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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 676-681, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884938

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by the co-existence of obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia and other metabolic disorders.At present, the incidence of metabolic syndrome is increasing year by year.Metabolic syndrome is more common among the elderly, seriously threatening the quality of life in the elderly.Tea, as one of the most popular beverages in the world, has been found to have effects on lowering the levels of blood pressure, blood glucose and lipid and so on.This review summarizes the effects and possible mechanisms of tea drinking on metabolic syndrome and its components in the elderly.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Numerous studies have concentrated on high-dose radiation exposed accidentally or through therapy, and few involve low-dose occupational exposure, to investigate the correlation between low-dose ionizing radiation and changing hematological parameters among medical workers.@*METHODS@#Using a prospective cohort study design, we collected health examination reports and personal dose monitoring data from medical workers and used Poisson regression and restricted cubic spline models to assess the correlation between changing hematological parameters and cumulative radiation dose and determine the dose-response relationship.@*RESULTS@#We observed that changing platelet of 1265 medical workers followed up was statistically different among the cumulative dose groups (P = 0.010). Although the linear trend tested was not statistically significant (P@*CONCLUSION@#We concluded that although the exposure dose was below the limit, medical workers exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation for a short period of time might have increased first and then decreased platelets, and there was a dose-response relationship between the cumulative radiation dose and platelets changing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Platelets/radiation effects , Female , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Radiation Dosage , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation, Ionizing , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782035

ABSTRACT

@#Relative/absolute adrenal insufficiency is not uncommmon in the patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. However, this complication was rarely reported due to its unspecific clinical presentations and the unawareness of ICU physicians and cardiac surgeons. However, this puts them on a higher risk of hemodynamic instability and cardiovascular adverse events during hospitalization. Systematic reviews concentrated on it are rarely reported currently. We aim to review the etiology, risk factors, potential pathogenesis and related research progress for this complication.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of birth weight discordance in dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twins.Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed 1 757 cases of DCDA twin pregnancies from 11 Chinese hospitals from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017. Birth weight discordance was defined as ≥ 20% difference between the twins. All cases were divided into two groups: the concordant group ( n=1 520) and discordant group ( n=237). General information was compared and the high-risk factors of birth weight discordance were analyzed. Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, and logistic regression analysis were used as statistical methods. Results:Compared with the concordant group, the discordant group showed a higher incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy [24.5% (58/237) vs 12.8% (194/1 520), χ2=22.882, P<0.05], fetal structural malformations [4.2% (10/237) vs 1.0% (15/1 520), χ2=15.160, P<0.05], fetal distress [6.3% (15/237) vs 1.4% (21/1 520), χ2=22.602, P<0.05], umbilical cord abnormalities [3.8% (9/237) vs 1.2% (18/1 520), χ2=7.607, P<0.05] and abnormal placental cord insertion [3.8% (9/237) vs 1.4% (21/1 520), χ2=34.904, P<0.05], but lower incidence of premature rupture of membranes [11.0% (26/237) vs 16.5% (250/1 520), χ2=4.645, P=0.034]. Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors of birth weight discordance in DCDA twins were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy ( OR=2.258, 95% CI: 1.620-3.184, P<0.001), fetal structural malformations ( OR=4.268, 95% CI: 1.892-9.631, P<0.001), umbilical cord abnormalities ( OR=2.889, 95% CI: 1.245-6.705, P=0.014) and abnormal placental cord insertion ( OR=2.318, 95% CI: 1.012-5.311, P=0.047). Conclusions:Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, fetal structural malformations, umbilical cord abnormalities and abnormal placental cord insertion may be the risk factors of birth weight discordance in DCDA twins.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the material basis and molecular mechanism of Liu-He-Dan (LHD) in treating acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:Active chemical components of LHD, their corresponding targets and related AP pathogenic genes were searched and selected in the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) and disease information related databases (OMIM, DisGeNET, HPO, and NCBI), respectively. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) was analyzed through the STRING database. Enrichment analysis on those targets was performed by using CPBD and STRING databases to examine the function and pathway involved in the treatment of AP by active chemical components of LHD. Finally, " Chinese medicinal materials-active chemical components-targets-pathways" network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.6.0.Results:Network analysis showed that a total of 111 active chemical components of LHD were correlated with 39 targets of AP. The gene ontology functional enrichment analysis of 39 targets by CPBD and STRING databases obtained 575 enrichment results of biological process, 49 results of molecular function and 26 results of cellular components; Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis obtained 46 enrichment results involved in pancreatic secretion, bile secretion, RRAR signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism and calcium signaling.Conclusions:The molecular mechanism of LHD in the treatment of AP by multiple components, multiple targets and multi-signaling pathways was preliminarily determined, which provides a basis for further analysis on active chemical components of LHD and molecular function.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879301

ABSTRACT

We present a 29-year-old woman with pT2N0M0 breast cancer, histological diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma, ER and PR low positive, and HER-2 (3+). The patient developed trastuzumab-induced thrombocytopenia in 6 hours after an intravenous infusion of trastuzumab at the second cycle of trastuzumab treatment with the symptom of abnormal uterine bleeding. Laboratory exam revealed a sharp drop of platelet count down to 3×10

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of early weight-bearing on the appropriate population with intertrochanteric fracture after surgery. Methods:From April, 2017 to December, 2018, a total of 45 patients with Evans-Jensen type II intertrochanteric fracture and fracture reduction as positive medial cortex support (PMCS) after proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) fixation were randomly divided into control group (n = 22) and experimental group (n = 23). Weight-bearing as tolerated (WBAT) was initiated from six weeks after surgery in the control group, and within 48 h after surgery in the experimental group. The frequency of WBAT in two groups increased gradually from three times a day for ten minutes a time to five times a day for 20 minutes a time until clinical healing of fracture. The length of stay, hospital cost, the fracture healing time and the complication incidence were compared between two groups, as well as the scores of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Harris Hip Score at six weeks, three months and six months after surgery. Results:Compared with the control group, the length of stay was shorter (t = 3.716, P < 0.01), the hospital cost was lower, but no significant difference was found (t = 1.540, P > 0.05), and the fracture healing time was shorter (t = 6.248, P < 0.001) in the experimental group. The complication incidence was lower in the experimental group, but there was no significant difference (χ2= 2.198, P > 0.05). Six weeks, three months and six months after surgery, there was no significant difference in the score of VAS between two groups (t < 1.330, P > 0.05). The score of Harris Hip Score was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group six weeks after surgery (t = -5.115, P < 0.001), however, no significant difference was found in other time points (|t| < 1.799, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Early weight-bearing within 48 h after PFNA fixation for Evans-Jensen type II intertrochanteric fractures and reduction with PMCS could shorten the length of stay, shorten the bony healing time and promote early recovery of hip function.

8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 246-258, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914816

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Effective predictors of the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) are still insufficient. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of serum lipid profiles for the response to NAC in breast cancer patients. @*Methods@#A total of 533 breast cancer patients who had received NAC were retrospectively studied. The pretreatment of serum lipids, including total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and lipoprotein-α, and clinicopathological characteristics were collected to assess their predictive roles. @*Results@#Breast cancer patients had significantly lower TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C levels than normal individuals. Among these indicators, TG and LDL-C levels and HDL-C level increased and decreased significantly after NAC, respectively. In estrogen receptor (ER)-positive patients, increased LDL-C level was associated with better outcomes. Moreover, the receiver operating characteristic curve analyses suggested that TG and HDL-C levels at diagnosis can be used as predictors of the response to NAC only in the ER-positive subgroup.According to univariate analyses, patients with low TG level (< 1.155 mmol/L) or high HDL-C level (≥ 1.305 mmol/L) in the ER-positive subgroup had more favorable clinical responses than the other patients in the subgroup. Furthermore, according to multivariate analyses, a high HDL-C level (≥ 1.305 mmol/L, p = 0.007) was an independent predictor of NAC efficacy. @*Conclusion@#High HDL-C level (≥ 1.305 mmol/L) before NAC and increased LDL-C level after NAC were associated with the better treatment response in ER-positive breast cancer patients.These results are potentially considered beneficial in establishing treatment decisions.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1416-1423, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the IL-7R gene mutation and clinical features of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#One hundred sixty-four cases of newly treated adults with ALL from May 2016 to December 2018 were selected. Targeted and specific next-generation sequencing technology was used to detected a total of 16 types of Ph-like ALL mutations, which include IL-7R mutation, and the cilinical features, rate, types and sites of IL-7R were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#IL-7R mutation was determined in 10 cases of 164 adult patients with ALL and the total mutation frequency was 13 times (6.1%). Out of 10 cases 5 cases were male (50%), 5 cases were female (50%). 6 cases of B-ALL ( 60% ) and 4 cases of T-ALL (40%). The mutation site of all cases was located at exon 6, among which 6 cases had replacement mutations, 3 cases had deletion mutations and 4 cases had insertion mutations. In addition, 1 triple and 1 double mutation of IL-7R were found. Besides, six mutation sites were newly identified, including: c.720_724del, c.723_726del, c.721_722insAGTG, c.727_728insTAACGGCCCCCTGCT, c.727_728insATGCAGGGAGCGAA and c.728_729insAAGTGTCA.@*CONCLUSION@#Six novel mutation sites and a poor manifestation of IL-7R have been explored in this research. Thus more samples are required to study the effects of IL-7R mutation on ALL treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Interleukin-7 Receptor alpha Subunit , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Signal Transduction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750303

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effect of 3D simulation technique in thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods    From June 2015 to January 2018, 124 patients with left lower lobe resection underwent thoracoscopy with single-port thoracoscopic surgery, including 64 males and 60 females, aged 42–83 years. They were randomly divided into two groups including an experimental group (preoperatively given 3D simulation surgery in 59 patients) and a control group (preoperatively not given 3D simulation surgery in 65 patients). The clinical effect between the two groups was compared. Results    All patients recovered without any death during hospitalization. In the experimental group, the operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative hospital stay were significantly less than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative drainage volume, and duration of drainage tube retention and analgesic drug usage between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    3D simulation technique for thoracoscopic lobectomy has advantage in short operation time, minor trauma and quick recovery. It has a guiding role in the preoperative planning of lung cancer surgery and is worthy of popularization and application.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 115-120, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745218

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the recognition and knowledge of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) related male infertility through investigation for MRI characteristics of this disease. Methods Fourteen patients confirmed with ADPKD related obstructive azoospermia were retrospectively analyzed. All patients referred to clinic with male infertility, and obstructive azoospermia were additionally confirmed by laboratory tests and clinical examination. Subsequent abdominopelvic MR examinations were performed to comfirm obstructive factors and obstructive location. All patients were performed an abdominopelvic MR examination including non-enhanced and enhanced MR. MR imaging characteristics were analyzed and summarized by two experienced radiologists. Results MRI results for all cases were classified into 4 groups:10 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 2 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 1 case with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and absence of bilateral seminal vesicles, 1 case with bilateral cystic kidneys, bilateral seminal vesicle cysts as well as Müllerian duct cyst. A wide range of coronal T2WI scan was necessary to observe cystic lesions in both liver and bilateral kidneys as well as abnormal changes in pelvis. The obstructive sites in all cases were located in level from ejaculatory duct to seminal vesicle. Bilateral seminal vesicle cysts presented as significantly dilated glandular ducts of seminal vesicles, in which flocculence or nodular sediment can be found. Conclusion Male infertility caused by ADPKD-related deferential duct obstrution is characterized by bilateral polycystic kidney disease and Seminal vesicle ejaculatory duct obstruction in MRI, which can be combined with other abnormalities.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2464-2468, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778967

ABSTRACT

Postcholecystectomy syndrome (PCS) is a common syndrome with complex etiologies after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, rather than a specific disease. In addition to bile duct stones, bile duct injury, and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, PCS is also associated with the abnormalities in bile acid pool, farnesoid X receptor, and GPBAR1/TGR5 pathways after surgery, reductions in fibroblast growth factor 19 and surfactant protein D, changes in gastrointestinal hormones such as motilin and cholecystokinin, and disappearance of various physiological reflexes and nerve reflexes involving the gallbladder. All these changes in physiological function can induce PCS. As the number of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy is increasing year by year, the incidence rate of PCS is also increasing. This article briefly summarizes the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of PCS.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706248

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore prenatal MRI findings of fetal midline dural sinus malformation(DSM).Methods Eleven fetuses of midline DSM were collected.Abnormalities in the fetal occipital or cerebellar area were found from 21 to 27 weeks of gestation.Then MR scanning in the following week was performed.Of all 11 fetuses,9 were pathologically proved to be midline DSM,and the other 2 were followed up and proved after birth.The imaging findings and pathological features were analyzed.Results MRI of 11 fetuses showed cystic dilation of the occipital cranium of torcular herophili area,with the size of 10 mm× 15 mm to 35 mm× 55 mm,and the adjacent sinuses were also dilated.On axial or coronal images,the lesions were cuneiform,while on sagittal images,the lesions were spindle-or crescent-shaped.The lesions displayed isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T1WI,while slightly hypointensity,isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T2WI.In 9 of the 11 fetuses,class round or bar thrombosis on the side wall of the cystic mass were observed,which were hyperintensity on T1WI and isointensity and hypointensity,isointensity or hyperintensity on T2WI.Hemosiderin deposition was observed around the thrombi in 6 fetuses.Lesion diameters in 2 fetuses were more than 30 mm,and the adjacent brain tissue was significantly dislocated.Nine fetuses of postmortem pathology after induced labor showed deformed and dilated venous sinuses,in which eccentric thrombi were seen in 7 fetuses with side branches around them.Normal brain development was observed in 2 live birth newborns.Conclusion Prenatal MRI can accurately diagnose fetal midline dural sinus malformation,and estimate the development of fetal brain,which may be helpful to prognosis prediction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698559

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells can be amplified rapidly in vitro and collected by a minimally invasive method. Recent studies have suggested that synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells have become an important kind of seed cells for bone tissue engineering. Osteogenic differentiation is required to be optimized prior to the application of synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells in the bone regeneration. OBJECTIVE: To describe a protocol to generate osteoblast-lineage cells from human synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells of the temporomandibular joint using a cocktail that includes glutamax, dexamethasone, β-glycerophosphate, vitamin C, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and to investigate the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and dexamethasone on the osteogenic capacity of synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells. METHODS:Synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells from the human temporomandibular joint were expanded in vitro and cultured in different osteogenic induction media. The mineralization capacity of osteogenic differentiation was evaluated by alizarin red and Von kossa staining. And the osteogenic markers, including ALP, RUNX2 and OCN, were assessed by reverse transcription-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The mineralization formation increased greatly in the medium with 100 nmol/L dexamethasone and 10 nmol/L 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. The expression of ALP, RUNX2 and OCN was enhanced distinctly in the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-induced differentiated cells. These findings reveal that appropriate concentration of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and dexamethasone can be ideal ingredients to induce the osteogenic differentiation of human synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells of the temporomandibular joint. Thus, this effective condition can be used to induce the osteogenic differentiation of synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells for the bone regeneration in the temporomandibular joint.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666696

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an autosomal recessive or X-linked inherited disorder.The diagnosis of PCD is primarily based on clinical assessment accompanied with various supplementary methods,such as nasal nitric oxide (NO) examination,high-speed video microscopy,transmission electron microscopy and genetic tests.Some patients may fail to have a timely diagnosis resulted in delayed treatment since the devices and expertise limited in most medical centers.Recently,the use of immunofluorescence (IF) in PCD diagnosis is gaining acceptance within the clinical community.Specific antibodies against ciliary architecture are used in IF analyses to elucidate ciliary abnormality and are potentially important for early diagnosis of PCD.The present review summarizes the diagnostic methods of PCD with a focus on IF.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 911-917, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666593

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of tibial tuberosity osteotomy (TTO) combined with medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) with simple TTO in treatment of recurrent patella dislocation associated with patella alta.Methods From July 2010 to December 2015,50 patients with recurrent patella dislocation and patella alta were included in this study.There were 15 males and 35 females with an average age of 20.6 years.These patients received surgical treatment and their clinical data were collected and retrospectively analyzed by case-control study.According to surgical methods,patients were divided into TTO group (32 cases) and MPFLR + TTO group (18 cases).The differences between preoperative status and postoperative status were evaluated by knee function scores including Tegner,international knee documentation committee (IKDC),Kujala scores,knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS).Patellar stability was checked at the last follow-up visit.Results The TTO group and MPFLR + TTO group were followed up for (50.9 ± 17.8) months and (22.3± 10.1)months,respectively.Two patients occurred recurrent dislocation in TTO group,who showed positive in both extrapolation test and extrapolation apprehension test at 0°flexions of knee.All patients in MPFLR + TTO group did not occur recurrent dislocation,who showed negative in both extrapolation test and extrapolation apprehension test at 0° flexions of knee.There was no significant difference between preoperative and postoperative results in TTO group in Tegner score (P > 0.05),KOOS scores in pain and daily life activities subdomains (P > 0.05),while differences in the rest of scores were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Compared with TFO group,the differences of all scores were statistically significant (P < 0.05) and KOOS scores in the pain and daily life activities subdomains were significantly improved postoperatively in MPFLR + TTO group P <0.05).Conclusions For patients with recurrent patellar dislocation associated with patella alta,both surgical methods are found to be effective.Postoperative improvements in pain and daily life activities are less obvious in TTO.While postoperative improvements in pain and daily life activities in MPFLR + TTO are superior to those of TTO.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609422

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology in the identification of filamentous fungi,and analyze the susceptibility of filamentous fungi to commonly used antibiotics.Methods A total of 100 strains of filamentous fungi were collected and identified rapidly by MALDI-TOF MS.The obtained results were compared with those from microscopic examination.The susceptibility of filamentous fungi was detected by the Etest method.Results Among 100 strains of filamentous fungi identified by MALDI-TOF MS,61 reached to the species level(score≥2.000),36 to the genus level(score between 1.700 and 1.999),and 3 failed to be identified (score < 1.700).There was inconsistent results for one strain of filamentous fungi between MALDI-TOF MS and microscopic examination.The MIC90 of amphotericin B against Epidermophytonfloccosum was 0.19 μg/mL,while that against Aspergillus flavus was above 32 μg/mL.The MIC90 of itraconazole against Trichophyton tonsurans,Microsporum canis and Epidermophytonfloccosum were all below 0.38 μg/mL,while that against Aspergillus niger was above 32 μg/mL.The MIC90 of fluconazol were above 256 μg/mL for most of strains.The MIC90 of voriconazole and caspofungin against Aspergillus fumigatus,Aspergillus flavus,Aspergillus niger,Trichophyton rubrum,Trichophyton tonsurans and Microsporum canis were ≤0.38 μg/mL and ≤ 1 μg/mL,respectively.Conclusion The MALDI-TOF MS technology may be used to identify the filamentous fungi isolated from clinical specimens quickly,accurately and high-throughput.Voriconazole and caspofungin have effective anti-filamentous fungi activity.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607867

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK1/2) signaling pathway in enterovims 71 (EV71) infection.Methods The effects of different concentrations of SP600125 on the activity of human rhabdosarcoma (RD) cells were detected by trypanbalu staining.The levels of VP1 mRNA and protein in EV71-infected RD cells were detected by real time Q-PCR and western blot,respectively.The levels of total and phosphorylated JNK1/2,c-Fos and c-Jun protein were determined by western blot.Last,the effects of.JNK1/2 inhibitor SP600125 on EV71 replication and JNK1/2 signaling pathway were analyzed.Results The results of trypanbalu staining showed that 5 and 10 μmol/L of SP600125 didn't influence on the activity of RD cells (P > 0.05),while 20 μmol/L of SP600125 decreased the survival of RD cells significantly (P < 0.05).Compared with the control,the expression levels of VP1 mRNA and protein in EV71-infected RD cells decreased obviously at 8 hours post-infection (P <0.01).In addition,after RD cells were infected EV71,the levels of phosphorylated JNK1/2,c-Fos and c-Jun increased significantly (P < 0.05).However,the pretreatment of SP600125 decreased the phosphorylation levels of JNK1/2,c-Fos and c-Jun protein obviously (P < 0.05).Conclusion EV71 infection may effectively activate the JNK1/2 signaling pathway in RD cells,which may be related to EV71 replication.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750330

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the effect and mechanism of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on restenosis of the vein graft. Methods    Totally 90 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided a the control group, a vein graft group and an EGCG+vein graft group. At week 1, 2 and 4, the intimal and tunica thickness of the venous graft wall was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the expression of Ki-67 was assessed by immunohistochemistry analysis, and then the expression of hairy and enhancer of split-1 (HES1) was measured by Western blot assay. Results    At week 2, the intimal thickness (46.76±4.89 μm vs. 8.93±0.82 μm, 46.76±4.89 μm vs. 34.24±3.57 μm), tunica thickness (47.28±4.37 vs. 16.33±1.52 μm, 47.28±4.37 vs. 36.27±3.29 μm), positive cell rate of Ki-67 (21.59%±2.29% vs. 1.12%±0.22%, 21.59%±2.29%vs. 15.38%±1.30%), expression of HES1 respectively increased in the experimental group than those in the control group and the EGCG+vein graft group (P<0.05, respectively). At week 4, the intimal thickness (66.38±6.23 μm vs. 8.29±0.79 μm,   66.38±6.23 μm vs. 48.39±4.23 μm), tunica thickness (63.27±6.18 μm vs. 15.29±1.49 μm, 63.27±6.18 μm vs. 44.63±4.49 μm), positive cell rate of Ki-67 (33.19%±3.03% vs. 1.09%±0.19%, 33.19%±3.03% vs. 24.37%±2.73%), expression of HES1 increased in the experimental group than those in the control group and EGCG+vein graft group (P<0.05, respectively). Conclusion    EGCG may inhibite restenosis of vein graft by inhibiting Notch signal pathway.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307145

ABSTRACT

Lotus leaf (LL) is one of the traditional Chinese herbs which can be used for both pharmaceutical and food application, and it posses lipid regulating efficacy. To observe the effect of LL on experimental nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its potential mechanism, a NAFLD model was established by feeding SD rat with high-fat and high-glucose diet. LL was administrated to rats in experiment group at the same time. AST,ALT,Cr,BUN,GLU levels in serum were determined by automatic biochemical analyser and TNF-α,IL-6,INS,ADPN,LEP and liver NF-κB,TGF-β1 levels were determined by ELISA according to the specification of the kits. HE staining was applied for histopathological examination and RT-PCR,Western blot was applied for AdipoR2 mRNA and protein expression.Results have shown that LL could significantly decrease ALT,AST,IL-6 level in serum and NF-κB,TGF-β1 level in liver,promote adiponectin content in serum and AdipoR2 protein expression in liver and could alleviate hepatocyte lipid degeneration. These results indicating that LL has protective effect for NAFLD induced by high-fat and high-glucose diet via promoting AdipoR2 expression, improving insulin resistance and inhibiting inflammatory reaction.

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