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1.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 517-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986061

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the concentrations of glyphosate and its metabolites in occupational exposed workers and their possible effects on human health, so as to provide a reference for improving the safe use of glyphosate and toxicity research. Methods: From April to December 2020, 247 workers directly exposed to glyphosate in 5 enterprises were selected as the contact group, and 237 workers who were not exposed to glyphosate and other pesticides in the same enterprise were selected as the control group. Questionnaire survey and occupational health examination were conducted on objects, and the concentrations of glyphosate and its metabolites in the air of workplaces and biological samples were detected. The correlation between the concentrations and the difference of health examination between the two groups were analyzed. Results: The urine glyphosate concentration (0.022-47.668 mg/L), the rate of exceeding the standard (60.32%, 149/247) and the urine aminomethyl phosphonic acid concentration (<0.010-1.624 mg/L) in the contact group were higher than those in the control group [urine glyphosate concentration (<0.020-4.482 mg/L), the rate of exceeding the standard (2.53%, 6/237) and the urine aminomethyl phosphonic acid concentration (<0.010-0.524 mg/L) ], respectively (P<0.001). The exceeding standard rate of glyphosate concentration in the workplace was 33.67% (33/98). The concentration of glyphosate in the workplace was positively correlated with the concentrations of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in urine (r(s)=0.804, 0.238, P<0.001), and the concentration of glyphosate in urine was positively correlated with the concentration of aminomethylphosphonic acid in urine (r(s)=0.549, P<0.001). The alanine aminotransferase (ALT), white cell ratio, creatinine, uric acid, the abnormal rates of ALT and total protein (TP) in the contact group were higher than those in the control group, and TP was lower than that in the control group, the differences were statistically different (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of overall liver function, overall renal function, blood routine test, urine routine test, electrocardiogram, liver B ultrasound and blood lipid in the contact group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The concentration of glyphosate in the workplace is related to the concentrations of glyphosate and aminomethyl phosphonic acid in the urine of workers, and exposure to glyphosate may have some harmful effects on human health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Health Status
2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 360-364,369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in the assessment of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:598 patients diagnosed with AP admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University between January 2016 and December 2020 were recruited and divided into severe acute pancreatitis group (SAP group, n=57) and non-severe acute pancreatitis group (non SAP group, n=541) according to the Atlanta Classification (2012 revision). General clinical data and related biochemical indicators of all enrolled patients were collected, and Bedside Index of Acute Pancreatitis Severity (BISAP) score, Ranson score and CT Severity Index (CTSI) score were performed. The risk factors of SAP were analyzed by logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the evaluation value of AIP and various scoring systems on the severity of pancreatitis. Results:The AIP, white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil count (NEUT), fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum total cholesterol (TC) level, proportion of hyperlipidemia, proportion of diabetes, Ranson score, BISAP score, CTSI score of patients in SAP group were higher than those in non SAP group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that AIP was an independent risk factor for SAP ( P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the are under the curve (AUC) of SAP predicted by AIP was 0.706(95% CI: 0.631-0.782, P<0.001). Conclusions:AIP is an independent risk factor for SAP, which helps to assess the severity of AP.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2766-2769, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of tigecycline on coagulation function in patients with severe renal insufficiency, and to provide a reference for safe clinical drug use. METHODS Retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of patients with severe renal dysfunction complicated with infection receiving tigecycline admitted to nephrology department of our hospital from January 2021 to October 2022. The levels of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), platelet (PLT) and fibrinogen (FIB) were compared 3 days before medication, with 1-5, 6-10, 11-15 and 16-20 days after medication, 5 days after withdrawal and/or after symptomatic treatment. RESULTS Finally, 14 patients were included, and 9 patients developed coagulopathy, with an incidence of 64.29%. Compared with 3 days after medication, the levels of FIB at 6-10 and 11-15 days after medication, and PLT at 1-5 , 6-10 and 11- 15 days after medication were decreased significantly, while the levels of PT at 1-5 and 6-10 days after medication, APTT at 1-5, 6-10 and 11-15 days after medication were significantly prolonged, and INR increased significantly at 1-5 and 6-10 days after medication (P<0.05). Compared with 3 days before medication, there were no statistically significant changes in FIB, PT, INR, APTT and PLT at 16-20 days after medication and 5 days after withdrawal and/or symptomatic treatment(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Patients with severe renal insufficiency should be cautious with tigecycline, which can lead to prolonged PT and APTT, increased INR, and decreased PLT and FIB. If medication time is over 14 days, dynamic monitoring of coagulation function indicators is recommended to reduce the risk of adverse reactions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 619-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the phylogenetic and antigenic characteristics of hemagglutinin (HA) gene of influenza B/Victoria lineage (BV) viruses in Beijing during the 2021-2022 influenza surveillance season, and to analyze whether the circulating BV viruses match the vaccine strain.Methods:Pharyngeal swab specimens from influenza like-illness (ILI) cases in the 2021-2022 influenza surveillance season were collected from surveillance network labs in Beijing and cultured in MDCK cells and chicken embryo to isolate BV viruses. Nucleic acids of the viruses were extracted, and the HA gene was amplified and sequenced. The nucleotide and amino acid sequence identity of the HA gene was analyzed using MEGA5.0 software. A phylogenetic tree of HA gene was constructed using the maximum likelihood method. The N-glycosylation sites in HA were predicted online. Three-dimensional structure of HA was constructed using SWISS-MODEL homologous modeling. Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test was performed to analyze the antigenicity of BV viruses.Results:A total of 402 BV viruses were collected and 58 strains with full-length HA gene sequences were chosen for further analysis. Compared with the HA gene of this year′s vaccine strain (B/Washington/02/2019), there were 27 amino acid mutations, 11 of which were located in four different antigenic determinants. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that three subgroups of 1A.3, 1A.3a1, and 1A.3a2 co-circulated in Beijing with 54 strains (54/58, 93.10%) clustered to the Clade 1A.3a2, two strains (2/58, 3.45%) clustered to the Clade 1A.3a1, and two strains (2/58, 3.45%) in the same subgroup (Clade 1A.3) as the vaccine component BV strain in 2021-2022. Compared with the vaccine strain (B/Washington/02/2019), two BV strains had an additional N-glycosylation site at residue 197, while the other 56 strains showed no change in N-glycosylation sites. Antigenic analysis showed that 35 BV strains (35/58, 60.34%) were antigenically similar to the vaccine strain and 23 strains (23/58, 39.66%) were low-response strains.Conclusions:Three subgroups of BV viruses co-circulated in Beijing during the 2021-2022 influenza surveillance season. The predominant subgroup was Clade 1A.3a2 (93.10%), showing a certain genetic distance with the vaccine strain (B/Washington/02/2019). Nearly 40% (39.66%) of the viruses were low-response strains. This study indicated that continuous monitoring of the variations of influenza epidemic strains and timely providing laboratory basis for screening vaccine component strains were the basic technical guarantee for coping with influenza pandemic.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 587-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927940

ABSTRACT

A content determination method based on ~1H-qNMR was developed for the determination of total ginsenosides in Shenmai Injection. The parameters were optimized with CD_3OD as the solvent, dimethyl terephthalate as the internal standard, the peak at δ 8.11 as the internal standard peak, and the peaks at δ 1.68 and δ 0.79 as quantitative peaks of total ginsenosides. The developed ~1H-qNMR-based method was validated methodologically. The results showed that the method could achieve accurate measurement of total ginsenosides in Shenmai Injection in the range of 0.167 6-3.091 1 mmol·L~(-1). The developed ~1H-qNMR-based method for total ginsenosides is simple in operation, short in analysis time, strong in specificity, independent of accompanying standard curve, and small in sample volume, which can serve as a reliable mean for the quality control of Shenmai Injection. This study is expected to provide new ideas for the development of quantification methods of total ginsenosides.


Subject(s)
Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides/analysis , Quality Control
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 581-586, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927939

ABSTRACT

Shenmai Injection is a Chinese medicinal injection prepared from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra and Ophiopogonis Radix, which is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment and adjuvant therapy of cardiovascular diseases with significant pharmacological effects. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(~1H-NMR) has the advantages of simple and nondestructive sample pretreatment, fast analysis, abundant chemical information, quantification and no need to follow the standard curve. It is widely used in the analysis and research of complex mixtures of traditional Chinese medicine, clinical blood and urine samples. In this study, the ~1H-NMR fingerprint of Shenmai Injection was established. Thirty-two chemical components were identified, including seven amino acids, eight small molecular organic acids, one alkaloid, four sugars, two nucleosides, seven saponins, and three other components. Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate analysis of variance(principal component analysis combined with hierarchical cluster analysis) were applied based on the ~1H-NMR fingerprint to evaluate the quality consistency. The results showed high-quality consistency of 82 batches of Shenmai Injection. This study confirms that the ~1H-NMR fingerprint has great potential in the application of quality control of Chinese medicinal injection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rhizome/chemistry
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 575-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927938

ABSTRACT

The present study established a quality evaluation method for ginsenoside reference substances based on quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance(qNMR) spectroscopy. ~1H-NMR spectra were collected on Bruker Avance Ⅲ 500 MHz NMR spectrometer equipped with a 5 mm BBO probe. The acquire parameters were set up as follows: pulse sequence of 30°, D_1=20 s, probe temperature= 303 K, and the scan number = 32. Dimethyl terephthalate, a high-quality ~1H-qNMR standard, was used as the internal standard and measured by the absolute quantitative method. Methyl peaks of comparatively good sensitivity were selected for quantification, and linear fitting deconvolution was adopted to improve the accuracy of integration results. The qNMR spectroscopy-based method was established and validated, which was then used for the quality evaluation of ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, ginsenoside Rd, and notoginsenoside R_1. The results suggested that the content of these ginsenoside reference standards obtained from the qNMR spectroscopy-based method was lower than that detected by the normalization method in HPLC provided by the manufacturers. In conclusion, the qNMR spectroscopy-based method can ensure the quality of ginsenoside reference substances and provide powerful support for the accurate quality evaluation of Chinese medicine and its preparations. The qNMR spectroscopy-based method is simple, rapid, and accurate, which can be developed for the quantitative assay of Chinese medicine standard references.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Ginsenosides/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Reference Standards
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 569-574, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927937

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal injection, made of active components extracted from Chinese medicine or Chinese medicinal compound, is a novel dosage form of Chinese patent medicine in China and is pivotal in the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) industry. The quality control standard of Chinese medicinal injection determines its safety and efficacy. The quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance(qNMR) spectroscopy is a non-targeted, non-invasive, and non-destructive technique with high reproducibility, short measurement time, convenient sample preparation, a broad range of linearity, and no requirement on the reference substance of tested components, which is advantageous as compared with traditional chromatographic methods, and it can provide information about the molecular composition of the tested samples. Therefore, in light of multiple challenges in the quality control of Chinese medicinal injection, such as complex composition, difficulties in quantitative analysis, and the shortage of reference substances, the application of qNMR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics techniques was proposed for the quality evaluation of Chinese medicine reference substances, Chinese medicinal injection, and intermediates in the production process, as well as for the stability analysis of Chinese medicinal injection. This study is expected to provide references for the application of qNMR spectroscopy in the quality control of Chinese medicinal injection.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 478-482, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935414

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of imported COVID-19 cases and the effect of vaccination on virus load and disease severity of the cases in Beijing. Methods: The data of the imported COVID-19 cases in Beijing were collected from the National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System of China Information for Disease Control and Prevention and Epidemiology investigation. The data were processed and analyzed by Excel 2010 and SPSS 22.0. Results: From June 1 to September 30, 2021, a total of 171 imported COVID-19 cases were reported in Beijing, of which 66.67% (114/171) were asymptomatic. The cases were mainly from the Philippines, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation, accounting for 67.84% (116/171). The male to female ratio of the cases was 2∶1 (114∶57). The median age M (Q1, Q3) of the cases was 28 (23, 36) years. The cases of Chinese accounted for 80.12% (137/171). The sequencing of the whole genome of the virus in 47 imported COVID-19 cases showed that the proportion of Delta variant was 76.60% (36/47). The COVID-19 vaccination coverage rate in the cases was 60.82% (104/171), but the full vaccination coverage rate was 53.80% (92/171). In the imported COVID-19 cases, 13.53% (23/170) were screened to be SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive on the day when they arrived in Beijing, and all the cases were positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid within 28 days. The severity of the disease was higher in the unvaccinated group than in the partially vaccinated group and fully vaccinated group (P<0.001). In the unvaccinated group, there were 1 severe case and 1 critical case. The median Ct values M (Q1, Q3) of N gene and ORFlab gene in unvaccinated group were 32.51 (23.23, 36.06) and 32.78 (24.00, 36.38), respectively. There was no significant difference in the median of double-gene Ct value between the partially vaccinated group and the fully vaccinated group. Conclusions: During the study period, most of the imported COVID-19 cases in Beijing were asymptomatic. No matter vaccinated or not, the viral loads in the COVID-19 cases were similar, but the vaccination could reduce the severity of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Beijing , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines , Nucleic Acids , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 557-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of Ganhai Weikang capsule (GWC) in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel, multi-center, superiority clinical trial was conducted. From March 2018 to April 2020, totally 324 patients with dyspepsia symptoms, who were diagnosed as chronic non-atrophic gastritis by endoscopy and pathology and met the Rome Ⅳ diagnostic criteria for FD from 7 top hospitals were enrolled, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Shanghai Changhai Hospital), Heilongjiang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Capital Medical University and the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The patients were randomly divided into the GWC group and the placebo group according to the ratio of 1∶1. The patients of GWC group were given GWC and the patients of placebo group were given GWC capsule simulant. The patients of both groups orally took capsules before meals, 2.4 g each time and 3 times per day, and the course of treatment was 4 weeks. The main efficacy index was the total clinical effective rate after 4 weeks, and the secondary efficacy index was the changes of clinical symptom scores of upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety. The safety index included laboratory tests and adverse events. Chi-square test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 320 FD patients were enrolled in the full analysis set (FAS), which included 161 cases in GWC group and 159 cases in placebo group. A total of 298 cases were in the per-protocol set (PPS), 149 cases each in GWC group and placebo group. The results of FAS and PPS both showed that the total clinical effective rates of the GWC group were higher than those of the placebo group (84.5%, 136/161 vs. 44.0%, 70/159 and 83.9%, 125/149 vs. 46.3%, 69/149), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=57.07 and 46.32, both P<0.001). In addition, the differences of the total score of main symptoms and each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety) before and after treatment of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (FAS: 10 (7, 14) vs. 5 (3, 11); 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (0, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 3); 3 (1, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 3). PPS: 10 (7, 13) vs. 5 (3, 11); 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (0, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 2); 3 (1, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs.1 (0, 3)), and the differences were statistically significant (FAS: Z=5.80, 5.91, 3.19, 3.72 and 3.30; PPS: Z=5.14, 5.11, 2.86, 3.21 and 2.84; all P<0.01). The results of FAS and PPS indicated that the improvement rates of main symptoms and each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety) of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (FAS: 77.8% (54.6%, 91.3%) vs. 42.9% (28.6%, 61.5%); 100.0% (60.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 60.0%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 71.4% (33.3%, 100.0%) vs. 41.4% (25.0%, 66.7%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (20.0%, 100.0%). PPS: 77.8% (54.2%, 89.5%) vs. 44.0% (28.6%, 65.0%); 100.0% (60.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 71.4% (33.3%, 100.0%) vs. 46.4% (25.0%, 66.7%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (20.0%, 100.0%)), and the differences were statistically significant (FAS: Z=8.60, 7.72, 4.98, 4.24 and 5.61; PPS: Z=7.90, 7.03, 4.49, 3.88 and 4.83; all P<0.001). After 2 weeks of treatment, the differences of the total score of main symptoms and score of each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning and early satiety) before and after treatment of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (5.0 (3.0, 8.0) vs. 4.0 (2.0, 6.0); 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) vs. 2.0 (0.0, 2.0); 1.5 (0.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 2.0); 1.5 (0.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 2.0)), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.95, 3.44, 2.43 and 2.79, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the GWC group and the placebo group (0.6%, 1/163 vs. 0, 0/159). Conclusion:The clinical total effective rate of GWC in the treatment of FD is superior to that of placebo and it has good safety.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940462

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the active ingredients, therapeutic targets, and relative signaling pathways of Tripterygium wilfordii in the treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) based on network pharmacology, and to verify the mechanism through in vitro cell model. MethodThe active ingredients of T. wilfordii were screened from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). The targets of TNBC were obtained from DisGeNET and GeneCards. Venny was used to identify the potential therapeutic targets of T. wilfordii against TNBC. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with String database. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were carried out with DAVID to predict the mechanisms of potential targets. The molecular docking between triptolide and key targets were performed with AutoDock Vina. The effect of triptolide (0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 nmol·L-1) on the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells was determined through methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The effect of triptolide (0, 12.5, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) on the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells was detected with Hoechst 33342 staining. Western blot was performed to detect the effect of triptolide (0, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) on the expression levels of key targets. ResultT. wilfordii had 23 active ingredients related to 55 potential targets of TNBC. GO and KEGG enrichment revealed that the potential targets were associated with 103 biological processes, 15 cellular components, and 35 molecular functions, and were involved in 140 signaling pathways including atherosclerosis and apoptosis. The results of molecular docking demonstrated that triptolide could bind with the targets including threonine kinase 1 (Akt1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cellular tumor antigen p53 (p53), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), and Caspase-3. According to the results of MTT assay, triptolide (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80 nmol·L-1) inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells compared with blank control (P<0.05, P<0.01). Hoechst 33342 staining showed that triptolide (12, 25, 50 nmol·L-1) induced the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells compared with black control (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot showcased that 50 nmol·L-1 triptolide down-regulated the relative expression levels of p-Akt, TNF-α, and VEGFA, while 25 and 50 nmol·L-1 triptolide up-regulated the relative expression level of p53 in a dose-dependent manner compared with the blank control (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionT. wilfordii has multiple ingredients, targets, and pathways in the treatment of TNBC. It may regulate p53, VEGFA, TNF-α and other key targets to induce cell apoptosis and suppress angiogenesis and inflammatory response, which provides a scientific basis for the further investigation and clinical application of T. wilfordii.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 577-582, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965682

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To discuss the shielding calculation method for proton therapy room, and to provide a scientific basis for shielding design of proton therapy room and improvement of existing national standards. <b>Methods</b> Using the calculation formula and key characteristic parameters from national standards and Chinese and foreign literature, combining with the FLUKA Monte Carlo method, empirical formula calculation and Monte Carlo simulation were conducted for the neutron ambient dose equivalent rates of the focuses outside the shielding of proton therapy room. The estimation results of the two methods were analyzed. <b>Results</b> Relative to the calculation results of the single exponential formula in the two directions of 0° and 50° in the beam loss point of divergence slit (0.13 and 12.4), the calculation results of the double exponential formula (0.40 and 17.9) were more consistent with the Monte Carlo simulation results (0.32 ± 0.19 and 18.2 ± 4.98). The Monte Carlo simulation results of copper target and nickel target were similar, suggesting that the key characteristic parameters of concrete shielding for copper target could be well applied to the calculation of nickel target, but the neutron ambient dose equivalent rates were underestimated when applied to tantalum target, with a difference of 5.7 times and 1.3 times in the two directions of 0° and 40°, respectively. <b>Conclusion</b> The dose rate estimates based on the calculation formula and key characteristic parameters from Chinese and foreign literature are consistent with FLUKA simulation results, and this method can be used in the shielding design of proton therapy room as a supplement and improvement to the existing national standards.

14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 626-632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942935

ABSTRACT

Objective: Due to its various anatomical variations and numerous branches, the gastrocolic vein trunk (Henle trunk) is the most common site to develop bleeding and other complications in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for colon cancer. This study aims to investigate the role of ileocolic vein (ICV) joining with Henle trunk, a rare anatomical variation. Methods: A rare case whose ICV was newly found to involve in the formation of Henle trunk during laparoscopic resection of right hemicolon cancer was reported as right gastroepiploic vein+ right colic vein+superior right colic vein+ICV. This anatomical variation was confirmed by multi-slice spiral CT coronal two-dimensional reconstruction of right hemicolon angiography. The literatures about ICV participating in formation of Henle trunk were systematically searched from PubMed, The Cochran Library, CNKI net and Wanfang database, and the occurrence probability and composition of its anatomical variation were analyzed. Results: This was a 47-year-old female patient who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. When the vessels were dissected during operation, it was found that ICV did not accompany the ileocolic artery, but directly flowed into Henle trunk. Two-dimensional reconstructed CT images of right hemicolon vessels showed that the composition of Henle trunk was rarely varied, which was composed of right gastroepiploic vein, right colonic vein, superior right colonic vein and ICV. Five literatures were enrolled from literature retrieval. A total of 12 cases with ICV participating in the construction of Henle trunk were reported, with a probability of 0.27%-6.31% and 6 forms of the formation of Henle trunk. In this case, Henle trunk was made up of right gastroepiploic vein, right colonic vein, upper right colonic vein and ICV, which was reported for the first time. Conclusions: ICV involving in Henle trunk is a rare vascular variation, and this type of variation should be fully recognized. Careful dissection during operation is necessary to prevent intraoperative bleeding caused by improper operation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anatomic Variation , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Mesenteric Veins
15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 191-194, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the morphological characteristics of Echinostoma miyagawai in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and to explore the feasibility of the cytochrome oxidase subunit-1 (Cox1) gene as a molecular marker for the identification of E. miyagawai. Methods E. miyagawai was isolated from free-ranged domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the parasites were stained and identified. In addition, the mitochondrial Cox1 gene of E. miyagawai was amplified using a PCR assay, and the amplification product was sequenced and aligned with the GenBank database to yield the homology for the identification of parasite species in combination with morphological findings. Intra-species comparison was done based on the Cox1 gene sequence. Results The prevalence of E. miyagawai infection was 16.67% in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the adult E. miyagawai was 6.6 to 13.2 mm in length. The size of the E. miyagawai Cox1 gene was approximately 660 bp, which had a 99.68% homology to the E. miyagawai accessed in GenBank. The morphological findings were in agreement with molecular identification. Conclusion E. miyagawai infection is common in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the mitochondrial Cox1 gene is a feasible marker of intra- and inter-species molecular identification of Echinostoma.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2115-2121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827973

ABSTRACT

A rapid analysis method based on ultraviolet-visual(UV-Vis) spectroscopy, near infrared(NIR) spectroscopy and multivariable data analysis was established for quality evaluation of Shengxuebao Mixture. The contents of eight active ingredients of Shengxuebao Mixture including albiflorin, paeoniflorin, 2, 3, 5, 4'-tetra-hydroxy-stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, specnuezhenide,ecliptasaponin D, emodin, calycosin-7-glucoside and astragaloside Ⅳ were simultaneously detected by using this method. HPLC-UV-MS was used as a reference method for determining the contents of these ingredients. Partial least squares(PLS) analysis was implemented as a linear method for multivariate models calibrated between UV spectrum/NIR spectrum and contents of 8 ingredients. Finally, the performance of the model was evaluated by 24 batches of test samples. The results showed that both UV-Vis and NIR models gave a good calibration ability with an R~2 value above 0.9, and the prediction ability was also satisfactory, with an R~2 value higher than 0.83 for UV-Vis model and higher than 0.79 for NIR model. The overall results demonstrate that the established method is accurate, robust and fast, therefore, it can be used for rapid quality evaluation of Shengxuebao Mixture.


Subject(s)
Calibration , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Least-Squares Analysis , Mass Spectrometry , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 337-341, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804951

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the antigenicity and genetic characterization of influenza B virus HA gene in B/Victoria-lineage virus (BV) in Beijing during 2017-2018.@*Methods@#Thirty BV virus strains isolated from MDCK cell culture by 17 laboratories in Beijing were collected. The antigenicity was analyzed by comparing with the vaccine strain recommended by WHO. The total viral nucleic acid was extracted and HA gene was amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by HA and mutant sites were analyzed.@*Results@#Among 30 strains of BV, 23 strains (76.7%) were low-reactive strains, other 7 strains (23.3%) were related to the vaccine. The phylogenetic analysis showed that the HA gene of all 30 strains located in Clade 1A branch. In addition, amino acid mutations occurred in 8 sites, and 6 of them located in the antigen determining region.@*Conclusions@#There was a correlation between the high proportion of low-reactive antigenicity and 6 aa variation in antigenic determinants involved in HA region of BV influenza virus between 2017-2018, which provides an important laboratory basis for the recommendation of BV influenza vaccine.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 5-8, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776569

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of EGR1 gene and the localization of EGR1 protein in bovine skeletal muscle-derived satellite cells (MDSCs), as well as to investigate the mechanism that EGR1 protein enters the nucleus.@*METHODS@#Bovine MDSCs were cultured in differentiation medium for 1 day, 3 days and 5 days, respectively, and each group was triplicate. The expression of EGR1 gene and the localization of EGR1 protein were studied at different differentiation period in MDSCs by qRT-PC and Western blot. Moreover, the changes on the expression of endogenous EGR1 gene and EGR1 proteins were explored by CRISPRi, site-directed mutagenesis and laser confocal method.@*RESULTS@#The results from the qRT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expressions of EGR1 gene on transcription level and translation level were significantly higher in differentiated cells than those in undifferentiated cells. The highest expression was found on the third day after the differentiation, and then began to decline. Immunofluorescence assays showed that EGR1 proteins were preferentially expressed in differentiated MDSCs, and increased along with the increase of number of myotubes. Confocal observation revealed that some EGR1 proteins were transferred into the nucleus in the differentiation of cells, however, the EGR1 proteins would not be detected in the differentiated MDSCs nuclei if a site directed mutagenesis (serine) on EGR1 protein occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#During the differentiation of bovine skeletal muscle satellite cells, the transcriptional level of EGR1 gene is increased, and some EGR1 proteins are transferred into the nucleus. The serine phosphorylation at position 533 of the C terminal of EGR1 protein is necessary for the nucleus transfer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cell Differentiation , Cell Nucleus , Cells, Cultured , Early Growth Response Protein 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal , Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 403-406,411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association between the level of plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/Kexin 9 (PCSK9) with incidence and severity of calcified aortic valve disease(CAVD).Methods:We prospectively recruited 120 CAVD patients with at least increased echo density and 40 control patients by transthoracic echocardiography.All patients were grouped by CT quantitative scoring system:aortic valve calcification (AVC)1,2,3 and 4.Calcium score of aortic valve were calculated.Total cholesterol (TC),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),triglyceride (TG), carrying lipoprotein A1 (apo A1) and apolipoprotein B (apo B),lipoprotein (a) {LP (a)} and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were detected by biochemical analyzer.Plasma PCSK9 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The re-lationship between AVC and plasma PCSK9 level,blood lipid,Apo A1,Apo B and hsCRP was analyzed.Results:The data indicated that Apo,B Lp(a) and LDL-C levels in AVC2-4 level was significantly higher than that of AVC1(P<0.05),while TG,APO,A1 HDL-C and hsCRP were not different significantly in the four groups.The levels of TC in group AVC3 and AVC4 were significantly higher than those in group AVC1(P<0.05).At the same time,the patients of grade AVC2-4 have higher level of plasma PCSK9 than patients of group AVC1(P<0.05).Correlation analysis was performed and aortic valve calcium score were significantly correlated with TC (r=0.248,P=0.026),LDL-C (r=0.222,P=0.048),Lp(a) (r=0.276,P=0.013),Apo A1(r=0.245,P=0.012),Apo B(r=0.212, P=0.019) and PCSK9(r=0.309,P=0.005) in all study subjects.PCSK9 was positively correlated with TC,LDL,LP (a),Apo A1, Apo,and no correlation with hsCRP (B).Conclusion:The level of PCSK9 in CAVD patients was significantly higher than that in control group.And there is an association of PCSK9 levels with the presence of CAVD,however.

20.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 41-47, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700919

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of metabolites in serum of paroxysmal patients with atrial fibrillation based on metabonomics.Methods The metabolites of serum in 15 patients with atrial fibrillation (case group) and 20 healthy subjects (control group) were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) group.The metabolic profile difference in the two groups was analyzed and compared by orthogonal design method (OPLS).Results The metabolic profile of the control and case groups was significantly distinguished,and 29 statistically significant differences metabolites were identified using commercially available metabolite libraries (such as the Wiley and NIST mass pools) and the standard metabolite library established in our laboratory,The areas under the ROC curve of 29 metabolites were calculated.The area under the curve of glycerol was 0.937,the area under the serine curve was 0.853,the area under the curve of aspartic acid was 0.933,the area of threonine was 0.823,the area of tryptophan was 1.Conclusion There exist differences in serum of sma] l molecular metabolites between patients with atrial fibrillation and normal healthy people.Glycerol,serine,aspartic acid,threonine and tryptophan of serum in patients with atrial fibrillation may be biomarkers of diagnosis of atrial fibrillation.

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