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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935533

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pediatric diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration and to analyze their relationship with prognosis. Methods: Forty-one cases of childhood diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University (39 cases) and Xi'an Children's Hospital (2 cases), from July 2016 to July 2020. The clinical manifestations, imaging data, histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype and molecular genetics features, tumor size, site and histological grading were evaluated. Results: Among the 41 cases, 21 were males and 20 females, the age of onset was 3-14 years, the average and median age was 7.6 years and 7.0 years, respectively. The tumor sites were brain stem (n=36) and other locations (n=5). The clinical manifestations were dizziness, gait disturbance, and limb weakness, etc. The MRI features were variable. The histology varied from low-grade to high-grade glioma with neuron differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells expressed H3K27M, GFAP, and Olig2. Genetic study showed that 76% (16/21) of tumors had H3F3A gene mutation, mostly accompanied by TP53 (62%, 13/21) missense mutation; five tumors (24%, 5/21) had HIST1H3B gene mutation, accompanied by missense mutations in ACVR1 and PI3K pathway-related gene PIK3CA (4/5) and PIK3R1 (1/5) mutations. The prognosis was dismal with only one alive and others died. The average and median overall survival time was 7 months and 4 months, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumor location, radiologically maximum tumor diameter, histologic grading, and surgical methods were not significantly associated with overall survival rate (P>0.05). Conclusions: Pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27 alteration have unique clinicopathological and genetic characteristics. The prognosis is poor. The tumor location and histopathologic grading are not related to prognosis. New specific drugs and comprehensive treatment are needed to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Glioma/pathology , Histones/genetics , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Prognosis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between social and linguistic parenting behaviors and developing capability of children with autism.Methods:From August 2020 to December 2020, the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of 302 parents of children diagnosed with autism were investigated in the outpatient department of the hospital.Meanwhile, the data of Gesell scale for children, the social life competence scale for infant and junior middle school students, the autism behavior checklist and the Cancy autism behavior scale were collected.SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t test and analysis of variance were used to compare the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of different parents.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of parents and children's developmental ability and symptom severity. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in children's social and language development parenting behavior between father and mother ( t=1.033, P=0.303; t=-0.312, P=0.756). There were no statistically significant differences in children's social and linguistic parenting behaviors between fathers of different age groups ( F=1.425, P=0.244; F=1.127, P=0.345). Among mothers of different age groups, the social parenting behaviors of <30 years old and 30-34 years old groups were significantly better than those of 35-39 years old group ( F=3.374, P=0.019; LSD: P=0.010, P=0.006). Among fathers, the social parenting behavior( F=4.346, P=0.008; LSD: P=0.020, P=0.001) and social + linguistic parenting behavior in the graduate group and college group were significantly better than those in the high school/vocational group( F=3.965, P=0.012; LSD: P=0.020, P=0.002). Among mothers, the social parenting behavior ( F=2.812, P=0.040; LSD: P=0.008, P=0.023, P=0.009), linguistic parenting behavior ( F=3.769, P=0.011; LSD: P=0.010, P=0.025, P=0.001), social + linguistic parenting behavior ( F=3.654, P=0.013; LSD: P=0.005, P=0.015, P=0.002) in graduate and above groups were significantly better than those in college group, high school/vocational group, junior high school and below groups.The scores of social parenting behavior(40.72±6.80), linguistic parenting behavior(27.20±5.22), and social + linguistic parenting behavior(67.92±11.10) were significantly correlated with children’s fine motor(61.75±16.41)( r=0.193, P=0.001; r=0.153, P=0.009; r=0.190, P=0.001), cognition(68.28±16.83)( r=0.231, P=0.000; r=0.186, P=0.001; r=0.229, P=0.000), language(53.01±18.55) ( r=0.262, P=0.000; r=0.305, P=0.000; r=0.304, P=0.000) and social self-care(61.44±17.85) ( r=0.264, P=0.000; r=0.238, P=0.000; r=0.274, P=0.000). The scores of linguistic parenting behavior and social + linguistic parenting behavior were correlated with children's social life ability (8.65±0.89) ( r=0.142, P=0.046; r=0.140, P=0.049). There was no significant correlation between social parenting behavior, linguistic parenting behavior, social + linguistic parenting behavior and the scores of ABC scale (50.53±21.39) ( r=-0.089, P=0.336; r=-0.115, P=0.215; r=-0.107, P=0.250) and CABS scale (13.96±4.54) ( r=-0.050, P=0.490; r=-0.059, P=0.411; r=-0.058, P=0.421). Conclusions:The social and linguistic parenting behaviors are related to their age and educational level, and are significantly correlated to developing capability of children with autism, but have nothing to do with the severity of children's symptoms.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1835-1852, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888837

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease and is mainly characterized by abnormal proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). The up-regulated cellular membrane expression of G protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) of FLS plays a critical role in RA progression, the increase of GRK2 translocation activity promotes dysfunctional prostaglandin E4 receptor (EP4) signaling and FLS abnormal proliferation. Recently, although our group found that paeoniflorin-6'-

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Understanding the association between floods and bacillary dysentery (BD) incidence is necessary for us to assess the health risk of extreme weather events. This study aims at exploring the association between floods and daily bacillary dysentery cases in main urban areas of Chongqing between 2005 and 2016 as well as evaluating the attributable risk from floods.@*METHODS@#The association between floods and daily bacillary dysentery cases was evaluated by using distributed lag non-linear model, controlling for meteorological factors, long-term trend, seasonality, and day of week. The fraction and number of bacillary dysentery cases attributable to floods was calculated. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the association across age, gender, and occupation.@*RESULTS@#After controlling the impact of temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, long-term trend, and seasonality, a significant lag effect of floods on bacillary dysentery cases was found at 0-day, 3-day, and 4-day lag, and the cumulative relative risk (CRR) over a 7-lag day period was 1.393 (95%CI 1.216-1.596). Male had higher risk than female. People under 5 years old and people aged 15-64 years old had significantly higher risk. Students, workers, and children had significantly higher risk. During the study period, based on 7-lag days, the attributable fraction of bacillary dysentery cases due to floods was 1.10% and the attributable number was 497 persons.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study confirms that floods can increase the risk of bacillary dysentery incidence in main urban areas of Chongqing within an accurate time scale, the risk of bacillary dysentery caused by floods is still serious. The key population includes male, people under 5 years old, students, workers, and children. Considering the lag effect of floods on bacillary dysentery, the government and public health emergency departments should advance to the emergency health response in order to minimize the potential risk of floods on public.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cities , Dysentery, Bacillary/epidemiology , Female , Floods , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929859

ABSTRACT

Intracranial arterial dolichoectasia (IADE), also known as dilated cerebral artery disease, is a kind of disease in which the diseased arteries are lengthened, enlarged, and tortuous due to various reasons. Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) refers to a series of clinical, imaging and pathological syndromes caused by various etiologies affecting cerebral arterioles, venules and capillaries. Its main imaging manifestations include lacunar infarction, cerebral microbleeds, enlargement of perivascular space, white matter hyperintensities, and brain atrophy. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that IADE is closely associated with the occurrence and development of CSVD. This article reviews the correlation between IADE and CSVD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 156-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787652

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR, the key proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance. Fifty-eight cases of pediatric BL and thirty cases of reactive hyperplastic lymphadenitis (RH) were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University from September 2011 to July 2018. Paraffin sections of tissues were immune stained for p-AKT and p-mTOR, and the expression was assessed and correlated with the clinical features and prognosis. A total of 58 cases were diagnosed and 6 cases lost the follow-up. Of the remaining 52 BL patients including 43 males and 9 females, the median age was 5 years (range: 2 to 14 years). Regarding to the correlation between the two biomarkers, Spearman test showed that p-mTOR was positively associated with the expression of p-AKT (0.759, 0.001). Of all BL patients, the positive rates of p-AKT and p-mTOR were 62.1% (36/58) and 60.3%(35/58) respectively, both significantly higher than control group (0.011, 0.035 respectively). The presence of p-AKT was significantly associated with higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH≥573 IU/L) level in patients of the disease (0.006), while p-mTOR was increased both in the higher LDH and lower ratio of albumin to globulin (A/G) group (0.006, 0.034 respectively). Expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR did not show any statistical correlation with sex, age, St.jude stage, tumor size, B-symptom present or not, number of extra-nodal sites or international prognostic index (IPI) (0.05). Fifty-two patients had a median follow-up of 40 months (range: 5-87 months). Univariate analysis showed that p-AKT expression was significant in predicting both inferior OS (5-year estimate, 72.7% . 94.7%, (2)=4.123, 0.042) and PFS (5-year estimate, 66.7% . 94.7%, (2)=5.822, 0.016). The 5-year OS rate was 71.0% (22/31) for the p-mTOR positive cohort of patients compared to 95.2% (17/21) for p-mTOR negative group ((2)=4.881, 0.027); however, there was no statistical significance in 5-year PFS rate (0.05). Especially, the 5-year OS and PFS rate of p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive group were significantly lower than negative control group (including absence of single p-AKT or p-mTOR expression, and absence of both) (OS: 69.0% . 95.7%, (2)=6.285, 0.012; PFS: 65.5% . 91.3%, (2)=5.405, 0.020). The results of multivariate COX proportional risk regression analysis indicated that p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive, higher LDH and IPI score 3-5 were independent prognostic factors for both OS and PFS, and the bulky tumor (>10 cm) for PFS of pediatric BL. The expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR may be a potential reference for diagnosis and the independent prognostic indicators of pediatric BL.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate college students' acceptance of flipped classroom and its influencing factors, so as to provide basis and suggestions for the promotion of flipped classroom in colleges and universities.Methods:A structured quantitative questionnaire was used to investigate the learning status of 876 students in Chongqing Medical University and their cognition and acceptance of flipped classroom. The influencing factors were analyzed by multiple linear regression.Results:According to the questionnaire, 77.9% of the students did not know about flipped classroom, 32.3% of them had high acceptance to it and 62.0% of them accepted it moderately. The stronger the learning ability and motivation, the higher levels of understanding and acceptance of the flipped classroom.Conclusion:Undergraduates have a certain degree of acceptance to flipped classroom. In daily education, attention should be paid to stimulating students' learning motivation, cultivating their learning ability in various aspects, widely spreading teaching concept of flipped classroom, and actively trying the teaching mode of flipped classroom.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of string-overalls-suture pancreaticojejunostomy on the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) .Methods:Clinical data of 70 cases receiving PD in the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University from Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2018 were retrospectively studied. All cases were divided into experimental group and control group according to the different ways of pancreaticojejunostomy. Patients in experimental group received string-overalls-suture pancreaticojejunostomy, and those in control group received pancreatic duct jejunal mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy. The 70 cases were performed by the same team. Operative time and the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups were compared and analyzed.Results:There was no statistical differences between the two groups in general data and intraoperative observations. The total operative time was (4.28±1.10) hours in the control group and (3.62±0.76) hours in the experimental group. It was significantly different between the two groups ( t=2.942, P=0.004) . There were 7 (28.0%) cases of POPF including 6 cases of grade B, and 1 case of grade C in the control group, and 3 (6.7%) cases of grade B in the experimental group. 6 (24.0%) cases had postoperative bleeding in the control group, 7 (15.6%) cases in the experimental group, 8 (32.0%) cases with abdominal infection in control group, and 8 (17.8%) cases in the experimental group. Delayed gastric emptying occurred in 3 (12.0%) cases in the control group, and 4 (8.9%) cases in the experimental group. It was significantly different for POPF between the two groups (χ 2=4.358, P=0.037) . And there were no significant differences for other postoperative complications between the two groups (all P>0.05) . Conclusion:The string-overalls-suture pancreaticojejunostomy has the advantages of simple and quick manipulation, wide indication, safe and reliable pancreaticojejunostomy, and has certain superiorities in shortening operation times and reducing POPF.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777438

ABSTRACT

The study aims to qualitatively analyze the chemical composition of compound Nanxing acesodyne plaster by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). The analysis was performed on Agilent Zorbax SB-C_(18)( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) column. The mobile phase consisted of methanol and 0. 2% formic acid-water was used as gradient elution. The flow rate was 1 mL·min~(-1) and column temperature was 30 ℃. The Mass spectrometry was acquired in both positive and negative ion modes using ESI. The components were identified by the precise mass-to-charge ratio,secondary fragmentation and other information combined with reference substance and literature data. As a result,58 compounds were identified and predicted,including alkaloids,flavonoids,coumarins,organic acids and lactone compounds,of which 12 compounds were verified by the reference substances. The results provide reference for the quality control of compound Nanxing acesodyne plaster,and lay the foundation for elucidating the active components mechanism.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778714

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the relationship between physical activity and glycemic control among type 2 diabetic patients with a good compliance level in China. Methods A total of 1 272 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes with a good compliance level were recruited from five community health centers in Nanjing Chemical Industry Administrative Zone from 2014 to 2016. Logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between physical activity and glycemic control. Results In this cross-sectional study, 1 272 type 2 diabetic patients (596 men and 676 women) were recruited. The participants’ mean (standard deviation, SD) age was (64.63±9.04) years old. Male participants who achieved sufficient physical activity had the odds ratio (OR) of 2.11 (95%CI:1.17-3.18, P=0.013) for a tight glycemic control compared to their counterparts who had sufficient physical activity, after controling for the potential confounders, no significant association between physical activity and glycemic control status existed in women. Conclusions Physical activity is positively associated with glycemic control among male type 2 diabetic patients who had a good compliance level in Nanjing. Specific physical activity interventions should be implemented to type 2 diabetic patients

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772687

ABSTRACT

Current biomechanical research of dental implants focuses on the mechanical damage and enhancement mechanism of the implant-abutment interface as well as how to obtain better mechanical strength and longer fatigue life of dental implants. The mechanical properties of implants can be comprehensively evaluated by strain gauge analysis, photo elastic stress analysis, digital image correlation, finite element analysis, implant bone bonding strength test, and measurement of mechanical properties. Finite element analysis is the most common method for evaluating stress distribution in dental implants, and static pressure and fatigue tests are commonly used in mechanical strength test. This article reviews biomechanical research methods and evaluation indices of dental implants. Results provide methodology guidelines in the field of biomechanics by introducing principles, ranges of application, advantages, and limitations, thereby benefitting researchers in selecting suitable methods. The influencing factors of the experimental results are presented and discussed to provide implant design ideas for researchers.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Computer Simulation , Consensus , Dental Abutments , Dental Implant-Abutment Design , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Finite Element Analysis , Stress, Mechanical
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776626

ABSTRACT

As the worldwide population ages, the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases. However, the results of promising medications have been unsatisfactory. Chinese acupuncture has a long history of treating dementia, but lack of evidence from well-designed randomized controlled trials that validate its efficacy and safety, as well as its lack of clear underlying mechanisms, contribute to its limited application in clinical practice. In recent years, brain imaging technologies, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography, have been used to assess brain responses to acupuncture in a dynamic, visual, and objective way. These techniques are frequently used to explore neurological mechanisms of responses to acupuncture in AD and provide neuroimaging evidence as well as starting points to elucidate the possible mechanisms. This review summarizes the existing brain imaging evidence that explains the effects of acupuncture for AD and analyzes brain responses to acupuncture at cognitive-related acupoints [Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7), Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6), and Taixi (KI 3)] from perspectives of acupoint specificity and acupoint combinations. Key issues and directions to consider in future studies are also put forward. This review should deepen our understanding of how brain imaging studies can be used to explore the underlying mechanisms of acupuncture in AD.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 537-543, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705081

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the expression of mesen-cephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor(MANF) in synovial membrane and serum of rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA) and to analyse the relationship between MANF expression and arthritis. Methods AA models were prepared by injecting Freund complete adjuvant (FCA) into SD rats. The swelling of the secondary joint was measured by foot volume measurement. The severity of AA was recorded by arthritis index (AI). Synovial pathological changes were observed by HE staining. The protein and mRNA levels of MANF,BiP and CHOP extracted from synovial tissues in different periods of AA rats were detected by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respectively. The levels of MANF, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and then the relationship between MANF level and inflam-matory factors were explored. Results AA rat model was established successfully. The expression of BiP significantly increased in synovial tissue on d 2 after CFA injection,and decreased until d 28. The expres-sion of MANF slightly increased on d 2,then remained stable,and significantly increased on d 14, and then decreased gradually. The expression of CHOP kept to rise slowly at a low level. The level of MANF in serum markedly increased on d 14,then gradually decreased, but it was still higher than the normal level on d 28. The level of CRP exhibited similar trend with MANF. Correlation analysis showed that MANF had a negative correlation with arthritis symptoms, IL-1β and TNF-α in the secondary inflammatory period of AA rats. Con-clusions Arthritis induces the expression and secre-tion of MANF,and the level of MANF is closely relat-ed to the progression and severity of arthritis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699655

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of blue light on the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea in mice by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).Methods Totally 40 mice were collected and randomly divided into experimental group and control group,with 20 mice in each group,and the experimental mice were raised in the blue light environment from 8 to 16 hours per day,while the controls were reared in normal environment.Then the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea in both groups were measured by OCTA before irradiation and one week,two weeks,one month,two months and three months after irradiation,respectively.Results Compared with pre-irradiation,the thickness of corneal epithelium of all regions did not change significantly in both groups at 1 week,2 weeks,and 1 month after irradiation,and the differences were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05).Compared with before irradiation,the corneal epithelium thickness of the control group at 2 months and 3 months after irradiation did not change significantly,and there was no significant difference (both P > 0.05).Compared with the control group,the corneal epithelium at central,nasal 5 mm,inferior 5 mm,and temporal 5 mm regions in the experimental group were significantly thickened,and the differences were statistically significant (all P <0.05).Three months after irradiation,compared with the control group,the thickness of corneal epithelium in the central and inner regions of the cornea and nasal 6 mm and temporal 6 mm regions of the experimental group were significantly thickened,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).There was no significant change in the corneal full thickness between the experimental group and the control group before irradiation and 1 week,2 weeks,1 month,2 months,and 3 months after irradiation,and the differences were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05).Furthermore,the difference in the extremum value of corneal epithelial thickness,namely the maximum and the minimum,was significantly different in both groups (P < 0.05),but the difference in the extremum value of the full-thickness of the cornea was not significant in the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion The blue light can change the thickness of corneal epithelium in mice,and the change of the central region is obvious,but the full-thickness of the cornea do not significantly change in a short term.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699559

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of benzalkonium bromide and citalopram on the corneal epithelium and corneal thickness of mice using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).Methods Together 60 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups (group A,B,C,D and E;n =12),with group A left untreated,group B receiving PBS eye drops,group C given benzalkonium bromide eye drops,group D undergoing intraperitoneal administration of citalopram suspension,and group E treated with combination of benzalkonium bromide eye drops and citalopram suspension.After 2 weeks,OCTA was applied for corneal subarea,followed by measurement of the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea of all mice,and then the mean values were calculated.Results The thickness of corneal epithelium and fullthickness of the cornea was (66 ±7) μm and (141 ± 11) μm in the group A,(66 ± 8) μm and (140 ± 12) μm in the group B and D,(73 ± 10) μm and (141 ± 14) μm in the group C,(76 ± 12) μm and (141 ± 15) μm in the E group,respectively.And there was no significant difference in the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea before treatment and 2 weeks after treatment in the group A,B and D (all P > 0.05),but both variables were markedly thickened in group C and E 2 weeks after treatment,and the difference was statistically significant (all P <0.05).Moreover,the increased levels on the both variables in the group E was higher than those in the group C 2 weeks after treatment,and the difference was statistically significant (both P < 0.05).The average thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea in the group C and E were significantly thickened after treatment,and the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05).The average values of both variables in the group C and E were obviously larger than those in the group A,and the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Citalopram alone has no significant effects on the corneal thickness by OCTA,whereas both the thickness of corneal epithelium and fullthickness of the cornea tend to thicken by benzalkonium bromide treatment,which has a synergistic effect on corneal thickening with citalopram.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699540

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To compare the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea among New Zealand rabbits,cats and the human using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) technology as to explore the morphological basis for different animals as experimental models of xenocorneal transplantation.Methods Totally selected 12 New Zealand male rabbits and 12 male cats were included in this study and divided into group A and B.Then the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea of both eyes in the two groups were measured with OCTA technology,and according to the distance from the center of the cornea,the cornea was divided into 17 areas by System software.The center of the cornea was a diameter of 2 mm around the center of the cornea,with the inner ring and outer ring of 5 mm and 6 mm in diameter,respectively;and the inner and outer ring region was again divided into 8 areas,including superior side (S),superior nose side (SN),nasal side (N),inferior nose side (IN),inferior side (I),inferior temporal side (IT),temporal side (T),superior temporal side (ST).Then the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea in each region were measured for comparing the difference of New Zealand rabbits' and cats' corneal thickness with the human's.Results The thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea of cats were both thicker than those of rabbits.The full-thickness of the cats' cornea became thinner from the central to the peripheral side,and the difference of thickness between the T5,ST5,S5,SN5,N5 areas and the central of the cornea was statistically significant (all P <0.05);the thickness of corneal epithelium in the ST5,S5,SN5 areas was significantly thicker than the central area (all P <0.05);And this was true of the rabbits' full-thickness of the cornea,and the difference in the full-thickness of the cornea between the T5,IT5,IN5,N5,T6,N6 area and the central region was statistically significant (all P < 0.05);meanwhile there were also significant difference in the thickness of corneal epithelium between the ST5,S5,SN5,ST6,S6,SN6 areas and the central area (all P < 0.05).Additionally,there were significant differences in the thickness of corneal epithelium and full-thickness of the cornea between the two experimental animals and humans (all P < 0.05).Conclusion The cornea of cats possesses similar regions in corneal full-thickness and epithelial thickness as well as the distribution to human cornea,so cats have superiority to the rabbits for the potential donor of xenocorneal transplantation in human beings.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698271

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the sealing effect of transient pinus massoniana bark extract (PMBE)pre-coating on dentin tubules and its wear resistance so as to provide an experimental basis for PMBE to be used to prevent and treat dentin hypersensitivity.Methods The model of dentin hypersensitivity was established by acid etching method.The samples were transient pre-coating with 80 g/L of PMBE ethanol solution,and then some of them experienced brushing wear treatment with ethanol group and fluorine vanish group as negative and positive controls.The surface and profile morphologies of the samples were observed using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM)in each group.The area of dentin tubular openings (ADTO)and percentage area of dentin tubular openings (PADTO)were also measured.Results The dentin tubules were opened completely and the lumen of dentin tubules was empty in ethanol group.The dentin tubules were completely or basically closed and some films or plugging could be seen in the lumen of dentin tubules in fluorine vanish/immediate group and PMBE/immediate group.The dentin tubules were partly opened and some wear marks could be seen on the dentin surface in fluorine vanish/wear groups,PMBE/wear groups.ADTO and PADTO in ethanol group were significantly higher than those in fluorine vanish groups and PMBE groups (P<0.05).ADTO and PADTO did not significantly differ between fluorine vanish/wear groups and PMBE/wear groups (P>0.05),which were all significantly higher than those in fluorine vanish/immediate group and PMBE/immediate group (P<0.05).Conclusion Local transient pre-coating of PMBE ethanol solution can achieve fine immediate sealing effect of dentin tubules and some degree of wear resistance.

18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1115-1120, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817993

ABSTRACT

Atlantoaxial instability or dislocation is a common upper cervical disease which can lead to serious outcomes including sensory and motor deficit or even sudden death. Therefore, active surgical intervention is often recommended. The most popular surgical procedure for atlantoaxial instability is posterior bone graft and internal fixation. Posterior stabilization techniques mainly include wiring techniques, interlaminar clamp fixation, C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation (Magerl technique), screw-plate systems, and screw-rod systems. Each technique has its advantage and shortcoming. The screw-rod systems, along with various modifications, has become the most popular internal fixation technique for posterior atlantoaxial stabilization in clinic. This article reviews the evolution, characteristics and new advancement of some prevail posterior atlantoaxial fixation techniques in purpose of giving a reference for surgeons to have a better understanding of posterior fixation techniques and make a reasonable choice in clinical practice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259775

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical effect of ceramic on ceramic total hip arthroplasty(THA)in Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip(DDH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2008 to December 2015, 137 hips of 111 Crowe IV DDH patients received THA using Forte or Delta ceramic on ceramic by one senior surgeon, which consists of 85 unilateral hips and 26 bilateral hips. The average age of the patients was(38.88±10.83) years old ranging from 18 to 68 years old. The mean follow-up was(41.16±21.50) months ranging from 12 to 96 months. All the patients were evaluated by Harris Hip Score. Radiographic evaluations were made preoperatively and during follow-up. Harris scores, the incidence of complications such as ceramic fracture, squeaking, dislocation were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean preoperative Harris score was 56.54±15.67, the mean postoperative Harris score was 88.30±6.86(=0.017). Periprosthetic osteolysis was not deteced around any cup. No ceramic fracture occurred. There were 3 cases of revision surgery due to infection, losening of the stem and limb length discrepancy, respectively; 3 cases of dislocation occurred. Seventy-seven patients were recorded the gait and the hip mobility, the hip flexion of 69 patients were above 120 degrees.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ceramic on ceramic bearing showed an encouraging result in Crowe IV DDH total hip arthroplasty.</p>

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1179-1183, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738119

ABSTRACT

Objective Regurgitation,infantile colic,and fnnctional constipation are common gastrointestinal symptoms in childhood,the aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and distribution of these symptoms in China.Methods A screening program in infants aged 0 to 3 years selected through stratified cluster random sampling was carried out in 7 citics in China.Questionnaires were filled,and then diagnosis were made according to Rome Ⅳ criteria.Areas,(urban-rural),age and gender distribution of prevalence of childhood common gastrointestinal symptoms were analyzed.Results Totally,20 932 effective questionnaires were returned.The total number of infants aged 0 to 1 years was 10 193.Regurgitation was diagnosed in 1 960 infants,with the prevalence of 19.2%,among infants aged 0 to 3 months that had highest prevalence (29.8%).The prevalence decreased with age,and differences among different age groups showed significant.For infantile colic,4 470 infants aged 0 to 5 months were analyzed and the prevalence of infantile colic was 7.3%.The prevalence of infantile colic was the highest in infants aged 1 to 2 months (10.0%).Age specific difference was significant.Of all the infants,functional constipation was diagnosed in 1 755 infants with the prevalence of 8.4%,and the lowest prevalence was found in infants aged 0 to 3 months (6.2%),and the highest prevalence was in infants aged 30 to 36 months (10.0%).The differences in different age group were significant.Conclusion Symptoms of regurgitation,infantile colic,and functional constipation are common in infants in China,with age specific difference in prevalence of the symptoms.

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