Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.307
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 179-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the e xtraction technology of Guizhi shaoyao zhimu decoction (GSZD). METHODS The contents of 9 components in GSZD were determined by HPLC ,such as ephedrine hydrochloride ,pseudoephedrine hydrochloride , mangiferin,paeoniflorin,liquiritin,5-O-methylvisammioside,glycyrrhizic acid ,cinnamic acid ,6-gingerol. On the basis of single factor experiment ,taking material-liquid ratio ,extraction times and extraction time as inspection factors ,taking the contents of above 9 components and the yield of dry extract as evaluation indicators ,the analytic hierarchy process and entropy weight method were used to determine the composite weight of each index and calculate the comprehensive score ;the extraction technology parameters of GSZD were optimized by Box-Behnken response surface method ,and the validation tests were conducted. RESULTS The composite weight of the contents of ephedrine hydrochloride ,pseudoephedrine hydrochloride ,mangiferin,paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin,5-O-methylvisa- midol ,glycyrrhizinate,cinnamic acid ,6-gingerol and the yield of dry extract were respectively 0.12,0.10,0.05,0.12,0.14,0.06,0.13,0.15,0.10,0.03. The optimal extraction technology of GSZD is that the ratio of material to liquid is 1 ∶ 14(g/mL),extraction is 2 times,and the extraction time is 3.0 h;average comprehensive score of the 3 verification tests was 95.879,and RSD was 0.50%(n=3),the deviation from the predicted comprehensive score (94.328)was 1.64%. CONCLUSIONS In this study ,the optimal extraction technology of GSZD is determined.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy of Shengmai San in patients with cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines.@*METHODS@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase Databases from the inceptions until December 2020. The Cochrane Handbook was used to evaluate the risk of bias in the included studies. Data analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCTs with 2,331 participants were included in this review. Results showed that in improving arrhythmia (13 RCTs, n=1,877, RR=0.37, 95%CI 0.25 to 0.52, P<0.00001), the treatment group was superior to the control group. In terms of reducing left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD, 2 RCTs, n=128, MD=-0.79, 95%CI -0.93 to -0.65, P<0.00001) and left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD, 2 RCTs, n=128, MD=-0.58, 95%CI -0.82 to -0.35, P<0.00001), the treatment group was also better than the control group. In reducing myocardial enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK) [(3 RCTs, n=256, SMD=-0.80, 95%CI -1.16 to -0.44, P<0.0001), (2 RCTs, n=126, SMD=-0.62, 95%CI -0.98 to -0.26, P=0.0007)], the treatment group was superior to the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Shengmai San has a positive effect on the treatment of cardiotoxicity from anthracyclines. However, in the future, it is still necessary to conduct high-quality RCTs to verify its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928593

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the risk factors for postoperative delirium (POD) in children with congenital heart disease.@*METHODS@#A prospective nested case-control study was performed on children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery in Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from December 2020 to June 2021. The clinical data were compared between the POD group (n=114) and non-POD group (n=102). A multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for POD in children with congenital heart disease.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=0.951, P<0.001), gender (OR=2.127, P=0.049), number of invasive catheters per day (OR=1.490, P=0.017), degree of postoperative pain (OR=5.856, P<0.001), and preoperative parental anxiety level (OR=1.025, P=0.010) were independent risk factors for POD in children with congenital heart disease.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of POD increases in children with congenital heart disease who are younger, male, have higher number of invasive catheters per day, higher degree of postoperative pain, or higher preoperative parental anxiety level.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Child , Delirium/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928442

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and CSNK2B gene variant of 2 children with Poirier-Bienvenu neurodevelopmental syndrome, and to identify the possible pathogenic causes and provide evidence for clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#Two children with Poirier-Bienvenu neurodevelopmental syndrome were selected from West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University. The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination and CSNK2B gene variant were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The main manifestations of 2 children were epilepsy, motor or intellectual retardation. Whole exon sequencing showed that CSNK2B gene c. 291+4A>T heterozygous splicing variant was found in case one, and CSNK2B copy number variation(CNV) was lost in case two. Case one received no special treatment, followed up for 8+ months, seizures and motor development were improved; case two had recurrent seizures for 9+ years, and received levetiracetam and clonazepam antiepileptic treatment. No seizures have occurred for 2 years now, and a large number of epileptic discharges can still be seen in video electroencephalogram (VEEG) with slightly backward intelligence and language development.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study further proves that the pathogenic variant of CSNK2B is related to epilepsy with developmental disorder, and enrich is the CSNK2B gene variant spectrum. The pathogenesis of CSNK2B has great clinical heterogeneity, with great difference in severity of nervous system injury and different prognosis, and agenesis of corpus callosum may be one of its clinical phenotypes.


Subject(s)
Child , DNA Copy Number Variations , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Epilepsy/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Seizures/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of a child featuring Xia-Gibbs syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the child.@*RESULTS@#The patient has presented with developmental delay, hypotonia, strabismus and snoring. Cranial MRI revealed hypomyelination, while the EEGs were normal. Genetic testing revealed a de novo variant of the AHDC1 gene, namely c.730delA (p.Ile244Serfs*16), which was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2). Together with 60 cases from the literature, individuals harboring a AHDC1 variant commonly have delayed motor milestones, speech delay, facial dysmorphism and hypotonia. Dysgenesis of corpus callosum is also common. In total 47 AHDC1 variants have been reported, among which truncating variants were the most common type.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.730delA (p.Ile244Serfs*16) variant of the AHDC1 gene probably underlay the Xia-Gibbs syndrome in this patient. Above finding has provided a basis for the clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Child , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Muscle Hypotonia , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and ZBTB18 gene variant in a child with epilepsy and global developmental delay.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and laboratory examination of the patient were reviewed. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was also carried out for the family trio.@*RESULTS@#The main manifestations of the child included global developmental delay, short stature, epileptic seizures. EEG revealed frequent occurrence of sharp (slow) waves in the right central region during sleeping, with sharp waves occasionally seen in the frontal and right posterior temporal regions. Cranial MRI has shown no obvious abnormality. WES has identified a de novo pathogenic variant in the ZBTB18 gene [NM_205768.3: exon 2: c.1282_1283del (p.Phe428Leufs*72)]. Based on the guidelines from American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was classified as pathogenic (PS2+PVS1_Moderate+PM2_Supporting). Following treatment with levetiracetam and rehabilitation, the seizures have been controlled for nearly half a year, with improvement of the psychomotor and language development. So far 28 children have been discovered with ZBTB18 gene mutations, and there was a significant difference in the clinical phenotypes of motor retardation, language retardation and epilepsy between those harboring frameshift/nonsense mutations and missense mutations.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1282_1283del (p.Phe428leufs *72) variant of the ZBTB18 probably underlay the autosomal dominant mental disorder type 22 in this child. Compared with missense mutations, frameshift/nonsense mutations may predispose more to motor retardation, delayed language development and epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Epilepsy/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Taohong Siwu Decoction(, THSWD) on the mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) migration, homing number and cytokine expression in callus during the early process of fracture healing, and to explore the mechanism of THSWD on accelerationg fracture healing by regulating the homing of MSCs in rats.@*METHODS@#A rat model of right femoral shaft open fracture was established. Thirty-two 5-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighting 110 to 130 g, were divided into control group, low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group by using random number table. Distilled water was given to the control group, and the other groups were given Taohong Siwu Decoction. The rats were gavaged twice a day for 5 consecutive days after surgery. Bone volume/tissue volume(BV/TV) and bone mineral density(BMD) were observed using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) at 21 days after surgery. At 5 days post-fracture, peripheral blood MSCs from THSWD treated and untreated rats were cultured in vitro. Subsequently, the migration ability of MSCs was observed by cell migration assay. The number of MSCs homing to the callus at the early stage of fracture (5 d) was detected by Immunohistochemistry (IHC). Protein chip was used to detect the expression of cytokines in callus.@*RESULTS@#Micro-CT results showed that BV/TV was higher in the high-dose group than in the medium-dose group (P=0.032), and higher in the medium-dose group than in the low-dose group(P=0.041), with no difference between the control and low-dose group (P=0.651). In addition, there was no difference in BMD between low-dose group and the model group (P=0.671), and lower in the low-dose group than in the medium-dose group(P=0.018), and the medium-dose group was lower than the high-dose group(P=0.008). Cell migration assay showed that THSWD promotes enhanced the migration ability of peripheral blood MSCs. IHC assay revealed that CD45-, CD90+, CD29+ MSCs significantly increased in bone callus after THSWD intervention compared with the control group. Protein chip showed that THSWD promoted the upregulation of CINC-1(×2.91), CINC-3(×1.59), LIX(×1.5), Thymus Chemokine (×2.55), VEGF (×1.22) and the down-regulation of TIMP-1 (×2.98).@*CONCLUSION@#THSWD, a representative formula of "promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis", can significantly accelerate fracture healing, and its mechanism may be related to enhancing the migration ability of peripheral blood MSCs and up-regulating CINC-1, CINC-3, LIX, Thymus Chemokine, VEGF and down-regulating TIMP-1 in bone callus, which promotes the peripheral blood MSCs homing in the early stage of fracture.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , X-Ray Microtomography
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927988

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the composition and distribution characteristics of inorganic elements in Laminaria japonica, this study employed inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) to detect the inorganic elements and used high performance liquid chromatography tandem ICP-MS(HPLC-ICP-MS) to determine the content of different arsenic species in L. japonica from diffe-rent origins. Micro X-ray fluorescence(Micro-XRF) was used to determine micro-area distribution of inorganic elements in L. japonica. The results showed that the average content of Mn, Fe, Sr, and Al was high, and that of As and Cr exceeded the limits of the national food safety standard. According to the results of HPLC-ICP-MS, arsenobetaine(AsB) was the main species of As contained in L. japonica. The more toxic inorganic arsenic accounts for a small proportion, whereas its content was 1-4 times of the limit in the national food safety standard. The results of Micro-XRF showed that As, Pb, Fe, Cu, Mn, and Ni were mainly distributed on the surface of L. japonica. Among them, As and Pb had a clear tendency to diffuse from the surface to the inside. The results of the study can provide a basis for the processing as well as the medicinal and edible safety evaluation of L. japonica.


Subject(s)
Arsenic/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Laminaria , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Spectrum Analysis , Trace Elements/analysis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927652

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#It is unclear whether G protein-coupled receptor 61 (GPR61) affecting body weight, plays a role in the association between birth weight and weather. This study aimed to assess the effects of prenatal weather and GPR61 on birth weight.@*Methods@#A total of 567 mother-newborn pairs were recruited in Houzhai Center Hospital during 2011-2012. We detected the maternal and neonatal GPR61 promoter methylation levels, and obtained meteorological and air pollution data.@*Results@#A positive association was observed between maternal and neonatal GPR61 methylation levels, and both of them were affected by precipitation, relative humidity (RH) and daily temperature range (DTR). Birth weight was associated negatively with RH and positively with DTR ( P < 0.05). A significant association was observed between birth weight and neonatal GPR61 methylation. We observed that maternal GPR61 methylation seemed to modify associations between weather and birth weight ( P interaction < 0.10), while neonatal GPR61 methylation mediated the effects of RH and DTR on birth weight ( P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Our findings revealed the significant associations among prenatal weather, GPR61 methylation and birth weight. Maternal GPR61 methylation may modify the susceptibility of birth weight to prenatal weather conditions, while neonatal GPR61 methylation may be a bridge of the effects of prenatal RH and DTR on birth weight.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution/analysis , Birth Weight , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Pregnancy , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Temperature , Weather
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927630

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine if ARHGEF10 has a haploinsufficient effect and provide evidence to evaluate the severity, if any, during prenatal consultation.@*METHODS@#Zebrafish was used as a model for generating mutant. The pattern of arhgef10 expression in the early stages of zebrafish development was observed using whole-mount in situ hybridization (WISH). CRISPR/Cas9 was applied to generate a zebrafish model with a single-copy or homozygous arhgef10 deletion. Activity and light/dark tests were performed in arhgef10 -/-, arhgef10 +/-, and wild-type zebrafish larvae. ARHGEF10 was knocked down using small interferon RNA (siRNA) in the SH-SY5Y cell line, and cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined using the CCK-8 assay and Annexin V/PI staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#WISH showed that during zebrafish embryonic development arhgef10 was expressed in the midbrain and hindbrain at 36-72 h post-fertilization (hpf) and in the hemopoietic system at 36-48 hpf. The zebrafish larvae with single-copy and homozygous arhgef10 deletions had lower exercise capacity and poorer responses to environmental changes compared to wild-type zebrafish larvae. Moreover, arhgef10 -/- zebrafish had more severe symptoms than arhgef10 +/- zebrafish. Knockdown of ARHGEF10 in human neuroblastoma cells led to decreased cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on our findings, ARHGEF10 appeared to have a haploinsufficiency effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Annexin A5 , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , CRISPR-Associated Protein 9 , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Genotype , Humans , In Situ Hybridization , Larva/physiology , Phenotype , RNA/isolation & purification , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/standards , Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/metabolism , Sincalide/analysis , Spectrophotometry/methods , Zebrafish/physiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927386

ABSTRACT

Based on the difference between disease and syndrome differentiation of acupuncture and moxibustion and each department of TCM, i.e. internal medicine, external medicine, gynecology and pediatrics, it is believed that "differentiation of disease location" is the key of disease and syndrome differentiation of acupuncture and moxibustion. According to the disease location, in the section "treatment" of Science of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, the disorders/illness are classified as zangfu disorder, disorders of limbs and meridians, dermatological disorder, ophthalmological and otorhinolaryngological disorder, gynecological disorder, as well as qi, blood and body fluid disorder. Besides, the rules of disease and syndrome differentiation, as well as treatment characteristics of each category are explained separately. It is considered that the clinical diagnosis and treatment system of acupuncture and moxibustion should be constructed by focusing on "differentiation of disease location".


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Child , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Syndrome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927353

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells in the hippocampus of young mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of AD.@*METHODS@#Forty 1.5-month-old APP/PS1 transgenic male mice were randomly divided into an EA group and a model group, 20 mice in each group, and other 20 C57BL/6J male mice of the same age were used as the normal control group. EA (intermittment wave 10 Hz, 2 mA) was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) for 20 min, once a day, 6 days a week for 16 weeks. H.E. staining was used to assess histopathological changes of neurons of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. Immunohistochemical stain was used to detect the expression of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive in the hippocampus, and immunofluorescence double-labeled technique was used to detect the number of proliferated positive neurons of hippocampal neural stem cells. The expression levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Nestin mRNA and protein were detected by using real-time PCR and Western blot, separately.@*RESULTS@#The immunoactivity of BrdU, and the expression levels of BDNF and Nestin mRNA and protein in the hippocampus in the model group were significantly lower than in the normal control group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and considerably higher in the EA group than in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The number of BrdU/NeuN dual labeled neurons was slightly increased in the model group than in the normal control group (P>0.05), and evidently increased in the EA group relevant to the model group (P<0.05), suggesting a proliferation of hippocampal neural stem cells. After modeling, the neurons of hippocampal dentate gyrus were arranged loosely and irregularly and their structure was fuzzy, with an appearance of different degrees of nuclear pyknosis, whereas in the EA group, the neuronal contour was clear and the nuclear structure was relatively distinct.@*CONCLUSION@#EA can activate the proliferation of neural stem cells in the hippocampus in AD mice, which may contribute to its function in improving the neuronal structure by upregulating the expression of BDNF.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Animals , Cell Proliferation , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924019

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the equity of the allocation of oral medical resources and the accessibility of health service capabilities in Wuhan. Methods The equity of oral medical resources was calculated with Gini coefficient and Theil index, accessibility was assessed by two-step floating catchment area model, and the spatial autocorrelation was used to study the high-low clustering of accessibility. Results The Gini coefficient of oral medical resources based on population level was around 0.3, and the Gini coefficient of oral medical resources based on geographic area was greater than 0.6. Theil index calculation results were similar. In terms of overall accessibility, the area with poor accessibility was 2,428 square kilometers, reaching 28.38% of the total area, while the area with better accessibility accounted for 14.18%. Conclusion The allocation of oral medical care resources based on population distribution was fairer and better than that based on geographic area. Moreover, the geographical accessibility varies greatly between regions, showing the characteristics of high-high cluster and low-low cluster.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923784

ABSTRACT

Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease caused by infections with larval Echinococcus. The life cycle of Echinococcus involves a variety of animal hosts, including hoofed animals and rodents as intermediate hosts and carnivores as definitive hosts. The transmission of human echinococcosis is closely associated with the life cycle of E. granulosus and E. multilocularis among animal hosts in nature. This review summarizes the recent advances in the prevalence and influencing factors of E. granulosus and E. multilocularis infections in animal hosts, so as to provide insights into precision control of echinococcosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923778

ABSTRACT

Objective To create a risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria. Methods The risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria was preliminarily constructed through literature review and thematic discussions. A total of 26 malaria control experts were selected to carry out a two-round Delphi consultation of the indicator system. The active coefficient, authority coefficient and coordination coefficient of the experts and the coefficient of variation on each indicator were calculated for indicator screening and the weight of each indicator was calculated. The reliability of the indicator system was evaluated using Cronbach’s coefficient α, and the content validity of the indicator system was evaluated using the authority coefficient of the expert, while the structural validity of the indicator system was evaluated using Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test and factor analysis. Results Two rounds of Delphi expert consultations were completed by 23 malaria control experts, and a risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria was constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 7 secondary indicators, and 21 tertiary indicators. The active coefficient (100.00% vs. 88.46%; P < 0.01) and coordination coefficient of the expert (0.372 vs. 0.286; P < 0.01) were significantly greater in the second round of the Delphi expert consultation than in the first round. After the second round of the Delphi expert consultation, the authority coefficient of the experts ranged from 0.757 to 0.930 on each indicator, and the coefficients of variation were 0.098 to 0.136, 0.112 to 0.276 and 0.139 to 0.335 for the primary, secondary and tertiary indicators, respectively. The overall Cronbach’s coefficient α of the indicator system was 0.941, and there were significant differences in the KMO values for primary (KMO value = 0.523; χ2 = 18.192, P < 0.05), secondary (KMO value = 0.694, χ2 = 51.499, P < 0.01) and tertiary indicators (KMO value = 0.519; χ2 = 477.638, P < 0.01), while the cumulative contribution rate of six principal components in the tertiary indicators was 84.23%. The normalized weights of three primary indicators of the source of infection, transmission condition and control capability were 0.337, 0.333 and 0.329, and the three secondary indicators with the greatest normalized weights included the number of imported cases and malaria parasite species (0.160), introduction of imported cases in China and medical care seeking (0.152), vector species and density (0.152), while the five tertiary indicators with the greatest normalized weights included the malaria parasite species of imported cases (0.065), vector populations (0.064), and the time interval from onset to medical care seeking (0.059), number of imported cases (0.056), and the time interval from medical care seeking to definitive diagnosis (0.055). Conclusions A risk assessment indicator system for re-establishment of imported malaria is successfully created, which provides insights into the assessment of the risk of re-establishment of imported malaria and management of key high-risk factors in malaria-eliminated areas.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 492-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922915

ABSTRACT

A novel sort of nano-component was extricated and isolated from Descurainiae Semen Carbonisatum (DSC), and its hemostatic component was considered through pharmacological experiments. A muffle furnace was used to prepare DSC at 250 ℃, 300 ℃ and 350 ℃, and the DSC dialysate at each temperature was obtained by the extraction and separation method. Low-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were utilized to characterize the nano-components. Ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV-Vis), fluorescence spectroscopy (FL) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were utilized to measure its optical characteristics and functional group information. The anti-hemorrhagic effects were evaluated by liver bleeding tests and the related hemostatic mechanisms of the obtained nano-components were further assessed by detecting blood coagulation and PLT quantity to discuss the hemostasis mechanism. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. TEM results showed that there was a novel type of nano-component in the DSC dialysate bag, which was named DSC nano-components (DSC-NCs). The experimental results of liver bleeding in mice showed that DSC-NCs prepared at 250 ℃, 300 ℃, and 350 ℃ could reduce the bleeding time of mice liver. Among them, DSC-NCs prepared at 350 °C had the best effect. In addition, DSC-NCs prepared at various temperatures can also reduce the prothrombin time (PT) value, increase the fibrinogen (FIB) value and the platelet (PLT) value to varying degrees. DSC-NCs have a certain hemostatic effect, which may be related to the activation of the exogenous coagulation system, the increase of FIB value and the increase of platelet content. This provides a new research direction for exploring the treatment of bleeding diseases, and provides a new perspective for the potential application of DSC-NCs in the medical field.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate a new type of draw-bar skin stretcher in repair of full-thickness skin defects.Methods:From May 2015 to January 2019, 52 patients with full-thickness skin defects were repaired with a new type of draw-bar skin stretcher at Daping Hospital, Army Medical University. They were 40 males and 12 females, aged from 4 to 61 years (average, 37.1 years). Their skin was stretched for primary wound closure. When primary wound closure failed, skin stretching was performed again to close the wound depending on the wound condition. When the Pinch test was negative after skin stretching, the wound was sutured directly. In cases of positive Pinch test, a skin graft or flap was used to repair the remaining wound. At 12 months after surgery, scar contracture and size of skin graft or flap were observed and wound healing after skin stretching was evaluated in comparison with the original wound.Results:After skin stretching, one-stage wound closure was achieved in 36 cases and multi-stage wound closure in 8 cases; of the remaining 8 cases, 2 were repaired by skin graft and 6 by skin flap after their wounds were reduced by skin stretching. In one-stage closed wounds, infection occurred in 3 cases and marginal necrosis in 5 cases; in the wounds repaired by skin graft or flap, no infection or necrosis was observed. The 12-month follow-up for all the patients showed fine healing of all the wounds after one-stage or multi-stage closure, linear scar, absence of scar contracture, and smaller wound sizes than the original ones after skin graft or flap repair.Conclusions:Skin stretching using our new type of draw-bar skin stretcher is an effective treatment for skin wounds. It can replace traditional skin grafting and flap surgery in some cases, but its indications should be strictly followed to avoid related complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 11-14, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909826

ABSTRACT

Trauma score, trauma registry and construction of trauma database are the cornerstones for the quality improvement of trauma centers. Abbreviated injury scale (AIS)/injury severity score (ISS) has been used as the basis for evaluation of trauma centers in lots of countries since 2008, and has now developed into a globally recognized trauma scoring system. The authors introduce the changes in the number of codes and the setting of scores in the nine versions of AIS released since 1971, as well as the application effects of the AIS/ISS scoring system in recent years. Combined with the actual clinical cases, the errors in the current clinical application of AIS/ISS are analyzed. The construction of trauma registry and database in China has just started. The current focus is not to propose new trauma scores, but to correctly and accurately apply AIS/ISS scores first.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the performance characteristics of the digital clock-drawing test(dCDT) for amnestic mild cognitive impairment(aMCI), and its diagnostic value for aMCI patients compared with the traditional clock-drawing test (tCDT).Methods:Total 81 middle-aged and elderly outpatients in Affiliated Hospital to Shanxi Medical University from November 2020 to May 2021 were selected, including 42 cognitively normal people (control group) and 39 aMCI patients (aMCI group). The dCDT developed by our team was used to collect drawing process parameters (such as stroke length, time and speed). The Cognitive Domain Indexs of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were calculated using the CDIS scoring method, and the correlation between dCDT parameters and MoCA indexs were analyzed.Logistic regression analysis was used to construct the predictive model, and the sensitivity and specificity of different methods for the diagnosis of aMCI patients were compared by the area under the ROC curve.Results:(1) The total time(51.25(38.80, 63.75)s vs 42.42(33.64, 51.91)s) and time in air(36.34(26.81, 47.25)s vs 28.47(22.37, 33.98)s) of the aMCI group were significantly higher than those of the control group, and the minute hand/hour hand ratio(1.23±0.35 vs 1.39±0.34), strokes per minute((31.31±10.44) vs (41.05±9.48))and tCDT score(3.0(3.0, 4.0), 4.0(3.0, 4.0))were significantly lower than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Other dCDT parameters were not statistically significant between the two groups ( Z=-1.835--0.440, P>0.05). (2) Correlation analysis showed that the total time was negatively correlated with MoCA MIS( r=-0.224, P=0.049), LIS( r=-0.237, P=0.037)and AIS( r=-0.236, P=0.038); time in air was negatively correlated with MoCA MIS( r=-0.268, P=0.018), LIS( r=-0.271, P=0.016), AIS( r=-0.259, P=0.022)and OISA( r=-0.267, P=0.018); the minute hand/hour hand ratio was positively correlated with MoCA EIS( r=0.259, P=0.022)and VIS( r=0.309, P=0.006); the strokes per minute was positively correlated with MoCA MIS( r=0.376, P=0.001), EIS( r=0.290, P=0.010), VIS( r=0.294, P=0.009), AIS( r=0.238, P=0.036)and OISA( r=0.301, P=0.007). (3)dCDT model composed of the pre-second hand latency, the ratio of minute hand/hour hand, and the strokes per minute can correctly classify 77.8% of aMCI, with a sensitivity of 74.36% and a specificity of 80.95%.Its diagnostic power for aMCI was significantly higher than the tCDT scoring( Z=2.335, P=0.02). Conclusion:The cognitive impairment in aMCI can be detected by dCDT, and different dCDT parameters can reflect the impairment of different cognitive domains.Compared with tCDT scoring, dCDT can improve the diagnostic efficacy of aMCI patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 813-816, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the salt sales situation and salt iodine content in the market of Guizhou Province 3 years after the system reform of salt industry.Methods:From August to October 2020, in 9 cities (prefectures) of Guizhou Province, 2 counties (cities and districts) were selected from each city (prefecture), 1 urban area and 1 township were selected from each county (city and district), 1 large supermarket and 1 farmers' market were selected in the urban area, and 1 small supermarkets or convenience stores were selected in the township, to check the varieties, place of origin and iodine content label on the package of salt sold, and different brands of salt were collected and sent to the provincial and county salt iodine laboratories. The iodine content was determined and analyzed.Results:A total of 18 large supermarkets, 18 farmers' markets and 18 small supermarkets or convenience stores were investigated, and 70 salt samples of 23 brands, 3 types and origin from 11 provinces were collected. Among them, there were 56 samples with iodine content of 21 - 39 mg/kg on the package. The iodine content range of provincial detection was 19.23 - 37.41 mg/kg (two of them were lower than 21.0 mg/kg), and the median was 25.75 mg/kg. There were 12 samples of two iodine contents (18 - 33 and 21 - 39 mg/kg) marked on the package, and the salt iodine range of provincial detection was 23.52 - 32.90 mg/kg, with a median of 26.55 mg/kg. One sample was marked with 18 - 33 mg/kg, and the iodine content of provincial detection was 25.20 mg/kg; the iodine content of 1 sample of non-iodized salt was not detected. According to the actual test value, iodine contents of 68 samples were within the range of packaging marks, accounting for 97.14% of the total. Taking the provincial test results as a standard, the absolute value of the relative deviation of the provincial and county test results was 0 - 27.45%, the average deviation was 7.65%, and the coincidence rate was 91.43% (66/70). The county test results were acceptable.Conclusions:After the system reform of salt industry, there are many kinds of salt which come from many provinces, and more than 97% of the salt iodine content which is within the standard range of salt concentration in Guizhou Province.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL