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1.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 167-171, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882526

ABSTRACT

As an emerging tumor marker, the rarity and heterogeneity of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) increase the difficulty of detection. In recent years, CTCs enrichment technology based on biophysical, biochemical and microfluidic properties has been continuously developed, which has promoted the research and application of CTCs in malignant tumors diagnosis, clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation. Although there are still some deficiencies in the detection of CTCs, with the interdisciplinary integration, CTCs will play increasingly important roles in the diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors.

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 656-662, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the protective effects of salvianolate on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) related myocardial injury or myocardial infarction after elective PCI in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 149 patients with NSTE-ACS who underwent elective PCI were enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to the salvianolate group (74 cases) or the control group (75 cases). After exclusion criteria of coronary angiography, 60 patients with PCI therapy remained in the salvianolate group and 68 in the control group. The incidence and the severity of PCI related myocardial injury or myocardial infarction, in addition to major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during 1 year follow-up after PCI were studied between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent factors for PCI related myocardial injury or myocardial infarction after elective PCI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, salvianolate treatment reduced the incidence of PCI related severe myocardial injury or myocardial infarction (11.7% vs. 26.5%, P=0.035). The rate of MACEs or all-cause death within 1 month or 1 year after the procedure was not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periprocedural treatment with salvianolate reduces the incidence of PCI related severe myocardial injury or myocardial infarction, although it does not influence clinical prognosis. [Chinese clinical trial registry: ChiCTR1800016992].

3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 656-662, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827081

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the protective effects of salvianolate on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) related myocardial injury or myocardial infarction after elective PCI in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 149 patients with NSTE-ACS who underwent elective PCI were enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to the salvianolate group (74 cases) or the control group (75 cases). After exclusion criteria of coronary angiography, 60 patients with PCI therapy remained in the salvianolate group and 68 in the control group. The incidence and the severity of PCI related myocardial injury or myocardial infarction, in addition to major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during 1 year follow-up after PCI were studied between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent factors for PCI related myocardial injury or myocardial infarction after elective PCI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, salvianolate treatment reduced the incidence of PCI related severe myocardial injury or myocardial infarction (11.7% vs. 26.5%, P=0.035). The rate of MACEs or all-cause death within 1 month or 1 year after the procedure was not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periprocedural treatment with salvianolate reduces the incidence of PCI related severe myocardial injury or myocardial infarction, although it does not influence clinical prognosis. [Chinese clinical trial registry: ChiCTR1800016992].

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 664-672, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Pim1 expression up-regulation on cell proliferation, apoptosis, chemotaxis and angiogenesis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line U937, and to explore the possible molecular mechanism involved, finally to estimate the Pim1 expression in primary AML cells.@*METHODS@#GFP-tagged plasmid for Pim1 overexpression and an empty vector plasmid were constructed, and then a stable Pim1 expressed U937 cell line and a control virus-infected U937 cell line were established by a lentiviral vector system. After confirming Pim1 overexpression in U937 cells, proliferation and apoptosis are determined by CCK-8 Kit and flow cytometry respectively. Transwell chemotaxis assay was used to measure the effect of Pim1 overexpression on AML cells. Flow cytometry and confocal microscopy were applied to detect the influence of Pim1 overexpression on phosphorylated CXCR4 (pCXCR4) and its location. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of angiogenesis and adhesion related genes in AML primary cells.@*RESULTS@#The lentivirus-infected AML cell line with Pim1 overex-pression and the control virusinfected AML cell line were established successfully. The Pim1 overexpression could enhance the proliferation and inhibit the cell apoptosis, moreover accompnied with the increasing expression of cyclin D1, phosphorylated BAD (pBAD) and pCXCR4. After SDF-1 α stimuli, Pim1 overexpression induced AML cell chemotaxis accompanied with p-CXCR4 expression and calcium influx increment. Pim1 overexpression has no effect on angiogenesis. Pim1 mRNA expression was significantly higher in AML patients than the healthy people.@*CONCLUSION@#Pim1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AML, which not only promotes AML cell proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis, but also enhances the chemotactic ability of leukemia cells, which closely relates with Pim1 phosphorylation of CXCR4 and the increase of intracellular calcium ion influx signals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-pim-1 , Genetics , Signal Transduction , U937 Cells
5.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 50-54, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700063

ABSTRACT

Object To execute medical information informatized acquisition, transmission, storage and procession to facilitate the submarine medical rescue team to implement medical treatment on the rescue ship.Methods A submarine rescue medical information system based on information and material flows was developed with PowerBuilder 11.5 platform, C/S architecture and Oracle 11g database, which was composed of six modules of personnel management, equipment management, drug and consumables management, examination and evaluation, medical treatment and system management. In medical treatment module information sharing and real-time communication were implemented between the groups of casualty triage, casualty holding, surgical treatment and severe injury treatment.Results The system realized information acquisition, procession, application and integrated sharing during mass casualty treatment on the rescue ship.Conclusion The system enhances the military hospital in medical support to multi military missions, medical commanding and comprehensive treatment.

6.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 35-38, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693438

ABSTRACT

There are many ways to identify circulating tumor cells in the current.Fluorescence has a wide range of applications in the identification of circulating tumor cells.The labeled cells can be observed and counted more intuitively by labeling the tumor cells with fluorescent group containing antibodies,probes and aptamers,and cytokine,CD45 and fluorescence in situ hybridization are widely used in the identification of various circulating tumor cell related tests.In recent years,people have explored the feasibility of using fluorescent probes to directly identify circulating tumor cells.With the development of biopsy probes and optical sectioning imaging technology of confocal microscopy,it is possible to directly identify circulating tumor cells with fluorescent probes in the future.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 272-276, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693233

ABSTRACT

The incidence of gastric cancer ranks the fourth in all kinds of cancers in the world,ranking the second among patients with cancer-related deaths.The 5-year survival rate of gastric cancer patients is less than 30%.About 50% of gastric cancer patients have recurred or metastasized after curative resection.Metastasis and recurrence are the major causes of death in cancer patients.CTCs play an important role in tumor metastasis.At present,there are more than 10 kinds of detection methods for CTCs in gastric cancer.The most widely used methods are RT-PCR,FCM,CelLTracks(R) AutoPrep(R) system and ISET.Recent studies have shown that CTCs in peripheral blood of patients with gastric cancer can be used to determine the clinical stage of patients,assess the prognosis and guide the individualized treatment of cancer.

8.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 403-409,416, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610750

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of monocyte subsets and their chemokine,i.e.,monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) and fractalkine (FKN),in patients with acute coronary svndrome (ACS),and to analyze their correlation.Methods Patients with the syndrome of pectoralgia and to be inspected with coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from Sep.to Dec.,2016 were included.Patients' venous blood was collected on the operation day before operation,the level and proportion of monocyte (Mon) subsets,which was namely CD14 + CD16-Mon (Mon1),CD14+CD16 + Mon (Mon2) and CD14-CD16 + Mon (Mon3) according to the expression of cluster differentiation-14 (CD14) and CD16,were detected by flow cytometry (FCM).Patients' venous blood was collected on the operation day before operation and one day after operation,the concentrations of MCP-1 and FKN in plasma were measured by ELISA.We compared the expression levels of MCP-1-Mon1 and FKN-Mon3,and analyzed their relationship between each other respectively in different groups.Results Diagnosed according to the clinical symptoms,myocardial markers,electrocardiogram and CAG results,70 individuals were analyzed,including 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI group),25 patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP group) and 15 patients with the chest pain symptoms and normal CAG results (control group).The percentage of Mon1 in the AMI group was higher than that in the other groups (P<0.05);no difference was observed for Mon3 among the groups (P>0.05).The Mon3/Mon1 ratio in the AMI group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05).Moreover,the levels of FKN and MCP-1 in the ACS group were greater than those in the control group.The level of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was significantly increased in the AMI and UAP group than that in the control group (P<0.05).There was a significant correlation between FKN and Mon3 (P<0.05,R=0.650 2).Conclusions The monocyte subset of Mon1 and Mon3 increased in the early stage of ACS,with their chemokine (FKN and MCP-1) increasing at the same time.There is a significant correlation between FKN and Mon3,which indicates MCP-1-Mon1 and FKN-Mon3 may participate in the pathophysiological process of early ACS in patients.

9.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 670-674, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664424

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) model for the classification and diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated with renal involvement,and to provide a new method for the timely detection and diagnosis of the disease.Methods Simulated annealing(SA) algorithm was used to optimize the penalty coefficient C and kernel function parameter g of the support vector machines(SVM) algorithm before an SA-SVM classifier model was established and was applied to the intelligent assistant diagnosis of SLE.Results Unlike the single SVM classifier,this method never fell into local optimum,and improved the classification accuracy of a classifier.The classification accuracy for SLE with renal involvement was as high as 98.72%.Conclusion The experimental results show that this classification model is well applicable to the intelligent diagnosis of SLE with renal involvement.

10.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 257-260, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620476

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels and liver pathology at different phases of natural history in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, and to establish a non-invasive liver fibrosis diagnostic model based on HBsAg quantification.Methods A total of 145 CHB patients were enrolled and underwent liver biopsy from January 2013 to January 2015, among which 73 patients were hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positive.HBsAg levels and HBV DNA levels were compared between patients at different phases of natural history and between patients with different HBeAg statuses.Logistic analysis was used to analyze the risk factors associated with fibrosis in HBeAg-positive patients, and to evaluate the predictive value of non-invasive liver fibrosis diagnostic model based on HBsAg quantification.Analysis of variance was used for statistical analysis, and t test analysis was used for the comparison between two independent samples.Results The serum HBsAg levels at the immunologic tolerance phase, immunologic clearance phase, low copy phase and reactivation phase of CHB patients were (4.29±0.69), (3.56±0.61), (3.22±0.64), and (3.54±0.50) lg IU/mL, respectively (F=16.72, P<0.01), and the HBV DNA levels were (8.48±0.58), (6.69±1.44), (3.80±0.59), and (6.21±1.06) lg IU/mL, respectively (F=76.73, P<0.01).In HBeAg-positive CHB patients with liver inflammation stage (G)≤G1, G2, G3 and G4, the serum HBsAg levels were (4.44±0.65), (4.00±0.72), (3.74±0.62), and (3.28±0.50) lg IU/mL, respectively (F=9.198, P<0.01).In HBeAg-positive CHB patients with liver fibrosis stage (S)≤S1, S2, S3, and S4, the serum HBsAg levels were (4.55±0.54), (4.04±0.89), (3.59±0.63), and (3.34±0.50) lg IU/mL, respectively (F=10.66, P<0.01).Logistic analysis showed that age (OR=1.091, 95%CI: 1.013-1.175) and HBsAg level (OR=0.190, 95%CI: 0.066-0.542) were independent factors for predicting fibrosis stage.The area under receiver operating characteristic curve of the non-invasive fibrosis model based on age and HBsAg level was 0.849, which was higher than aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (0.749) and fibrosis index based on the 4 factors (0.763).Conclusions The serum HBsAg levels are significantly different among the different phases of natural history in CHB patients.The serum HBsAg levels decline with the progression of liver fibrosis in HBeAg-positive CHB patients.The non-invasive diagnostic model that based on HBsAg quantification could be used to evaluate the stage of liver fibrosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2632-2635, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508881

ABSTRACT

The role of insulin pump in the treatment of diabetes is becoming more and more significant. Based on the systematic literature review, collation and analysis, this article introduces the management of insulin pump outside the hospital from the development trend of insulin pump, application and common problems. In order to enhance the therapeutic satisfaction of patients and improve their quality of life, our aims are to put forward the strategy of standardized management and provide a reference for establishing and improving the standardized management system of insulin pump therapy outside hospital.

12.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 603-607, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297377

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the analgesia of oxymatrine (OMT) affecting high voltage-dependent calcium channels (HVDCCs) and GABA release under neuropathic pain condition.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 66 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the sham-operation group, the model group, and the OMT group, 22 in each group. Neuropathic pain models were established by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL). Hind paw plantar mechanical response threshold (MWT) was measured by up-and-down method with Von-Frey filament. mRNA expression of HVDCCs in brains and spinal cords was detected with Real-time PCR and concentration of GABA was determined using ELISA kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with day 0, the left hind paw MWTwas decreased on day 7, 10, and 14 in the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the left hind paw MWT was significantly reduced in the model group on day 7 (P < 0.05). The MWT of PSNL ipsilateral hind paw was decreased on day 7 before OMT administration, when compared with day 0 (P < 0.05), and increased after OMT administration (P < 0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, mRNA levels of Cav1.2, Cav1.3, Cav2.1, and Cav2.3 in brain tissues were increased and those of Cav2.2 were decreased significantly in the model group (P < 0.05). In spinal cord tissues, mRNA levels of Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 were increased, but those of Cav2.1, Cav2.2, and Cav2. 3 were decreased significantly in the model group, when compared with those of the sham-operation group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, mRNA levels of Cavl.2, Cavl.3, Cav2.1, and Cav2. 3 in brain tissues were decreased, and those of Cav2.2 were increased significantly in the OMT group (P < 0.05). In spinal cord tissues of the OMT group, mRNA levels of Cav1.3 decreased and those of Cav2.1, Cav2.2, and Cav2.3 increased significantly with statistical difference, when compared with those of the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, GABA levels in brain tissues decreased in the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, GABA levels in brain tissues increased in the OMT group (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in GABA levels of spinal cord tissues among these groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>OMT had analgesic effect on neuropathic pain, which might be probably related to HVDDCs. Cav2.2 might directly affect GABA release.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Analgesia , Methods , Calcium , Calcium Channels , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neuralgia , Drug Therapy , Pain Management , Quinolizines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Spinal Cord , Metabolism , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1279-1282, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327704

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between both regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES)-403G/A,-28C/G gene polymorphism and the susceptibilities to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection,among people with Dong and Han ethnicities,in Guizhou.Methods A total of 229 individuals with HBV persistence infection,161 HBV clearanced patients and another 200 controls were recruited to conduct a case-control study among residents with Dong or Han ethnicities.Allelic frequencies of both RANTES-403G/A and-28C/G were identified by TaqMan-MGB probe.Results Both RANTES-403G/A and-28C/G polymorphism in the HBV-persistent group,when compared to the HBV-clearances group,no significant difference was found (P>0.05).Results from the univariate analysis showed that subjects carrying-403AG and-28GG genotype had higher risk on the susceptibility to HBV persistence infection.The distributions of RANTES-28C/G gene polymorphism between Dong minority and Han ethnicities regarding HBV persistence showed statistically significant difference (P<0.05).There was no difference on the distributions of RANTES-403G/A gene polymorphism between Dong minority and Han ethnicities.Conclnsion Patients that carrying both RANTES-403AG and-28GG genotype had higher risk on the persistence to HBV,while RANTES-403A had contributed to the clearance of HBV infection.

14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 203-206, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347960

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the viral pathogens of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) in hospitalized children from East Guangdong Province of China and the relationship of the pathogens with age and seasons.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The nasopharyngeal aspirates samples obtained from 345 hospitalized children with ALRTI were investigated for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV), influenza virus types A and B, rhinovirus, parainfluenza virus types 1 and 3 and adenovirus by PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Viral pathogens were detected in 178 patients (51.6%). RSV was the most frequent (19.3%). Novel viruses hMPV (3.2%) and HBoV (3.2%) were found. A highest detection rate (61.9%) of virus was found between January to March. The infants aged 1 to 6 months showed a higher detection rate (71.3%) of virus than the other age groups. The detection rate of viral pathogens was 72.6% in children with bronchiolitis, followed by asthmatic bronchitis (70.0%) and bronchial pneumonia (44.6%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RSV remained the leading viral pathogens in children with ALRTI in East Guangdong of China. Novel viruses HBoV and hMPV were also important pathogens. The detection rate of viral pathogens was associated with seasonal changes and age. Different respiratory infectious diseases had different viral detection rates, with highest detection rate in bronchiolitis cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acute Disease , Adenoviridae , Child, Hospitalized , Metapneumovirus , Nasopharynx , Virology , Orthomyxoviridae , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Tract Infections , Virology , Rhinovirus , Seasons
15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 445-446, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397400

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy of endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation(EPBD)for bile duct stones.Methods Four hundred and six patients with bile duct stones who had been treated by ERCP from January 2000 to December 2000 were divided into EST group(n=205)and EPBD group(n=201)according to the admission time.The differences upon incidences of early and long-term complications,clearance rate of bile duct stones between the 2 groups were detected.Results There was no significant difierence upon the incidence of early complications.clearance rate of bile duct stones and incidence of pancreatitis between the 2 groups(χ2=0.540.0.058.0.010,P>0.05).The incidence of eholecystitis and recurrence rate of bile duet stones in EST group were significantly higher than those in EPBD group(χ2=4.002,4.263,P<0.05).Conclusions The incidence of cholecystitis and recurrence rate of bile duct stones after patients being treated by EPBD are significandy lower than EST.EPBD is superior to EST in protecting the sphincter of Oddi.

16.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; (12)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577041

ABSTRACT

0.05).Conclusions:1.The acute rise in FFAs level for a short term can inhibit ACTH and cortisol secretion in healthy male adults,but with prolonged FFA elevation this inhibition last less than 24 hours.2.The acute FFAs rise has no influence on ACTH or cortisol circadian rhythm.

17.
Traditional Chinese Drug Research & Clinical Pharmacology ; (6)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570803

ABSTRACT

Objective: The dynamic turbidimetry Limulus test was used to assay endotoxin content in Chuan Hu Ning injection. Methods: When the standardized endotoxin added in Chuan Hu Ning injection sample (Lot.No.000409) and in its 40-fold dilution, 80-fold dilution, 120-fold dilution and 200-fold dilution , the recovery was 0 %, 21.18 %, 76.69 %, 101.1 %and 117.8 %and as the standardized endotoxin added in the three batches of 200-fold dilution of Chuan Hu Ning injection (Lot.No.000408?000409?001023), the recovery was 110.5 %, 124.4 %and 87.98 %. Results: As standardized endotoxin concentration being 5.00, 0.500, 0.0500Eu/mL , the 200-fold dilution of Chuan Hu Ning injection is effective to eliminate the interference in the test. Conclusion: The dynamic turbidimetry Limulus test provides a new way for the determination of endotoxin in Chuan Hu Ning injection.

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