the most frequent genetic abnormalities and the leading genetic cause of nonobstructive azoospermia. The breeding and study of KS mouse models are essential to advancing our knowledge of the underlying pathological mechanism. Karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization are reliable methods for identifying chromosomal contents. However, technical issues associated with these methods can decrease the efficiency of breeding KS mouse models and limit studies that require rapid identification of target mice. To overcome these limitations, we developed three polymerase chain reaction-based assays to measure specific genetic information, including presence or absence of the sex determining region of chromosome Y (Sry), copy number of amelogenin, X-linked (Amelx), and inactive X specific transcripts (Xist) levels. Through a combined analysis of the assay results, we can infer the karyotype of target mice. We confirmed the utility of our assays with the successful generation of KS mouse models. Our assays are rapid, inexpensive, high capacity, easy to perform, and only require small sample amounts. Therefore, they facilitate the breeding and study of KS mouse models and help advance our knowledge of the pathological mechanism underlying KS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Azoospermia , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Klinefelter Syndrome/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1249-1253, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941466

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the social skills of children with ASD by using Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills(PEERS ), and to reduce the uncertainty towards ASD and negative emotions for mothers of ASD children.@*Methods@#From September to October 2017, 30 dyads of autistic mother and child were recruited and divided into intervention group and control group (15 mother child dyads each). Based on the content of PEERS social skill, cognitive behavior therapy was delivered in group format, through demonstration, role play and group exercise. At the same time, mother child dyads were trained using parallel social technology. Mothers and children with ASD were investigated using Parents Perception of Uncertainty Scale (PPUS), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), Chinese Version of the Beck Depression Inventory II(BDI-Ⅱ-C), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), State Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI-Form Y), and Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Cildhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ).@*Results@#Changes in ASD symptom score in children and emotional score of mothers in the intervention group were less than 0. The total score of mother disease uncertainty(74.93±13.58, 90.40± 9.21 ), ambiguity(31.13±7.07, 38.93±4.73), lack of clarity information(11.93±2.09, 13.80±2.54), unpredictability(9.60±1.99, 12.07±2.89), significantly changed after intervention( t =-3.65, -3.55, -2.20, -2.72, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Social PEERS group intervention can enhance the social skills of children with ASD, reduce uncertainty of illness among mother of ASD children. Timely disease related information, guidance for mothers to actively participate in child care and training, might help to reduce cognitive bias, depressive and anxiety symptoms among mothers.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940390

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Xianlian Jiedu prescription (XLJDP) on the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of cancer-relative endothelial (CRE) cells, and to decipher the mechanism of XLJDP in regulating angiopoietin2 (Ang2) to maintain CRE cell homeostasis and inhibit tumor neovascularization. MethodHuman umbilical vein endothelial cell line (HUVEC-c) was induced into CRE cells in the human colorectal cancer HCT-116 cell-conditioned medium. The CRE cells were assigned into the blank group, conditioned medium group, and XLJDP groups (1, 2, 3 g·L-1) and treated for 48 h. The proliferation of CRE cells was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry. The morphological changes of CRE cells were observed via an inverted microscope. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. Wound healing test and Transwell migration assay were employed to detect the 2D/3D migration ability of CRE cells. The protein levels of vimentin, N-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and Ang2 in CRE cells were measured by Western blot. ResultThe MTT results showed that the cell viability was higher in the conditioned medium group than in the blank group (P<0.05). Compared with the conditioned medium group, XLJDP decreased the cell proliferation rate (P<0.01) and changed the cell morphology. The total apoptosis rates of all the XLJDP groups were higher than that of the conditioned medium group (P<0.01). The 2D and 3D migration abilities of the conditioned medium group were higher than those of the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the conditioned medium group, XLJDP at all the concentrations weakened the 2D migration ability (P<0.01) and medium- and high-concentration XLJDP weakened the 3D migration ability (P<0.01). The protein levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin, MMP-9, and Ang2 were up-regulated in the conditioned medium group compared with those in the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the conditioned medium group, XLJDP at all the concentrations down-regulated the protein level of Ang2 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and medium- and high-concentration XLJDP down-regulated those of N-cadherin, vimentin, and MMP-9 protein (P<0.01). ConclusionXLJDP may inhibit the proliferation, migration, differentiation, and apoptosis of CRE cells by down-regulating the expression of Ang2, inhibiting tumor neovascularization, and maintaining the cell homeostasis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 79-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940389

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of Xianlian Jiedu prescription (XLJDP) on the activation of nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway induced by bromodomain-containing protein 4 (Brd4) in hypoxic microenvironment and to explore its mechanism in inhibiting the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells. MethodThe human colorectal cancer HT-29 cells were cultured in a hypoxic incubator or normoxia incubator and treated with XLJDP at 0.8,1,1.2,1.6,3.2,6.4,and 12.8 g·L-1 for 48 h, respectively. Following the detection of cell vitality using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry, the effects of XLJDP (1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1) on the cell mitochondrial membrane potential were determined using a fluorescent probe (JC-1), and the apoptosis of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The cell colony formation assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EDU) staining were conducted to test the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells. The Western blot was carried out to measure the expression levels of Brd4 and its downstream relevant proteins such as c-Myc and hexamethylene bisacetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1), as well as the effects of XLJDP on related proteins in the NF-κB signaling pathway. ResultCompared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 0.8,1,1.2,1.6,3.2,6.4,and 12.8 g·L-1 inhibited the vitality of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells (P<0.05 , P<0.01), with the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) under the hypoxic condition higher than that under the normoxia condition. Compared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1 significantly decreased the mitochondria membrane potential, enhanced the apoptosis (P<0.05,P<0.01), and lowered the number of cell colonies and also the EDU-positive cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of Western blot showed that compared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1 down-regulated Brd4, c-Myc, p-NF-κB p65, and p-IκBα protein expression to varying degrees and up-regulated the expression of HEXIM1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionIn the hypoxic microenvironment, XLJDP inhibits the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells regulated by Brd4, which may be related to its inhibition of the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 407-412, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression, prognostic value and potential mechanism for the role of SNHG4 in gastric cancer.Methods:The expression of SNHG4 in gastric cancer was analyzed by UALCAN database. The relationship between SNHG4 and prognosis of gastric cancer was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier Plotter. SNHG4-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed by StarBase, Targetscan, microT-CDS and Cytoscape. The target genes were analysis GO and KEGG pathway enrichment by DAVID database.Results:The expression of SNHG4 in gastric cancer was significantly higher than that in normal tissues ( P=8.882E-16) . The overall survival time of patients with high SNHG4 expression was lower than that of patients with low expression ( P=8.900E-05) . Through the construction of RNA regulatory network, we found that hsa-let-7a-5p ( P=1.02E-03) , hsa-miR-152-3p ( P=4.51E-06) , hsa-miR-204-5p ( P=6.68E-04) and hsa-miR-363-3p ( P=8.06E-03) could be used as the binding sites of SNHG4 in gastric cancer, and these four miRNAs further regulated 250 downstream target genes. Through GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of the target genes, we found that these target genes played roles in the biological process of protein phosphorylation regulation, transcription negative regulation, RNA polymerase II promoter transcription, and participated in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer by blocking or activating Wnt and other signal pathways. Conclusions:SNHG4 can be used as a potential tumor marker for gastric cancer to judge the prognosis of gastric cancer. By constructing a SNHG4-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network, the pathogenesis of gastric cancer can be studied at the molecular level. This provides a clear direction for experimental and clinical research.

16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 889-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015394

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand-13 (CXCL-13) on the proliferation and migration of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) by network pharmacology. Methods To predict that the targets of CXCL-13 on BMSCs by online database. Metascape was used to perform gene ontology (GO) of the targets and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway was used to perform enrichment analysis. The protein interaction analysis was performed by STRING 11.0 database, and the protein module of core gene was screened by using the cytoHubba 0. 1 of Cytoscape 3. 8. We divided BMSCs into control group, CXCL-13 group and PI3K inhibitor group. MTT assay, flow cytometric analysis and Transwell cell migration assay were respectively used to detect the absorbance (A) value of BMSCs in each group, the apoptosis rate and the number of cell migration. The protein contents of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in BMSCs supernatant were determined by ELISA. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) of BMSCs in each group. Results It was predicted that 21 targets of CXCL-13 effect on BMSCs. There were 32 biological processes related to cell proliferation include stem cell proliferation, regulation of endothelial cell proliferation and positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation. There were 22 biological processes related to cell migration include regulating cell migration, amebic cell migration and endothelial cell migration. There were 40 KEGG pathways including cancer pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and MAPK signaling pathway. The core proteins included tumor protein P53 (TP53), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), heat shock protein 90 kD alpha class B member 1 (HSP90AB1), protein kinase Ca (PRKCA), estrogen receptor 2 (ESR2) and prostaglandin E receptor 4 (PTGER4). Compared with other groups, the absorbance (A) value and cell migration number of BMSCs in CXCL-13 group increased significantly (P< 0. 01, 71=15), and the apoptosis rate decreased significantly (P<0. 01, n= 15). However, absorbance value, apoptosis rate and migration number of BMSCs in PI3K inhibitor group were contrary to those in CXCL-13 group (P<0. 01, n= 15). Compared with the control group, the protein contents of EGF and VEGF in BMSCs of CXCL-13 group increased significantly (P<0. 01, n= 15), and the relative expression of Akt and p-Akt increased significantly (P<0. 01, n = 9). However, the protein content of EGF and VEGF, and the relative expression of Akt and p-Akt in PI3K inhibitor group were opposite. Conclusion Through activating PI3K-Akt pathway, CXCL-13 may promote BMSCs paracrine EGF and VEGF proteins, and improve proliferation and migration of BMSCs, as well as inhibit BMSCs apoptosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 392-395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875705

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between childhood abuse and recent negative life events with suicidal ideation and attempt, and to provide reference for prevention and control of suicidal behaviors in middle school students.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 7 986 middle school students from Shenzhen, Nanchang and Shenyang as participants. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect information on demographic indicators, childhood abuse, negative life events, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, etc. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between childhood abuse experience and negative life events with suicidal ideation and suicide attempt.@*Results@#The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 22.9% and 4.7%. After adjusted for confounding variables, with the increase of childhood abuse and negative life events, suicidal ideation and attempt in middle school students showed an increasing trend(P<0.05). Compared those with low level of childhood abuse and negative life events, students with high childhood abuse and high negative life events had a higher suicidal ideation and suicide attempt risk, the multiple adjusted odds ratio was 10.43 and 19.75(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Childhood abuse and negative life events are important risk factors affecting suicidal ideation and attempt in middle school students. Strategies to reduce childhood abuse and negative life events should be an integral component of targeted mental health interventions.

18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 725-729, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion for moderate to severe cancer pain.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with moderate to severe cancer pain were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,30 cases in each one. In the control group,opioids were taken to relief pain according to the three-step analgesic method of World Health Organization. On the base of the treatment as the control group, intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion were applied at Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Taichong (LR 3), etc. in the observation group, 14 days of treatment were required. The equivalent morphine consumption at the first day and whole course, the scores of cancer quality of life questionnaire-C30 (QLQ-C30) and Hamilton anxiety scale before and after treatment, and the adverse reaction rate were compared in the two groups. The total analgesic effective rate was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The total analgesic effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group, higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Intradermal needling combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion can reduce the dose of opioids, improve the quality of life, relief the anxiety in patients with moderate to severe cancer pain, and reduce the incidence of common adverse reaction of opioids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Cancer Pain/therapy , Hot Temperature , Moxibustion , Neoplasms/therapy , Pain , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 62-65, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815545

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between screen time, exposure time to different screens and psychology behaviors of preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 2 582 children from kindergartens in urban Xuzhou areas were recruited to perform the physical examination, a cluster sampling method being explored. Parent questionnaires were performed to understand the time of screens and children’s psychology behaviors. Multi-linear regression and Logistic regression models were also used to analyze the correlation between them in preschool children.@*Results@#The prevalence of abnormal internalization behavior of preschool children in Xuzhou City was 3.8%, the detection rate of abnormal externalization behavior was 22.4%, and the detection rate of prosocial behavior abnormality was 20.9%. The time spent by the preschool boys on TV time, learning day screen time and one-week video time is significantly higher than the girls (P<0.05). After adjusting for age and gender, the results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the longer the average screen time, the more serious the problem of internalizing and externalizing problems; and the longer the average screen time of the weekend and the week, the worse the prosocial behavior of children (P<0.05). After correcting multiple covariates, it was found that the average screen time was positively correlated with children’s internal and external behavioral problems (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and gender, the average screen time of study day, weekend and week was a risk factor for preschool children’s internal and external behavior problems, and the average weekly screen time was a protective factor for prosocial behavior (P<0.05). After adjusting for multiple covariates, the learning day and the average weekly screen time were risk factors for children’s internal and external behavior (P<0.05). In addition, the results of association analysis between different types of video time exposure and psychological behavior showed that after adjusting for age and gender, all types of video exposures affected the internal and external behaviors of patients (P<0.05); after correcting multiple covariates The association was still statistically significant (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and gender, the exposure time of each type of video screen was a risk factor for children’s internal and external behavior problems (P<0.05). After correcting multiple covariates, all types of video exposure were internalized behavior problems. The risk factors, and the video time of other electronic products were risk factors for externalization behavior problems (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Average screen time has a significant positive correlation with psychological behavior, and the exposure time of screens such as TV and mobile phone could increase the incidence of psychological behaviors in preschool children.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 893-896, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationship between the main body components and blood pressure in adolescents and to understand the association between major body components and blood pressure in adolescents provides a basis for reducing the risk of hypertension.@*Methods@#A total of 366 middle school students in Tianjin aged 12-15 with the normal intelligence and no serious disease, willing to participate in the research were selected. Inbody 520 human body composition analyzer was used to analyze their body composition. Systolic blood pressure diastolic pressure curve fit for the dependent variable selection, the optimal model of the selection criteria for goodness of fit value maximum and the minimum AIC value.@*Results@#The percentage of body fat of girls was higher than that of boys(t=-4.73, P<0.01). The systolic blood pressure pulse pressure difference of liposuction body weight was lower than that of boys(t=8.68, 2.38, 2.37, P<0.05). The systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the mixed obesity group was significantly higher than that of the normal body type group(F=6.59, 4.78, P<0.01). In the six fitting models, except for the secondary model between body fat percentage and diastolic blood pressure, the AIC value and R2 value of boys were not statistically significant, the other models were statistically significant(P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the three-time model between body fat weight and systolic blood pressure, the linear and logarithmic model between body fat percentage and diastolic blood pressure, the linear, logarithmic, quadratic, cubic, AIC value and R2 value of the combined model, but the other models had statistical significance(P<0.05).Besides, the quadratic and power equations between body weight and systolic and diastolic blood pressure of female students meet the minimum of AIC value and the maximum of corrected goodness of fit R2, the percentage of body fat, body weight and systolic and diastolic blood pressure of male and female students meet the minimum of AIC value and the maximum of corrected goodness of fit R2.@*Conclusion@#Compared with boys, adolescent girls are more prone to obesity and other diseases, and obesity is closely related to blood pressure. It is suggested that the effective control of the growth rate of body fat percentage is conducive to improving physical fitness, preventing and reducing the risk of hypertension, and promoting the healthy growth of adolescents.

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