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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920742

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of four anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA) by different manufacturers, so as to provide insights into the epidemiological investigation and clinical detection of cysticercosis. Methods Forty serum samples from cerebral cysticercosis patients, 100 serum samples from healthy volunteers, 30 serum samples from paragonimiasis skrjabini patients, 17 serum samples from cystic echinococcosis and 19 serum samples from subcutaneous or cerebral sparganosis patients were collected and detected using anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits (brand A) and the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B). The sensitivity, specificity and false negative rate of the four kits for detection of cysticercosis were estimated. Results The anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits (brand A) showed 95.00% (38/40), 87.50% (35/40), 7.50% (3/40) sensitivities and 98.00% (98/100), 100.00% (100/100) and 100.00% (100/100) for detection of cysticercosis, while the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B) presented a 75.00% (30/40) sensitivity and 100.00% (100/100) specificity for detection of cysticercosis. The sensitivity for detection of cysticercosis was significantly higher by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) than by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B) (χ2 = 6.28, P < 0.05); however, no significant difference was seen in the specificity by two kits (χ2 = 2.01, P > 0.05). The four ELISA kits showed overall false positive rates of 37.88% (25/66), 22.73% (15/66), 62.12% (41/66) and 15.15% (10/66) for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis (χ2 = 37.61, P < 0.05), and the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) presented the highest overall false positive rate for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis (χ2 = 7.56, P’ < 0.008), while a higher overall false positive rate was seen for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) than by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B) (χ2 = 8.75, P’ < 0.008). The four ELISA kits showed false positive rates of 40.00% (12/30), 16.67% (5/30), 76.67% (23/30) and 13.33% (4/30) for detection of paragonimiasis (χ2 = 32.88, P < 0.05) and 21.05% (4/19), 26.32% (5/19), 73.68% (14/19) and 15.79% (3/19) for detection of sparganosis (χ2 = 19.97, P < 0.05), and the highest false positive rates were found by the anti-cysticercus IgM antibody test kit (brand A) for detection of paragonimiasis and sparganosis (all P’ < 0.008). However, the four ELISA kits showed comparable false positive rates of 52.94% (9/17), 29.41% (5/17), 23.53% (4/17) and 17.65% (3/17) for detection of echinococcosis (χ2 = 8.24, P > 0.05). In addition, the anti-cysticercus IgM anti-body test kit (brand A) showed false positive rates of 76.67% (23/30), 23.53% (4/17) and 73.68% (14/19) for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis (χ2 = 14.537, P < 0.05), with the lowest false positive rate seen for detection of echinococcosis (χ2 = 14.537, P’ < 0.014), while no significant differences were seen in the false positive rate for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis by other three ELISA kits (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The four anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits exhibit various efficiencies for serodiagnosis of cysticercosis. The anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) has a high sensitivity for serodiagnosis of cysticercosis; however, it still needs to solve the problems of cross-reaction with other parasitic diseases and stability.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913066

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in the awareness rate of Taenia solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals before and after training in Fangcheng County, a disease-elimination pilot area of Henan Province, so as to evaluate the effectiveness of the training. Methods Three townships in Fangcheng County were randomly selected as the study townships, including Dushu, Bowang and Yangji townships, while Erlangmiao, Yanglou and Xiaoshidian townships in the county were randomly selected as the control townships. The grassroots medical professionals in the study townships were given once training on T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge each year from 2016 to 2020, while those in the control townships were given no interventions. All village-level doctors and a part of township-level public health professionals were sampled from the study and control townships as intervention and control groups. The baseline and final assessments of the awareness of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge were performed using questionnaire survey in intervention and control groups in 2016 and 2020, and the awareness of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge was compared between the two groups. Results A total of 663 medical professionals were investigated in Fangcheng County from 2016 to 2020, including 474 participants in the intervention group and 189 participants in the control group. Results from the 2016 baseline survey showed that the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge was 28.83% (47/163) among grassroots medical professionals in Fangcheng County, and there were no significant differences in the awareness between the intervention (32.47%, 25/77) and control groups (25.58%, 22/86) (χ2 = 0.939, P > 0.05), between men (30.50%, 43/141) and women (18.18%, 4/22) (χ2 = 1.406, P > 0.05) or between village- (31.39%, 43/137) and township-level medical professionals (15.38%, 4/26) (χ2 = 2.727, P > 0.05), while significant differences were found in the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals in terms of education levels (χ2 = 8.190, P < 0.05) and duration of working experiences (χ2 = 12.617, P < 0.05), and the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge increased with education levels among medical professionals (χ2 = 6.768, P < 0.05). Only 5.52% (9/163) of the medical professionals had a history of diagnosis and therapy of T. solium taeniasis or cysticercosis, and only 1.23% (2/163) received training on T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge during the past 5 years. Results from the 2020 questionnaire survey showed a higher awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals in the intervention group (93.55%, 116/124) than in the control group (46.60%, 48/103) (χ2 = 61.845, P < 0.05), and no significant differences were seen in the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals in terms of gender, level of medical professionals, duration of working experiences or history of diagnosis/therapy of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis in the intervention group (χ2 = 1.089, 0.140, 0.081 and 0.453, all P values > 0.05), while there was a significant difference in the awareness rate among medical professionals with different education levels (χ2 = 36.338, P < 0.05). In addition, the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge significantly increased among medical professionals with various chracteristics in 2020 than in 2016. Conclusions In the low-prevalence areas of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis, long-term and persistent training may improve the awareness of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among grassroots medical professionals, which facilitates the timely identification of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis and the establishment of a sensitive disease surveillance system.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 411-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923139

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand anxiety status among students with hearing loss under the epidemic of novel coronarirus pneumonia, and to provide evidence for promoting mental health of hearing impaired students.@*Methods@#On March 10, 2020, 612 hearing impaired students in special schools in 6 provinces,including Guizhou,Sichuan,Hunan,Zhejiang,Chongqing and Xinjiang were investigated online with anxiety scale.@*Results@#The detection rate of anxiety in hearing impaired students was 52.8%. There was significant difference in the detection rate of anxiety among hearing impaired students by different economic status(from very good,good,mederate,poor and very poor:54.1%,63.9%,51.4%,40.7% and 38.8%) and relationship with their parents(from very good,good,mederate,poor and very poor:45.1%,55.7%,60.0%,84.6%,87.5%) ( χ 2=16.59, 62.46, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The anxiety level of hearing impaired students was high under the epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia. Hearing impaired students from families with good economic conditions and poor parent child relations are prone to anxiety. It is particularly important to establish a good parent child relationship.

4.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 10-15, Mar. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LXYL-P1-2 is the first reported glycoside hydrolase that can catalyze the transformation of 7-b-xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol (XDT) to 10-deacetyltaxol (DT) by removing the D-xylosyl group at the C7 position. Successful synthesis of paclitaxel by one-pot method combining the LXYL-P1-2 and 10- deacetylbaccatin III-10-b-O-acetyltransferase (DBAT) using XDT as a precursor, making LXYL-P1-2 a highly promising enzyme for the industrial production of paclitaxel. The aim of this study was to investigate the catalytic potential of LXYL-P1-2 stabilized on magnetic nanoparticles, the surface of which was modified by Ni2+-immobilized cross-linked Fe3O4@Histidine. RESULTS: The diameter of matrix was 20­40 nm. The Km value of the immobilized LXYL-P1-2 catalyzing XDT (0.145 mM) was lower than that of the free enzyme (0.452 mM), and the kcat/Km value of immobilized enzyme (12.952 mM s 1 ) was higher than the free form (8.622 mM s 1 ). The immobilized form maintained 50% of its original activity after 15 cycles of reuse. In addition, the stability of immobilized LXYL-P1-2, maintained 84.67% of its initial activity, improved in comparison with free form after 30 d storage at 4 C. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation not only provides an effective procedure for biocatalytic production of DT, but also gives an insight into the application of magnetic material immobilization technology.


Subject(s)
Paclitaxel/biosynthesis , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Kinetics , Enzymes, Immobilized , Nanoparticles , Magnets
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 707-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921274

ABSTRACT

Glucose and lipid metabolism is the most fundamental metabolic activity of higher organisms. This process is affected by both genetic polymorphisms and environmental factors. Excessive uptake and accumulation of lipids lead to obesity and disorder of glucose metabolic homeostasis characterized by insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, suggesting that the cross-regulation between lipid and glucose metabolism happens precisely at organ, cellular and molecular levels by known mechanisms. Adenine nucleotides and their metabolites have emerged as mediators in the mutual regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. This review summarizes the roles of purinergic signaling induced by fatty acids in glucose metabolism and the development of type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adenine Nucleotides , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Glucose , Homeostasis , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2438-2446, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), human mobility restriction measures have raised controversies, partly because of the inconsistent findings. An empirical study is promptly needed to reliably assess the causal effects of the mobility restriction. The purpose of this study was to quantify the causal effects of human mobility restriction on the spread of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Our study applied the difference-in-difference (DID) model to assess the declines of population mobility at the city level, and used the log-log regression model to examine the effects of population mobility declines on the disease spread measured by cumulative or new cases of COVID-19 over time after adjusting for confounders.@*RESULTS@#The DID model showed that a continual expansion of the relative declines over time in 2020. After 4 weeks, population mobility declined by -54.81% (interquartile range, -65.50% to -43.56%). The accrued population mobility declines were associated with the significant reduction of cumulative COVID-19 cases throughout 6 weeks (ie, 1% decline of population mobility was associated with 0.72% [95% CI: 0.50%-0.93%] reduction of cumulative cases for 1 week, 1.42% 2 weeks, 1.69% 3 weeks, 1.72% 4 weeks, 1.64% 5 weeks, and 1.52% 6 weeks). The impact on the weekly new cases seemed greater in the first 4 weeks but faded thereafter. The effects on cumulative cases differed by cities of different population sizes, with greater effects seen in larger cities.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Persistent population mobility restrictions are well deserved. Implementation of mobility restrictions in major cities with large population sizes may be even more important.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913064

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the changes of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to taeniasis and cysticercosis among primary school students before and after health education interventions in disease-elimination pilot areas of Henan Province, so as to evaluate the effectiveness of health education interventions. Methods A primary school was selected from each of Dushu, Bowang and Yangji townships, Fangcheng County, Henan Province from 2017 to 2019; then, 2 to 3 classes were randomly selected from grade 4 to 6 in each primary school, and finally, all students in these classes were enrolled as study subjects. A thematic health education lecture pertaining to taeniasis and cysticercosis was given once each year by means of “health education in class”. The KAP towards taeniasis and cysticercosis was investigated among primary school students using selffilled structured questionnaires, and the changes of awareness of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge and percentage of healthy behaviors formation were compared in primary school students among years and following various frequencies of health education interventions. Results More than 10 thousand person-time primary school students received health education interventions during the period from 2017 to 2019, and a total of 1 223 person-time primary school students were investigated during the 3-year study period, including 633 person-time men and 590 person-time women and 88.55% of primary school students at ages of 10 to 12 years. The proportion of households raising pigs and using dry toiliets decreased from 5.30% (24/453) and 18.10% (82/453) in 2017 to 3.60% (13/361) and 11.08% (40/361) in 2019, respectively. The awareness rate of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge increased significantly from 0.22% (1/453) in 2017 to 62.59% (256/409) in 2018 and 76.73% (277/361) in 2019 (χ2 = 567.60, P < 0.001), and the awareness rate was 85.25% (104/122) among primary school students attending the thematic special health education courses for successive three times. The awareness rates of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge were 0.44% (1/225), 58.00% (116/200) and 71.63% (149/208) among male students and 0 (0/338), 66.99% (140/209) and 83.66% (128/153) among female students from 2017 to 2019, and there was a significant difference in the awareness of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge between male and female students in 2019 (χ2 = 7.14, P = 0.01). On-site teaching by doctors was the students’ favorite way to receive health education interventions (70.07%, 857/1 223), followed by watching health education videos (58.63%, 717/1 223) and seeing parasite specimens (48.9%, 598/1 223). The proportion of students’ families who used cutting boards for raw and cooked food separately increased from 7.28% (33/453) in 2017 to 47.37% (171/361) in 2019, was 67.21% (82/122) among students attending the health education courses for successive three times. The proportion of students who frequently washed their hands before meals and after using toilet increased from 71.96% (324/453) in 2017 to 89.47% (319/361) in 2019 and was 95.90% (117/122) among students attending the health education courses for successive three times. In addition, the percentage of students washing hands frequently in families using dry toilets was significantly lower in those who did not use dry toilets (χ2 = 9.21, P = 0.002), and the proportion of students with a habit of eating raw or undercooked meat decreased significantly from 35.76% (162/453) in 2017 to 6.65% (24/361) in 2019 (χ2 = 69.11, P < 0.01). Conclusion The thematic health education activity of “health education in class” contributes greatly to the increase in the awareness of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge and the rate of healthy behaviors formation among primary school students in diseaseelimination pilot areas of Henan Province.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912505

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critically ill patients with complex etiology and high morbidity, which is closely related to the patient's mortality rate, hospital stay and long-term poor outcomes. Therefore, timely detection of AKI in the early reversible stage is particularly important to prevent its progression to renal failure and initiating renal replacement therapy. Therefore, exploring the relevant biomarkers in the occurrence and development of acute kidney injury has important clinical significance for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-7 (IGFBP-7) are used as cell cycle arrest proteins, which has shown certain advantages in the early diagnosis, risk stratification, prognosis judgment, and treatment effect of acute kidney injury. Cell cycle arrest protein [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP-7] plays a role in acute kidney injury caused by various reasons and can be used as a reference index for disease prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the sex-, age-and season-specific (month) reference intervals (RI) for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) measurement by big data and indirect method in adults.Methods:TSH data of anonymous patients were collected from Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University in 2016, the data were selected and outliers were removed. Indirect methods (Hoffmann method and Bhattacharya method) were used to calculate TSH reference intervals of whole population, different genders, ages and seasons (months). TSH RI from two indirect methods of total population, selected population, physical examination population was compared with RI from reagent instruction according to reference change value ( RCV) based on biological variability. Results:A total of 61 599 records were obtained from 90 699 records including 18 776 males and 42 823 females. The TSH RI were obtained by Hoffmann method: the whole population, 0.59-5.59 μIU/ml (1 μIU/ml=1 mIU/L), male, 0.53-5.16 μIU/ml, female, 0.59-6.11 μIU/ml. The upper limits of TSH RI were higher with age and in winter (January): 18-30 years old, 0.62-5.57 μIU/ml, 71-80 years old, 0.49-6.45 μIU/ml; January, 0.59-6.40 μIU/ml, August, 0.60-5.56 μIU/ml; The RI of TSH by Bhattacharya method: the whole population, 0.58-5.80 μIU/ml, male, 0.55-5.02 μIU/ml, female, 0.62-6.21 μIU/ml. The upper limits of TSH RI were also higher with age and in winter (January): 18-30 years old, 0.65-5.67 μIU/ml, 71-80 years old, 0.46-5.99 μIU/ml, January: 0.61-6.52 μIU/ml, August: 0.61-5.69 μIU/ml. Compared to RI from reagent instruction, the differences of TSH RI from two indirect methods of total population, selected population, physical examination population were acceptable.Conclusions:TSH RI was established by indirect method. With the increase of age and winter, the upper limit of TSH reference interval tends to increase.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of abnormal spindle-like microcephaly-associated (ASPM) in liver cancer tissues and clarify its prognostic relationship with clinicopathological features of liver cancer after liver transplantation.Methods:Immunohistochemistry was employed for detecting the expression of ASPM in 72 liver cancer tissues and 36 adjacent tissues of liver cancer liver transplant recipients fulfilling the Hangzhou criterion. In conjunctions with clinicopathological data, the correlation between the expression level of ASPM in liver cancer tissues and the clinicopathological characteristics and the post-transplantation prognosis for liver cancer were statistically analyzed.Results:During a median follow-up period of 29 months, 20 patients relapsed and 8 died after transplantation. Immunohistochemical results indicated that the high-expression rates of ASPM were 58.3% and 25.0% in liver cancer and adjacent tissues ( P=0.001). The difference was statistically significant. The high-expression rate of ASPM was significantly higher in liver cancer tissues than that in adjacent tissues. The expression level of ASPM was not correlated with gender, age, smoking/alcoholic history, hepatitis history, preoperative level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), tumor size, tumor load or vascular tumor thrombus ( P>0.05). And the postoperative high-expression rates of ASPM were 51.0% and 76.2% in pathological differentiation type Ⅰ-Ⅱ and Ⅲ-Ⅳ groups ( P=0.049). The difference was statistically significant. The wrose pathological differentiation type of liver cancer, the higher expression level of ASPM in liver cancer tissue. In liver cancer tissues, the overall 1/3/5-year survival rates of ASPM high/low-expression group were 97.6%, 80.6%, 80.6% and 93.3%, 89.7% and 89.7% respectively ( P>0.05). There was no statistical significance. And 1/3/5-year long-term disease-free survival rates were 78.6%, 55.5%, 55.5% and 86.3%, 86.3% and 86.3% respectively ( P=0.036). The difference was statistically significant. The disease-free survival rate was lower in ASPM high-expression group and post-transplantation prognosis was worse. Conclusions:The expression of ASPM is significantly higher in liver cancer tissues than that in adjacent tissues. And the expression level of ASPM in liver cancer tissues is correlated with pathological differentiation types of liver cancer and has an impact on tumor-free survival of patients after liver transplantation for liver cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 510-513, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of interferon (IFN) -γ rs2430561 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum IFN-γ levels with susceptibility to herpes zoster.Methods:Blood samples were collected from 74 patients with herpes zoster and 40 healthy controls in General Hospital of Southern Theatre Command and the Fifth People Hospital of Hainan Province from November 2019 to November 2020. PCR and Sagner resequencing were conducted to detect the IFN-γ rs2430561 SNPs in the subjects, fluorescence-based quantitative PCR was performed to determine the copy number of varicella-herpes zoster virus (VZV) DNA in the serum of the patients with herpes zoster, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to detect the serum IFN-γ level. Measurement data were compared by using t test or non-parametric test, and enumeration data by using chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:As rs2430561 genotyping showed, there were 4 patients with AA genotype, 37 with TT genotype and 33 with TA genotype in the herpes zoster group, as well as 13 subjects with TA genotype and 27 with TT genotype in the healthy control group, and the frequency of A allele of rs2430561 was significantly higher in the herpes zoster group (27.70%) than in the control group (16.25%, P=0.036) . The serum IFN-γ level ( M[ P25, P75]) was significantly lower in the herpes zoster group (33.45[0.80, 95.01]pg/ml) than in the control group (67.83[2.74, 318.35]pg/ml, U=1 822, P=0.028) . The VZV DNA copy number (expressed as a logarithm to the base of 10) per milliliter was 3.23 ± 0.71 in the serum of the patients with herpes zoster, and the serum IFN-γ level was negatively correlated with the VZV DNA copy number ( r=-0.302, P=0.009) . Conclusion:The carriage of rs2430561 A allele may affect the expression of IFN-γ, leading to higher susceptibility to herpes zoster.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 925-931, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively analyze the expression profile of circular RNA (circRNA) and construct competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory networks in tuberous sclerosis complex related renal angiomyolipoma (TSC-RAML).Methods:According to the diagnostic criteria of TSC determined by the international consensus group on tuberous sclerosis in 2012, tumor tissues and paired normal renal tissues of 3 patients with TSC-RAML who were diagnosed in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2019 were collected. The circRNA, miRNA and mRNA of 3 paired samples were detected by circRNA, miRNA chip technology and next generation sequencing respectively, and the differential molecules were determined. Gene Ontology(GO) functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed based on differential mRNA molecules and host genes of circRNA. Based on differential circRNA, miRNA and mRNA, up-regulated and down-regulated ceRNA regulatory networks were established.Results:A total of 330 up-regulated and 336 down-regulated differential circRNA, 8 up-regulated and 7 down-regulated miRNA, 800 up-regulated and 1130 down-regulated mRNA were screened. Through GO and KEGG enrichment analysis, many pathways including lipid metabolism, focal adhesion and mineral absorption were abnormally altered. Finally, the up-regualted ceRNA network led by hsa_circ_0092022, hsa_circ_0076859 and hsa_circ_0033388 and down-regulated network led by hsa_circ_0000374, hsa_circ_0000141, hsa_circ_0072665, hsa_circ_0009503 and hsa_circ_0000009 were constructed.Conclusions:There were many differentially expressed circRNA between TSC-RAML and paired normal renal tissues. ceRNA regulatory networks may be involved in the occurrence and development of TSC-RAML.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1102-1106, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the effects of individualized exercise rehabilitation prescriptions based on cardiopulmonary exercise tests on ambulatory blood pressure and cardiopulmonary function in elderly hypertension patients.Methods:This was a prospective randomized controlled study.Sixty essential hypertension patients hospitalized in our hospital from January 2020 to November 2020 and on regular antihypertensive medication were selected and divided using a random number table into the control group(30 cases)and the study group(30 cases). The control group received only conventional medication and the study group conducted individualized exercise rehabilitation in addition to medication, with no adjustment in anti-hypertensive medication for patients in either group.All enrolled patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before treatment and 12 weeks after treatment.Changes in blood pressure and cardiopulmonary function in the two groups were compared.Results:Compared with the control group, the study group recorded reductions in the 24-hour average systolic blood pressure(135.6±8.7 mmHg vs.141.8±6.3 mmHg), 24-hour average diastolic blood pressure(79.3±9.4 mmHg vs.85.1±6.7 mmHg), daytime average systolic blood pressure(136.4±7.8 mmHg vs.140.2±6.6 mmHg), daytime average diastolic blood pressure(78.2±7.6 mmHg vs.84.4±7.2 mmHg), night-time average systolic blood pressure(125.0±9.6 mmHg vs.129.7±7.9 mmHg), and night-time average diastolic blood pressure(76.6±7.6 mmHg vs.84.5±6.7 mmHg)after 12 weeks of exercise( P<0.05 for all). Compared with pre-exercise levels, the study group achieved decreases in body mass index, resting heart rate, resting systolic blood pressure, resting diastolic blood pressure, peak systolic blood pressure, peak diastolic blood pressure( P<0.05 for all), and increases in maximum metabolic equivalent, peak oxygen uptake, maximum power and peak heart rate( P<0.05 for all), while the control group saw decreases in resting heart rate and resting diastolic blood pressure( P<0.05). After 12 weeks, the study group had lower levels than the control group in body mass index(24.5±2.0 kg/m 2vs.26.7±2.2 kg/m 2), resting systolic blood pressure(133.8±10.8 mmHg vs.139.3±9.0 mmHg)and resting diastolic blood pressure(79.4±8.0 mmHg vs.84.9±9.3 mmHg)( P<0.05)and higher levels in maximum metabolic equivalent(6.0±0.6 vs.5.2±1.1), peak oxygen uptake(22.0±2.7 ml·min -1·kg -1vs.20.3±3.7 ml·min -1·kg -1), maximum power(124.3±19.9 W vs.112.4±25.1 W)and peak heart rate(130.1±15.5 times/min vs.122.9±11.7 times/min)( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with antihypertensive drugs alone, the addition of individualized exercise prescriptions for rehabilitation based on cardiopulmonary exercise tests can effectively reduce blood pressure, improve cardiopulmonary function, and enhance exercise endurance and quality of life for elderly hypertension patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 973-978, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909965

ABSTRACT

Patients with complex proximal humeral fractures suffer from poor bone quality,impaired blood supply of humeral head and a high risk of osteoporosis. With unpredictable clinical outcome,the treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures is challenging. Shoulder arthroplasty including hemiarthroplasty and reverse shoulder arthroplasty plays an essential role in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures. However,the indication and clinical outcome of shoulder arthroplasty are controversial. Combined with literature and authors' own clinical experiences,arthroplasty options and related influencing factors for the treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures are detailed under consideration of patients' age,quality of tuberosities,status of rotator cuff and revision surgery,etc.,which is helpful to define the extent of surgery and improve clinical outcome.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Our previous studies demonstrated that various ingredients from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, as exemplified by cryptotanshinone and salvi?anolic acid B, exerted striking effects on modulating angiogenesis and vascular permeability, which suggests that they may be effective in treating vascular leak-driven diseases (e.g. tumor, cerebral cavernous malformation and diabetic reti?nopathy). However, the lack of reliable and advanced technologies and models sets up difficult hurdles for better under?standing the role of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. To this end, this study is to outline numerous cutting-edge platforms that can be utilized for exploring the function of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis in vascular leak-driven diseases. METHODS Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence micros?copy was used to observe the interactions between neutrophils and blood vessels in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was employed to mimic the in vivo behaviors of neutrophils. RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model was used to study the function of tumor blood vessels. CCM2ECKO (deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells) mice were employed to establish the cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) animal model. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) was utilized to assess the CCM lesion. Müller cell-knockout mouse model was used to study the progression of dia?betic retinopathy. Vascular permeability in this model was assessed by fluorescein angiography. RESULTS The interac?tions between neutrophils and endothelial cells involve a series of complicated processes, including rolling, adhesion, intraluminal crawling and transmigration, which were all monitored in vivo by two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was capable of recapitulating the biological behaviors of neutro?phils in vitro. Tumor vascular function in particular vascular perfusion could be assessed in the RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model. In terms of CCM studies, specific deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells resulted in the initiation of CCM lesion. The size and number of CCM lesions could be visualized and quantified by micro-CT. Furthermore, the Müller cell-knockout mouse model was able to precisely reflect the clinical symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Vascular leak could be monitored at different time points using fluorescein angiography. CONCLUSION An array of high technol?ogies and animal models can be used in investigating the occurrence and progression of multiple vascular leak-driven diseases. The pre-clinical and clinical studies of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis provide fundamental support for the application of the above-mentioned platforms, with the purpose of uncovering the scientific basis of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the pre-attentive processing of methamphetamine addicts.Methods:Forty methamphetamine addicts were screened and equally divided into the intervention group and the control group by random number table method.The intervention group was treated with bilateral simultaneous stimulation with 10 Hz on the left DLPFC and 1 Hz on the right DLPFC with 7 days of continuous intervention.The same scheme was used to intervene the control group, but with pseudo-stimulation. The changes of amplitude and latency of mismatch negative wave(MMN) before and after intervention were compared. SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Independent sample t-test was used for inter group comparison, and paired sample t-test was used for intra group comparison before and after intervention. Results:Before rTMS, there were no significant differences in MMN(F3, Fz, F4) amplitude (intervention group: (-0.90±0.28)μV, (-0.98±0.19)μV, (-0.96±0.19)μV; control group: (-0.92±0.21)μV, (-0.89±0.20)μV, (-0.94±0.16)μV)and latency(intervention group: (184.16±33.07)ms, (179.20±25.35)ms, (184.95±28.22)ms; control group: (184.91±26.96)ms, (180.99±25.29)ms, (181.55±23.19)ms) between the two groups (all P>0.05). After the intervention, there were significant differences in MMN(Fz, F4) amplitude(intervention group: (-1.38±0.16)μV, (-1.17±0.19)μV; control group: (-0.91±0.17) μV, (-0.99±0.16)μV) between the two groups (both P<0.01), but there were no significant differences in MMN (F3) amplitude(intervention group: (-1.01±0.59)μV; control group: (-0.80±0.50)μV), and in MMN (F3, Fz, F4) latency(intervention group: (177.38±26.45)ms, (172.17±23.87)ms, (179.84±23.60)ms; control group: (182.08±24.95)ms, (177.94±21.30)ms, (179.18±21.62)ms)between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in MMN( Fz, F4) amplitude (before-intervention: (-0.98±0.19)μV, (-0.96±0.19)μV; after-intervention: (-1.38±0.16)μV, (-1.17±0.19)μV)before and after intervention in the intervention group (both P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in MMN(F3) amplitude(before-intervention: (-0.90±0.28)μV; after-intervention: (-1.01±0.59)μV)before and after intervention in the intervention group ( P>0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in MMN(F3, Fz, F4) latency (before-intervention: (184.16±33.07)ms, (179.20±25.35)ms, (184.95±28.22)ms; after-intervention: (177.38±26.45)ms, (172.17±23.87)ms, (179.84±23.60)ms)before and after intervention in the intervention group(all P<0.05). After pseudo-stimulation, there were no statistically significant differences in MMN( F3, Fz, F4) amplitude(before-intervention: (-0.92±0.21)μV, (-0.89±0.20)μV, (-0.94±0.16)μV; after-intervention: (-0.80±0.50)μV, (-0.91±0.17)μV, (-0.99±0.16)μV)and latency (before-intervention: (184.91±26.96)ms, (180.99±25.29)ms, (181.55±23.19)ms; after-intervention: (182.08±24.95)ms, (177.94±21.30)ms, (179.18±21.62)ms) before and after intervention in the control group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:After repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation, the pre-attentive processing of the intervention group is improved, which shows that bilateral simultaneous stimulation of the rTMS program is effective.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of multidisciplinary cooperative nutrition management model in acute stroke patients with dysphagia.Methods:From February 2019 to February 2020, 69 acute stroke patients with dysphagia were enrolled in this study. After exclusion of those unable to complete the trial, patients were randomized into control group ( n=30) and experimental group ( n=30). Patients in the control group were given routine nutrition management, while patients in the experimental group were treated under multidisciplinary cooperative nutrition management model. Nutritional indicators were compared between the two groups on Day 1, 7 and 14 after admission, including levels of albumin (ALB), pre-albumin (PALB), hemoglobin (HB), triceps skin-fold (TSF) thickness on the uninjured side, upper arm muscle circumference etc. Incidence of gastrointestinal complications and infectious complications was also recorded. Results:There was no difference between two groups in the levels of HB, TSF thickness and upper arm muscle circumference on the uninjured side (all P>0.05). However, the serum levels of ALB and PALB on Day 7 and 14 in the experimental group were higher than that in the control group(all P<0.05), The incidence of gastrointestinal complications ( P=0.015)and infectious complications ( P=0.016) in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group. Conclusion:Multidisciplinary collaborative nutrition management improved nutritional indicators, reduced the incidence of gastrointestinal complications and infectious complications in acute stroke patients with dysphagia, making multidisciplinary collaborative nutrition management model worthy of clinical promotion and application.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 609-617,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and their phenotypes, CD4 + TILs, CD8 + TILs and FOXP3 + TILs, in short-term prognosis (PCR) and long-term prognosis (DFS, OS) of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), and to provide theoretical support for the immunotherapy of TNBC. Methods:A systematic surch of PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI was conducted to identified eligible articles. All prospective trials and observational controlled trials published before August 2020 were retrieved.The two authors independently evaluated the quality of the included literature, extracted the data, and conducted systematic evaluation and analysis using RevMan5.3 software.Results:A total of 48 literatures were included.Every 10% increase in TILs and TILs expression in the high-expression group predicted a higher PCR, OR were 1.81 (95% CI: 1.44-2.28) and 1.09 (95% CI: 1.02-1.15). For longer survival, the HR for DFS and OS were 0.99 (95% CI: 0.98-0.99) and 0.90 (95% CI: 0.86-0.94), 0.87 (95% CI: 0.79-0.96) and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.83-0.92). Phenotypic CD4 + TILs, CD8 + TILs, and FOXP3 + TILs did not show statistically significant differences in PCR among patients, but in long-term prognosis, higher infiltration predicted longer survival, with HR for DFS of 0.54 (95% CI: 0.36-0.80), 0.46(95% CI: 0.33-0.64) and 0.45(95% CI: 0.31-0.68). HR of OS were 0.49 (95% CI: 0.32-0.76), 0.59 (95% CI: 0.54-0.66) and 0.44 (95% CI: 0.27-0.71). Conclusion:The infiltration degree of TILs and the increase of TILs expression by 10% can be used as a prognostic index of TNBC.High levels of phenotypic infiltration of CD4 + TILs, CD8 + TILs, and FOXP3 + TILs predicted better long-term survival, but there was no statistically significant difference in short-term survival.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3277-3284, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906848

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of tanshinone IIA (TanIIA) on the occurrence and development of breast cancer, we employed the mouse mammary tumor virus-polyomavirus middle T antigen (MMTV-PyMT) transgenic mice as a spontaneous breast cancer mouse model. Animal welfare and experimental procedures were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The animals were divided into control group, low-dose TanIIA treatment group (30 mg·kg-1·day-1), and high-dose TanIIA treatment group (60 mg·kg-1·day-1). The treatment was administered orally and daily for 5 weeks. The mice were sacrificed after final treatment. Mammary gland and lung were collected for histopathology studies. We evaluated the chemoprophylaxis effect of TanIIA on breast cancer in mice according to the pathological characteristics of breast cancer at different stages of development. Immunofluorescence staining were employed for blood vessel analysis. The expression levels of E-cadherin, proliferating nuclear antigen (PCNA), and oncogene c-Myc were detected by immunohistochemistry. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and Cytoscape was used to construct drug-disease protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Our results showed that TanIIA inhibits breast tumor progression by delaying malignancy from adenoma to early carcinoma, and inhibits blood vessel formation during tumor development. TanIIA (60 mg·kg-1·day-1) inhibits the expression levels of PCNA and c-Myc, upregulates the expression of E-cadherin. In addition, cell cycle experiments showed that the cell cycle of PyMT primary mammary cells in the high-dose TanIIA group was arrested in the G0/G1 phase. Our study demonstrated that TanIIA can significantly inhibit breast tumor progression in MMTV-PyMT mouse model, which may be related to the inhibition of angiogenic switch and cell cycle arrest.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out the suitable nonpolar molecular cosolvent and concentration with adventitious root phenotype and ginsenoside content in the controlled experiment as the evaluation indexes, so as to lay a solid foundation for exploring the causes for good shape and high quality of <italic>Panax quinquefolium</italic>. Method:After being treated with different concentrations of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethanol, the adventitious roots were scanned using a panoramic scanner, and the resulting images were used for measuring the branch number and average diameter by WinRHIZO Pro 2016, Synbiosis ProtoCol 3 colony counter, Image J, and SmartRoot. The contents of ginsenosides Rg<sub>1</sub>, Rb<sub>1</sub>, and Re were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Result:Compared with the blank control, the 0.1% DMSO and 75% ethanol made the adventitious root phenotype and ginsenoside contents significantly changed. Specifically, the branch number and average diameter were significantly reduced. The ginsenoside Rg<sub>1</sub> in the adventitious roots decreased after 0.1% DMSO treatment, whereas the ginsenosides Rg<sub>1</sub> and Re increased after 75% ethanol treatment. The adventitious root phenotype and ginsenoside contents in the 0.1% DMSO treatment group were not significantly different from those in the control group. Conclusion:The 0.01% DMSO does not affect the adventitious root growth of <italic>P. quinquefolium </italic>and is insoluble in water, enabling it to be considered as a suitable nonpolar molecular cosolvent for future research on the genetic causes for the good shape and high quality of <italic>P. quinquefolium</italic>.

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