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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 178-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the mechanism of Danpi-Chishao in treatment of sepsis based on network pharmacology.Methods:The corresponding targets of Danpi-Chishao and sepsis were carried out through TCMSP database, OMIM database and Genecards database. Cystoscope 3.8.2 software was used to construct the " Chinese medicine-active components-target-disease" network diagram. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were carried out by DAVID database. Weisheng cloud platform was used to draw bubble map.Results:A total of 36 effective components of Danpi-Chishao was obtained, mainly including quercetin, kaempferol, baicalin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, paeoniflorin and so on. There were 96 potential common key targets between Danpi-Chishao and sepsis, such as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), transcription factor p65 (RELA), phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PIK3CG), B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2)-associated X (BAX), BCL-2, Caspase-3 (CASP3) with a degree value>4.9. The result of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis showed that there were 10 important target proteins, including alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), CASP3, PTGS2, C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2). The pathways obtained by GO and KEGG enrichment analysis included atherosclerosis pathway, advanced glycation end products (AGE)-receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) signal pathway, cancer pathway, tumor necrosis factor signal pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway and other pathway.Conclusions:The mechanism of the intervention effect of Danpi-Chishao on sepsis may be that the active components such as quercetin, kaempferol, paeoniflorin act on target proteins such as PTGS2, RELA, PIK3CG, BAX, BCL2, CASP3, and through TNF-related signal pathway, HIF-1 signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway, etc. Nonetheless, the conclusion needs further experimental verification.

2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 505-512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942916

ABSTRACT

Objective: Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) was a very hot topic in the first few years since its appearance, but now more introspections and controversies on this procedure have emerged. One of the reasons why the Norwegian Ministry of Health stopped taTME was the high incidence of postoperative anastomotic leak. In current study, the incidence and risk factors of anastomotic leak after taTME were analyzed based on the data registered in the Chinese taTME Registry Collaborative (CTRC). Methods: A case-control study was carried out. Between November 15, 2017 and December 31, 2020, clinical data of 1668 patients undergoing taTME procedure registered in the CTRC database from 43 domestic centers were collected retrospectively. After excluding 98 cases without anastomosis and 109 cases without complete postoperative complication data, 1461 patients were finally enrolled for analysis. There were 1036 males (70.9%) and 425 females (29.1%) with mean age of (58.2±15.6) years and mean body mass index of (23.6±3.8) kg/m(2). Anastomotic leak was diagnosed and classified according to the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer (ISREC) criteria. The risk factors associated with postoperative anastomotic leak cases were analyzed. The impact of the cumulative number of taTME surgeries in a single center on the incidence of anastomotic leak was evaluated. As for those centers with the number of taTME surgery ≥ 40 cases, incidence of anastomic leak between 20 cases of taTME surgery in the early and later phases was compared. Results: Of 1461 patients undergoing taTME, 103(7.0%) developed anastomotic leak, including 71 (68.9%) males and 32 (31.1%) females with mean age of (59.0±13.9) years and mean body mass index of (24.5±5.7) kg/m(2). The mean distance between anastomosis site and anal verge was (2.6±1.4) cm. Thirty-nine cases (37.9%) were classified as ISREC grade A, 30 cases (29.1%) as grade B and 34 cases (33.0%) as grade C. Anastomotic leak occurred in 89 cases (7.0%,89/1263) in the laparoscopic taTME group and 14 cases (7.1%, 14/198) in the pure taTME group. Multivariate analysis showed that hand-sewn anastomosis (P=0.004) and the absence of defunctioning stoma (P=0.013) were independently associated with anastomotic leak after taTME. In the 16 centers (37.2%) which performed ≥ 30 taTME surgeries with cumulative number of 1317 taTME surgeries, 86 cases developed anastomotic leak (6.5%, 86/1317). And in the 27 centers which performed less than 30 taTME surgeries with cumulative number of 144 taTME surgeries, 17 cases developed anastomotic leak (11.8%, 17/144). There was significant difference between two kinds of center (χ(2)=5.513, P=0.019). Thirteen centers performed ≥ 40 taTME surgeries. In the early phase (the first 20 cases in each center), 29 cases (11.2%, 29/260) developed anastomotic leak, and in the later phase, 12 cases (4.6%, 12/260) developed anastomotic leak. The difference between the early phase and the later phase was statistically significant (χ(2)=7.652, P=0.006). Conclusion: The incidence of anastomotic leak after taTME may be reduced by using stapler and defunctioning stoma, or by accumulating experience.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 340-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876391

ABSTRACT

Dioxin, a persistent organic pollutant, is also a typical environmental endocrine disruptor.With its strong toxicity, it can persist in the environment and be enriched through the food chain.Therefore, it has attracted wide attention in recent years.In this paper, the pollution status of dioxins in the atmosphere is summarized, the risk of respiratory exposure to dioxins is introduced, the possible health effects of human exposure to dioxins are summarized, and suggestions for future control are put forward.In cities and functional areas with high dioxin concentration, long-term inhalation of pollutants has potential risks for people′s health and life span.It is suggested to carry out orderly classification of waste, track and monitor the health status of residents around the waste incinerator, and to establish relevant emission standards and limits, so as to gradually standardize and make the dioxin emission harmless.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 171-179, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate constituents containing phenolic hydroxyl or carboxylic acid (excluding diarylheptanoids) from Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair and single herb. Method:Multiple chromatographic separation techniques, including silica gel,MCI gel and Sephadex LH-20 gel, were employed to isolate and purify the compounds. Their structures were identified by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR),mass spectrometry (MS) and physicochemical properties. Constituents were quickly analyzed by UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn,and scanned in positive and negative ion modes. Result:These compounds were determined as trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(1),vanillic acid(2),protocatechuic acid(3),fumalic acid(4),succinic acid(5),succinic acid monomethyl ester(6),docosanoic acid(7),azelaic acid(8) and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde(9). Forty compounds were speculated by comparing mass spectrometry data,retention times of some compounds and reference materials,including 14 phenols and 26 organic acids. Among the compounds of herbal pair,8 phenols and 22 organic acids in Sparganii Rhizoma as well as 11 phenols and 13 organic acids in Curcumae Rhizoma were identified. Cleavage pathways of main compounds were described. Conclusion:There are abundant phenols and organic acids in Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair and single herb. The results enrich pharmacodynamic material basis of Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair.

5.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 48-51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667158

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the dynamic change of serum CXCL-12 in patients with different subtypes of acute ischemic stroke.Methods 141 patients with acute ischemic stroke from January 2014 to June 2016 were recruited to participate in the study as stroke group.According to TOAST classification,they were divided into LAA group (52 cases),SAO group (54 cases) and CE group (35 cases).60 healthy physical examination patients in Affiliated Hospitd of Yan'an University physical examination centre in same time were selected as control group.Serum CXCL-12 of stroke patients were detected at admission,3th day,7th day and 14th day after stroke.Results Compared with the control group,the serum CXCL-12 level at four different time during acute stage were higher in three subgroups.Serum CXCL-12 in patients of three stoke subgroups was significantly increase within 24 hour after stroke.And it would peak at 3th day.Then,the level of serum CXCL-12 began to fall.Multivariate Logistics analysis showed that serum CXCL-12 level in patients with three different stroke subgroups at 7th day after stroke was the risk factor of poor prognosis.Conclusion For the patients with different subtypes of acute ischemic stroke,the serum CXCL-12 levels increased significantly.Moreover,the high level of serum CXCL-12 may correlate with poor prognosis.

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 704-706, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of humanistic care on the quality of life and the negative emotion of patients with liver cancer operation. Methods: A total of 577 patients with liver cancer surgery were selected to participate in this study from January 2014 to December 2015 . From January 2014 to December 2014 , 288 cases of liver cancer patients were given routine nursing care as the control group. From January 2015 to December 2015, 289 patients were given humanistic care nursing as experimental group. The emotion of depression and anxiety were evaluated using Self-rating Depression Scale and Self-rating Anxiety Scale, the quality of life was evaluated with the core scale of life quality measurement system for cancer patients, while sleep quality with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results:Both depression and anxiety score of the subjects in experimental group were lower than those in the control group(P<0. 05). Physical function, cognitive function, social function, emotional function, role function, and overall health status of the subjects in the experimental group were higher than those in the con-trol group (P<0. 05), while pain, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, insomnia, diarrhea, loss of appetite, constipation, economic difficulties and other score were statistically lower than those in the control group (P<0. 05). The subjects′quality of life of in the experimental group was better than those in the control group(P<0 . 05 ) , but the sleep index score was lower in the experimental group ( P<0 . 05 ) . Conclusion: Humanistic care nursing can effectively reduce the negative emotions of patients with liver cancer surgery, and thus to improve the quality of life.

7.
J Biosci ; 2014 Jun; 39 (3): 505-512
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-161959

ABSTRACT

We report intracellular RET mutation in a Han Chinese pedigree with familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC). Direct sequencing of RET proto-oncogene identified a missense c.2671T>G (p.S891A) mutation in 6 of 14 family members. The single nucleotide polymorphisms c. 135A>G (p.A45A), IVS4+48A>G, c. 1296A>G (p.A432A), c. 2071G>A (p.G691S), c. 2307T>G (p.L769L) and a variant c. 833C>A (p.T278N) were also found in 6 carriers. Among 5 of the 6 carriers presented medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) as an isolated clinical phenotype, with elevated basal serum calcitonin (Ct). Two underwent non-normative thyroidectomy either two or four times without physician awareness or diagnosis of this disease at initial treatment, but with elevated Ct. One with elevated pre-Ct accepted total thyroidectomy (TT) with modified bilateral neck dissection (MBiND), and whose seventh posterior rib MTC metastases was confirmed 5 months after surgery. Moreover, results of two affected individuals with elevated Ct were reduced to normal after TT with MBiND or prophylactic VI compartmental dissection. However, only another carrier with the variant p.T278N had slightly elevated Ct rejected surgery and was strictly monitored. Given these case results, we suggest that screening of RET and pre-surgical Ct levels in the management of MTC patients is essential for earlier diagnosis and more normative initial treatment, that FMTC patients with cervical lymph nodes metastases may be cured by TT with MBiND, and that prophylactic VI compartmental dissection should be avoided when Ct levels are low.

8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 9-12, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313776

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study Chinese medicine treatment in the three-part of the proximal humerus fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to February 2012, 118 cases of proximal humerus three-part fractures were used two methods of operation and manipulation treatment,that were all acute and closed. In operation group: there were 22 males and 37 females,the mean age of the patients was (65.80 +/- 10.62) years (ranged from 45 to 83 years), and the interval from injury to hospital was (22.58 +/- 22.11) hours (ranged from 1 to 96 hours), used open reduction and locking plate fixation surgery. In manipulation group: there were 21 males and 38 females, the mean age of the patients was (65.98 +/- 11.10)years (ranged from 45 to 85 years), and the interval from injury to hospital was (20.85 +/- 22.63) hours (ranged from 1 to 107 hours), used manipulative reduction and small splinting external fixation. All patients were evaluated with shoulder pain, function, activity and anatomical indicators after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 3 to 12 months with an average of 8.2 months. According to Neer Score, the total scores was 85.47 +/- 6.15 in operation group, 84.95 +/- 5.70 in manipulation group. The satisfaction rate of the operation group were 88.20%, and the manipulation group were 86.40%. The difference was not statistically significant between two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The two treatment were able to achieve satisfactory results. The manipulative reduction and splinting treatment has the advantage of avoiding the risk of surgery, less blood damage, ensureing the efficacy, and reducing costs. It can effectively treat the proximal humerus three-part fracture.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Manipulation, Orthopedic , Methods , Shoulder Fractures , Therapeutics , Splints
9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 906-909, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312389

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the safety and short-term efficacy of laparoscopic transhiatal proximal gastrectomy in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Aug 2008 to May 2011, 98 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction underwent laparoscopic transhiatal proximal gastrectomy. Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively including operative time, estimated bleeding, length of resection, lymph node dissection, and short-term postoperative complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ninety-six patients underwent laparoscopic transhiatal proximal gastrectomy successfully and 2 were converted to open operation (one for combined splenectomy and the other combined splenectomy and resection of the tail of the pancreas). The mean operative time was (224.1±33.7) min and the mean blood loss was (69.4±26.1) ml. The mean length of esophageal resection was (4.0±0.6) cm and the resection margin was negative. The number of lymph node removed was 16.4±5.7. Pleural laceration occurred in 14 cases and spleen injury occurred in 3 case during operation. There was one anastomotic leakage. There were no postoperative mortalities, bleeding, anastomotic stenosis and wound infection. After follow-up ranging from 3 to 30 months, the value of reflux diagnostic questionnaire (RDQ) was 9.9±4.4 at 1 month and 9.3±4.3 at 3 months postoperatively. No incision metastasis was found and 5 patients died.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic transhiatal proximal gastrectomy is safe for patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction and the short-term clinical outcomes are favorable.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , General Surgery , Esophagogastric Junction , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 208-211, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effects of the manipulation reduction combined with small splint fixation for the treatment of fresh closed fracture of radius for shorten hospital stays and reduce medical cost.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From July 2007 to December 2009, 200 patients (ranged the age from 40 to 80 years) with distal radius comminute fracture were treated and divided into CP group (including 21 males and 79 females, with a mean age of (62.98 +/- 0.85) years), and control group (including 20 males and 80 females, with a mean age of (63.19 +/- 0.88) years). All patients were treated manipulation reduction combined with small-splint fixation, control group removed small-splint 30 days after treatment, CP group removed 25 days after treatment. Two groups were checked by X-ray and took traditional chinese medicine (taking Yuanhu tablets, Chuangshangning tablets on the early stage; Guixiangzhenggu pill was taken on the middle stage; Shuanglongjie gu pill on the late stage), functional exercise was guided after removing of small splint. The condition of reduction and position of bone were evaluated and Gartland-Werlley scale was used to evaluate the function of wrist joint.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment time in CP group was decreased from (30.08 +/- 3.06) to (25.06 +/- 1.07) days; treatment cost in CP group was decreased from (2 100.00 +/- 332.12) to (1 644.00 +/- 125.20) Yuan. There was no significant difference in reduction and function recover of wrist joint between two groups. The results showed the effects of TCM clinic can be promised.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Clinical pathway for outpatient can promote standardization of outpatient, short treatment time less medical economic burden, and worth widely used.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Closed , General Surgery , Radius , General Surgery , Radius Fractures , General Surgery , Splints
11.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; (6): 169-173, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642709

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of myocardial viability on left ventricular function after elective revascularization in patients with myocardial infarction by 99Tcm-MIBI and 18F-FDG dual-isotope simultaneous acquisition (DISA) myocardial perfusion-metabolic imaging. Methods Ninety-one patients clinically confirmed of myocardial infarction underwent DISA imaging. Based on the results of echocardiography, the patients were divided into heart failure group (group A) and normal cardiac function group (group B). After PCI, left ventricular function was measured by echocardiography in 1, 3 and 6 months. The t-test and χ2-test were used to compare the difference between the two groups using SPSS 13.0. Results The average number of diseased segments by myocardial perfusion imaging was 9.8±3.5 and 5.4±2.6 in groups A and B, respectively (t=6.87, P<0.01). The average number of diseased segments by myocardial metabolic imaging was 7.5±3.4 and 4.6±2.8 in groups A and B, respectively (t=4.46, P<0.01). There were 173 segments with viable myocardium (173/458: 37.8%) in group A and 188 segments with viable myocardium (188/307: 61.2%) in group B (χ2=40.61, P<0.001). The summed perfusion score (SPS), summed metabolism score (SMS) and summed difference score (SDS=SMS-SPS) were 28.43±11.86 vs 21.36±9.54, 20.17±8.52 vs 15.19±5.74 and 0.39±3.17 vs -12.72±4.55, respectively in groups A and B (t=3.15, P<0.01; t=3.32, P<0.01; t=15.59, P<0.01). The mean change of LVEF (ΔLVEF) and the mean change of left ventricular end-diastole dimension (ΔLVEDd) of the patients with more than 4 viable myocardial segments in group A were significantly more than those in group B( (12.81±2.62)% vs (5.90±1.91)%, t=16.33, P<0.001; (-13.13±4.20) mm vs (-7.75±2.31) mm, t=6.86, P<0.001). However, the ΔLVEF and ΔLVEDd of the patients with less than 4 viable myocardial segments in group A were significantly less than those in group B (t=3.25, P<0.01; t=4.92, P<0.001). Conclusion The amount of viable myocardium in infarct myocardium is an important factor for left ventricular function recovery after elective revascularization.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 752-755, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hematopoietic growth factor (HGF) is indispensable to hematopoiesis in the body. The proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells must rely on the existence and stimulation of HGF. This study investigated the effect of catechin, an active component extracted from Spatholobus suberectus Dunn (SSD), on bioactivity of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating activity (GM-CSA), burst-promoting activity (BPA) and megakaryocyte colony-stimulating activity (MK-CSA) in spleen condition medium (SPCM) of mice to clarify the hematopoietic mechanism of catechin and SSD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Spleen cells of mice were separated and spleen condition medium (SPCM) was prepared from spleen cell culture. Bone marrow cells of mice were separated and cultured in a culture system including 10% (v/v) SPCM (induced by catechin in vivo or ex vivo) for 6 days. Granulocyte-macrophage colony forming units (CFU-GM), erythrocyte burst-colony-forming units (BFU-E) and megakaryocyte colony-forming units (CFU-Meg) formation were employed to assay the effects of different treatment on the bioactivity of GM-CSA, BPA and MK-CSA in SPCM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SPCM induced by 100 mg/L catechin ex vivo could promote the growth of CFU-GM, BFU-E and CFU-Meg, which indicated that catechin could stimulate the production of GM-CSA, BPA and MK-CSA in SPCM. SPCM prepared at the fourth day of spleen cell culture showed the best stimulating activity. The bioactivity of GM-CSA, BPA and MK-CSA in the SPCM prepared after intraperitoneally injecting catechin into mice was also increased. The number of CFU-GM, BFU-E and CFU-Meg gradually increased as the dose of catechin increased and the time of administration prolonged. CFU-GM, BFU-E and CFU-Meg of the high-dose catechin group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.01) and reached the maximum at the seventh day after administration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study suggests that catechin extracted from the active acetic ether part of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn can regulate hematopoiesis by inducing bioactivity of GM-CSA, BPA and MK-CSA in SPCM of mice. This may be one of the mechanisms for the hematopoietic-supportive effect of catechin and Spatholobus suberectus Dunn.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Catechin , Pharmacology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Physiology , Hematopoiesis , Interleukin-3 , Physiology , Thrombopoietin , Physiology
13.
Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639752

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of differential diagnosis on congenital biliary atresia(BA) and infantile hepatitis syndrome(IHS) by technetium-99m-diethyl-iminodiacetic acid(99Tcm-EHIDA)hepatobiliary scintigraphy with phenobarbitol sodium.Methods Fifty-eight infants with persistent jaundice were taken phenobarbitol sodium[5 mg/(kg?d)] ,bid ?7 d).Those who had not bowel and gallbladders radioactivity within 24 hours were diagnosed as the diagnostic criterion of BA.Those with bowel and gallbladders radioactivity within 24 hours were diagnosed as the diagnostic criterion of IHS,who then received 99Tcm-EHIDA hepatobiliary scintigraphy with single photon emission computed tomography(SPECT) instrument.The results of all children were analyzed and compared with pathology and clinical follow up results.Results 99Tcm-EHIDA hepatobiliary scintigraphy correctly diagnosed 24 infants with last diagnosis BA and 29 infants with last diagnosis IHS,5 neonates false positive in all 34 IHS patients.The sensitivity in the diagnosis of BA was 100%,the specificity and accuracy were 85.3% and 91.4%,restectively.The sensitivity was 85.3% in the diagnosis of IHS;the specificity and accuracy were 100% and 91.4%,respectively.Conclusions 99Tcm-EHIDA hepatobiliary scintigraphy with phenobarbitol sodium can accurately differentiate BA and HIS at early stage.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 540-541, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979289

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo assess the clinical efficacy and safety of donepezil in treating the mild to moderate cognitive impairment of vascular dementia.Methods60 patients with vascular dementia were randomly divided into therapy group (donepezil 5 mg/d for 4 weeks, and then increased to 10 mg/d) and control group (piracetan 800 mg,3/d). All patients were assessed with Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Wechsler Adult Intelligence Revised in China (WAIS-RC), Activities of daily living (ADL), and Clinical Global Impression (CGI), before and 12 weeks after treatment. ResultsMMSE scores improved significantly in both groups after the treatment. The therapy group produced significantly better scores than the control groups on the MMSE(P<0.05). WAIS-RC scores improved significantly in the therapy groups(P<0.01), but there was no significant difference for control groups(P>0.05), before and after treatment. Severity Improvement(SI) score of ADL and CGI in the both groups decreased. The total efficiencies of donepezil and piracetan groups were 86% and 56% respectively. There was no significant difference in adverse effects between two groups. ConclusionDonepezil can improve the cognitive function of patients with vascular dementia, which seems better than that of piracetan, and it is fairly safe for vascular dementia patients to take donepezil 10 mg a day.

15.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 119-120, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore a new technique for the treatment of lower lip defect after carcinoectomy.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Six lower lip defects (more than two third of the length of the lower lip) after the tumor resection were treated with an orbicular muscular-mucous advancement flap.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the patients had achieved good results functionally and cosmetically with the following-ups from 6 months to 3 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The above mentioned techique could be a simple, safe and effective method for repairing lower lip defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Lip , Pathology , General Surgery , Lip Neoplasms , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Surgical Flaps
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