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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771730

ABSTRACT

To explore the flavor and meridian tropism classification of Callianthemum taipaicum by principal components analysis(PCA) and partial least square analysis(PLS). Meanwhile,to establish a high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-ESI-MS) method for the simultaneous determination of 55 active components from 13 kinds of Ranunculaceae of Chinese traditional herbs. Samples were separated on HPLC system by Agilent 5 TC-C₁₈(2)(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm)column and eluted with acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid at the flow rate of 0.6 mL·min⁻¹. The data were performed by HPLC-ESI-MS with multiple reaction monitoring(MRM)scanning mode under positive and negative ion modes and quantified by external standards. The data from 13 Ranunculaceae herbs were analyzed by the PLS-tree and cooman's prediction of PCA and PLS to evaluate the similarities and differences of C. taipaicum in flavor and meridian tropism. The results showed that calibration curves of 55 components all showed good linearity, >0.99,with good precision, repeatability and stability. After compared to other 12 herbs,PCA and PLS results revealed that the C. taipaicum belonged to lung and bladder meridians while its flavor attributive to pungent,warm in nature. In conclusion,the analysis approach of chemometric calculation combined with multi-components quantification is suitable for the classification of meridian tropism and flavor of Chinese traditional medicine,which can be used for alternative research of rare herbs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Meridians , Phytochemicals , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Ranunculaceae , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 47-51, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348203

ABSTRACT

In vivo electroporation of morpholinos (MOs) into the retina of adult zebrafish is an efficient method to study gene function related to retinal disease and regeneration. However, the currently reported methods are complicated with low MO transfer efficiency and high probability to cause collateral damage. The present study was aimed to optimize the existing MO electroporation methods. Two major changes were made to MO electroporation procedure in zebrafish retina. One was to coat the inner side of the electrode with ultrasonic gel. The other was to replace the commonly used round electrode with novel rectangular one. The results showed that the use of ultrasonic gel reduced collateral damage caused by retinal electroporation and simplified the experimental procedure. The rectangular electrode significantly increased transfection efficiency of MO electroporation. In particular, knocking down the expression of Ascl1a in the retina by using our method significantly inhibited the generation of retinal progenitor cells. These results suggest our method is the optimization of the current MO electroporation methods and may be a better alternative for relevant researchers.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical significance of Th17 cell detection in patients with thymoma associated with myasthenia gra-vis(MG).Methods:From October 2015 to October 2017,78 patients with thymoma who treated in Cardio-Thoracic Surgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and 15 normal controls were collected.Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Th17 cells,and the levels of IL-17,IL-21 and AchR-Ab in peripheral blood were detected before operation.The correlation of Th17 with the corresponding cytokines was analyzed,and the independent risk factor was predicted for thymoma with myasthenia gravis.Results:The percentage of Th17 cells in the MG group was 10.33%±1.28%,compared with 7.33%±0.58% for the Con group and 7.67%±2.18% for the Tm group.These differences were statistically significant.The MG group was recorded as having(18.05 ± 7.23)pg/mL IL-17, (180.67±16.17)pg/ml IL-21,and(37.29±7.48)pmol/L AchR-Ab compared to(7.45±3.46)pg/mL,(84.33±5.13)pg/mL,and(15.23±3.32) pmol/L for the Con group and(8.22±1.67)pg/mL,(93.00±7.21)pg/mL,and(16.87±4.89)pmol/L for the Tm group for the same cyto-kines,respectively.These differences were also statistically significant(P<0.001).The percentage of Th17/CD4+T cells in the MG group was positively correlated with IL-17(r=0.830,P<0.001),IL-21(r=0.734,P<0.001),and AchR-Ab(r=0.809,P<0.001).IL-17,IL-21,and AchR-Ab are independent risk factors for predicting the combination of thymoma with MG.Conclusions:Th17 cells are involved in the development of thymoma with MG,which promote cell proliferation by secreting IL-21 and regulate MG growth by secreting IL-17.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699631

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of integrin αvβ3 in the promotion of the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) by SDF-1/CXCR4.Methods This study was divided into two parts in vitro and in vivo.As for the in vivo study,a CNV model was induced by laser on C57BL/6J mice,and then assigned into 4 groups:mice with solely CNV modeling as control group,with intravitreal injection of SDF-1 after immediate CNV modeling as SDF-1 group,with intravitreal injection of SDF-1 + CXCR4 inhibitor (AMD3100) after CNV modeling as SDF-1 + AMD3100 group,and mice with intravitreal injection of SDF-1 + αvβ3 inhibitor (SB273005) after modeling as SDF-1 + SB273005 group.CXCR4 and αvβ3 expression levels in laser-induced eyes were quantified by qRT-PCR at time points of day 1,3,5,7,10 and 14 after modeling,and immunofluorescence staining was applied to detect αvβ3 expression in regional CNV and its endothelial cells in the four groups.Finally,OCT was used to observe the height of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layers in CNV after treatment in the four groups.Moreover,in the experiment in vitro,Western blot was used to measure the expression of CXCR4 protein of RF/6A cells in normal control group,Si-CXCR4 knockdown group and Si-NC knockdown model group.Meanwhile,the expression of integrin subunit β3 protein was determined in the normal control group,SDF-1 group,SDF-1 + AMD3100group,SDF-1 + Si-NC group and SDF-1 + Si-CXCR4 group.Transwell assay was conducted to detect the migration ability of RF/6A cells in the normal control group,SDF-1group,SDF-1 +AMD3100 group,SDF-1 + SB273005 group.Results On the one hand,the study in vivo,qRT-PCR showed that the expression of CXCR4 and integrin subunit β3 mRNA was up-regulated at first,and then down-regulated with time passed after CNV induction,with the highest expression level of CXCR4 mRNA (4.263 ± 0.464) on day 3,and the peak expression of β3 mRNA (3.678 ±0.364) on day 7 after CNV modeling.The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that the β3 fluorescence intensity of SDF-1 group was significantly enhanced,and the ratio of β3/CD31 was also significantly increased,which both were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.01).However,the β3 fluorescence intensity and β3/CD31 ratio of SDF-1 +AMD3100 group and SDF-1 + SB273005 group were significantly weakened and decreased,respectively (P <0.05).OCT showed that the elevation level of RPE layer inSDF-1 group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(135.503 ± 10.301) μm vs.(94.443 ± 12.156) μm](P<0.05).The height of RPE uplift in SDF-1 + AMD3100 group [(95.283 ±20.062) μm] and SDF-1 + SB273005 group [(99.807 ± 10.403) μm] was significantly decreased (P < 0.05).On the other hand,in experiment in vitro,Western blot showed that the expression levels of integrin β3 in SDF-1 group and SDF-1 + Si-NC group were significantly higher than those in the control group [(1.301 ± 0.043) and (1.273 ± 0.077) vs.(0.244 ± 0.069)] (P < 0.01).The levels of integrin subunit β3 protein in SDF-1 + si-CXCR4 group (0.322 ± 0.042) and SDF-1 + AMD3100 group (0.336 ± 0.077) were significantly down-regulated (P < 0.01).Transwell assay showed that the amount of migrating cells in SDF-1 group increased,which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.01),while the number of migrating cells in SDF-1 +AMD3100 group and SDF-1 + SB273005 group was significantly decreased.Conclusion Integrin αvβ3 can promote the development of CNV by mediating SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling in endothelial cells.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid is an important component of extracellular matrix, has good biocompatibility, unique rheological properties and a variety of physiological functions. Therefore, it has wide application prospect in the tissue engineering. OBJECTIVE: To review the latest research progress in hyaluronic acid scaffold materials in different directions of tissue engineering. METHODS: Using the keywords of "hyaluronic acid, tissue engineering, regeneration, scaffold" in English and Chinese, we retrieved relevant articles published from January 2013 to September 2016 in the databases of PubMed, ScienceDirect and CNKI. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The application of hyaluronic acid tissue engineering scaffold materials mainly focuses on the regeneration of bone, cartilage, cardiovascular and nerve. The researchers optimize the composition, ratio of different materials, and modification or cross-linking methods to obtain the ideal scaffold materials to match the mechanical properties and physiological activity of the target tissue. However, there are not enough data on the influence of the molecular weight of hyaluronic acid and the original source of other raw materials on the scaffold properties. Further investigations are needed on the clinical transformation of hyaluronic acid tissue engineering products.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737253

ABSTRACT

Mechanical ventilation (MV) with large tidal volumes can increase lung alveolar permeability and initiate inflammatory responses,resulting in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).The mechanisms of the injurious effects of MV and the genetic susceptibility remain unclear.VILI-related genes such as cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (Cyr61)have been demonstrated to play a detrimental role in the aggressive ventilation strategies.In the present study,we investigated the involvement of Cyr61 in the VIM and the underlying mechanism.A549 cells were exposed to cyclic stretch of varying durations and then the mRNA and protein levels of Cyr61 were measured by real-time PCR and Western blotting,respectively.Additionally,after exposure ofA549 cells to cyclic stretch for 5 min to 1 h,the expression levels of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) and IL-8 were detected by ELISA and Western blotting.Thereafter,Cyr61 expression was depressed in A549 cells with the siRNA pGenesill.1-Cyr61-3 before the cyclic stretch,and IL-8 secretion and the activation of NF-κB pathways were probed by ELISA and Western blotting,respectively.Moreover,a NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC) and an activator (TNF) were used before mechanical stretch.Realtime PCR and ELISA were performed to detect the mRNA and protein of IL-8,respectively.The results showed that the mechanical cyclic stretch led to increased Cyr61 expression at mRNA and protein levels in A549 cells.Additionally,cyclic stretch also mobilized NF-κB from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and increased IL-8 secretion in A549 cells.The inhibition of Cyr61 blocked the NF-κB activation and IL-8 secretion in response to cyclic stretch.Inhibition of NF-κB attenuated the mRNA and protein expression of IL-8 in A549 cells transfected with Cyr61 siRNA.It was suggested that Cyr61/NF-κB signaling pathway mediates the upregulation of IL-8 in response to cyclic stretch in A594 cells.These findings support the hypothesis that Cyr61 plays a critical role in acute lung inflammation triggered by mechanical strain.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735785

ABSTRACT

Mechanical ventilation (MV) with large tidal volumes can increase lung alveolar permeability and initiate inflammatory responses,resulting in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).The mechanisms of the injurious effects of MV and the genetic susceptibility remain unclear.VILI-related genes such as cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (Cyr61)have been demonstrated to play a detrimental role in the aggressive ventilation strategies.In the present study,we investigated the involvement of Cyr61 in the VIM and the underlying mechanism.A549 cells were exposed to cyclic stretch of varying durations and then the mRNA and protein levels of Cyr61 were measured by real-time PCR and Western blotting,respectively.Additionally,after exposure ofA549 cells to cyclic stretch for 5 min to 1 h,the expression levels of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) and IL-8 were detected by ELISA and Western blotting.Thereafter,Cyr61 expression was depressed in A549 cells with the siRNA pGenesill.1-Cyr61-3 before the cyclic stretch,and IL-8 secretion and the activation of NF-κB pathways were probed by ELISA and Western blotting,respectively.Moreover,a NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC) and an activator (TNF) were used before mechanical stretch.Realtime PCR and ELISA were performed to detect the mRNA and protein of IL-8,respectively.The results showed that the mechanical cyclic stretch led to increased Cyr61 expression at mRNA and protein levels in A549 cells.Additionally,cyclic stretch also mobilized NF-κB from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and increased IL-8 secretion in A549 cells.The inhibition of Cyr61 blocked the NF-κB activation and IL-8 secretion in response to cyclic stretch.Inhibition of NF-κB attenuated the mRNA and protein expression of IL-8 in A549 cells transfected with Cyr61 siRNA.It was suggested that Cyr61/NF-κB signaling pathway mediates the upregulation of IL-8 in response to cyclic stretch in A594 cells.These findings support the hypothesis that Cyr61 plays a critical role in acute lung inflammation triggered by mechanical strain.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852013

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the simultaneous determination method of six lignans from Schisandra sphenanthera and classify the different maturity of Schisandra sphenanthera via chemical pattern recognition approach. Methods The simultaneous determination method was established by UPLC technology, the samples were performed by Acquity UPLC BEH C18 (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm) and eluted with acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid, the flow rate was 0.4 mL/min, column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. The collected data were analyzed and classified by principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) that the Schisantherin was selected as the monitoring component. Results Six lignans were in good linear relationship with the linear range 1.257-156.250 μg/mL (r < 0.999); Moreover, the RSD values of the repeatability, stability, and precision test were all less than 3%. According to the variation of main components in different grades of maturity, six different grades of maturity of S. sphenanthera were divided into three groups: 60%-mature sample, 70%-mature sample, and mature sample. Conclusion Cluster analysis based on UPLC technology and PCA joint analysis method are simple, rapid, sensitive, and accurate, which provides technical support and scientific basis for the selection of quality control and harvest time.

9.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (3 [Special]): 1125-1127
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189323

ABSTRACT

To construct the pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant vector and express the MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli [E. coli]. The MLAA34 and the HSP70 genes were extracted from U937 cells by RT-PCR, and then we amplified the fusion gene MLAA34-HSP70 by SOE-PCR and inserted it into the pIRES2-EGFP vector to construct the pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant vector. We amplified the fusion gene MLAA34-HSP70 successfully and identified the correctness of pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant vector by PCR and restriction endonuclease. Moreover, the MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant proteins expressed in E. coli were consistent with the expected molecular weight. We constructed the pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant vector successfully and the MLAA34-HSP70 recombinant proteins were successfully expressed by the induction of IPTG


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Antigens, Neoplasm , Artificial Gene Fusion , Gene Fusion , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Escherichia coli , Vaccines, DNA
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the rate of basicervical fractures and document their diagnosis and treatment.Methods: From January 2005 to May 2016,28 basicervical fractures of the 832 trochanteric fractures were collected and evaluated.The patients were treated with multiple screws,dynamic hip screw (DHS),intramedullary nail.Via the operation time,postoperative hospitalization,loss of blood duration the operation,hidden blood loss,total blood loss,mean union time and the final follow-up Harris hip score,the characteristics of different internal fixations were compared and analyzed.Results: The incidence of basicervical fractures was 3.37% (28/832) in our study.In the intramedullary nail group (16 patients),the operation time was 55 (20,120) min,the postoperative hospitalization was 3(2,7) d,the intraoperative blood loss was 50(5,100) mL,the hidden blood loss was 533.37 (376.19,987.15) mL,and the total blood loss 627.35 (406.19,1037.16) mL.The union time and final follow-up Harris score were 6 (3,9) months and 90.25 (74,100) min.In the DHS group (8 patients),the operation time was 87.5 (65,115) min,the postoperative hospitalization was 5.5 (2,17) d,the intraoperative blood loss was 100 (50,300) mL,the hidden blood loss was 278.11 (202.43,849.97) mL,and the total blood loss 580.19 (368.55,899.97) mL.The union time and final follow-up Harris score were 5.5 (4,12) months and 85.5 (84,87) min.In the multiple screws group (4 patients),the operation time was 47.5 (35,75) min,the postoperative hospitalization was 5 (2,12) d,the intraope-rative blood loss was 20 (2,70) mL,the hidden blood loss was 150 (100.00,412.01) mL,and the total blood loss 195.00 (120.00,414.01) mL.The union time and final follow-up Harris score were 4 (4,6) months and 80 (61,97) min.The patients treated with multiple screws and intramedullary nail had a shorter operation time than the DNS group,but no obvious difference was found between the other two groups (P=0.367).Postoperative hospitalization had no significant difference among the three groups.The intraoperative bleeding was more in the DHS group,the other two groups had no significant difference (P=0.100).However,the hidden blood loss was more in the intramedullary nail group,the other two groups had no significant difference (P=0.134).The total blood loss in the intramedullary nail group was more than multiple screw group,similar to the DHS group (P=0.483).One patient treated with multiple screws underwent internal fixation failure three months after operation.The mean union time and final follow-up Harris scores had no significant difference among the three groups (P>0.05).Conclusion: Through this study,we found that the incidence of basicervical fractures is low.Fractures with no shift can be confirmed by preoperative X-ray.For displaced fractures,preoperative CT + 3D reconstruction is recommended.Surgical treatment by closed reduction and internal fixation with DHS or intramedullary nail is shown to be very effective.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335750

ABSTRACT

Araloside A is one of the main active ingredients of Aralia taibaiensis. In this study, HPLC-MS/MS analysis method of araloside A in the main organs of SD rats was established. At the same time, the content of araloside A in the main organs (heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain) after oral administration with araloside A (50 mg•kg⁻¹) were determined to explore the tissue distribution characteristics of araloside A in vivo. The results showed that the methodological study of araloside A in the main organs of SD rats met the requirements, araloside A distributed in heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney and brain tissues reached peak at 1 h or 2 h after oral administration with 50 mg•kg-1.The distributions of araloside A at different time points after administration were distinct as follows: the content of araloside A at 20 min:liver>heart>spleen>lung>kidney>brain; the content of araloside A at 1 h: liver>spleen>kidney>lung>heart>brain; the content of araloside A at 2 h: liver>kidney>heart>spleen>lung>brain; the content of araloside A at 4 h: kidney>liver>spleen>heart>lung>brain; the content of araloside A at 8 h: spleen>heart>liver>kidney>lung>brain. Therefore, araloside A was mainly distributed in liver tissue, which had a certain correlation with the common use of Aralia taibaiensis in the treatment of hepatic disease. In addition, araloside A shows a low content but an obvious distribution in brain tissues, which indicates that the drug can pass through blood-brain barrier, and provides the basis for the study of araloside A in brain tissue.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 159-166, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256769

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of salvianolic acid A (SAA) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) induced by pristane in BALB/c mice. Lupus mice were established by confirming elevated levels of autoantibodies and IL-6 after intraperitoneal injection of pristane. Mice were then treated with daily oral doses of SAA for 5 months in parallel with mice treated with prednisone and aspirin as positive controls. The levels of autoantibodies were monitored at monthly intervals and nephritic symptoms observed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. Western blot analysis of renal tissue was also employed. SAA treatment caused a significant reduction in the levels of anti-Sm autoantibodies and reduced renal histopathological changes and pathological effects. SAA treatment also significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of IKK, IB and NFB in renal tissues of lupus mice. In conclusion, the results suggest that SAA alleviates renal injury in pristane-induced SLE in BALB/c mice through inhibition of phosphorylation of IKK, IB and NFB.

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 4019-4023, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665315

ABSTRACT

Objective To expore the effects of FGF-2 and TGF-β1 on the differentiation of rat bone mar-row mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)towards cardiocytes. Methods BMSCs were isolated from bones of SD rats and cultured and identified by flow cytometry.The cells were divided into four groups:group A(FGF-2),group B (TGF-β1),group C(FGF-2+TGF-β1)and group D(blank control).The morphological changes were observed by the microscope. The expressions of Desmin,α-sarcomeric actin and cTnI were detected by immunocytochemical stainning.The expressions of GATA-4 and Nkx2.5was detected by RT-qPCR.Result The positive expression rate of CD90,CD29 and CD45 was 84.7%,86.5%,0.3% respectively. After induction,group C presence of myotube structures and the shape is fusiform.The positive rate of combined induction group was higher than the others (P < 0.05). The expression of GATA-4 and Nkx2.5 genes was higher than that in the other groups(P < 0.05). Conclution FGF-2 and TGF-β1 can be used to induce BMSCs into cardiocytes,and the combined group has the better effect.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2612-2614, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616710

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the DNA vaccine pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70,and to detect its immune effect.Methods The acute monocytic leukemia associated antigen gene MLAA-34 and heat-shock protein (HSP)70 gene were extracted by using RT-PCR.The specific overlapping primer was designed,and the fusion gene MLAA34-HSP70 was amplified by using SOE-PCR technique.Then the DNA vaccine pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 was constructed,and BALB/c mice were immunized with this DNA vaccine.The splenic lymphocyte killing activity was detected by using MTT,levels of IL-2,IL-4 and IFN-γ were also detected by using ELISA.Results The MLAA34-HSP70 gene (2 956 bp) and the DNA vaccine pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 was amplified and constructed successfully.The killing efficiency of DNA vaccine pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 in U937 cells was significantly higher than that in other experimental groups and control group (P<0.01),and levels of IL-4,IL-2 and IFN-γin DNA vaccine pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 group were significantly higher than those in the other experimental groups and control group (P<0.01).Conclnsion The DNA vaccine pIRES2-MLAA34-HSP70 is constructed successfully.It is shown that the DNA vaccine induces strong humoral immunity,which could enhance immune responses to tumor cells and specificlly kill MLAA34 positive cells.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230136

ABSTRACT

The certified reference materials (CRMs) of emodin in rhubarb and its alcohol extract, water extract were developed by using quantity transfer technology from single chemical composition to the complex systems. The CRM of emodin was used for quantity transfer, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used to determine the contents of emodin in different matrix composition. By establishing mathematical model and calculating the parts of uncertainty, the uncertainty values were finally gotten. CRMs of emodin in rhubarb, alcohol extract and water extract were accomplished. The content values of emodin were 0.40% ±0.03%, 1.15%±0.18%, 0.16%±0.08% (k=2,P=0.95), respectively. The established method for quantity transfer has successfully solved the technical problems that the value of active ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine can't be traced to SI units. The series of CRMs are assigned as grade primary reference materials, which are useful for quality control of the emodin content, also provide the accurate and reliable CRM, materials standard and standard methods.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258450

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to systematically investigate the polymorphism of shikimic acid. Through optimizing the recrystallization solvent, solvent volume, recrystallization temperature, time and pressure, three crystal forms were discovered and prepared. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD) and infrared spectrometry (IR) were used to characterize these solid states. Furthermore, the influencing factor experiments were used to explore the stability of these polymorphisms and the transformation among them. Three new polymorphisms were prepared and identified. The results indicated that only PXRD could identify different polymorphisms and there was no solvent in all three crystal forms. The composition, thermodynamic property and transformation of these crystal forms were described in this work. Furthermore, an effective method for qualitative analysis of these crystal forms was established.

17.
Neurology Asia ; : 177-180, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-625250

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a 35-year-old right-handed male patient with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy who developed ipsilateral occipital hematoma after right temporal anterior lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy. Patient did not report taking any drugs with anticoagulant effect, such as aspirin or valproate. There was no past history of hypertension and the pre-operation tests were normal. Pre-operative brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed no abnormality in the right occipital lobe. Overdraining of cerebrospinal fluid may have triggered this remote cerebellar hemorrhage.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2829-2833, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503229

ABSTRACT

Objective To study TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 expressions in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their relevance to the clinicopathological data and prognosis. Methods Immunohistochemistry S-P method was used to examine the expressions of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 in pathological specimens of 136 cases of ESCC and 13 cases of normal esophageal mucosa. Contrast study among immunohistochemistry, clinicopathological data and prognosis was also analyzed. Results (1)The positive expression rates of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 in ESCC were 52.2% and 65.4%, respectively. The expressions of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 in ESCC were significantly higher than that in normal esophageal mucosa (P<0.05). (2)The expressions of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 were all related to clinical stage , differentiation degree and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). (3)The expression of TMSG-1 was negatively correlated to the expression of Cyclin D1 in ESCC (r=-0.386,P=0.000). (4)The expression levels of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 were independent risk factors in patients with ESCC (P < 0.05). Conclusions The abnormal expressions of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 may cooperatively play a role in initiation and development of ESCC. Co-examination of TMSG-1 and Cyclin D1 expressions in primary tumors may be useful for predicting prognosis of ESCC.

19.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2015; 36 (2): 170-175
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-178072

ABSTRACT

To assess the association between hypoxic inducible factor-2alpha [HIF- alpha] and hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] by meta-analysis. This study was carried out at Anhui Province Hospital, Hefei, Anhui, China in February 2014. We searched various databases for studies published in English or Chinese up to February 28, 2014. The hazard ratio for overall survival and analyzed odds ratio were combined to evaluate the clinicopathological features of HIF-2 alpha expression in HCC. A total of 7 eligible studies comprising 1066 patients with HCC were identified after our full assessment according to inclusion criteria. All of the patients came from China. The results indicated that the association between HIF-2 alpha expression and prognostic values in HCC was inconspicuous, while the expression of HIF-2 alpha was significantly associated with capsule infiltration, vein invasion, and histological grade. Expression of HIF-2 alpha was associated with invasion and metastasis in HCC, but did not have a distinct significance in prognosis, according to the limited evidence. However, high quality, large sample size, and controlled trials are required


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 231-237, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310031

ABSTRACT

This study compares the results of three certified methods, namely differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), the mass balance (MB) method and coulometric titrimetry (CT), in the purity assessment of ferulic acid certified reference material (CRM). Purity and expanded uncertainty as determined by the three methods were respectively 99.81%, 0.16%; 99.79%, 0.16%; and 99.81%, 0.26% with, in all cases, a coverage factor (k) of 2 (P=95%). The purity results are consistent indicating that the combination of DSC, the MB method and CT provides a confident assessment of the purity of suitable CRMs like ferulic acid.

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