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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913062

ABSTRACT

Currently, the national schistosomiasis control program of China is moving from transmission control and transmission interruption to elimination; however, there is still a threat of schistosomiasis outbreak in area where the transmission of schistosomiasis has not been interrupted, and in areas where transmission interruption and even elimination have been achieved because of the complex factors relating to schistosomiasis transmission, as well as socioeconomic factors and natural environments, which greatly affects the consolidation of schistosomiasis control outcomes and the achievement of the goal of schistosomiasis elimination in the country. Here, we summarized the outbreaks of schistosomiasis in China during the past six decades, evaluated the impact of schistosomiasis outbreak on the national schistosomiasis control program and proposed management of schistosomiasis outbreak and prevention of schistosomiasis resurgence as the key point and difficulty for schistosomiasis control in the current stage. Improving the surveillance-response mechanisms and minimizing the development of schistosomiasis outbreak and the resultant damages and losses are recommended to provide technical supports for elimination of schistosomiasis in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920791

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the current disinfection quality and understand existing problems in clinical institutions in Yangpu District, and provide scientific evidence for improving hospital infection control. Methods From 2018 to 2020, the specimens were collected from medical instruments, disinfectant in use, dialysis water in hemodialysis rooms, air, surface of objects, sterilization equipment, hands of medical staff, dental therapy water and sewage in clinical institutions in Yangpu District, and then examined for disinfection quality. Results A total of 1 420 samples were collected consecutively in 3 years, in which the total qualified rate was determined to be 88.52%. The qualified rates in secondary and tertiary hospitals, primary health centers, and private clinics were 94.86%, 90.22% and 75.74%, respectively, with a significant difference (χ2=95.01, P<0.01). The qualified rates in sterilization equipment, air, and dialysis water were all 100.00%; in contrast, the rates in medical instruments, surface of objects, hands of medical staff, disinfectants in use, dental therapy water, and sewage were 98.28%, 97.63%, 95.05%, 93.39%, 54.71% and 50.00%, respectively. Conclusion Overall disinfection quality remains good in clinical institutions in Yangpu District of Shanghai, whereas the quality in private clinics is low. In addition, dental therapy water and hospital sewage might be susceptible to contamination, which warrants further improvement in the disinfection and monitoring.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E148-E154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920683

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of stress distributions on bone-anchored maxillary protraction at different protraction sites, so as to guide patients to choose an optimal protraction site in clinic. Methods A three-dimensional (3D) finite element model of child head with implant anchorages was establised. Four protraction sites were set according to the position of implant installation. Working condition 1: the alveolar bone at the intersection of distal 2 mm of primary lateral incisor crown distal surface and gingival cervical margin to 5 mm. Working condition 2: the alveolar bone at the intersection of mesial 2 mm of maxillary first primary molar crown mesial surface and gingival cervical margin to 5 mm. Working condition 3: the alveolar bone at the intersection of mesial 2 mm of maxillary first molar crown mesial surface and gingival cervical margin to 5 mm. Working condition 4: the alveolar bone at the intersection of distal 2 mm of maxillary first molar crown distal surface and gingival cervical margin to 5 mm. The finite element models were loaded with 500 g protraction force at each side with 30° forward direction to the occlusal plane. Stress distributions on each suture were analysed. Results The maximum stress of frontomaxillary suture was in working condition 2 (1 477-28 190 Pa). The maximum stress of nasomaxillary suture was in working condition 1 (5.296-924 Pa). The maximum stress of zygomaticomaxillary suture was in working condition 4(394.7-13 130 Pa). The maximum stress of zygomaticofrontalis suture was in working condition 4 (495.2-31 690 Pa). The maximum stress of zygomaticotemporal suture was in working condition 3 (1 148-15 870 Pa). The maximum stress of medianpalatine suture was in working condition I (6.479-730 Pa). Conclusions When the protraction sites are set in distal maxillary primary lateral incisor and mesial maxillary first primary molar, it is of positive significance to improve the concave profile, especially in nose root. When the protraction sites are set in mesial or distal maxillary first molar, it is of positive significance to improve the concave profile, especially in maxillary basal bone of the midface.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 234-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920603

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of sleep problems and influencing factors among preschoolers, so as to provide a reference for healthy sleep behaviors among preschoolers.@*Methods@#From December 2017 to June 2018, a questionnaires study was administered to parents of 8 456 preschoolers from kindergartens in Yangzhou, Zhenjiang and Xuzhou by using random cluster sampling method. Demographic characteristics, screen time, sleep patterns and the Children s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) were colleted.@*Results@#The average night sleep duration was (9.91±0.64)h, the rate of sleep deprivation was 51.7%, which increased with age ( χ 2 trend =34.19, P <0.01). The total scores of CSHQ were (49.46±5.02), and the prevalence of sleep problems was 95.0%, with the prevalence of specific sleep problems ranged from 2.3% to 76.4%. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that only child, mothers age, parental education, and household economic status was significantly associated the sleep problems ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of sleep problems among preschool children is more prominent, varies by only child, parental education and household economic status. Parents and society should raise awareness of sleep problems.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920493

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Refine and understand the characteristics of different types of bystanders, in order to maximize the exploitation and utilization of bystanders as potential resources for anti bullying, so as to provide more targeted guidance for the formulation of intervention programs.@*Methods@#In this study, 1 279 students from two middle schools in Beijing and Anhui Province and two high schools in Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region were administered with Participation Role Questionnaire (PRQ) and Peer Nomination Questionnaire.@*Results@#There was a significant difference between male and female in the role of onlooker( χ 2=96.92, P <0.01). Female students were more likely to play the role of defender and outsider, while male students were more likely to play the role of reinforcer( χ 2=31.87, P =0.01). And there were significant differences in the distribution of bystander roles in different grades. The chi square test results were( χ 2=456.26, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The bystander plays an important role in the occurrence of bullying incidents. It is an important direction of school bullying intervention programs to promote the positive transformation from passive bystander to active bystander.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 423-427, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of combined detection of p16 and human papillomavirus (HPV) typing in the diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).Methods:A total of 8 346 patients aged between 25 years old and 65 years old at Baoji Central Hospital of Shaanxi Province from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected. There were 2 882 patients with cervical lesions diagnosed by colposcopy biopsy. Patients were divided into the different groups based on the age range, and then the condition of HPV infection in all age groups was analyzed. Taking biopsy as the gold standard and according to the pathological results, the detection rate of p16 and HPV typing and the diagnostic value of the single and combined detection in CIN were also analyzed.Results:The age group with the highest positive rate of p16 and HPV was 31-40 years old [47.42% (1 014/2 427) and 36.84% (894/2 427), respectively], followed by 41-50 years old group [30.15% (907/2 942) and 28.11% (827/2 942)], and there were statistically significant differences in positive rate of p16 and HPV in all age groups (all P < 0.05). Among 2 882 patient with cervical lesions diagnosed by pathological examination, there were 2 572 cases (89.24%) of p16 positive, and 2 169 cases (75.26%) of HPV positive. With the disease progression of cervical lesions, the positive rate of p16 and HPV was gradually increased, and the positive rate of p16 of inflammation, CINⅠ, CINⅡ, CIN Ⅲ, cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was 11.68% (23/197), 94. 85% (1 105/1 165), 93.57% (771/824), 96.76% (538/556), 96.43% (135/140), respectively; the positive rate of HPV was 17.77% (35/197), 77.60% (904/1 165), 80.22% (661/824), 80.40% (447/556), 87.14% (122/140), respectively, and HPV infection was mostly HPV16/18 infection type with the disease progression of cervical lesions. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value in detecting CIN of HPV was 75.26%, 81.13%, 67.78% and 86.14%, respectively; the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value in detecting CIN of p16 was 89.24%, 84.74%, 75.51% and 93.72%, respectively; the diagnostic efficacy of p16 was higher than that of HPV in detecting CIN, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of HPV combined with p16 in detecting CIN was 94.10%, 91.33%, 85.12%, 96.71%, which were higher compared with those of single detection (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:HPV infection mainly occurs in women aged 31-40 years old followed by 41-50 years old, and the infected population of CIN tends to be younger. p16 is superior to HPV in detecting the diagnostic efficacy of CIN; combined detection of p16 and HPV can increase the sensitivity and specificity, reduce the rate of misdiagnosis, and can play a key clinical value in early diagnosis and treatment of CIN.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912818

ABSTRACT

After recent years′ development, China′s Internet medical service and medical insurance policy system has begun to take shape, but it still needs to be further improved. By combing the connotation and mode of Internet medical services, the evolution of medical insurance payment system and the content of medical insurance payment policy in the United States, the authors put forward that China could further improve the medical insurance payment policy system of Internet medical care, strengthen the multi-point practice management of licensed doctors on the Internet, give full play to the role of commercial insurance in promoting Internet medical care, and rely on information technology means to improve the medical insurance supervision of Internet medical services, then promote the development and management of Internet medical insurance services in China.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the filing mechanism for cross provincial immediate reimbursement of medical insurance in China, so as to provide reference for optimizing the filing mechanism and improving the filing accessibility of insured personnel.Methods:Taking the filing policy of cross provincial immediate reimbursement of medical insurance in 2019 as the research object, on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the national filing policy background, 90 coordinating regions in Zhejiang Province, Hubei Province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region were taken as survey samples to evaluate the relevant policies and extract key parameters, including filing identification methods, filing-related settlement benefits and filing ways. The parameters were compared and analyzed by using descriptive statistical methods.Results:The results of the survey showed that in terms of identity recognition methods, the provision of various supporting materials(residence permit, work certificate, etc.)was still the main way to carry out identity recognition for medical insured persons in different places.Filing-related reimbursement benefits were mainly adjusted by limiting the area of medical insurance treatment and adjusting the benefits parameters(reimbursement ratio). In terms of filing channels, 51(56.7%)sample co-ordination areas had realized at least one remote filing mode.Conclusions:The inclusiveness of filing identity verification mechanism for the floating population needs to be further improved, the filing-related treatment policies need to be further improved, and the convenience and standardization of filing channels need to be strengthened.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of human-derived fibrin glue on prevention of postoperative complications of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in early esophageal squamous cancer and precancerous lesions.Methods:A total of 210 patients with early esophageal squamous cancer or precancerous lesions who underwent ESD at Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University from April 2017 to April 2020 were included in this retrospective study. Seventy-three cases (79 esophageal lesions) where human-derived fibrin glue was used before retrieving endoscope were included in the observation group, while 137 cases (156 esophageal lesions) where fibrin glue was not used were included in the control group. The postoperative complications and pain were compared between the two groups.Results:Clinical data including general information, longitudinal length, Paris type, pathological type, invasion depth, circumferential range, area of resection, duration of operation and local steroid used were similar between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidences of perforation, delayed bleeding and esophageal stenosis in the observation group were 2.7% (2/73), 1.4% (1/73), and 16.4% (12/73), respectively, and were 2.9% (4/137), 1.5% (2/137), and 13.1% (18/137), respectively in the control group. There were no significant differences between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative pain in the observation group was 53.4% (39/73), which was significantly lower than that in the control group of 70.8% (97/137) ( χ2=6.302, P=0.012). The incidences of mild, moderate and severe pain in observation group on the day of ESD were 9.6% (7/73), 6.8% (5/73) and 5.5% (4/73), respectively, and 27.0% (37/137, χ2=8.724, P=0.003), 17.5% (24/137, χ2=4.554, P=0.033) and 0.7% (1/137, χ2=2.805, P=0.094), respectively in the control group. The incidences of mild, moderate and severe pain in the observation group on the first day after the operation were 26.0% (19/73), 5.5% (4/73) and 6.8% (5/73), respectively, and 29.2% (40/137, χ2=0.237, P=0.626), 14.6% (20/137, χ2=3.912, P=0.048) and 4.4% (6/137, χ2=0.193, P=0.660), respectively in the control group. The corresponding incidences on the second day after the operation were 5.5% (4/73), 0 and 1.4% (1/73) in the observation group and 19.0% (26/137, χ2=7.087, P=0.008), 2.9% (4/137) and 0 in the control group, respectively. Conclusion:Human-derived fibrin glue shows no obvious preventive effect on post-ESD bleeding, perforation or stenosis in early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. However, it can significantly reduce the incidence of ESD-related postoperative pain, especially the incidences of mild and moderate pain.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 889-895, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between hemoglobin (Hb) and progression of renal function in patients with proliferative lupus nephritis (PLN).Methods:Data of biopsy-proven PLN patients from January 2010 to February 2019 in Department of Nephrology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into stable renal function group and renal function progression group according to changes of renal function including serum creatinine doubling/end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the demographic, clinical, and pathological characteristics were compared between the two groups. Cox regression and smooth curve fitting of generalized additive model analysis were used to explore the correlation between Hb and progression of renal function.Results:A total of 87 patients were included in this study. The age was (34.97±11.95) years old and 79 cases (90.80%) were females. During follow-up of 19.0(6.5, 43.5) months, renal function of 15 patients (17.24%) progressed. Compared with stable renal function group, Hb level of patients in renal function progression group were lower ( t=3.887, P<0.001), and serum creatinine ( Z=-2.466, P=0.003) and uric acid ( t=-2.154, P=0.034) were higher. As to the pathological characteristics, the proportion of class lupus nephritis-IV, renal tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis in renal function progression group were higher than those in stable renal function group, but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that high Hb was an independent protective factor of renal function progression in PLN patients ( HR=0.893, 95% CI 0.836-0.954, P=0.001). The risk of progression to serum creatinine doubling/ESRD would decrease by 10.7% when Hb increased by 1 unit (g/L). Smooth curve fitting of generalized additive model analysis showed that Hb was linearly correlated with the risk of renal function progression ( P=0.100). Receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that the risk of doubling serum creatinine/ESRD in PLN patients would be relatively low when Hb level was above 77 g/L (area under the curve 0.788, best threshold 77 g/L, sensitivity 0.600, specificity 0.903). Conclusions:Hb is closely related to progression of renal function in patients with PLN. More attention and management of Hb levels in patients with PLN can play an important role in improving renal prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of lymphatic fistula after radical gastric cancer operation.Methods:We retrospectively analyze the clinicopathological data of gastric cancer patients who underwent radical surgery from May, 2019 to May, 2020 at the Third Department of Surgery, Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, and analyze the risk factors impacting postoperative lymphatic leakage,for the establishment of the risk prediction scoring model.Results:A total of 487 patients with gastric cancer underwent radical gastrectomy, of which 32 patients (6.6%) had lymphatic leakage . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypoproteinemia before surgery (95% CI: 1.222-7.357, P=0.016), the lesion is located in the cardia-fundus of the stomach (95% CI: 1.117-6.788, P=0.028),stage T3-T4 (95% CI: 1.149-25.676, P=0.033), operation time ≥4 h (95% CI: 1.469-11.480, P=0.007), combined organ resection (95% CI: 1.106-12.886, P=0.034), D2+ lymph node dissection (95% CI: 1.969-11.510, P=0.001), anemia (95% CI: 1.271-9.392, P=0.015) were an independent risk factors. Equation based on multi-factor Logistic regression: logit( P)=-9.624+1.098×X 1+1.013×X 2+1.692×X 3+1.413×X 4+1.328×X 5+1.560×X 6+1.240×X 7 was estaslished, using Hosmer. Lemeshow test detects the goodness of fit of the regression equation ( P=0.348). The area under the ROC curve was 0.856 (95% CI: 0.787-0.926, P<0.001); the probability of lymphatic leakage when scores ≥4 points was 14.1%, when scores <4 points ,the probability of leakage was 2.5%. Conclusion:A risk prediction scoring model for lymphatic leakage after radical gastrectomy, can identify patients with high risk after surgery

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 532-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911486

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of complete nail plate avulsion in the treatment of retronychia.Methods:From June 2018 to November 2019, 5 patients with retronychia (5 toes) were collected from the Department of Dermatology, Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, and treated with complete nail plate avulsion. In some cases, redundant skin tissues at the distal end of the great toe were removed. After the surgery, artificial nails were placed on the surface of the nail bed followed by the suturing.Results:In the 5 patients, the neonatal nail plate gradually grew over the nail bed, and pain was completely relieved. Within the follow-up of 6-12 months, the nail plates of the 5 patients all returned to normal.Conclusion:Complete nail plate avulsion is effective for the treatment of retronychia, and worthy of clinical promotion.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of Daratumumab for the treatment of primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis.Methods:Twenty one patients who were diagnosed as primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis and treated with Daratumumab from 7 centers were retrospectively analyzed. Daratumumab was administrated as first line therapy in seven patients and 14 patients with relapsed settings. Hematological response, safety and survival were analyzed.Results:All 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR) or better with first-line application of daratumumab. Three patients died, and the other four achieved organ remission. Among 14 relapsed patients, 2 patients had a difference of free light chain (dFLC) less than 20 mg/L before treatment, and 9 with a dFLC of more than 50 mg/L. All patients reached partial response (PR) or better, including 4 patients with complete response (CR), 3 with VGPR and 2 with PR. The response rate was 100% in 3 patients with dFLC 20-50 mg/L at baseline. The organ remission rate was 50% in patients with heart involvement and 58.3% in patients with kidney impairment. The overall median follow-up period was 5.3 months, and 11 months in surviving patients. One patient died of severe infection and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with stable amyloidosis. One patient switched to other regimens because dFLC elevated but did not fulfill progressive disease after 2 year application. As to safety, no grade 3/4 infusion reaction developed, and grade 1 infusion reaction occurred in 3 cases during the first infusion. Lymphocytopenia was seen in 75% patients including grade 3 or more in 30% patients.Conclusion:Daratumumab is effective to eliminate serum free light chain in both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients with systemic amyloidosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between collateral flow compensation mode and interventional treatment decision in patients with severe bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis/occlusion.Methods:According to the location of internal carotid artery lesions, patients with severe stenosis/occlusion of bilateral internal carotid artery were selected at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Qiqihar Medical University and the Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from May 2017 to June 2020.Results:A total of 42 patients were finally enrolled and divided into 4 types, including 34 males and 8 females with median age 61±8(48-82)years. The collateral circulation pathways manifested as following modes: anterior communicating artery collateral, posterior communicating artery collateral, ophthalmic artery collateral, posterior cerebral middle cerebral artery pial anastomosis collateral, posterior choroidal artery anterior choroidal artery collateral, external carotid internal carotid artery C4 segment collateral, pericallosal artery anastomosis collateral, dural and pial collateral and neovascularization. Type Ⅰ severe stenosis/occlusion of C1 segment was found in 20 cases (47.6%). There were 5 cases (11.9%) of type Ⅱ severe stenosis/occlusion from C2 to C6 prior to ophthalmic artery branch. Type Ⅲ severe stenosis/occlusion occurred in 2 cases (4.8%) after the split of ophthalmic artery. Type Ⅳ was mixed type in 15 cases (35.7%).Conclusions:The compensatory pathway of collateral circulation is closely related to the lesion location. To explore the compensatory pattern of collateral circulation is helpful for clinicians to accurately analyze the lesion characteristics and guide individualized interventional therapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1227-1229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus on pulmonary uptake of sevoflurane.Methods:Twenty patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 40-64 yr, with body mass index of 18.5-22.9 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing elective surgery with general anesthesia, served as diabetes group (group D). Twenty non-diabetic patients matched by age, gender and surgery were selected as control group (group C). After anesthesia induction and tracheal intubation, sevoflurane was inhaled at a concentration of 2% (oxygen flow 2 L/min). The inhaled concentration (Fi) and exhaled concentration (Fa) at 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 min of inhalation of sevoflurane were recorded, and the Fa/Fi ratio was calculated.The time required for the Fa/Fi ratio to reach 0.7 was recorded. Results:Compared with group C, the Fa/Fi ratio was significantly increased at each time point, and the time required for the Fa/Fi ratio to reach 0.7 was shortened in group D ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Diabetes mellitus can reduce pulmonary uptake of sevoflurane in the patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 650-655, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis after salvage radiotherapy with or without hormone therapy for prostate cancer.Methods:From May 2014 to December 2020, 248 patients undergoing salvage radiotherapy due to prostate-specific antigen (PSA)persistence or biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (n=157) and West China Hospital, Sichuan University (n=91) were analyzed. Median age was 66 (45-78) years old. Median PSA was 23.50 (0.18-845.00) ng/ml. The number of PSA persistence and biochemical progression were 143 (59%) and 105 (42%). The number of pT 2, pT 3a, pT 3b, pT 4, and unknown T stage was 99, 49, 78, 15 and 7 cases.The number of N 0, N 1 and unknown N stage was 153, 44 and 51 cases. 165 cases had positive surgical margin. Gleason score of 6, 7, 8, >8 score and unknown was in 12, 104, 34, 90 and 8 patients. Early and late salvage radiotherapy was performed in 117 and 131 patients, and 70 patients (28%) were CRPC. Hormone therapy was used combined with radiotherapy in 182 patients (73%). PSA decline after radiotherapy was compared with Chi-squre test. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare progression free-survival (PFS)after radiotherapy. Univariate and multivariate analyses of PFS were performed using Cox proportional hazards model. Early salvage radiotherapy was defined as PSA≤0.5 ng/ml before radiotherapy, and late salvage radiotherapy was defined as PSA>0.5ng/ml. Results:PSA response (PSA decline ≥50%) rate was 94% (233/248), and 82% (203/248) patients had PSA decline ≥ 90%. Twelve (5%) patients had rising PSA after completing radiotherapy, but only 4 (2%) had real progression. The median PFS was 69 months (95% CI 68-70), and 3-year and 5-year PFS rate were 80% and 67%. PFS of PSA persistence and biochemical progression were similar ( HR =0.71, 95% CI 0.37-1.37, P=0.311). Compared with late salvage radiotherapy, early salvage radiotherapy had better PFS [69 (95% CI 68-70) vs. 59 (95% CI 44-74) months, P<0.001]. Compared with hormone sensitive, castration-resistant was associated with worse PFS (5-year PFS rate 74% vs. 51%, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, Gleason score>8, castration-resistant and late salvage radiotherapy were unfavorable prognostic factors. Conclusions:In patients receiving salvage radiotherapy with or without hormone therapy for PSA persistence and biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy, high PSA level before radiotherapy and castration resistant is associated with poor prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1073-1080, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910693

ABSTRACT

Objective:A new type of bio-ink and polycaprolactone (PCL) were used to construct an integrated osteochon-dral composite tissue block by multi-nozzle 3D bioprinter. And the repair results to osteochondral defects were evaluated.Methods:In freeze-drying group: Freeze-dried composite scaffold made by silk fibroin (SF) and β-tricalcium phosphate was used to repair osteochondral defects, as control. In the 3D printing group: PCL was used to printed a hollow multi-layer cylinder frame by 3D biological printer. Extracellular matrix, SF and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were used as chondral bio-ink. Then, chon-dral bio-ink was used to print tissue-engineered cartilage on top of PCL frame. Before implantation of cartilage defect, autogenous cancellous bone was filled in PCL frame, then the tissue-engineered osteochondral composite was used to repair osteochondral defects. In mosaic group: Autologous osteochondral transplantation was performed. The repair results of the above three groups were compared by histological score, biochemical analysis and biomechanical test to evaluate the effect of repairing rabbit cartilage defects.Results:The compression modulus of neo-cartilage in the 3D print group 2.56±0.30 MPa was close to that of the mosaic group 2.51±0.13 MPa ( P>0.05), and significantly higher than that of freeze-dried group 1.37±0.14 MPa ( F=11.058, P<0.05). The sGAG contents in the 3D print group 14.49±0.7 μg/mg was close to that of the mosaic group 14.98±0.81 μg/mg ( P>0.05), and significantly higher than that of freeze-dried group 8.72±0.73 μg/mg ( F=20.973, P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in collagen content between the three groups ( P>0.05). The results of ICRS cartilage repair histology score showed that the scores of the 3D print group were close to those of the mosaic group in the matrix, cell distribution, cell viability and subchondral bone ( P>0.05), and were significantly higher than those of freeze-dried group in the surface and cartilage mineralization scores ( F=19.544, P<0.05). Conclusion:Using the new bio-ink to make bone cartilage composite scaffold by 3D bio printing can simplify the construction of tissue-engineered bone cartilage composite tissue in vitro, and can repair cartilage defects in vivo.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910486

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of deep deconvolutional neural network (DDNN) model for automatic segmentation of target volume and organs at risk (OARs) in patients with nasopharngeal carcinoma (NPC).Methods:Based on the CT images of 800 NPC patients, an end-to-end automatic segmentation model was established based on DDNN algorithm. Ten newly diagnosed with NPC were allocated into the test set. Using this DDNN model, 10 junior physicians contoured the region of interest (ROI) on 10 patients by using both manual contour (MC) and DDNN deep learning-assisted contour (DLAC) methods independently. The accuracy of ROI contouring was evaluated by using the DICE coefficient and mean distance to agreement (MDTA). The coefficient of variation (CV) and standard distance deviation (SDD) were rendered to measure the inter-observer variability or consistency. The time consumed for each of the two contouring methods was also compared.Results:DICE values of gross target volume (GTV) and clinical target volume (CTV), MDTA of GTV and CTV by using DLAC were 0.67±0.15 and 0.841±0.032, (0.315±0.23) mm and (0.032±0.098) mm, respectively, which were significantly better than those in the MC group (all P<0.001). Except for the spinal cord, lens and mandible, DLAC improved the DICE values of the other OARs, in which mandible had the highest DICE value and optic chiasm had the lowest DICE value. Compared with the MC group, GTV, CTV, CV and SDD of OAR were significantly reduced (all P<0.001), and the total contouring time was significantly shortened by 63.7% in the DLAC group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Compared with MC, DLAC is a promising method to obtain superior accuracy, consistency, and efficiency for the GTV, CTV and OAR in NPC patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effect and potential mechanism of desmethylbellidifolin (DMB) in chronic alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups. Control, meta?doxine and DMB group (high dose and low dose) mice were fed with Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet containing 5%alcohol for six weeks. Pair-fed group mice were fed with a liquid diet containing the same calories. After treatment, serum GOT, GPT, TG and hepatic T-CHO, TG, GSH, GSH-Px, SOD and CAT levels were measured. Ectopic liver lipid deposition was determined by oil red O and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Lipid metabolism and autophagy related genes expression were determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting. Electron microscope and laser scanning confocal microscope were used to detect autophagosome and autophagy flux. RESULTS DMB treatment markedly reduced serum TG, GOT and GPT levels in alcohol-induced mice, as well as hepatic levels of T-CHO, TG and MDA, while increased the GSH, GSH-Px, SOD and CAT levels in the liver. Oil red O and HE staining showed that the alcohol-induced lipid accumulation and hepatocyte morphology changes were significantly improved by DMB treatment. Mecha?nistically, the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 and fatty acid synthase were significantly decreased, while lipoly?sis related hormone-sensitive lipase was elevated in mouse liver by DMB treatment. In addition, DMB could inhibit the phosphorylation of Akt and mTORC1, and activate autophagy process by inducing autophagy related genes expression, such as LC3, ATG5 and ATG7. Moreover, treatment with DMB notably increased the number of autolysosome and promote the autophagy flux, which may therefore induce the lipolysis and oxidation of lipids and prevent the alcohol-induced excessive lipid accumulation in the liver. CONCLUSION DMB exerts a protective role in alcoholic fatty liver dis?ease by regulating the Akt-mTORC1 pathway mediated autophagy activation.

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