Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 308
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912725

ABSTRACT

Under the diagnosis-related groups(DRG) prospective payment system, innovative health technologies with high costs and risks may be limited to some extent. How to balance the increase of health care cost and the development of innovative health technology is a difficult problem to be solved in the current reform. By studying the relatively mature payment systems of innovative health technologies in the world, the authors found that countries generally adopted additional payment or compensation to encourage the development of new technologies. But at the same time, a relatively perfect health technology assessment and payment management mechanism had been established to ensure the standardized operation of payment plan. These international advanced experience and practice could provide references for China′s innovative health technology payment strategy under the DRG payment system. It is suggested to establish a scientific and reasonable assessment mechanism of innovative health technology, create a special access channel for innovative health technology with limited short-term evidence, and gradually form a long-term incentive mechanism of innovative health technology in DRG payment system.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for early neurological complications after revascularization in adult patients with moyamoya disease.Methods:The medical records of patients of both sexes with moyamoya disease, aged 18-65 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ, who underwent revascularization in our hospital from January 2017 to June 2019, were retrospectively collected.According to the occurrence of early postoperative neurological complications, patients were divided into early postoperative neurological complication group and non-early postoperative neurological complication group.The factors such as patient′s age, gender, preoperative clinical symptoms, previous history of hypertension, history of diabetes, history of coronary heart disease, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, methods of anesthesia, type of operation, anesthesia time, time for start of operation, operation time, intraoperative urine volume, times of intraoperative vasoactive drugs used, and time of the post-anaesthesia observation room (PACU) stay were collected.Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for postoperative early neurological complications.Results:A total of 510 adult patients with moyamoya disease underwent revascularization were enrolled in this study, and the incidence of early postoperative neurological complications was 9.0%.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative ischemia, intraoperative use of vasoactive drugs more than 3 times and PACU stay time>90 min were risk factors for postoperative neurological complications ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative ischemia, intraoperative use of vasoactive drugs >3 times and PACU stay time>90 min are risk factors for early neurological complications after revascularization in the patients with moyamoya disease.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationships among contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features, molecular type, and biomarker expression of breast cancer.Methods:A retrospectively analysis of breast cancer patients confirmed by pathology were performed using Breast Imaging Report And Data System (BI-RADS) ultrasound category lesions in the Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May 2020 to April 2021. All patients underwent conventional ultrasound and CEUS before biopsy and/or surgery. The relationships among BI-RADS category, quantitative and qualitative CEUS features and biomarker expression of breast cancer were evaluated.Results:All 149 patients with 149 breast lesions were included. The numbers of BI-RADS category 4A, 4B, 4C, and 5 were 8, 60, 49, and 32, respectively. Among them, the numbers of Luminal A like, Luminal B like (human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) positive), Luminal B like (HER-2 negative), HER-2 overexpression and triple negative type were 81, 29, 17, 15, and 7. No significant correlations were found among BI-RADS category, molecular types, and biomarker estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER-2, and antigen Ki-67 (Ki-67) expression (all P>0.05). There were no correlations between quantitative or qualitative CEUS features and molecular types of breast cancer (all P>0.05). There were no correlations between qualitative CEUS variables and ER, PR, HER-2, and Ki-67 expression (all P>0.05). Ascending slope (AS) were negatively correlated with ER and PR expression( r=-0.40, P=0.01; r=-0.35, P=0.03). Descending slope (DS) were positively correlated with ER and PR expression( r=0.42, P=0.01; r=0.36, P=0.03). Arrive time (AT) were positively correlated with HER-2 expression( r=0.37, P=0.02). Conclusions:AS and DS are correlated with ER and PR expression.Arrive time (AT) is correlated with HER-2 expression. The quantitative variables of CEUS are helpful for evaluation of biomarker expression in breast cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Shenwei Ningyu pills (SNP), a new Chinese medicine for depression, on the immunoinflammatory response mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway in the hippocampus of rats exposed to chronic restraint stress (CRS). Method:Forty-four male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly enrolled into a normal group, a model group, an escitalopram group, and an SNP group. Except for the rats in the normal group, all rats were exposed to CRS and isolated rearing for 21 days continuously. Rats in the escitalopram group and the SNP group were administered with escitalopram (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and SNP (18 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) one hour prior to CRS, respectively. The changes in body weight, sucrose preference index, horizontal movement scores, and vertical movement scores were observed by body weight assessment, sucrose preference test, and open field test. The expression of hippocampal TLR4 and MyD88 was detected by Western blot. The content of serum interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>), IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Result:The results of the behavioral assessment showed that there was no significant difference in the changes of behavioral baselines among the groups before intervention. However, significant differences were found among the groups following different interventions. The body weight, sugar preference index, horizontal movement score, and vertical movement score of rats in the model group decreased after CRS for 21 days as compared with those in the normal group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The above indicators in the SNP<italic> </italic>group and the escitalopram group were higher than those in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), which indicated that SNP<italic> </italic>exerted an obvious antidepressant effect. The results of Western blot and ELISA showed that compared with the normal group, the model group showed elevated levels of hippocampal TLR4 and MyD88 and serum IL-1<italic>β</italic> and TNF-<italic>α </italic>(<italic>P</italic>˂0.01) and dwindled serum IL-10 (<italic>P</italic>˂0.01), while SNP<italic> </italic>and escitalopram reversed the conditions in the model group (<italic>P</italic>˂0.01) except for TNF-<italic>α</italic>. Conclusion:The present study indicated that the antidepressant effect of SNP was presumedly achieved by inhibiting the immunoinflammatory response mediated by the TLR4/Myd88 signaling pathway in CRS rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of compound Guizhencao granule (CGG) on grade 1 hypertension patients with dampness heat and blood stasis syndrome and its influence on related biological indicators and safety indexes. Method:A randomized,double-blind,placebo-controlled clinical trial design was used. 80 subjects who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into the treatment group (40 cases) and control group (40 cases). On the basis of health education,patients in the treatment group received 6.5 g CGG,twice daily,for four weeks. Patients in the control group received CGG simulant in a similar dosing scheme. The 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring(24 h ABPM),traditional Chinese medcine(TCM) syndrome score,angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ),endothelin-1 (ET-1),homocysteine(Hcy) and safety indexes were observed. Result:Compared with that before treatment, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of the consulting room in the treatment group were significantly lower (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and there was no significant difference in the control group;The daytime DBP and 24 h DBP in the control group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the 24 h SBP, 24 h DBP, daytime SBP, daytime DBP, nighttime SBP and nighttime DBP in the treatment group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The total effective rate of 24 h ABPM on the nighttime blood pressure was 57.14% (20/35) in the treatment group, which was significantly higher than 28.57% (10/35) in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=-2.310, <italic>P</italic><0.05); The total effective rate of daytime blood pressure and 24-hour blood pressure treatment group increased, but the difference was not statistically significant. The TCM syndrome score of two groups was significantly lower than that of the control group before treatment (<italic>P</italic>< 0.05, <italic>P</italic>< 0.01), and that of the treatment group was significantly lower than that of the control group after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The total effective rate of TCM syndrome score in the treatment group was 51.43% (18/35), which was significantly higher than 28.57% (10/35) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>= 9.973, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with that before treatment, the levels of ET-1 and Hcy in the control group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the levels of Ang Ⅱ, ET-1 and Hcy in the treatment group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01); Compared with the control group after treatment, the levels of Ang Ⅱ and ET-1 in the treatment group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic> < 0.01). Conclusion:CGG is safe and effective in reducing the blood pressure level,improving the TCM syndrome score,and regulating related biological indicators of patients with Grade 1 hypertension.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E510-E518, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904431

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore characteristics of flow field around the athletes, change of net flow force, and influences of hip flexion angles at the end of extension kick on the submerged dolphin kick stroke. Methods The body shape data of a swimmer were obtained by three-dimensional (3D) scanning, and the data were reversely reconstructed to obtain the swimmer model. The joints of the swimmer model were separated, and each segment of the athlete was divided into independent rigid body, and simulation of the submerged dolphin kick stroke was realized by controlling movement of each independent rigid body. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software package ANSYS Fluent was used as the solver for calculation and solution. Results The vortex structures were shed off from the surface of the swimmer’s body in the area with a large velocity gradient in flow field, and the shedding of vortex structures was different at the stage of extension kick and flexion kick. Propulsion was mainly generated during extension kick phase. At the end of extension kick, the drag decreased as the hip flexion angle increased from 20° to 30°. Conclusions To some extent, increasing flexion angle of the hip joint at the end of extension kick will reduce the drag force and increase the swimming speed in process of the submerged dolphin kick stroke.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of percutaneous core needle biopsy for bone tumors in upper limbs with pathologic fracture and to find the possible factors that could impact the results.@*METHODS@#The including criteria for this study was the patients who had received percutaneous core needle biopsy and definitive surgery, whose tumor was located at upper limb with pathologic fracture. From January 2015 to December 2019, seventy-seven patients were enrolled. There were 55 males and 22 females. The median age was 27 years old (range:5 to 88 years old). The tumor located at humerus in 67 cases, radius in 8 cases and ulna in 2 cases. If the pathologic diagnosis of core needle biopsy was the same with the definitive surgery, it was defined as "correct". If the pathologic diagnosis of biopsy for benign or malignant was right but the exact diagnostic name was not the same with definitive surgery, it was defined as "supportive". If the pathologic diagnosis of biopsy for benign or malignant was not correct, it was defined as "wrong". We retrospectively analyzed the accuracy and impact factors for core needle biopsy.@*RESULTS@#The result was "correct" in 63 cases(81.8%), "supportive" in 14 cases(18.2%), and "wrong" in 0 cases. We analyzed the gender, age, location, fracture displacement, the destroyed type for bone tumor, soft tissue mass, fluid area in the tumor as the factors. The results showed the rate for "correct" was significantly higher when the tumor had soft tissue mass (@*CONCLUSION@#The accuracy of percutaneous core needle biopsy for upper limb bone tumor with pathologic is high and acceptable. The biopsy chosen the soft tissue mass area can increase the accuracy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Bone Neoplasms , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fractures, Spontaneous , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Upper Extremity , Young Adult
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2154-2163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887040

ABSTRACT

The biochemical integrity of the brain is necessary to maintain normal function. Oxidative damage is one of the mortal important reasons leading to the destruction of this integrity. The nervous system is enriched in phospholipid and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Due to the nature of high oxygen-consumption and rich lipids, brain is particularly vulnerable to oxidative damages. Phospholipid peroxidation is one of the results of imbalance in oxidation-antioxidant system. Once the antioxidant system is insufficient to resist oxidative damage, membrane phospholipids will be prone to free radical attack. Phospholipid peroxidation leads to a variety of toxic oxidation products, including membrane damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, rapid accumulation of amyloid, etc. Multiple proteins and nucleic acids can be covalently modified by peroxidation products, resulting in the loss of the protein functions, which eventually triggers programmed cell death and general neuroinflammation in brain, and ends up with an increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases. Based on the knowledge of mechanisms of phospholipid peroxidation, this review focuses on the characteristics of phospholipid peroxidation as a key factor in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, in order to provide theoretical basis for targeted intervention of phospholipid peroxidation as a potential strategy to prevent neurodegenerative diseases.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1736-1740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886715

ABSTRACT

@#Macular hole is a retinal disease that seriously threatens vision. With the progress of science and technology and the improvement of examination methods, understanding this disease has been further clarified. This article reviews the latest advances in pathogenesis, diagnosis, classification, healing process, prognosis, closure mode, and treatment macular hole, in order to help ophthalmologists formulate surgery.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 38-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of real-time transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) during seminal vesiculoscopy in infertile men with azoospermia or oligoasthenospermia.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 25 cases of azoospermia or oligoasthenospermia due to ejaculate ducts obstruction who were treated with real-time transrectal ultrasound-guided seminal vesiculoscopy between September 2011 and December 2015. Patients’ age was(29.4±4.5) years. All patients accepted semen analysis, serum sex hormone, MRI, TRUS and then diagnosed as obstructive azoospermia, and 13 cases had intractable obstructive azoospermia or oligoasthenospermia after the failure of simple seminal vesiculoscopy(the path to the ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle couldn’t be found). All patients were treated with seminal vesiculoscopy under real-time guidance with TRUS. We assessed the success rate of surgery, surgical time and complications.Results:The scope was successfully inserted into the seminal vesicle in 21 of the 25 cases (success rate, 84%). The median operative time was 75(31, 148) min. None of the patients developed severe complications. Among 4 failure cases (4/25, 16%), 1 was due to abnormal congenital development. In 2 cases, a clear outlet of the dual ejaculatory duct could not be found after it was inserted into the prostatic utricle. One case was considered as a Müllerian tubular cyst, and the seminal vesicle scope was used to assess the cystic side wall. The 21 patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months, semen volume 2.0(0-5.2)ml, total sperm 28(0-832) ×10 6/ejaculate, sperm density 5.6(0-110.3)×10 6/ml, mobility rate of sperm 5.4%(0-63.6%), and the differences were significant as compared to that before the surgery [semen volume 0.4(0-2.8)ml, total sperm 0(0-342)×10 6/ejaculate, sperm density 0(0-90.7)×10 6/ml, mobility rate of sperm 0(0-24.1%), all P<0.05]. Among the 17 patients who underwent follow-up of 5 to 9 years, 3 patients was conceived naturally and 9 patients’ postoperative sperm quality has improved and pregnancy in vitro fertilization by extracting sperm from semen. Conclusions:Intraoperative real-time transrectal ultrasound guidance can improved the success rate of seminal vesiculoscopy and promoted operative safety.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1200-1212, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881193

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of metabolic disorder with unclear molecular mechanism. Increasing studies have found that the pathogenesis and progression of metabolic syndrome are closely related to inflammation. Here, we report celastrol, a traditional Chinese medicine, can improve high fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome through suppressing resistin-induced inflammation. Mechanistically, celastrol binds to adenylyl cyclase associated protein 1 (CAP1) and inhibits the interaction between CAP1 and resistin, which restrains the cyclic adenylate monophosphate (cAMP)-protein kinase A (PKA)-nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 13-29, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881122

ABSTRACT

Src homology containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) represents a noteworthy target for various diseases, serving as a well-known oncogenic phosphatase in cancers. As a result of the low cell permeability and poor bioavailability, the traditional inhibitors targeting the protein tyrosine phosphate catalytic sites are generally suffered from unsatisfactory applied efficacy. Recently, a particularly large number of allosteric inhibitors with striking inhibitory potency on SHP2 have been identified. In particular, few clinical trials conducted have made significant progress on solid tumors by using SHP2 allosteric inhibitors. This review summarizes the development and structure-activity relationship studies of the small-molecule SHP2 inhibitors for tumor therapies, with the purpose of assisting the future development of SHP2 inhibitors with improved selectivity, higher oral bioavailability and better physicochemical properties.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 669-678, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876532

ABSTRACT

The inflammatory response is an essential role of innate immune cells such as neutrophils, which plays an important role in the occurrence and development of inflammatory diseases. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are responsible for killing microorganisms and inducing the inflammatory response. We review the function of NETs in inflammatory diseases based on research publications since 2016. In addition, the ability of drugs that target NETs to ameliorate inflammation-related diseases is summarized. This review suggests a new strategy of targeting NETs for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899859

ABSTRACT

Background@#Intended subtotal resection (STR) followed by adjuvant gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has emerged as an effective treatment option for facial nerve (FN) preservation in vestibular schwannomas (VSs). This study aimed to identify the optimal cutoff volume of residual VS to predict favorable outcomes in terms of both tumor control and FN preservation. @*Methods@#This retrospective study assessed the patients who underwent adjuvant GKRS for residual VS after microsurgery. A total of 68 patients who had been followed up for ≥ 24 months after GKRS were included. Tumor progression was defined as an increase in tumor volume (TV) of ≥ 20%. House-Brackmann grades I and II were considered to indicate good FN function. @*Results@#The median residual TV was 2.5 cm3 (range: 0.3–27.4). The median follow-up period after the first adjuvant GKRS was 64 months (range: 25.7–152.4). Eight (12%) patients showed tumor progression. In multivariate analyses, residual TV was associated with tumor progression (P = 0.003; hazard ratio [HR], 1.229; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.075–1.405).A residual TV of 6.4 cm3 was identified as the cut-off volume for showing the greatest difference in progression-free survival (PFS). The 5-year PFS rates in the group with residual TVs of < 6.4 cm3 (54 patients) and that with residual TVs of ≥ 6.4 cm3 (14 patients) were 93.3% and 69.3%, respectively (P = 0.014). A good FN outcome was achieved in 57 (84%) patients.Residual TV was not associated with good FN function during the immediate postoperative period (P = 0.695; odds ratio [OR], 1.024; 95% CI, 0.908–1.156) or at the last follow-up (P = 0.755; OR, 0.980; 95% CI, 0.866–1.110). @*Conclusion@#In this study, residual TV was associated with tumor progression in VS after adjuvant GKRS following STR. As preservation of FN function is not correlated with the extent of resection, optimal volume reduction is imperative to achieve long-term tumor control. Our findings will help surgeons predict the prognosis of residual VS after FNpreserving surgery.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892155

ABSTRACT

Background@#Intended subtotal resection (STR) followed by adjuvant gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has emerged as an effective treatment option for facial nerve (FN) preservation in vestibular schwannomas (VSs). This study aimed to identify the optimal cutoff volume of residual VS to predict favorable outcomes in terms of both tumor control and FN preservation. @*Methods@#This retrospective study assessed the patients who underwent adjuvant GKRS for residual VS after microsurgery. A total of 68 patients who had been followed up for ≥ 24 months after GKRS were included. Tumor progression was defined as an increase in tumor volume (TV) of ≥ 20%. House-Brackmann grades I and II were considered to indicate good FN function. @*Results@#The median residual TV was 2.5 cm3 (range: 0.3–27.4). The median follow-up period after the first adjuvant GKRS was 64 months (range: 25.7–152.4). Eight (12%) patients showed tumor progression. In multivariate analyses, residual TV was associated with tumor progression (P = 0.003; hazard ratio [HR], 1.229; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.075–1.405).A residual TV of 6.4 cm3 was identified as the cut-off volume for showing the greatest difference in progression-free survival (PFS). The 5-year PFS rates in the group with residual TVs of < 6.4 cm3 (54 patients) and that with residual TVs of ≥ 6.4 cm3 (14 patients) were 93.3% and 69.3%, respectively (P = 0.014). A good FN outcome was achieved in 57 (84%) patients.Residual TV was not associated with good FN function during the immediate postoperative period (P = 0.695; odds ratio [OR], 1.024; 95% CI, 0.908–1.156) or at the last follow-up (P = 0.755; OR, 0.980; 95% CI, 0.866–1.110). @*Conclusion@#In this study, residual TV was associated with tumor progression in VS after adjuvant GKRS following STR. As preservation of FN function is not correlated with the extent of resection, optimal volume reduction is imperative to achieve long-term tumor control. Our findings will help surgeons predict the prognosis of residual VS after FNpreserving surgery.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922777

ABSTRACT

An eco-friendly and fast HPLC method was developed for the determination of adenosine, inosine, guanosine and uridine in Cordyceps and related products (fermented mycelia of Hirsutella sinensis andPaecilomyces hepiali). The sample was ultrasonically extracted using 0.5% phosphoric acid solutions for 2.5 min. Sample separation was performed on a Poroshell SB-Aq column (50 mm × 4.6 mm, 2.7 μm) using eco-friendly mobile phase consisting of formic acid and ammonium formate aqueous solution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cordyceps , Nucleosides
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle can improve the lower limb force line of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients with external femoral arch.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to October 2018, 50 patients (55 knees) with osteoarthritis with genu varus deformity combined with external femoral arch for TKA were selected. There were 10 males and 40 females. The age ranged from 63.1 to 80.5 years old, with an average of (67.8±5.8) years old. Forty-five cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral. The osteoarthritis stages of 55 knees were Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ; and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 10 years. PreoperativeSpecial Surgery (Hospital for Special Surgery) scores:pain was 15.20±3.52; function was 8.30±2.96;mobility was 10.15±2.85;muscle strength was 4.20±1.95;flexion deformity was 5.50±3.05;stability was 6.15±2.20; total score was 47.93±3.39. The external femoral arch angle ranged from 6.4° to 16.7°, with a mean of (10.63±2.29) °. The tibiofemoral angle ranged from 7.4° to 12.6°, with a mean of (12.04±3.59)°. The anatomical distal femoral angle ranged from 83.10° to 91.20°, with a mean of (84.55± 1.66)°. And the distance from the center of the knee joint to the lower limb line of force ranged from 2.01 to 6.00 cm, with a mean of (3.57±1.12) cm. During the replacement surgery, the femoral opening point and the valgus angle were individually set to obtain a good line of force of the lower limbs.@*RESULTS@#Before the operation, the distance of femoral opening point ranged from 0.24 to 0.74 cm, with a mean of (0.54±0.10) cm. The distance between the internal and external condyles of the femur ranged from 6.86 to 8.12 cm, with a mean of (7.27±0.27) cm. The preoperative valgus correction angle (VCA) ranged from 7.20° to 13.80°, with a mean of (9.38±1.38) °. The post-correction valgus correction angle' (VCA') ranged from 6.10° to 9.50°, with a mean of (7.36±0.82) °. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 36 months, with an average of (13.5±5.8) months. All patients obtained good knee function after operation. Three months after operation, HSS scores included pain of 25.30±3.05, function of 18.25±2.05, mobility of 16.05±0.75, muscle strength of 6.20±2.10, flexion deformity of 8.80±1.85, stability of 8.20±1.75; and the total score ranged from 90.00 to 93.00, with an average of 91.82±0.98. The total score was higher than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#In TKA combined with external femoral arch, good lower limb force line and knee joint function can be obtained by externally shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921383

ABSTRACT

Head and neck cancer is the seventh common cancer in the world, and various existing treatment strategies provide modest benefit for most patients with head and neck cancer. Meanwhile, therapeutic strategies lacking molecular typing significantly hinder the development of individualized treatment for head and neck cancer. In recent years, connected by preclinical models, the novel ideal has gradually reached a consensus in terms of facilitating inter-transformation of clinical problems and basic achievements. As a bridge between basic research and clinical transformation, patient-derived xenografts (PDX) models precisely replicate genetic characteristics and tumor evolution, which are displaying great vitality in elucidating the mechanism of tumorigenesis and progression. Moreover, cohorts composed of several PDX models highlight the unique advantages of mice for drug screening and biomarker analysis for patients. This ideal preclinical model explores potential treatment strategies suited the ethical standards as much as possible for patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Heterografts , Humans , Mice , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1049-1054, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature knowledge structure and acupoint matching rules of acupuncture for depression.@*METHODS@#The articles regarding acupuncture for depression published from January 1 of 1984 to October 19 of 2020 were searched in CNKI database. CiteSpace5.7.R2 software was used to import the literature data, and the keyword cluster analysis, emergence analysis and time-zone analysis of articles and acupoints were conducted, and the map of scientific knowledge was draw.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3524 articles were included to the knowledge structure analysis, while 601 articles into the acupoint matching rules analysis. There were 13 keyword clusters of acupuncture for depression, with "post-stroke depression" and "electroacupuncture treatment" as high-frequency keywords, and "electroacupuncture treatment" and "Hamilton depression scale" had high centrality, and "electroacupuncture treatment" had the highest emergence intensity. The keywords such as "electroacupuncture treatment" and "Hamilton depression scale", etc. appeared the earliest, followed by "post-stroke depression", "fluoxetine" and "auricular point therapy", etc. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, acupoint keywords were divided into four clusters: ①core acupoint, ②replenishing-spleen and dispelling phlegm, dispersing-liver and relieving depression, reinforcing @*CONCLUSION@#The main knowledge structure of acupuncture for depression includes five parts: treatment method, depression type, TCM-related diseases, literature type and curative effect index. Clinical acupoint matching should adhere to the principle of "focusing the disease before syndrome" and "combination of disease and syndrome", and treatment should be modified for the syndromes of phlegm stagnation blocking, liver-stagnation and


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878978

ABSTRACT

Single herbs and Chinese patent medicine preparations often have bad taste, such as bitterness and astringency, which is one of the key factors affecting patients' medication compliance, and would affect the therapeutic effect and restrict the extensive application in clinical practice. Therefore, how to make use of taste masking techniques to improve the bad taste of traditional Chinese medicines has become an important project. Through the collection and summarization of Chinese and foreign journals and papers in recent years, this paper discussed the generation mechanism of bitter taste, the new methods of masking bitter taste and the evaluation me-thods of bitter taste, in order to provide references for the taste masking of Chinese patent medicines preparations.


Subject(s)
Astringents , China , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/pharmacology , Taste
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL