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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2654-2661, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941517

ABSTRACT

Macrophages play an important role in maintaining homeostasis of the body, and they are also one of the most abundant immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME). These macrophages are often called tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), which play an important role in the development of tumor and are an important target for tumor therapy. Studies have shown that tumor growth and metastasis can be inhibited by regulating the function of macrophages, but the therapeutic efficacy was often hampered by the poor performance of the drugs such as lack of targeting, poor solubility, low bioavailability, and severe side effects. After introduction of the background of macrophage and tumor therapy, this review focuses on the research progress of nano-drug delivery systems in the modulation of the function of macrophages to enhance tumor immunotherapy. Nano-drug delivery systems are diverse in structures and functions, and can regulate macrophage functions through a variety of mechanisms. Four important aspects of macrophage modulation, which included TAMs depletion, repolarization of TAMs, promoted phagocytosis of TAMs, and combinational modulation of TAMs were summarized. Each strategy together with typical examples was reviewed and future directions in this field were also prospected.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 666-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941490

ABSTRACT

Rejection has constantly been an unresolved challenge in the field of organ transplantation. The research on the mechanism of rejection plays a significant role in improving the efficacy of organ transplantation and enhancing the survival rate of graft. The innate and specific immune responses of the human body jointly participate in the graft rejection, leading to graft injury. In recent years, multiple researchers have conducted in-depth studies on the mechanism underlying the role of microRNA (miR) in regulating rejection. Among them, miR-155 has been widely considered as a key factor involved in immune regulation. The expression level and functional status of miR-155 may be intimately associated with the occurrence of rejection, which may become a new target for overcoming rejection. In this article, relevant studies on the role of miR-155 in regulating key immune cells in innate and specific immune responses were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for the development of new immunosuppressants and rejection therapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the storage stability of metabolites from actinomycetes Streptomyces nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 and the mollcuscicidal activity against Oncomelania hupensis in the laboratory, and to preliminarily explore the mechanisms of the molluscicidal activity.@*METHODS@#The fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was prepared and stored at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C without light for 10 d; then, the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The fermentation supernatant was boiled in a 100 °C water bath for 30 min and recovered to room temperature, and then the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The pH values of the fermentation supernatant were adjusted to 4.0, 6.0 and 9.0 with concentrated hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, and the fermentation supernatant was stilled at room temperature for 12 h, with its pH adjusted to 7.0; then, the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The fermentation product of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7was isolated and purified four times with macroporous resin, silica gel and octadecylsilane bonded silica gel. The final products were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 10.00, 5.00, 2.50, 1.25 mg/L and 0.63 mg/L, and the molluscicidal effect of the final productswas tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h, while dechlorination water served as blank controls, and 0.10 mg/L niclosamide served as positive control. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) levels were measured in in O. hupensis soft tissues using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) following exposure to the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7.@*RESULTS@#After the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was placed at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C without light for 10 d, immersion in the stock solution and solutions at 10- and 50-fold dilutions for 72 h resulted in a 100% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. Following boiling at 100 °C for 30 min, immersion in the stock solution and solutions at 10- and 50-fold dilutions for 72 h resulted in a 100.00% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. Following storage at pH values of 4.0 and 6.0 for 12 h, immersion in the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 for 72 h resulted in a 100.00% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality, and following storage at a pH value of 9.0 for 12 h, immersion in the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 for 72 h resulted in a 33.33% (10/30) O. hupensis mortality (χ2 = 30.000, P < 0.05). The minimum concentration of the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was 1.25 mg/L for achieving a 100% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. The ATP level was significantly lower in O. hupensis soft tissues exposed to 0.10 mg/L and 1.00 mg/L of the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 than in controls (F = 7.274, P < 0.05), while no significant difference was detected in the ADP level between the treatment group and controls (F = 2.485, P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The active mollcuscicidal ingredients of the S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 metabolites are maintained stably at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C for 10 d, and are heat and acid resistant but not alkali resistant. The metabolites from S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 may cause energy metabolism disorders in O. hupensis, leading to O. hupensis death.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Diphosphate/pharmacology , Adenosine Triphosphate , Animals , Molluscacides/pharmacology , Silica Gel/pharmacology , Snails , Streptomyces , Water
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940611

ABSTRACT

Diabetic cardiomyopathy, one of the cardiovascular complications of diabetes, is characterized by cardiac systolic and diastolic dysfunction at the early stage, which can later develop into heart failure. Due to the high incidence and mortality, it has been a hot topic in recent years. The pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy is complicated. It has been proved related to abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism, cardiac insulin resistance, mitochondrial dysfunction, abnormal calcium homeostasis, activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, increased oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammation, autophagy, and so on. The specific pathogenesis remains unclear. Currently, the diabetic cardiomyopathy is mainly tackled with both western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Traditional western medicine has no specific remedy for diabetic cardiomyopathy, and the resulting side effect cannot be neglected. In order to improve the efficacy and reduce the side effects, researchers have tried some potential medical treatments, such as vaspin, melatonin, Coenzyme Q10, and non-coding RNA, which still need further clinical trials. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is not recorded in ancient TCM books. According to the symptoms and signs, modern physicians often consider it as a "consumptive disease", whose main therapeutic principles lie in benefiting Qi, tonifying Yin, activating blood, and removing stasis. The individual Chinese herbs such as Astragali Radix and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Chinese herbal compounds like Huotan Jiedu Tongluoyin are effective in protecting the heart. But there are few studies exploring the pharmacodynamic mechanisms of TCM. With the continuous emergence of new drugs, the integration of TCM with western medicine may be a more promising treatment in the future. In conclusion, the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy is unclear, and there is a lack of effective prevention and treatment. This paper reviewed the latest findings in pathogenesis and treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy, in order to provide reference for further research.

5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 459-466, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939879

ABSTRACT

Whether Fanconi anemia (FA) heterozygotes are predisposed to bone marrow failure and hematologic neoplasm is a crucial but unsettled issue in cancer prevention and family consulting. We retrospectively analyzed rare possibly significant variations (PSVs) in the five most obligated FA genes, BRCA2, FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, and FANCG, in 788 patients with aplastic anemia (AA) and hematologic malignancy. Sixty-eight variants were identified in 66 patients (8.38%). FANCA was the most frequently mutated gene (n = 29), followed by BRCA2 (n = 20). Compared with that of the ExAC East Asian dataset, the overall frequency of rare PSVs was higher in our cohort (P = 0.016). BRCA2 PSVs showed higher frequency in acute lymphocytic leukemia (P = 0.038), and FANCA PSVs were significantly enriched in AA and AML subgroups (P = 0.020; P = 0.008). FA-PSV-positive MDS/AML patients had a higher tumor mutation burden, higher rate of cytogenetic abnormalities, less epigenetic regulation, and fewer spliceosome gene mutations than those of FA-PSV-negative MDS/AML patients (P = 0.024, P = 0.029, P = 0.024, and P = 0.013). The overall PSV enrichment in our cohort suggests that heterozygous mutations of FA genes contribute to hematopoietic failure and leukemogenesis.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic , Fanconi Anemia/genetics , Germ Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of one patient with abnormal serological phenotype in RhD and discuss the transfusion strategy.@*METHODS@#The RhD variant sample was screened from a patient with IgM type anti-D antibody and further determined by three different sources of anti-D antibodies. Ten exons and the adjacent introns of the RHD gene were amplified, purified and sequenced. RhCE phenotypes and RHCE genotypes were detected.@*RESULTS@#The patient with Rh variant showed abnormal results of serological tests. The RHD gene sequence analysis showed that the RHD*01W.01 with a variation (c.809T>G, p.Val270Gly) in exon 6 of the RHD gene was found in the patient. The RhCE phenotype was CcEe. The genotyping results of RHCE were consistent with the serological typing results.@*CONCLUSION@#The Rh variant of the patient is RHD*01W.01, these findings indicate that RhD variants should be analyzed by molecular assays for the sake of safe transfusion.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Blood Transfusion , Exons , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935788

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the dynamic changes of brainstem locus coeruleus (LC) damage in Parkinson' s disease (PD) -like mice by paraquat (PQ) . Methods: In October 2019, 36 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the exposure group and the control group, with 18 mice in each group. The mice in the exposure group were given intraperitoneal injection of 15 mg/kg PQ, and the mice in the control group were given intraperitoneal injection of 0.9% saline, twice a week for 8 weeks. Neurobehavioral changes (pole climbing test, swimming test, open field test, tail hanging test, high plus maze test and water maze test) were observed at 4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks, respectively, and the changes of motor ability, emotion and cognitive function were evaluated. The brain tissue of mice were taken and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) to observe the pathological changes of LC. Nissl staining was used to detect the changes of neuronal Nissl bodies in LC. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of neuron nuclear antigen (NeuN) , dopamine (DA) neurons and norepinephrine (NE) neuron markers tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) , α-synuclein (α-syn) in substantia nigra (SN) and LC. The expression levels of NeuN, TH and α-syn in the midbrain and brainstem were detected by Western blotting. TUNEL staining was used to detect neuronal apoptosis in LC. Results: Compared with the 4th week of PQ exposure group, the time of pole climbing and swimming immobility were gradually increased, the ratio of open arm residence time of high plus maze test and the number of times of the platform and the residence time of platform quadrant in water maze test were gradually decreased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. The results of HE and Nissl staining showed that the neurons in LC gradually arranged loosely, the nucleus were deeply stained, the cytoplasm was pyknosis, and the number of Nissl bodies gradually decreased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. IHC results showed that the number of NeuN and TH positive cells in SN and LC of mice were gradually decreased, and the positive expression of α-syn was gradually increased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. Western blotting results showed that the expression levels of NeuN and TH in the midbrain and brainstem were gradually decreased, and the expression level of α-syn was gradually increased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. TUNEL staining showed that the apoptosis rates of neurons in LC were gradually increased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. Conclusion: PQ induces progressive damage in the LC area of PD-like mice, which may be caused by the abnormal accumulation of pathological α-syn in the LC area.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dopaminergic Neurons , Locus Coeruleus/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Paraquat/toxicity , Parkinson Disease/metabolism , Substantia Nigra , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935776

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of bispectral index(BIS) , specific protein 100β(S100β) combined with Copeptinin patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCMP). Methods: A total of 256 patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning admitted to Hengshui People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were collected, and they were divided into 30 mild cases, 40 moderate cases and 186 severe cases according to the degree of poisoning. Among them, patients with severe carbon monoxide poisoning were divided into a poor prognosis group (20 cases) and a good prognosis group (166 cases) according to whether adverse events occurred. The changes of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) , N-terminal precursor B-type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) , BIS, S100β, and Copeptin in poisoned patients were measured. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the significance of relevant indicators for ASCMP patients. Results: Compared with the mild-to-moderate group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100β, Copeptin increased, and BIS value decreased in the severe group (P< 0.05). 24 hours after admission, compared with the good prognosis group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100β, Copeptin in the poor prognosis group increased, and the BIS value decreased (P<0.05). In the poor prognosis group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100β, and Copeptin at 72 hours after admission were all lower than those at 24 hours after admission, and the BIS value was higher than that at 24 hours after admission (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that ASCMP patients with increased S100β, Copeptin, and decreased BIS values had an increased risk of adverse events (P<0.05). The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve of the combined detection of BIS, S100β and Copeptin was 0.859, which had a great predictive value for the prognosis of ASCMP patients. Conclusion: BIS, S100β combined with Copeptin detection is of great value for early assessment of ASCMP disease and prognosis prediction.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , ROC Curve , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935768

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intestinal time-dependent changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model constructed by intraperitoneal injection of paraquat (PQ) and to establish the brain-gut axis connection initially. Methods: In October 2019, 48 mice were randomly divided into treated group and control groups: treated 4-week (P-4) group, treated 6-week (P-6) group, treated 8-week (P-8) group, control 4-week (C-4) group, control 6-week (C-6) group, and control 8-week (C-8) group. The treated group was injected with 15 mg/kg PQ solution and the control group was injected with 0.9% saline (0.2 ml/20 g) by intraperitoneal injection twice a week. After the initial state (0 weeks) and the treatment at the end of 4, 6 and 8 weeks, the mood changes and motor functions of mice were assessed by neurobehavioral tests (open field test, pole climbing test, tail suspension test and elevated plus maze test) . And the number of fecal pellets for 1 h and water content were calculated to assess the functional status of the gastrointestinal tract. Western blotting experiments were performed to detect the expression levels of α-synuclein (α-syn) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the nigrostriatal region of the mouse brain, the tight junction markers zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and Occludin, the inflammatory markers of integrin αM subunit (CD11b) , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) , interleukin-1β (IL-1β) , and the neuronal markers βⅢ-tubulin and α-syn protein in the colon.Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression levels of colonic tight junction proteins ZO-1 and Occludin. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression levels of TH in the substantia nigra region of the midbrain, and the co-localization of colonic intestine neuronal marker (βⅢ-tubulin) and Ser129 α-syn in the colonic. Results: Compared with the initial state (0 weeks) and C-8 group, mice in the P-8 group had significantly higher pole climbing test scores and resting time, and significantly lower total active distance, mean active speed, percentage of open arm entry and 1 h fecal instances (P<0.05) . After poisoning, the 1 h fecal water content of model mice first increased and then decreased, the P-4 and P-6 groups were significantly higher than the simultaneous point control group, and the P-8 groups were significantly lower than the initial state (P<0.05) . Compared with control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression levels of ZO-1 and Occludin in the P-8 group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Compared with control group, the expression levels of CD11b and IL-1β in the P-4 group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with control and P-4 group, the expression levels of CD11b, iNOS, HMGB1 and IL-1β in the P-6 and P-8 groups were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with the control and P-4 groups, the expression levels of βⅢ-tubulin in the colon of mice in the P-8 group were significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the colon of model mice was negatively correlated with the expression level of βⅢ-tubulin (r(s)=-0.9149, 95%CI: -0.9771--0.7085, P<0.001) . Ser129 α-syn and βⅢ-tubulin co-localization in the colonic intermuscular plexus region increased gradually with the time of exposure. Compared with the control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression level of TH in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased in the P-8 group (P<0.05) . Correlation analysis showed that the relative expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was negatively correlated with the expression level of TH in the model mice (r(s)=-0.9716, 95% CI: -0.9925--0.8953, P<0.001) . Conclusion: The PD mouse model is successfully established by PQ, and the intestinal function of the model mice is reduced in a time-dependent manner. And on this basis, it is preliminary determined that the abnormal aggregation of α-syn may be an important substance connecting the brain-gut axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Gut Axis , Disease Models, Animal , HMGB1 Protein , Intestines , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Occludin , Paraquat/toxicity , Parkinson Disease , Tubulin , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism , Water
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935250

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to construct a simple, rapid and ultra-sensitive optical biosensing technique based on rolling circle amplification (RCA), and to apply it to multiple detection of drug-resistant genes of mycobacterium tuberculosis. The common mutation sites of isoniazid, rifampicin and streptomycin resistance genes are katG315 (AGC➝ACC), rpoB531 (CAC➝TAC) and rpsL43 (AAG➝AGG). For these three gene sites, from February 2020 to May 2021, in the Department of Laboratory Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Military Medical University, the padlock probe (PLP), primers and capture probes were designed. And a solid-phase RCA constant temperature amplification reaction system based on magnetic beads was constructed and the experimental parameters were optimized. The RCA products were accurately captured by the multicolor fluorescent probes (Cy3/Cy5/ROX), and the single-tube multiple detection of three mutation genes was realized. The sensitivity, specificity and linear range of this method were further verified. The results showed that the response range of katG315 in the same reaction system ranged from 1.0 pmol/L to 0.1 nmol/L. The response range of rpoB531 and rpsL43 ranged from 1.0 pmol/L to 50.0 pmol/L and 1.0 pmol/L to 20.0 pmol/L, and the method had good specificity and sensitivity, and could accurately identify single base mutations in mixed targets, with the minimum detection limit as low as 1.0 pmol/L. The recoveries of simulated serum samples were 95.0%-105.2%. In conclusion, the constant temperature amplification multiple detection method constructed in this study can quickly realize the single-tube multiple detection of three drug resistance mutation sites. This technology is low-cost, simple and rapid, and does not rely on large equipment, providing a new analysis method for pathogen drug resistance gene detection.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance , Fluorescent Dyes , Humans , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934357

ABSTRACT

Digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR) is an absolute quantitative technique that has been rapidly developed in recent years. This technique assigns the reaction system containing DNA template to a large number of independent reaction units for PCR, and calculates the DNA copy number according to the Poisson distribution and statistical positive signals. In contrast to conventional qPCR, dPCR does not depend on amplification curves, is not affected by amplification efficiency, thus has high accuracy and repeatability, and can achieve the absolute quantification. This article reviews the development history of dPCR and its application in molecular diagnosis, tumor liquid biopsy and prenatal diagnosis of infectious diseases, and looks forward to the application prospect of this technology.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 6-13, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of omeprazole and sodium bicarbonate suspension in the treatment of peptic ulcer.Methods:This present study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, positive drug parallel controlled phase Ⅱ clinical trial. According to different indications, the trial was divided into gastric ulcer (GU) and duodenal ulcer (DU) studies. Patients were stratified-block randomly divided with a 1∶1 ratio into experimental group and control group. The patients in the experimental group were administrated with omeprazole and sodium bicarbonate suspension omeprazole (20 mg for DU or 40 mg for GU, and 1 680 mg sodium bicarbonate) once a day. The patients in the control group received omeprazole magnesium enteric-coated tablet20 mg for DU or 40 mg for GU once a day. The treatment period was 4 weeks for DU and 8 weeks for GU. The main efficacy indicator was ulcer healing rate under endoscopy. The time of pain disappearance and the total effective rate of clinical symptom relief were used as the secondary efficacy indicators, and the incidence of adverse reactions was used as the safety indicator. The data set included full analysis set (FAS), per-protocol set (PPS) and safety set (SS). Independent sample t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, chi square test, Fisher exact test method and non-inferiority test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Two hundred and seventy two DU patients and 237 GU patients were included in the FAS, 247 DU patients and 201 GU patients were included in the PPS, and 272 DU patients and 235 GU patients were included in the SS. The results of FAS analysis showed that after 4 weeks treatment, the healing rate of DU under endoscopy in the experimental group was 91.91% (125/136) and that in the control group was 94.85% (129/136), and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). After 8 weeks treatment the healing rate of GU under endoscopy in the experimental group was 86.44% (102/118) and that in the control group was 87.39% (104/119), and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The results of non-inferiority analysis showed the lower limit of 95% confidence interval of difference in effective rate between the two groups was over -10% (-8.84% for DU and -9.54% for GU), which indicated that the effective rate of experimental group was not inferior to that of the control group. The results of PPS analysis were consistent with the results of FAS. The results of FAS analysis showed the median time of abdominal pain disappearance of DU patients in the experimental group and the control group was both 6 d, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The median time of abdominal pain disappearance of GU patients in the experimental group and the control group was both 8 d, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, the total effective rates of clinical symptom relief of DU of the trial group and the control group were 95.59% (130/136) and 97.79% (133/136), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). After 8 weeks of treatment, the total effective rates of clinical symptom relief of GU of the experimental group and the control group were 95.76% (113/118) and 93.28% (111/119), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The results of SS analysis showed that the incidence of adverse reactions of DU patients in the trial group and the control group was 5.15% (7/136) and 2.21% (3/136), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions of GU patients in the experimental group and the control group was 12.71% (15/118) and 6.84% (8/117), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Omeprazole and sodium bicarbonate suspension is not inferior to omeprazole magnesium enteric-coated tablet in healing efficacy under endoscopy in peptic ulcer, and has a good safety.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 200-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze drug resistance, virulence and molecular epidemiological characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus) isolated from skin sites of suppurative infections, and to provide an experimental basis for clinical anti-infective therapies. Methods:Swab samples from suppurative skin lesions and nasal secretions were collected from inpatients in Department of Dermatology, the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University from May 2020 to December 2020, and subjected to bacterial isolation and culture. Suspected S. aureus colonies were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Drug sensitivity test was conducted by using the broth microdilution method. Virulence genes of S. aureus were amplified by PCR, and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR was performed to determine the relative expression of 4 virulence genes including tsst-1, pvl, hla and clfA in S. aureus strains from different sources. S. aureus strains were genotyped by multilocus sequence typing. Drug resistance rates and detection rates of virulence genes were compared by using chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test, and measurement data among groups were compared by using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Results:A total of 85 strains of S. aureus were isolated from 210 inpatients, including 54 isolates from skin sites of suppurative infections (case group) and 31 isolates from the nasal cavity (control group) . Drug sensitivity test showed that 14 strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) were identified among 85 strains of S. aureus. The resistance rate to penicillin was the highest (90.59%, 77/85) in the 85 S. aureus strains; the resistance rates to clindamycin and erythromycin were 60.00% (51/85) and 61.18% (52/85) respectively; no strains showed resistance to rifampicin, vancomycin or linezolid. PCR showed that the detection rate of the pvl gene was 33.33% (18/54) in the case group, which was significantly higher than that in the control group (12.90%, 4/31; χ2= 4.28, P= 0.038) . Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR showed that the relative expression level of the clfA gene was significantly higher in the control group (3.87[2.30, 5.94]) than in the case group (1.63[0.95, 2.62], P= 0.007) . A total of 17 ST types were identified among the 85 strains of S. aureus, and the dominant types were ST398-methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (20/71) and ST22-MRSA (9/14) . The detection rate of the virulence gene pvl was significantly higher in the ST22-MRSA strain (14/14) than in the non-ST22 MRSA strains (0, P < 0.001) . Conclusions:S. aureus strains isolated from the skin sites of suppurative infections were highly resistant to penicillin, clindamycin and erythromycin, so these antibiotics should not be used as the first-choice empiric treatment. The occurrence of cutaneous S. aureus infections may be associated with the virulence gene pvl, and the nasal colonization of S. aureus may be associated with the clfA gene.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between skin advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and carotid atherosclerosis (AS) in subjects with normal glucose regulation (NGR).Methods:This was a cross-sectional study. Data from the Health Management Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology between January 2019 to June 2019 were collected. A total of 902 NGR subjects aged 40-79 were enrolled and categorized into control group (530 cases), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) thickening group (150 cases), and carotid atherosclerosis plaque group (222 cases) based on the carotid ultrasound results. Data as follows were collected, gender, age, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c) and skin AGEs. Comparison via ANOVA analysis were carried out among the 3 groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the independent influencing factors of carotid atherosclerosis plaque. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between AGEs and other parameters, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the efficiency of skin AGEs in predicting carotid atherosclerosis plaque in NGR subjects. Results:Among the control group, IMT thickening group and carotid atherosclerosis plaque group, gender, age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), TC, LDL-C, FPG, HbA 1c, AGEs were significantly different (all P<0.05). Compared with IMT thickening group, the age, SBP and AGEs of carotid atherosclerotic plaque group were higher [55 (50, 60) vs 53 (49, 56) year; 132 (122, 141) vs 126 (115, 142) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); 74 (67, 81) vs 72 (67, 78) AU] (all P<0.001); compared with the control group, age, LDL-C, HbA 1c and AGEs of IMT thickening group were higher [53 (49, 56) vs 48 (45, 52) year; (2.8±0.7) vs (2.7±0.7) mmol/L; 5.4% (5.2, 5.6)% vs 5.4% (5.1, 5.6)%; 72 (67, 78) vs 70 (66, 76)] (all P<0.05). Age ( OR=1.179, 95% CI: 1.107-1.255), SBP ( OR=1.045, 95% CI: 1.013-1.077), LDL-C ( OR=2.028, 95% CI: 1.036-3.969), AGEs ( OR=1.049, 95% CI: 1.000-1.100) were independent influencing factors of carotid atherosclerotic plaque in population with normal glucose regulated (all P<0.05). AGEs was positively correlated with age, HbA 1c and carotid atherosclerosis plaque ( r=0.407, 0.092, 0.172) (all P<0.01). The area under the ROC curve of skin AGEs for identifying carotid atherosclerotic plaque in NGR population was 0.650 (95% CI 0.601-0.698), the best cutoff value was 70.5, the sensitivity was 65.8%, and the specificity was 56.9%. Conclusion:Skin AGEs level is closely associated with the occurrence of carotid atherosclerosis in NGR subjects.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of team resuscitation with Pit-Crew cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) mode on improving the quality of chest compression.Methods:A control method was conducted in this study. Sixty-four medical staffs in ICU and Emergency departments were divided into the role division group and non-role division group according to the ratio of doctors to nurses, with 8 teams in each group and 4 staffs in each team. A team leader was appointed in each team of the role division group to organize and coordinate the whole CPR process, and the non-role division group was not appointed. Each team performed chest compression for 8 min according to the recommendations of the 2020 AHA CPR Guideline under the monitoring of the CPR quality tracking system using a resuscitation manikin. CPR time, chest compression fraction (CCF), times of pressing interruption, times of pressing exceeding standard interruption (>10 s), pressing frequency, chest full recoil rate and other parameters were observed and recorded. The computer system recorded the above parameters, Student's t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the differences of indexes between the two groups. Results:After the training, the role division group achieved higher CCF [(69.13±1.55)% vs. (59.13 ± 6.08)%, P<0.05], and the total time was significantly shorter and times of overshoot interruptions was significantly less in the role division group compared with the non-role division group [(79.88±28.76) s vs. (135.25±32.99) s; 4 (3, 5) times vs. 2 (1, 2) times respectively; P<0.01]. There were no statistical differences in the total time of CPR and interruption numbers ( P>0.05). In addition, there were also no statistically significant differences in the pressing total numbers, correct times, pressing frequency, pressing depth, and the full rebound times of compression, as well as the substandard indicators of compression such as pressing too fast, too slow, too deep and insufficient rebound times of compression (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Pit-Crew CPR mode with designated team leader contributes to the implementation of high quality CPR, and the monitoring of CPR quality parameters and the applying of real-time feedback system can effectively improve the quality of chest compression.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930123

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has certain advantages in the treatment of precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC) based on the holistic concept and the thought of syndrome differentiation. Currently, it is generally divided into 6 kinds of syndromes: liver and stomach qi stagnation syndrome, liver and stomach heat stagnation syndrome, spleen and stomach weakness syndrome (including spleen and stomach qi deficiency syndrome with coldness), spleen and stomach damp heat syndrome, stomach yin deficiency syndrome and blood stasis in stomach collateral syndrome. Clinically, the doctor should treat PLGC patients according to different syndrome types by using Chinese medicine prescription, which could improve the gastric mucosal pathological state, gastroscopy and clinical symptoms, to rehibit the development of precancerous lesions, reduce the incidence rate of gastric cancer. In the future, the doctors shouldreach the consensus of treating PLGC with TCM diagnosis, and focus on the research of TCM compounds or monomers with obvious curative effect, increase the times of follow-up, and evaluate the long-term curative effect.

17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 263-266, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929769

ABSTRACT

Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) refers to the clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells in some individuals with normal blood indexes. The incidence of CH increases with age, reflecting the decline of the hematopoietic and potential clonal evolution to a certain extent. In recent years, an increasing number of studies have shown that donor CH is an unfavorable factor affecting transplantation, graft-versus-host disease and donor cell leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Emphasis on and identification of donor CH can optimize donor selection and help transplant patients benefit more. This article introduces the relevant research progress in combination with the content of the 63rd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the practical and health economical values of non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT) in Changsha Municipal Public Welfare Program.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was carried out on 149 165 women undergoing NIPT test from April 9, 2018 to December 31, 2019. For pregnant women with high risks, invasive prenatal diagnosis and follow-up of pregnancy outcome were conducted. The cost-benefit of NIPT for Down syndrome was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#NIPT was carried out for 149 165 pregnant women and succeeded in 148 749 cases (99.72%), for which outcome were available in 148 538 (99.86%). 90% of pregnant women from the region accepted the screening with NIPT. 415 (0.27%) were diagnosed as high risk. Among these, 381 (91.81%) accepted amniocentesis, which led to the diagnosis of 212 cases of trisomy 21 (PPV=85.14%), 41 cases with trisomy 18 (PPV=48.81%) and 10 cases with trisomy 13 (PPV=20.83%). The sensitivity and specificity of NIPT for trisomy 21, trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 were (97.70%, 99.98%), (97.62%, 9.97%) and (100%, 99.97%), respectively. In addition, 213 and 30 cases were diagnosed with sex chromosomal aneuploidies (PPV=46.2%) and other autosomal anomalies (PPV=16.57%), respectively. For Down syndrome screening, the cost and benefit of the project was 120.79 million yuan and 1,056.95 million yuan, respectively. The cost-benefit ratio was 1: 8.75, and safety index was 0.0035.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT is a highly accurate screening test for trisomy 21, which was followed by trisomy 18 and sex chromosomal aneuploidies, while it was less accurate for other autosomal aneuploidies. The application of NIPT screening has a high health economical value.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Female , Humans , Noninvasive Prenatal Testing , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1753-1767, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927816

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies have reported that the resistance of biofilm bacteria to antibiotics can be up to 10-1 000 fold higher than that of planktonic bacteria. Bacterial biofilms are reported to be responsible for more than 80% of human microbial infection, posing great challenges to the healthcare sector. Many studies have reported that plant extracts and their active ingredients can inhibit the formation and development of bacterial biofilms, including reducing biofilm biomass and the number of viable bacteria in biofilms, as well as eradicating mature biofilms. This review summarized the plant extracts and their active ingredients that are inhibitory to bacterial biofilms, and analyzed the underpinning mechanisms. This review may serve as a reference for the development of plant drugs to prevent and treat biofilm infections.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacteria , Biofilms , Humans , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Quorum Sensing
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 135-144, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927589

ABSTRACT

Vestibular compensation is an important model for developing the prevention and intervention strategies of vestibular disorders, and investigating the plasticity of the adult central nervous system induced by peripheral injury. Medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) in brainstem is critical center for vestibular compensation. Its neuronal excitability and sensitivity have been implicated in normal function of vestibular system. Previous studies mainly focused on the changes in neuronal excitability of the MVN in lesional side of the rat model of vestibular compensation following the unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL). However, the plasticity of sensitivity of bilateral MVN neurons dynamically responding to input stimuli is still largely unknown. In the present study, by using qPCR, whole-cell patch clamp recording in acute brain slices and behavioral techniques, we observed that 6 h after UL, rats showed a significant deficit in spontaneous locomotion, and a decrease in excitability of type B neurons in the ipsilesional rather than contralesional MVN. By contrast, type B neurons in the contralesional rather than ipsilesional MVN exhibited an increase in response sensitivity to the ramp and step input current stimuli. One week after UL, both the neuronal excitability of the ipsilesional MVN and the neuronal sensitivity of the contralesional MVN recovered to the baseline, accompanied by a compensation of spontaneous locomotion. In addition, the data showed that the small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channel involved in the regulation of type B MVN neuronal sensitivity, showed a selective decrease in expression in the contralesional MVN 6 h after UL, and returned to normal level 1 week later. Pharmacological blockage of SK channel in contralateral MVN to inhibit the UL-induced functional plasticity of SK channel significantly delayed the compensation of vestibular motor dysfunction. These results suggest that the changes in plasticity of the ipsilesional MVN neuronal excitability, together with changes in the contralesional MVN neuronal sensitivity, may both contribute to the development of vestibular symptoms as well as vestibular compensation, and SK channel may be an essential ionic mechanism responsible for the dynamic changes of MVN neuronal sensitivity during vestibular compensation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Locomotion , Neurons/physiology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Rats , Vestibular Nuclei/metabolism , Vestibule, Labyrinth
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