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1.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 131-136, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006378

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the photodynamic treatment method and therapeutic effect of oral verrucous carcinoma and to provide a reference for the clinic.@*Methods@#This study follows the requirements of medical ethics. This paper summarized the photodynamic treatment of an oral verrucous carcinoma with a diameter of approximately 2.5 cm in the right buccal mucosa and retrospectively analyzed the characteristics and treatment of oral verrucous carcinoma and the photodynamic treatment of potential malignant lesions of the oral mucosa through a review of the literature.@*Results@#After four rounds of photodynamic therapy, the size of the right buccal lesion was significantly reduced. After 6 months of follow-up, the white verrucous hyperplasia of the right buccal mucosa had completely subsided, and there was no obvious scar formation. Three years after treatment, there was no recurrence of the lesion in the right buccal mucosa and no obvious scar formation in the treated area. The degree of mouth opening was 3 fingers, and there was no lymph node enlargement in the bilateral submandibular, submental or neck. The literature review shows that oral verrucous carcinoma is a rare subtype of squamous cell carcinoma with the characteristics and biological behaviors of slow growth, low malignancy, and rare metastasis. Surgery is the preferred treatment, but there are some limitations. Photodynamic therapy is a minimally invasive, repeatable treatment with mild adverse reactions. In recent years, photodynamic therapy has been gradually applied for the treatment of potential malignant disorders of the oral mucosa and early oral squamous cell carcinoma and has achieved positive results, but it has not been reported for the treatment of oral verrucous cancer@*Conclusion@#Photodynamic therapy is a new option for nonsurgical resection of oral verrucous carcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 222-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005126

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the effects of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) combined with intraoperative recycled autotransfusion on blood transfusion volume and coagulation function in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery. 【Methods】 A total of 94 elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery in the hospital were enrolled and randomly divided into observation group (n=47) and control group (n=47) between March 2020 and March 2022. The observation group was given ANH combined with intraoperative recycled autotransfusion, while control group was given routine allogeneic transfusion. The blood transfusion volume, oxygenation status, immune function, inflammatory indexes and adverse reactions in the two groups were compared. 【Results】 The banked blood transfusion volume was less in observation group than control group [(1.73±0.43) U vs (5.71±1.71) U, P<0.05]. At 6 h after surgery, blood oxygen saturation (SvO2) level was higher [(74.59±7.20) % vs (67.22±6.19) %], while oxygen uptake rate (ERO2) level was lower[(0.29±0.06) % vs (0.34±0.05) %] in observation group than control group (P<0.05). At day 1 after surgery, levels of CD3+, CD4+, CD4+ /CD8+ and natural killer cells (NK) were higher [(65.11±5.14) %, (46.93±5.17) %, (1.86±0.30), (8.35±1.23) % vs (57.45±7.24) %, (43.58±4.85) %, (1.47±0.36)%, (7.34±1.38) %], while CD8+ was lower [(25.17±4.01) % vs (30.39±5.06) %] in observation group than control group (P<0.05). At day 1 after surgery, levels of serum interleukin 6/8 (IL-6/8) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were lower in observation group than control group [(104.51±12.55) ng/L vs (125.81±14.96) ng/L, (351.42±52.86) ng/L vs (394.27±55.78) ng/L, (254.93±49.94) ng/L vs (323.60±52.63) ng/L, P<0.05]. The incidence of adverse reactions was lower in observation group than control group (4.26% vs 17.02%), P<0.05. 【Conclusion】 Recycled autotransfusion can reduce allogeneic transfusion volume in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery. There is no difference in the effects on blood routine or coagulation function between recycled autotransfusion and allogeneic transfusion. Compared with allogeneic transfusion, recycled autotransfusion can significantly improve oxygenation status, relieve immunosuppression and inflammation response, and reduce the risk of adverse reactions.

3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 186-192, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To survey the development status and actual needs of virtual autopsy technology in China and to clarify the applicability of forensic virtual autopsy laboratory accreditation.@*METHODS@#The questionnaire was set up included three aspects:(1) the current status of virtual autopsy technology development; (2) the accreditation elements such as personnel, equipment, entrustment and acceptance, methods, environmental facilities; (3) the needs and suggestions of practicing institutions. A total of 130 forensic pathology institutions were surveyed by online participation through the Questionnaire Star platform.@*RESULTS@#Among the 130 institutions, 43.08% were familiar with the characteristics of virtual autopsy technology, 35.38% conducted or received training in virtual autopsy, and 70.77% have establishment needs (including maintenance). Relevant elements were suitable for laboratory accreditation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Virtual autopsy identification has gained social recognition. There is a demand for accreditation of forensic virtual autopsy laboratory. After the preliminary assessment, considering the characteristics and current situation of this technology, China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment (CNAS) can first carry out the accreditation pilot of virtual autopsy project at large comprehensive forensic institutions with higher identification capability, and then CNAS can popularize the accreditation in a wide range when the conditions are suitable.


Subject(s)
Autopsy , Forensic Medicine , Forensic Pathology , Accreditation , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 13-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and cytogenetic features of cryptic COL1A1-PDGFB fusion dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (CC-DFSP). Methods: Three cases of CC-DFSP diagnosed in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2021 to September 2021 were studied. Immunohistochemistry for CD34 and other markers, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for PDGFB, COL1A1-PDGFB and COL1A1, next-generation sequencing (NGS), reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were performed. Results: There were three cases of CC-DFSP, including two females and one male. The patients were 29, 44 and 32 years old, respectively. The sites were abdominal wall, caruncle and scapula. Microscopically, they were poorly circumscribed. The spindle cells of the tumors infiltrated into the whole dermis or subcutaneous tissues, typically arranging in a storiform pattern. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells exhibited diffuse CD34 expression, but were negative for S-100, SMA, and Myogenin. Loss of H3K27me3 was not observed in the tumor cells. The Ki-67 index was 10%-15%. The 3 cases were all negative for PDGFB rearrangement and COL1A1-PDGFB fusion, whereas showing unbalanced rearrangement for COL1A1. Case 1 showed a COL1A1 (exon 31)-PDGFB (exon 2) fusion using NGS, which was further validated through RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. All patients underwent extended surgical resection. Except for case 3 with recurrence 2 years after surgical resection, the other 2 cases showed no recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up. Conclusions: FISH has shown its validity for detecting PDGFB rearrangement and COL1A1-PDGFB fusion and widely applied in clinical detection. However, for cases with negative routine FISH screening that were highly suspicious for DFSPs, supplementary NGS or at least COL1A1 break-apart FISH screening could be helpful to identify cryptic COL1A1-PDGFB fusions or other variant fusions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Collagen Type I, alpha 1 Chain , Dermatofibrosarcoma/pathology , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1455-1462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970617

ABSTRACT

With Zang-Fu organs, meridians, Qi and blood, and body fluid as the physiological and pathological basis, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory is guided by the holistic concept and characterized by syndrome differentiation. It has made significant contributions to human health maintenance and disease prevention. Modern TCM preparation is developed on the basis of inheriting and developing TCM preparations using modern science and technology under the guidance of TCM theory. At present, the incidence and mortality of common tumors are increasing. TCM has rich clinical experience in the treatment of tumors. However, in the current stage, some TCM preparations have a tendency to deviate from the guidance of TCM theory. With the modernization of TCM, it is worth considering how TCM theory guides modern TCM preparations. Taking tumor treatment as an example, this paper introduced the development of TCM nano-preparation under the influence of modern nanotechnology, summarized the research on the development of modern TCM nano-preparation from the aspects of TCM holistic concept, TCM treatment principles, and TCM theory application, and discussed the application prospect of TCM nano-preparation in overall therapy, drug pairing, carrier selection, and targeted substance selection under the guidance of TCM theory. This paper provides new references for further developing the combination of tradition and modernization of TCM nano-preparation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Biological Products , Nanotechnology , Neoplasms/drug therapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 13-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969594

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprint of Yanghetang benchmark sample, and evaluate its quality with chemometric methods, so as to provide a reference for the quality control of this benchmark sample. MethodHPLC was used to establish the fingerprint of Yanghetang benchmark sample with ZORBAX SB-C18 column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), the mobile phase was consisted of acetonitrile(A) -0.05% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (containing 0.05% triethylamine solution)(B) for gradient elution(0-5 min, 2%-3%A; 5-15 min, 3%-5%A; 15-65 min, 5%-30%A; 65-90 min, 30%-70%A), the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 210, 260 nm. Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2012 edition) combined with cluster analysis, principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) were used to evaluate the quality differences between different batches of Yanghetang benchmark samples, and to find the main chemical components responsible for the quality differences. ResultHPLC fingerprint of Yanghetang benchmark sample was established, 13 common peaks were identified and attributed to each common peak, including peaks 2 and 8 from Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, peaks 10 and 11 from Cinnamomi Cortex, peaks 1, 3-6 from fried Sinapis Semen, peak 13 from Ephedrae Herba, and peaks 7, 9, 12 from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Eight of them were identified by comparing with control substance, which were 5-hydroxymethylfurfural(peak 2), sinapine thiocyanate(peak 4), glycyrrhizin(peak 7), verbascoside(peak 8), cinnamic acid(peak 10), cinnamaldehyde(peak 11), glycyrrhizic acid(peak 12) and ephedrine hydrochloride(peak 13). The similarities of the HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of Yanghetang benchmark samples with the control fingerprint were all greater than 0.80. The three chemometric methods could classify the samples into two categories. Eight differential components were screened out, among which 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, sinapine thiocyanate, verbascoside and ephedrine hydrochloride were identified. ConclusionThe established fingerprint analysis method is accurate, stable and reproducible, which basically reflects the overall chemical composition of Yanghetang benchmark sample, and can provide a basis for establishment of quality standards for compound preparations of this famous classical formula.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 213-220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981255

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of systematic graded rewarming pattern on all-cause mortality of hypothermic trauma patients in different time periods. Methods A prospective case-control study was carried out for 236 hypothermic trauma patients with modified trauma score<12 in the Emergency Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021.The patients were randomly assigned into a systematic graded rewarming group (n=118) and a traditional rewarming group (n=118).The main outcome event was all-cause death within 15 days after trauma,and the secondary outcome event was all-cause death within 3,7,and 30 days after trauma. Results Overall,13.98%(33/236) and 14.83%(35/236) of the patients died within 15 and 30 days after trauma,respectively,and the median survival time of all dead patients was 6 (4,10) days.The systematic graded rewarming group had higher temperature after rewarming for 2 h (P=0.001) and larger temperature change after rewarming intervention (P=0.047) than the traditional rewarming group.The all-cause mortality within 15 days (27.3%vs.72.7%,P=0.005) and 30 days (25.7%vs.74.3%,P=0.002) in the systematic graded rewarming group was lower than that in the traditional rewarming group.Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the survival time of the patients in the systematic graded rewarming group was longer than that in the traditional rewarming group (P=0.003).Multivariate cox regression analysis indicated that systematic graded rewarming was a strong protective factor for survival time after trauma (HR=0.450, P=0.042).Further Logistic regression analysis for the occurrence of all-cause death in each time period showed that the OR of systematic graded rewarming pattern to all-cause death within 15 days and 30 days after trauma were 0.289 and 0.286,respectively,after adjusting the covariates(P=0.008,P=0.005).The temperature after rewarming for 2 h had a negative correlation with all-cause mortality within 30 days after trauma (OR=0.670, P=0.049). Conclusions Systematic graded rewarming is a protective factor for the survival time of patients with traumatic hypothermia and an independent factor affecting the risk of all-cause death within 15 days and 30 days after trauma.The temperature after rewarming for 2 h is expected to be an independent predictor of all-cause mortality of 30 days after trauma in the patients with hypothermia.The systematic graded rewarming pattern could reduce the mortality of hypothermic trauma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothermia , Rewarming , Case-Control Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 588-594, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986824

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of performing right colectomy via a transvaginal approach. Methods: This was a retrospeltive cohort study. Data of 30 patients who had undergone transvaginal laparoscopic right colectomy (transvaginal group) and 23 women who had undergone laparoscopic right colectomy (laparoscopic group) from January 2019 to March 2022 in the Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected retrospectively. The inclusion criteria for the transvaginal group were as follows: (1) post-menopausal woman; (2) transverse diameter of the tumor < 6 cm; and (3) diagnosis of benign polyps that were unresectable by endoscopy, mucinous tumors of the appendix, or confirmed right colon cancer not requiring D3 lymphadenectomy. The inclusion criteria for the laparoscopic group were as follows: (1) pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma or high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia; (2) lesion located from the cecum to the right third of the transverse colon; and (3) clinically stage T1-4NanyM0. The exclusion criteria for the laparoscopic group were as follows: (1) distant metastasis discovered during surgical exploration; (2) multiple organ resection required or R0 resection not possible; or (3) conversion to open surgery required. Safety was evaluated on the basis of intra- and post-operative complications. Feasibility was assessed by postoperative recovery and quality of operative specimen. The body mass index was lower in the transvaginal than the laparoscopic group (22.0±3.1 kg/m2 vs. 24.1±2.6 kg/m2, t=2.617, P=0.012). Results: Among the 30 transvaginal laparoscopic right colectomies, 26 were pure transvaginal surgeries, three required laparoscopic assistance because of difficulties with anastomosis (n=2) or abdominal adhesions (n=1), and one required conversion to laparoscopic surgery because of vascular injury. Compared with the laparoscopic group, the transvaginal group had a longer surgery time (175.0 [147.5, 216.3] minutes vs. 120.0 [100.0, 120.0] minutes, U=63.000, P<0.001) and more blood loss (30.0 [10.0, 50.0] ml vs. 23.0 [10.0, 20.0] ml, U=208.000, P=0.011). The incidence of intraoperative complications (16.7% [5/30) vs. 0, P=0.061] was comparable between the two groups. In the transvaginal group, the sites of intraoperative injuries were bladder (n=3), ileocecal artery (n=1), and right uterine artery (n=1). The incidence of postoperative complications (20.0% [6/30] vs. 17.4% [4/23], χ2<0.001,P>0.999) was also comparable between the two groups. Clavien-Dindo grade III postoperative complications occurred in two patients in the transvaginal group (one patient had a pelvic hematoma that required embolization; the other had a vesico-vaginal fistula that required surgery). Postoperative visual analogue scale scores were significantly lower (P<0.001) in the transvaginal group. Times to first flatus, ambulation, and first intake and duration of postoperative hospital stay were comparable between the two groups (P>0.05). The proportion of specimens of moderate quality was 83.3% (25/30) in the transvaginal group and 100% (23/23) in the laparoscopic group; this difference is not significant (P=0.061). Among patients who underwent D2 lymph node dissection, the number of lymph nodes examined was comparable between the transvaginal (n=23) and laparoscopic groups (n=7) (18 [15, 27] vs. 20 [16, 29], U=69.500, P=0.589). Conclusion: Transvaginal right colon surgery is associated with less postoperative pain than laparoscopic surgery, but is not yet the preferred alternative because of the incidence of surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Feasibility Studies , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Colectomy
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 791-797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985824

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the factors influencing the height of anterior peritoneal reflection (APR) for patients with rectal cancer, and to analyze the relationship between the APR and the lateral lymph node metastasis. Methods: Clinical data of 432 patients with tumor located within and below APR were retrospectively collected from the rectal cancer database at the Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2020 to September 2022. Ninty-eight non-rectal cancer patients were also enrolled as a control group. There were 308 males and 124 females in the tumor group, aged (M(IQR)) 62 (16) years (range: 24 to 85 years) and 53 males and 45 females in the control group, aged 60 (22) years (range: 27 to 87 years). The APR height, pelvis, and tumor-related parameters were measured by MRI. A multifactor linear regression model was established to analyze the dependent correlation factors of APR height. These factors of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching and their APR heights were compared after matching. An ordinal Logistic regression model was established to explore the relationship between APR-related parameters and radiographic lateral lymph node metastasis. Results: The APR height of the tumor group was (98.7±14.4) mm (range: 43.3 to 154.0 mm) and the control group was (95.1±12.7) mm (range: 68.0 to 137.9 mm). Multivariable linear regression revealed that the greater the weight (B=0.519, 95%CI: 0.399 to 0.640, P<0.01), the anterior pelvic depth (B=0.109, 95%CI: 0.005 to 0.213, P=0.039) and the smaller the bi-ischial diameter (B=-0.172, 95%CI:-0.294 to -0.049, P=0.006), the higher the APR height. The tumor group had a higher APR height than the control group after propensity score matching ((98.3±14.2) mm vs. (95.1±12.7) mm, t=-1.992, P=0.047). Ordinal Logistic regression indicated that the longer segment of the tumor invade the nonperitoneal rectum was an independent influencing factor of radiographic lateral lymph node metastasis (OR=1.016, 95%CI: 1.002 to 1.030, P=0.021), while the distance between the anal verge and the tumor was not (OR=0.986, 95%CI: 0.972 to 1.000, P=0.058). Conclusions: The higher the weight, the deeper and narrower the pelvis, the higher the APR height. There is a certain relationship between APR and lateral lymph node metastasis on imaging.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 753-760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine a predictive model that incorporating high risk pathological factors for the prognosis of stage Ⅰ to Ⅲ colon cancer. Methods: This study retrospectively collected clinicopathological information and survival outcomes of stage Ⅰ~Ⅲ colon cancer patients who underwent curative surgery in 7 tertiary hospitals in China from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. A total of 1 650 patients were enrolled, aged (M(IQR)) 62 (18)years (range: 14 to 100). There were 963 males and 687 females. The median follow-up period was 51 months. The Cox proportional hazardous regression model was utilized to select high-risk pathological factors, establish the nomogram and scoring system. The Bootstrap resampling method was utilized for internal validation of the model, the concordance index (C-index) was used to assess discrimination and calibration curves were presented to assess model calibration. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves after risk grouping, and Cox regression was used to compare disease-free survival between subgroups. Results: Age (HR=1.020, 95%CI: 1.008 to 1.033,P=0.001), T stage (T3:HR=1.995,95%CI:1.062 to 3.750,P=0.032;T4:HR=4.196, 95%CI: 2.188 to 8.045, P<0.01), N stage (N1: HR=1.834, 95%CI: 1.307 to 2.574, P<0.01; N2: HR=3.970, 95%CI: 2.724 to 5.787, P<0.01) and number of lymph nodes examined (≥36: HR=0.438, 95%CI: 0.242 to 0.790, P=0.006) were independently associated with disease-free survival. The C-index of the scoring model (model 1) based on age, T stage, N stage, and dichotomous variables of the lymph nodes examined (<12 and ≥12) was 0.723, and the C-index of the scoring model (model 2) based on age, T stage, N stage, and multi-categorical variables of the lymph nodes examined (<12, 12 to <24, 24 to <36, and ≥36) was 0.726. A scoring system was established based on age, T stage, N stage, and multi-categorical variables of lymph nodes examined, the 3-year DFS of the low-risk (≤1), middle-risk (2 to 4) and high-risk (≥5) group were 96.3%(n=711), 89.0%(n=626) and 71.4%(n=313), respectively. Statistically significant difference was observed among groups (P<0.01). Conclusions: The number of lymph nodes examined was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival after curative surgery in patients with stage Ⅰ to Ⅲ colon cancer. Incorporating the number of lymph nodes examined as a multi-categorical variable into the T and N staging system could improve prognostic predictive validity.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 465-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992624

ABSTRACT

Bone defects are mostly caused by severe trauma, infection, tumor resection and congenital malformations, which adversely affect their health and quality of life. So far, the bone defects are mainly filled with autologous or allogeneic bone grafting, which has problems such as donor shortage, secondary bone injury and scarring. In recent years, the rise of bone tissue engineering has provided a new way for repair of bone defects, in which mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) sheets prepared by using the principle of tissue engineering can well solve the above problems of autologous or allogeneic bone grafting. With the development of preparation technology, new bone defect repair materials such as decellularized extracellular matrix (ECM) sheets and MSC/ECM clumps have been derived on the basis of MSC sheets. Therefore, the authors reviewed the preparation and the role of MSC sheets and their derivatives in bone defect repair, hoping to provide a reference for basic research and clinical treatment related to bone defect repair.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevention and treatment of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County, Shaanxi Province, so as to provide basis for consolidating the results of Kaschin-Beck disease prevention and control and the treatment of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease.Methods:The epidemiological investigation of data and clinical data Kaschin-Beck disease from 1954 to 2022 were collected from the Fu County Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control and People's Hospital of Fu County in Shaanxi Province, respectively. The retrospective study was used to investigate the prevention and control of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County through the adoption of comprehensive measures such as relocation, grain exchange, water improvement, conversion of farmland to forest and so on.Results:In 1954, there were 6 endemic townships and 127 endemic villages of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County, with a total population of 78 781. A total of 16 327 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 20.72%, including 5 434 patients without clinical symptoms. There were 5 850 patients with clinical grade Ⅰ, 3 725 patients with clinical grade Ⅱ and 1 318 patients with clinical grade Ⅲ. In 1975, the first general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in the whole county, with a total population of 101 341. A total of 9 575 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 9.45%, including 3 247 cases without clinical symptoms. Among the patients with symptoms, there were 3 704 cases of clinical grade Ⅰ, 2 006 cases of clinical grade Ⅱ and 618 cases of clinical grade Ⅲ. The patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were mainly local residents, accounting for 93.92% (8 993/9 575). In 1997, 27 320 students aged 7 to 16 years in 342 schools of 15 townships were examined and found that there were 169 cases without clinical symptoms with X-ray changes, only 2 cases with clinical grade Ⅰ, and the detection rate decreased to 0.63%. In 1997, Fu County began to encourage relocation and grain exchange to prevent Kaschin-Beck disease. The relocation targets were mainly the seriously ill villages with new cases among children and poor living conditions. By 1999, a total of 100 households and 469 people were relocated, and by 2020, 1 569 households and 5 334 people were relocated. In 1997 and 1998, measures were taken to improve water quality in 43 natural villages in 6 townships, with 1 591 households and 7 375 people benefiting. In 2010, a general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in 15 townships of Fu County, with a total population of 135 858, and 3 424 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 2.52%. There were 2 885 cases with clinical symptoms, including 1 584 cases with clinical grade Ⅰ, 1 024 cases with clinical grade Ⅱ and 277 cases with clinical grade Ⅲ. Among them, 32 561 minors under 16 years old were examined, and 49 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 0.15%, and all of them were clinical gradeⅠ patients. In 2014, a total of 73 600 people were surveyed in 170 endemic villages of Fu county, and 2 885 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 3.92%. Compared with 2010, the number of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease increased zero, and there were no underage patients under the age of 16 for 4 consecutive years. By the end of 2016, 666.67 hm 2 of farmland had been converted to forest in Fu County, involving 9 townships (including communities), 33 administrative villages and 1 993 households. In 2018, another general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in Fu County, with a total population of 157 362. A total of 2 308 patients were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 1.47%. Among them, there were 1 270 cases of clinical grade Ⅰ, 870 cases of clinical grade Ⅱ and 168 cases of clinical grade Ⅲ, and there were no patients with Kaschin-Beck disease under 16 years old in the county for 8 consecutive years (2011-2018). In the same year, 22 cases of Kaschin-Beck disease joint replacement were completed in Fu County, and by January 2022, about 60 cases had completed joint replacement. Conclusion:The prevention and control of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County has achieved remarkable results through comprehensive measures such as relocation, grain exchange, water improvement and conversion of farmland to forest.

13.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 686-689, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376754

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction The rapid development of competitive sports in the world requires volleyball players not just sufficient physical fitness but also the ability to understand and learn advanced techniques and tactics. In response to the increasing pace of competitive sports, research on fatigue injuries in volleyball players must be deepened and expanded, making coaches and players aware of sports injuries and their means of prevention. Objective Explore the fatigue injury characteristics in volleyball players under jump resistance training. Methods 157 volleyball players from eight sports colleges were selected as the research subject. Composed of 94 male volleyball players and 63 female volleyball players. Results In the investigation of the 157 volleyball players, 153 had some degree of injury, representing a total of 97.1% of the players, and only four non-injured, representing 1.80%; 95 people were injured in special technical training (61.20%); 43 were injured in advanced training (27.62%); 17 people were injured in preparatory activities (10.86%). No one was injured during relaxation activities. Conclusion Preventive measures for fatigue injuries in volleyball players include strengthening with medical supervision and balanced exercise load distribution. With attention to rational preparation of activities including strengthening and knee joint flexibility. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O rápido desenvolvimento dos esportes competitivos no mundo exige que os jogadores de voleibol não tenham apenas aptidão física suficiente, mas também a capacidade de compreender e apreender técnicas e táticas avançadas. Para atender ao ritmo crescente da competição esportiva, deve-se aprofundar e ampliar as pesquisas sobre lesões por fadiga em jogadores de voleibol, fazendo com que treinadores e jogadores se atentem às lesões esportivas e seus meios de prevenção. Objetivo Explorar as características da lesão por fadiga em jogadores de voleibol sob treino de resistência com salto. Métodos 157 jogadores de voleibol de oito faculdades esportivas foram selecionados como objeto de pesquisa. Compostos por 94 jogadores de voleibol masculinos e 63 jogadoras de voleibol feminino. Resultados Na investigação dos 157 jogadores de voleibol, 153 apresentaram algum grau de lesão, representando um total de 97,1% dos jogadores, e apenas 4 não lesionados, representando 1,80%; 95 pessoas ficaram feridas em treinos técnicos especiais (61,20%); 43 feriram-se no treino avançado (27,62%); 17 pessoas feriram-se em atividades preparatórias (10,86%). Ninguém se feriu durante as atividades de relaxamento. Conclusão Medidas preventivas para lesões por fadiga em jogadores de voleibol incluem principalmente o fortalecimento com supervisão médica, a distribuição equilibrada da carga de exercício. Com atenção ao preparo racional das atividades incluindo o fortalecimento e a flexibilidade articular do joelho. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El rápido desarrollo de los deportes de competición en el mundo exige a los jugadores de voleibol no sólo una buena forma física, sino también la capacidad de entender y comprender técnicas y tácticas avanzadas. Para hacer frente al creciente ritmo de la competición deportiva, se debe profundizar y ampliar la investigación sobre las lesiones por fatiga en los jugadores de voleibol, concienciando a entrenadores y jugadores sobre las lesiones deportivas y sus medios de prevención. Objetivo Explorar las características de las lesiones por fatiga en jugadores de voleibol sometidos a un entrenamiento de resistencia con saltos. Métodos Se seleccionaron como objeto de investigación 157 jugadoras de voleibol de ocho escuelas deportivas. Compuesto por 94 jugadores de voleibol masculinos y 63 jugadores de voleibol femeninos. Resultados En la investigación de los 157 jugadores de voleibol, 153 presentaron algún grado de lesión, lo que representa un total del 97,1% de los jugadores, y sólo 4 no lesionados, lo que representa el 1,80%; 95 personas se lesionaron en el entrenamiento técnico especial (61,20%); 43 se lesionaron en el entrenamiento avanzado (27,62%); 17 personas se lesionaron en las actividades preparatorias (10,86%). Nadie resultó herido durante las actividades de relajación. Conclusión Las medidas preventivas de las lesiones por fatiga en los jugadores de voleibol incluyen principalmente el fortalecimiento con supervisión médica, la distribución equilibrada de la carga de ejercicio. Con atención a la preparación racional de las actividades, incluyendo el fortalecimiento y la flexibilidad de la articulación de la rodilla. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015702

ABSTRACT

Silent mating type information regulator 2-related enzymes or sirtuin family proteins are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 171-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014894

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the relationship between genotypes of rs628031, rs650284, rs683369 of SLC22A1 gene and the toxicities and clinical response of oxaliplatin in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 72 patients diagnosed as colorectal cancer during January 2018 to June 2018 were selected and all patients received oxaliplatin treatment. Their peripheral venous blood was collected and genotyping was conducted by using SNaPshot. The toxicities including gastrointestinal toxicity, hematological toxicity and peripheral neurotoxicity were evaluated according to the Common Terminology Criteria Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0. Clinical response was evaluated according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST Version 1.1). RESULTS: The results of Chi-test showed that different genotypes of SLC22A1 SNP sites rs628031 and rs683369 may be related to the toxicities and clinical response of oxaliplatin significantly. Specifically, when compared with the patients with GG type of rs628031, the patients with the GA or AA type had a lower incidence of grade 3 nausea and vomiting (P=0.017) and may also be less responsive to efficacy (P=0.008). When compared with the patients with CC type of rs683369, the patients with the GC or GG type had a lower incidence of grade 3 nausea and vomiting (P=0.002) and may also be less responsive to efficacy (P=0.014).CONCLUSION: The polymorphisms of SLC22A1 gene are closely related to the toxicities and clinical response of oxaliplatin in patients with colorectal cancer, which may be helpful for improving clinical treatment.

16.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 138-142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011622

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the effect of iliac crest on the difficulty of L5-S1 transforaminal puncture and catheterization by using CT images and oblique sagittal reconstruction images. 【Methods】 We made a retrospective analysis of the CT images and oblique sagittal reconstruction images of the adults aged from 30 to 50 years who underwent abdominopelvic CT examination in Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University. Based on the feasibility of puncture and catheterization, all the subjects were divided into two groups: group Ⅰ (suitable for puncture and catheterization) and group Ⅱ (unsuitable for puncture and catheterization). We compared and analyzed differences in the rostral puncture inclination angle (α), the abaxial angle of iliac crest (β), the distance between the highest iliac crests (a), the distance between sacroiliac joints (b), the height of the superior articular process of sacral (c), the height of iliac crest (d), and the height of the superior articular process of sacral (c’) in the oblique sagittal images between the two groups. We explored the effect of anatomical indexes and iliac crests in oblique sagittal images on puncture and catheterization. 【Results】 The number of high/low iliac crests for group Ⅰ and group Ⅱ was (117/58 vs. 63/0), and the number of men/women was 64/111 vs. 56/7, respectively. Variables α, b and c were higher in group Ⅰ than in group Ⅱ (34.77±4.86 vs. 31.11±5.16, P<0.001; 137.19±19.24 vs. 128.56±20.73, P = 0.003; 14.34±2.38 vs. 13.02±2.68, P<0.001), and d was lower than that in group Ⅱ (27.51±6.73 vs. 37.65±6.35, P<0.001). In addition, no statistically significant difference was found in the height of c of coronal CT scan and c’ of oblique sagittal reconstruction images (13.99±2.53 vs. 13.93±2.40, P = 0.465). 【Conclusion】 It is more comprehensive and effective to evaluate preoperatively the influence of iliac crest on L5-S1 puncture and catheterization of TF-PELD by using CT scan and CT 3D reconstruction oblique sagittal images. The key factors in the evaluation of iliac crest are the degree of “cohesion” and the height. It is more easily to successfully puncture and catheterize when the shape of iliac crest is wider and lower. Therefore, it has higher probability to successfully puncture and catheterize in women.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2099-2108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928150

ABSTRACT

According to the polarity of different components in Sanpian Decoction, two fingerprints were established. Then the substance benchmark freeze-dried powder of 15 batches of Sanpian Decoction was prepared, followed by the determination of the fingerprints, index component content, and dry extract rates, the identification of attribution of characteristic peaks, and the calculation of similarities between these fingerprints and the reference(R), the content and transfer rate ranges of ferulic acid, sinapine thiocyanate, liquiritin, and glycyrrhizic acid, and the dry extract rate range. The results showed that the similarities of 15 batches of the substance benchmark fingerprints with R were all greater than 0.900.Further summarization of the characteristic peaks revealed that there were a total of 20 characteristic peaks in fingerprint 1, among which, eight were from Sinapis Semen, four from Paeoniae Radix Alba, six from Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and two from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. A total of 16 characteristic peaks were observed in fingerprint 2, including one from Sinapis Semen, three from Paeoniae Radix Alba, eight from Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and four from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The average dry extract rate of 15 batches of substance benchmarks was 18.25%, with a dry extract rate range of 16.28%-20.76%. The index component content and transfer rate ranges were listed as follows: 0.15%-0.18% and 38.81%-58.05% for ferulic acid; 0.26%-0.42% and 36.51%-51.02% for sinapine thiocyanate; 0.09%-0.15% and 48.80%-76.61% for liquiritin; 0.13%-0.24% and 23.45%-35.61% for glycyrrhizic acid. The fingerprint, dry extract rate, and index component content determination was combined for analyzing the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks in the classic prescription Sanpian Decoction.The established quality evaluation method for the substance benchmarks was stable and feasible, which has provided a basis for the quality control of Sanpian Decoction and the follow-up development of related preparations.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Paeonia , Quality Control , Thiocyanates
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2283-2291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937031

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized fibro-inflammatory condition of autoimmune etiology in recent twenty years, mainly manifesting as mass-forming lesions in single or multiple organs. In the past, it was often missed or misdiagnosed as inflammation or tumor. Patients may die from multiple organ failure due to end-stage fibrosis if they are not treated promptly. However, the number of clinically confirmed cases has gradually increased with the improvement of diagnostic level in recent years, and these patients have benefited greatly after receiving early treatment. Although patients generally respond well to traditional immunosuppressors including glucocorticoids and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, refractory and recurrent cases, even patients with glucocorticoid contraindication are common. Important mechanistic insights have been derived from studies of B-cell depletion therapy, but greater awareness of the pathophysiology of IgG4-RD is still badly needed to identify novel therapeutic targets. In this article, we reviewed the pathogenesis progress and promising therapy of IgG4-RD to seek better clinical management of IgG4-RD.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2171-2176, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936586

ABSTRACT

Piroxicam has polymorphism. Different crystalline forms can exhibit different physicochemical properties and biological activities. Analysis of the intermolecular interactions is essential to reveal the formation mechanism and differences of polymorphs. In this paper, Hirshfeld surface analysis and semi-empirical methods were used to calculate and analyze the intermolecular interactions in seven polymorphic forms of piroxicam. The results show that the Hirshfeld surface analysis method can clearly and intuitively reveal the intermolecular interactions, among which H…H, O…H/H…O and N…H/H…N interactions account for 95% of the total energy. There are differences in the proportion and distribution of the forces of different crystal forms. The energy calculation shows that the lattice energy of the hydrate is significantly lower than that of the anhydrous forms, and in the specific energy distribution, the contribution of the dispersion force is the most prominent. Further interaction energy analysis was found that within the distance of 3.8 Å from the center of the piroxicam molecule, different crystalline forms of piroxicam molecule have different interaction energies with surrounding molecules.

20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 242-249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936071

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the incidence and risk factors of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) after colon cancer surgery. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. Patients diagnosed with colon cancer who underwent radical surgery between January 2016 and May 2021 were included, and demographic characteristics, comorbidities, laboratory tests, surgical data and postoperative complications were extracted from the specialized prospective database at Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Case exclusion criteria: (1) simultaneously multiple primary colon cancer; (2) segmental resection, subtotal colectomy, or total colectomy; (3) patients undergoing colostomy/ileostomy during the operation or in the state of colostomy/ileostomy before the operation; (4) patients receiving natural orifice specimen extraction surgery or transvaginal colon surgery; (5) patients with the history of colectomy; (6) emergency operation due to intestinal obstruction, perforation and acute bleeding; (7) intestinal diversion operation; (8) benign lesions confirmed by postoperative pathology; (9) patients not following the colorectal clinical pathway of our department for intestinal preparation and antibiotic application. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to determine the risk factors of SSI after colon cancer surgery. Results: A total of 1291 patients were enrolled in the study. 94.3% (1217/1291) of cases received laparoscopic surgery. The incidence of overall SSI was 5.3% (69/1291). According to tumor location, the incidence of SSI in the right colon, transverse colon, left colon and sigmoid colon was 8.6% (40/465), 5.2% (11/213), 7.1% (7/98) and 2.1% (11/515) respectively. According to resection range, the incidence of SSI after right hemicolectomy, transverse colectomy, left hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy was 8.2% (48/588), 4.5% (2/44), 4.8% (8 /167) and 2.2% (11/492) respectively. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative BUN≥7.14 mmol/L, tumor site, resection range, intestinal anastomotic approach, postoperative diarrhea, anastomotic leakage, postoperative pneumonia, and anastomotic technique were related to SSI (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that anastomotic leakage (OR=22.074, 95%CI: 6.172-78.953, P<0.001), pneumonia (OR=4.100, 95%CI: 1.546-10.869, P=0.005), intracorporeal anastomosis (OR=5.288, 95%CI: 2.919-9.577,P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI. Subgroup analysis showed that in right hemicolectomy, the incidence of SSI in intracorporeal anastomosis was 19.8% (32/162), which was significantly higher than that in extracorporeal anastomosis (3.8%, 16/426, χ(2)=40.064, P<0.001). In transverse colectomy [5.0% (2/40) vs. 0, χ(2)=0.210, P=1.000], left hemicolectomy [5.4% (8/148) vs. 0, χ(2)=1.079, P=0.599] and sigmoid colectomy [2.1% (10/482) vs. 10.0% (1/10), χ(2)=2.815, P=0.204], no significant differences of SSI incidence were found between intracorporeal anastomosis and extracorporeal anastomosis (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of SSI increases with the resection range from sigmoid colectomy to right hemicolectomy. Intracorporeal anastomosis and postoperative anastomotic leakage are independent risk factors of SSI. Attentions should be paid to the possibility of postoperative pneumonia and actively effective treatment measures should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
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