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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940541

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are natural immune cells with strong plasticity. The polarization of macrophages mainly responds to stimuli in the microenvironment by changing their phenotype and related functions. In recent years, studies have found that the polarization of macrophages is involved in the occurrence and development of various diseases such as bone arthritis, skin diseases, diabetes, coronary heart disease, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer, especially the metastasis of malignancies and drug resistance, through multiple signaling pathways, including nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB), c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK), protein kinase B (Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), Wnt/β-catenin, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and regulatory factors, such as granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, and interferon-γ(IFN-γ). Chinese medicine is also pivotal in the prevention and treatment of malignancies. In recent years, therefore, the specific anti-tumor mechanism of Chinese medicine and its active ingredients has become a research hotspot. The tumor microenvironment is crucial to the occurrence and development of tumors. The polarization of tumor-associated macrophages is involved in the proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis of tumor cells. Therefore, targeted regulation of the polarization of tumor-associated macrophages is a potential target for clinical treatment of malignancies. Based on the research articles published in the past three years, this article reviewed macrophage polarization and the anti-tumor mechanism of Chinese medicine from four perspectives, i.e., macrophage polarization, related pathways and regulatory factors of macrophage polarization, macrophage polarization and breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer, and macrophage polarization and anti-tumor effects of Chinese medicine, active ingredients of Chinese medicine, and self-formulated prescriptions/classic prescriptions. This study is expected to provide certain ideas for the clinical treatment, basic research, and development of new Chinese medicine in the treatment of tumors.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939589

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish an ultra-sensitive, ultra-fast, visible detection method for Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) .@*Methods@#We established a new method for detecting the tdh and trh genes of VP using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 12a (CRISPR/Cas12a) combined with recombinase polymerase amplification and visual detection (CRISPR/Cas12a-VD).@*Results@#CRISPR/Cas12a-VD accurately detected target DNA at concentrations as low as 10 -18 M (single molecule detection) within 30 min without cross-reactivity against other bacteria. When detecting pure cultures of VP, the consistency of results reached 100% compared with real-time PCR. The method accurately analysed pure cultures and spiked shrimp samples at concentrations as low as 10 2 CFU/g.@*Conclusion@#The novel CRISPR/Cas12a-VD method for detecting VP performed better than traditional detection methods, such as real-time PCR, and has great potential for preventing the spread of pathogens.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods , Recombinases/genetics , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between sleep duration and incident diabetes among residents of different ages in Xinjiang region.Methods:A total of 9 541 residents, aged 40 and over in Karamay, Xinjiang were identified by a cluster sampling method. Physical examinations and biochemical test were performed, and the data on sleep duration and lifestyle were obtained using standardized questionnaires. The population was divided into three categories according to sleep duration: insufficient sleep(<6 h), ideal sleep(6-8 h), and long sleep duration(>8 h). They were further divided into 2 subgroups based on age at survey. Those who were younger than 60 years old were defined as the middle-aged group, and the rest as the elderly. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the correlation between sleep duration and the risk of diabetes in different age groups.Results:There existed an approximate U-shaped relationship between total sleep duration and fasting blood glucose as well as HbA 1C. Fasting blood glucose and HbA 1C were relatively lower among those with ideal sleep duration. After multivariable adjustment, residents with insufficient sleep revealed a 35% increased risk of diabetes( OR=1.35, 95% CI 1.06-1.71) compared with those with ideal sleep duration. However, the risk of diabetes was not significantly increased in those with long sleep duration( OR=1.04, 95% CI 0.94-1.14). Furthermore, the additive risk of insufficient sleep was only significant in the middle-aged group( OR=1.37, 95% CI 1.02-1.84). Conclusions:Among residents of different ages in Xinjiang region, insufficient sleep is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, which is only significant in the middle-aged group.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of metformin on the microRNA (miRNA) expression and screen potential target with network pharmacology analysis in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:Fifteen patients with new diagnosed type 2 diabetes admitted to our hospital were selected, who received metformin during hospitalization and after discharge. The expression of serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, and myocardial fibrosis related miRNAs were compared before and 6 month after metformin treatment. In addition, gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were applied to analyze differential expression miRNAs showing statistical significance. Meanwhile, the network figure was established to reflect the target gene messenger RNA (mRNA) corresponding to differentially expressed miRNA.Results:Compared with pre-medication, the serum level of MMP-9 was significantly decreased after treatment ( P<0.05). Besides, the expression of homo sapiens microRNA (hsa-miR)29a-3p, hsa-miR133a-5p, hsa-miR21-5p, hsa-miR30c-5p, and hsa-miR1-3p in patients with type 2 diabetes were dramatically down-regulated by metformin ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Results of GO analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly concentrated in endoplasmic reticulum lumen, synapse, basement membrane and other cell components. The molecular functions such as Rho GTPase binding and participation in extracellular matrix structural constituent were exerted through biological processes such as collagen catabolic process, regulation of short-term neuronal synaptic plasticity, and axon extension, which were mainly enriched in advanced glycation end products-receptor for advanced glycation end products (AGE-RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, and Wnt signaling pathway, etc. The outcome of miRNA-mRNA network analysis demonstrated that there were 230 target genes mRNAs corresponding to differentially expressed miRNA. Conclusion:Metformin could play its role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes by down regulating the expression of miRNA, participating in the transduction of related cellular signaling pathways, regulating chromatin, nucleic acid binding, and enzyme activities.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) in intestinal mucosa with bile deficiency and the effect of bile on the expression of IAP in intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cell model.Methods:Thirty healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (Ctrl, n=10), external drainage group (ED, n=10) and obstructive jaundice group (OJ, n=10). Ileum specimens were collected on the 7th day after modeling. Western blot and immunohistochemical staining were used to determine the expression of IAP in rat intestinal mucosa. Different concentrations of human bile were used to treat on Caco-2 cells, and Western blot was used to detect the changes in IAP expression in Caco-2 cells. Results:Rat models were successfully established. The expression level of IAP in the intestinal mucosa of ED group [(9.19±1.67)%] was significantly lower than that of the Ctrl group [(15.09±0.61)%, P<0.05]; the expression of IAP in the intestinal mucosa of OJ group [(6.86±1.07)%] was significantly lower than that of the Ctrl group ( P<0.05). Through in vitro cell experiments, expression of IAP in Caco-2 cells was increased in a time and dose-dependent manner when treated with human bile. Conclusions:Bile deficiency in the intestine can cause inhibition of IAP in the intestinal mucosa. Bile can promote the expression of IAP in intestinal mucosal epithelial cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884640

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of primary closure of non-dilaed common bile ducts (CBD) after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the clinical data of 120 patients who underwent primary closure of CBD after laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE) at the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from April 1, 2014 to November 30, 2019. There were 44 males and 76 females, aged 22.0 to 88.0 years, (average age of 57.2 years). These patients were divided into the dilated CBD group (diameter of CBD >8 mm) and the normal CBD group (diameter of CBD ≤8 mm). The following factors, including operating time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative hospitalization stay, abdominal drainage tube indwelling time and postoperative complications were compared.Results:The dilated CBD group consisted of 76 patients, with 25 males and 51 females, and a median age of 62.5 years. The normal CBD group consisted of 44 patients, with 19 males and 25 females, and a median age of 57.5 years. There were no significant differences in gender, age, albumin level, total bilirubin and other baseline data between groups ( P>0.05). The operation times of the two groups were: the normal CBD group [106.6(87.3, 146.3] min vs the dilated CBD group [112.0(90.5, 134.5)] min; intraoperative blood loss [the normal CBD group 20(10, 30)ml vs dilated CBD group 20(10, 20)ml]; postoperative hospital stay [the normal CBD group 7.0 (5.3, 9.0) d vs the dilated CBD group 7.0 (5.0, 7.0) d]; and postoperative abdominal drainage tube removal time [the normal CBD group 6 (4, 7) d vs the dilated CBD group 5 (4, 6)d]. The differences were all not significant ( P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in the incidences of postoperative complications (including bile leakage, biliary stricture, and stone recurrence between groups, all P>0.05). Conclusion:In patients with a normal diameter (≤8 mm) common bile duct, it was safe and efficacious to perform primary closure after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880113

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#To establish the acquired aplastic anemia mouse model through the X-ray irradiation in combination with lymphocytes injection. AA Group: the purified Pan T lymphocytes from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice were enriched and injected to the mice through tail vein(5×10@*RESULTS@#Compared with 4, 5 Gy irradiated mice in AA groups, the survival time of 3 Gy irradiated AA groups was significantly prolonged. 3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with Pan T lymphocyte injection could successfully induced severe reduction of red blood cells, blood neutrophils, and platelets, severe reduction of bone marrow nucleated cells, severe bone marrow hematopoietic failure, and the significant expansion of T lymphocytes ratio in the bone marrow. CD4@*CONCLUSION@#3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with 5×10


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1645-1648,1653, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867453

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to establish a painless delivery detection system in plateau area, promote the concept of painless delivery, reduce the cesarean section rate, the clinical study of painless childbirth in Tibet was carried out.Methods:150 primiparas in Lhasa People's Hospital from January 2018 to Juen 2019 were prospectively collected, which were randomly divided into sufentanil and ropivacaine groups (group A, n=50) and fentanyl and ropivacaine (group B, n=50) and the control group without analgesia (group C, n=50); The general conditions of the patients before and after delivery were collected. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to observe and record the delivery process and results. The Apgar score of newborns was performed, and the umbilical artery blood was taken for blood gas analysis. Results:The first and second stage of labor in group A and B were shorter than those in group C ( P<0.05); there was no difference in the third stage of labor and postpartum bleeding between the three groups ( P>0.05). The VAS scores of groups A and B were lower than that of group C ( P<0.05), while there was no difference between group A and group B ( P>0.05). There was no difference in pH value of umbilical artery blood between the three groups ( P>0.05). The umbilical artery blood PO 2 of group A and group B was higher than those of group C ( P<0.05), while there was no difference between group A and group B ( P>0.05). The umbilical artery blood PCO 2 of group A and group B was lower than that of group C( P<0.05), while there was no difference between group A and group B ( P>0.05). The cesarean section rate in group C was higher than that in groups A and B ( P<0.05). There was no difference in fetal heart rate, fetal distress, and neonatal asphyxia among the three groups ( P>0.05). There was significant difference in the overall incidence of adverse conditions in the three groups ( P<0.05). The Apgar scores of the newborns in groups A and B were higher than those in the C group at 1 min postpartum ( P<0.05), while there were no difference in the Apgar scores among the three groups at 5 and 10 min postpartum ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Painless delivery in plateau area can reduce the pain of delivery and the rate of cesarean section, and has high safety and reduce the adverse effects on mothers and infants, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 53-56, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic value of interventional methods for hemorrhage caused by mandibular arteriovenous malformations.Methods:The clinical data of 7 patients (3 males and 4 females) with mandibular arteriovenous malformations treated by interventional therapy from January 2012 to January 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Of all patients, 4 patients suffered from sudden massive hemorrhage and 3 patients suffered from spontaneous repeated bleeding. The age ranged from 8.0 to 13.0 (10.6±1.7) years. Of the 7 patients, 3 underwent interventional embolization via arteries and veins, and 4 underwent embolization only via arteries. The embolic materials were polyvinyl alcohol granules and coils. The follow-up period was 9—18 months and the curative effect was observed.Results:Among the 7 patients, 4 cases of acute massive hemorrhage were effectively controlled after interventional operation, 3 cases of chronic bleeding disappeared after interventional operation. No recurrence of bleeding occurred during the follow-up period, only 1 patient presented with oral infection and gingival swelling and hyperplasia. The symptoms were effectively controlled after anti-infection and debridement. No severe complications occurred in all patients.Conclusion:Interventional therapy for ateriovenous malformation with hemorrhage is effective, safe and feasible, which is worthy of clinical application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differential diagnostic value of ultrasonic elastography for breast nodules with acoustic attenuation.Methods:A total of 105 cases with breast nodules with posterior echo attenuation from June 2017 to October 2019 in Shenzhen People′s Hospital were enrolled. Routine ultrasound examination and elastography were performed and maximum of elastography(Emax), mean of elastography value(Emean), minimum of elastography value(Emin) and strain ratio of fat/strain ratio of nodules(B/A) were recorded. With the pathological results as the diagnosed gold standard, elastic parameters different between benign and malignant breast nodules with posterior echo attenuation were compared. And the Emax value of elastic imaging was analyzed by the ROC curve.Results:There were 65 cases of benign nodules and 40 cases of malignancy. The difference of ultrasound E imaging were statistically significant for judging benign and malignant breast nodules with acoustic attenuation( P<0.05). When Emax 95 kPa was set as the cut-off value for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignat breast nodules, the area under the ROC curve was 0.817, and the sensitivity was 88% and the specificity was 72%. Conclusions:Ultrasonic elastrography is of great value for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast nodules with acoustic attenuation, and it is important for the decision making of clinical treatment plan.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 53-56, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798792

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the therapeutic value of interventional methods for hemorrhage caused by mandibular arteriovenous malformations.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 7 patients (3 males and 4 females) with mandibular arteriovenous malformations treated by interventional therapy from January 2012 to January 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Of all patients, 4 patients suffered from sudden massive hemorrhage and 3 patients suffered from spontaneous repeated bleeding. The age ranged from 8.0 to 13.0 (10.6±1.7) years. Of the 7 patients, 3 underwent interventional embolization via arteries and veins, and 4 underwent embolization only via arteries. The embolic materials were polyvinyl alcohol granules and coils. The follow-up period was 9—18 months and the curative effect was observed.@*Results@#Among the 7 patients, 4 cases of acute massive hemorrhage were effectively controlled after interventional operation, 3 cases of chronic bleeding disappeared after interventional operation. No recurrence of bleeding occurred during the follow-up period, only 1 patient presented with oral infection and gingival swelling and hyperplasia. The symptoms were effectively controlled after anti-infection and debridement. No severe complications occurred in all patients.@*Conclusion@#Interventional therapy for ateriovenous malformation with hemorrhage is effective, safe and feasible, which is worthy of clinical application.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821254

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of Escherichia coli producing NDM-5 carbapenemase in the neonatal department of our hospital. @*Methods@#Three carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli strains(E1, E2 and E3) isolated from neonatal ward of our hospital from August to September of 2017 were collected. Vitek 2 Compact system combined with K-B disk method was used for drug sensitivity test. The resistance genes were detected by PCR amplification. Plasmid replicon typing was detected by PCR. Plasmid conjugation tests were performed to explore the conjugating transfer of plasmids in the three strains. The homology of the three strains was analyzed by multiple locus sequence typing (MLST) and pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). @*Results@#Drug susceptibility test showed that the three bacteria were resistant to most β-lactam antibiotics except Aztreonam, and resistant to quinolones and SMZ-TMP, but sensitive to aminoglycosides drugs. PCR and sequencing results indicated that the three strains carried bla SHV gene and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase gene (bla SHV , bla TEM and bla CTX-M ). The plasmid replicon type was IncX3. Transfer test of E1 strain was successful. MLST results indicated that all the three strains were ST1642 type. MLST and PFGE results indicated that the bands of the three bacteria were identical. @*Conclusion@#Both NDM-5 carbapenemase and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase were detectable in the three strains of carbapenem-resistant bacteria from neonatal department. MLST and PFGE results suggested that the three strains were from the same clonal source.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744776

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of moderate running wheel exercise on the learning and memory ability and hippocampal neurogenesis in young mice.Methods Twenty male 1 month old Kunming mice were randomly divided into control group and exercise group.After 8 weeks of running wheel exercise in the exercise group,the Morris water maze test was used to detect the spatial learning and memory ability of the two groups of mice.Immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of Sox2,Ki67 and DCX in the dentate gyrus of mice in two groups,and those specific protein can reflected the hippocampal neurogenesis.Results In the place navigation test of Morris water maze,the latency of the exercise group ((29.00± 1.32) s) was lower than that of the control group ((36.30±0.69) s),and the difference was statistically significant (t=5.154,P<0.05).In the spatial probe test,the number of times of crossing platforms in the exercise group ((3.73±1.51) times) was more than that of the control group ((1.89±t 1.63) times),and the difference was significant (t=3.583,P<0.05).Immunohistochemical results showed that the number of Sox2,Ki67 and DCX immunoreactive cells in the dentate gyrus region of the exercise group were ((284.40± 31.50),(54.50± 10.75),(77.80=t± 11.60) respectively) more than those in the control group ((241.40± 10.57),(37.00± 7.81),(48.20±t 11.86) respectively),and the difference was statistically significant (t =4.129,5.789,7.971,all P<0.01).Conclusion Moderate running wheel exercise can significantly improve the learning and memory ability of young mice,which may be related to the promotion of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3042-3048, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817438

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Danhong injection (DHI) on gene expression profile of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model rats. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and DHI group (0.76 mL/kg), with 10 rats in each group. AMI model was established by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery in model group and DHI group. After modeling, sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intramuscularly, and DHI group was given relevant medicine intramuscularly, once a day, for consecutive 14 days. After last administration, myocardial tissue in the marginal zone of infarction was separated. The change of gene expression profile was detected by gene chip technique. Using fold-change of relative expression as index, differentially expressed microRNA (miRNA) were screened. On the basis of retrieving their corresponding genes, gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were carried out by using DAVID bioinformatics resource database and KEGG pathway database, respectively. TargetScan database was used to predict the target gene messenger RNA (mRNA) corresponding to differentially expressed miRNA. Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used to construct and analyze the miRNA-mRNA network. Agilent GeneSpring GX v11.5 software was used to screen target genes and miRNA related to inflammation in the above networks. RESULTS: Compared with sham operation group, there were 22 differentially expressed miRNAs in model group, 5 up-regulated and 17 down-regulated. Compared with model group, there were 26 differentially expressed miRNAs in DHI group, and all of them were up-regulated. The differentially expressed miRNAs related to DHI therapy for AMI included rno-let-7a-5p, rno-let-7d-5p, rno-let-7f-5p, rno-miR-26b-5p, rno-miR-29b-3p, cel-miR-39-3p, cel-miR-39-5p, rno-miR-142-5p, rno-miR-191a-5p, rno-miR-409a-3p. Results of GO analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly concentrated in membrane-bound organelles, cytoplasm, endometrial system and other cell components. The molecular functions such as protein binding and ion binding were exerted through biological processes such as anatomical structure development, multicellular tissue development and development process,which were mainly enriched in calcium signaling pathway, PPAR signaling pathway, VEGF signaling pathway, cell apoptosis, glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored biosynthesis, valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation, etc. miRNA-mRNA network analysis showed that there were 25 target gene mRNAs corresponding to differentially expressed miRNA and 24 miRNAs related to it. There were 6 inflammation-related target genes (IL6, IL1b, TNF, TLR4, CRP, CXCL12) in this network, involving 19 differentially expressed miRNAs. CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic effect of DHI on AMI may be related to regulating the expression of related miRNA, affecting signal transduction of calcium ion, PPAR and VEGF pathways, and regulating the secretion of inflammatory markers such as interleukin, chemokine and C-reactive protein.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Celastrus Orbiculatus extracts (COE) on metastasis in hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The effect of COE (160, 200 and 240 µ g/mL) on cell viability, scratch-wound, invasion and migration were studied by 3-4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), scratch-wound and transwell assays, respectively. CoCl was used to establish a hypoxia model in vitro. Effects of COE on the expressions of E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin were investigated with Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#COE inhibited proliferation and metastasis of hypoxia-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Furthermore, the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were also remarkably suppressed in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). In addition, the upstream signaling pathways, including the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (Hif-1 α) and Twist1 were suppressed by COE. Additionally, the Hif-1 α inhibitor 3-5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole (YC-1), potently suppressed cell invasion and migration as well as expression of EMT in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells. Similarly, the combined treatment with COE and YC-1 showed a synergistic effect (P<0.01) compared with the treatment with COE or YC-1 alone in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COE significantly inhibited the tumor metastasis and EMT by suppressing Hif-1 α/Twist1 signaling pathway in hypoxia-induced HepG2 cell. Thus, COE might have potential effect to inhibit the progression of HepG2 in the context of tumor hypoxia.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Celastrus , Chemistry , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Proliferation , Cell Shape , Cobalt , Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms underlying ozone-induced inactivation of poliovirus type 1 (PV1).@*METHODS@#We used cell culture, long-overlapping RT-PCR, and spot hybridization assays to verify and accurately locate the sites of action of ozone that cause PV1 inactivation. We also employed recombinant viral genome RNA infection models to confirm our observations.@*RESULTS@#Our results indicated that ozone inactivated PV1 primarily by disrupting the 5'-non-coding region (5'-NCR) of the PV1 genome. Further study revealed that ozone specifically damaged the 80-124 nucleotide (nt) region in the 5'-NCR. Recombinant viral genome RNA infection models confirmed that PV1 lacking this region was non-infectious.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we not only elucidated the mechanisms by which ozone induces PV1 inactivation but also determined that the 80-124 nt region in the 5'-NCR is targeted by ozone to achieve this inactivation.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Genome, Viral , Oxidants, Photochemical , Pharmacology , Ozone , Pharmacology , Poliovirus , Vero Cells , Virus Inactivation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665468

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the thermal effects of the second-generation argon plasma coagulation (VIO APC/APC2) on ex vivo human stomach tissue with different mode ,output power and application time .Methods The thermal effects of VIO APC were studied on fresh surgery-resected human stomach tissues .Different output powers were combined with mode "forced (F )","pulse , effect 1 (P1 )" and "pulse , effect 2 (P2 )";three application time ,the depth and maximum diameter of each injury were recorded .Results The depth of tissue injuries was correlated with output power (P<0 .001) ,energy (P=0 .008) and mode (P=0 .013) .The maximum diameter of injuries was correlated with output power (P<0 .001) ,application duration (P=0 .001) ,energy (P<0 .001) and mode (P=0 .001) .The incidence of harmful damage was only related to mode (P=0 .012) .The depth of tissue injuries was P1> F> P2 (P<0 .05) ,and the maximum diameter of injuries was P2> P1> F (P<0 .05) . Conclusion Different modes of VIO APC can create different thermal effects on the gastric tissues .Compared with F mode ,P1 mode creates deeper injuries while P2 mode creates larger but shallow injuries .All the three modes may cause injuries involving muscularis propria .

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 971-976, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738081

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiologic characteristics and spatial-temporal distribution of hepatitis E in Shanghai between 2006 and 2016.Methods The reported incidence of hepatitis E and health facilities' information between 2006 and 2016 were collected from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention.The geographic information were from Shanghai Surveying and Mapping Institute.The map scale was 1 ∶ 750 000.Global and local autocorrelation,and spatial-temporal detection methods were applied to determine the spatial-temporal characteristics of hepatitis E.Software ArcGIS 10.1 was used to analyze global and local spatial auto correlation of hepatitis E spatial clusters.Software SaTScan 9.4.4 was used to conduct scan for exploring the areas of hepatitis E temporal spatial clusters.Results A total of 6 048 cases of hepatitis E were reported in Shanghai during 2006-2016.The average incidence was 2.14/100 000.Spatial auto correlation analysis indicated that there was significant spatial positive correlations and spatial-temporal clustering of hepatitis E in Shanghai,and the "high-high cluster" was mainly located in the downtown of the city.Conclusion Understanding the spatial-temporal clustering areas of hepatitis E cases in Shanghai from 2006 to 2016 is important to the reasonable allocation of public health resources and effective prevention and control of hepatitis E.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807110

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution of blaKPC gene in Lishui and to analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K.pneumoniae) blaKPC gene.@*Methods@#From 2010 to 2016, all of the non-repetitive K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing isolates in Lishui Municipal Central Hospital were collected. They were identified with VITEK 2 Compact system and typed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Plasmids were classified based on the DNA sequences of replication initiators. Transposons were detected by PCR. Locations of blaKPC gene were verified through complete sequencing of the plasmids by next-generation sequencing (NGS).@*Results@#A total of 125 strains were collected. K. pneumoniae strains accounted for 88.8% (111) and among them, 103 were ST11 type. IncF plasmids were detected in 48.6% of K. pneumoniae strains and most of them carried mutant Tn1721/Tn4401 chimera (48/54 isolates). Untypable plasmids were discovered in 50.5% of isolated strains and most of them were positive for the wild-type chimera (54/56 isolates). IncF-positive strains isolated during the period of 2011 and 2013 accounted for 94.4%, followed by a dramatic decrease. However, 76.8% of the strains harboring untypable plasmids were isolated from 2014 to 2016 and the number increased year by year.@*Conclusion@#K. pneumoniae of ST11 type was the main cause of blaKPC gene dissemination in Lishui area. Strains carrying the IncF plasmids integrated with the mutant Tn1721/Tn4401 chimera and the untypable plasmids with the wild-type chimera were prevalent before and after 2014, respectively.

20.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 504-508,封2, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698053

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the underlying pathogenesis of rectal adenocarcinoma (READ) by analyzing the expression data of high throughput miRNA/mRNA and DNA methylation. Methods The miRNA/ mRNA expression profiling and corresponding DNA methylation data were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA)database.The differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNA)/miRNAs (DEmiRNAs)/methylated regions were identified in READ. The negatively correlation of DEmiRNA-DEmRNAs and DNA methylation-DEmRNAs were obtained.DEmRNA expression was validated through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses. Results A total of 1 192 DEmRNAs and 27 DEmiRNAs were screened in the data.And 1 987 miRNA-mRNA regulatory relationships were obtained by screening target genes.In this study,446 genes with aberrant methylation were annotated,and 6 403 aberrant methylation CpG sites were screened in READ compared to normal controls.Eventually,50 DEmRNAs(39 down-regulated and 11 up-regulated DEmRNAs)with hyper methylation and synchronously negatively targeted by DEmiRNAs,were identified through the correlation analysis among 446 genes with aberrant methylation and 668 DEmRNAs. The 50 DEmRNAs were significantly enriched in cAMP signaling pathway, circadian entrainment and glutamatergic synapse. Results of qRT-PCR showed that the validation results of expression levels of DEmRNAs were compatible with our study. Conclusion Seven hypermethylation genes(SORCS1,PDZRN4,LONRF2,CNGA3,HAND2,RSPO2 and GNAO1)that are negatively regulated by DEmiRNAs may promote the occurrence of READ.

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