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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912628

ABSTRACT

Objective:The construction of public medical group is an important strategic measure to deepen the health reform in China. Taking Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital as an example, the article introduces the measures, achievements, existing problems and possible development direction of the discipline co-construction in the entrusted district hospital.Methods:The article analyzes the measures of discipline co-construction and its implementation effect in detail.Results:It has effectively promoted the reasonable allocation of resources between " well-developed leading disciplines" and " disciplines to be nurtured" in the medical group, these disciplines entering a new rapid development phase through optimized organization and management, system construction, new research platform construction.Conclusions:" Disciplines to be nurtured" has been improved in medical service, scientific research capabilities, talent training, academic inheritance and quality of scientific research achievements, based on which, the goal of promoting the development of medical group through discipline co-construction was achieved.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1209-1216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation on the sagittal parameters of lumbar degenerative diseases of 2-4 segments.Methods:A total of 45 patients with 2-4 segments lumbar degenerative diseases, who underwent decompression and internal fixation in our hospital from March 2014 to July 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 22 females with an average age of 55±18 years (range 15-86 years). Dynesys dynamic fixation was performed in 22 cases and fusion fixation in 23 cases. Lumbar anteroposterior, flexion and extension lateral and standing full-length spine radiographs were taken before surgery, 2 weeks postoperatively, 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up. Sagittal alignment parameters were measured on those radiographs and compared between two groups. Lumbar parameters included lumbar lordosis (LL), lordosis of the fixed segments (LFx), lordosis of the adjacent level to fixed segment (LAdj) and lumbar range of motion (ROM). Pelvic parameters included pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).Results:All cases were followed up for 12-50 months with an average of 18.5 months. There was no significant intra- and inter-group difference of LL value between Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation group before and after surgery ( P>0.05). The overall difference of LFx between groups was not statistically significant ( F=0.700, P=0.406). There was statistically significant variance between time points ( F=7.960, P<0.001) and an interaction effect between group and time ( F=3.940, P=0.006). The LFx of the fusion fixation group was more than that of the dynamic fixation group at 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The difference of LAdj value between the two groups was not statistically significant ( F=0.520, P=0.476), while the difference between time points was significant ( F=4.810, P=0.002) with interaction effect between group and time ( F=3.560, P=0.010). Postoperative ROM values of the two groups showed statistically significant differences in group effect, time effect and interaction effect, respectively ( F=4.770, P=0.034; F=18.510, P<0.001; F=5.940, P=0.002). Dynamic fixation group's ROM was more than that of the fusion fixation group at 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference of PI between groups and between different time points ( F=0.580, P=0.451; F=0.750; P=0.477). There was no interaction effect in PI between group and time ( F=0.120, P=0.886). There was no significant difference of PT and SS between two groups ( F=0.320, P=0.576; F=0.020, P=0.901). Both time effect and interaction effect were statistically significant ( P<0.05). One complication of unilateral S 1 screw loosening happened in one patient with dynamic fixed at 2 years after surgery. There was no complication in the fusion fixation group during the follow-up. Conclusion:Both Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation can effectively reconstruct the lumbar lordosis. The fixed segments' lordosis of Dynesys was less than that of fusion fixation from 3 months after operation. Theoretically, the similar increasing trends of LAdj after fixation implied that the degeneration of adjacent segments may occur in both fixation systems. The dynamic fixation can retain more ROM than the fusion fixation. Both two fixation systems have similar influence on the pelvic parameters.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a risk prediction score for the needs of coronary care unit (CCU) care in stable condition acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who receive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 805 STEMI patients who accepted PCI in the First Hospital of Jilin University from November 2017 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 654 patients from November 2017 to July 2018 were served as the modeling group, the patients with needs of CCU had 125 cases, and the patients without needs of CCU had 529 cases; 151 patients from August 2018 to October 2018 were served as the validation group, the patients with needs of CCU had 28 cases, and the patients without needs of CCU had 123 cases. Binary Logistic regression analysis was used to establish the risk prediction model and determine the score standards. The critical value was determined according to the best Youden index of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Among 805 patients with STEMI, 153 cases (19.01%) had the needs of CCU, and the most common reason was pump failure (heart failure and cardiogenic shock, 113 cases). In the modeling group, age (60 to 74 years old, OR = 1.513, 95% CI 0.945 to 2.424, P = 0.085; ≥75 years old, OR = 2.740, 95% CI 1.371 to 5.478, P = 0.004), total ischemic time>4 h ( OR = 1.701, 95% CI 1.022 to 2.831, P = 0.041), admission shock index ≥0.8 ( OR = 1.910, 95% CI 1.178 to 3.099, P = 0.009), multi-vessel disease ( OR = 2.090, 95% CI 1.272 to 3.432, P = 0.004), preoperative diseased vessels thrombolysis in myocardial ischemia (TIMI) blood flow grade 0 ( OR = 2.099, 95% CI 1.313 to 3.353, P = 0.002), acute anterior myocardial infarction ( OR = 3.696, 95% CI 2.347 to 5.819, P<0.001) and previous history of stroke ( OR = 3.927, 95% CI 2.057 to 7.500, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for CCU needs in STEMI patients undergoing PCI. The scoring criteria were as followings: age<60 years old was given 0 score, 60 to 74 years old 1 score, ≥75 years old 2 score; total ischemic time>4 h in 1 score, admission shock index ≥0.8 2 scores, multi-vessel disease 2 scores, preoperative diseased vessels TIMI blood flow grade 0 2 scores, acute anterior myocardial infarction 3 scores, previous history of stroke 3 scores, and the total score was 15 scores. The patients with 0 to 6 scores were low-risk, and the patients with 7 to 15 scores were high-risk. ROC curve analysis result showed that, in modeling group, the area under curve (AUC) of risk prediction score for predicting the needs of CCU in STEMI patients was 0.740 (95% CI 0.692 to 0.788, P = 0.580); in validation group, the AUC of risk prediction score for predicting the needs of CCU in STEMI patients was 0.755 (95% CI 0.658 to 0.853, P = 0.755). Conclusions:A predictive risk score based on seven risk factors such as age, total ischemic time, admission shock index, multi-vessel disease, preoperative diseased vessels TIMI blood flow grade, acute anterior myocardial infarction and previous history of stroke is constructed in order to predict the needs of CCU in STEMI patients with stable condition who receive PCI treatment. It can be used to help doctors to identify high-risk patients before the admission to CCU, thus providing simple and practical clinical tool for rational allocation of limited CCU resources.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle among Shanghai occupational population aged 18-59 in 2013 and provide suggestion for intervention. Methods:Data retrieved from 2013 Shanghai Non-communicable Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance were used to investigate the residents who were 18-59 years old and engaged in various occupations in Shanghai. Descriptive analysis and test were conducted by weight and complex sampling. Smoking, drinking, eating behavior and physical activities were compared among different gender,age,area and occupation groups. Results:A total of 10 287 participants were included in this analysis. The current smoking rate of 41.46% in males were significantly higher than 0.64% in females(χ2=2 278.306,P<0.05). The current smoking prevalence was highest in workers in production and transport (34.49%). The rate of drinking in the past 30 days, hazardous drinking, and harmful drinking in rural area were 23.80%,6.59% and 11.62%, respectively,which were the highest in all areas. Both the hazardous and harmful drinking prevalence (8.58% and 18.70%, respectively) were the highest in agriculture workers in comparison with other occupations. There is no significant difference in insufficient intake of vegetables and fruits in gender,age and area groups. The proportion of people with excessive intake of red meat was higher in males than that in females (28.11% versus 17.77%,146.176,P<0.05). Occupational population in urban area had the highest regular physical activities (22.64%). The clerks had the longest daily sedentary time (7.25 h). The agricultural workers had the lowest regular exercise rate (11.75%) and the shortest sedentary time (4.07 h). Conclusion:This study identifies different prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle in different gender, age, area, and occupational groups, which can be helpful for for targeted intervention.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 725-728, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873826

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA (miRNA) is a type of small non-coding RNA and acts as a post-transcriptional regulator of gene expression. This article briefly describes the etiology of various chronic liver diseases, including metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease, chronic hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, chronic drug-induced liver injury, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and summarizes related reports on microRNA-125b which enters different signal transduction pathways and plays the same or contradictory regulatory role in the same liver disease or pathological process by targeting different target genes, so as to provide insights into the research on the pathogenesis of various chronic liver diseases and the establishment of non-invasive differential methods.

6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 428-438, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#High-fat diet (HFD) and inflammation are two key contributors to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Shenling Baizhu powder (SLBZP), a classical herbal compound, has been successfully used to alleviate NAFLD. However, its specific mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we assessed the anti-NAFLD effect of SLBZP in vivo.@*METHODS@#Rats were fed an HFD with or without SLBZP or with probiotics. At the end of week 16, an echo magnetic resonance imaging (EchoMRI) body composition analyser was used to quantitatively analyse body composition; a micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging system was used to evaluate whole body and liver fat; and the Moor full-field laser perfusion imager 2 was used to assess liver microcirculation, after which, all rats were sacrificed. Then, biochemical indicators in the blood and the ultrastructure of rat livers were evaluated. Protein expression related to the liver Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) signalling pathway was assessed using Western blot analysis. Further, high-throughput screening of 29 related inflammatory factors in liver tissue was performed using a cytokine array.@*RESULTS@#SLBZP supplementation reduced body weight, serum free fatty acid, and insulin resistance index (P < 0.05). It also ameliorated liver microcirculation and ultrastructural abnormalities. EchoMRI and micro-CT quantitative analyses showed that treatment with SLBZP reduced fat mass and visceral fat (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). In addition, SLBZP decreased the expression of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated TLR4/NLRP3 signalling pathway-related proteins and altered the expression levels of some inflammatory cytokines in liver tissues.@*CONCLUSION@#SLBZP can inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome activation and interleukin-1β release by suppressing LPS-induced TLR4 expression in rats with HFD-induced NAFLD. Thus, SLBZP may be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory damage and associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Liver , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Powders , Rats , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , X-Ray Microtomography
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 320-327, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922349

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic osteomyelitis (PTO) is a worldwide problem in the field of orthopaedic trauma. So far, there is no ideal treatment or consensus-based gold standard for its management. This paper reviews the representative literature focusing on PTO, mainly from the following four aspects: (1) the pathophysiological mechanism of PTO and the interaction mechanism between bacteria and the body, including fracture stress, different components of internal fixation devices, immune response, occurrence and development mechanisms of inflammation in PTO, as well as the occurrence and development mechanisms of PTO in skeletal system; (2) clinical classification, mainly the etiological classification, histological classification, anatomical classification and the newly proposed new classifications (a brief analysis of their scope and limitations); (3) imaging diagnosis, including non-invasive examination and invasive examination (this paper discusses their advantages and disadvantages respectively, and briefly compares the sensitivity and effectiveness of the current examinations); and (4) strategies, including antibiotic administration, surgical choices and other treatment programs. Based on the above-mentioned four aspects, we try to put forward some noteworthy sections, in order to make the existing opinions more specific.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Osteomyelitis/therapy
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9085, Jan. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055483

ABSTRACT

Total Panax notoginseng saponin (TPNS) is the main bioactivity compound derived from the roots and rhizomes of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of TPNS in treating vascular neointimal hyperplasia in rats and its mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups, sham (control), injury, and low, medium, and high dose TPNS (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg). An in vivo 2F Fogarty balloon-induced carotid artery injury model was established in rats. TPNS significantly and dose-dependently reduced balloon injury-induced neointimal area (NIA) (P<0.001, for all doses) and NIA/media area (MA) (P<0.030, for all doses) in the carotid artery of rats, and PCNA expression (P<0.001, all). The mRNA expression of smooth muscle (SM) α-actin was significantly increased in all TPNS groups (P<0.005, for all doses) and the protein expression was significantly increased in the medium (P=0.006) and high dose TPNS (P=0.002) groups compared to the injury group. All the TPNS doses significantly decreased the mRNA expression of c-fos (P<0.001). The medium and high dose TPNS groups significantly suppressed the upregulation of pERK1/2 protein in the NIA (P<0.025) and MA (P<0.004). TPNS dose-dependently inhibited balloon injury-induced activation of pERK/p38MAPK signaling in the carotid artery. TPNS could be a promising agent in inhibiting cell proliferation following vascular injuries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Saponins/pharmacology , Carotid Artery Injuries/prevention & control , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Panax notoginseng/drug effects , Neointima/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Carotid Artery Injuries/etiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hyperplasia
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To invetigate the influencing factors and clinical significance of liver function damage (LFD) in patients diagnosed with Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 51 patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to the Sino-French New City Branch of Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Huazhong University of Science and Technology by the 5th group assisting team from the First Hospital of Jilin University from February 9th to 27th in 2020 were collected. There were 27 males and 24 females, aged from 36 to 86 years, with an average age of 68 years. The treatment modality was according to the diagnostic and therapeutic guideline for COVID-19 (Trial 6th edition) issued by National Health Commission. Observation indicators: (1) clinical data of patients; (2) analysis of liver function index and treatment of LFD; (3) analysis of influencing factors for LFD. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. The Logistic regression method was used for univariate analysis. Results:(1) Clinical data of patients: of the 51 patients, 21 were classified as ordinary type of COVID-19, 19 as severe type and 11 as critical type. In terms of medical history, 31 patients suffered from more than or equal to one kind of chronic disease, 20 had no history of chronic disease. Thirteen patients had the drinking history and 38 had no drinking history. Seven patients were hepatitis positive and 44 were hepatitis negative. Five patients had septic shock at admission, 5 had systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and 41 had neither shock nor SIRS. The body mass index (BMI), time from onset to admission, temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate of the 51 patients were (24±3)kg/m 2, (13±5)days, 36.5 ℃ (range, 36.0-38.1 ℃), 82 times/minutes (range, 50-133 times/minutes), 20 times/minutes (range, 12-40 times/minutes). The white blood cell count, level of creatinine, and level of b-type natriuretic peptide within 24 hours after admission were 6.3×10 9/L [range, (2.2-21.7)×10 9/L], 75 μmol/L (range, 44-342 μmol/L), 214 ng/L (range, 5-32 407 ng/L). (2) Analysis of liver function index and treatment of LFD: the level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin (DBil), indirect bilirubin (IBil), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) were 31 U/L (range, 7-421 U/L), 29 U/L (range, 15-783 U/L), 36 U/L (range, 13-936 U/L), 76 U/L (range, 41-321 U/L), 4.9 μmol/L (range, 2.6-14.3 μmol/L), 5.8 μmol/L (range, 2.6-23.9 μmol/L), 37.2 s (range, 30.9-77.1 s), 13.9 s (range, 12.5-26.7 s), respectively. The percentages of cases with abnormal ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, DBil, IBil, APTT and PT were 47.1%(24/51), 47.1%(24/51), 35.3%(18/51), 13.7%(7/51), 7.8%(4/51), 2.0%(1/51), 21.6%(11/51), and 19.6%(10/51), respectively. Of the 51 patients, LFD was detected in 10 patients classified as ordinary type, in 9 patients as severe type, and in 10 as critical type, respectively. In the 51 patients, 1 of 22 patients with normal liver function developed respiratory failure and received mechanical ventilation within 24 hours after admission, while 9 of 29 patients with abnormal liver function developed respiratory failure and received mechanical ventilation, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=5.57, P<0.05). (3) Analysis of influencing factors for LFD. Results of univariate analysis showed that clinical classification of COVID-19 as critical type was a related factor for LFD of patients ( odds ratio=10.000, 95% confidence interval: 1.050-95.231, P<0.05). Conclusions:COVID-19 patients with LFD are more susceptible to develop respiratory failure. The clinical classification of COVID-19 as critical type is a related factor for LFD of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863501

ABSTRACT

The serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) is a member of the protease inhibitor family. As SPINK1 plays an essential role in the occurrence, development and prognosis of tumors, such as ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer, the clinical application of SPINK1 as a tumor marker has been widely concerned by researchers.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 385-388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862859

ABSTRACT

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a kind of malignant lymphoma with a good prognosis. With the constant development of medical technology, the cure rate of HL has increased significantly. At present, the main problem is risk-adapted therapy according to the disease condition and prognosis-related factors to increase or decrease the intensity of treatment, in order to increase the cure rate and reduce the side effects, prolong the survival time and improve the quality of life of patients. This article focuses on the analysis of HL prognosis-related factors, common treatment methods for HL, and the effect of PET-CT results on the implementation of risk-adapted therapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876231

ABSTRACT

Objective To make assessment on construction effectiveness of the first batch of national chronic disease comprehensive control and prevention demonstration areas (NCD demonstration areas) in Shanghai, summarizing NCD experience and its characteristics, so as to provide reference for other regions. Methods Data were collected and analysed concerning construction of health support environment and regional characteristics of the six districts-Xuhui, Jing′an, Minhang, Jiading, Songjiang and Qingpu.Descriptive data from Shanghai Non-communicable Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance in 2013 and 2017 was also analyzed for evaluation. Results It was noted that health support environment had been in continuous construction.The total number of health units increased by 1 502 as compared with pre-construction.The number of new type health units increased by 489 such as health theme parks, health trails and health huts.All six districts established self-help health test points covering all streets and towns.Residents′ living and behavior styles were improved, as there was a decrease in current smoking rate, oil intake and salt intake in the six NCD demonstration areas.In Xuhui, Minhang and Jiading three districts, the current smoking rate among residents over 18 years old remarkably declined.In five of the six districts, the average daily oil intake per family member was significantly reduced and so was the average daily salt intake per family member in the six districts.In addition, the six demonstration areas in Shanghai explored several models of NCD prevention and control in line with regional characteristics, which produced positive results. Conclusion The first batch of demonstration areas of Shanghai have achieved effective results in aspects of environmental support and health effects.The modes of NCD prevention and control in different districts present their regional characteristics, which provide significant reference for other regions of Shanghai in this regard.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876230

ABSTRACT

The "Medium and Long-term Plan for the Prevention and Control of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases in Shanghai (2018-2030)" was officially released in August 2018.From the perspective of public health, this paper analyzes the background of the plan from the epidemic situation, response and challenges Shanghai City is facing, expounds the comprehensive prevention and control system of chronic diseases including four functional systems, and explains the key preventive and control measures on the different stages of chronic diseases, comparing the evaluation indicators with those of the national plan.This paper will help to better understand the new blueprint for the prevention and control of chronic diseases in Shanghai in the next ten years.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876187

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink among residents aged 15 years and above in 2013 in Shanghai. Methods Data was extracted from the 2013 Shanghai Non-communicable Disease and Risk Factors Surveillance, in which multi-stage cluster sampling was performed.A total of 25 657 subjects aged ≥15 years across the city were selected for analysis. Results In the study, 34.42% (95%CI:32.33%-36.51%) and 37.85% (95%CI:35.37%-40.32%) of the subjects consumed sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink in 2013 in Shanghai.The proportions declined with age (P for trend < 0.001), while increased with education level (P for trend < 0.001).They were 65.28% and 69.82% among students, which were much higher than other occupations.Men consumed more sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage than women (37.31% vs 31.37%), whereas less juice/fruit-flavored drink (36.14% vs 39.65%).Among the subjects consumed sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage (n=6 254) or juice/fruit-flavored drink (n=6 701), 52.20% (95%CI:49.41%-54.98%) and 54.04% (95%CI:51.09%-56.98%) consumed 1-3 times a week.The daily average amount of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink were 98.64 mL (95%CI:88.92-108.37) and 88.85 mL (95%CI:73.73-103.97), respectively, which were higher among the young (< 45 years old), male and students. Conclusion In 2013 in Shanghai, the consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink is highly prevalent among residents aged 15 years and above, especially among the young, male, well-educated and students.Intervention should be tailored to reduce the consumption among at-risk population.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873317

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Yiyiren Tang with external application therapy in the patients with acute gouty arthritis (AGA) and damp-heat obstruction syndrome, and to investigate its effect on inflammatory factors. Method::One hundred and fifty-three patients were randomly divided into control group (77 cases) and observation group (76 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got meloxicam tablets after the meal, 1 tablet/day, 1 time/day, diclofenac sodium gel, 3 times/days. On the basis of meloxicam tablets, patients in observation group additionally received addition and subtraction therapy of Yiyiren Tang by oral and topical applications. The course of treatment was 7 days in both groups. Scores of visual analogue score of pain (VAS) were graded everyday, and the relief time and disappearance time of pain were recorded. Before and after treatment, scores of damp-heat obstruction syndrome were recorded. Levels of uric acid (UA), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), serum cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 6-keto-prostatic factor F1alpha (6-keto-PGF1α) were all detected, and the safety was evaluated. Result::The clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.205, P<0.05). The relief time and disappearance time of pain were shorter than those in control group (P<0.01). At the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th day after treatment, scores of VAS were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the scores of main symptoms such as joint pain, tenderness, swelling and dyskinesia, scores of the secondary symptoms and the total scores of damp-heat obstruction syndrome were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, levels of ESR, CRP, UA, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, COX-2, PGE2 and TXB2 were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Based on the treatment of meloxicam, addition and subtraction therapy of Yiyiren Tang by oral and topical administration methods can quickly relieve and eliminate pain, alleviate the main clinical symptoms and inhibit inflammation in patients with damp-heat obstruction syndrome, showing good clinical efficacy and safety.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872791

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect of icariin on damaged neurons from the perspective of endoplasmic reticulum stress, in order to explore some mechanisms for repairing damaged neurons. Method::PC12 cells were induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) to differentiate into neurons, and the positive rate of microtubule associated protein-2 (MAP2) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) expressions was determined by flow cytometry. The experiment was divided into 4 groups, blank control group: PC12 induced differentiation into neuronal cells, solvent control group: PC12 induced differentiation into neurons+ 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), thapsigargin group: PC12 induced differentiation into nerves Yuan+ 2 μmol·L-1 thapsigargin, and icariin group: PC12 induced differentiation into neurons+ 2 μmol·L-1 thapsigargin+ 0.1 μmol·L-1 icariin. The proliferation of the cells was detected by using cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) method, the apoptosis of the cells was detected by flow cytometry, the protein expressions of CCAAT/enhace-binding protein homologous protein(CHOP) and glucoseregulated protein 78(Grp78) were detected by Western blot, and the mRNA expressions of CHOP and Grp78 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). Result::Compared with the solvent control group, the thapsigargin group inhibited the proliferation of neuron-like PC12 cells induced by NGF, promoted apoptosis, and up-regulated the expressions of CHOP and Grp78 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the thapsigargin group, the icariin group can alleviate the inhibition of neurotrophic activity by thapsigargin, reduce neuronal apoptosis, and down-regulate the expressions of CHOP and Grp78 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Icariin can inhibit endoplasmic reticulum stress by down-regulating the expressions of CHOP and Grp78 and promote the repair of damaged neurons.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 317-320, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870800

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein astrocytopathy is a curable autoimmune inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Meninges, brain, spinal cord and optic nerve are mainly involved. Radial paraventricular enhancement and/or long segment lesions of spinal cord with central enhancement can be seen on magnetic resonance imaging. Brain biopsy shows perivascular inflammation with microglia activation. The disease is sensitive to steroid therapy. Glial fibrillary acidic protein antibody is considered as a specific biomarker of the disease.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1508-1513, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822898

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the molecular mechanism of the anti-liver fibrosis effect of curcumol by observing the effect of curcumol on the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells. MethodsA total of 50 mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, and curcumol group, and cells were divided into blank control group, LPS positive control group, curcumol intervention group, and PDTC group. HE staining and Masson staining were used to observe the change in liver structure; Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR) were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of the key molecules TLR4 and NF-κB in the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway; immunofluorescence assay was used to observe the expression and nuclear import of NF-κB in cells. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple  groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsRT-PCR showed that compared with the positive control group, the curcumol intervention group had significant reductions in the mRNA expression of TLR4 and NF-κB (both P<0.05). Western blot showed that compared with the positive control group, the curcumol intervention group had significant reductions in the expression of TLR4 and NF-κB (both P<005). Immunofluorescence assay showed that compared with the positive control group, the curcumol intervention group had significant improvement in NF-κB nuclear import. ConclusionCurcumol can exert an anti-liver fibrosis effect possibly by inhibiting the activity of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828458

ABSTRACT

Objective Accumulated evidence has suggested that there is a close association between preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognosis of various malignant tumors. However, the relationship between NLR and surgically resectable urinary cancers remains contradictory. Therefore, we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to explore whether preoperative NLR could predict the prognosis of surgically resectable urinary cancers. Methods After searching the Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane databases and screening the articles, we finally included 25 studies involving 15950 patients. Hazard ratios (s) and their 95% confidence intervals (s) were extracted to assess the association between preoperative NLR and the overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of surgically resectable urinary cancers. Results The pooled results revealed that an elevated preoperative NLR could predict a worse OS (=1.40, 95%: 1.26-1.54, <0.001) and CSS (=1.43, 95%: 1.27-1.59, <0.001) in urinary cancers. In addition, our analyses also suggested that high preoperative NLR was associated with worse prognosis in renal cell carcinoma (OS: =2.06, 95%: 1.54-2.76, =0.131; CSS: =2.46, 95%: 1.46-4.16, =0.178), upper tract urothelial carcinoma (OS: =1.91, 95%: 1.50-2.42, =0.616; CSS: =1.84, 95%: 1.41-2.39, =0.001), bladder cancer (OS: =1.09, 95%: 1.02-1.17, <0.001; CSS: =1.05, 95%: 1.01-1.09, =0.163) and prostate cancer (OS: =1.69, 95%: 1.19-2.41, =0.714). Regardless of the participants' race or the cutoff value of the preoperative NLR, the results remained valid. Conclusion Elevated preoperative NLR could predict a worse prognosis in surgically resectable urinary cancers, namely, renal cell carcinoma, bladder cancer, prostate cancer and upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 899-908, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827660

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions remains challenging; a simple strategy has been preferred as of late, but the disadvantage is ostium stenosis or even occlusion of the side branch (SB). Only a few single-center studies investigating the combination of a drug-eluting stent in the main branch followed by a drug-eluting balloon in the SB have been reported. This prospective, multicenter, randomized study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of a paclitaxel-eluting balloon (PEB) compared with regular balloon angioplasty (BA) in the treatment of non-left main coronary artery bifurcation lesions.@*METHODS@#Between December 2014 and November 2015, a total of 222 consecutive patients with bifurcation lesions were enrolled in this study at ten Chinese centers. Patients were randomly allocated at a 1:1 ratio to a PEB group (n = 113) and a BA group (n = 109). The primary efficacy endpoint was angiographic target lesion stenosis at 9 months. Secondary efficacy and safety endpoints included target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, target lesion failure, major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCEs), all-cause death, cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and thrombosis in target lesions. The main analyses performed in this clinical trial included case shedding analysis, base-value equilibrium analysis, effectiveness analysis, and safety analysis. SAS version 9.4 was used for the statistical analyses.@*RESULTS@#At the 9-month angiographic follow-up, the difference in the primary efficacy endpoint of target lesion stenosis between the PEB (28.7% ± 18.7%) and BA groups (40.0% ± 19.0%) was -11.3% (95% confidence interval: -16.3% to -6.3%, Psuperiority <0.0001) in the intention-to-treat analysis, and similar results were recorded in the per-protocol analysis, demonstrating the superiority of PEB to BA. Late lumen loss was significantly lower in the PEB group than in the BA group (-0.06 ± 0.32 vs. 0.18 ± 0.34 mm, P < 0.0001). For intention-to-treat, there were no significant differences between PEB and BA in the 9-month percentages of MACCEs (0.9% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.16) or non-fatal myocardial infarctions (0 vs. 0.9%, P = 0.49). There were no clinical events of target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, target lesion failure, all-cause death, cardiac death or target lesion thrombosis in either group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In de novo non-left main coronary artery bifurcations treated with provisional T stenting, SB dilation with the PEB group demonstrated better angiographic results than treatment with regular BA at the 9-month follow-up in terms of reduced target lesion stenosis.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02325817; https://clinicaltrials.gov.

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