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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928899

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of cardiovascular diseases is a serious threat to human health, and endovascular surgery has become the standard treatment for most interventional cardiovascular diseases. The robotassisted endovascular surgery system further enhances surgeons' ability to perform minimally invasive endovascular procedures in interventional cardiology. This study presents a new robotic technique for coronary intervention from the perspective of clinical application. Aiming at clinical application scenarios, this scheme proposed an intuitive guide wire catheter mechanism design, which accurately and perfectly simulates the doctor's hand movements, realizes the positive and negative direction translation of the guide wire catheter, accurate torque control of the guide wire rotation and locking. The results of animal test showed that the R-OneTM has a high degree of dexterity, accuracy and stability,and meets the clinical needs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiovascular Diseases , Catheterization , Equipment Design , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics
2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 380-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923719

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the origin of infection and risk factors of a case with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with overseas countries in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the evidence for improving the COVID-19 control measures at ports.@*Methods@#Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) and Beilun CDC conducted case finding and epidemiological surveys immediately after being informed. The general information, history of vaccination and the travel during the latest 14 days were collected from the positive case, and all close contacts were tracked. Saliva samples were collected for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing and whole-genome sequencing, and the sequencing results were aligned with the GISAID's EpiCoV database. The origin of infection and transmission route of the positive case was investigated.@*Results@#A case was identified positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid during company M's routine screening in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port on August 10, 2021, and was confirmed positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by Beilun CDC and Ningbo CDC on August 11. Whole-genome sequencing showed SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 ( Delta ) variant, which shared the highest homology with the virus sequence uploaded by Russia on June, 2021 ( Russia/MOW-RII-MH27356S/2021 ). The case was a bundling worker for overseas container ships, and reported communicated with foreign boatmen and contacted materials without protected interventions on the SINOKOR AKITA Container Ship between August 4 and 5, 2021. This ship anchored at Vladivostok, Russia from July 27 to 29, anchored at Ningbo Harbor on August 4, and departed on August 5. Then, 11 boatmen from this ship were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on August 8. One asymptomatic case was reported in this epidemic; 254 close contacts and 617 secondary close contacts were identified, and all were tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid. No new cases with SARS-CoV-2 infections were detected until August 25, 2021, and the emergency response was therefore terminated.@*Conclusions@#The infection was a sporadic COVID-19 epidemic associated with overseas countries, which was caused by Delta variant infection through contacts with foreign boatmen or materials by a bundling worker in Ningbo-Zhoushan Port; fortunately, no epidemic spread occurred. Intensified closed-loop management and increased frequency of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test among high-risk populations, and improving the precision and rapid emergency treatment of COVID-19 epidemics are required for the containment of COVID-19 at ports.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698252

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic methods and their curative effects in recurrent ischemic angina for internal mammary artery resterosis after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods We enrolled the patients who had recurrence of ischemic angina for restenosis of internal mammary artery graft after CABG as research subjects in the Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University from January 2014 to January 2016.The 42 patients were divided into three groups according to the different treatment approaches for recurrence of ischemic angina:Group A (n=22)who received internal mammary artery interventional therapy;Group B (n=12)who received coronary artery bypass grafting treatment;and Group C (n=8)who received left subclavian artery proximal stent treatment.Then we compared the clinical therapeutic effects in the three groups.Results The success rate in Group C was 100%,which was the highest in the three groups,and the post-operative restenosis rate was 0.The hospitalization time was significantly shorter in Group A than in Group B (P<0.05).However,the two groups did not significantly differ in mortality,success rate or restenosis rate (P>0.05).Conclusion We should select the appropriate treatment according to the patient's specific situation for recurrent ischemic angina. Endovascular treatment has evident therapeutic effects,rapid postoperative recovery,and lower treatment risk, making it the preferred treatment when possible.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823259

ABSTRACT

@#Tissue engineering has been applied to induce pulp-dentin complex regeneration, and proposed the concept of regenerative endodontics. As a new subject in stomatology, regenerative endodontics promotes root development and pulp regeneration with the combination of dental stem cells, biomaterial scaffolds and growth factors. Clinically, pulp regenerative technique has been used to treat necrosis and periapical periodontitis of immature permanent teeth. Numerous case reports and studies have proved the possibility of pulp regeneration, and regenerative endodontics will become a potential new treatment alternative of dental pulp diseases for dental clinician. In the present paper, we will summarize and analyze the current process and prospective of regenerative endodontics.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for determining glyphosate in the air of workplaces by ion chromatography.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ultra-fine glass fiber filter paper was used to collect glyphosate from the workplace air. After being ultrasonically eluted with deionized water, samples were determined by ion chromatography using a conductivity detector.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Within the range of 0.05-1.00 mg/L, a linear relationship was found with a limit of detection of 0.003 mg/m(3). The minimum detectable concentration was 0.000 41 mg/m(3) (calculated by sampling 75 L of air). For three different concentrations of glyphosate, the intra-batch relative standard deviations (RSDs) were 1.8%, 1.6%, and 0.8%, respectively, and the inter-batch RSDs were 1.9%, 2.1%, and 2.2%, respectively. The recovery rate ranged from 94.8% to 97.4%. The elution efficiency ranged from 94.5% to 96.7%. The sampling efficiency was 100%. Samples could be stored at room temperature for at least 7 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This presented method meets the requirements of Guide for establishing occupational health standards-Part 4: Determination methods of air chemicals in workplace and is feasible for determination of glyphosate in the air of workplaces.</p>


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants, Occupational , Chromatography, Gas , Glycine , Workplace
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351127

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differentially expressed genes in rat in the process of regression of vascular calcification by using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>24 SD male rats which aged 6 weeks and specific pathogen free grade were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 8): control group, calcification group and regression group respectively. Vascular calcification model (vitamin D3 plus nicotine, VDN) were made from rats in calcification group and regression group, and rats in control group were intragastric administered with normal saline and lavaged with peanut oil. Rats were bred for 8 weeks in calcification group and control group, while rats in regression group were fed for 16 weeks. All rats were killed to measure concentration of calcium in the arterial tissue and examine the pathological lesion changes. Subtractive hybridization among vascular cDNA sequences from calcification group and regression group were established. The cDNA fragments which expressed higher or lower in regression group than those in calcification group were isolated. Differentially expressed genes with cDNA fragment were inserted into PMD18-T plasmid vector and transformed competent DH-5alpha, cDNA libraries of differentially expressed gene between calcification group and regression group were then constructed. Recombinant vectors were analyzed by colony PCR, positive genes were randomly selected for sequencing and analyzed by BLAST. 4 genes were randomly selected for RT-PCR certification combined with semi-quantitative analysis of DNA bands.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>VDN model of rats were successfully constructed. Concentration of tissue calcium in calcification group (15.34 mg/g +/- 2.51 mg/g) was significantly increased compared to that in control group (5.20 mg/g +/- 0.75 mg/g, P < 0.001), while in comparison with calcification group (15.34 mg/g +/- 2.51 mg/g), calcium in regression group was relatively lower (12.73 mg/g +/- 1.89 mg/g, P < 0.05). 28 up-regulated genes and 22 down-regulated genes were gained through sequencing and BLAST analysis among positive clones. RT-PCR validation indicated that 4 genes such as prdx3 and Ank2 had increasedly expressed in regression group than those in calcification group, the average fold change was 1.7.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rat vascular calcification tissue had characteristic of active regression. Genes in relation to pyrophosphoric acid synthesis, glutamate signal peptides, anti-oxidant and ant-apoptosis were up-regulated, at the same time many genes related to ossification and oxidation activity were down-regulated in the process of calcification regression. Increased expression of calcification suppressor genes accompanying decreased expression of calcification promoting genes might be the intrinsic mechanisms which initiated the active regression of calcified tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Calcification , Genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 306-310, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of fluvastatin on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in rats with osteoporosis in the process of fracture healing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fractures at the intermediate piece of the femur were made on 72 Sprague Dawley (SD) rats (weighing initially 290-340 g and aged 6 months) with osteoporosis after ovariectomy for three months, then these rats were divided randomly into the medication administration group (the experimental group) and the control group, 36 rats each. In the experimental group, the rats received fluvastatin lavage (10 mg/kg per day) since the next day of operation lasting for 6 weeks, and the rats in the control group received placebo. Then the expression of VEGF and VEGF mRNA in bony callus of the two groups was measured respectively with immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization on days of 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, and 42nd, and image analysis was made with real-color image analysis machine.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No difference was found in the cellular localization of VEGF and VEGF mRNA gene expression between the experimental group and the control group in process of fracture healing and their expression modes were almost similar. On the 14th day postoperatively, the positive extent of positive cells in the experimental group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fluvastatin can promote the VEGF level in rats with osteoporosis in process of fracture healing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Pharmacology , Fracture Healing , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Indoles , Pharmacology , Osteoporosis , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics
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