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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 242-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913180

ABSTRACT

There are two serious obstacles to tumor immunotherapy. Firstly, the immune response of the tumor is seriously reduced due to immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (ITM) and low immunogenicity of tumor. The second obstacle is the dense and complex heterogeneous structures, which seriously prevent the nanoparticles (NPs) from penetrating deeper into tumor tissue. Immunogenic cell death (ICD) induced by doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective method to enhance tumor immune activity. However, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) secreted by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) after ICD induction would increase the expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and enhance ITM. IDO1 siRNA would reduce the expression of IDO1 protein, regulate the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment and regulate ITM, so as to enhance the ICD effect of DOX. In this paper, a novel charge conversional, particle size reduction and highly penetrable NPs based on a pH sensitive copolymer poly(ethylene glycol)-poly-L-lysine-2,3-dimethylmaleic anhydride (mPEG-PLL-DMA, PLD) and polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers to achieve deep delivery of tumor tissue. DOX and IDO1 siRNA were encapsulated to achieve efficient tumor immunotherapy. Preparation and cell level experiments showed that PLD material had significant pH sensitivity. Results of 3D tumor penetrable experiment in vitro showed that adding the pH sensitive material PLD significantly improved the permeability of the preparation. In addition, 4T1 tumor model was established for BALB/c mice and all animal experiments were displayed in according with the requirements of the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Shenyang Pharmaceutical University. The results of in vivo efficacy experiments and tissue experiments evaluated that IDO1 siRNA significantly improved the ICD effect owing to DOX, so as to significantly inhibit tumor growth.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 692-696, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene Val16Ala polymorphism and the susceptibility to prostate cancer.Methods:All literatures related to MnSOD gene polymorphism and susceptibility to prostate cancer were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, China Knowledge Network and Wanfang databases. The retrieval time was from the database establishment to September 19, 2018. Literature screening and data extraction were independently done by 2 investigators, and Meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 12.0 software.Results:A total of 17 studies were included in the final analysis, including 7 101 prostate cancer cases and 9 146 healthy controls (people working at hospital and the ordinary people). The results of Meta-analysis showed that MnSOD gene Val16Ala polymorphism was not associated with susceptibility to prostate cancer under the homozygous model ( OR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.02-1.23, P = 0.435), heterozygous model ( OR = 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.24, P = 0.765), dominant model ( OR = 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.23, P = 0.552) and allele comparison model ( OR = 1.07, 95% CI 1.02-1.12, P = 0.106). Conclusion:There may not be the relationship between MnSOD gene Val16Ala polymorphism and the susceptibility to prostate cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of Quality of Life Instruments for Cancer Patients-Leukemia (QLICP-LE) (V2.0).Methods:The quality of life of 101 patients with leukemia in First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University and First People′s Hospital of Yunnan Province from October 2011 to May 2012 were measured. The QLICP-LE (V2.0) was used for data collection, and the MCID for the overall score and scores of various domains of QLICP-LE (V2.0) were established by using the distribution-based approach including indexes of effect size, standard error of measurement (SEM), reliable change index, standardized response mean and responsiveness statistic, and the recommended values of MCID were determined through the consensus method.Results:The MCID formulated by the above five indexes were as follows: the total scale 1.4-9.3, physical functional domain 1.6-15.6, psychological functional domain 2.9-15.6, social functional domain 2.2-18.0, common symptoms and side-effects domain 1.7-17.1, common module 1.8-10.0, and the specific module 1.1-12.1. Through the expert consensus method, it was recommended to use the MCID results calculated by 1.96SEM: the total scale was 4, physical domain was 8, psychological domain was 8, social domain was 9, common symptoms and side-effects domain was 9, common module was 4, and the specific module was 6.Conclusion:Each index of distribution-based approach has its own advantages and disadvantages, which can be selected based on actual conditions. There is clinical significance when the score change of QLICP-LE (V2.0) of leukemia patients after treatment exceeds its MCID.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1842-1846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907071

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the prevalence of cell phone dependence and anxiety-depression co morbidity among college students, and to explore the association between cell phone dependence and anxiety-depression co morbidity among college students, in order to provide a reference basis for promoting the development of college students mental health.@*Methods@#Using a prospective study design, baseline survey was conducted in April-May 2019 among a random whole group sample of 1 135 individuals in two universities in Hefei, Anhui Province and Shangrao, Jiangxi Province, and a follow up survey was conducted in November 2019 among the sampled population, with a valid number of 1 110 individuals after matching with the baseline survey. The Self rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU) was used to assess college students cell phone dependence, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Self Rating Scale (DASS-21) to assess depression, anxiety, and anxiety depression co morbidity symptoms, and the self administered Health Related Behavior and Mental Health Questionnaire for College Students to report sleep duration.@*Results@#The detection rates of cell phone dependence among college students at baseline and follow up surveys were 24.5% and 27.7%, respectively, and the detection rates of anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and anxiety depression co morbidities were 28.7%, 21.3%, and 18.4%, respectively. The results of the binary Logistic regression model showed that cell phone dependence was positively associated with the risk of anxiety depression co morbid symptoms among college students at baseline ( OR =5.79, 95% CI =4.06-8.24) and after six months of follow up ( OR =2.62, 95% CI =1.86-3.69) ( P <0.01). The results of the moderating effect analysis showed that sleep duration moderated the association between cell phone dependence and anxiety depression co morbidities, and the interaction term was statistically significant ( β =0.08, 0.04, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Cell phone dependence in college students increases the risk of depressive and anxiety co morbid symptoms, and sleep mitigates effect of cell phone dependence on depressive and anxiety co morbid symptoms in college students.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Jieyu Qutan Huazhuo prescription(JQHP) on the gut microbiota of rats with high-fat diet,and to explore the effect of Chinese medicine on the regulation of gut microflora and the restoration of gut-liver axis balance. Method:Seventy male SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group of 10 and a model group of 60. Mice in the normal group were fed with normal diet and mice in the model group were fed high-fat diet. After 12 weeks,the model group was randomly divided into 6 groups with 10 animals in each group,namely the model group,Xuezhikang group,Liputuo group,and low,medium and high-dose groups of JQHP. The JQHP low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose rats were intragastrically daministered with 0.4,0.8,1.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>,respectively, rats in Liputuo group with Liputuo 2 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>,rats in Xuezhikang group with Xuezhikang 0.1 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The rats in the normal group and the model group were intragastrically administered with the same amount of distilled water. Stool were collected after continuous gavaging for 8 weeks,16S rRNA gene sequencing was performed,blood was collected from the abdominal aorta to detect blood lipids,and the liver tissue and ileum tissue were collected for hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining for pathomorphological observation. Result:Compared with the normal group,the total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) in the model group were significantly increased,while the high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group,TC and TG values were decreased significantly in Xuezhikang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01),HDL-C value was increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and in the Liputuo group TC and TG were decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group,the middle-dose group of JQHP had a certain alleviating effect on liver steatosis and could reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells. The JQHP could improve the proliferation of lymphoid tissues in the ileal structure,and the middle-dose group has the most significant effect. The results of Shannon curve showed that compared with the normal group,the middle-dose group of JQHP increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group,the middle and high-dose group of JQHP increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the middle-dose group of JQHP,the other drug group decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Principal component diversity analysis(PCA) showed that the diversity and abundance in the middle-dose JQHP group were higher than those in other drug groups. In linear discriminant analysis(LDA),compared with the normal group,Bacteroidia,Ruminococcaceae,<italic>Bacteroides </italic>S24-7,and <italic>Rumenococcus </italic>UCG-005 were down-regulated in the model group(<italic>P</italic><0.01),while the orders of Desulfovibrionales,Erysipelotrichales and<italic> </italic>Lachnospiraceae were up-regulated in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group,the Bacteroidia,Ruminococcaceae,<italic>Bacteroides</italic> S24-7,and <italic>Rumencoccus</italic> UCG-005 in the middle-dose JQHP group were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),and the orders of Erysipelotrichales were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the middle-dose JQHP group,Bacteroidia,Ruminococcaceae,<italic>Bacteroides</italic> S24-7,and <italic>Rumencoccus</italic> UCG-005 in other drug groups were reduced(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),and the order of Erysipelotrichales and Lachnospiraceae were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:JQHP can regulate the abundance and diversity of the gut microbiota,improve the state of liver tissue and ileum mucosa,regulate blood lipid levels,and restore the normal intestinal ecological environment. It may be related to the regulation of inflammation-related gut microbiota in order to restore the balance of the gut-liver axis,and the middle-dose JQHP group has the best effect.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Huluan decoction on the expression of apoptosis-related protein silence information regulator 1 (SIRT1), tumor suppressor gene (p53), acetylated p53 (Ac-p53), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (p21), and nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) p65 and changes in ovarian tissue structure of a mouse model with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) induced by tripterygium glycosides. Method:Fifty female C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into the blank group, model group, low- and high-dose Huluan decoction groups, and western medicine (estradiol valerate) group. After intragastric administration of tripterygium glycosides at 80 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> for 14 successive days, mice in the low- and high-dose Huluan decoction groups and western medicine group were treated with Huluan decoction at 1.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> and 6.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> and estradiol valerate at 0.13 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>, respectively, by gavage since the 15<sup>th</sup> day, while those in the blank group were provided with an equal amount of distilled water for 21 consecutive days. Following the last administration, the blood was sampled for detecting the levels of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) by ELISA and the ovary was harvested for observing the morphological changes by HE staining. The mRNA expression levels of p53 and p21 were measured by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of SIRT1, p53, p21, Ac-p53, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B were assayed by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited a disordered estrous cycle, diminished ovarian volume, decreased number of follicles at various developmental stages, reduced AMH, and elevated FSH and LH, and elevated p53,p21,Ac-p53,NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein expression and p53,p21 mRNA, reduced SIRT1 protein expression(<italic>P</italic><0.01). As revealed by the comparison with the model group, each medication group displayed an increased number of follicles, elevated AMH, reduced FSH and LH (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated SIRT1 protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and significantly down-regulated mRNA and protein expression of aging-related genes p53, p21, and down-regulated Ac-p53,NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Huluan decoction significantly reverses the aging process and improves ovarian function possibly by boosting the activity of SIRT1/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/p53/p21 pathway in ovarian cells, changing the apoptotic state, increasing the growing and mature follicles, and reducing the atretic follicles.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze gene variants in a Chinese pedigree with oculocutaneous albinism (OCA).@*METHODS@#Gene sequencing of the proband and his parents was performed using chip capture high-throughput sequencing and Sanger sequencing techniques, and PolyPhen-2, SIFT, MutationTaster, and FATHMM software were used to predict the function of new variants. At the same time,the pedigree and variant genes of 4 albinism patients from this pedigree were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Sequencing results showed that the proband's TYR gene (NM_000372) has c.230G>A (p.Arg77Gln) and c.120_121insG (p.Asp42GlyfsTer35) compound heterozygous variants. The proband's father carries c.230G>A heterozygous variant, and the mother carries c.120_121insG heterozygous variant, indicating that the proband's two variants are from his father and mother. The former is a known missense variant, which can cause abnormal or loss of the original function of the protein polypeptide chain. The latter c.120_121insG(p.Asp42GlyfsTer35) is an unreported frameshift variant of the TYR gene subregion (EX1; CDS1). PolyPhen-2, SIFT, MutationTaster and FATHMM predictions are all prompted as "harmful variants". This variant caused the amino acid encoded protein to terminate prematurely, producing a truncated protein, which eventually formed a 76-amino acid short-type TYR protein instead of the 529-amino acid wild-type TYR protein. Through the pedigree analysis, the four patients in the pedigree are all of the same type of compound heterozygous variants, and the disease-causing genes are all from the patient's parents. They belong to a special form of consanguineous marriage within 5 generations.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of c.230G>A (p.Arg77Gln) and c.120_121insG (p.Asp42GlyfsTer35) of the TYR gene may underlie the disease in this pedigree. The gene sequencing results enrich the variant spectrum of the TYR gene, and has facilitated molecular diagnosis for the patient.


Subject(s)
Albinism, Oculocutaneous/genetics , Consanguinity , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878993

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-MS/MS method for rapid and simultaneous determination of psoralen, isopsoralen, apigenin, genistein, bavaisoflavone, neobavaisoflavone, bavachin, bavachinin, psoralenoside, and isopsoralenoside of Psoraleae Fructus in beagle dog plasma was established, and then the method was applied in the pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by the software of WinNonlin. A Waters HSS-T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm)was used for liquid chromatography separation with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.004% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution.The mass spectrometry was detected using electrospray ion source(ESI) under multi-reaction monitoring mode(MRM), as well as positive ion mode. Analysis time only takes 8.5 min. The methodological study in terms of specificity, accuracy, precision, linear range, recovery, matrix effect, and stability, was validated. The LC-MS analysis method established in this experiment was simple, specific, accurate, reliable, and meet the requirement of pharmacokinetic study in plasma after administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. Six beagle dogs received intragastric administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract, T_(max) of 10 chemical components is 1.92-5.67 h; among them, C_(max) of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside is 383-3 613 ng·mL~(-1), and AUC_(0-∞) is 3 556-18 949 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.45-4.83 h. C_(max) of the remaining six compounds is 0.81-19.9 ng·mL~(-1), AUC_(0-∞ )is 6.54-178 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.95-7.29 h. The UPLC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was proved to be accurate and sensitive that it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of beagle dogs after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Dogs , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plasma , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888087

ABSTRACT

Coumarins are the main active components in Psoraleae Fructus. To study the multi-component pharmacokinetics of Psoraleae Fructus, this study established a sensitive and rapid ultra-pressure liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside, and isopsoralenoside in rat plasma. After validation, the method was applied to the investigation of pharmacokinetics of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside, and isopso-ralenoside in rats after single and multiple administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract. The results revealed that the exposure of psoralen and isopsoralen in rat plasma was high after a single intragastric administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract, with an AUC_(0-∞) of 443 619-582 680 and 167 314-276 903 ng·mL~(-1)·h~(-1), respectively. Compared with these two compounds, the exposure of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside was lower with marked gender difference. After 7-day administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to rats, the AUC_(0-∞) of psoralen and isopsoralen was 29 701-81 783 and 39 234-89 914 ng·mL~(-1)·h~(-1), respectively, which was significantly lower than that at the first day(P<0.05), and that of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside was 7 360-19 342 and 8 823-45 501 ng·mL~(-1)·h~(-1), respectively. There was no significant gender difference in exposure of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside in male and female rats. However, the exposure of psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside in male rats was reduced(P<0.05), and the t_(1/2) and mean residence time(MRT) were shortened, suggesting that the removal of these two compounds from the body was accelerated.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Benzofurans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ficusin , Furocoumarins/analysis , Glycosides , Psoralea , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886839

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between body mass index and the increase in body mass during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes in elderly pregnant women. Methods The clinical data was collected from 1,374 pregnant women who underwent regular prenatal care checkups and delivered a child at Jiangsu Maternity and Child Health Hospital from January 1, 2020 to May 1, 2020. According to the age of pregnant women, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), and gestational weight gain (GWG), the subjects were divided into different groups. The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes between groups was compared, and the correlation between pregnant women's age, pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG and adverse pregnancy outcomes was analyzed. Results Compared with the non-advanced age group, the elderly group had an increase in the incidence rate of gestational diabetes (GDM) (38.66% VS 19.54%), the incidence rate of large for gestational age (LGA) (LGA) (19.75% VS 14.43%), and the cesarean section rate (55.46% VS) 34.77%), and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (t=40.773, 4.270, 35.630, P=0.001, 0.039, 0.001). There were no significant differences between the non-advanced age group and the elder group in the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (10.92% VS 8.63%), the incidence of small for gestational age (2.52% VS 2.90%), and the incidence of neonatal asphyxia ( 2.10% VS 1.23%) (t=1.265, 0.105, 1.088, P=0.261, 0.746, 0.297). ). The incidence of GDM in overweight and obese elderly pregnant women was higher than that in underweight and normal pregnant women. The incidence of GDM in the elderly pregnant women with less GWG and excessive GWG was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.05). Conclusion The pre-pregnancy body mass index and the gain in body mass during pregnancy are related to the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring and management of pre-pregnancy body mass index and pregnancy body quality in elderly pregnant women.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 559-567, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the biomechanical characteristics and clinical outcomes of arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction for massive irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCT) using the long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) with tenotomizing its distally or not (the "Chinese way" ).Methods:Eight fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were used to create a MIRCT model by detaching the footprints of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons on the greater tuberosity. LHBT autograft was transferred and securely fixed onto the footprint of supraspinatus tendon for superior capsular reconstruction. Further, all cadaveric specimens were assigned to the tenotomy group or reservation group (4 cadaveric specimens in each group) according to whether the distal part of LHBT was tentomized or not. Biomechanical tests were conducted to observe the stiffness, ultimate load of fixed LHBT and to measure the length between LHBT tear site and its insertion on the superior labrum. A total of 41 patients with MIRCT who underwent arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction using LHBT autograft between July 2016 and December 2018 were enrolled in the study. There were 17 males and 24 females, aged from 46 to 76 years (62.6±7.3 years). All patients were assigned to the tenotomy group (23 cases) or reservation group (18 cases) according to whether the distal part of LHBT was tentomized or not. The visual analogue scale (VAS), University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Fudan University Shoulder Score (FUSS) were used to evaluate the clinical outcomes. The range of motion (ROM) of shoulder was recorded before and after operation. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess the structural integrity of reconstructed tissue at 12 months after operation (refers to the failure of the transposed LHBT, which may be accompanied by a retear of partial repaired supraspinatus tendon).Results:Biomechanical research showed that the stiffness, ultimate load of fixed LHBT and the length between LHBT tear site and its insertion on the superior labrum in the reservation group (54.0±6.6 N/mm, 141.8±15.9 N, 93.3±12.4 mm, respectively) were significantly higher than those in the tenotomy group (25.7±4.2 N/mm, 80.8±8.0 N, 47.4±2.0 mm, respectively) ( P<0.05). All patients were followed up for 12-18 months (14.5±1.8 months) without significant complications and adverse reactions. No matter the distal part of LHBT was tentomized or not, the ROM and clinical scores (VAS score, UCLA score, Constant-Murley score, ASES score and FUSS) of patients improved significantly at 1 year follow-up than that before operation ( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences between the reservation group and tenotomy group in terms of postoperative ROM [flexion, abduction, external rotation at side, internal rotation (vertebral level) were 144.3°±15.5° vs. 148.0°±10.3°, 145.1°±14.1° vs. 142.3°±11.2°, 67.3°±14.4° vs. 62.7°±11.7°, 8.3±2.1 vs. 7.8±2.5, respectively], VAS scores (2.3±1.6 vs.1.5±1.2), functional scores (Constant-Murley score, UCLA score, ASES score and FUSS were 88.2±11.4 vs. 85.6±9.6, 29.3±2.8 vs. 31.4±3.5, 86.8±11.8 vs. 82.6±9.2, 92.1±10.1 vs. 88.3±8.2, respectively) and structural failures (35.2% vs. 30.0%, P>0.05). Conclusion:Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction using LHBT with reserving its distal part could achieve higher mechanics strength. However, the short-term follow-up showed that tenotomizing the distal part of LHBT exerted no obvious influence on postoperative function and structural integrity.

12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 295-305, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878258

ABSTRACT

Cortical GABAergic inhibitory neurons are composed of three major classes, each expressing parvalbumin (PV), somatostatin (SOM) and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3A (Htr3a), respectively. Htr3a


Subject(s)
Animals , Interneurons/metabolism , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Parvalbumins/metabolism , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3/genetics , Serotonin , Somatostatin/metabolism
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1-9, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878229

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are a heterogenous group of macroglia present in all regions of the brain and play critical roles in many aspects of brain development, function and disease. Previous studies suggest that the B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein (BAX)-dependent apoptosis plays essential roles in regulating neuronal number and achieving optimal excitation/inhibition ratio. The aim of the present paper was to study whether BAX regulates astrocyte distribution in a region-specific manner. Immunofluorescence staining of SOX9 was used to analyze and compare astrocyte density in primary somatosensory cortex, motor cortex, retrosplenial cortex and hippocampus in heterozygous and homozygous BAX knockout mice at age of six weeks when cortical development has finished and glia development has reached a relatively steady state. The results showed that astrocyte density varied significantly among different cortical subdivisions and between cortex and hippocampus. In contrast to the significant increase in GABAergic interneurons, the overall and region-specific astrocyte density remained unchanged in the cortex when BAX was absent. Interestingly, a significant reduction of astrocyte density was observed in the hippocampus of BAX knockout mice. These data suggest that BAX differentially regulates neurons and astrocytes in cortex as well as astrocytes in different brain regions during development. This study provided important information about the regional heterogeneity of astrocyte distribution and the potential contribution of BAX gene during development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Hippocampus , Interneurons , Mice , Neurons , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880866

ABSTRACT

As an important component of the tumor microenvironment, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) secrete energy metabolites to supply energy for tumor progression. Abnormal regulation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is thought to contribute to glucose metabolism, but the role of lncRNAs in glycolysis in oral CAFs has not been systematically examined. In the present study, by using RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, we analyzed the lncRNA/mRNA profiles of normal fibroblasts (NFs) derived from normal tissues and CAFs derived from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). LncRNA H19 was identified as a key lncRNA in oral CAFs and was synchronously upregulated in both oral cancer cell lines and CAFs. Using small interfering RNA (siRNA) strategies, we determined that lncRNA H19 knockdown affected proliferation, migration, and glycolysis in oral CAFs. We found that knockdown of lncRNA H19 by siRNA suppressed the MAPK signaling pathway, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) and miR-675-5p. Furthermore, the lncRNA H19/miR-675-5p/PFKFB3 axis was involved in promoting the glycolysis pathway in oral CAFs, as demonstrated by a luciferase reporter system assay and treatment with a miRNA-specific inhibitor. Our study presents a new way to understand glucose metabolism in oral CAFs, theoretically providing a novel biomarker for OSCC molecular diagnosis and a new target for antitumor therapy.


Subject(s)
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glycolysis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphofructokinase-2/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction , Tumor Microenvironment
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of acupuncture on ovary morphology and function in dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) model rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 adult female Wistar rats were randomly allocated to 4 groups by a random number table, including control, model, metformin and acupuncture groups, 10 rats in each group. PCOS rat model was developed by injecting with DHEA (6 mg/100 g body weight) in 0.2 mL of oil subcutaneously. Electrical stimulation (2 Hz, 3 mA) was applied to Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA1) and Qihai (CV 6) acupoints for 30 min daily in the acupuncture group, and metformin (200 mg/kg) was given to rats in the metformin group, both once per day for 21 consecutive days, and rats in the normal group was fed with normal saline and fed regularly. After 21 days of administration, the rat blood samples were collected for detecting the reproductive hormonal levels [luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, rats in the acupuncture and metformin groups were significantly lower in weight gain, FSH, LH and T levels, and E@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture might improve ovary morphology and its function in DHEA-induced PCOS model rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score on the prognosis of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data 119 patients with MM who were diagnosed according to the international myeloma diagnostic criteria in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from April 2010 to October 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between clinical indexes, including age, sex, MM type, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (PLT), β@*RESULTS@#Compared with high-scoring group, low-scoring group had a better OS [median OS was 43.3 months and 127.67 months, respectively, 95% confidence interval (CI): 57.065-78.345, P=0.038]. At the same time, the low-scoring group also had higher level of ALC, ANC, AMC, Hb, PLT, ALB, and CHO but lower of GLO. Multivariate survival analysis showed that age (HR=1.027, 95%CI: 1.000-1.054, P=0.048), AMC (HR=11.284, 95%CI: 22.968-42.897, P<0.001), CONUT score (HR=1.198, 95%CI: 1.036-1.385, P=0.015), M protein (non-IgG/IgG type) type (HR=0.503, 95%CI: 0.259-0.977, P=0.043) were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The CONUT score as an immune-nutrition score is a convenient and easy-to-obtain index to effectively predict the prognosis of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Nutritional Status , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and fibrinogen (Fib) level for the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy and prognosis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The relationship between RDW/Fib at initial diagnosis and efficacy and the clinical outcome was retro-spectively analyzed based on the study of 105 patients with DLBCL. The patients were divided into two groups: low RDW group (≤15%) and high RDW group (>15%), low Fib group (Fib≤4 g/L) and high Fib group (Fib>4 g/L) according to the normal values of RDW and Fib. Therapeutic efficacy, overall survival (OS) time and progression free survival (PFS) time were compared between two groups. The correlation between each factors and efficacy, prognosis was analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression.@*RESULTS@#The therapeutic efficacy (P<0.001), OS time(P=0.004), and PFS time(P=0.007) were poorer in the high RDW group as compared with the low RDW group. The efficacy (P=0.015) and PFS time(P=0.04) were poorer in the high Fib group as compared with the low Fib group. Multivariate analysis showed that high RDW was the independent risk factor for efficacy of DLBCL patients (OR=3.394, 95% CI 1.093-10.539, P=0.035).@*CONCLUSION@#High RDW and high Fib associate with poor efficacy in DLBCL patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871625

ABSTRACT

Objective:In comparison with full sternotomy, we explore the safety and clinical efficacy of upper hemisternotomy for Stanford A acute aortic dissection.Methods:Retrospective analysis of 78 patients with Stanford type A acute aortic dissection from January 2014 to December 2018(20 patients underwent UHS invasive, 58 patients underwent FS invasive). Based on variables including gender、age、BMI、LVEF、Euro SCORE Ⅱ and type of surgery, two matched cohorts including 18 patients respectively were constructed: group UHS and group FS, the baseline data and perioperative indicators were analyzed.Results:Operative mortality was 3.9%(3 of 78). The patients'baseline data were nearly balanced between the two groups after matching( P>0.05), only 1 case died of infectious cerebral hemorrhage in the FS group. The UHS group had a shorter cardiopulmonary bypass time than the FS group[(202±41)min vs.(235±39)min, P=0.041]. There was no significant difference in aorta clamping time[(159±38)min vs.(158±59)min, P=0.918] and hypothermic circulatory arrest time[(40±10)min vs.(50±20)min, P=0.081] between the two groups. The bladder temperature in the UHS group was significantly higher than that in the FS group[(24.0±3.1)℃ vs.(28.2±2.3)℃, P=0.001]. Compared with the FS group, the UHS group had less red blood cell transfusion[(4.8±2.8)U vs.(7.2±3.9)U, P=0.038], less postoperative drainage[(855±657)ml vs.(1510±703)ml, P=0.007], shorter ventilation support time(22 h vs. 58 h, P=0.037), shorter intensive care unit retention time[(4.6±2.7) days vs.(7.2±2.8) days, P=0.009], and shorter postoperative hospital stay time[(8.2±3.8) days vs.(18.4±3.8) days, P=0.001], but the incidence of pericardial puncture was higher in the UHS group[7(33%) vs. 1(6%), P=0.041]. 3 cases had postoperative renal insufficiency(requires dialysis), 5 cases(13.9%)had neurological complications, 1 case received re-exploration in the two groups respectively. Conclusion:The upper hemisternotomy approach is safe and feasible for Stanford A acute aortic dissection, with excellent early outcomes.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the feasibility of a self-designed laparoscopic magnetic anchoring device for assisting thoracoscopic wedge resection.Methods:Six healthy Beagle dogs were selected as animal models, and underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection after general anesthesia. We replaced the pulmonary forceps with a magnetic anchoring device to complete the traction exposure of the lobes, and recorded the operation time of the operation, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, and the safety and feasibility of the magnetic anchoring device.Results:Six Beagle dogs successfully completed a thoracoscopic wedge resection with the aid of a magnetic anchoring device. During the operation, the magnetic anchoring device can completely replaced the exposure function of the pulmonary forceps, effectively eliminating the " chopstick effect" between the instruments during the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic operation. The magnetic anchoring device provided sufficient traction for the surgery to achieve a clear exposure of the field. Tissue damage and magnetic anchoring pliers slip did not occur during the operation. The operation time was(22.67±3.25)min(range 18-26 min), and the intraoperative blood loss was less than 10 ml. The experimental animals survived well after surgery.Conclusion:Magnetic anchoring device is safe and effective for thoracoscopic wedge resection, which can eliminate mutual interference between operating instruments and has potential for clinical application.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871021

ABSTRACT

A case of amniotic band syndrome (ABS) was reported here.No obvious fetal abnormality was revealed by systematic ultrasound at 22+4 weeks of gestation.At 30 weeks of gestation,the pregnant woman was found to have excessive amniotic fluid and possible fetal edema according to ultrasound images and admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University.After admission,she received diet control to lower blood glucose and amniotic fluid reduction.The dynamic amniotic fluid index was measured by ultrasound,and the electrical fetal heart rate was monitored daily.Since 32 weeks of gestation,progressive reduction in fetal movement with sinusoidal fetal heart rate pattern was observed.An emergent cesarean section was performed due to fetal distress at a gestational age of 32+3 weeks.During the operation,a porous amniotic membrane was found,from the umbilical cord insertion of the placenta to the ankle of the left lower limb of the fetus.Amniotic band constricting left ankle of newborn and the edema of the left foot was obvious,then ABS was diagnosed.This amniotic band affected the left foot of the fetus directly,while there was not enough evidence whether the flake amniotie membrane near the umbilical cord insertion of the placenta could affect the fetus.This premature infant died of neonatal asphyxia 24 hours after birth.

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