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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878945

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of Zhenwu Decoction substance benchmarks,the characteristic map,index component content and paste-forming rate were determined to define the peak attribution,similarity range,paste-forming rate range,paeoniflorin and6-gingerol content range and transfer rate range. The similarity between the substance benchmark characteristic map and the control map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was higher than 0. 970. There were 19 characteristic peaks in total. By further summarization of the characteristic peaks,it could be seen that tuckahoe had 3 characteristic peaks,white peony root had 10 characteristic peaks,atractylodes had 3 characteristic peaks,ginger had 1 characteristic peak,and Aconite root had 3 characteristic peaks; among them,white peony root and aconite root had 1 common peak. The contents and transfer rates of the 15 batches were0. 50%-0. 93 and 16. 11%-26. 20%; those for 6-gingerol were 0. 018 2%-0. 033 9% and 13. 16%-24. 10%,respectively. The pasteforming rate ranged from 10. 00% to 14. 85%. In this study,the transfer process of substance benchmark value of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction was analyzed based on the characteristic map,the paste-forming rate and the content of the index components; a scientific and stable substance benchmark quality evaluation method was preliminarily established to provide a basis for subsequent development of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction and quality control of relevant preparations.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878944

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Quality Control
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 577-584, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873788

ABSTRACT

Sacubitril valsartan sodium (LCZ696) is an ionic cocrystal drug. The purpose of this study was to explore the cocrystal features of LC696 by establishing a variety of characterization methods, and thus provide basic research data for effective quality control. The cocrystal characteristics of LCZ696 and its tablets were identified by applying analytical means including powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectra (RM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (ssNMR). The crystalline water and hygroscopicity of LCZ696 were analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), dynamic vapor sorption (DVS), hygroscopicity test and Karl Fischer reaction method. The results show that PXRD, FTIR, DSC and ssNMR can effectively distinguish the features of LCZ696 cocrystal, sacubitril monomer, valsartan monomer, and sacubitril-valsartan (1∶1) mixture. RM can be used as a supplementary approach. Combined with the analysis by TGA, DVS, hygroscopicity test and Karl Fischer reaction method results, LCZ696 contains 2.5 crystalline water molecules and is very hygroscopic; we recommend that LCZ696 be stored in an environment with a relative humidity below 60%. By characterizing the crystal features we can establish quality control measure and evaluate the stability of the drug tablets. This study provides data in support for the establishment of the LCZ696 quality standard.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 570-576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873779

ABSTRACT

Four salts of ticagrelor, ticagrelor-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, ticagrelor-pyrazinamide, ticagrelor-D-proline and ticagrelor-L-proline were prepared by solvent suspension and liquid-assisted grinding to improve the solubility of ticagrelor. The compounds were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and the intermolecular salt-bonding forces were analyzed. The equilibrium solubility of salts and pure drug in hydrochloride buffer pH 1.2 and phosphate buffer pH 6.8 were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Ticagrelor was salted with 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, pyrazinamide, D-proline, L-proline all in a stoichiometric ratio of 1∶1; with the exception of ticagrelor-D-proline, the solubility of the other three salts provided significantly improved solubility in hydrochloride buffer pH 1.2, and the equilibrium solubility of ticagrelor-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid was increased by approximately 1.7 folds as compared to pure drug. Salt-forming technology is convenient and can improve the solubility of ticagrelor.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:From July 2014 to October 2017, patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to Jiangsu Shengze Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. Their demographic and baseline clinical and laboratory data were collected. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the clinical outcome at 3 months after the onset of symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation between SCH and clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Results:A total of 200 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 107 males (53.5%) and 93 females (46.5%). Their age was 69.67±11.38 years. There were 45 patients (22.5%) with SCH, 160 (80.0%) with good outcomes, and 40 (20.0%) had poor outcomes. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, stroke etiology classification and the proportion of patients with SCH between the poor outcome group and the good outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high NIHSS score (odds ratio 2.884, 95% confidence interval 2.005-4.147; P=0.001) and SCH (odds ratio 19.527, 95% confidence interval 2.334-163.386; P=0.006) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes. Conclusion:High NIHSS score and SCH were associated with the poor outcomes at 3 months after the onset of acute ischemic stroke.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878852

ABSTRACT

Melanin is an important factor affecting human skin color. This study defines its synthetic pathways and regulatory pathways have the practical significance for the treatment of diseases caused by pigmentation problems, such as chloasma. Besides, it also provides a theoretical basis for screening out melanin inhibitors and developing whitening and freckle products. At present, the melanin inhibitors used in whitening and freckle products mainly come from natural products and traditional Chinese medicine. This article first introduces the melanin biosynthesis pathway with tyrosinase as the core, defines the synthesis, transport and catalytic activity of tyrosinase as the three key factors affecting melanin synthesis, and then reviews two common types of melanin inhibitors, namely tyrosinase synthesis inhibitors and tyrosinase inhibitors derived from natural products and traditional Chinese medicine. This article provides guidance for the development of new melanin inhibitors, and puts forward the idea for combining and synergizing inhibitors according to different mechanisms, in order to develop new whitening formulas.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Enzyme Inhibitors , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Melanins , Monophenol Monooxygenase
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2755-2766, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878527

ABSTRACT

Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) is a multi-step process in a bioreactor, which completes hydrolase production, enzymatic hydrolysis, and microbial fermentation. It is considered to be the most promising process for the production of second-generation biofuels because of its simple steps and low cost. Due to the complexity of lignocellulose degradation and the butanol synthesis pathway, few wild microorganisms can directly utilize lignocellulose to synthesize butanol. With the development of synthetic biology, single-bacterium directly synthesizes butanol using lignocellulose by introducing a butanol synthesis pathway in the cellulolytic Clostridium. However, there are still some problems such as heavy metabolic load of single bacterium and low butanol yield. Co-culture can relieve the metabolic burden of single bacterium through the division of labor in different strains and can further improve the efficiency of butanol synthesis. This review analyzes the recent research progress in the synthesis of biobutanol using lignocellulose by consolidated bioprocessing from both the single-bacterium strategy and co-culture strategy, to provide a reference for the research of butanol and other biofuels.


Subject(s)
1-Butanol , Biofuels , Butanols , Fermentation , Lignin/metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812026

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the mediating effects of sleep quality in the association between beverages consumption and depressive symptoms in Chinese university students, and to provide a theoretical reference for preventing and reducing depression symptoms.@*Methods@#This school-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 4 624 university students from 2 universities in Anhui and Jiangxi provinces of China. The patient health questionnaire-9 items (PHQ-9) was used to assess depressive symptoms. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) was used to assess sleep quality, and a self-reported dietary frequency questionnaire was used to measure beverages consumption. The quantile regression model was used to association analysis, and the latent variable mediation model was used to analyze the mediation effect.@*Results@#The positive rates of mild, moderate, moderate to severe and severe depression in 4 624 university students were 31.4%, 7.5%, 4.1% and 2.0%, respectively. There was a significant association between the beverages consumption score, the PSQI score, and the PHQ-9 score( P <0.01). The higher the quantile of the beverage consumption and PSQI score, the greater the regression coefficient ( β ), and a significant dose-response relationship was observed( P <0.01). In the latent variable mediation model of beverages consumption associated with depressive symptoms in Chinese university students, the mediating effect value of sleep quality was 0.12, and the ratio of mediating effect to total effect was 71.3%.@*Conclusion@#Our study demonstrates that poor sleep quality partially mediates the association between beverages consumption and depressive symptoms in Chinese university students.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of case-based learning (CBL) combined with evidence-based learning (EBL) teaching in clinical teaching of oncology.Methods:Totally 57 resident doctors were divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group received CBL and EBL teaching, and the control one received lecture-based learning (LBL) teaching. The teaching effect was evaluated by examination and questionnaire, and the data were analyzed by SPSS 20.0.Results:The examination scores of the experimental group and the control group were (85.393±7.213) and (81.276±8.035), and the ones of case analysis were (34.393±2.485) and (32.379±3.005) respectively. Meanwhile, questionnaire survey showed that the evaluations of experimental group were significantly better than those of the control one in promoting learning interest and initiative, retrieval ability, self-learning ability, clinical thinking and learning efficiency ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The teaching effect of integration of CBL and EBL is better than LBL.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 348-355, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821854

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveQuorum-sensing (QS) and small regulatory RNA (sRNA) play key regulatory roles in many signaling cascades of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. To investigate whether sRNA is involved in P. aeruginosa QS system, screening QS system-related sRNA, and to construct sRNA overexpression and deletion strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa for further study of sRNA function.MethodsSRNA associated with the QS system was screened by qPCR and RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). The target gene were amplified by PCR and inserted into the overexpression vector pROp200 or the homologous recombination vector pGSM-MR, respectively. The connection reaction solution of pROp200-sRNA and pGSM-ΔsRNA was transformed into Escherichia coli DH5a and SM10lp, respectively. The recombinant vectors were identified by PCR. The pROp200-sRNA was transformed into PAO1 by heat shock method, and the pGSM-ΔsRNA was transferred from SM10lp to PAO1 by conjugation. SRNA overexpression and deletion strains were identified by PCR, DNA sequencing and qPCR, the determination of the growth curves and the pyocyanin levels of strains.ResultsFive QS -associated sRNA P26, P5316.1, P30, P34 and AmiL were successfully screened by RNA-seq and qPCR. PCR, DNA sequencing and qPCR showed that sRNA of AmiL, P30 and P34 overexpression and knockout were successful. Compared with wild-type strain, sRNA overexpression and knockout had no significant effect on bacterial growth curve. It were notably that overexpression of AmiL and P30 inhibited and increase the production of pyocyanin, respectively (P0.05).ConclusionThe sRNA overexpression and deletion strains have been successfully constructed and can be used to study the regulatory relationship between sRNA and QS systems, and to further functional study.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1015-1021, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821680

ABSTRACT

Bexarotene is a synthetic analogue of retinoic acid and exerts protective effects on the nervous system. However, low bioavailability and poor solubility of the crystal type I form severely limits the application of bexarotene in the clinic. A co-amorphous sample of bexarotene-PVP-K30 was prepared and the structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. To determine the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of bexarotene, an LC-MS method was established to profile and quantify bexarotene in plasma and tissues of SD rats. In vitro dissolution indicated that the co-amorphous form improved the dissolution of bexarotene in pure water 4.17-fold. After rats were orally administered bexarotene or bexarotene-PVP-K30 co-amorphous (equivalent to 30 mg·kg-1 bexarotene) the AUC of bexarotene was 7 034.89 and 10 174.03 μg·L-1·h respectively, the peak time was advanced from 7.33 h to 0.9 h with the amorphous form, and Cmax was enhanced from 627.76 to 3 011.88 μg·L-1. The co-amorphous form yielded higher concentrations of bexarotene in various tissues, especially brain, liver and kidney. Animal welfare and experimental procedures complied with the rules of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The results indicate that bexarotene-PVP-K30 co-amorphous improves the pharmacokinetic characteristics of bexarotene and provides preclinical data in support of bexarotene-PVP-K30 for the treatment of brain diseases.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805587

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To characterize the features of human brucellosis from national reports of occupational diseases and infectious diseases in China during 2006-2016, and explore the correlations between human brucellosis with the livestock and their products.@*Methods@#From January to October 2018, the data of human brucellosis were extracted from China's annual national reports of occupational diseases and infectious diseases from government circulars during 2006-2016. The data on the number of livestock and the output of livestock products were obtained from China Statistical Yearbook, China Animal Industry Yearbook and China Animal Industry and Veterinary Yearbook. The standards of Diagnosis of occupational infectious disease (GBZ 227-2017) and Diagnostic criteria for brucellosis (WS 269-2007) were compared. The statistics were analyzed using Excel 13.0 and SPSS software 22.0. The linear regression and multiple regression were used to explore the relationships between human brucellosis with the number of livestock and the output of livestock products.@*Results@#The diagnosis of human brucellosis in national reports of occupational diseases was based on GBZ 227-2017, which referred to WS 269-2007. There is an increasing trend from 2006 to 2009, and then declined to 2011, but rebounded from 2012 onwards in human brucellosis in national reports of occupational diseases. The general trend showed an increase during the 2006-2014 period, and then a decrease onwards in human brucellosis in national reports of infectious diseases. The Spearman correlation from SPSS showed the rs value of 0.936 (P<0.001) between human brucellosis cases in national reports of occupational diseases and infectious diseases in China from 2006 to 2016. Human brucellosis had a seasonal and periodic trend, and the cases revealed an epidemic period from April to August, with a peak in June. Human brucellosis cases were positively correlated with the number of cattle and buffaloes, hogs, sheep and goats (P<0.05) , and the output of pork, beef and mutton (P<0.05) . And human brucellosis cases in national reports of infectious diseases were positively associated with the output of sheep wool (β=0.814) , goat wool (β=0.603) , and cashmere (β=0.562) .@*Conclusion@#Human brucellosis both in national reports of occupational diseases and infectious diseases remain severe in China. There are relationships between human brucellosis with the number of livestock and the output of livestock products.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804634

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to summarize the experience of the orthognathic surgical treatment forsecondary maxillary deformities following the cleft lip and palate repair.@*Methods@#Twenty-two patients with secondary maxillary deformities following the cleft lip and palate repairment(orthognathic approach), were retrospectively analyzed.All the cases were treated in the Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University from January 2007 to December 2016. There were 9 males and 13 females, ranging from 18 to 24 years in age. Only 3 of those cases were not undergone preoperative and postoperative orthodontic treatments. The anteroposterior maxilla and mandible discrepancy was 6-11 mm preoperatively. The modified surgical procedures are as follows: One-stage alveolar bone graftand maxillary osteotomy were performed for unilateral cleft patients; Internal fixation with micro-plate at the alveolar cleft region was performed to stabilize the maxillary dental arch intraoperatively; Intermolar wire ligation and palatal arch were used to control the width of maxilla intraoperatively and 1 month after operation; 2-3 mm overcorrection for the Le Fort Ⅰ advancement was produced to reduce relapse in sagittal direction. Mandibular set back was performed using bilateral sagittal split osteotomy at the same time. Rigid internal fixation with titanium palates and screws was applied for all the cases. All patients had been followed up for 1 to 2 years postoperatively.@*Results@#Most of the patients had satisfactory facial proportion, and good and stable occlusion relationship, with only one patient developed severely uncontrollable relapse to class Ⅲ malocclusion, and 3 patients experienced relapse resulted in edge to edge incisor relationship.@*Conclusions@#Le Fort Ⅰ osteotomy combined with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy was effective to correct the secondary maxillary deformities following the cleft lip and palate repair. The treatment plan should be individualized, depending on the patients′ occlusion relationship, skeletal deformity, and facial appearance as well. It is necessary to modify the surgical techniques of Le Fort Ⅰ osteotomy for the cleft patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802224

ABSTRACT

This paper compared and analyzed the relevant records of Chinese medicine pharmacy in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,and summarized the changes of the dosage forms,preparation techniques and administration methods of Chinese medicine with the development of history.In this study,three classic medical works in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,including Treatise on Febrile Diseases Caused by Cold,Valuable Prescriptions for Emergency and Formularies of the Bureau of People's Welfare Pharmacies,were taken as the research objects,and the development of the dosage forms,auxiliary materials,preparation technology and medication theory were summarized and explored by the ways of content analysis,comparative analysis and case analysis.The comparison showed that in the development process,the dosage forms gradually increased,but the liquid dosage forms gradually decreased,the solid dosage forms gradually increased.Not only the dosage forms varied in the number,types of excipients used more and more,but the level of preparation had been constantly improved while the methods of taking became more detailed.This evolution of dosage forms and pharmaceutical technologies in Chinese history is worth learning and thinking about it.Through exploring the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) technologies and theories in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,we can contribute to the inheritance of traditional preparations and it can provide the basis for the development of modern preparations with TCM characteristics.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801714

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of four kinds of decocting containers on the content of sinapine and the HPLC specific chromatograms of Sinapis Semen decoction,so as to optimize decocting container for the development of classical formulas. Method: Selecting four kinds of decoction vessels,named traditional casserole,ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot as the research object,the content of sinapine in Sinapis Semen decoction and its HPLC specific chromatograms were used as indexes to investigate the influence of different decoction vessels on the decoction.Similarity evaluation of specific chromatograms was performed by the "Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine"(edition of 2004A). Result: The contents of sinapine in the decoction prepared by traditional casserole,ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.04%,0.07%,0.84% and 0.97%,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by traditional casserole,the similarities of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.98,0.82 and 0.68,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by ceramic pot,the similarities of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.79 and 0.62,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by round-bottom flask,the similarity of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by stainless-steel pot was 0.97. Conclusion: The content of sinapine and HPLC specific chromatograms of Sinapis Semen decoction obtained from different decocting containers are quite different.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754763

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of a new reduction technique by comparing 2 reduction strategies in the treatment of distal femoral fractures with less invasive stabilization system (LISS).Methods A retrospective study was performed on the clinical data of 31 patients with distal femoral fracture who had been treated with LISS at Department of Orthopedics,Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January 2014 to December 2016.They were 11 males and 21 females.In 21 of them reduction of the fracture ends was conducted before fixation of the distal femur (strategy one),involving 9 males and 12 females with an age of 73.2 ± 16.2 years;in the other 10 of them reduction of the fracture ends was conducted after fixation of the distal femur (strategy two),involving 2 males and 8 females with an age of 70.8 ± 20.4 years.The 2 groups were compared in terms of perioperative blood loss,operation time,postoperative complications and the modified Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score of the affected knee joint.The enumeration data were compared with Fisher exact test and the measurement data with t-test.Results The 2 groups were compatible due to the insignificant differences in their preoperative general data (P > 0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of perioperative blood loss (593.3 ± 99.1 mL versus 494.7 ± 94.4 mL),operation time (121.7 ± 8.1 min versus 106.4 ± 8.5 min),rate of postoperative complications (0 versus 10%) and modified HSS score of the affected knee joint (83.8 ± 1.4 versus 84.2 ± 3.1) (P > 0.05).Conclusions The 2 reduction strategies can lead to similar surgical effects in the treatment of distal femoral fractures with LISS.Strategy two can be a feasible alternative for surgeons with its theoretical advantage of simplicity.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754727

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the factors contributing to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis and the possible correlations between them.Methods Radiographic images were collected for analysis of 840 patients who had sought medical attention from January to July 2017 for 1,422 sides of knees varus at Department of Orthopedic Surgery,The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University.They were aged from 17 to 87 years(average,61.0 years),involving 323 knees in males and 1,099 knees in females.The alignments and parameters of lower extremity were measured,including hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA),mechanical medial distal femoral angle (mMDFA),medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and joint line convergence angle (JLCA).The measurements were compared between HKA values and genders for correlation analysis.Results HKA,mMDFA,MPTA and JLCA were respectively 172.85° ± 4.27°,90.99° ± 2.59°,84.78° ± 2.82° and 2.83° ±2.33 ° for males,and 172.13 ° ± 4.63°,91.11 ° ± 2.74°,84.58 ° ± 3.30° and 3.48 ° ± 2.58 ° for females.The females had significantly smaller HKA and significantly larger JLCA than males (P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference in mMDFA or MPTA between genders(P > 0.05).Pearson correlation test showed that there were significant correlations between HKA and mMDFA,MPTA and JLCA (rmale1 =0.526,rmale2 =0.545,rmale3 =-0.562;rfemale1=0.547,rmale2=0.610,rmale3=-0.485;P <0.01).mMDFA (βmale=0.491,βfemale=0.464,P <0.01) and MPTA (βmale=0.487,βfemale=0.560,P <0.01) had significantly positive influences on HKA;the influence of JLCA was negative (βmale =-0.463,βfemale =-0.450,P <0.01).Conclusions Femoral mechanical axis varus,increased JLCA and collapse of medial tibial plateau all significantly contribute to the varus gonarthrosis.The effects of mMDFA,MPTA and JLCA on HKA may be almost the same.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813076

ABSTRACT

To observe the changes in serum interleukin-22 (IL-22) level and its correlation with other clinical indexes in patients with essential hypertension and hypertensive renal damage, and to investigate its effects and clinical significance.
 Methods: A total of 97 essential hypertension (EH) patients and 40 healthy control were enrolled in this study. The EH patients were divided into a simple hypertension (SH) group (n=45) and a hypertensive renal damage (HRD) group (n=52) according to 24 h urinary protein (24 h-UPRO) level. Basic clinical data were collected; serum IL-22 level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the proportion of Th22 cells in peripheral blood was evaluated by flow cytometry (FCM); and serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentration was measured by immune turbidimetry. Correlation analysis was applied between serum IL-22 level and other indexes.
 Results: Serum IL-22 level and Th22 cell proportion in patients with hypertension were significantly higher than those in the healthy controls (all P<0.01). Compared with the SH group, serum IL-22 level and Th22 cell proportion were significantly elevated in the HRD group (P<0.01, P<0.05, respectively). Bivariate linear correlation analysis revealed that serum IL-22 level was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and hsCRP (r=0.367, P<0.01; r=0.402, P<0.01; r=0.329, P<0.05); there was also a positive correlation between serum IL-22 concentration and Th22 cell proportion (r=0.478, P<0.01) in the SH group. Serum IL-22 level was positively correlated with 24 h-UPRO level (r=0.318, P<0.05) in the HRD group.
 Conclusion: Serum IL-22 level and peripheral blood Th22 cells are significantly increased in the HRD group compared with the SH group. Serum IL-22 level is closely correlated with extent of hypertensive renal damage, indicating that serum IL-22 level may involve in the pathogenesis of hypertensive renal damage.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , C-Reactive Protein , Humans , Hypertension , Interleukins
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797421

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of magnetic-induced cell targeted transplantation (MagIC-TT) on repair of bone defects in mice using therapeutic fluorescent gene labeled cells into bone tissue and its mechanism.@*Methods@#The proliferation, apoptosis and targeted migration ability were compared between magnetized and unmagnetized murine bone marrow stromal cells labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP-BMSCs) (n=3). GFP-BMSCs were loaded into tissue engineering bone (TEB) by MagIC-TT in the experimental group (n=5) before the TEB was transplanted into the large femur defects in the model of red fluorescent protein (RFP) transgenic mice. In the control group (n=5) TEB was not loaded with GFP-BMSCs while in the blank group (n=3) the large femur defects were only fixated with intramedullary nails. The effects and mechanism of bone repair were explored 3 months after surgery using X-ray, micro-CT, semi-solid decalcification (SSD) and histology, respectively@*Results@#There were no significant differences between magnetized and non-magnetized GFP-BMSCs in proliferation (0.760±0.029 versus 0.733±0.033) or in survival rate (87.9%±1.0% versus 87.4%±2.0%) (P>0.05), but the mobility of magnetized GFP-BMSCs was significantly higher than that of non-magnetized GFP-BMSCs (P<0.05). The X-ray 3 months after surgery showed that the scaffolds in the experimental group were degraded and that the proximal and distal ends of the femoral defects were connected by new bone tissue. No new bone formation was found in the blank group while a small amount of bone formation was observed in the control group. The Micro-CT showed that stable new bone tissue formed in the femur defects after removal of intramedullary nails in the experimental group. The SSD showed that GFP-MSCs were densely distributed in the scaffolds with red fluorescent protein (RFP) recipient cells penetrating them, indicating involvement of both donor and recipient cells in the formation of new bone.@*Conclusions@#MagIC-TT can be used to promote introduction of therapeutic cells into bone tissue to achieve a fine effect on repairing bone defects. Dual fluorescence gene marking combined with SSD shows that both donor and recipient cells may take part in the bone repairing.

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