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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9869, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142585

ABSTRACT

Severe blockage in myeloid differentiation is the hallmark of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Trdmt1 plays an important role in hematopoiesis. However, little is known about the function of Trdmt1 in AML cell differentiation. In the present study, Trdmt1 was up-regulated and miR-181a was down-regulated significantly during human leukemia HL-60 cell differentiation after TAT-CT3 fusion protein treatment. Accordingly, miR-181a overexpression in HL-60 cells inhibited granulocytic maturation. In addition, our "rescue" assay demonstrated that Trdmt1 3′-untranslated region promoted myeloid differentiation of HL-60 cells by sequestering miR-181a and up-regulating C/EBPα (a critical factor for normal myelopoiesis) via its competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) activity on miR-181a. These findings revealed an unrecognized role of Trdmt1 as a potential ceRNA for therapeutic targets in AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases/genetics , Cell Differentiation , HL-60 Cells
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between preoperative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) levels and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery.Methods:We prospectively selected 123 patients who received OPCABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to October 2019, and collected relevant preoperative and postoperative data. Patients were divided into a normal Hs-CRP group(78 cases) and an elevated Hs-CRP group(45 cases)according to the cutoff value (2 mg/L) of Hs-CRP level. The data of the two groups were compared, and regression analysis was performed on the postoperative data with differences to define independent factors.Results:The leukocyte count in the Hs-CRP group was significantly higher than that in the normal Hs-CRP group[(6.5±1.6)×10 9/ml vs. (7.4±2.1) ×10 9/ml, t=-2.839, P=0.005]. In the elevated Hs-CRP group, proportion of patients with atrial post-CABG atrial fibrillation (38% vs. 19%, χ2=5.100, P=0.024), duration of hospitalization[(21.2±7.1)days vs.(16.0±4.6)days, t=-4.469, P=0.000], hospital costs[(143.1±30.7)×10 3 yuan vs. (123.7±21.8)×10 3 yuan, t=-4.090, P=0.000]were significantly higher than those in the normal Hs-CRP level group. Smoking ( OR=1.660, 95% CI: 1.186-1.993, P=0.031) and Hs-CRP ( OR=1.170, 95% CI: 1.050-1.294, P=0.007) were independent risk factors for post-CABG atrial fibrillation. Hs-CRP ( B=0.436, 95% CI: 0.197-0.675, P=0.000) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, B=-0.180, 95% CI: -0.289--0.071, P=0.001) were independent influencing factors of duration of hospitalization. Hypertension ( B=-11.256, 95% CI: -20.670--1.842, P=0.020), Hs-CRP( B=1.235, 95% CI: 0.217-2.254, P=0.018) and LVEF ( B=-1.168, 95% CI: -1.634--0.702, P=0.000) were independent influencing factors of hospital costs. Conclusion:The preoperative Hs-CRP level of OPCABG is an independent influencing factor of post-CABG atrial fibrillation, duration of hospitalization and hospital costs. This finding lays the foundation for Hs-CRP combined with other indicators to accurately predict the prognosis of OPCABG and screen high-risk patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 280-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess if metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of periprosthetic joint tissue can provide an alternative rapid and sensitive tool for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), especially compared to microbiological culture.Methods:A total of 33 eligible patients who underwent revision arthroplasty from June 2019 to June 2020 in orthopedic surgery department of the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-one patients were included in PJI group according to the American Academy of Musculoskeletal Infection diagnostic criteria, with 17 cases of knee and 4 cases of hip, including 9 cases of male and 12 cases of female, with an average age of 59.14±14.55 years old (range from 28 to 84), and an average BMI of 23.7±2.8 kg/m 2 (range from 17.7 to 29.4 kg/m 2). Twelve patients were included in aseptic loosening group (control group), with 4 cases of knee and 8 cases of hip, including 4 cases of male and 8 cases of female, with an average age of 53.08±10.05 years old (range from 39 to 70), and an average BMI of 25.2±2.9 kg/m 2 (range from 18.3 to 31.2 kg/m 2 ). Microbiological culture results of synovial fluid and periprosthetic joint tissue and mNGS results of periprosthetic joint tissue were collected. The sensitivity and specificity of mNGS and microbiological culture were calculated and compared. The species of pathogenic microorganismsdetected by the two techniques were summarized. In addition, the impact of antibiotic use on the efficacy of both techniques were compared. Results:mNGS detected 13 positive cases and microbiological culture detected 6 positive cases in the PJI group. In the aseptic loosening group, 1 case was determined positive by mNGS, and all the microbiological culture results were negative. In the diagnosis of PJI, mNGS showed significantly higher sensitivity than that of culture (61.9% vs 28.6%, χ2=4.71, P=0.03), while no statistical difference was observed in terms of specificity (91.7% vs 100%, χ2=1.04, P=0.31). In the PJI cases with prior exposure to antibiotics within two weeks, the sensitivity of mNGS was significantly higher than that of culture (53.8% vs 15.4%, χ2=4.25, P=0.04). However, there was no significant difference in the sensitivity between mNGS and culture in patients without antibioticsexposure (66.7% vs 44.4%, χ2=0.90, P=0.34). In the detection of pathogenic microorganism, mNGS detected 9 kinds of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus family, Moraxella Oslo, Propionibacterium acnes, Streptococcus acnes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus Lyons, Bacteroides fragilis) and 2 kinds of fungi (Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida parapsilosis), while microbiological culture detected 3 kinds of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and one kind of fungi (Candida parapsilosis). mNGS and microbiological culture were both positive in 5 cases, among which 3 cases had completely matched results (Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Candida parapsilosis), one case had partly matched results (mNGS detected more bacteria than culture) and one case had totally mismatched results. Additionally, in the diagnosis of the 3 included tuberculous PJI, mNGS showed 100% specificity and sensitivity. Conclusion:mNGS of periprosthetic joint tissue is a more powerful tool for diagnosis and pathogen detection of PJI compared to microbiological culture, especially in the diagnosis of tuberculosis PJI. Besides, mNGS is more resistant to antibiotic exposure than culture.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884269

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of replacing the femoral prosthesis and implanting antibiotic calcium sulfate carriers in a two-stage revision for periprosthetic infection following total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods:Between May 2017 and January 2020, 35 patients were admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital to Zhengzhou University for periprosthetic infection after TKA. They were 12 males and 23 females, aged from 49 to 84 years (average, 67.9 years). The two-stage revision for periprosthetic infection was performed for all of them and replacement of femoral prosthesis and implantation of antibiotic calcium sulfate carriers were carried out in stage-one revision. Recorded were postoperative culture of micro-organisms, white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) before stage-one and stage-two revisions; the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score, range of motion (ROM) and American Knee Society Score (KSS) were compared between preoperation and the last follow-up.Results:Postoperative negative culture was found in 22 cases (62.9%), and positive one in 13 cases (37.1%) of which 4 were caused by Staphylococcus aureus, 2 by Staphylococcus epidermidis, 2 by Candida glabrata, 2 by Candida parapsilosis, one by Candida albicans, one by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and one by Escherichia coli. WBC, ESR and CRP decreased on average from 13.67×10 9/L, 49.71 mm/h and 45.13 mg/L before stage-one revision to 6.44×10 9/L, 18.79 mm/h and 7.82 mg/L before stage-two revision. All patients were followed up for an average of 22.4 months (from 8 to 41 months). At the last follow-up, ROM, HSS and KSS were significantly increased from preoperative 73.2°±15.9°, 59.5±14.6 and 36.1±6.0 to 105.6°±13.2°, 84.3±10.0 and 86.1±5.6, respectively ( P<0.05). None of the patients showed any sign of re-infection at the last follow-up. Conclusion:For patients with periprosthetic infection following total knee arthroplasty, replacing femoral prosthesis and implantation of antibiotic calcium sulfate carriers can well control infection, facilitating recovery of range of motion and function after surgery.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 305-310, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of fluid therapy on volume and coagulation function in patients with severe postpartum hemorrhage during cesarean section of placenta accreta under the guidance of inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) and inferior vena cava collapse index (IVC-CI).Methods:A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in 60 pregnant women with severe postpartum hemorrhage (blood loss ≥ 1 000 mL) who were hospitalized for delivery or referred for delivery in the Peking University Third Hospital from December 2018 to July 2019. The patients were divided into routine fluid replacement group and goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group (goal-oriented fluid replacement therapy was given) according to the different ways of fluid replacement. The hemodynamics, blood gas analysis, coagulation function, total fluid replacement, urine volume, prognosis, intraoperative vasoactive drugs utilization rate and postoperative adverse events were recorded before skin incision, after the fetus delivered, postpartum hemorrhage and at the end of operation, and the differences of these indices between the two groups were compared.Results:① Hemodynamics: the heart rate (HR) of the two groups were reached the peak during postpartum hemorrhage, but there was no significant difference in HR at each time point between the two groups. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) was decreased at first and then increased in both groups, and reached the trough at postpartum hemorrhage, but the MAP in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly higher than that in the routine fluid replacement group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 75.6±10.7 vs. 69.2±8.9, P < 0.05]. In the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group, the central venous pressure (CVP) was increased slightly after the fetus delivered and then stabilized, while in the routine fluid replacement group, the CVP was increased at first and then decreased, and reached the peak in postpartum hemorrhage. During postpartum hemorrhage, CVP in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that in the routine fluid replacement group [cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa): 9.5±3.9 vs. 11.4±3.4, P < 0.05]. ② Arterial blood gas: partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) in arterial blood at the end of operation in both groups were higher than those in postpartum hemorrhage. There was no significant difference in PaO 2 at the end of operation between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and routine fluid replacement group (mmHg: 189.3±100.5 vs. 240.2±126.3, P > 0.05). The PaCO 2 in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that in the routine fluid replacement group (mmHg: 34.6±4.6 vs. 36.8±4.1, P < 0.05). The lactic acid (Lac) at the end of operation of the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower than that of the routine fluid replacement group (mmol/L: 2.2±0.6 vs. 2.6±1.1, P < 0.05). ③ Liquidintake and output volume: the total infusion volume, crystal fluid infusion volume and suspended red blood cell infusionvolume in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group were significantly less than those in the routine fluid replacement group [total infusion volume (mL): 3 385.9±1 144.1 vs. 4 448.3±1 194.4, crystal infusion volume (mL): 2 635.6±789.7 vs. 3 160.0±860.3, suspended red blood cell input volume (mL): 695.6±366.2 vs. 911.1±284.7, all P < 0.05], and the utilization rate of vasoactive drugs in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was decreased significantly during operation [13.3% (4/30) vs. 60.0% (18/30), P < 0.05]. The amount of bleeding in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was also significantly less than that in the routine fluid replacement group (mL: 1 451.7±373.8 vs. 1 725.9±372.8, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in urine volume between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and the routine fluid replacement group (mL: 369.0±262.7 vs. 485.0±286.8, P > 0.05). ④ Coagulation function: at the end of operation, the prothrombin time (PT) in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly shorter than that in the routine fluid replacement group (s: 10.9±0.6 vs. 11.2±0.6), and the fibrinogen (Fib) in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly higher than that in the routine fluid replacement group (g/L: 3.7±0.5 vs. 2.9±0.8), and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05).⑤ Prognostic index: compared withthe routine fluid replacement group, the proportion of patients transferred to intensive care unit (ICU) at the end of operation in the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group was significantly lower [16.7% (5/30) vs. 66.7% (20/30), P < 0.05], and ICU length-of-stay was significantly shorter [hours: 0 (0, 24) vs. 24 (0, 24), P < 0.05], but there was no significant difference in the incidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute renal injury (AKI) or hysterectomy between the goal-oriented fluid resuscitation group and the routine fluid replacement group [the incidence of DIC: 0% (0/30) vs. 6.7% (2/30), the incidence of AKI: 0% (0/30) vs. 3.3% (1/30), the hysterectomy rate: 10.0% (3/30) vs. 26.7% (8/30), all P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Fluid resuscitation guided by IVC-CI can effectively reduce the volume of blood and fluid transfusion and blood loss in patients with severe postpartum hemorrhage and improve their blood coagulation function.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of autism screening checklists in the early identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 2 571 children who attended the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and completed autism screening and diagnostic test were enrolled as subjects, among whom 2 074 were diagnosed with ASD, 261 were diagnosed with global developmental delay (GDD), 206 were diagnosed with developmental language disorder (DLD), and 30 had normal development. The sensitivity, specificity, and optimal threshold value of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) and the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) for the early identification of ASD were evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.@*RESULTS@#The M-CHAT had a high sensitivity of 88.3% but a low specificity of 36.0% for the identification of ASD. Its sensitivity decreased with age, and was maintained above 80% for children aged 16 to < 48 months. The ABC had a high specificity of 87.3% but a low sensitivity of 27.2%, with an optimal cut-off value of 47.5 based on the ROC curve analysis. The multivariate linear regression model based on a combination of the M-CHAT and ABC for screening of ASD showed a specificity of 85.8% and a sensitivity of 56.6%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The M-CHAT has a high sensitivity and a low specificity in the identification of ASD, with a better effect in children aged 16 to < 48 months. The ABC has a high specificity and a low sensitivity. The multiple linear regression model method based on the combined M-CHAT and ABC to screen ASD appears to be effective.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis , Autistic Disorder , Checklist , Humans , Infant , Mass Screening , ROC Curve
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the serological, molecular and genetic characteristics of an individual with para-Bombay blood group.@*METHODS@#Serological method was used to detect the presence of A, B, H antigens in red blood cells and saliva, and Sanger sequencing was used to analyze the FUT1 gene of the proband and her family members. Genetic mechanism of the blood group was analyzed by pedigree analysis.@*RESULTS@#Forward and reverse typing of the ABO blood group were inconsistent for the proband. A, B and H antigens were not found on erythrocytes, while B and H antigens were found in saliva, in addition with unexpected antibodies. The proband was found to have a genotype of ABO*B.01/ABO*O.01.04 caused by homozygous variant of c.948C>A (p.Tyr316Ter) of the FUT1 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel para-Bombay blood group was identified, which was due to the missense variant of c.948C>A in the coding region of the FUT1 gene, which has probably resulted in inability to synthesis active H antigen transferase.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Female , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Phenotype
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878437

ABSTRACT

When design an implant restoration for edentulous patients, many doctors ignore the sufficiency of the interarch distance (vertical distance) or horizontal distance of the patient to accommodate the superstructure and restoration before designing the implant plan. However, the connotation of measuring the interarch distance or horizontal distance has not been clarified in clinical practice. It is often based on visual estimation after operation, and the decision-making path of implant restoration is inverted, resulting in many mistakes regarding the restoration after implantation. The main reason is the lack of standardized paths and practical methods to use before surgery. This article recommended initially establishing a maxillo-mandibular relationship based on natural teeth, old dentures, or new ones and then using the height and horizontal distance or angle of the target restorative space, which was easier to grasp as the measured index. The minimum vertical distance (including the height of the gingival surface and the bone surface) and the horizontal distance (or the angle from the bone or gingival surface to the proposed occlusal plane) should be measured before operation. A decision tree of edentulous jaw restoration guided by the values of the repair space was established based on the measured values. This article clarified the measuring points and planes and thus provided a quantitative relationship basis for the design of implant restoration.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible , Mouth, Edentulous
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878403

ABSTRACT

Tooth preparation is a common operation in dental clinical practice. This procedure is irreversible and invasive from the point of view of tooth preservation. Conditions of the abutment tooth, treatment methods, and restoration materials for target restoration affect tooth preparation. To achieve the goals of tooth tissue preservation, dental pulp protection, and periodontal health, dentistry professionals agreed on the importance of minimizing the amount of tooth reduction. The foundations for realizing this consensus are as follows. First, the available restoration materials with improved comprehensive performance need less target restoration space. Next, teeth can be prepared under a digital guide, and the real-time measurement of restoration space can be verified due to the invention of digital technologies for the analysis of the quantity and shape of the prepared tooth and tooth measurement. Moreover, guiding methods for preparation have been developed from freehand operation under the naked eye based on accumulated personal experience to digital-guidance jointing microscope. These innovations indicate the creation of a prototype of guided prosthodontics that is precise and applies real-time measurement throughout the process of tooth preparation. From the perspective of the evolution of digital, guided, and micro prosthodontics, this article raised seven questions about the numerical value and quantitative data transfer of tooth preparation and evaluated the authenticity of existing numerical requirements from the perspective of the four elements of measurement. Identifying unified measuring methods and developing measuring tools with a precision of hundred or ten microns will be the key to solving the problem about the authenticity of numerical measurement. Furthermore, this paper summarizes the methods of how to control tooth reduction and explains in depth why the currently dominant tooth preparation technology, which is based on empiricism, cannot effectively achieve the goals in digital prosthodontics. Therefore, we strongly call for rebuilding the digital foundation of prosthodontic treatment immediately.


Subject(s)
Prosthodontics , Tooth , Tooth Preparation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878333

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to investigate the correlation of an ultrasonic scoring system with intraoperative blood loss (IBL) in placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2015 and November 2019. Clinical data for patients with PAS have been obtained from medical records. Generalized additive models were used to explore the nonlinear relationships between ultrasonic scores and IBL. Logistic regressions were used to determine the differences in the risk of IBL ≥ 1,500 mL among groups with different ultrasonic scores.@*Results@#A total of 332 patients participated in the analysis. Generalized additive models showed a significant positive correlation between score and blood loss. The amount of IBL was increased due to the rise in the ultrasonic score. All cases were divided into three groups according to the scores (low score group: ≤ 6 points, @*Conclusions@#The risk of blood loss equal to or greater than 1,500 mL increases further when ultrasonic score greater than or equal to 10 points, the preparation for transfusion and referral mechanism should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Logistic Models , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/statistics & numerical data
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1441-1449, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878189

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Andersson lesions (ALs) are not uncommon in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Plain radiography (PR) is widely used for the diagnosis of ALs. However, in our practice, there were some ALs in AS patients that could not be detected on plain radiographs. This study aimed to propose the concept of occult ALs and evaluate the prevalence and radiographic characteristics of the occult ALs in AS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 496 consecutive AS patients were admitted in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University between April 2003 and November 2019 and they were retrospectively reviewed. The AS patients with ALs who met the following criteria were included for the investigation of occult ALs: (1) with pre-operative plain radiographs of the whole-spine and (2) availability of pre-operative computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the whole-spine. The occult ALs were defined as the ALs which were undetectable on plain radiographs but could be detected by CT and/or MRI. The extensive ALs involved the whole discovertebral junction or manifested as destructive lesions throughout the vertebral body. Independent-samples t test was used to compare the age between the patients with only occult ALs and those with only detectable ALs. Chi-square or Fisher exact test was applied to compare the types, distribution, and radiographic characteristics between detectable and occult ALs as appropriate.@*RESULTS@#Ninety-two AS patients with a mean age of 44.4 ± 10.1 years were included for the investigation of occult ALs. Twenty-three patients had occult ALs and the incidence was 25% (23/92). Fifteen extensive ALs were occult, and the proportion of extensive ALs was significantly higher in detectable ALs (97% vs. 44%, χ2 = 43.66, P < 0.001). As assessed by PR, the proportions of osteolytic destruction with reactive sclerosis (0 vs. 100%, χ2 = 111.00, P < 0.001), angular kyphosis of the affected discovertebral units or vertebral body (0 vs. 22%, χ2 = 8.86, P = 0.003), formation of an osseous bridge at the intervertebral space adjacent to ALs caused by the ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (38% vs. 86%, χ2 = 25.91, P < 0.001), and an abnormal height of the affected intervertebral space were all significantly lower in occult ALs (9% vs. 84%, χ2 = 60.41, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Occult ALs presented with more subtle radiographic changes. Occult ALs should not be neglected, especially in the case of extensive occult ALs, because the stability of the spine might be severely impaired by these lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Kyphosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnostic imaging
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1008-1011, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876745

ABSTRACT

@#Numerous studies have indicated that high myopiais associated with a higher risk for glaucomatous optic neuropathy. However, structural and functional changes induced by glaucoma can be confounded by high myopia because the latter itself can cause a series of retinal and nerve fiber layer damage. In order to find glaucomatous changes in high myopia and reduce the potential of missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis, a deep understanding of clinical features of high myopia with glaucoma was needed. This artical summarizes the functional roles and potential difficulties of classical stuctural and functional investigations in diagnosis of high myopia with glaucoma. This review is also introduced some possible solutions to navigate this diagnostic dilemma.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 497-499, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873452

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To test concentrations of IL-37 and IL-6 in aqueous humor samples of patients with primary open angle glaucoma(POAG), and analyze the potential relationship to intraocular pressure(IOP)and mean defect of visual field. <p>METHODS: Prospective consecutive non-randomized comparative cohort study was conducted. Totally 25 POAG patients and 25 age related cataract(ARC)patients in Nanjing Medical University Eye Hospital from June, 2019 to January, 2020 were collected. The levels of IL-37 and IL-6 in the aqueous humor were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The IOP and mean defect of visual field of patients in the POAG group were also measured.<p>RESULTS: The IL-37 concentrations in aqueous humor of POAG group and control group were 25.80±2.87pg/mL and 23.75±3.88pg/mL respectively(<i>P</i><0.05). The IL-6 concentrations in aqueous humor of POAG group and control group were 43.87±7.75pg/mL and 36.53±7.60pg/mL respectively(<i>P</i><0.05). In POAG group, the concentration of IL-37 was significantly positively correlated with mean defect of visual field(<i>r</i>=0.4520, <i>P</i><0.05), the concentration of IL-6 was significantly positively correlated with IOP(<i>r</i>=0.5817, <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Significant differences in aqueous humor levels of IL-37 and IL-6 between glaucoma and control patients support the hypothesis that immune inflammation are involved in the pathogenesis of POAG.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879197

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we first introduced the concept of digital twin(DT) based key technologies for intelligent manufacturing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and applied DT in two case studies of novel extraction equipment for traditional Chinese medicine and drying equipment for Chinese medicine pills to illustrate the advantages of DT in development of new pharmaceutical technology and optimization of pharmaceutical equipment structure. Furthermore, we discussed the feasibility to adopt DT in the production process of TCM for formation of data-driven real-time optimization of production process and dynamic prediction `of operation and maintenance service. The "ruled" production mode based on data and driven by algorithm was constructed to realize the technical scheme of quality perception, evaluation, prediction, intelligent control and intelligent decision-making in product life cycle.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Technology, Pharmaceutical
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879018

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated and purified from the water extract of Artemisia annua by column chromatography of HP-20 macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, HW-40, and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties and spectral analyses. As a result, Fifteen compounds were isolated and identified as vitexnegheteroin M(1), sibricose A5(2), securoside A(3), citrusin D(4), annphenone(5), E-melilotoside(6), esculetin(7), scopoletin-7-O-β-D-glucoside(8), eleutheroside B_1(9), chrysosplenol D(10), patuletin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(11), quercetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside(12), rutin(13), apigenin 6,8-di-C-β-D-glucopyranoside(14), isoschaftoside(15), among them, compounds 1-4 were identified from Artemisia for the first time. Additionally, the isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the production of PGE_2 in LPS-simulated RAW264.7 macrophages. The results showed that compounds 1, 2, 8, and 10-15 could reduce PGE_2 levels, to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Apigenin , Artemisia annua , Quercetin , Rutin
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 125-130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787665

ABSTRACT

To discuss the surgical technique of lateral unicondylar knee replacement (UKR) for patients with lateral compartment osteoarthritis and evaluate its recent clinical efficacy. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 22 cases of lateral compartment osteoarthritis patients receiving lateral UKR at Orthopedic Department, Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2019.There were 8 males (8 knees) and 14 females (14 knees), aged 65.7 years(range: 54 to 83 years). All patients completed preoperative imaging examination and excluded extra-articular deformity. Lateral parapelatellar approach was used for the operation and the tibial osteotomy was performed by extramedullary positioning.The residual cartilage of the external condyle was removed by pendulum saw to subchondral bone.Appropriate prosthesis were selected, and the tightness of the gap and the stability of the joints were repeatedly confirmed during the operation. The postoperative complications and the results of physical and imaging examinations were collected. The preoperative and postoperative Oxford knee Score (OKS) and knee society score (KSS) of patients were recorded and compared by paired test. All patients were followed up for 24.6 months (range: 8 to 40 months). No complications such as incision exudation, skin necrosis and deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs were found after the operation.No cases of prosthesis loosening, excessive wear of pads, dislocation and postoperative infection were found at the last follow-up.The OKS decreased from 46.5±3.1 preoperative to 22.4±3.3 postoperative(13.4, 0.00) and KSS improved from 69.5±8.7 preoperative to 90.2±7.4 postoperative (16.9, 0.00). For the treatment of lateral compartment osteoarthritis, UKR has the advantages of rapid recovery of knee function, less complications and less trauma.The short-term efficacy is satisfactory, but the long-term efficacy remains to be observed.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 82-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781859

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the difference and influential factors of clinical prognosis between liver transplantation with autoimmune liver disease (AILD) and viral hepatitis cirrhosis. Methods Clinical data of 75 recipients undergoing liver transplantation from January 2002 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the AILD group (n=25) and viral hepatitis cirrhosis group (n=50). The intraoperative conditions of the recipients were observed including warm ischemia time, cold ischemia time, operation time, anhepatic phase and blood transfusion volume. Postoperative complications were observed including severe acute kidney injury (AKI), infection, acute rejection, biliary tract-related complications, vascular-related complications and post transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM). The follow-up status were monitored after discharge. The prognostic factors of liver transplant recipients were analyzed. Results The warm ischemia time, cold ischemia time, operation time and anhepatic phase did not significantly differ between two groups (all P > 0.05). In the AILD group, the incidence of postoperative acute rejection was remarkably higher, whereas the incidence of postoperative severe AKI was significantly lower than those in the viral hepatitis cirrhosis group (both P < 0.05). The postoperative 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates in the AILD group was 92%, 87%, and 87%, which did not significantly differ from 88%, 88% and 88% in the viral hepatitis cirrhosis group (all P > 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that age, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, severe AKI, infection and biliary tract-related complications were the influencing factors of clinical prognosis of the recipients (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The overall survival prognosis does not significantly differ between the AILD and viral hepatitis cirrhosis groups. Age, MELD score, severe AKI, infection and biliary tract-related complications are the risk factors affecting the clinical prognosis of liver transplantation recipients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781335

ABSTRACT

Identifying the ideal implantation site is important for the long-term stability and effectiveness of follow-up restorations. Implant surgical guide and navigation are used to determine the implantation site in clinic and improve the precision of implantation. However, due to difficulties in digital methods, such as multiple procedures, high cost, and actual accuracy of more than 1 mm, many physicians still prefer to operate with free hand. In preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative procedures, time-saving and practical methods for implant site evaluation are lacking. In many cases, oral physicians found that the position deviates only by cone beam CT, which was costly to modify the position. In this article, we presented a precise implantation insertion technology that is guided by a measurable technique throughout the implantation application for all implant systems. This method was guided by a dynamic control measuring ruler, which functions together with the measuring and intraoperative locating rulers. The 3D space of the operative area was measured by a measuring ruler prior to operation, and the implant plan and quantitative guidance design were conducted according to the measured and cone beam CT data. The whole implantation process was guided by the dynamic control measuring ruler, and measuring verification results were also considered. This method can realize the quantification of the entire preoperative space analysis, intraoperative precise implantation guidance, and postoperative site measurement and evaluation. This practical technique also helps to adjust the position, improve the implantation accuracy and is suitable in generalizing dental implantation.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Patient Care Planning , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869182

ABSTRACT

Anti-thyroid drug (ATD), radioactive iodine (RAI) and thyroidectomy are treatment options for Graves disease (GD). Treatment strategies for Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) patients include thyroid function control, oral or intravenous corticosteroids, orbital radiotherapy or orbital decompression surgery. However, current treatments for GD and GO are also less ideal because they target the signs and symptoms rather than the pathogenic mechanisms. The development of treatment strategies that targeting the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) or insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) alone or in combination may yield effective and better tolerated treatments for GD and GO. This paper reviews the progress and limitations of the 2 methods.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 217-225, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate long-term results of growth friendly non-fusion technique (GF) in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS).Methods:From August 2008 to October 2019, a total of 26 EOS patients (mean age 7.2±2.4 years old) who had completed surgery with GF treatment, including 12 males and 14 females, were reviewed retrospectively. Among them, 16 patients underwent growing rod treatment while 10 patients underwent vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) treatment. All patients had minimum 2 lengthening procedure during distraction period and over 2-year follow-up after graduation. Radiographic data were collected before and after index surgery as well as at graduation and the latest follow-up. Complications were also recorded during distraction period and after graduation.Results:A total of 145 lengthening procedures were performed in 26 patients, averagely 5.6 procedures per patient. The mean age at graduation was 12.6±1.6 years old. The average follow-up was 4.7±1.4 years duringdistraction period, and 2.9±0.9 years after graduation.The main Cobb angle was significantly decreased from 81.2°±17.3° to 41.1°±13.1°( t=8.124, P<0.001)after the index surgery, but slightly increased to 48.8°±15.4° at the end of distraction. After definitive spinal fusion, the main Cobb angle was notably decreased from 52.8°±16.1° to 45.4°±14.8° in 16 patients( t=2.415, P=0.035), with an average correction rate of 14.1%±9.4%. At the latest follow-up, the main Cobb angle was 45.2°±15.6° and the average correction rate was 44.3%±15.5% when comparing with the value before the index surgery. The thoracic and spinal height were significantly increased after initial surgery. During distraction period, the average gain of thoracic and spinal height was 3.3±0.9 cm and 5.6±1.9 cm, with the growth rate of 0.6±0.3 cm and 1.0±0.4 cm per distraction, respectively. A total of 36complications were recorded in 14 patients. There were 27 complications occurred during distraction period and 9 after graduation. Conclusion:Surgical management of EOS with growing rod and VEPTR could effectively correct the spinal deformity and maintain spinal growth. The complication rate after graduation was relative lower than distraction period. However, the correction of definitive spinal fusion during graduation was relative lower.

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