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1.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 263-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978514

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the potential suitable habitat of Haemaphysalis concinna in Heilongjiang Province under different climatic scenarios. Methods The geographic locations of ticks in Heilongjiang Province from 1980 to 2022 were captured from literature review and field ticks monitoring data from Harbin Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Heilongjiang Province, and the tick distribution sites with spatial correlations were removed using the software ArcGIS 10.2. The environment data under historical climatic scenarios from 1970 to 2000 and the climatic shared socioeconomic pathways (SSP) 126 scenario model from 2021 to 2040 and from 2041 to 2060 were downloaded from the WorldClim website, and the elevation (1 km, 2010), population (1 km grid population dataset of China, 2010) and annual vegetation index (1 km, 2010) data were downloaded from the Resource and Environmental Science and Data Center, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The contribution of environmental factors to H. concinna distribution was evaluated and environmental variables were screened using the software MaxEnt 3.4.1 and R package 4.1.0, and the areas of suitable habitats of H. concinna and changes in center of gravity were analyzed using the maximum entropy model in Heilongjiang Province under different climatic scenarios. In addition, the accuracy of the maximum entropy model for prediction of H. concinna distribution was assessed using the area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results A total of 79 H. concinna distribution sites and 24 environmental variables were collected, and 70 H. concinna distribution sites and 9 environmental factors that contributed to distribution of the potential suitable habitats of H. concinna in Heilongjiang Province were screened. The three most significant contributing factors included precipitation seasonality, annual precipitation, and mean temperature of the driest quarter, with cumulative contributions of 60.7%. The total area of suitable habitats of H. concinna was 29.05 × 104 km2 in Heilongjiang Province under historical climatic scenarios, with the center of gravity of suitable habitats located at (47.31° N, 129.16° E), while the total area of suitable habitats of H. concinna reduced by 0.97 × 104 km2 in Heilongjiang Province under the climatic SSP126 scenario from 2041 to 2060, with the center of gravity shifting to (47.70° N, 129.28° E). Conclusions The distribution of suitable habitats of H. concinna strongly correlates with temperature and humidity in Heilongjiang Province. The total area of potential suitable habitats of H. concinna may appear a tendency towards a decline with climatic changes in Heilongjiang Province, and high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats may shift.

2.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 529-540, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#Inflammation is often associated with chronic diseases, and numerous studies suggest that certain foods can modulate inflammatory status. This study aimed to assess the impact of intensive nutrition education on glycemic control and inflammation in patients with diabetes mellitus using the Korean food-based index of dietary inflammatory potential (FBDI). @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#A total of 120 patients (male: 70, 58.3%) were randomly divided into two groups of 60 each, to be given intensive nutritional education (IE) and basic nutritional education (BE), respectively. As part of the nutrition education intervention, basic diabetesrelated nutrition education was provided to both groups initially. In addition, the IE was provided two face-to-face nutrition education sessions based on FBDI over six months, and text transmissions were made at least eight times. We surveyed the anthropometric measurements, biochemical indicators, inflammatory markers, and dietary intake before and after the interventions. We analyzed the effects of the intensive nutrition education using the t-test, χ 2 test and paired t-test. @*RESULTS@#Of the subjects, 76.7% (46/60) of the IE and 86.7% (52/60) of the BE completed the study. The results of the paired t-test to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education using FBDI showed that high density lipoprotein-cholesterol increased significantly from 42.6 mg/dL before intervention to 49.2 mg/dL after intervention (P = 0.009), tumor necrosis factor-α significantly decreased from 1.25 pg/mL before intervention to 1.11 pg/mL after intervention (P =.012) in the IE. Also, glycated hemoglobin decreased from 8.0% to 7.5% in the IE but increased from 7.4% to 7.7% in the BE, and the differences between the groups were significant (P= 0.008). @*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggest that providing intensive FBDI-based education on antiinflammatory foods positively affected glycemic control and inflammatory status in diabetes patients. Therefore, practical dietary plans using FBDI should be considered for diabetes patients to prevent increased inflammation.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e135-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976955

ABSTRACT

Background@#In this study, we prepared and evaluated an injectable poloxamer (P407) hydrogel formulation for intratympanic (IT) delivery of dexamethasone (DEX). @*Methods@#DEX-loaded P407 hydrogels were characterized in terms of thermogelation, drug loading capacities, particle size, and drug release. The in vivo toxicity and drug absorption of the DEX-loaded P407 formulation after IT injection were evaluated using an animal model by performing histopathological analysis and drug concentration measurements. @*Results@#The P407 hydrogel effectively solubilized hydrophobic DEX and demonstrated a sustained release compared to the hydrophilic DEX formulation. The in vivo study showed that the hydrogel formulation delivered considerable drug concentrations to the inner ear and displayed a favorable safety profile without apparent cytotoxicity or inflammation. @*Conclusion@#P407 hydrogel can be useful as an injectable inner ear delivery formulation for hydrophobic drugs due to their biocompatibility, drug-solubilizing capacity, thermogelation, and controlled release.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 946-950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976573

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Flexibleis an important classification of flat foot. Flatfoot occurs due to a variety of reasons and causes the medial longitudinal arch to collapse or disappear. However, many children still do not develop a normal foot arch as the grow, and a failure to intervene in a timely manner will greatly harm a child s normal mobility development. Timely detection and intervention are the key to improve the prognosis. There is a lack of uniform quantitative criteria for the diagnosis of flexible flatfoot. Currently, the commonly used diagnostic methods include physical examination, foot printing, plantar pressure test and imaging examination. This article reviews the risk factors, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Flexible Flatfoot.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971170

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic scar (HS) affects the function and beauty of patients, and brings a heavy psychological burden to patients. However, the specific pathogenesis mechanism of HS in molecular biology level is not yet clear, and this disease is still one of the clinical diseases difficult to prevent and cure. MicroRNA (miR) is a family of single-stranded endogenous noncoding RNAs that can regulate gene expression. The abnormal transcription of miR in hypertrophic scar fibroblasts can affect the transduction and expression of downstream signal pathway or protein, and the exploration of miR and its downstream signal pathway and protein helps deeply understand the occurrence and development mechanism of scar hyperplasia. This article summarized and analyzed how miR and multiple signal pathways involve in the formation and development of HS in recent years, and further outlined the interaction between miR and target genes in HS.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/genetics , Fibroblasts , Hyperplasia
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 86-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953927

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy of compound Wufengcao liquid (CWL) on tuberculous ulcer and the influence on macrophage polarization. Method① Clinical experiment: A total of 145 patients with tuberculous ulcer who were treated in Nanjing Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital were randomized into observation group, control group Ⅰ, and control group Ⅱ according to the random number table method. In addition to the basic anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy, CWL, Kangfuxin liquid, and isoniazid solution (local external application) were respectively used in the observation group, control group Ⅰ, and control group Ⅱ. The treatment lasted 4 weeks for each group. The total effective rate in wound healing, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome score, and histopathological morphology of wound were observed and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and arginase-1 (Arg-1) in wound tissue was measured. ② Cell experiment: RAW264.7 cells were cultured in DMEM (10% fetal bovine serum, 1% double-antibody solution) in a cell incubator (37 °C, 5% CO2). Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was used to induce the differentiation of RAW264.7 cells into macrophages. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was employed to stimulate polarization of macrophages into M1 type and interleukin-4 (IL-4) to induce the polarization into M2 type. Kangfuxin solution, isoniazid solution, and CWL were respectively applied to the above cell model for 36 h. The cell supernatant was collected and centrifuged. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), iNOS, and Arg-1, and flow cytometry (FCM) to detect the expression of CD86 and CD206. Result①Clinical experiment: The total effective rate in the CWL group [98.0% (48/49)] was higher than that in the control group Ⅰ [87.5% (42/48), χ2=3.962, P<0.05] and control group Ⅱ [83.3% (40/48), χ2=6.162, P<0.05]. After 28 days of treatment, compared with control group Ⅰ and control group Ⅱ, CWL decreased the TCM syndrome score (P<0.05) and obviously improved the histopathological morphology of the wound. Immunohistochemistry results showed that the iNOS expression in local focus tissue was lower (P<0.05) and the expression of Arg-1 was higher (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the CWL group than in the control group Ⅰ and control group Ⅱ after 28 days of treatment. ② Cell experiment: Western blot assay showed that the expression of iNOS and TNF-α in LPS group increased compared with that in the M0 group (P<0.01) and the expression in the LPS+ isoniazid group, LPS+ Kangfuxin group, and LPS+CWL group was lower than that in the LPS group (P<0.05). The expression of iNOS in LPS+Kangfuxin group and LPS+ CWL group was lower than that in the LPS+isoniazid group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the expression of TNF-α in LPS+ CWL group was lower than that in LPS+isoniazid group (P<0.01). The expression of TNF-α in LPS+ CWL group decreased compared with that in the LPS+ Kangfuxin group (P<0.05). The expression of Arg-1 and TGF-β in IL-4 group was higher than that in the M0 group (P<0.01), and the expression in the IL-4+isoniazid group, IL-4+Kangfuxin group, and IL-4+ CWL group was higher than that in the IL-4 group (P<0.05). The expression of Arg-1 and TGF-β in the IL-4+ Kangfuxin group and IL-4+CWL group was higher than that in the IL-4+isoniazid group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the expression was higher in the IL-4+CWL group than in the IL-4+Kangfuxin group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The FCM result showed that the expression of CD86 and CD206 in LPS group and IL-4 group was higher than that in M0 group (P<0.01). CD86 expression in LPS+isoniazid group, LPS+ Kangfuxin group, and LPS+CWL group was lower than that in the LPS group (P<0.01). The expression of CD86 in LPS+Kangfuxin group and LPS+ CWL group increased compared with that in the LPS+isoniazid group (P<0.01), and the expression was higher in the LPS+ CWL group than in the LPS+Kangfuxin group (P<0.01). CD206 expression in IL-4+ isoniazid group, IL-4+Kangfuxin liquor group, and IL-4+ CWL group was increased compared with that in the IL-4 group (P<0.01). CD206 expression in IL-4+Kangfuxin liquid group and IL-4+ CWL group was decreased compared with that in the IL-4+isoniazid group (P<0.01). CD206 expression in IL-4+CWL group was lower than that in the IL-4+ Kangfuxin group (P<0.05). ConclusionCWL can promote the healing of tuberculous ulcers, and the mechanism is that it inhibits the expression of iNOS, TNF-α, and CD86 and promotes the expression of Arg-1, TGF-β, and CD206, thereby regulating M1/M2 polarization balance.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 562-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970493

ABSTRACT

The manufacturing process of traditional Chinese medicine is subject to material fluctuation and other uncertain factors which usually cause non-optimal state and inconsistent product quality. Therefore, it is necessary to design and collect the quality-rela-ted physical parameters, process parameters, and equipment parameters in the whole manufacturing process of traditional Chinese medicine for digitization and modeling of the process. In this paper, a method for non-optimal state identification and self-recovering regulation was developed for active quality control in the manufacturing process of traditional Chinese medicine. Moreover, taking vacuum belt drying process as an example, a DQN algorithm-based intelligent decision model was established and verified and the implementation process was also discussed and studied. Thus, the process parameters-based self-optimization strategy discovery and path planning of optimal process control were rea-lized in this study. The results showed that the deep reinforcement learning-based artificial intelligence technology was helpful to improve the product quality consistency, reduce production cost, and increase benefit.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Artificial Intelligence , Quality Control , Algorithms
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 511-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969936

ABSTRACT

Childhood obesity is a global public health problem, which can not only endangers children's health, but also might be an important cause of chronic diseases in adulthood. In recent years, with the in-depth development of precision medicine research, more and more research evidences have shown that there are interactions between environmental factors, such as early intrauterine environment, children's diet, physical activity and children's gene factor on the incidence of childhood obesity, which can result in or inhibit the incidence and development of childhood obesity. This paper summarizes the progress in research in this field to reveal the effects and potential mechanisms of genetic factors and environmental factors on the incidence of childhood obesity in order to provide reference for the precise prevention and control of childhood obesity under different genetic backgrounds.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Pediatric Obesity/genetics , Diet , Causality , Exercise , Public Health
9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 713-719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986136

ABSTRACT

Papilla preservation in periodontal surgery is not only beneficial to maintain postoperative aesthetics and good oral hygiene but also contributes to obtaining good periodontal regeneration outcomes. Various periodontal flaps have been designed to preserve the gingival papilla, which constitutes the clinical basis for periodontal open flap debridement and periodontal regeneration surgery. A comprehensive understanding of their design purpose, indications, and technical key points will help clinicians to choose the optimal surgical plan, and thus improve the clinician's treatment levels, and obtain good clinical outcomes. Therefore, this article aims to introduce the design background, indications, and technical key points of various surgical flaps, such as papilla preservation technique, modified papilla preservation technique, simplified papilla preservation flap, etc.

10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 489-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985668

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the maternal and fetal outcomes of expectant treatment and early termination of pregnancy in pregnant women with suspected invasive placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS) in the second trimester. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 51 pregnant women with suspected invasive PAS (ultrasound score ≥10) evaluated by ultrasound with gestational age <26 weeks and confirmed as invasive PAS by intraoperative findings or postoperative pathology in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to January 2022. According to the informed choice of pregnant women and their families, they were divided into expectant treatment group (37 cases) and mid-term termination group (14 cases). The general clinical data and outcome indexes of the two groups were analyzed by χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U rank sum test, logistic regression and linear regression. Results: (1) General clinical data: among 51 pregnant women who were assessed as suspected invasive PAS by ultrasonography in the second trimester, invasive PAS was finally diagnosed by intraoperative findings and postoperative pathology, among which 46 cases (90%) were placenta percreta and 5 cases (10%) were placenta increta. (2) Outcome indicators: univariate analysis showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the intraoperative blood loss (median: 2 200 vs 2 150 ml), the proportion of blood loss >1 500 ml [73% (27/37) vs 9/14], the hysterectomy rate [62% (23/37) vs 8/14], the rate of intensive care unit (ICU) admission [78% (29/37) vs 9/14] between the expectant treatment group and the mid-term termination group (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the rate of intraoperative blood loss >1 500 ml (aOR=0.481, 95%CI: 0.017-13.958; P=0.670), hysterectomy (aOR=0.264, 95%CI: 0.011-6.569, P=0.417) and ICU admission (aOR=1.327, 95%CI: 0.048-36.882, P=0.867) between the two groups showed no statistical differences. (3) Outcome analysis: all 37 cases in the expectant treatment group had live births and no early neonatal death. Five pregnant women (14%, 5/37) in the expectant treatment group underwent emergency cesarean section in the course of expectant treatment. In the mid-term termination group, all pregnancies were terminated by operation, including 9 cases of hysterectomy and 5 cases of placental hysterectomy. There was 1 fetal survival (gestational age of termination: 27+4 weeks) and 13 fetal death in the mid-term termination group. Conclusions: Pregnant women who are diagnosed as suspected invasive PAS, especially those with placenta percreta, have the risk of uterine rupture and emergency surgery in the course of expectant treatment. However, early termination of pregnancy does not reduce the risk of intraoperative blood loss and hysterectomy.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Infant , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Placenta , Abortion, Induced , Hysterectomy
11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 497-512, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982529

ABSTRACT

Age-dependent loss of skeletal muscle mass and function is a feature of sarcopenia, and increases the risk of many aging-related metabolic diseases. Here, we report phenotypic and single-nucleus transcriptomic analyses of non-human primate skeletal muscle aging. A higher transcriptional fluctuation was observed in myonuclei relative to other interstitial cell types, indicating a higher susceptibility of skeletal muscle fiber to aging. We found a downregulation of FOXO3 in aged primate skeletal muscle, and identified FOXO3 as a hub transcription factor maintaining skeletal muscle homeostasis. Through the establishment of a complementary experimental pipeline based on a human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotube model, we revealed that silence of FOXO3 accelerates human myotube senescence, whereas genetic activation of endogenous FOXO3 alleviates human myotube aging. Altogether, based on a combination of monkey skeletal muscle and human myotube aging research models, we unraveled the pivotal role of the FOXO3 in safeguarding primate skeletal muscle from aging, providing a comprehensive resource for the development of clinical diagnosis and targeted therapeutic interventions against human skeletal muscle aging and the onset of sarcopenia along with aging-related disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Sarcopenia/metabolism , Forkhead Box Protein O3/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Aging/metabolism , Primates/metabolism
12.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 447-456, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a deep-learning architecture based on faster region-based convolutional neural networks (Faster R-CNN) algorithm for detection and sorting of red ginseng (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra) with internal defects automatically on an online X-ray machine vision system.@*METHODS@#A Faster R-CNN based classifier was trained with around 20 000 samples with mean average precision value (mAP) of 0.95. A traditional image processing method based on feedforward neural network (FNN) obtained a bad performance with the accuracy, recall and specificity of 69.0%, 68.0%, and 70.0%, respectively. Therefore, the Faster R-CNN model was saved to evaluate the model performance on the defective red ginseng online sorting system.@*RESULTS@#An independent set of 2 000 red ginsengs were used to validate the performance of the Faster R-CNN based online sorting system in three parallel tests, achieving accuracy of 95.8%, 95.2% and 96.2%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall results indicated that the proposed Faster R-CNN based classification model has great potential for non-destructive detection of red ginseng with internal defects.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 850-854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of ineffectiveness of platelet transfusion with monoclonal antibody solid phase platelet antibody test (MASPAT) matching in patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and explore the strategies of platelet transfusion.@*METHODS@#A case of donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) induced by transfusion which ultimately resulted in transplantation failure and ineffective platelet transfusion with MASPAT matching was selected, and the causes of ineffective platelet transfusion and platelet transfusion strategy were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 32-year-old female patient was diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (high risk) in another hospital with the main symptoms of fever and leukopenia, who should be admitted for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after remission by chemotherapy. In the course of chemotherapy, DSA was generated due to platelet transfusion, and had HLA gene loci incompatible with the donor of the first transplant, leading to the failure of the first transplant. The patient received platelet transfusion for several times before and after transplantation, and the results showed that the effective rate of MASPAT matched platelet transfusion was only 35.3%. Further analysis showed that the reason for the ineffective platelet transfusion was due to the missed detection of antibodies by MASPAT method. During the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the DSA-negative donor was selected, and the matching platelets but ineffective transfusion during the primary transplantation were avoided. Finally, the patient was successfully transplanted and discharged from hospital.@*CONCLUSIONS@#DSA can cause graft failure or render the graft ineffective. For the platelet transfusion of patients with DSA, the platelet transfusion strategy with matching type only using MASPAT method will miss the detection of antibodies, resulting in invalid platelet transfusion.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Platelet Transfusion , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Retrospective Studies , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 503-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the diagnostic process of low titer blood group antibody in the occurrence of adverse reactions of hemolytic transfusion.@*METHODS@#Acid elusion test, enzyme method and PEG method were used for antibody identification. Combined with the patient's clinical symptoms and relevant inspection indexes, the irregular antibodies leading to hemolysis were detected.@*RESULTS@#The patient's irregular antibody screening was positive, and it was determined that there was anti-Lea antibody in the serum. After the transfusion reaction, the low titer anti-E antibody was detected by enhanced test. The patient's Rh typing was Ccee, while the transfused red blood cells were ccEE. The new and old samples of the patient were matched with the transfused red blood cells by PEG method, and the major were incompatible. The evidence of hemolytic transfusion reaction was found.@*CONCLUSION@#Antibodies with low titer in serum are not easy to be detected, which often lead to severe hemolytic transfusion reaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Transfusion , Transfusion Reaction/prevention & control , Hemolysis , Blood Group Antigens , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Antibodies , Isoantibodies , Blood Group Incompatibility
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 862-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of establishing an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction model using hamstring tendon autograft in cynomolgus monkeys.@*METHODS@#Twelve healthy adult male cynomolgus monkeys, weighing 8-13 kg, were randomly divided into two groups ( n=6). In the experimental group, the ACL reconstruction model of the right lower limb was prepared by using a single bundle of hamstring tendon, and the ACL of the right lower limb was only cut off in the control group. The survival of animals in the two groups was observed after operation. Before operation and at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation, the knee range of motion, thigh circumference, and calf circumference of the two groups were measured; the anterior tibial translation D-value (ATTD) was measured by Ligs joint ligament digital body examination instrument under the loads of 13-20 N, respectively. At the same time, the experimental group underwent MRI examination to observe the graft morphology and the signal/ noise quotient (SNQ) was caculated.@*RESULTS@#All animals survived to the end of the experiment. In the experimental group, the knee range of motion, thigh circumference, and calf circumference decreased first and then gradually increased after operation; the above indexes were significantly lower at 3 and 6 months after operation than before operation ( P<0.05), and no significant difference was found between pre-operation and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). In the control group, there was no significant change in knee range of motion after operation, showing no significant difference between pre- and post-operation ( P>0.05), but the thigh circumference and calf circumference gradually significantly decreased with time ( P<0.05), and the difference was significant when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). At 6 and 12 months after operation, the thigh circumference and calf circumference were significantly larger in the experimental group than in the control group ( P<0.05). At 3 and 6 months after operation, the knee range of motion was significantly smaller in the experimental group than in the control group ( P<0.05). Under the loading condition of 13-20 N, the ATTD in the experimental group increased first and then decreased after operation; and the ATTD significantly increased at 3, 6 months after operation when compared with the value before operation ( P<0.05). But there was no significant difference between the pre-operation and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant change in ATTD in the control group at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05), and which were significantly higher than those before operation ( P<0.05). At each time point after operation, the ATTD was significantly smaller in the experimental group than in the control group under the same load ( P<0.05). The MRI examination of the experimental group showed that the ACL boundary gradually became clear after reconstruction and was covered by the synovial membrane. The SNQ at each time point after operation was significantly higher than that before operation, but gradually decreased with time, and the differences between time points were significant ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The ACL reconstruction model in cynomolgus monkey with autogenous hamstring tendon transplantation was successfully established.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Hamstring Tendons/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Macaca fascicularis , Transplantation, Autologous
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 495-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the evaluation methods of return to sports (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in recent years, in order to provide reference for clinical practice.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the RTS after ACLR was searched from CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed, and Foreign Medical Information Resources Retrieval Platform (FMRS) databases. The retrieval range was from 2010 to 2023, and 66 papers were finally included for review. The relevant literature was summarized and analyzed from the aspects of RTS time, objective evaluation indicators, and psychological evaluation.@*RESULTS@#RTS is the common desire of patients with ACL injury and doctors, as well as the initial intention of selecting surgery. A reasonable and perfect evaluation method of RTS can not only help patients recover to preoperative exercise level, but also protect patients from re-injury. At present, the main criterion for clinical judgement of RTS is time. It is basically agreed that RTS after 9 months can reduce the re-injury. In addition to time, it is also necessary to test the lower limb muscle strength, jumping, balance, and other aspects of the patient, comprehensively assess the degree of functional recovery and determine the different time of RTS according to the type of exercise. Psychological assessment plays an important role in RTS and has a good clinical predictive effect.@*CONCLUSION@#RTS is one of the research hotspots after ACLR. At present, there are many related evaluation methods, which need to be further optimized by more research to build a comprehensive and standardized evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Return to Sport/psychology , Reinjuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods
17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 499-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981568

ABSTRACT

The increasing prevalence of the aging population, and inadequate and uneven distribution of medical resources, have led to a growing demand for telemedicine services. Gait disturbance is a primary symptom of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). This study proposed a novel approach for the quantitative assessment and analysis of gait disturbance from two-dimensional (2D) videos captured using smartphones. The approach used a convolutional pose machine to extract human body joints and a gait phase segmentation algorithm based on node motion characteristics to identify the gait phase. Moreover, it extracted features of the upper and lower limbs. A height ratio-based spatial feature extraction method was proposed that effectively captures spatial information. The proposed method underwent validation via error analysis, correction compensation, and accuracy verification using the motion capture system. Specifically, the proposed method achieved an extracted step length error of less than 3 cm. The proposed method underwent clinical validation, recruiting 64 patients with Parkinson's disease and 46 healthy controls of the same age group. Various gait indicators were statistically analyzed using three classic classification methods, with the random forest method achieving a classification accuracy of 91%. This method provides an objective, convenient, and intelligent solution for telemedicine focused on movement disorders in neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Aging , Algorithms , Gait , Lower Extremity
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3934-3948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981526

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of various oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of rotavirus gastroenteritis(RVGE) in children based on network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of oral Chinese patent medicine in the adjuvant treatment of RVGE in children was retrieved from the databases such as CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, and Web of Science from database inception to October 22, 2022. The quality of the included RCT was evaluated according to the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool, and the data were analyzed by RevMan 5.4 and Stata 16 software. Sixty-three RCTs were included, with 11 oral Chinese patent medicines involved, including Xingpi Yanger Granules, Weichang'an Pills, Qiuxieling Mixture, Erxieting Granules, and Changyanning Granules/Syrup. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of clinical total effective rate, the top 3 optimal interventions were Changyanning Granules/Syrup, Xiaoer Guangpo Zhixie Oral Liquid, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the anti-diarrheal time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Shenling Baizhu Granules, Qiuxieling Mixture, and Shuangling Zhixie Oral Liquid combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the antiemetic time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Changyanning Granules/Syrup, Xingpi Yanger Granules, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the antipyretic time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Shenling Baizhu Granules, Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules, and Qiuxieling Mixture combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the negative conversion rate of rotavirus, the top 3 optimal interventions were Xingpi Yanger Granules, Erxieting Granules, and Cangling Zhixie Oral Liquid combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing creatine kinase isoenzyme MB(CK-MB) level, the top 3 optimal interventions were Weichang'an Pills, Xingpi Yanger Granules, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of adverse reactions, no se-rious adverse reactions were reported in all studies. Oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of children with RVGE have their own advantages, Specifically, Changyanning Granules/Syrup + conventional western medicine focuses on improving the clinical total effective rate and shortening the antiemetic time, Shenling Baizhu Granules + conventional western medicine on shortening the anti-diarrheal time and antipyretic time, Xingpi Yanger Granules + conventional western medicine on improving the negative conversion rate of rotavirus, and Weichang'an Pills + conventional western medicine on reducing the CK-MB level. Limited by the quantity and quality of literature included in this study, the results need to be verified by high-quality RCT with a larger sample size.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Antiemetics , Antipyretics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Enteritis/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Rotavirus , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1207-1215, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980845

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#LY01005 (Goserelin acetate sustained-release microsphere injection) is a modified gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist injected monthly. This phase III trial study aimed to evaluated the efficacy and safety of LY01005 in Chinese patients with prostate cancer.@*METHODS@#We conducted a randomized controlled, open-label, non-inferiority trial across 49 sites in China. This study included 290 patients with prostate cancer who received either LY01005 or goserelin implants every 28 days for three injections. The primary efficacy endpoints were the percentage of patients with testosterone suppression ≤50 ng/dL at day 29 and the cumulative probability of testosterone ≤50 ng/dL from day 29 to 85. Non-inferiority was prespecified at a margin of -10%. Secondary endpoints included significant castration (≤20 ng/dL), testosterone surge within 72 h following repeated dosing, and changes in luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and prostate specific antigen levels.@*RESULTS@#On day 29, in the LY01005 and goserelin implant groups, testosterone concentrations fell below medical-castration levels in 99.3% (142/143) and 100% (140/140) of patients, respectively, with a difference of -0.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], -3.9% to 2.0%) between the two groups. The cumulative probabilities of maintaining castration from days 29 to 85 were 99.3% and 97.8%, respectively, with a between-group difference of 1.5% (95% CI, -1.3% to 4.4%). Both results met the criterion for non-inferiority. Secondary endpoints were similar between groups. Both treatments were well-tolerated. LY01005 was associated with fewer injection-site reactions than the goserelin implant (0% vs . 1.4% [2/145]).@*CONCLUSION@#LY01005 is as effective as goserelin implants in reducing testosterone to castration levels, with a similar safety profile.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04563936.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , East Asian People , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/agonists , Goserelin/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Testosterone
20.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 289-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on AAV patients with long-term follow-up in the rheumatology outpatient clinic of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between February 2015 and February 2022. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, concurrent events, treatment, and prognosis of the three clinical subtypes of AAV were collected and analyzed.Results:There were 71, 45, and 31 cases of granulomatous polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and eosinophilic granulomatous polyangiitis (EGPA), respectively, among 147 patients. The ANCA positivity rates in the three groups were 91.5%, 95.6%, and 19.4% ( χ2=76.68, P<0.01), respectively. The upper respiratory tract and lungs were the most frequently affected organs in GPA and EGPA, and the kidneys and lower respiratory tract were the main organs involved in MPA. In addition, cardiac and neurological involvement and thrombosis rates were significantly higher in EGPA patients than in GPA and MPA (12.9%, 9.7%, 41.9% and 19.4%, respectively; χ2=8.51、7.13、7.54、0.02, P<0.05) .The median follow-up time for the three groups of patients was 43, 28, and 46 months respectively.Relapse was more common in patients with GPA and EGPA (up to 59.2% and 64.5%; χ2=11.26, P=0.004), with the lungs and ENT being the most common relapse organs (GPA of 61.9% and 40.5%, EGPA of 55.0% and 50.0%), the lungs and kidneys were the most common manifestations in MPA relapse (64.3% and 60.0%, respectively). The main therapeutic agents were glucocortoid (95.9%), cyclophosphamide (71.4%), methotrexate (54.4%), tripterygium wilfordiz (34.0%),mycophenolate mofetil (31.3%), azathioprine (29.3%), leflunomide (19.0%), rituximab (19.0%), and tacrolimus/cyclosporine (8.8%). There were 6 deaths (4.1%) occurred during the follow-up period of this study. Conclusion:The clinical features of AAV are similar to those reported in the literature and relapses are common>he vast majority of patients need to be treated with glucocorticoid combined with immunosuppressive agents.

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