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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927940

ABSTRACT

A content determination method based on ~1H-qNMR was developed for the determination of total ginsenosides in Shenmai Injection. The parameters were optimized with CD_3OD as the solvent, dimethyl terephthalate as the internal standard, the peak at δ 8.11 as the internal standard peak, and the peaks at δ 1.68 and δ 0.79 as quantitative peaks of total ginsenosides. The developed ~1H-qNMR-based method was validated methodologically. The results showed that the method could achieve accurate measurement of total ginsenosides in Shenmai Injection in the range of 0.167 6-3.091 1 mmol·L~(-1). The developed ~1H-qNMR-based method for total ginsenosides is simple in operation, short in analysis time, strong in specificity, independent of accompanying standard curve, and small in sample volume, which can serve as a reliable mean for the quality control of Shenmai Injection. This study is expected to provide new ideas for the development of quantification methods of total ginsenosides.


Subject(s)
Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides/analysis , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927939

ABSTRACT

Shenmai Injection is a Chinese medicinal injection prepared from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra and Ophiopogonis Radix, which is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment and adjuvant therapy of cardiovascular diseases with significant pharmacological effects. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(~1H-NMR) has the advantages of simple and nondestructive sample pretreatment, fast analysis, abundant chemical information, quantification and no need to follow the standard curve. It is widely used in the analysis and research of complex mixtures of traditional Chinese medicine, clinical blood and urine samples. In this study, the ~1H-NMR fingerprint of Shenmai Injection was established. Thirty-two chemical components were identified, including seven amino acids, eight small molecular organic acids, one alkaloid, four sugars, two nucleosides, seven saponins, and three other components. Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate analysis of variance(principal component analysis combined with hierarchical cluster analysis) were applied based on the ~1H-NMR fingerprint to evaluate the quality consistency. The results showed high-quality consistency of 82 batches of Shenmai Injection. This study confirms that the ~1H-NMR fingerprint has great potential in the application of quality control of Chinese medicinal injection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rhizome/chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927938

ABSTRACT

The present study established a quality evaluation method for ginsenoside reference substances based on quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance(qNMR) spectroscopy. ~1H-NMR spectra were collected on Bruker Avance Ⅲ 500 MHz NMR spectrometer equipped with a 5 mm BBO probe. The acquire parameters were set up as follows: pulse sequence of 30°, D_1=20 s, probe temperature= 303 K, and the scan number = 32. Dimethyl terephthalate, a high-quality ~1H-qNMR standard, was used as the internal standard and measured by the absolute quantitative method. Methyl peaks of comparatively good sensitivity were selected for quantification, and linear fitting deconvolution was adopted to improve the accuracy of integration results. The qNMR spectroscopy-based method was established and validated, which was then used for the quality evaluation of ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, ginsenoside Rd, and notoginsenoside R_1. The results suggested that the content of these ginsenoside reference standards obtained from the qNMR spectroscopy-based method was lower than that detected by the normalization method in HPLC provided by the manufacturers. In conclusion, the qNMR spectroscopy-based method can ensure the quality of ginsenoside reference substances and provide powerful support for the accurate quality evaluation of Chinese medicine and its preparations. The qNMR spectroscopy-based method is simple, rapid, and accurate, which can be developed for the quantitative assay of Chinese medicine standard references.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Ginsenosides/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Reference Standards
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927937

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal injection, made of active components extracted from Chinese medicine or Chinese medicinal compound, is a novel dosage form of Chinese patent medicine in China and is pivotal in the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) industry. The quality control standard of Chinese medicinal injection determines its safety and efficacy. The quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance(qNMR) spectroscopy is a non-targeted, non-invasive, and non-destructive technique with high reproducibility, short measurement time, convenient sample preparation, a broad range of linearity, and no requirement on the reference substance of tested components, which is advantageous as compared with traditional chromatographic methods, and it can provide information about the molecular composition of the tested samples. Therefore, in light of multiple challenges in the quality control of Chinese medicinal injection, such as complex composition, difficulties in quantitative analysis, and the shortage of reference substances, the application of qNMR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics techniques was proposed for the quality evaluation of Chinese medicine reference substances, Chinese medicinal injection, and intermediates in the production process, as well as for the stability analysis of Chinese medicinal injection. This study is expected to provide references for the application of qNMR spectroscopy in the quality control of Chinese medicinal injection.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827973

ABSTRACT

A rapid analysis method based on ultraviolet-visual(UV-Vis) spectroscopy, near infrared(NIR) spectroscopy and multivariable data analysis was established for quality evaluation of Shengxuebao Mixture. The contents of eight active ingredients of Shengxuebao Mixture including albiflorin, paeoniflorin, 2, 3, 5, 4'-tetra-hydroxy-stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, specnuezhenide,ecliptasaponin D, emodin, calycosin-7-glucoside and astragaloside Ⅳ were simultaneously detected by using this method. HPLC-UV-MS was used as a reference method for determining the contents of these ingredients. Partial least squares(PLS) analysis was implemented as a linear method for multivariate models calibrated between UV spectrum/NIR spectrum and contents of 8 ingredients. Finally, the performance of the model was evaluated by 24 batches of test samples. The results showed that both UV-Vis and NIR models gave a good calibration ability with an R~2 value above 0.9, and the prediction ability was also satisfactory, with an R~2 value higher than 0.83 for UV-Vis model and higher than 0.79 for NIR model. The overall results demonstrate that the established method is accurate, robust and fast, therefore, it can be used for rapid quality evaluation of Shengxuebao Mixture.


Subject(s)
Calibration , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Least-Squares Analysis , Mass Spectrometry , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the morphological characteristics of Echinostoma miyagawai in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and to explore the feasibility of the cytochrome oxidase subunit-1 (Cox1) gene as a molecular marker for the identification of E. miyagawai. Methods E. miyagawai was isolated from free-ranged domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the parasites were stained and identified. In addition, the mitochondrial Cox1 gene of E. miyagawai was amplified using a PCR assay, and the amplification product was sequenced and aligned with the GenBank database to yield the homology for the identification of parasite species in combination with morphological findings. Intra-species comparison was done based on the Cox1 gene sequence. Results The prevalence of E. miyagawai infection was 16.67% in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the adult E. miyagawai was 6.6 to 13.2 mm in length. The size of the E. miyagawai Cox1 gene was approximately 660 bp, which had a 99.68% homology to the E. miyagawai accessed in GenBank. The morphological findings were in agreement with molecular identification. Conclusion E. miyagawai infection is common in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the mitochondrial Cox1 gene is a feasible marker of intra- and inter-species molecular identification of Echinostoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804951

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the antigenicity and genetic characterization of influenza B virus HA gene in B/Victoria-lineage virus (BV) in Beijing during 2017-2018.@*Methods@#Thirty BV virus strains isolated from MDCK cell culture by 17 laboratories in Beijing were collected. The antigenicity was analyzed by comparing with the vaccine strain recommended by WHO. The total viral nucleic acid was extracted and HA gene was amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by HA and mutant sites were analyzed.@*Results@#Among 30 strains of BV, 23 strains (76.7%) were low-reactive strains, other 7 strains (23.3%) were related to the vaccine. The phylogenetic analysis showed that the HA gene of all 30 strains located in Clade 1A branch. In addition, amino acid mutations occurred in 8 sites, and 6 of them located in the antigen determining region.@*Conclusions@#There was a correlation between the high proportion of low-reactive antigenicity and 6 aa variation in antigenic determinants involved in HA region of BV influenza virus between 2017-2018, which provides an important laboratory basis for the recommendation of BV influenza vaccine.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776569

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of EGR1 gene and the localization of EGR1 protein in bovine skeletal muscle-derived satellite cells (MDSCs), as well as to investigate the mechanism that EGR1 protein enters the nucleus.@*METHODS@#Bovine MDSCs were cultured in differentiation medium for 1 day, 3 days and 5 days, respectively, and each group was triplicate. The expression of EGR1 gene and the localization of EGR1 protein were studied at different differentiation period in MDSCs by qRT-PC and Western blot. Moreover, the changes on the expression of endogenous EGR1 gene and EGR1 proteins were explored by CRISPRi, site-directed mutagenesis and laser confocal method.@*RESULTS@#The results from the qRT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expressions of EGR1 gene on transcription level and translation level were significantly higher in differentiated cells than those in undifferentiated cells. The highest expression was found on the third day after the differentiation, and then began to decline. Immunofluorescence assays showed that EGR1 proteins were preferentially expressed in differentiated MDSCs, and increased along with the increase of number of myotubes. Confocal observation revealed that some EGR1 proteins were transferred into the nucleus in the differentiation of cells, however, the EGR1 proteins would not be detected in the differentiated MDSCs nuclei if a site directed mutagenesis (serine) on EGR1 protein occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#During the differentiation of bovine skeletal muscle satellite cells, the transcriptional level of EGR1 gene is increased, and some EGR1 proteins are transferred into the nucleus. The serine phosphorylation at position 533 of the C terminal of EGR1 protein is necessary for the nucleus transfer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cell Differentiation , Cell Nucleus , Cells, Cultured , Early Growth Response Protein 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal , Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle , Metabolism
9.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (3): 763-768
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-198659

ABSTRACT

To analyze the content change of the nephrotoxic substances, aristolochic acid derivates [AAs] in the roots of Aristolochia debilis and the products generated from the solid-state fermentation of six different medicinal fungi by HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS, the chromatographic separation was carried out on C18 column at 30 degree C with the DAD detector. The elution was performed using the mobile phase of acetonitrile [A] and 0.2% acetic acid [B]. Several new peaks were found in the scale of 0-20 min elution of HPLC diagram in the fermentation products. The ESI-MS detection [negative ion mode] was carried out by post-column flow splitting method following the automatic injection. Seven AAs in the fermentation products and A. debilis were deduced, which were recognized as AAIa or IIIa [1], AAVIa [2], AAIVa, Va, VIIa or VIIIa [3]; AAII [4]; AAIII [5]; AAI [6]; AAIV or VII [7]. The areas of almost all these seven components existing originally in the corresponding crude drug decreased after the fermentation process, suggesting that fermentation is an effective way of lowering the nephrotoxicity induced by AAs in Chinese medicines similar with A. debilis. In addition, Optimized HPLC-MS method is helpful to AAs content identification

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 712-721, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687744

ABSTRACT

Pichia pastoris is a versatile protein expression system. At present, the expression plasmids are integrated plasmids whereas the episomal plasmids are rarely used. In this study, the autonomously replicating sequence derived from yeast itself was ligated into the integrative expression vector pGAP to generate an autonomously replicative expression vector pGAPZαA-PARS. When the vector was used to express the xylanase (XynA) gene in P. pastoris, the highest enzyme activity reached 343 U/mL with glycerol as the carbon source, which was 45.9% higher than that of the integrative expression. At the same time, the specific enzyme activity of XynA was increased by 81.2%. We further studied the expression level of recombinant strains with different carbon sources such as glycerol, glucose, sucrose and mixed carbon source (sucrose︰glycerol=1︰2). The highest expression level was achieved with glycerol and the lowest with sucrose. The episomal expression vector pGAPZαA-PARS greatly promotes the application of P. pastoris in the food industry because GAP promoter does not require methanol as induction material. Meanwhile, the episomal vector can greatly improve the expression level, which lays the foundation for further research to improve the high expression of GAP promoter.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1375-1380, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738155

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of super-antigen (SAg) of group A Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS),isolated from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections in Beijing between 2015-2017.Methods Throat swab specimens from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections were collected and tested for GAS.Eleven currently known SAg genes including SpeA,speC,speG,speH,speI,speJ,speK,speL,speM,smeZ and ssa were tested by real-time PCR while M protein genes (emm genes) were amplified and sequenced by PCR.Results A total of 377 GAS were isolated from 6 801 throat swab specimens,with the positive rate as 5.5%.There were obvious changes noticed among speC,speG,speH and speK in three years.A total of 45 SAg genes profiles were observed,according to the SAgs inclusion.There were significant differences appeared in the frequencies among two of the highest SAg genes profiles between emml and emml2 strains (x2=38.196,P<0.001;x 2=72.310,P<0.001).There also appeared significant differences in the frequencies of speA,speH,speI and speJ between emm 1 and emm 12 strains (x2 =146.154,P< 0.001;x2=52.31,P<0.001;x2=58.43,P<0.001;x2=144.70,P<0.001).Conclusions Obvious changes were noticed among SAg genes including speC,speG,speH and speK from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections in Beijing between 2015-2017.SAg genes including speA,speH,speI and speJ appeared to be associated with the emm 1 and emm 12 strains.More kinds of SAg genes profiles were isolated form GAS but with no significant differences seen in the main SAg genes profiles,during the epidemic period.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1375-1380, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736687

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of super-antigen (SAg) of group A Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS),isolated from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections in Beijing between 2015-2017.Methods Throat swab specimens from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections were collected and tested for GAS.Eleven currently known SAg genes including SpeA,speC,speG,speH,speI,speJ,speK,speL,speM,smeZ and ssa were tested by real-time PCR while M protein genes (emm genes) were amplified and sequenced by PCR.Results A total of 377 GAS were isolated from 6 801 throat swab specimens,with the positive rate as 5.5%.There were obvious changes noticed among speC,speG,speH and speK in three years.A total of 45 SAg genes profiles were observed,according to the SAgs inclusion.There were significant differences appeared in the frequencies among two of the highest SAg genes profiles between emml and emml2 strains (x2=38.196,P<0.001;x 2=72.310,P<0.001).There also appeared significant differences in the frequencies of speA,speH,speI and speJ between emm 1 and emm 12 strains (x2 =146.154,P< 0.001;x2=52.31,P<0.001;x2=58.43,P<0.001;x2=144.70,P<0.001).Conclusions Obvious changes were noticed among SAg genes including speC,speG,speH and speK from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections in Beijing between 2015-2017.SAg genes including speA,speH,speI and speJ appeared to be associated with the emm 1 and emm 12 strains.More kinds of SAg genes profiles were isolated form GAS but with no significant differences seen in the main SAg genes profiles,during the epidemic period.

13.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 403-406,411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association between the level of plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/Kexin 9 (PCSK9) with incidence and severity of calcified aortic valve disease(CAVD).Methods:We prospectively recruited 120 CAVD patients with at least increased echo density and 40 control patients by transthoracic echocardiography.All patients were grouped by CT quantitative scoring system:aortic valve calcification (AVC)1,2,3 and 4.Calcium score of aortic valve were calculated.Total cholesterol (TC),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),triglyceride (TG), carrying lipoprotein A1 (apo A1) and apolipoprotein B (apo B),lipoprotein (a) {LP (a)} and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were detected by biochemical analyzer.Plasma PCSK9 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The re-lationship between AVC and plasma PCSK9 level,blood lipid,Apo A1,Apo B and hsCRP was analyzed.Results:The data indicated that Apo,B Lp(a) and LDL-C levels in AVC2-4 level was significantly higher than that of AVC1(P<0.05),while TG,APO,A1 HDL-C and hsCRP were not different significantly in the four groups.The levels of TC in group AVC3 and AVC4 were significantly higher than those in group AVC1(P<0.05).At the same time,the patients of grade AVC2-4 have higher level of plasma PCSK9 than patients of group AVC1(P<0.05).Correlation analysis was performed and aortic valve calcium score were significantly correlated with TC (r=0.248,P=0.026),LDL-C (r=0.222,P=0.048),Lp(a) (r=0.276,P=0.013),Apo A1(r=0.245,P=0.012),Apo B(r=0.212, P=0.019) and PCSK9(r=0.309,P=0.005) in all study subjects.PCSK9 was positively correlated with TC,LDL,LP (a),Apo A1, Apo,and no correlation with hsCRP (B).Conclusion:The level of PCSK9 in CAVD patients was significantly higher than that in control group.And there is an association of PCSK9 levels with the presence of CAVD,however.

14.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 41-47, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700919

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of metabolites in serum of paroxysmal patients with atrial fibrillation based on metabonomics.Methods The metabolites of serum in 15 patients with atrial fibrillation (case group) and 20 healthy subjects (control group) were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) group.The metabolic profile difference in the two groups was analyzed and compared by orthogonal design method (OPLS).Results The metabolic profile of the control and case groups was significantly distinguished,and 29 statistically significant differences metabolites were identified using commercially available metabolite libraries (such as the Wiley and NIST mass pools) and the standard metabolite library established in our laboratory,The areas under the ROC curve of 29 metabolites were calculated.The area under the curve of glycerol was 0.937,the area under the serine curve was 0.853,the area under the curve of aspartic acid was 0.933,the area of threonine was 0.823,the area of tryptophan was 1.Conclusion There exist differences in serum of sma] l molecular metabolites between patients with atrial fibrillation and normal healthy people.Glycerol,serine,aspartic acid,threonine and tryptophan of serum in patients with atrial fibrillation may be biomarkers of diagnosis of atrial fibrillation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775351

ABSTRACT

In this study, the HPLC-UV-MS method for the simultaneous determination of eight active ingredients of Shengxuebao Mixture were developed based on the concept of quality by design(QbD)with a stepwise optimization approach. After the analytical target profile(ATP)had been defined, albiflorin, paeoniflorin, 2, 3, 5, 4'-tetra-hydroxy-stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, specnuezhenide, ecliptasaponin D, emodin, calycosin-7-glucoside, and astragaloside Ⅳ were identified as the indicator components. The resolution and the signal-to-noise ratio of indicator components were then selected as critical method attributes (CMA) for the first step optimization. According to the results collected from fractional factorial design, critical method parameters (CMP) were determined with a multiple linear regression method, which included the amount of acid addition in the mobile phase, temperature, gradient, and wavelength. After that, the amount of acid addition and the wavelength were optimized to improve the resolution and the signal-to-noise ratio of the indicator components. The peak symmetry factors of specnuezhenide and emodin were then set as CMA for the second step optimization. The Box-Behnken designed experiments were conducted. The temperature and gradient were optimized after modelling. The design space were calculated and verified. The optimized analytical method was validated, and the results showed a good precision, accuracy and stability, which means that it can be used for the quantification of the indicator components in Shengxuebao Mixture.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Phytochemicals , Reproducibility of Results
16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 947-950, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607664

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate MRI patterns of functional connectivity(FC)in different brain areas of the subthalamic nucleus (STN)in Parkinson's Disease (PD)and its correlation with cognition.Methods We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the difference in whole-brain resting-state FC of STN between 32 patients with PD during the medicatiom ON state and 25 healthy control group(HC)matched for age,gender,and cognition,and examine the correlation between functional connectivity strength and montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA)scores.Results Compared with HC,the PD group showed increased FC in the right lingual gyrus of the left STN and the right STN showed decreased FC in the left superior frontal gyrus and the supplementary motor area(t=4.29,-3.61,and-3.83,respectively,each P < 0.05),while the right STN showed only decreased FC in the right bilateral cingulate gyrus and the precuneus(t=-4.44,4.29,and-4.30,respectively,each P< 0.05).In addition,PD patients' connectivity strength between RSTN and the bilateral precuneus was positively correlated with MoCA scores(t =0.58 and 0.57,respectively,each P<0.05).Conclusions Compared with HC,PD patients exhibit decreased FC between RSTN and the precuneus,with FC strength positively correlated with MOCA scores.The cognitive decline caused by deep brain stimulation in STN may be related to injuries of the precuneus.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 17-23, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509150

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changed brain areas of functional connectivity ( FC ) patterns of subthalamic nucleus ( STN) between different subtypes of Parkinson′s disease ( PD) and healthy controls and their clinical significance .Methods Twenty-three PD patients and 12 health controls were enrolled, and PD patients were divided into 11 tremor dominant PD patients and 12 postural instability and gait disorder (PIGD) dominant PD patients.The difference of whole-brain resting-state FC with STN among the three groups was investigated and the relationship between the changed areas and clinical symptoms was calculated.Results Compared with healthy controls , PIGD dominant group showed increased FC between STN and right calcarine and decreased FC between STN and right precuneus , and tremor dominant PD patients showed decreased FC between STN and precuneus , right angular gyrus and left middle frontal gyrus , while the FC strength between the STN and left middle frontal gyrus showed positive relationship with MMSE scores ( r=0.64, P=0.034 ) .Compared with tremor dominant PD patients , PIGD dominant patients showed increased FC in the area of left calcarine .Conclusions Decreased FC between STN and precuneus was gained in different subtypes of PD , and PIGD dominant patients showed increased FC between STN and calcarine.Changed areas based on the FC of STN in different subtypes of PD were found related with cognition and mood control .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the influenza infection rate among severe acute respiratory infection(SARI) cases and the hospitalization rates of SARI attributable to influenza, based on two sentinel hospital surveillance databases in Beijing, 2015.@*Methods@#Surveillance was conducted at two sentinel hospitals in Beijing in 2015. A total of 1 842 patients who admitted to the sentinel hospitals and met the definition of SARI were enrolled in the study. The respiratory tract specimens of SARI cases were collected, and sent to laboratories within 48 hours for influenza RNA detection. The catchment area of sentinel hospitals was defined by reviewing the home address of inpatients; A total of 1 491 patients were sampled and tested for influenza. The population size of catchment areas was obtained from demographic year book. We investigated the number of pneumonia patients admitted to the sentinel hospitals and other hospitals in catchment areas in 2015, and calculated the proportions of pneumonia patients that were admitted to sentinel hospitals in catchment areas. The catchment population size was calculated using the number of total population of catchment areas multiply by the proportions of pneumonia patients that were admitted at sentinel hospitals.@*Results@#Among 1 491 patients, 13.7% (205 cases) was test positive for influenza viruses, 2 (0.9%) cases positive for influenza A (H1N1), 91 (44.6%) cases influenza A (H3N2), 1 (0.5%) case influenza B/Victoria, 111 (54.0%) cases influenza B/Yamagata. Influenza was associated with an estimated 30 (95%CI:9-51) SARI hospitalizations per 100 000 during 2015. The hospitalization rate was 243 (95%CI: 232-255), 86 (95%CI: 59-112),1(95%CI: 0-5), 8 (95%CI: 0-23) and 92 (95%CI: 16-168) SARI hospitalizations per 100 000 population for<5 years children, 5-14 years children, 15-24 years adult, 25-59 years adult and ≥60 years population, respectively. The hospitalization rate of SARI attributed to influenza A and B was 14 (95%CI:4-17) and 16 (95%CI:0-23) per 100 000 population, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The influenza positive rate among SARI cases was relatively high. The hospitalization burden of SARI attributed to influenza was the greatest in children under 5 year-old.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668109

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility,safety and effectiveness of endovascular angioplasty with covered stent and embolization with spring coil in treating ruptured femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (FAP) associated with bleeding caused by injection of addictive drug.Methods The clinical data of 32 patients with ruptured FAP complicated by bleeding caused by injection of addictive drug,who were admitted to authors' hospital during the period from July 2012 to December 2015,were retrospectively analyzed.The average age of the patients was 36.5 years old,among them 25 patients were male (78.1%).Results Successful hemostasis was achieved in all 32 patients.The technical success rate of endovascular therapy was 100%,and no death occurred during perioperative period.Endovascular repair with covered stent was carried out in 25 patients (78.1%),embolization of femoral profound artery with spring coil in 9 patients (9.4%),and covered stent implantation together with embolization of femoral profound artery in 4 patients (12.5%).The patients were followed up for a mean of (17.5±11.6) months,with a follow-up rate being 93.8% (30/32).The 3-year cumulative stent patency rate was 90.9%,and the 3-year overall survival rate was 91.3%.Conclusion For the treatment of ruptured FAP complicated by bleeding caused by injection of addictive drug,endovascular treatment is safe and effective with satisfactory mid-term clinical effect.This technique helps win the valuable time for critically ill patients to receive two-stage surgical debridement and vascular repair,as two-stage thorough debridement is an important means to control infection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664868

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the genetic distribution of group A streptococcus progeny(GAS)isolated from children with re-spiratory tract infection in Beijing in 2015.Methods The throat swabs were collected from children with clinical diagnosis of scarlet fever and pharyngeal infection during May to July,2015.16 pediatric outpatient departments or pediatric emergency department of hospitals located in 16 districts of Beijing were enrolled in this study.PCR amplification and gene sequencing were employed.The encoding mature M protein gene(emm)distribution in different condition was compared and analyzed.Results A total of 247 GAS were isolated,including 73(29.6%,73/247)isolates from cases with scarlet fever and 174(70.4%,174/247)isolates from cases with pharyngeal infection.Among all isolates,six genotypes of emm were identified,including emm12(53.4%,132/247),emm1(44. 1%,109/247)and others(emm22,emm75,emm131 and emm241,2.5%,6/247).The significant difference of emm distribution with age was observed in this study:emm1 isolates were dominant in children aged 6-12,whereas emm12 isolates were dominant in chil-dren aged 1-5(P<0.05).While the emm distribution showed no significant difference in groups with different location,gender,and disease pattern(P>0.05).Conclusion Emm1 and emm12 were the circulating genotype of GAS in Beijing children,2015.Moreo-ver,the difference of distribution between emm1 and emm12 was proved in this study.

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